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Social Work Policy Analysis Term Paper

… Social Work Policy Analysis

The accepted social policies of our present day are based on the themes, values and goals that citizens support for humane changes in policy toward a renaissance of government activism. In the words of David Gil, "Through lobbying, communities or citizens can often effect changes and new developments to social policy, which meet their needs on both the community level and the individual level (Gil, 1992)." In the past few years the topic of physician-assisted suicide and the right to die statutes have emerged as a growing concern among medical professionals, citizens, and government officials alike. One such statute, the Oregon Death with Dignity Act, which allows physicians to write prescriptions for a lethal dosage of medication to people with illness,…. [read more]


Social Equity Is a Key White Paper

… In addition, public administration has the duty of burdening the responsibility of creating and maintaining a commonwealth. However, in practice the relationship between citizenry and administrators is complex, making matters of government operation, citizen engagement, and design in administration complex (Candler & Dumont, 2010). This is the result of a global phenomenon, which has led to the creation of the concept of direct citizenry engagement. The need for local responsibility is a challenge for the administrator to create citizenry engagement for some administrative functions, like security. However, these remains a challenge for leaders as national integrated systems of administration are in the way of future governance.

2.2 Analysis of Theories of the Conference

2.2.1 Public Administration Leadership

Leadership in public administration entails the "exercise of…. [read more]


Social Control Theory Term Paper

… Social Control Theory

All control theories play on the theme that deviance is mainly a function of the kinds of constraints to which people are exposed. The most well-known specific theory of this genre is Travis Hirschi's revised theory of social control (1969). It contends that everybody is motivated toward deviance, but only those who are relatively free of the bonds of commitment to, and belief in, the conventional order, attachment to others, and involvement with conventional institutions of society actually manifest their deviant motivation in unacceptable behavior.

Following especially the work of Emile Durkheim, control theorists argue that individuals are freed to commit crime when their ties to the conventional social order are weak or broken. In the late 1800s, Durkheim concluded, "The more…. [read more]


Social Work What Does the 'Partisan Mind Term Paper

… Social Work

What does the 'Partisan Mind' suggest about social work practice, social workers, and the Code of Ethics?

The occupation of social work evolved through the endeavors to address the person-environment relationship in the service of enhancing peoples' lives and assist in the transformation and growth through skilled interventions. The driving forces of Social work are helping needy members of society, improving the welfare of people within their social framework, and addressing the interests of the whole society. By concurrently addressing both the person and the environment, social work is very comprehensive in its approach. It is this context of inclusiveness that makes it becomes challenging to elucidate (National Association and Social Workers, 2008). Even though, social work essentially struggled for a comprehensive integrative…. [read more]


Social Security Since Its Inception Term Paper

… Currently, financial analysts advise younger people that they can no longer depend on Social Security benefits for their retirement. Instead, they need to provide for at least half of their retirement income on their own.

Social Security Crisis

While estimates regarding the year vary, most experts agree that the Social Security funds will face a cash deficit in the foreseeable future. The large number of baby boomers who are expected to retire starting 2008 will serve to add large numbers of beneficiaries while removing a significant proportion of workers who currently pay FICA contributions. This problem will be worsened by the decrease in the number of new workers, since most baby boomers had smaller families the generation preceding them. As a result of these two…. [read more]


Health Behavior the "Theories Term Paper

… The detailed study of the problem and related factors in the light of particular settings help the experts to design interventions accordingly. The intervention is in the form of policy, strategy and program that can have an impact over physical activity. The development of the intervention, its implementation and finally the evaluation depend largely upon the used model or framework (NCI, 2011).

Not all individuals take part in physical activities. There are many policies, social and physical environmental variables which determine an individual's habit of participating in physical activity. The change in habit is possible through change in these environmental factors. If environment does not support change, habits will remain the same. In order to increase physical activity, the need is to work upon individual's…. [read more]


Social Policy and Economic Policy? Essay

… This, in turn, will be elevating for the economy.

