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Terrorism Intelligence, Counterterrorism and Protection Term Paper

… This definition will most likely fall short of total comprehension upon further analysis. The intentional or unintentional habit of associating terrorism with foreign freedom fighters committing acts of war on American soil seems to have attracted the majority of Western consciousness in today's discussions. The aforementioned phrase may indeed be the new, applicable and suitable phrasing for a consensual definition, however this consensus must be collaborated with qualitative research.This qualitative research project may reach out to different segments of society to gather of differing opinions about the word terrorism and how it should be used with today's lexicon. Terrorism and counterintelligence and other terms may also be offered up for redefining in this type of research. The words that are used in associating value to…. [read more]


Terrorism Research Paper

… ]

m. Federal Bureau of Investigation -- 28 C.F.R. §0.85

"[Terrorism is] [t]he unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a Government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives."[footnoteRef:17] [17: (The Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2005).]

3. Two Approaches to the Complexity of Terrorism Definitions

As nations struggle to define terrorism in order to target and combat it, the conflicting viewpoints and interests become obvious in the sheer number of their definitions, all focusing on a single word: terrorism. Even within the United States, separate governmental departments rely on separate definitions. In the face of these burgeoning and changing definitions, scholars have attempted to find a common ground from which we…. [read more]


Terrorism Influences Research Paper

… New mission of Homeland security

After the 9/11 homeland security mission has been revolutionized and distance between law enforcement and intelligence has been eliminated. These changes are more prominent on state level. Most of the countries have retaliated by combining existing public security, emergency response capabilities and law enforcement. Moreover, before most of the countries have no effective intelligence agencies but now most countries have reacted by creating multiple intelligence cells in existing setup. (Steiner)

Modern terrorism and new level of relationship between federal, state, local government agencies and private corporations

Modern terrorism has made federal governments more skeptical. For example before 9/11 everyone was allowed to get training of flying the plane in the U.S.A. But now these laws have been made stricter. Moreover,…. [read more]


Terrorism Refers to Threats, Violence Essay

… Though these violent acts might be reactionary in nature, it takes time to re-establish a damaged or extinct value system (Allen, 2006).

The Deliberate aspect of terrorism

Innocent victims become the target of terrorist activities just by being symbolically important. The fact that their pain may help in creating a psychological impact, becomes the reason for their death. All this is not merely coincidence but in fact each and every step is planned in advance (Bascio, 2007).

Factors contributing to terrorism

As per a study, suicide terrorism is the only idea that challenges the intricate bond between domestic violence and democracy. Although domestic violence can be found in democratic states, it is almost always found in dictatorships. However, recently, it has been found that suicide…. [read more]


Terrorism What Was Once Seen on Television Term Paper

… Terrorism

What was once seen on television as part of temporary news broadcasts is now more and more present to even become a global threat. Terrorism is "the threat or use of violence, often against the civilian population, to achieve political or social ends, to intimidate opponents, or to publicize grievances" (the Columbia Encyclopedia, 2007). The most jeopardizing feature of terrorism for a community is given by the fact that it most often targets innocent civilians and it becomes a danger to all of us, everywhere we may be: the shopping mall, the street, the train or even our workplace. "Terrorism, like the plague in the Middle Ages, frightens both leaders and citizens. It is a disease that is spreading, its cure is unknown" (Deutch,…. [read more]


Terrorism Is a Weapon of the Weak Global Jihad a Myth or Reality Essay

… Terrorism is a "Weapon of the Weak -- / Global Jihad, a Myth or Reality

Terrorism is a weapon of the weak

Terrorism has become one of the most discussed subjects in terms of international security and in the foreign affairs offices throughout the world. Especially after the 9/11 events in the United States, terrorism has received the label of the most important threat to national security (Townshend, 2007). Both domestic and international terrorism are phenomena that can hardly be tackled with instruments that have been used traditionally during the Cold War in particular when security was established as a special area of expertise. This is largely due to the fact that this threat is an unconventional one and requires unconventional means to counter.

