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Tolstoy and Chekhov Death Essay

… The man is even able to recall having a daughter that died, something that Marfa mentioned on her deathbed but of which Yakov had no memory. In facing his death, Yakov feels. He feels pain and sadness and loss but at least he feels something. Upon the moment when he must realize that he is a human being, he finally accepts his humanity.

The story of "The Death of Ivan Ilych" written by Leo Tolstoy has a similar point to make as the Chekhov story but provides a protagonist who is potentially more likeable. At first, the reader does not care for Ivan Ilych. Here is another greedy man who has spent his entire life trying to acquire financial gain, even at the expense of…. [read more]

Tolstoy and Chekhov Essay

… ¶ … Death of Ivan Ilych" and Ward No. 6"

An analysis of "The Death of Ivan Ilych" and "Ward No. 6" reveals that death is a critical concept in both. While Ivan Ilyich and Dr. Andrei Yefimich are similar characters, the significance of their death is very different. While these are clearly different characters, they share similar viewpoints regarding death and, to an extent, life itself. Ivan lived his life in a vacuum and reached out to others very little. His concept of what was important related mostly to work and success. Andrey's view of the world was bleak and hopeless. His attitude towards his patients was cold and aloof. Both men neglect the "human" side of life and, as a result, do not…. [read more]

Leo Tolstoy How Much Land Does a Man Need Term Paper

… Leo Tolstoy "How Much Land Does a Man Need?"

Leo Tolstoy has written an excellent piece of literature that addresses to a characteristic of man which prevailed in him since the earliest recorded history till today and will be in him till the end of time. Tolstoy's "How Much Land Does a Man Need?" is a mechanical morality tale in its awesomely literal recapitulations (The Atlantic Monthly, p.126-131). It is greed that Tolstoy talks about in "How Much Land Does a Man Need" and the outcome as a result of acting on the temptations caused by greed. Set in Russia, the story reflects the nature of the Americans and how they would take advantage of the Indians there. The younger sister who was a peasant…. [read more]

Morality Then and Now the Technological Era Essay

… Morality Then and Now

The technological era that we as a society have entered has completely altered the way that morality and proper behavior is viewed and expressed. Before the Internet was as freely used as it is now, there was more control as to what children and teenagers had access to. Now, because of the rapid advancement in the exposure of the Internet, everyone has access to just about anything -- both appropriate and inappropriate. It is this unregulated exposure that has tainted morality. Cultures who are more open about such things as sexuality or who are not so religiously guided, can now influence and expose people who are a bit more conservative. Parents have a harder time explaining to their children what is…. [read more]

Russian Literature -- Journal Entry Book Report

… Russian Literature -- Journal

Entry #1 -- Bezhin Meadows -- Ivan Turgenev -- "I finally reached the corner of the woods… but there was no road there at all…an empty field was visible."

What an absolutely perfect representation of the Russian soul -- empty fields, no roads, unmet expectations, broad, unkempt forests, night closing in, overgrown paths. It seems as if the narrator is not just describing a Russian meadow, but the particularly gloomy way Russians tend to look at life.

The story, Bezhin Meadows, is, like most of Turgenev's works, simple, straightforward, without any frills -- yet full of symbolism and rather complex meaning. It is a chronicle of a journey, but not necessarily a journey planned - yet contemplated with the wisdom of…. [read more]

Evaluating Persuasive Arguments Term Paper

… ¶ … Leo Tolstoy's short story "How Much Land Does a Man Need?" The protagonist is never settled with what he has. The narrator sarcastically states at the end of the story, "Six feet from his head to his heels was all he needed," encapsulating the theme and tone of the story. Tolstoy's main argument is against greed. The protagonist, Pahom, is offered an opportunity to have as much land as he can walk on in one day and instead of enjoying the gift and simply receiving as much as possible, he extends himself so much so that he drops dead from exhaustion. The author suggests that being satisfied with what we already have is a far better approach to life than being constantly consumed…. [read more]

Fictional Elements in Selected Works Essay

… Anton Chekhov's "The Darling," by contrast, largely depends on the usage of characterization to present a satire of the sense of the inane which exists (primarily) within women and within the regard which society has of such women. The author employs a duality of characterization which functions on both the literal and figurative levels of interpretation to depict such a vacuity within the principle character, Olga Olenka Semyonovna -- a pretty, agreeable woman with no discernable personality of her own, other than an extreme mutability which allows her to adopt the proclivities of those she is around. Consequently, Chekhov treats Olenak's exploits with a liberal dose of sarcasm that revolves around both her literal personality (or lack thereof), as well as her representation as an…. [read more]

Last Duchess by Robert Browning Essay

… ¶ … Last Duchess" by Robert Browning is an horrifying poem about jealousy and rage, and the extent to which the narrator acted out towards his wife. In the poem, the narrator objectifies his last wife, and nonchalantly recounts the nature of their marriage and how it came to an end. The narrator points out how the painting has captured his wife's beauty, "[looking] as if she were alive." The narrator's possessive nature extends not only to those that could interact with his wife while she was still alive, but also prevails after her death; the narrator has the ability to control who can and cannot see his wife's countenance as he tells his visitor, "none puts by the curtain I have drawn for you,…. [read more]

Victims of Social Mores Term Paper

… Victims of Social Mores or Victims of Character? Three Character Studies from 19th Century Fiction

Does society make the man -- or woman -- or does the character of the individual determine his or her fate? On one hand, it is possible to read the protagonists of the stories "The Death of Ivan Ilyich" and "The Lady with the Dog" as well as the title heroine of Ibsen's drama "Hedda Gabler" as pawns of social forces beyond their control, mere victims of the circumstances of the times. Ivan Ilyich spends his life in a miserable, bureaucratic environment and devotes himself to social-climbing and impressing his superiors. He is encouraged, almost from birth, to play the role of a fawning, sycophant to succeed in his career…. [read more]