Keynesianism goals are several:

1. Economic spending - where increase of ability spend boosts earnings in others. This in turn has a positive effect on the economy and encourages competition which stimulates innovation and leads to increase in employment.

2. Greater government investment in economy -- This promotes public spending and serves as model example. Government should invest and introduce incentives as well as engage in government spending in order to encourage people to spend.

If the government has little money at the moment, it should borrow money in order to boost demand by pushing money into the economy. The government can repay once the economy has stabilized.

Private investors too should be encouraged to contribute…. [read more]


Policy From the Department Essay

… And that point is additionally important -- it would not simply punish the offender, or provide for better care or learning by the children of offenders. One possible repercussion from the implementation of such a policy is that survivors of domestic violence would have yet another reason to not turn in their partner, or testify against them. Thus, this policy, based on its potential ramifications, is not ethical.

There are several potential impacts on all those involved in the above situation. First, the welfare of the child, as has been explored above. Removal from the family home could have serious impacts on a child. It breaks up families, a fundamental unit of society. It could place a tremendous burden on the foster care system. It…. [read more]


Social Warfare Essay

… Social Work and Welfare

The fundamental nature of social control can be associated with persuasions over what people are concerned about; what their principles are, and what's imperative to them. Systems of social control have advanced as a mixture of evolutionary human qualities, institutional arrangements, and absolute conspiratorial maneuverings. Truth advancers are devoted to tearing down social control, reaching for true personal liberty, and promoting others to do the same (Social Control, 2007).

The social work occupation encourages societal alteration, trouble resolving in human associations and the empowerment and freedom of individuals to improve happiness. Using theories of human behavior and social systems, social work intercedes at the positions where individuals cooperate with their surroundings. Standards of human rights and social righteousness are essential to…. [read more]


Robert K. Merton's Anomie and Social Strain Theory Article Review

… Social Strain

Robert K. Merton's Social Strain Theory: Twentieth Century Developments and Adjustments to Theory

Though crime and prisons have existed in one form or another for many millennia of human history -- indeed, since at least the dawn of recorded history and probably since long before then -- these elements of society were not made the focus of specific study or examination until the nineteenth century. Since that time, there have been many differing explanations proffered for why crime exists and how prison and penal systems can best be designed so as to effectively dissuade criminal behaviors through punitive measures and/or the rehabilitative of criminals once they have been imprisoned. Some theorists place the blame for criminal acts solely on the individual criminal, while…. [read more]


Has Strongly Influenced U.S. Social Article Review

… I am against privatization and social services because its existence will limit the benefits of the services to the hands of few individuals or organizations. The services will not reach all people because payments will be made before the service delivery. In the end, only the financially stable people will get the services while the poor will not.

Voluntary Sector Worksheet

Explain and discuss the argument that government should deploy only "safety net" social programs as a last resort.

The government should provide safety nets as the last resort because the residents or the beneficiaries of the programs will be reluctant waiting for the safety nets if they offer them regularly. The safety nets include subsidized food prices, conditional cash transfers, fee waivers in schools…. [read more]


Policy Studies Term Paper

… For developing consistent policies, it is also important to relate them to general principles of evaluation. In order to develop policies with maximum possible output, tradeoffs between conflicting aspects have to be made. Such tradeoffs can often be made by means of a cost-benefit analysis.

