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Tourism Distribution Network Term Paper

… Tourism entrepreneurs need to understand this and react quickly by adding creativity and innovation to their business models. Technological convergence and global trends are disrupting the structures of traditional industry. The players of tourism industry will have to accept the effects of dynamism brought about by technology in the distribution network. This requires a flexible approach and all the more, a new mindset on part of the players. Strong ecological sentiment will also arise due to the advent of non-governmental/non-traditional elements in the market introduced by the World Wide Web. All these are changing the relationships between consumers, competitors, collaborators and investors. There is minimal distinction left between global and local tourism business. Meaning thereby, tourism sector has to be locally responsive while being subject…. [read more]

Terrorism Affects the International Tourism Research Paper

… Terrorists see these vacationers as vital targets and utilize them as a political instrument. Acting against the tourism business permits the terrorists to harm a flourishing industry and additionally gather broad communications consideration. In the event, terrorist dangers happen in a nation remote voyagers reexamine their choice to visit reason being that the danger included has altogether expanded. The danger of being a potential terrorist target evokes a quick negative customer reaction.

Government and Political Reactions to Terrorism

Governments might react to terrorism by securing regulations and rules. For instance, a choice on the most proficient method to screen air transport explorers and the gear is utilized is chosen within the United States by the laws that are passed in Congress. Responses to terrorism from…. [read more]

Tourism Internet Distribution System Essay

… If some agreements on hotel industry standards would be settled, business to business (B2B) system and business to customer (B2C) system in hotel industry would provide both enterprises and consumers more benefits (Xiang, Zhou & Chowdhury, n.d.).

Security is one of the most important and complicated challenges related to this industry. There are many studies that have been done in regards to providing security solutions of integration of heterogeneous computers and resources spread across multiple domains with the intent to provide users services. One of these issues is to keep the contents confidentiality and integrity. The goal is to ensure that no one tampers with or steals the data that is transferred through public networks. Another issue is to control access to web services. Before…. [read more]

Contemporary Issues in Tourism Assessment

… ¶ … Tourism

Explain what matters of scale and scope have to do with the marketing of tourism sites and places - according to a or the contributors of Jamal and Robinson (destination marketing organization: Convention and visitors Bureaus: Robert C. Ford and William C. Peeper)

The idea for a convention is thought to have been initiated in Detroit as a suggestion to band together and promote Detroit as a convention desirable destination. This was a sought of salesmanship work that would market a site/destination Robert C. Ford and William C. Peeper.

This part discusses the matter of scale put across by Robert C. Ford and William C. Peeper chapter destination marketing in Jamal and Robinson.


The original model of funding for activities from…. [read more]

International Regulation of Tourism Term Paper

… "

Lake Vostok has since become one of the few causes of disagreement between the international college of nations with interests in Antarctica; the Lake Vostok problems will be outlined later in this report. It is notable, however, even before the controversy and scientific quandaries that have vexed scientists and nations the past few years. Not since 1858, when Africa explore John Speke first stood on the banks of Lake Victoria, the headwaters of the Nile, has a formerly undiscovered body of water of such magnitude been added to the map of the globe. (In the case of Lake Victoria, however, it was only a 'discovery' to Europeans and Americans and those of other continents; Africans had known of it all along. The same cannot…. [read more]

Examine the Affect of Technology in Lodging Operations Research Paper

… Internet and the Lodging Industry

In the recent past, a hotel has been described as a 'home away from home'. This brings out the images of a cozy, comfortable room set in a friendly, hospitable environment. Like many households which have increased the number and sophistication of electronic gadgetry.

Hotels have also adjusted to keep pace with the prevailing and highly dynamic consumer trends. The quality of guestrooms, television sets, entertainment systems, audio/video devices, telephones, comfort provisions and the likes has become critical to the discerning business traveler. In many ways, the role of the guestroom is expanding to mirror the productivity and amenities of the traveler's office environment. Current guestroom designs include efficient workspaces with desktop PC, wireless.