Terrorism…. [read more]


Terrorism Represents the Organized Use Essay

… Terrorism represents the organized use of terror with the purpose of intimidating particular groups. Its complex nature makes it difficult for the act to be defined by the international community and a series of actions can thus be catalogued as being terrorist in character. The masses are typically accustomed to perceiving terrorism as being related to religious extremists wanting to put across their thinking by performing extreme acts. While an insurgency is primarily focused with a political movement wanting to achieve its goals by adopting diverse strategies, terrorism is actually one of the strategies that insurgents adopt with the purpose of expressing themselves.

The contemporary society experiences great problems dealing with the issue of terrorism primarily because of its failure to provide a strict definition…. [read more]


Terrorism There Have Been Various Essay

… The DHS has been involved in several security operations like border patrols, cybercrime security, and disaster response and even to smaller things like availing information for families to use in case of emergencies (Homeland Security, 2011) as well as promptly responding to emergencies whenever there is one.

From the above engagements of the homeland security it is apparent that there is a close link between the community preparedness and the homeland security. It is only when the local citizens are equipped enough with the relevant security information that it will be possible to maintain internal security. This effort has borne fruits as we have had several instances of citizens informing the authority about suspicious activities most of which have turned out to be true attempts…. [read more]


Terrorism and Democracy Term Paper

… (Quoted by Hoffmann) This was followed by another resolution that called for international crackdown on financing for terrorism and greater exchange information between countries to fight terrorism. All of this proves that international co-operation and perhaps an International Committee on Prevention of Terrorism under the auspices of the UN would prove more effective in combating terrorism than say, the U.S. attack on Iraq.

Conclusion

Terrorism, as we have seen in this paper, undermines democracy in more than one way. Its effect on democracy becomes more pronounced when democratic countries such as the United States react by curtailing such cherished democratic traditions such as civil rights, liberties, freedom of expression, and the free flow of information in their own societies. It is also clear that terrorism…. [read more]


Terrorism Organizations What Is Terrorism? Research Paper

… Prevention and mitigation methods are complex and often somewhat controversial in that some see Civil Rights being eroded, while others feel that the protection of the many, utilitarianism, is worth losing some personal liberty. In any case, diligence, scholarship and preparation are necessary as never before.

REFERENCES

ACLU Lawsuit. (1993). The New York Times. Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/1993/12/16/us/aclu-lawsuit-backs-klan-in-seeking-permit-for-cross.html

Anti-Defamation League. (2013). Ku Klux Klan -- Affiliations. ADL. Retrieved from: http://archive.adl.org/learn/ext_us/kkk/affiliations.html?LEARN_Cat=Extremism&LEARN_SubCat=Extremism_in_America&xpicked=4&item=kkk

Bocstette, C. (2008). Jihadist Terrorist Use of Strategic Communication Management Techniques. George C. Marshall European Center for Security. Retrieved from: http://www.marshallcenter.org/mcpublicweb/MCDocs/files/College/F_Publications/occPapers/occ-paper_20-en.pdf

Department of Homeland Security. (2014). About DHS. Retrieved from: http:.//www/dhs.gov

____. (2007, October). National Strategy for Homeland Security. Retrieved from: http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/nat_strat_homelandsecurity_2007.pdf

Masters, J. (2011). Militant Extremists in the United States. Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved…. [read more]


Terrorism in Northern Ireland Essay

… It would actually be absurd for someone to claim that these individuals care for the well-being of Ireland as long as they are unhesitant about engaging in terrorist acts that are likely to reflect negatively on the general population. The thousands of people that died across time as a result of terrorist attacks in Northern Ireland stand as evidence that these groups have no sense of right and wrong and that, over time, their minds have come to be clouded by their irresponsible ambition.

The authorities primarily have "to look further into those factors that predispose individuals to follow the path of violence and particularly to maintain their disposition" (Whittaker 15). Terrorism in Northern Ireland has come to be more than just a simple act…. [read more]


Terrorism What Is Involved in Terrorism Investigation? Essay

… Terrorism

What is involved in terrorism investigation? Unlike many criminal investigations, investigating terrorism and terrorism issues are dependent on far more issues. First, the investigation may be national, international, or a combination -- it may involve a number of agencies, jurisdictions, and political formats. The terrorism investigation is also dependent on whether it is proactive or reactive. Proactive investigations are used to prevent acts of terrorism and include coordinated or long-term planning, intelligence gathering, and ways for different agencies to cooperate. Reactive methods are used to investigate terrorism after the incident occurs. These include crime scene processing and analysis, detective work (following leads and tips), using informants, data mining, surveillance, and other standard law enforcement tactics.

