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Theology Pascal's Projected Apologia Essay

… To a certain degree, though, Lash is offering a Christianized version of the conclusion in the modernist philosophy of Wittgenstein: "whereof one cannot speak, thereof one must be silent." Lash implies that, to a certain degree, rhetorical invocations of God among "believers and nonbelievers alike" have cheapened religion, because "speaking appropriately of God is, while not impossible, the most difficult, the most demanding, the most dangerous thing that human speech can do." This fails to distinguish that, of course, for a believer taking the name of God in vain is a sin; for the nonbeliever it is merely a rhetorical tic, which serves to cheapen the sincere rhetoric of believers.

Jonathan Edwards provides in his famous sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"…. [read more]

Theology of Servant Leadership Term Paper

… Theology of Servant Leadership

It came as a surprise to me to learn that servant leadership is not a uniquely Christian concept. Robert Greenleaf, who is credited with creating the modern servant leadership movement, did not approach servant leadership from a Christian perspective, but from a secular one; Greenleaf was inspired by reading Herman Hesse's Journey to the East (Greenleaf, p. 21). To Greenleaf, one could be a servant leader without being Christian, and his inspiration for the notion of servant leadership came from the business community, not from the Bible. Furthermore, servant-leaders put themselves in an enabling role, rather than seeking to dominate or exploit their followers. Rather than looking for honor for themselves, servant-leaders rejoice in honoring others and seeing others honored. Because…. [read more]

Christianity Why Should Christian Theology Essay

… There is a vast range of ways gender bias influences the interpretation of Biblical allegories and themes. The allegories and themes are also influenced by the culture and epoch in which they were first codified. As Rosemary Radford Ruether (1993) points out, "What have been called the objective sources of theology; Scripture and tradition, are themselves codified collective human experience," (p. 12).

Codified tradition is in turn "constantly renewed or discarded through the test of experience," (Reuther, 1993, p. 12). Christian theology does not happen in a vacuum; its development depends directly on historical, cultural, and even psychological and sociological contexts. Queer theology, which is loosely defined as "the place where Christian theology and queer theory meet," also proves the need for context when discussing…. [read more]

Religion / Theology Reaching Out Thesis

… Tunisia is today a country that appears to be open for a spiritual as well as political transition. Tunisia received its independence from France in 1956, but future rulers were authoritarian and corrupt, hence there has been instability in this country of 10.7 million, 98% of whom are Arab and Sunni Muslim (Bishku, 2013, 57). There are four "distinct ethnic groups" in Tunisia: Arabs, Berbers, "dark-skinned people of sub-Saharan origin, and Jews" (Ennafaa, et. Al, 2006). The economy in Tunisia had been forecast to experience 5.4% growth; however the finance minister (Jalloul Ayed) announced a new forecast of just 1% growth, hence the need for a revitalized government approach to the economy (Maddy-Weitzman).

Women's rights have been part of the basis for the Arab uprisings…. [read more]

Composition Project Essay

… ¶ … History in All This? Poetry, Literature & Film

The main intention of the assignment at hand is to propose a film that bridges some of the texts I find intriguing with my own family history. "The Passion of Joshua the Jew" coincides with my Jewish and Spanish heritage. Joshua was on of the many Spanish Jews forced into exile from the country just before the turn of the 16th century. My ancestors were additionally a part of this group. The two texts from the course upon which my proposal will focus are Geography III by Elizabeth Bishop and Speak, Memory by Vladamir Nabokov. Based on the family history I could secure through some independent research, the film I propose to study and analysis…. [read more]

Laramie Project Was Started Essay

… Shepard's death is and largely ignored despite it grotesque character. Baldock wishes the enormity of the event to come across and the actors' convincing performance succeeds in it doing so.

