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Cyber Espionage Term Paper

… (Thornburgh, 2005)

However, after his employer was attacked, is when he began to compare notes with a friend who worked in military intelligence. What he determined is that there were a series of patterns that identified which served as a digital foot print of the trackers. After composing a list of common characteristics, is when he quickly discovered that the scope of the attack was focused on the entire U.S. defense infrastructure. He subsequently disclosed this information to the FBI who took the investigation even further. Yet, once his employers found out about his activities is when he was subsequently fired. They claimed that his affiliation with law enforcement was a violation of his employment contract. (Thornburgh, 2005)

This is showing how there must be…. [read more]

Cyber Crimes in Today's World Term Paper

… Cybercrime

Cyber theft is a major criminal issue surrounding the use of the Internet. Cybertheft is not just identity theft; it entails so much more. The most obvious, and easiest, targets of Cyber crime are small networks, personal home pcs, small business systems, and the like. Cybercrime has been increasing dramatically since 1985 with the advance in computer technology (Carvajal, 2008). The basis of Cybertheft is the ease at which information is uncovered and utilized. There is an entire new legal industry focused on uncovering and prosecuting cybercrime. Federal, State and Local Agencies are attempting to curtail Cybertheft by implementing joint initiatives. In 2007 the Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3) complied and received statistical information from all 50 states (Britz, 2008). In the state of…. [read more]

Top Cyber Security Risks Term Paper

… ¶ … Risk Management in Top Cyber Security Risks

The Top Cyber Security Risks

The process of identifying, assessing, and prioritizing of risks is referred to as risk management. After identifying risks, the next step is to use the available resources to reduce, look into and control the risk from taking place again. Cyber security risks can be categorized into two namely website vulnerabilities and client-side application flaws. In risk management the high impact risk as it has a high probability of occurring should be handled first, risks that have low impact and low probability of occurring should be handled last.

Client-side application flaws

The applications installed on a person's computer may have certain vulnerabilities that can be exploited by the attackers. The attackers usually…. [read more]

Security Plan for the Maryland Term Paper

… Therefore the access privileges attained by that specific person could get into wrong hands if they are forever and if the smart cards are place in wrong hands after the personnel have left its post.

Often critics question regarding the levels of perimeter security, they tend to ask security professionals if they should keep multiple layers or single layer? The answer here is that multiple layers tend to give better protection as compared to a single layer.

2.3 Protective systems and access control

Access control is known to be a very common methodology to identify personnel before they enter their designated areas. Access point can be any gate, id verification, security check or any other way to protect any premises from harm. The protective systems…. [read more]

Security Threat Essay

… These same experts believe that one should have a backup browser in case one is compromised. Finally, it is advantageous to disable the auto-run and auto-fill functions and to be extremely careful about what one downloads and from where (Major Geeks, 2010).

Part 3 -- Today, most everyone has access to a computer or Smartphone. The Internet has provided an unpatrolled opportunity to reach out globally, but, like most tools, it can have a downside. Data is king, and is information that is used to allow businesses and individuals to succeed. Cyberspace is real, and so are the risks -- damage comes in all forms, not just fraud, but downtime, information crime, and indeed, the ability to work and live within a global environment. Nothing…. [read more]

Security an Institution of Higher Term Paper

… The way that the government has handled this problem in the past is to write a broad body of law, such as the Americans with Disabilities Act, and then allow court cases to work out the specifics.

To that end, there have been three Acts from which the largest body of cyber-security comes. The first is called the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA). This Act protects people from having their private health information stolen and provides penalties for such acts. The second was the Financial Services Modernization Act of 1999 which sets standards for financial information security. The final major federal law from which judicial precedent is set is the Homeland Security Act of 2002 which basically fills in the holes…. [read more]

Metrics, Implementation, and Enforcement (Security Research Paper

… Cridex has been a bot Trojan that operates by opening the rear door on the compromised Computer and putting in a form of the Necurs rootkit to avoid conventional operating-system-based security and safety applications from reading through its binaries. This targeted breach generally starts execution around the target system via a drive-by-download breach that makes use of system susceptibility or perhaps a social engineering strike with an e-mail attachment. After that it installs the Necurs rootkit, which has also been utilized by a number of malware groups, such as Advanced Pc Shield 2012 along with Banker, to endanger the operating-system. Cridex subsequently assumes charge of the victim's computer system and enables it to gather data and possibly make deceptive transactions simply by manipulating genuine bank…. [read more]

National Security Implications of Transnational Essay

… S. banks. China is trying to steal patents and U.S. technology that companies keep in their sites and in their computers, and the attack on Government increased almost nine fold, to "48,562 in fiscal 2012 from 5,503 in 2006.

