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Terrorism Linked to Religion Essay

… The earlier terrorism caused by the military wing of HAMAS was used as a tool to gain political power to achieve their objectives of saving Muslims from oppression and devastation at the hands on Non-Muslims.

The constant evolution of the purposes and actions of such organizations must lead to the question that if Radical Islam and religious domination is not the cause of these attacks then what is the political agenda of terrorists?

Brzezinski presents a simple political explanation in this regard that, "it is the emotional context of felt, observed or historically recounted grievances that shape the fanatic pathology of terrorists and eventually triggers their murderous actions" (Brzezinski 2002). In relation to 9/11 and other attacks against the U.S., he argues, "American involvement in…. [read more]


Against the Patriot Act Term Paper

… It is a fact that the Federal Bureau of investigation already has the power to monitor all telephonic and Internet communications of the suspected individual, and this is within the law, as the law provides for the obtaining of wiretaps on suspected terrorist activities, and for crimes involving terrorists, including aircraft piracy and destruction. However, the underlying problem here is that the FBI can and does misuse the powers granted to them under the anti-terrorist Act and tends to invade the privacy of an ordinary citizen, or maybe a criminal but not a terrorist, and installing wiretaps and other surveillance methods on his communications to the extent that the individual feels invaded and exposed, especially since it is a fact that the law has granted…. [read more]


People Commit Acts of Terrorism? Term Paper

… In these nations, conservative and violent forces (some defined by Islam, others by other religions, still others by ethnicity or other attributes) see the United States as an evil power (Scheer 2002; Schemann 2001). And while the rhetoric against Western nations tends to focus on their association with the modern and either the secular or the Christian, it is difficult not to see in the kind of suicidal madness of terrorist attacks also an envy and a hatred of the Western nations whose people in general have so much when the citizens of so many countries have so little.

As a result of the growing disparities of wealth in the world, along with the increasing degree of corporate globalization, which allows the haves to exploit…. [read more]


Domestic Terrorism America Is Home Essay

… They once destroyed a laboratory in Michigan University because the laboratory was used to create genetically modified organisms funded by Monsanto (Grubbs, 2010). In reality, Monsanto only donated a paltry 2000 USD to send 5 African students to a conference on biotechnology. In their wisdom they have maintained that whatever they did was justified.

The Army of God revels on religious pretexts to harm others. They use violence to discourage abortion and homosexual activities as exemplified in their attacks on gay night clubs and abortion clinics. One of its members, Eric Rudolph, planted a bomb at the 1996 Olympics venue in Atlanta, Georgia. Two people succumbed and whopping 150 others injured. He explained without remorse in 2005 his action was an indictment to the government…. [read more]


USA Patriot Act on Law Research Paper

… The overall prevalence of possible violations was between 7 and 10%, with 90% of the suspected violations representing improper collection of telephone and internet records. The error rate increased substantially to 71.5% when it was discovered that close to 50% of a representative sample of NSLs were issued for non-active investigations.

The original purpose of NSL authority was to be able to react quickly when confronted by an imminent terrorist threat. The data provided by the Inspector General seems to suggest that there was an average of 50,000 instances per year when time was too short to get a proper warrant during a terrorism investigation. This seems like an incredibly high number of close calls. The dubious nature of these NSLs was also called into…. [read more]


Loss of Civil Liberties Due to International Terrorism Research Proposal

… Terrorism and Loss of Civil Liberties

Terrorism and Civil Liberties

The aftermath of September 11 has been a controversial and challenging period for the U.S. Ethnic profiling and speculation without any accountability have undermined the rule of law and overridden civil and constitutional rights of thousands of citizens. The former president's acceptance that Iraqi invasion was a 'terrible mistake' is enough proof of the strategic misadventure of a failed intelligence system backed by emergency terror legislation.