The knowledge pertaining to policy analysis is primarily drawn from the social sciences. However, the knowledge necessary for effective policy analysis is not derived from any particular discipline of social science. It draws its problems from the realm of actions, rather than the questions asked by particular disciplines. (Duncan) This is the reason that the process of policy analysis involves various disciplines rather than a single logical subject. The disciplines considered while conducting a policy analysis might include economics, political…. [read more]


Impact of Social Media on the Advertising Competitiveness of Small Businesses Multiple Chapters

… ¶ … Social Media on the Advertising Competitiveness of Small Businesses

Limitation and Delimitation

Significance

Results and Major Findings

Tactics

Word of Mouth

Communicating with Customers

Considerations

Implications of Study in Organization

Attracting New Customers Right When They want to Make a Purchase

Helps Businesses Engage their Customers

Helps the Organization to Outsmart their Competition

Enables an Organization to Offer a Range of Incentives

Few other Outcomes

Understand the value of social media on your brand and your solutions and how to measure it

Align your company in ways that best engage your buyers and subsequently allow you to deliver value

Understand that value in today's social media dominated world is not an event, but a collection of ongoing relationships

References

Introduction

Nowadays, marketing has…. [read more]


Theory and Context: Institutional Choice Essay

… However, the role that bureaucracies play as organizations is not well examined from that specific view which is one that is reported to "run counter to principal-agent relationships that must be predicated on a zone of acceptable behavior between such parties." (Meier, 2003) Meier states that what is needed are models that give consideration to the "utility functions of politicians and bureaucratic agencies without relegating the latter to a constraint on the optimization problem facing the former." (2003) Moe notes the fact that the "…norm of reciprocity within Congress are not products of explicit choice but have emerged informally over time through repeated interaction and adaptive adjustment among participants." (2011, p.215)

Conclusion

From the literature reviewed in this brief study it is clear that there…. [read more]


Social Dimensions of Crime the Articles Try Research Paper

… Social Dimensions of Crime

The articles try to attempt to give explanations why people commit crime. All articles have in common that the authors regard demographic and social and socio-economic factors, such as living in a certain neighborhood or being member of a certain social class or lack of social organization or social cohesion very likely to induce people commit crime. The relationship between "social class" and "crime rates" as discussed by the (unnamed) author of the first article is a centerpiece of all articles. With the exception of the article of Markowitz & Bellair & Liska using a British Crime Survey, all other authors focus on empirical data derived from research on the situation in the U.S. The authors of three articles -- Flango…. [read more]


Indigenous Australians: Social Issues and Policy Essay

… An Examination of Indigenous Australians' Social Issues and Policy

Introduction

The Indigenous population at the time of European settlement is estimated to have been at least 750,000.  In the years that followed, the this population declined significantly as a result of increased mortality and reduced fertility, and by the 1930s the total Australian Indigenous population was estimated to be only 20 per cent of its original size.  Following a referendum in 1967, the Australian Constitution was altered to allow the Commonwealth Parliament to make laws with respect to Aboriginal people, and to include them in national censuses, from which they had been largely absent.  In the 2006 census, 455,031 people identified themselves as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander, comprising 2.3 per cent of…. [read more]


Social Psychology View: What Ensures Term Paper

… Oftentimes, however, these problems are exacerbated by their status as minorities who have less socio-economic power and hegemony than Caucasian women do and incur negative stereotypes as a result (Lott and Saxon, 2002, p. 482). Additionally, "Minorities tend to be concentrated in lower paying occupations or in the lower grades of higher occupations" (U.S. Merit, 2009, p. viii). Within the corporate environment, however, it is worth noting that by virtue of their gender, virtually all women are minorities. Those belonging to historical minority groups, then, may be marginalized due to the fact that they have a double minority status. There is evidence that shows that the effects of this fact may be considerably noxious to these women. For instance, a study conducted by Mascaro et…. [read more]


Criminology Theories and Theorists Essay

… "According to the original strain theory, an increase in aspirations and a decrease in expectations should lead to an increase in delinquency; however, this was not found to be the case (Agnew, 1985:152). Also, the original strain theory predicted a concentration of delinquent behavior in the lower class, but research proved that delinquency was also common in the middle and upper classes" (Robert Agnew's general strain theory, 2013, FSU). Agnew criticized earlier strain theorists for focusing too much on economic conditions, pointing out that was only one source of strain. Agnew conceptualized strain as more internally driven: it was not only the fact that society was unfair, but also how the criminal perceived his or her circumstances.