The lodging industry has always prided…. [read more]

Internet and Electronic Marketing Website Essay

… The purchasing choices are subject to the perceived final value or net benefit of the student's investment into the education. For professionals seeking an online education, the value of Pace University is considerable when comparing with other alternatives in the online investment arena.

The current competition however, has NCAA universities that now offer online courses leading to degrees and certification as well. The University of North Carolina is an example where the brand naming of a recognized brand of higher education has expanded its target market to include talented students from all over the world whom may not have the ability to travel to the state of North Carolina. In response to the barrage of new entrants into this lucrative market, institutions including Pace University…. [read more]

Use of Social Media Term Paper

… ¶ … Social Media

Travel and tourism, a multibillion-dollar worldwide industry, with the UK being one of the premier tourist destinations, has constantly relied greatly on endorsement and advertising as platforms for the enormous number of destinations, spots, and vacation selections; hotels, resorts, areas, and countries; challenging for travel business, not to bring up the crowd of carriers, airlines, trains, cruise liners, buses, and other transport vehicles for travellers to those destinations. So imperative is the business that there are whole venues (together with smaller nations) whose financial systems are just about wholly reliant on tourism.

Travel PR in a Digital Age

Just like most other industries, the social media revolution has had a deep impact on the travel and tourism markets; both in terms…. [read more]

ICT Use Is Applied Case Study

… " (2009) Sigala states that multimedia technologies are "…being referred to as the technological wave of ICT developments and are defined as "a host of computer-delivered services made-up of textual and no-textual information that integrate several sources of media and data such as video, graphics, animation, audio, text." (2009)

Multimedia is "an all-embracing term that cuts across a wide variety of ICT vehicles and tools [i.e., interactive/digital television, Internet and its applications (E-mail, WWW, etc.,), other Web-based networks such as intranets and extranets, interactive CD-ROMs and DVDs (digital versatile disc), videoconferencing systems, multimedia PCs or palmtops, virtual reality, etc.]." (Sigala, 2009) A primary aspect of multimedia is that of 'interactivity' which is reported to be define8d as "actions or methods used to actively participate with…. [read more]

Corporate Universities Investigation of Their Development Internationally in the Field Sector of Tourism Term Paper

… Corporate universities"-investigation of their development internationally in the field/sector of tourism.

In this paper, it will be discussed how corporate universities function internationally and otherwise. From there, their development process of tourism will be discussed and how it is affecting its organized culture. Going public will be addressed as an option in order to improve the development of tour. Finally, this paper will concluded the development has had many successes despite their slow start but will continue to defeat them.

Corporate universities fall under the direction of motivation by the following example, which helps them with the plans with the sector of tourism. "Corporate universities are created for different purposes. Some are developed to bring fresh life to the old training and development department. Others…. [read more]

Hospitality Industry Role of Hospitality IT Systems Essay

… ¶ … Hospitality Industry

Role of Hospitality IT Systems

The rapidly changing needs and expectations of global travelers are a primary catalyst in the continual improvement and innovation of hospitality information technologies and systems. Having a 360-degree view of the guest is just the beginning to becoming the trusted advisor to travelers over time (Jain, Jain, 2005). While hospitality IT systems have progressed from the basic functionality of being able to track reservations and manage inventory, greater focus on each customer-facing process is necessary (Mathies, 2010). The rapid adoption of Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) applications including Amadeus Hotel Platform (Baker, 2007) is being driven by the urgency to streamline and make more customer-centered these processes in the hospitality industry.

The Changing role of IT in the Hospitality…. [read more]

Information System Term Paper

… These challenges include distance, culture, and resources.