The new millennium brought with it strange developments. On the one side we witnessed unthinkable terrorist plots killing thousands of innocent people on our homeland. On the other hand we saw the adoption of new anti-terror regulations granting unprecedented powers to law enforcers. The new 'preventive paradigm' strategy endorsed…. [read more]


Effects of Terrorism Term Paper

… Terrorism

The Effects of Terrorism on the Global Economy since Sept. 11th

Without question, terrorism has dramatic and significant impacts. The human cost can be high, and the damage can be extensive depending on the target and the method. However, it is unclear to some degree whether or not terrorism has a palpable impact on the global economy. Certainly, there are immediate economic impacts at the site of the terrorist attack and these effects will be felt in that region. However, the degree to which a terrorist attack is capable of impacting the global economy is less certain. Commonsense tells us that major acts of terrorism will impact the global economy, but commonsense is not necessarily the best indicator of financial effects. Rather it is…. [read more]


Define Terrorism Essay

… Terrorism

Defining Terrorism

Environmentalists have differing views and values regarding the sale and use of sports utility vehicles (SUVs), compared to the manufacturers and owners. To the environmentalists, owners of SUVs are polluters, harming the environment for their own enjoyment and pleasure. For the SUV manufacturers there is the argument that the vehicles and by extension the companies, are fully compliant with all legislation. It may also be argued that while some environmental groups may not like SUVs, many consumers do like them, otherwise they would not sell. The SUV owners themselves cite the desire for a large comfortable vehicle that they see as a car, which is provided for by the current commercial environment (Shpritz 1). A significant problem appears to be the way…. [read more]


Private Security and Patriot Act. The U Term Paper

… ¶ … Private Security and Patriot Act. The U.S. Patriot Act of 2001 which was enacted on October 26, 2001, came to be regarded as an important source in the U.S.'s fight against terrorism. Being quickly made into a law in the wake of the 9/11 incident, Congress beefed up the capabilities of the U.S. law enforcement and intelligence communities to fight terrorism on several spheres. The Patriot Act brought about radical changes to a lot of important areas of law. At the core of the Fourth Amendment lies the liberty from needless investigations and arrests. (Lee, 2003) However against this, the Patriot Act widens significantly the extent of government's powers as regards confinement of non-citizens for an indefinite period and to undertake searches, arrests,…. [read more]


How Homeland Security Combats the Financing of Terrorism Research Paper

… Financing Terrorism: America's Unique Position In Blocking Such Efforts

Aside from issues in foreign policy and tense international relations, arguments about oil, and other factors which contributed to 9/11, the destruction of the World Trade Center would not have occurred if there hadn't been entities to back such an attack. While most civilians don't consider the practical and financial issues in connection to terrorism, they are incredibly real and incredibly immediate. Without proper funding, there would be no terrorism. Financial institutions in the United States play a major role in the government's ability to combat these actions.

Harnessing the power of financial institutions has been one tactic that the government has taken to thwart terrorist operatives and the people who back them; in fact the…. [read more]


Patriot Act the USA Term Paper

… Patriot Act

The USA Patriot Act, commonly referred to as the Patriot Act, was signed into law on October 26, 2001 just 45 days after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City (USA Patriot Act). The Act expanded the authority of U.S. law enforcement agencies to investigate and prosecute terrorism (USA Patriot Act). Many of the act's provisions were set to sunset on December 31, 2005 (USA Patriot Act). Given the horrific shock and fear following September 11th, the need for an immediate reponse to terrorism and perhaps the feeling that the Act could be fixed a short-time later because of the sunset clause, the Patriot Act received overwhelming endoresement even though it greatly weakened civil liberties…. [read more]


Combating Future Terrorism the Continuing Research Paper

… , 168). Moreover, Americans should not be startled that so many foreign nations despise that the U.S. created a coup in Iraq, and has assassinated elected leaders in Chile and elsewhere. The point of this article is that terrorism will likely continue to be launched at the U.S. because the U.S. is seen as "the destroyer of indigenous cultural traditions, a unilateral bully in international economic affairs…an ominous threat to the environment, human rights, and worker protection" (Shlapentokh, 168).

How can the U.S. Use Socio-Economic Strategies Against Terrorists

Waszak, J.D.G. (2004). The Obstacles to Suppressing Radical Islamic Terrorist Financing.

Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, 36(2/3), 673-710.

