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Terrorism Assess the Likelihood of a Terrorist Term Paper

… Terrorism

Assess the likelihood of a terrorist group use of CBRN weapons

There is a high and rising probability of the usage of the chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear -CBRN weapons by majority of terrorists even though certain established terrorist groups are expected to remain restricted by such aspects like being alien to the weapon and its dubious political usefulness. The possible danger caused by CBRN weapons in the hands of terrorists is observed with increasing anxiety by both government and society following the current highly destructive terrorist events. Al-Qaeda and other concerned terrorist gangs persist to show their knack in large-scale killing of human beings through the use of CBRN i.e. chemical, radiological and nuclear arsenals.

Renowned persons in the U.S., has been expressive…. [read more]


Terrorism, During Its Long Violent Term Paper

… The following books / articles shall tentatively form the bibliography of my research:

"Terrorism: A Very Short Introduction" by Charles Townshend (Book)

"Understanding, Responding to and Preventing Terrorism" by Marjorie Cohn (Journal article)

"The Holy Qu'ran" Translation by Abdullah Yusuf Ali (Book)

"Analysis: Who is a Terrorist?" By Alan Little (Website Article)

(Detailed bibliography is provided in the "Works Cited" page at the end of this proposal.)

4. Methodology of Research

In order to get a preliminary "feel" about the general topic of terrorism, I intend to browse a few articles on terrorism in encyclopedias such as the Microsoft Encarta and the Britannica. I shall then get to the "meat" of my research by reading the books and articles on terrorism that I have listed…. [read more]


Terrorism Different Topics, 3 Pages Each) Term Paper

… Terrorism (4 Different Topics, 3 Pages Each)

Describe the major trends in terrorism in recent years.

Fundamentalism in general has been on the rise in recent years, for example, between the mid-1960s and the mid-1990s, the number of fundamentalist movements of all religious affiliations tripled worldwide. At the same time, as observed by Bruce Hoffman, there has been a virtual explosion of identifiable religious terrorist groups from zero in 1968 to today's level, where almost 25% of all terrorist groups active throughout the world are predominantly motivated by religious concerns.

Although the ethno-nationalist/separatist and ideological fundamentalists continue to reflect the most basic understanding of the term in the United States, in recent years "terrorism" has been used to denote broader, less distinct phenomena. "In the…. [read more]


Domestic and International Terrorism Essay

… It is also to plan the budget of the successful execution of the missions of homeland security. 2009 saw the first conduct of QHSR, and the report was handed over to the Congress on 1 February 2010. This report was a complete evaluation of the strategies of the homeland security for the nation and involved the recommended longstanding strategic concerns of the Nation in its homeland security (Burnett, 2007).

The report was inclusive of the outcome of the QHSR, a strategy of the national homeland security, an account of the dangerous Nation's mission of the homeland security, and details of the assumptions that are beneath that were used in the course of carrying out the review. The report is persistent and expounds more on the…. [read more]


Terrorism and Policy Thesis

… Terrorism and Policy: An Examination of the Federal Policy Changes Since 9/11

The objective of this work is to summarize the federal policy changes that resulted from the tragic events of September 1, 2001. This work will examine Homeland Security National Strategy and the U.S.A. PATRIOT Act in conducting an analysis of contemporary crime control policies.

HOMELAND SECURITY STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES

The National Strategy for Homeland Security, published by the Office of Homeland Security in July 2002 states as Homeland Security 'strategic objectives' the following: (1) prevent terrorist attacks within the United States; (2) Reduce America's vulnerability to terrorism; and (3) Minimize the damage and recover from attacks that do occur. It is related in this same publication that six major initiatives which have been identified…. [read more]


Terrorism Defining and Justifying Term Paper

… Terrorism

Defining and Justifying Terrorism

Terrorism has been around since Biblical times. In about 167 B.C. A disenfranchised group of Jews, called the Maccabees, went up into the mountains around Jerusalem to hide, coming down as frequent intervals to terrorize the Syrians who had invaded and were occupying their land. They worked to resist the oppression of Antiocus Epiphanes, who introduced worship of idols in their temple, erecting a statue in it of the goddess Diana. Of course, the Bible does not call the Maccabees terrorists. They are seen as patriotic and heroic, since eventually they did succeed in driving out the Syrians and taking back their temple for the worship of God.