Thus Afghanistan, Pakistan, or the region in terms of stability and U.S. concerns, and from Afghanistan the post-withdrawal relationship with the governments involved, the level of development and security it desires, and what kind of peace are not clear. Afghanistan is one example where making and arming insurgents have made the proverbial finger poke the eye. This type of criminals is entering the U.S. As legal and illegal immigrants too.

Illegal Immigrants and Crime

Illegal immigration also causes burdens in the economy and affects national safety.…. [read more]

Internet: Security on the Web Term Paper

… How significant is the scope of cyber security issues that face the banking industry? "This whole thing is gigantic ... we're deploying as many layers as we can," according to Bob Justus, supervisor of corporate information security at Union Bank of California (Grebb, 2003). "Bonnie and Clyde would have killed for today's technology," said Gary Jackson, CEO of Psynapse Technologies, a security group in Washington D.C.

Grebb's article in U.S. Banker alludes to another security breach, the "Slammer" worm virus, which temporarily paralyzed the ATM network for Bank of America -- and cause additional headaches "at corporations worldwide" -- in 2003. The very fact that computer networks are co-dependent, and fully linked, "has left banks more vulnerable than ever," Grebb explains. The threat of virus…. [read more]

Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery BCDR Essay

… Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery Plan

Disaster recovery plan focuses on the approaches to follow after a business faces a disaster. Most organizations adopt plans that are technology-oriented that aim at reshaping the network and systems. Business continuity deals with sustaining the organization after experiencing a disaster and involves more than technology. Numerous companies and businesses are embracing business continuity into their environment because of increased awareness of disastrous circumstances, as well as new legal requirements that assume top management obligations for financial responsibility.

Enterprise Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery Plan (BCDR) for ABBA Agency with 10 employees

Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery Plan (BCDR) are procedures that assist organizations prepared for unexpected events. While preparing for BCDR, the company must incorporate the following requirements.…. [read more]

Education and National Security Essay

… Obesity and criminal records are not necessarily the fault of the education system, but the lack of a diploma and not being able to pass aptitude tests show inefficiencies in the system. The lack of technologically qualified students to address cyber threats also shows inefficiencies. If youth do not have the appropriate education that trains and prepares them, it will affect the country with deeper security issues as the generations go by. "Only New Zealand, Spain, Turkey, and Mexico have lower high school completion rates" (Reagan, 2010). Federal control continues to threaten the creativity and productivity of schools.

One answer to the problem that is proposed is to remove the bureaucracy, equip schools with the financial resources they need, as well as the trust and…. [read more]

Risk Management and Analysis Process and Policy Before Technology Research Proposal

… ¶ … released by the FBI and the Computer Security Institute (CSI), over 70% of all attacks on sensitive data and resources reported by organizations occurred from within the organization itself. Implementing an internal security policy appears to be just as important as an external strategy. The objective of this report is to highlight the necessity of internal processes and policy alongside technology when managing and mitigating risk. The author narrates the problems of security from the unseen forces in an individual that influence thought, behavior and personality. Once organizations truly understand the psychology behind the motivations of software engineers and developers, risk analysis and risk management strategies will become more efficient. The research contained in this report establishes that there is some connection between…. [read more]

Security Solution Essay

… Computer Security

We have achieved great strides in computer technology but there is also a corresponding rise in cybercriminals employing new and sophisticated methods of attacks. Cybercriminals do not just do it for fun or fame anymore but are getting more professional and monetizing their skills. Exploitation of web application and browser plugin vulnerabilities, Phishing, identity theft and stealing of valuable personal and financial information are some of the major issues. As always, prevention is better than cure. Updating antivirus software, operating system and other software regularly and using sensible precautions such as regular backups would certainly eliminate the risk or atleast minimize the damage of malware attacks.


The first decade of the new millennium was marked by a phenomenal growth of the Internet…. [read more]

Information Technology (IT) Security Plan Essay

… The monitoring and auditing of the IT components within any organization should be based upon the need for the employee privacy. There is no accepted standard, but experience and inductive experiment should help guide the planers to a safe and productive spot when balancing between monitoring and privacy issues.