The author Waszak points to the difficulty that U.S. government interests face when trying to cut off…. [read more]


New Factor in Terrorism Compared to the Latin American Urban Philosophy Term Paper

… Terrorism: An Introduction and Refutation of White's Urban Model With Contemporary Islamic Paradigms

According to the author Jonathon R. White, in his text, Terrorism: An Introduction (2002), the Latin American urban philosophy of terrorist urban cells, from the community, directed against the government and the community, dominated the concept of terrorism from about 1960 until the early 1990s. This urban model was a guerrilla model of fighting, called the 'tupamaros' structure by the author, wielded against civilians in an undeclared war against highly public and publicized targets, with fairly specific objectives. This methodology was popularized by the Cuban revolutionaries, and later extended throughout the world, although it retained its popularity in Latin America up to this day. (White, 2002, pp.118 & 121)

Of course, the…. [read more]


Patriot Act After the attacks Term Paper

… During a time of extreme emotional distress by the American public, the government declared that the only way to prevent the possibility of more attacksx was to given back ultimate authority to the government. Since the start of the War on Terror, the American people have turned against the legislation, but the government has not amended the Patriot Act to reflect this attitude. On the contrary, in 2011 President Barack Obama signed an extension to the act, which permits wire-tapping and observation of terrorism suspects. The NSA scandal of 2013 illustrated the ease with which these surveillance measures can be abused.

One of the most worrisome aspects of the act has to do with the First Amendment rights of citizens. News reporters and other members…. [read more]


Domestic Terrorism on Policing Essay

… Within the terrorism arena, the key strength of local agencies clings to their experience in criminal investigation of both individuals and enterprises. Their techniques in investigation create a robust understanding of the extent in which the broad networks of individuals and enterprises link. As a result, the agencies developed a crime-fighting model that is useful in investigations of organized crimes, gangs, and narcotics trafficking enterprises (Innes, 2006). They can picture out the structure, strategies and players involved in terrorist networks. The 9/11 American counterterrorism commission realized the significance of collaboration and integration of law enforcement policies and assets at all levels of government activities. The state and local police personnel thereby have an obligation of collaborating with the federal partners in order to come up…. [read more]


International Terrorism Has Brought With it Destruction Essay

… International terrorism has brought with it destruction, bloodshed, the killing of untold thousands of innocent people, political reprisals and fear. But along with these unconscionable terror-related strategies and tactics, many innocent people of Islamic faith have been erroneously linked to fanatical Muslims merely because of their dress or their place of origin. This paper highlights the ethno-national identity problem that has resulted from the widely disseminated negative publicity created by suicide bombers and other terrorists who claim to share Muslim faith -- but whose violent interpretation of the Qur'an is very different from true believers of the faith -- that have launched attacks based on twisted political sensibilities.

Border Security in the European Union

An article in the European Journal of Migration and Law examines…. [read more]


Terrorism Is a Major Threat Term Paper

… This has effectively deterred the country from harboring those terrorists, and has enticed them to fully cooperate with the United States (NCT, 5)

In addition, the allied forces have used military force within Afghanistan, attacking key elements within terrorist networks within the country. By eliminating certain areas within the network, the military is effectively deterring terrorism by showing dire consequences for any association with a terrorist group. However, since the groups are relatively small, and difficult to find, other deterrents are also needed (Pillar, 11).

The recent attempt to capture Osama Bin Laden within Afghanistan and other countries, and the attempts to capture his allies, uses the deterrent of the intelligence networks. Using international law enforcement and intelligence, terrorists are deterred from traveling internationally in…. [read more]


Terrorism the Schwartz, Dunkel Essay

… 2. Of the types of identity that Schwartz, Dunkel & Waterman (2009) discuss, the most important to the exploitation of weaknesses in terrorist organizations is a social identity variable. Specifically, the authors find that "the belief hat there either is an ongoing or imminent threat to the survival of the ingroup or to the political rights of its members, or a history of persecution at the hands of the outgroup," (p. 546). Interestingly, this very same variable can be applied to Israel and not to Hamas, given that Israel's national security policy is built on the belief of ongoing threat to the country's survival. A closer analysis of Israel from the other side of the lens would show, however, that Israelis do not develop the…. [read more]