The word terrorism is a powerful word often used by politicians to…. [read more]


Terrorism Shares Features Essay

… The war paradigm of terrorism, on the other hand, fully embraces the potential of WMDs. According to the war paradigm of terrorism, "the worse the damage the better," (Arquilla et al. 1999, p. 149). Therefore, the war paradigm can sometimes be antithetical to the coercive diplomacy model. The use of WMDs may be in collusion with state actors or not. Finally, the new world paradigm is built on religious ideology. It "harks back to the dynamics of millennialist movements that arose in past epochs of social upheaval," and "is likely to seek the vast disruption of political, social, and economic order," (Arquilla et al. 1999, p. 150). All three of these pradigms of terrorism: the coercive diplomacy paradigm, the war paradigm, and the new world…. [read more]


Terrorism Research Issues Research Proposal

… Resolving field issues in this situation is essential to achieving a purposeful inquiry as researchers are increasingly being asked to research populations with special characteristics, in this case those close to the epicenter of a terrorist attack. The reality is that most of this research must be done on a fresh scale as most institutional lists and/or databases limit information to retain anonymity and protect participants. Therefore as Rothbart, Fine, & Sudman stress, "As research becomes more pointed, more informed by what has gone before, and more oriented toward practical implications, general population surveys often prove inadequate…field-drawn samples have become increasingly essential to successful surveys." (1982, p. 409) Some examples of field issues might be the express impact of; yield, location problems, coverage bias, the…. [read more]


Terrorism Preparedness Since September 11 Research Paper

… The perceived problem is that the NRP does not full address the problem associated with the hurricane problems. Moreover, there is a lack of effective operation plan with response to the NRP.

Essentially, the CIA (Catastrophic Incident Annex) is the overarching strategy to accelerate and coordinate proactive response to catastrophic incident. Essentially, the CIA-NRP is intended to address short-notice or no-notice incidents with respect to catastrophes. However, integrating non-federal stakeholders in the NRP is other issues that make policy maker think that NRP is not appropriate for the Katrina emergence. For example, the state government, local government, non-profits organizations and private sectors have been poorly integrated to address the national emergency policy that NRP could have implemented.

One of weakness of CIA-NRF is that many…. [read more]


Terrorism How Does Terrorism Affect Essay

… Jihad is a socially constructed concept, too. It is no longer an internal spiritual struggle of man against himself (or woman against herself) but an external war between the defenders of Islam and the infidels.

3. How do threat levels and vulnerability assessments assist military installations with terrorist response? Is this a good model for civilian governments to use?

Threat levels and vulnerability assessments are used to varying degrees of success, especially depending on whether they are used for military installations vs. In the civilian sector (Presley, 1996). Military installations with a terrorist response do need some kind of guideline as to necessary resource deployment. The threat levels and vulnerability assessments make sense from a managerial standpoint, as they assist with budget allocations and logistics…. [read more]


Is Terrorism Effective? Essay

… ¶ … Terrorism Effective?

The term "terrorism" is basically politically and fervently charged which compounds the struggle of providing a precise description of terrorism. Some examination studies by intellectuals have shown the fact that there are over 100 various terms of terrorism. A less diplomatically and emotionally charged denotation of terrorism is a better well-defined word that is often utilized for referring to fear. The word "fear" derives from a Latin word with a connotation that means "to be frightened." (American Heritage Online Dictionary, 2010) Many people share the definition of terrorism in that it means a violent activity which is envisioned to generate fear, to endorse an ideological/political objective, and purposely aim at civilians and non- civilian targets (American Heritage Online Dictionary, 2010). With…. [read more]


Terrorism Definitions Essay

… S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (USA TRADOC) (2007) developed a document that thoroughly provides detail on how terror groups are structured and organized. Generally, terror groups are structured as hierarchies or networks. Hierarchical structures are highly dependent on members' commitment, while networks are characterized by its variety and complexity. Further divided into cells, networks can have a chain (reactive movement of members), all channel (lateral connections among members) or star/hub (has a central individual as point of contact) organizations. However, terror groups often use hybrids of these organizations, making the hybrid organization the most difficult to identify and track/trace.

