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Tourism Research Philosophies and Principles Assessment

… In addition, they employed the 'interpretative' paradigm's Quantitative Method by value-laden examination of the hotel guests in an attempt to understand the guests' behaviour and underlying reasons for reusing or failing to reuse guest towels. Through a carefully worded four-page questionnaire, careful selection of cooperative hotels, careful selection of appropriate guests, and well-placed rewards, Mair and Bergin-Seers were able to accumulate nearly more than one would want to know about hotel guests' reuse of towels.

They were able to amass the following demographic results:

(MAIR & BERGIN-SEERS, 2010).

Mair and Bergin-Seers also accumulated the following data on the impact of the towel reuse requests:

(MAIR & BERGIN-SEERS, 2010).

Mair and Bergin-Seers also divided impact according to which of the four requests each guest received:

(MAIR…. [read more]


Tourist Behavior Toward Nature-Based Tourism Multiple Chapters

… The primary concept that is a part of ecotourism is that it entails consciousness and admiration of the Mother Nature and the activities based on it (Fennell, 2001, 2008).

Another concept that is a vital part of ecotourism is pertinent to the regional communal groups like contribution (Ross and Wall, 1999), prospective advantages (Honey, 2008) and authorisation (Scheyvens, 2002). The next concept is related to knowledge (Honey, 2002) and such tourism in which people consider themselves accountable (Fennell and Dowling, 2003). Lastly, ecotourism fosters maintainability (Blamey, 2001; Cole and Sinclair, 2002) and preservation (Wood, 2002).

Although various experts have investigated the definition, influence and shortcomings of ecotourism, comparatively less have discovered the viewpoints and behaviours of players dealing with the supply chain connecting a traveller…. [read more]


Tourism vs. The Environment Term Paper

… Locals would have reduced access to the resources located near them in the protected area. This is sometimes a hard selling point. On the other hand, locals might enjoy a new job market. Implementing an ecotourism plan should also include small local businesses.

Some areas are fighting to have environmental studies. The Sierra Club sued the state of Hawaii last year in order to force it to complete an environmental study. The Sierra Club wanted the study done before spending $114 million of taxpayer money.

Should businesses be environmentally friendly? Of course. However, they are in business to make money. Without tax incentives from the government or something similar, there is no inititive for businesses to maintain the integrity of the environment.

Campbell, L.M., (1999)…. [read more]


International Management the Cultural Tourism Essay

… Advertisement and information may change, however, the ways that these tourists react (McKercher, 2002).

Message interpretation

The effectiveness of an advertisement policy is measured by the quotient of involvement aroused in a tourist that the policy induces. Message processing model in Richard Vaughn (1986) helps in understanding how a message can coincide with state of mind through the virtue of cultural orientation and expectation (Kantanen et al., 2006).

Commercial communication and information broadcast has been elaborately discussed by Vaughn forming a distinction and correlation between affective and cognitive nature of communication. According to him, there are four main marketing strategies: habitual, satisfaction, affective and informative. The theory proposes that marketing strategies require designing of variables differently in a high involvement product and a low involvement…. [read more]


Shopping Tourism in Hong Kong Essay

… " (Hong Kong Tourism Commission, 2011 p.1) This is due to the modern transportation network and "tourist-oriented authentic Chinese traditions when combined provide "both convenience and nostalgia" in tourism destinations and the time spent as well as the money spent in those locations. Cultural tourism has then served to drive the growth of tourism industry participants and moreover has driven the profitability of shopping tourism businesses in Hong Kong. Domestic cultural tourism is such that places a variety of individuals into a group experience that is voluntary in nature and based on identification with the traditional Hong Kong culture.

Visa reports a study that included representation of shopping tourists from Canada, The United States of America, Thailand, China, Hong Kong (SAR), Vietnam, Cambodia, and the…. [read more]


Environmental Tourism/Eco-tourism the Hotel Sector in Malaysia Dissertation

… Environmental Tourism/eco-Tourism

The Hotel Sector in Malaysia

The work of Kasim (2007) entitled: "Environmentalism in the Hotel Sector: Evidence of Drivers and Barriers in Penang Malaysia" reports that the link between tourism businesses and their impact to the environmental are often hidden or veiled by the promotion of tourism as a 'soft' industry. It is this that perhaps best explains the reason that few studies of these driver and the associated barriers in the operation of a corporation with the environment in mind and most specifically in developing countries is often an earner of foreign exchange. Kasim's work claims to narrow the gaps and provides evidence of the specific drivers of environmentalism in the hotel sector of Penang, Malaysia.

Through use of qualitative data gathered…. [read more]


Use of Social Media Term Paper

… ¶ … Social Media

Travel and tourism, a multibillion-dollar worldwide industry, with the UK being one of the premier tourist destinations, has constantly relied greatly on endorsement and advertising as platforms for the enormous number of destinations, spots, and vacation selections; hotels, resorts, areas, and countries; challenging for travel business, not to bring up the crowd of carriers, airlines, trains, cruise liners, buses, and other transport vehicles for travellers to those destinations. So imperative is the business that there are whole venues (together with smaller nations) whose financial systems are just about wholly reliant on tourism.