International Terrorism and Homeland Security Term Paper

… International Terrorism and Homeland Security

It is a basic principle of government, even in democracies, that when a country faces great danger, it may be necessary to curb some personal liberties to ensure the safety of the country. This has especially been true during times of war. The difficulty has always been that the government may be tempted to go too far. One example of the United States making that mistake would be when they interred nearly all Japanese-Americans living in the United States during World War II. While some may have actually been spies or saboteurs for Japan, the great majority were loyal Americans angry at their country of origin. By today's standards, this event is viewed as going much too far to secure…. [read more]


Terrorism Essay

… S. "let" Israel invade. From this incident came the justification for the formation of Al-Qaeda and its terrorist attacks beginning in the 1990's, of which 9/11 was just a continuation. Interestingly, bin Laden remarked about the Bush administration and the Patriot Act and the "resemblance it bears to the regimes in our countries, half of which are ruled by the military and the other half which are ruled by the sons of kings and presidents (Bin Laden, 2004)." According to bin Laden, it was easy to bait Bush with rumors of Al-Qaeda's plotting overseas. Then, military forces would be sent " in order to make the generals race there to cause America to suffer human, economic, and political losses without their achieving for it anything…. [read more]


Global Terrorism Policy Memo Essay

… Terrorism Memo

Re: Possible rise of terrorism in Japan

Assessment of risk over the next six months and steps needed to mitigate terrorism recruitment (3/11-9/11)

Much of the world has watched in sympathy and respect over the last week as the Japanese people and their government have responded with grace to the triple catastrophe of a 9.0 earthquake, the following tsunami, and the still-ongoing struggle to contain problems at nuclear power plants. However, while there is much to praise in this effort to begin to come to terms with and then recover such a terrible blow from nature, there is also room for concern that the chaos that has naturally resulted will provide a breeding ground for terrorism.

The world's focus on terrorism over the…. [read more]


Constitutional Issues and the U.S. Patriot Act Essay

… ). The judge found that the Patriot Act, "now permits the executive branch of government to conduct surveillance and searches of American citizens without satisfying the probable cause requirements of the Fourth Amendment" and thus as unconstitutional (Judge rules part of the Patriot Act unconstitutional, 2007, NBC.). However, despite this ruling, under the Act, "delayed notice search warrants, or 'sneak-and-peak' warrant" still allow government investigators "to enter an individual's business or dwelling to obtain limited and specific information for an investigation and notifying the individual of the search at a later date" (Reform the Patriot Act, 2011, ACLU).

Defenders of the Act, of course, would counter that because there have been no attacks on U.S. soil of the magnitude of 9/11 then the Act must…. [read more]


America's War on Terrorism Essay

… One of the best results emanating from the attack was that national agencies, once performing in silo, have been compelled to come together and talk. The effort to staunch terrorism, too, has extended to all divisions, however peripheral they are to the issue of terrorism. Departments, such as those of Treasury and justice departments, now include divisions that discuss security and regularly meet together to share their findings and perspectives.

The American War on Terrorism has disgruntled some critics too who claim that the government debt has only exacerbated itself by irrational spending on defense and that money should, too, be distributed to other sectors. Worst of all is the fact that money kept on pouring into defense during one of America's harshest economic eras…. [read more]


Global Terrorism Term Paper

… Terrorism

Global Terrorism Issues

Who: Mike McConnell, the Bush Administration's top intelligence official

What: Political Pressures on McConnell from the White House and Congress

Where: Washington, D.C.

When: August 2007

How: McConnell has been given the role of not only being the top person in charge of intelligence for the executive branch of government (the Bush Administration), but he has been given responsibility for negotiating with Congress for policies Bush wants in place.

Brief Analysis: McConnell, a retired admiral who took over the job of national intelligence in February, 2007, met with Democratic leaders from the House and Senate (in a conference call) to try to reach a compromise over the updated "eavesdropping" legislation ("Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act"), according to an article in the New…. [read more]


Terrorism Term Paper

… For the person heading up the relief effort, the key to this negotiation event is to be calm, low-key, and recognize that the warlord needs to get something in return for letting the trucks through. Simply giving the supplies over to the terrorists would be a big mistake, but some compromise must be approached.