4. Samuel Huntington & Thomas Barnett's discussion of evolution of terrorism

Huntington and Barnett's proposed theories present polarizing, yet compelling, opinions about political conflicts, warfare,…. [read more]


Assimilation of Terrorism Perspectives Essay

… Such models and procedures will assume the services of the crime units in towns, industrial areas, transportation mechanism, and any other production avenues. This will be helpful in eradicating crime in the society and ensuring presence and fulfillment of peace globally.

When special groups and established within every society or state, it becomes easy to deal with crime issues that appear to be overcoming to the presence and absence of peace among the people. For instance, in cities, there is a likelihood of falling behind the influences and characteristic crime. Counter-terrorism procedures should be established and protected at all costs. This ensures that people and even criminals do not work with plans to compromise the existing trends of service among the security personnel. In many…. [read more]


Terrorism Concepts Essay

… Terrorism Concepts

no answer available; no author "Dr. Hanle" could be found, either

Mao's first stage of revolutionary mobilization is the organization and consolidation of base areas, preserving certain enclaves (usually in areas that were hard for outsiders to reach, isolated and/or with rough surrounding terrain). Then, single-mission attacks meant to terrorize as well as obtain resources would be carried out to allow for progressive expansion. Finally, the enemy would be engaged in all-out warfare and destroyed.

During consolidation, terrorism is necessary in order to obtain political support, and to dissuade local citizens that might not side with the revolutionaries from becoming involved on the wrong side. Before enough power is obtained by the revolutionaries, terrorism is also the only real means of making attacks…. [read more]


Terrorism Definitions of Terrorism: The Federal Bureau Thesis

… Terrorism

Definitions of terrorism: The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) calls terrorism "The unlawful use of force and violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, a civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives (www.fbi.gov). Under the U.S. Law Code Title 22, Chapter 38, Para. 2656f (d) terrorism means "…premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents" (http://terrorism.about.com) (Zalman). And according to Princeton University's definition (http://Wordnetweb.princton.edu) terrorism is "the calculated use of violence (or the threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature." I think the Princeton University version is the best because it is most succinct and uses…. [read more]


Terrorism Now, a White Male Sitting Essay

… Terrorism

Now, a white male sitting in church on Sunday is shot and killed by two Muslim men with black hoods over their faces who believe the man they killed ordered the kidnapping of one of the men's wives, which was unsuccessful. Is it perceived initially as terrorism?

What did we all think immediately after learning of the Oklahoma City bombing that was eventually blamed on Timothy McVeigh? We thought it was an act of terrorism. And it was.

The point of this exercise is that we do not know what the definition of terrorism is. How is it defined for us? Mostly, by the media. The web, TV, radio, newspapers, and magazines all tell us whether a particular act of violence is terrorism --…. [read more]


Terrorism in Academic, Military, and Civilian Discussions Reaction Paper

… Terrorism

In academic, military, and civilian discussions about terrorism, nothing strikes fear and dread into the hearts and minds of the participants like the thought of a small, splinter group purchasing and delivering a nuclear weapon. While many experts see this as an unlikely action, primarily due to the complexity required to deliver such a weapon; partially due to the notion that harsh reprimands would likely come out of any such attack, and would, in fact, do very little regain territory in disputed areas (Maurer, 2009).