The play concludes with a Camus like touch with the moving brief scene of the courtroom indicating that essentially it is the entire town that is on verdict rather then the men alone. This reminds me of the Deuteronomy prescription that if a man's body is found between two towns, both neighboring towns must bring sacrifices for the inhabitants of both towns are responsible for not seeing that the wayfarer (traveling between the two towns) was adequately protected. The murderers came from Laramie. The town may have not known about their act, but the fact…. [read more]

Theology Missiology Term Paper

… Global Changes in the Missiology of the 20th Century


A Paradigm Shift

The Early Church

The Modern Church

Correcting Edinburgh Explored

Formation of International Missionary Council (IMC)

Confusion Abounds

Response of Fundamentalist & Evangelical Movements

Problems Between and Among Evangelicals & Ecumenists

The Present View


The aim of this study is to examine the influential ideas that shaped mission thinking over the last century. This work will seek to point out to some theological differences and emphases represented by the various confessional groups such as evangelicals, ecumenical and Eastern Orthodox Church. At the same time it will seek to identify points of convergence in missionary thinking developed in the course of 20th Century that go…. [read more]

Theology -- Youth Essay

… d. How would one go about creating an environment where youth can learn and be transformed?

If there is a chronological first step to creating an environment where youth can learn and be transformed, it consists of the teacher's realization that he/she is a lifelong student who is also in need of healing and discipline. Rather than blaming the educational system for the current crisis, the teacher must realize that the institution projects whatever is occurring in the human heart (Palmer 107). Therefore, starting with the teacher's own human heart, he/she must discipline himself/herself with "spiritual formation that teaches obedience to the truth" (Palmer 107). Within the educational setting, the teacher must both learn and teach: the humility of listening to ourselves and to each…. [read more]

Bible Prophets: Significance and Theology PhD Model Answer

… The Israelites had to come to term with their previous exile, and creating a new community based upon moral values. The book of Malachi is particularly concerned with the failed promises of the return to exile, given the lack of a true Messiah to lead the Israelites. There is also the conflict between those who remained on the land and those who returned, and the rights of former exiles.

Q6. Jerusalem as Focal Point. Israel’s major prophets were all concerned with the fate of the nation’s political and religious center, the city of Jerusalem, particularly in times when the safety of the city was threatened. Compare and contrast the different responses different prophets within their respective historical circumstances. In the course of your answer…. [read more]

Theology the Theological Message Research Paper

… But at the end of all effort, he saw that everything he had achieved was only vanity and of no profit to him. He realized that he could not gain more, spend more, collect more, carouse more or sin more but pleasure cannot guarantee meaning in life (Krell, HBCNYC 2011).


Through his use of wisdom in the pursuit of the meaningful life and lasting happiness, Solomon found two important principles (Krell 2008). The wise man and the fool both die. The wise man and the fool are both soon forgotten. The total of all knowledge, progress and technology does not necessarily make life richer. Many people are still unhappy despite their possessions. For his part, Solomon, at first, thought that the wise man had…. [read more]

Handbook for Doctor of Ministry Book Report

… The other key factor discussed in Davies book is how to research and carry out different activities to aid in the research, data analysis and writing. The activities include creating tables to be used in asking questions, research variables, content analysis, standards and procedures for research and reducing ambiguity in questions and writing. The book is helpful in the development of thesis; it offers more assistance to theology students because it is in their genre and applicable examples are provided. [footnoteRef:8] Different concrete examples provided are helpful to anyone who is writing a thesis. He recommends thesis evaluation and back bone thesis evaluation. He gives thesis procedure, what should be included and not and, also gives further references, which can be useful in the readers…. [read more]

Moral Theology Term Paper

… Moral Theology

In today's economically driven world where the placement of focus and personal achievement is determined by the size of one's bank account or net worth, churches and theologians have had to come to issue with how one can balance a traditionally moral life in today's often immoral world. Out of this struggle arose the theories of economic justice and financial responsibility. The essence of these combinations is to bring traditional moral values into economics, thus allowing one to live a moral life through the proper use of their wealth.