Preemption: George W. Bush, while he was president, used preemption, which the Brookings Institution suggests was not a good idea. "A broad-based doctrine of preemption carries serious risks," the Brookings Institution asserts. In fact elevating the preemptive approach to a "policy doctrine" can bring "negative consequences" because it opens up the image that the U.S. "…is too quick to use military force and to do so outside the bounds of international…. [read more]


Terrorism Be Justified Term Paper

… Self-Defense Argument for Terrorism The self-defense argument for terrorism has been supported by Wilkins and implies that terrorist acts can be used when these are directed towards the oppressing forces, not as tools to intimidate the population or against other terrorists. As a further development of this argument, economic sabotage is probably a good example of self-defense terrorism. Still perceived as terrorist acts, these are nevertheless acts that are directed towards the economic power of the oppressing forces rather than towards individuals or human populations. Wilkins supports the argument according to which the Jews during the Second World War (but also the other occupied populations during the war) were entitled to use terrorist acts as a mean to fight the repression of the Germans. The…. [read more]


Terrorism Coady Notes That it Is Important Term Paper

… Terrorism

Coady notes that it is important to define terrorism because it is necessary to properly address the moral issues surrounding it. He defined terrorism as "the organized use of violence to attack noncombatants or their property for political purposes" (Halwani 2006). Igor Primoratz defines terrorism as "the deliberate use of violence, or threat of its use, against innocent people, with the aim of intimidating some other people into a course of action they otherwise would not take" (Halwani 2006). And Frederick H. Gareau defines terrorism as consisting of "deliberate acts of a physical and/or psychological nature perpetrated on a select group of victims...The overall purpose of terrorism is to intimate and coerce" (Gutierrez 2006). In the March 22, 2002 issue of the Harvard Journal…. [read more]


Local Police and Terrorism Response Research Paper

… This is so because of the political class and public exert a rather clear cut directive in these matters. When, however the scope of work expands into concerns of national threat (terrorism and other intrusive activities) beyond local issues, the local police could be found wanting in their capabilities as the training regarding missing political acumen would largely be felt. The requisite training for combating such incidences is dourly felt.

Preventing and Responding to Terrorism

In this paper the inter-play between the response of the locals to terror incidences and the laws that were promulgated in its wake are being explored in the light of the work done by the Saint Leo University on the core values of Community.

Mutual Aid/Collaboration with Law Enforcement Partners…. [read more]


Media and Terrorism Contemporary Term Paper

… Nacos's analysis brings up some important issues of media self-censorship, and government control of media coverage of terrorist incidents. Certainly, it is tempting to argue that media coverage of terrorist activities should be curbed in order to reduce the terrorist's manipulation of the media. However, this brings up important freedom of speech issues, which are far beyond the scope of this paper to consider.

Scott Stossel's arguments in "Terror TV" mirror Naco's assessment that the dramatic nature of terrorist activities results in widespread media coverage. For example, Stossel argues that terrorists calculated on the striking visual impact of airplanes slamming into the World Trade Center as a way to ensure that their actions would be well-publicized. Certainly, the terrorists were correct in that assessment. The…. [read more]


Research Paper

… Religious Extremism: Radical Islam

Radical Islam is a multifaceted phenomenon, comprising numerous groups and movements that, while related (especially with regard to faith and anti-western mind-set), may embrace very different thoughts on means and objectives. Radical Islam is a politico-religious quest to establish - by violent means if necessary - a society that, as much as possible, tries to adhere to the perceived 'original' Islamic values. This perspective, for the time being, ignores the fact that interpretation of 'perceived 'original' Islamic values' varies among the different Islamic sects, and these sects are also concomitantly 'at war' with one another. Apart from Islamic extremist organizations and movements that focus on Jihad (in terms of armed combat) against western nations, there are other organizations, which mostly concentrate…. [read more]

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