However, one must make a clear distinction between the idea of nuclear terrorism and nuclear terror -- they are different. Nuclear terrorism is about the acquisition and use of a nuclear device against a population group or structure --…. [read more]


Terrorism Americans' Views Term Paper

… In more recent times, many French citizens were outraged at how easily their country gave up and surrendered to the Nazi German army, and even more distressed to see how completely the Vichy government cooperated with those who had defeated them in war. The French resistance movement was one result. Private citizens who were determined to continue to fight for their country. At great risk to themselves and their families, they worked under cover of darkness to blow up bridges so the German army could not use them, snuck British spies into the country and reported troop movements to the Allies. Because the Allies won the war and France was liberated, they are called heroes, but if Germany had won, they would have been terrorists.…. [read more]


Terrorism in Kenya Acts Thesis

… The U.S.A. has several areas of interest in Kenya as a beacon of democracy and peace and the fact that Kenya hosts hundreds of thousands of refugees of war and natural calamities like famine from other regions. Kenya also hosts training grounds for several countries Britain inclusive (Crown, 2012). The reason for picking the country is the delicate balance of its diplomatic relations bearing that it is closely neighbored by the Islamic and chaotic Somalia to the East, volatile Sudan to the North and Ethiopia that occasionally poses small arm proliferation and raids, the non-democratic Uganda to the West and it still maintains the peace and stems terror at its best.

These factors among many that will be discussed puts Kenya at a delicate podium…. [read more]


Terrorism Reached a New Low the Morning Term Paper

… terrorism reached a new low the morning of September 11, 2001 when perpetrators used three hijacked commercial jets as weapons of mass destruction. Yet terrorists had been plotting against the United States and its allies long before that date and continue to plague freedom-loving citizens of the world. What the events of September 11 marked was the beginning of a new war on terror, a new definition of warfare that would rely less on traditional battlefronts and more and more on technology and advanced intelligence-gathering. The terrorist attacks of September 11 also brought to attention the severity of the threat that fundamentalist Islam had been posing for decades. Until September 11, 2001 that threat had been underestimated or at least it had been in the…. [read more]


Terrorism Compare and Contrast a Secular Terrorists Essay

… Terrorism

Compare and contrast a secular terrorists and a religious terrorists.

Terrorists can be defined as people who use violence for the purpose of spreading fear rather than for the physical results of their actions. They do this to draw attention to things they perceive as wrongs that must be righted by society (Weisbach, 2004). Terrorists could be divided into two groups: those whose issues are religiously based and those whose issues are not based on religion. Al-qaeda is an example of a group that uses religious beliefs as the basis for their actions. The Basque terrorists of Spain would be an example of a politically-based organization.

Both groups have similarities. Both groups believe that working within the political system will not achieve their goals.…. [read more]


Global Terrorism Is a Systematic Research Paper

… To achieve its goals, the group uses series of force, which include bombing, and hijacking of planes.

"AI Qaeda seeks to destroy the U.S. For what they feel is oppressive foreign policy. They are also against Israel. AI Qaeda has been linked to various terrorist attacks in the world including the 2001 attack against the World Trade Center in New York.." (Jack, Bailey, & Matt, 2012, p. 238).

The group has also been linked to hotel attack in Yemen in 1992 as well as bombing of strategic places In Saudi Arabia between 1995 and 1996."AI Qaeda has declared a holy war, or "Jihad, against the U.S. AI Qaeda is also heavily involved in terrorist activity at present in Iraq." (Jack, Bailey, & Matt, 2012, p.…. [read more]


Domestic Terrorism Essay

… Domestic Terrorism

As the world evolves, so do its problems. For instance, on the one hand, the it community has come up with new gadgets and applications to improve the quality of our life, but on the other hand, the population becomes more sedentary and the incidence of cardio-vascular diseases increased. Another major threat of the modern day society is the lack of proper measures of safety or security. And in the most advanced countries, despite the existence of such measures, the problem relies in the existence of people determined to threaten the safety and well-being of the citizens in order to achieve their personal desires.

Domestic and international terrorism

The acts are generally known as terrorism, and while the problem is not new, it…. [read more]


Defining Terrorism Term Paper

… Terrorism

Encyclopedias and dictionaries define terrorism in the easy to understand language but in reality it is a concept that is hard to grasp. In the last two decades terrorism caused more damage to the world then anything else. Especially after 9/11 the word terrorism was being redefined. Despite differing definitions terrorism, is considered a crime in most of the countries. Statutes of different countries have different version of the definition of terrorism.