"There are three major types of strain according…. [read more]


Capitalism and Socialism Essay

… A firm's employment of wage-laborers reserves most of the person's energy and attention for the firm. Such employment also ties the person's perceived quality of life to the person's alignment with the firm's objective, profit-maximization, and cooperation with the firm's directives. The dominance of economic institutions have actually been intensified, instead of diminished, by technology because technological advances allow smaller firms to reach levels of efficiency previously achieved by only the largest firms, resulting in an even fiercer competition for profits.

Meanwhile, religious institutions have continued to decline because of they lack the rationality that economic institutions provide. A person can experience the benefits of compliance with a firm's directives immediately and reliably through wages or promotion. However, a person cannot be sure that she…. [read more]


Theory Free Market Fairness Essay

… Free Market Fairness would provide more economic freedom and work to balance social injustices in countries with excessive amounts of sweatshop labor and other forms of exploitative labor. The effects of economic inequality and unfair wealth distribution are not only economic in nature; they are also social:

"It's not just wealth. In 2007, U.S. income inequality hit its highest mark since just ahead of the Great Depression in 1929. And that was before the current recession brought joblessness and financial peril to scores of Americans, most of whom are on the wrong side of the wealth divide. According to the CIA's World Factbook, the United States now ranks 39th in the world when it comes to income inequality. What that means is that only 38…. [read more]


Social Responsibility Is an Ethical or Philosophical Term Paper

… Social responsibility is an ethical or philosophical hypothesis that a unit whether it is an administration, business, company or individual has a job for the people around them. This responsibility can be negative in that it is a duty to desist from an act or it can be helpful which means that there is a duty to act. Whereas mostly connected with organization and lawmaking performance, many liberal groups and local public can also be linked with social responsibility, not only organization or lawmaking individuals.

There is a huge dissimilarity in the methods and responsibilities of various individuals to perform their alleged responsibility. This would entail various entities that have different tasks such as many states should make sure the social rights of their people,…. [read more]


Social Problem Resolution Essay

… The second way that National Organization for Victim Assistance deals with this social problem is through programs that focus on victims of crisis. Similar to crime victim initiative, programs for victims of crisis addresses the psychological trauma emanating from experiencing such situation. During this process, the organization tries to identify common reactions and uncommon reactions to the situation. Once the type of reaction has been identified, appropriate measures are developed and established to focus on coping with physical health and abilities, spiritual connections, emotional and mental ability, and family and community support. In cases where the trauma reaction persists to an extent that it hinders coping and functioning, the organization refers the victim to mental health institutions and professionals.

The sociological concept used by National…. [read more]


Policy and Practice in Social Service Organizations Agency Descriptions Agency Change Term Paper

… Policy and Practice in social service organizations/Agency descriptions/Agency Change

This is an analysis of the social service organization -- Alternatives to Domestic Violence, P.O. Box 910, Riverside, CA 92502. This organization suits this investigation and its mission statement and activities can be studied as a model for the management of the social service organization and the changes and functional disparities that are found in such organizations that need be corrected. A sample study of this organization therefore will point out the commonalities for all these types of organization and combined with the other researcher's findings on these types of organizations it is possible to postulate a hypothesis about the efficacy of the current practices adopted and the future as it ought to be.

§ Name…. [read more]


Social Mobility Research Proposal

… Social Mobility

INTRODUCTION and PURPOSE

In conducting any type of study, the researcher chooses his or her topic for a variety of reasons. In addition to personal interest, academic viability and applicability is also an important consideration for the choice of topic. According to Marshall and Rossman (p. 27), for example, qualitative research can generally be inspired by a sense of "curiosity," which is in turn inspired by observations of the world as related to existing theory about a phenomenon.