Avoiding malware and computer viruses also falls under the responsibility of monitoring the IT program. The devastation and problems that these unfortunate incidents produce are very threatening to any organization who relies on digital communication to achieve profits. Besides viruses, the rampant practices of cybercrimes by hackers has also shifted the balance of power requiring greater and more sophisticated protective measures to fend off such malevolent attacks and inquiries. Kelly (2012) wrote " modern hackers use…. [read more]

Security a Broad Definition Research Proposal

… This meant that IT departments became the de facto authority on all information security management matters. The outcome of this type of arrangement was that senior management approved or rejected information security management options presented to it by IT departments. These options include security architecture designs. However, Nolan (1997) noted that enterprise architectural designs should be a top-down approach (Nolan, 1997). This means that senior management's involvement in enterprise security architecture design is critical. The necessity for senior management increased involvement in enterprise security matters has been motivated in recent years by legislation, such as Sarbanes-Oxley Act, HIPAA, etc. These statutes outline specific requirements and obligations for senior management and company officers, about corporate accountability, internal controls, and governance.

Mitchell, Marcella, and Baxter (1999) in…. [read more]

Database Security Research Paper

… ¶ … portable mobile devices (i.e. smart phones and tablets) is having on database security. This is accomplished by looking at the scope of the problem and offering solutions for addressing these challenges. Once this occurs, is when an organization can be able to effectively adapt to the various security threats they are facing.

Over the last several years, the issue of database security has been increasingly brought to the forefront. Part of the reason for this, is because larger amounts of data are being stored online and in mainframe computers. This has increased the number of attempts to breach an organization's security system in order to be able to have access to wide variety of information. A good example of this can be seen…. [read more]

Cyber Security Most Important Cyber Security Vulnerability Research Paper

… Cyber Security

Most Important Cyber Security Vulnerability

One of the most important and common cyber security vulnerability is the maintenance of hardware as well as software. Weak maintenance, which is not up-to-date, can allow a number of problems in terms of security as the servers are exposed to major cyber security threats such as SQL injection, cross site request forgery, cross site scripting and remote file include among others. Developing and maintaining a server with weak update schedules can allow even the novice hackers the opportunity to obtain the confidential information of the users or developers. But if the same vulnerability is exploited by an expert hacker, it can lead to severe problems even for the top businesses worldwide. In essence, weak coding would enable…. [read more]

Homeland Security Strategies Research Paper

… They also emphasize the Department's commitment to securing the U.S. from terror and beefing up security along the United States borders, enforcing immigration laws, securing cyberspace and generally building resilience to disasters (DHS, 2007). The other function often overlooked is to secure the major infrastructure like bridges and towers, airport as well as key natural resources and also respond to and recover from the incidences that may occur within the U.S. The mention of maximizing effectiveness and efficiency of the tax payer's dollar implies that the leaders of this Department are people of integrity.

From this paper it is clear how an organization's missions, goals, and objective are integral in coming up with a strategic plan. It is also clear that a strategy must have…. [read more]

Global Domestic Security Threat Impact of NATO Term Paper

… Global / Domestic security threat/Impact of NATO

Current domestic and global security threats: The impact on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed to cope with the challenges of a bipolar world. However, today's global environment faces multi-polar challenges from non-state actors such as terrorists. Threats once considered domestic concerns now affect the world, like global warming and the need to rebuild the infrastructure of unstable states such as Afghanistan and Bosnia. The globalization of modern society has meant the globalization of modern technological threats, including cyberterrorism, as well as increased international competition for scarce energy resources. All of these problems affect NATO members but cannot be addressed with a regionally specific focus. To create a more secure…. [read more]

Computer and Network Security Essay

… When a new virus enters an organization, the immune system automatically captures it, analyzes it, adds detection and shielding for it, removes it, and passes information about that virus to systems running IBM Antivirus so that it can be detected before it is allowed to run elsewhere." (Stallings, 2011 p 21-15).