Looking up a dictionary we would find the definition in the simplest form. For example, the American Heritage Dictionary defines terrorism as "The unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence by a person or an organized group against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or…. [read more]


Terrorism in Seattle Case Study

… On December 29, 1999, Seattle Mayor Paul Schell with the concurrence of the City Council decided to cancel the Millennium Celebration, even though it had been planned for over 24 months. The ostensible reason was a potential terrorist attack, based on the December 14th arrest of an Algerian man, Ahmed Ressam, who was arrested in Port Angeles with enough explosives to blow up at least one major building. When Ressam was arrest boarding a ferry, investigators found that he had booked up a hotel room for one night near the Space Needle. While there was no "direct evidence" that Ressam was planning to blow up the Needle, this and recent events in Seattle led to the decision to end all events by 6pm on New…. [read more]


Terrorism Essay

… ¶ … Terrorism

The objective of this study is to choose from three definitions of terrorism and relate which one best represents the beliefs, values, experiences, and education of this writer. Section 802 of the U.S.A. Patriot Act (Pub. L. No. 107-52) is reported to have expanded the definition of terrorism to cover 'domestic' terrorism. Domestic terrorism is committed by an individual if they "do an act 'dangerous' to human life that is in violation of criminal laws of a state or the United States, if the act appears to be intended to: (1) intimidate or coerce a civilian population; (2) influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or (3) affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination or kidnapping."…. [read more]


Psychology of Terrorism Thesis

… Psychology of Terrorism

Terrorism Defined: What is Terrorism?

Terrorism has been explained variedly both as a strategic effort as well as a tactic; a criminal act as well as a sacred obligation, a reaction which is justified against oppression as well as abomination which is unpardonable. To be obvious, a lot is based on whose perspective is represented. Acts of terrorism has time and again in a conflict been an efficient approach for the weaker side. Being an asymmetric type of conflict, terrorism bestows coercive power with several benefits of the military force at a minimum of the expenses. Because of the secretive characteristics and minute size of the organizations manned by the terrorists, they offer their foes no clear-cut organization to defend or to…. [read more]


Global Terrorism's Impact on International Business Term Paper

… Terrorism Impact

When a terrorism attack hits a country, such as September 11, 2001, naturally the citizens of that nation are most affected. They are the ones who are immediately impacted by the injuries and deaths of peers, friends and loved ones, the shut down of production and services, and the psychological and physical long-term effects. However, such an attack also impacts the rest of the world economically, either through the way that the national organizations have difficulty fulfilling their international obligations or the way that other countries perceive that they, too, are being threatened by these same terrorists. In the future, it surely can be expected that such terrorist attacks will continue. It is up to the organizations to prepare their processes and people…. [read more]


US Patriot Act Term Paper

… U.S. Patriot Act

How the U.S. Patriot Act facilitates foreign intelligence operations

Patriot Act has been helping the FBI with efforts of sharing information. The Act has made significant contributions through its information sharing provisions. The provision of information sharing has formalized the directorate of FBI intelligence. According to the consolidate appropriations of this Act, the FBI has been given the mandate to implement a new intelligence directorate. The necessity for capabilities of intelligence has cut across various programs of the FBI. This has done away with stove piping of information while enabling the FBI to adapt quickly to the changing threats. Experts have projected that this will work on improving the capability of FBI to share intelligence. This is not only between the intelligence…. [read more]


Treason, Terrorism and Wartime Crimes Term Paper

… The responsibility for such transgressions in war lies on the shoulders of organizers, masterminds and collaborators who participate in the preparation or implementation of a general plan or plot to commit any of the mentioned crimes "are criminally responsible for everything done by anyone in carrying out such a plan" ("War Crimes," 2012).

Despite of the fact that war crimes are given significant importance, it is unfortunate that the accountability for war crimes has not done much to stop atrocities.

References

Eichensehr, K.E. (2009). Treason in the Age of Terrorism: An Explanation and Evaluation of Treason's Return in Democratic States. Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 42 (5), 1443+. Retrieved September 20, 2012, from http://www.questia.com/read/1G1-215409561/treason-in-the-age-of-terrorism-an-explanation-and

Lawless, M. (2007). Terrorism: An International Crime. International Journal, 63(1), 139+.…. [read more]

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