There is also increase in the number of hours through which business entities and consumers interact in the market because of integration of information systems and technological management in the modern society. It is ideal to note that e-commerce focuses on utilizing the increased hours of executing the needs and preferences of the consumers and business entities. This is essential in the development of a competitive advantage over the players in the market and industry of operation. E-commerce has the ability to increase the volume of production, manufacturing, distribution, and consumption by the consumers through integration of information systems for the purposes of effectiveness and efficiency. Increase in the number of hours of operation and efficiency in the…. [read more]

Travel Agents Analysis Term Paper

… Travel Agents Analysis

The following pages will focus on providing an outlook on the situation of the U.K. tourism in general, and of travel agents in particular. The main aspects brought under discussion by this research paper regard the differences between traditional travel agents, on the one hand, and of e-tourism, on the other hand. Also, future trends in the field are presented, together with recommendations designed for improving travel agents' activity.

The introduction presents the importance of the problem and its implications. Also, the introduction provides a brief presentation of the research methodology used in this paper.

The following section focuses on establishing the hypotheses and the objectives of the research, as the starting point of any research. This is a very important section…. [read more]

Consumer Trends in the Hospitality Term Paper

… "Online travel is a huge industry driven by 41 million online travel buyers, and despite ongoing economic and safety concerns, we expect continued growth."

Article #3: Ground Transportation:

Statistics & Trends:

"KDS offers its customers a direct access to the Europcar central reservation system" Travel Daily News.

This news article states that KDS, a provider of online business travel management in Europe and Europcar are joining as partners in providing direct access to customers for online vehicle reservations. Jean-Francois Vergnangeal, Senior VP Marketing & Strategic Alliances at KDS stated in the article that:

"This partnership is perfectly in line with our policy to develop direct links, which is one of the major facets in the strategy of KDS, an independent actor. Indeed, we wish to…. [read more]

Ecotourism in Brazil the Premise Term Paper

… Sightseeing was the preferred activity for free time.

The interesting feature that was revealed by this survey was that a significant interest does exist in ecotourism for the corporate client. However, they still prefer and expect the same amenities that are found in a non-ecotourism hotel. They want comfort, food, a swimming pool. They preferred to travel distances close to home, but would consider traveling to another region. Climate was the most important draw for the corporate customer. They are interested in some of the possibilities that ecotourism have to offer and offer a broad base for a potential in expanding the local market.

However, one must be careful not to ignore the amenities and comforts that they have come to expect from the conventional…. [read more]

Development of Health Management System in Saudi Arabia Research Proposal

… Healthcare in Saudi Arabia

Project Title: Development of Health Management Systems in Saudi Arabia

Geopolitical Overview

Within the global healthcare model there are various expressions of appropriateness of care. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, for instance, healthcare has always been the purview of the government, funded at the behest of the ruling family, designed for a predominately young or middle aged population, and certainly not designed for the increasing urbanization and economic improvements that oil and natural gas have brought to the region. In addition, changing demographics in the Kingdom make it necessary to rethink the model of healthcare.

A geopolitical and cultural background of the country and comparison with the region is first provided to engage the reader in the synergism between these…. [read more]

Legal Issues With the Use of Open Source Software in Government and EU Public Service Term Paper

… EU Open Source Software

Legal Implications for European Union Governments

The Use of Open Source Software in Government and EU Public Service

Current EU Software Policy: Any Directives, Regulations, Whitepapers and Official Documents Detailing the Current Official Position of the European Union on Software.

Free and Open Source Software vs. Proprietary Software

Legal Case Study - Brazil (i.e. what the Brazilians have done and are doing about open source legal issues during and after implementation of software)

How ill E.U. Governments be affected if following the Brazilian example and its effect on E.U. Intellectual property policy?

How will E.U. intellectual property law and new proposed software patent directive affect Open source legality in the EU?

Legal cases that set precedents for intellectual property concern in…. [read more]

E-Commerce Communications Electronic Term Paper

… Types of internet-based EDI: Internet e-mail can be used in place of value added network to support the transfer of data in EDI. Alternatively, companies can create extranet systems through which trading partners can exchange information in web form, whose fields correspond to the fields in EDI messages. The third option is for companies to make use of the services of a web-based EDI hosting service, which will enable them to provide their own EDI services over the internet. Netscape Enterprise is an example of web-based EDI software available to companies. (Commission of the European communities, 1992, p.4)

The central element to EDI is the coding and structuring of the data into a common and accepted format, which is no easy task. There are many…. [read more]

Destination Country: Costa Rica Essay

… The cost-to-benefit analysis indicate that exporting the screening cups to Costa Rica is more preferable as operational cost will only include maintaining a lean staff at Heredia office of Pharma Plus and investing in marketing activities.