Comparing Short Stories Term Paper

… ¶ … nineteenth century when industrialism, capitalism, and imperialism were at their peaks, Leo Tolstoy and Anton Chekhov infused their writing with social commentary. Furthermore, Tolstoy and Chekhov used literary elements to create realistic portraits of life in Russia during the nineteenth century. In "How Much Land Does a Man Need?" Tolstoy portrays life through peasants' eyes. The protagonist and even those who would have been his benefactors had he lived are all peasants. Through peasants' eyes, Tolstoy delivers a poignant message about greed and materialism. In "The Bet," Chekhov also writes about materialism and greed but through the minds of a lawyer and a banker. Their positions in life lend them a unique perspective on wealth and power. In both short stories, the authors…. [read more]

Characters Struggling Authenticity Essay

… He goes to law school, works in prestigious offices, and gets married because society seems to approve of this (Tolstoy). When Ivan is on his death-bed, however, he realizes how much of his life has been inauthentic, unhappy, and so far from what is ideal and what is good to him.

Inauthenticity is not a state in which we desire to be, it is a state that happens to us out of our pride or our desire for normalcy. It is our duty as humans who reside, interact with, and care for others around us to check ourselves to ensure we have not slipped into a life we do not really want or make others uncomfortable with. I, for one, frequently tend to become inauthentic…. [read more]

Individuals Are Unable to Comprehend the Importance Essay

… ¶ … individuals are unable to comprehend the importance of truly appreciating life and they end up realizing that they spent most of their life struggling to build a reputation and a fortune that they never get to enjoy. This is the case in Leo Tolstoy's story "How Much Land Does a Man Need?," considering that the central character, Pahom, believes that happiness is equivalent to material wealth. Although this character did not live to appreciate the concepts that actually matter in life, the banker in Anton Chekhov's "The Bet" is more fortunate. He is on the verge of losing everything that he has and he experiences a revelation as a result of the fact that the person that he wants to murder presents him…. [read more]

Victorian Period Term Paper

… Journal Exercise 5.1A: Morality Then and Now

The literature of the Victorian Period expressed fascination and fear
with technology and machinery. Thomas Carlyle stated that man's ability to
use tools is all he is in his philosophical work Sartor Resartus. In John
Stuart Mill's On Liberty, the author stresses the idea that the individual
is supreme and sovereign over all else, which addresses the period's fear
that individuals were being replaced by machines. The advent of the
industrial revolution seriously affected religious beliefs. Matthew Arnold
suggested that the period was hovering between two worlds, "one dead" and
"one powerless to be born," according to his Stanzas from the Grand
Chartreuse. One of these worlds is religion and one is technology.
According to Arnold, the Victorian…. [read more]

Russia Matter? After the Fall Essay

… Just as concerning as nuclear weapons, if not more so, is the current status of fresh water supplies throughout the world. The future seems bleak when one considers the rate at which fresh water is consumed, wasted, or polluted. It is not an endless supply and it will become the most valuable commodity at some point in the future. For this reason, it would be wise to ally oneself with Russia. " It is said that, in this century, fresh water will become humankind's most important resource. Best estimates are that Russia owns about 25% of the world's fresh water, and it is already exporting it to countries that do not have enough. "When the oil runs out," one Russian government official recently said, "we…. [read more]

Russian Culture Essay

… Russian Culture

In a 1939 radio broadcast, Winston Churchill famously described Russia as a "riddle, wrapped in a mystery, inside an enigma." This statement reflects a people whose vast nation has now stretched from the Baltic to the Pacific, enveloping hundreds of minority groups in the process. The Russian identity continues to mystify outsiders, and seems only know intuitively to Russians themselves. Yet, Russia has made substantial contributions to literature, art, ballet, music, architecture and language. The Russian people continue to hold influence over a vast section of the globe, ensuring the spread and survival of their distinct cultural heritage.

Ancient Russia consisted of a patchwork of feudal states. The most important cultural development in this period was the conversion of Vladimir the Great, Grand…. [read more]

Use of Dichotomy Term Paper

… ¶ … dichotomy is the presence of two mutually exclusive or contradictory entities. An either / or circumstance or illustration of that concept. When occurring in writing, examples may revolve, for instance, around an author's essay discussing the dichotomy between good and evil. Neither can exist at one time. Their side-by-side brush in the tight corner of one essay can evoke interest and make for passionate discussion.

I have read numerous writing books on the subject of writing and somewhere along the way have I picked up the recommendation that incorporating contrast or dichotomy in a key sentence can prick life into the essay as well as awaken a sluggish reader. The same advice has been proffered for creating titles of books or for usage…. [read more]

English Structure vs. Russian Term Paper

… Several sources must be utilized when attempting to decide how to translate between the Russian language and English from a lexicography perspective. "In 1985 Morkovkin's Leksicheskie minimumy sovremenngo russkogo jazyka was published. It was followed by Gabuchan's (1988) Uchebnyj tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka. Gabuchan's dictionary contains almost 3,500 entries that were selected based on their high frequency and their typical inclusion in Russian language textbooks."(Resources for Teachers of Russian) These types lexicography texts have an objective of translating Russian through a monolingual dictionary and entries are therefore defined only in terms of each other. Vocabulary should be presented in general rubrics such as "man," "society," "nature," and "time, space and quantity." Other sources should be used to focus on adverbial, auxiliary and modal expressions. These…. [read more]

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