The purpose of this study is then to research the possibility of social mobility among various social classes. The question that is proposed for the purpose of this study is to investigate whether social mobility indeed exists, and if it does, to investigate factors that…. [read more]


Social Problems 8489 Three Essay

… Social Problems 8489

Three Problems in the United States of America which are derived from Population Growth

Whenever there is a discussion regarding population issues, a majority of people talk about Africa and Asia. However, it is necessary to understand that the United States of America is also challenged with this significant problem of negative population growth. According to the observers, population growth in USA is not only damaging the planet and causing resources' depletion but the Americans (more or less 275 million in number) are creating a massive impact on environment as compared to the Chinese or Indians who have crossed the bar of billion. If truth be told, despite the fact that America is the wealthiest and most powerful country in the world;…. [read more]


Social Biases Essay

… Social Biases: A Continuing Societal Dilemma

In most societies, discrimination is frowned but continues to be practiced, whether intentionally or unintentionally, directly or indirectly. Stereotyping and prejudice, as well, remain a societal concern; though these have diminished to a significant degree according to social scientists.

Social biases are like a thing of the past that is now embedded in our culture and we have grown to it. According to Mandel (2009), the history of America for example, in which the battle against slavery became a bloody chapter, influences why prejudice and discrimination is still persistent in America. Mandel points out: "On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln abolished slavery, but African-Americans continued to suffer from discrimination well into the 20th century until the Civil Rights…. [read more]


Social Enterprise Essay

… As transformational leaders are able to deal with and handle the complex problems of a constantly changing world; Professor Yunus has dealt with all the challenges and uncertainties that hurdled his way towards success. His visionary attitude made him to dream and this ability ultimately made him triumphant in translating those dreams by sharing them with others (Marshall 2011).

As far as Grameen Bank is concerned, it turned out to be a success for a number of reasons. Firstly, Muhammad Yunus constructed a vision for it and created a distinctive image regarding the culture of this mentioned organization. He then intelligently defined the philosophy of Grameen Bank by precisely stating the vision he had in his mind and developed such programs and strategies that harmonized…. [read more]


Social Order and Inequalities Essay

… Expression of masculinity has been linked to ideas regarding work and citizenship. Some of the patriarchal states have been involved in scaling and clawing back their social policies relative to the women's disadvantage. Therefore women remain to face resistance into meaningful positions of power within administrations, institutions, as well as in the political system and communities.

Social class between ethnic groups in a society has brought racial inequality. It comes in different ways such as because of the individual's place of origin or culture, skin color and other physical characteristics. Unequal opportunities and treatment between racial formations tend to be the reasons why some ethnic groups feel that they are superior to the rest of the people. Since Jane is from lower social class she…. [read more]


Social Justice and the Gospel Essay

… Over the last three to four decades, the global landscape has changed to embrace a process called globalism. Globalism is a key change in that economic, political and cultural movements throughout the world move closer together as a result of economic cooperation and communication. Globalization has shrunk many aspects of the world that prevented social justice in the past. The Internet is available almost everywhere, the news media accesses even the darkest regions or states, and it has transformed the way culture, society, and the economy work in the modern era. The world is richer than ever, communicates more, trades more, and cooperates more than ever. To date, the most robust paradigm of globalization has been the way many countries are integrating themselves with each…. [read more]


Social Networks on Society Thesis

… The rising up of the oppressed people in Egypt is a case in point with their Arab Spring revolution that completed re-defined their political climate and is now re-ordering their economic system as well (June, 2011). Social networks are a very potent platform for completely re-ordering the political and social fabric of nations, in addition to creating an entirely new dimension to economies. All of these changes are occurring in Egypt and Libya in large part due to social networks being a very powerful and potent tool in the hands of revolutionaries seeking to topple oppressive regimes. The power of social networks to re-order the political landscape of nations and regions is readily evident and will continue to be a potent force regimes who had…. [read more]

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