VIII- Competitors in Costa Rica

Major competitors already operational in the Costa Rican medical equipment market are Baxter, Abbot Vascular, and St. Jude Medical. These three companies are directly operating in the country and maintain elaborate offices and sales force. There is a high susceptibility that competitors might imitate the design of our drug screening cups and the prospects of safeguarding intellectual property rights are also lower as compared to the domestic U.S. market.

Brand name for our company has been chosen as 'Pharma Plus'. The name of our…. [read more]

Physical Security Controls to Document Term Paper

… Even though using biometry technology is considered to be an effective measure for security and protection against crime, there is concern that it violates the privacy and personal rights of individuals. These issues include the possibility of fraud, identity theft, civil liberty violations and inaccuracy of data that could result in being accused of a crime or become a victim of discrimination. It raises questions about how the biometric data is stored. Could the information be shared internationally? We should also be concerned about the long-term effects of biometric data being tracked on such a close basis.


a. Recap of the main points identified.

b. Future trends in security and physical protection of assets

i. How globalization will affect security in the future…. [read more]

Transportation Systems Essay

… ¶ … Transportation Systems

These two questions are a written paper 2 pages each or combine them together and 4 pages.

After reading the ?Transit projects a guide for practitioners? chapters 1 -2 provide and explain some general steps that the state of New Jersey, in our discussion post, must have taken in order to obtain an idea of benefits they would acquire by investing in their infrastructure.

How would one go about calculating utility of a traveler-s choice in utils? Provide an explanation of all the variables in the formulae. (Hint Read Chapters 4-9)

Transportation Considerations: New Jersey

The state of New Jersey had to understand quite a bit about their transportation needs as well as the existing infrastructure before they could make any…. [read more]

Technology: Is it Moving Term Paper

… d. Values that are implied by reasoning and evidence. Cooper (1997) emphasizes the enormous value of technological policy in computerization and process innovation as a tool set that can provide this leverage to businesses. It then becomes of substantial importance for businesses to examine the business and technology strategies in order to identify how well both strategies can merge on as need basis and across industry boundaries. Business strategy and technological policy relation can be analyzed at two levels. The first level is the appreciation of the relationship between individual business strategy and its corresponding technological policy. The second level of this examination is the establishment of the correlation between technological and business strategic dimensions. In analyzing these strategic and technological policy dimensions, individual business…. [read more]

Online Travel Agents Term Paper

… Disadvantages quoted at a recent TIA conference include: "They [the customer] would rather talk to a live person; their plans were not definite; they don't give credit card details online and are concerned about privacy of information; the internet does not give lowest prices or best deals; and the process of booking is too complicated" (quoted at (

Question 4: What are the main reasons for buying or not buying from online agents?

As the majority of people turn to the internet to save money, one of the main factors in deciding not to buy from the internet is price: often, if a flight is required on a specific day, and this is a popular day, prices can be prohibitively high. Perhaps, though, in this…. [read more]

E-Commerce on Business Strategy Term Paper

… The 21st century began with a dot-com bust as opposed to the dot-com boom of the late 1990s. It is estimated that 520 e-commerce businesses either stopped operating or declared bankruptcy in the years between 1999 and 2001. These closures and bankruptcies resulted in the layoffs of almost 100,000 employees, according to Fortune Magazine. Eventually, a number of e-commerce sites started to report profits in 2001 and 2002. Among these e-commerce sites were, Inc., headquartered in Seattle, Washington, which established many of the tools and strategies that are now routine in online retailing, and Expedia, an online travel site.. (Electronic Commerce," 2002)