Wireless Security Tools: Verizon should use the wireless security tool such as WTLS (Wireless Transport Layer Security) to protect the company wireless mobile devices because the WTLS will offer privacy, and authentication to the company mobile infrastructures. The access control will also assist the company to enforce authentication over its wireless link. Moreover, the company should use the MAC-level encryption as a security protocol to enhance integrity of the company wireless devices. (Wolfgang, 2011,…. [read more]

Airport Security Design Term Paper

… The section on the aircraft movement area should provide a description of any area that may be potentially used for landing, take-off and surface maneuvering of aircraft. This includes all intermediate unpaved sections of the airfield on the airport property. A map or diagram should be attached. This section should provide a description for perimeter barriers or access controls including: Fencing; Gates; Access control systems; AAF locks; and Key Control Systems. (Department of the Interior Aviation Facilities Security Procedures, 2006)

Airport Security Features

In addition, a necessary section of the Airport Security Plan is the section, which describes any airport/AAF Security Procedures including: (1) aircraft security requirements; (2) pedestrian/vehicle access; (3) challenge procedures; and (4) procedures for reporting suspicious behavior. (Department of the Interior Aviation…. [read more]

Global Payments Hack Essay

… As a result of this business structure, information technology systems and their accompanying security systems require great sophistication and high-level secrecy in order to successfully work. Global Payments has access to any software providing system available by having in-house developers and programmers ensuring that their protection is suitable to the corporate structure of the business itself.

Global payments is involved in many types of financial transactions requiring that a multi-dimensional security infrastructure is designed to suit their many products and services. Software programs are specifically designed for Global Payments and therefore their problems from hacking are internal in nature. This reveals the scope of the problem because customers who use their systems are helpless in protecting key information that is left in the hands of…. [read more]

Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gangs: Threat to National Security? Thesis

… ¶ … predominantly Latino Gangs, Mara Salvatrucha (aka MS-13), and the 18th Street Gang operating on the streets of communities across America. This study is significant because it will provide a snapshot in time concerning how these violent gangs operate in this country in ways that can inform and alert both civilian society and government agencies concerning optimal responses to the problem created by these gangs. Through a quantitative and qualitative analysis of documentary evidence and governmental statistics about the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang, this study developed several conclusive findings on the negative effects of these groups in the United States. The Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang are becoming transnational criminal organizations given the fact that they originated in Central America and…. [read more]

Cloud Computing Security Term Paper

… There is no "magic bullet" or single approach that will allow for complete computer security safety and allow for the proper and needed ease of use at the same time (Samson, 2013).

The concerns about cloud computing are numerous. However, they all mesh together to some degree. They include loss of data, syncing issues, keeping data segregated from customers when needed and pooled for mutual access when desired, the overall security culture and mindset of some vendors, how threats are evolving with the new technologies and trends and even attacks from other customers. While it may seem like common sense to secure networks and such, many companies (even before the cloud computing revolution) did some very obtuse things when it came to data security (Samson,…. [read more]

Social Engineering and Information Security Term Paper

… P address, mail servers, Phone numbers, address of the company, employee names and designations, etc. Further running the Maltego metadata transform provided more information in the form of more files with dates, creator information, etc. Particularly one file named InvoiceApril.xls grabbed the attention of Hadnagy. The file contents indicated that it was an invoice for a marketing venture organized by the local bank. Hadnagy immediately called the bank, posing as a Mr. Tom from the accounts department of the printing firm, and asked for the details of this particular marketing event run by the bank. It was found that it was the annual Children's Cancer Fund Drive organized by the bank.

Hadnagy gathered more information about the CEO like his native place NY, his favored…. [read more]

Worst That Could Happen Term Paper

… Common examples in this case include bugs that "open the way for an attack on Unix systems"

, as well as operating systems errors.

Cyber vulnerabilities apply to normal software applications. In this case, cyber vulnerabilities are used to execute arbitrary command or to access without password certain files.

Human and social vulnerabilities refer to possible vulnerabilities related to procedures used in an organization, to staff issues, command, management or policies


In the case of physical vulnerabilities, we may suggest obvious measures for protection. The first one includes the basic "lock and alarms"

protecting sensitive rooms such as the server room against attacks.

Firewalls are solutions protecting information systems from attacks from the outside, via email, Internet, etc. A firewall is defined as "a…. [read more]

Cybersecurity as an Organizational Strategy Research Paper

… An effective strategy is to develop the best possible benefit approximation of benefits and assign a monetary value to those benefits (Gordon, 2010). This exercise provides a platform for allocating funds that can be monitored for needed reallocations at some future time (Gordon, 2010). A more cool-headed approach to resource allocation for cybersecurity will enable enterprises to examine how they are spending money rather than just focusing on an amount that has been committed to cybersecurity (Gordon, 2010).

The development of informational technology requirements must align with the business demands throughout the enterprise, with the aim of ensuring that IT systems will be resilient, reliable, and fit with the organizational mission ("PCAST," 2007). The bottom line is that "technology is about engineering and implementing solutions…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.