Proactive methods are designed, particularly after 9/11, by the…. [read more]


Terrorism and Civil Liberties Essay

… In some cases, many citizens have shown the readiness to surrender some of the freedoms in order to obtain improved security in light of increase in terrorism.

This trend towards considerable diminution of freedoms for Americans in the name of the fight against terrorism cannot be justified. This is mainly because civil liberties are the constitutional principles through which the country was founded. Civil liberties act as the necessary foundation for the creation of responsible, independent citizens in the country (Mitrano, 2003). Therefore, there is no justification for lessening these freedoms in attempts to improve homeland security. In addition, the government can develop effective ways for dealing with terrorism without necessarily resulting in lessening of civil liberties for Americans.

References

Mitrano, T. (2003, January 1).…. [read more]


Terrorism Annotated Bibliography Gardner, K.L Term Paper

… Although fundamentalist Muslims have been of concern for some decades, it was not until this event that they became the primary concern for the safety of the United States and its interests. According to the article by Brigette Narcos, the attack was, from the perspective of the terrorists, an unmitigated success because it both broad universal attentions to their cause and in proving they could conduct such an attack solidified those who were opposed to the United States.

In addition to their legacy of bloodshed, the attacks shaped international relations between the U.S. And the rest of the world, particularly the Middle East ever since and will continue to shape how the government reacts to potential terrorist threats. The way in which the attacks were…. [read more]


Terrorism the Efforts to Outdo Essay

… The most sensitive and instantaneous effects turned out to be the shock as well as the loss of innocent life. This was followed by the affected economy due to the damage, air travel disruption, as well as increasing uncertainty security wise and world financial markets. A number of recommendations were highlighted in the report on the 9/11 recovery operation and it was very clear that thousands of people suffered adverse and mental health effects in the immediate aftermath of the 9/11 attack. Whereas a good number have regained their health, others keep on experiencing tough times from a variety of circumstances that are linked with WTC exposure, including greater and minor respiratory infirmity as well as rational health state like Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

While…. [read more]


Domestic Terrorism Essay

… With respects to such understanding, terrorists plot encompassing citizens of United States inspired by foreign terrorists with an example of Al Qaeda constitutes domestic terrorism.

Domestic terrorists are accountable for committing more than two dozen incidents from 2004 in the United States (White, 2011). In the United States, there seems to be a development of antigovernment extremist actions as noted through watchdog groups in the last numerous years. Just like their jihadist counterparts, domestic terrorists are usually internet savvy. More so, they utilize the internet as a key resource of their operations. Perpetrators of terrorism activities get inspiration from certain ideologies. As such, domestic terrorists are a broadly divergent lot, drawing from a wide range of worldviews and philosophies. Such people get the motivation to…. [read more]


Latin American Terrorism Issues Research Paper

… United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC)

This group of terrorist is relatively weak and less active. Very few activities have been reported by this group. It has more than 32000 members dismissed. Thus, it remains inactive as a formal group. Despite of its less activities, many old members of AUC are engaged in criminal activities mostly drug trafficking, in newly emerging criminal organizations (known as BACRIM, BandasCriminalesEmergentes). This newly emerging group has more than 3500 and less than 6000 members. To cope with this situation, Colombian government has taken multiple steps and made new laws. These laws are being implemented properly in order to generate peace in the region. One of the unique and most effective laws made in this context is the thorough and…. [read more]


Terrorism Tragedies From Deadly Terrorist Essay

… A study at the Monterey Institute of International Studies by the Centre for Non-proliferation studies observes that; the threat biological weapons pose highlights a need to explore the meaning of weapons of mass destruction and include biological weapons considering the number of causalities likely to arise if such an act are undertaken. Current trends in terrorists' attacks demonstrate there is a likelihood for terrorists to obtain weapons of mass destruction. Although the production of weapons of mass destruction is an expensive and hard venture, terrorist groups like the al Qaeda and their vast wealth can easily obtain the mean to produce weapons. This compounds the efforts of government agencies to fight terrorism (McCarthy et al., 2008)