Yet even within this basic idea of coordinating morals with wealth arise questions of morals. For instance, using one's personal financial success to assist those who are less fortunate is, at least at first…. [read more]

Bible Role & Characteristics of God's Angels Essay

Angels of the Lord

Chapter 3: Angels

Angels have been used by God to accomplish his purposes and to assist his people throughout history both recorded and unrecorded history. Angels are mentioned 273 times in the scripture and in 33 of the 66 books of the Bible. (Fruchtenbaum, nd) Angels are mentioned in the Gospels and for instance in the book of Matthew 16:27 where it states as follows:

"For the Son of Man shall come in the glory of his Father with His angels, and then he shall reward each one according to his works."

The Book of Acts in chapter 7: 52-53 states as follows:

"Which of the prophets did your fathers not persecute? And they killed…. [read more]

Experiencing Art in Person Essay

… People clapped, sang along with some of the songs and cheered. There was an almost 'revival'-like atmosphere as the cast interacted with members of the audience and made them feel as if they were part of the show. I had never been to such an interactive theater experience. Even I walked out of the theater feeling light at heart and full of joy, not quite knowing what to expect from the experience and coming with no preconceived notions about the play. The design of the production, with its lack of a 'wall' between audience and singers made me feel as if I was part of an experience, rather than merely watching a play as a passive observer.

One link that was useful in understanding the…. [read more]

Architect Three Byzantine Building Projects Hagia Irene Essay

… Architect

Three Byzantine Building Projects

Hagia Irene (ca. fourth century AD)

The Hagia Irene was originally constructed as a church during Byzantine times, and is widely believed to have been built during the fourth century A.D. The religious denomination of the church was eastern orthodox, and it stands in the perimeter of the courtyard of Topkapi Palace in modern day Istanbul, Turkey. Of particular importance regarding the history of this religious building is the fact that it is believed to be the first church which was erected in Constantinople, which would have a large deal of significance in regards to the early dissemination of Christianity which would become embraced during this epoch. Constantine I commissioned the construction of this temple during his tenure as Roman…. [read more]

Pentecostal Christian Indian Challenges Research Paper

… Indeed, Christianity can even be regarded as an Asian religion and St. Thomas and/or St. Bartholomew were the founders of Indian Christianity.[footnoteRef:13] Notwithstanding their status as relatively miniscule minorities in the northeast, the historic positive influence of Pentecostals has been significant, especially in the fields of healthcare, social services and education.[footnoteRef:14] [13: Peter C. Phan, Christianities in Asia. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 4.] [14: Phan, 4.]

While the numbers of Pentecostals in northeast India has increased significantly in recent years, especially among marginalized ethnic groups, their presence actually dates back more than three centuries as shown in the timeline set forth in Table 1 below.

Table 1

Timeline of historical growth of Pentecostalism in northeast India

Time Period

Description…. [read more]

concise Analysis of Scientology Essay

… Some influence methods which attract and retain individuals in through reform settings are: the mystery-miracle-authority triad; stating every individual suffering arises from misunderstanding, casual suspicion, or misuse of the unfailing teachings of the cult; stimulating sensory overload and deprivation, visualization and guided imagery, and trance induction by means of slogan/phrase repetition; branding non-members as non-persons with hardly any value, and controlling the cult's environment (cult members are not allowed to integrate internal contemplation with external information which is necessary for testing the environment's realities and maintaining a sense of identity independent of the group) (THOUGHT CONTROL AND SCIENTOLOGY, n.d.).


Klaber, L., Constable, S., Rakauskas, M., & Shuler, Z. (2014, March 11). Persuasion and The Church of Scientology. Retrieved from Social Psychology / Miami University:…. [read more]

concise Analysis of Alexander the Great Research Paper

… They were proud of themselves and could not submit to Alexander's ideas. To this day, people who live in that area are still proud; no wonder that the national authority is finding it difficult to maintain national authority in that part of the world.