Delighting customers is the clear determinant of e-business success or failure. Online shoppers want their lives to be made simpler with the…. [read more]

Sports Shoes and Sports Clothing Market and Trends in Turkey Research Proposal

… Sports Shoes Turkey

Sports Shoes and Sports Clothing Market and Trends in Turkey

Brief History of Turkey

Turkey is an internationally recognized center for sports enthusiasm and participation. The interest in sports is culturally bound both historically and as an aspect of Turkey's general international cosmopolitan nature. This is especially true as a result of the modern emphasis on European involvement and a relatively open international but specifically western travel emphasis both to and from the nation. Aspects of western influence, but specifically UK influence are bound in the Turkish culture as a result of years of European and other allied assistance to overthrow what remained of the Ottoman Empire and collectively remove occupying forces from Greece from the nation. Turkey was in fact the…. [read more]

Sustainability of Low Cost Carriers in Europe Term Paper

… Sustainability of Low Cost Carriers in Europe

Low Cost Carriers: Characteristics

The purpose of this study is to examine whether low cost carriers in Europe will still be profitable in the future or if upcoming new trends, laws or other restrictions will make the demand for low cost carriers decrease. The objectives of this study are to: (1) present significant literature which is related to the airline industry with an emphasis on low cost carriers in terms of performance and profitability; (2) to analyze the performance of European low cost carriers in the past and predict possible outcomes or signs which could lead to a change; and (3) to provide realistic recommendations to academia and the airline and tourism industry in order to examine whether…. [read more]

Pharmaceutical Industries Have to Operate Term Paper

… The data that was evaluated was a combination from book, journal articles, review papers and the Internet. The information reviewed pertained to a wide variety of situations and industries. There were some common trends observed in all the material. The commitment of the management and the involvement of the worker are critical no matter what the condition of the external and internal environment the company faces. Integrating the core function -- marketing and sale of products along with the goals and the objectives of the organization is the new route the organization has to now follow.

A distillation of the interviews will be provided in Chapter 2.


Understanding the main…. [read more]

Comprehensive Study of Offshore Financial Centers and Their Effects on Global Economy Dissertation

… ¶ … Offshore Financial Centres and Their Effects on Global Economy

The past 3 decades or so have witnessed the proliferation of offshore financial centres that have drawn both criticism and praise for their cumulative effect on the global economy. These offshore financial networks included 36 jurisdictions by the end of the 1970s that involved three main types of geographical locations, inland enclave states, coastal enclave states and island states. The enclave states have established a global pattern of so-called satellite clusters that are compatible with four main business time zones with linkages to the major global and regional capital markets. The Western Hemisphere is generally served through the New York epicenter by the Caribbean and the Central American Basin; European enclaves, coastal enclaves and…. [read more]

Use of ICT Book Report

… ¶ … Communication Technology in the Hospitality Industry

Computers, global telecommunications and the Internet have all fundamentally changed the manner in which companies of all types and sizes operate and market their businesses today. In fact, information and communication technology (ICT) have been responsible for fueling the globalization of the marketplace and these same forces have contributed to the resurrection of the travel and tourism industry following the major downturn the industry experienced following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Today, the tourism industry is the largest industry in the world and the hospitality sector that is supports has enjoyed the results of this upsurge. Some hospitality organizations, though, have benefited from their ICT initiatives in more significant ways than others, but it is…. [read more]

Country Report: Spain Term Paper

… Country Report: Spain

This report will describe Spain's international competitiveness level according to different criterions which will be presented above. First of all, Spain is a member country of the European Union - one of the promoters of free trade and capital movements around the world. The macroeconomic objective of Spain is to converge to the high levels of economic, social and commercial development of EU 25 members in (2004, before the accession of Romania and Bulgaria). Why selecting Spain for the purpose of this report - because it has an important history in trade, due to its favorable natural conditions and geographic location - the intersection of various commercial axes, to the Atlantic Ocean and EU. Another reason would be that due to increasing…. [read more]

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