Role of modern terrorism in shaping the Department of…. [read more]


How Is Terrorism Different From Violent Crime and Insurgency Ethno National Terrorism? Essay

… ¶ … terrorism different from violent crime and Insurgency / Ethno-National Terrorism

How is terrorism different from violent crime and insurgency

Terrorism has become one of the most discussed subjects in terms of international threat, national security, and domestic preventive action. In recent decades there have been numerous attempts to try to define the notion of terrorism and to tackle its causes and effects. However, to this day, despite impressive improvements, terrorism remains one of the greatest threats for international and national security.

Terrorism is rather hard to define in particular because it represents a complex phenomenon and its causes particularly difficult to fully contain and tackle. One of the first definitions of terrorism relates to the idea that the acts in themselves represent means…. [read more]


How Has Terrorism Effected the World Economy in Particular the United States Term Paper

… Terrorism and Economy

How has Terrorism Effected the World Economy and United States

There is no universally accepted definition of terrorism, and although at times people agree on a definition of terrorism, they also often disagree about whether or not the definition fits a particular incident (Terrorism pp). Thus, one must assess the different views of what exactly constitutes terrorism in order to understand it (Terrorism pp). Attempting to reach a general conclusion on the definition of terrorism has created much debate internationally and within the social sciences (Terrorism pp). However, no single definition seems to satisfy the wide interpretation of what specifically is terrorism (Terrorism pp).

1988 study by the United States Army found over 100 definitions of the word 'terrorism' (Definition pp). The…. [read more]


Terrorism in the Book Dying Term Paper

… Ultimately, it would be helpful to prevent terrorism before it erupts by listening and responding to politically disenfranchised groups before the conflict becomes too long and drawn out.

Some types of terrorism occur not by nebulous non-state actors such as Al Qaeda but by officially recognized state powers. When governments commit acts of terror, the word terrorism is sometimes not even used because legitimacy is inferred. However, in the case with Syria, the government can easily be referred to as a terrorist organization even if it operates officially. Because terrorism is always political, it does not matter whether or not the state or a non-state organization perpetrates the terrorist acts. The responses to terrorism will always be similarly structured, targeting the root causes and preventing…. [read more]


Terrorism in Western Europe Essay

… According to a 2006 CSR report for congress that sought to review the approaches European countries were adopting in an attempt to contain terrorism, it was stated that Spain is mainly focused on overcoming shortfalls in terms of resources allocated to various intelligence and security institutions charged with counterterrorism. Attempts have also been made to ensure that the country's local police i.e. The Civil Guard and the National Police Corps are given advanced counterterrorism training especially when it comes to handling Islamist extremists. In addition to the formulation of new security policies especially after the U.S. 9/11 attacks, the sale of explosives has also been put under tight control in Spain.

Terrorism in Italy

According to Antonello and O'Leary (2009), Italy's history is doted with…. [read more]


Terrorism Is an Act Essay

… In matters of global challenges, the 2012 assessment revealed that India established active cooperation with Afghanistan and supports the U.S. initiatives in the country as opposed to a year before when it merely looked into the idea. The potential difficulty posed by China as an international actor in 2011 was reassessed a year later when it was acknowledged that Beijing is also an important regional factor and a powerful influence over China altogether.

Problems in the Middle East and Africa with local economy and development were further addressed in the 2012 assessment with Clapper mentioning that international help is required for many countries within the region and that ?violence, corruption, and terrorism are likely to plague Africa in areas key to U.S. interests.