Alexander the Great opted to relocate his troops to the northern part of the mountain as they were directed by the locals. His attempt to move the catapults in strategic places was hindered by the steep ravine. To fill the gap, an earthen was constructed so as to allow easy movement of the machines within the area. This was countered by the defenders who instead rolled large stones down the mountain so as to slow down the construction work that was…. [read more]

John Jewell the 16th Century Essay

… His views were that the Roman Catholic Church had lost its way in professing such beliefs and that the process of Reformation that resulted in the founding of the Church of England. Jewell argued that the Church of England was the true Church and was actually the restoration of the true church. The basis of Jewell's argument that the Church of England was that church authority should not be based on ideas of succession as the Roman Catholic Church claimed but on the whether a church followed the Word of God. In Jewell's opinion the fact that Roman Catholic Church based its authority on its direct succession from St. Peter was insignificant and the fact that the Church of England had followed the Word of…. [read more]

Probability Counting Stories Project Book Report

… ¶ … tale of Hansel and Gretel

Once upon a time, there was an honest woodcutter with two children named Hansel and Gretel. The woodcutter told the children that if it was a mild winter, many people would not want to buy logs and kindling, and the family income would very likely decrease. Sure enough, there was no snow, and few people needed wood for their fireplaces. Given that the demand for firewood was dependent upon the probability of a warm winter, the little family grew hungrier and hungrier. Despite the desperation of the family, the woodcutter remarried. The children's stepmother was wicked and jealous. "See reason," she told the woodcutter. "Our survival and the children's are mutually exclusive events. We can make enough money…. [read more]

Gc Berkouwer Thesis

… G.C. Berkouwer

Brief Biographical Sketch

Gerrit Cornelis Berkouwer born in 1903, in Amsterdam, was a Dutch Reformed theologian. He grew up in a devoutly practiced Reformed Christian home and began and completed his theological training at the famous Free University of Amsterdam, receiving his PhD in 1932. He held pastorates in the province of Friesland and then in Amsterdam, itself. He then began teaching at the Free University of Amsterdam in 1940 and in 1945 was appointed the Chair of Dogmatics and held such position until he retired in 1973. (Elwell 151) it was during this early period of his carrrer at the Fre University that he concurrently became involved in the Gereformeerde Kerken in Nederland (GKN) and held the position of president of the…. [read more]

Historical Jesus Term Paper

… ¶ … Jesus

In looking to find the historical Jesus, the best source - the only source - are the Synoptic Gospels of the Bible. The "Synoptic" Gospels means that these are books, stories that can stand collectively because of their interrelationship with one another (Nickle, Keith F., 1980). This means that the Gospels are, for the most part, closely related in the expression of their theological views and in the telling of certain events the writer experienced during the life of Jesus; except for the Gospel of John (Nickle, 1980). The Gospel of John is the only "sanctioned" Gnostic Gospel in the New Testament (Brown, Raymond E., 1979). The Gospel of John stands apart from the Gospels of Mark and Luke, and appears to…. [read more]

Shepherd in Early Christian Church: Pastor, Elder Research Paper

… Brief consideration of the Book of Acts and the Book of Luke illustrates a parallel telling of the continuation of history that began in the Gospels. Two facets of the same story are told in the Luke-Acts writings. Of this two-part composition, Constable wrote, "Whereas Luke's Gospel focuses on the vertical universalization of the gospel (up and down the social scale). Acts focuses on its horizontal universalization (from Jerusalem to the uttermost parts of the world)."[footnoteRef:28],[footnoteRef:29] In reference to the same dynamics, the terms elder and overseer appear connected the vertical growth of the Jesus Christ's Church, which was manifested in part through a co-optation of the traditional religious roles that existed before the establishment of His Church. In the same manner, the roles of…. [read more]

Intellectual and Philosophical Roots of William Miller's Hermeneutics an Analysis and Assessment Term Paper


The objective of this work is to examine the development of Seventh-day Adventist Theology and will do so through an extensive review of literature in this area of study.