Therefore, what…. [read more]


Terrorism Memo to the Department Term Paper

… The U.S. currently uses the resources of the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT), which is located in Brussels and serves as a "hub for international funds transfers" (Elsea, CRS-1). What was the authority for the Treasury Department to access banking information from SWIFT? The authors of this report reference the Executive Order #13224, "Blocking Property and Prohibiting Transactions With Persons Who Commit, Threaten to Commit, or Support Terrorism," signed by President George W. Bush on September 23, 2001, just days after the terrorist attacks on the Pentagon and on the World Trade Center (Elsea, CRS-2). President Bush had the power to issue that Executive Order under the "International Emergency Economic Powers Ace (IEEPA)," which is the statute 50 U.S. Code § 1701-1706 (Elsea,…. [read more]


Terrorism in the 21St Century Research Paper

… ¶ … social issue of terrorism, which has exacerbated the overall safety and security of the citizens across the world. Over time, where people have modernized their lifestyle, terrorist activities, at the same time, have only escalated to paramount heights. The major causes that have augmented the terrorist activities have widely been discussed in the dissertation. Moreover, the adverse and far-reaching impacts of terrorism has also been comprehensively discussed, and based on it, few solutions have been given as a remedy to curb this issue universally.

Introduction to Terrorism

Since the human race has first walked on the planet Earth, they have had an insatiable quest to chase, discover, and invent ground-breaking things every now and then, which has resulted in modernized and improved existing…. [read more]


Terrorism Has Posed a Threat for Society Research Proposal

… Terrorism has posed a threat for society ever since the early ages when people have resorted to committing crimes against other people with the belief that such an act would better their condition. There are several factors responsible for influencing certain people in performing such criminal activities. In spite of the fact that it has been proved that terrorism brings no benefit to those that perform it, there are still people today that are fond of performing it and believe that the act is, in fact, effective.

Terrorism is something that mankind had always known, and, with the evolution of man, the act of terrorism has also evolved, too. The civilized society has struggled to isolate and abolish any thought of terrorism throughout the world.…. [read more]


Terrorism Final Examination Questions Essay

… Question 3

Why do some terrorist groups use suicide bombing as a strategy? Please include at least three reasons in your answer.

Terrorist groups use suicide bombing as a strategy is because suicide bombs are dramatic public displays of violence often taking place in sensitive areas. Consider suicide bombings in Israel, Palestine, and other areas in what is referred to in the west as the Middle East. The bombings are on public transportation and even school buses. The bombings take place in marketplaces or in other areas where there are high concentrations of civilians as well as military personnel. The targets of suicide bombings are mainly average civilians because their deaths instill the most tragedy and provide the maximum dramatic impact. Shafiq and Sinno state:…. [read more]


Terrorism Has a Long Term Paper

… Whatever the justification of a separate homeland for the Jews, there is a deep sense of outrage among Muslims that such a country (Israel) was created on the land in which Palestinians (mostly Muslims) had resided for centuries.

The sense of injustice has been further enhanced by the harsh and brutal treatment of the Palestinians by the Israelis. The United States has supported Israel financially, militarily as well as politically and due to these reasons, the U.S. has been identified as the number one enemy by Islamic fundamentals who believe that its loyal and consistent support for Israel has "enabled the Israeli government to conduct a war of terror against the Palestinians in the occupied territories." (Cohn 37) Yasser Arafat, the late Palestinian leader expressed…. [read more]


Terrorism Is Not a New Concept Case Study

… Terrorism is not a new concept or method. It has been used throughout the history of man but defining what is and what is not is a difficult proposition. Depending on one's point-of-view, it can be defined as political or military tactic or strategy, a crime, a holy duty, or a justified reaction to oppression. It contains elements of military action while also having political and social implications (Alex, 2010).

In recent years terrorism has become increasingly more popular among a variety of different groups attempting to influence society. The success and failure of these various groups differs but the impact of their actions cannot be denied. In this paper an attempt will be made to examine the actions and philosophies of several of these…. [read more]


Terrorism Domestic Terrorism Is Legally Essay

… Racism, religiosity, and anti-governmentalism characterize right wing terrorism groups in the United States. Christian extremism is no different from Muslim extremism in the sense that religion motivates acts of terror such as bombing abortion clinics. The right to bear arms, embedded in the Second Amendment, enables the creation of militias that could threaten civilian populations. Right wing terrorism groups often hide behind the cloak of the Constitution, especially with regards to the Second Amendment but also the First. White supremacists are able to proliferate ironically because of the rights and freedoms that are guaranteed in the American Constitution.

Unfortunately, Greenpeace and PETA are sometimes labeled as domestic terrorist groups. This is especially true after September 11 and the passage of the U.S.A. PATRIOT Act. The…. [read more]

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