Hermeneutics is defined as "the science or study of interpretation" which is said to derive "from the Greek word for interpret." (Andrews, 2007) Millerism is described in the work entitled: "Theological Context in which Adventism was Born Millerism" as "The top root of Adventism..." (2008) Miller held that the Bible "is a system of revealed truths, so clearly and simply given, that the wayfaring man, though a fool, need not err therein." (Apology and Defense: Prophecy Schools of Interpretation as cited in Andrews, 2007)…. [read more]

Missionaries in the Mission Field Term Paper

… Missionaries in the Amazon

Missionaries in the Mission Field

Synopsis, with overview of story and approach:

The project that is planned is a 30-minute videotape, showing the rationale and activities of a Korean-American Missionary, Chang Don Tuc, and his family, who are reaching out to the indigenous people in the Amazon River jungles in South America. These tribes have been known to be cannibals, but past missionaries have made inroads into their lives of fear and hatred, which at one time had driven them to murder and make trophies (by shrinking the heads) of their enemies. It has been a long, hard road, which included the murder of two missionaries, to arrive at this better and more optimistic era in the history of their tribe,…. [read more]

Health Care Provider and Faith Essay

… This creates a documented association between hope and such important institutions as politics, philosophy and religion.

To this end, the Bible makes numerous references to the concept and importance of hope. An oft-quoted passage provides that there are "three things that last forever-faith, hope, and love." (1 Corinthians 13:13, New Living Translation). The point to the close association between hope and these other crucial dynamics of human sentiment. Somewhat less immediately straightforward is another verse describing hope, which conjectures, "but hope that is seen is no hope at all. Who hopes for what he already has? But if we hope for what we do not yet have, we wait for it patiently" (Romans 8: 24-25, New International Version). In the context of healing, bringing this…. [read more]

Religion the Church of Scientology Essay

… In particular, I think there is a distinct point of comparison -- the sacramental importance of the Confessional in Catholicism and the practice of Scientology "auditing" as devised by L. Ron Hubbard -- which not only raises interesting issues of likeness, but which can also raise troubling questions about the true nature of religion, in which I will attempt to apply an updated version of the chief Reformation-era critiques of Catholicism, such as Luther's, into a critique of the "new religious movement" Scientology.

Hubbard's bizarre cosmology is, of course, only revealed to the upper echelons of the initiated, but it involves a sort of space-opera explanation for how human bodies are actually composed of billions of impressionable spiritual bodies of an alien race called "Thetans."…. [read more]

Holy Spirit in the Old Testament Thesis

… ¶ … Holy Spirit in the Old Testament

an overview of theological perspectives.

In some of the pneumatological literature a distinction is made between the Holy Spirit in the New Testament and the Sprit of God in the Old Testament. The New Testament associates the Holy Spirit with the religious structure and the meaning of the Holy Trinity. The also refers to the new covenant with God in the New Testament and the fulfillment of this covenant through Jesus Christ, "The old covenant made clear proclamation of the Father, a less definite one of the Son. The new [covenant] made the Son manifest and gave us a glimpse of the Spirit's Godhead.

The question of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament is a matter…. [read more]

Rastafarianism the Meaning Term Paper

… Rastafarianism

The meaning of Rastafarianism is largely dependent on the understanding of the historical as well as the cultural and social aspects that have influenced the rise of this movement. The Rastafarian faith is one which is deeply intertwined with social and cultural dissatisfaction and the search for an identity and consciousness that was particular to disenfranchised and dispossessed Black people. The roots of Rastafarianism also are deeply connected with the symbolism and the example of Ethiopia and the figure of Haile Selassie.

Rastafarianism therefore should be seen in the context not only of historical and social events and the search for freedom from oppression among the people of Jamaica, but also as an expression of the human search for religious meaning and cultural identity.…. [read more]

Is God in Christianity Personal? Term Paper

… God and Human Relations

God was clearly involved in His people's lives. He reveals himself in many important ways throughout the scripture to his people. We will list a number of ways in which God revealed himself to His people and showed that he was personal. First, with a general belief in the gospels, we accept our Lord's teachings that the authors of both the New and the Old Testaments were guided by God. That prophecies were fulfilled is another clear indication that God is involved in the human history process. God predicts the future and also sees the fulfillment of such prophecies. God's miracle works in history is another example of his intervention. The crossing of the Red Sea (Ex14) or the confrontation involving…. [read more]

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