Travel PR in a Digital Age

Just like most other industries, the social media revolution has had a deep impact on the travel and tourism markets; both in terms…. [read more]


Geographical Process Tourism Hawaii Essay

… There are social as well as environmental impacts both on the tourists and locals. The previous research show that Hawaii

Social Impacts

In environment recourses represent familiar resource category to geographers, social resources definitely do not. This category emerges from experiences tourists have with the people they meet at the destination. For Hawaii, these people were almost exclusively local residents. In travel narratives the descriptions of social experiences often took up large percentage of text. At times this seemed wholly out of proportion to the importance of the person being described. Form this, it can be concluded that social experience with local residents are important; they fulfilled needs just as much as did any of the other major categories.

Environmental Resources

Climate has undoubtedly been…. [read more]


Narrative vs. Descriptive What Is My Favorite Essay

… Narrative vs. Descriptive

What is my favorite vacation spot?

The state of Wisconsin is called "America's Dairyland" because of all the milk and cheese that is produced in the state, but for many people Wisconsin is also a wonderland of fascinating, beautiful, and memorable places to visit and experience. A favorite summer vacation for me is to go into northern Wisconsin for a week to ten days. Notice I said "summer vacation" because I'm not one to spend a lot of time outdoors in the winter, in fact I don't really enjoy skiing, ice-skating, tobogganing and building snowmen at ten below zero. But in the summer I can actually engage in some of my favorite outdoor activities, like hiking, fishing, camping, biking, horseback riding, canoeing,…. [read more]


BP Oil Spill Strategy Essay

… It is estimated that more than 8,000 birds and other forms of marine life including sea turtles and other marine mammals were found either injured or dead during the first six months after the oil spill occurred. In addition to the effects of the toxic hydrocarbons in the crude oil, the chemicals and dispersants used by BP to restrict the spread of oil in the sea may have serious long-term effects on the marine and coastal wildlife. National Wildlife Federation (2012) reports that among some of the immediate effects of the oil spill were those seen in the form of bodies of birds and sea turtles covered in oil. There is also the risk that marine mammals may have swallowed the oil causing health problems…. [read more]


Polish Tourists and Their Recent Tourism Trends Thesis

… Polish Tourists and Their Recent Tourism Trends

Polish Tourists and Recent Trends

The forces of globalization have changed the way we now see and live life. The fact that social, political, technological, cultural and economic features have transcended boundaries materialized in new features, to which the contemporaneous society has quickly adapted. Technological innovations in the United States were brought to emergent European countries, making the lives of individuals easier. The transfer of capital from highly developed countries has resulted in the opening of new corporate plants in less developed countries, to culminate with the creation of additional jobs and the formation of a more reliable source of economic stability.

The examples of how the forces of globalization have impacted the social climate are endless and…. [read more]


Terrorist Attacks on New York Term Paper

… The Federal Census Bureau (2000) estimates that the minority population will increase from 28% in 1999 to 47% in 2050.

Acculturation refers to changes in cultural attitudes, values, and behaviors as a result of geographical contact between members of two cultures (Redfield, Linton, and Herskovits 1936). When two cultures live together, they must make certain compromises, yet still maintain their sense of identity (Berry 1998; Berry and Sam 1996; and Berry, Trimble, and Olmedo 1986). In mixed societies, such as that of America, cultural groups and their individual members must deal with the issue every day.

When these two underlying issues are considered, four acculturation strategies are generated. First, an assimilation strategy holds that the acculturating group adopts the dominant culture and sheds their original…. [read more]


Water Geography Term Paper

… Water Geography - Definitions - Safe Water - Dams

Water surplus/Deficit

Water surplus and water deficits are the polar opposites of one another. A water surplus refers to a period in time where there is an abundance of water, enough water for plants to feed on and aquatic life to thrive on. A water surplus may result from natural causes including high precipitation levels or a tropical environment. A water deficit occurs when there is not an abundance of water, and thus stored or saved water must be utilized.

When there is enough rain for example, plant and aquatic life store the water they need, and use it during times when precipitation is not high enough to provide for daily use. Water deficits are common…. [read more]


Exxon's Oil Tanker Valdez Ran Aground Term Paper

… ¶ … Exxon's oil tanker Valdez ran aground in the Alaskan region of Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound. The accident caused an unprecedented oil spill, causing more than 11 million of the crude go wasted on the surface. The accident was largest of the oil tanker spill in the history of United States. The impact of the spill was disastrous, much because of the reason that the spill can not be controlled. The crude spilled in South Alaskan region coast, affecting areas of Prince William Sound, the Kenai Peninsula, lower Cook Inlet, Kodiak Archipelago, and Alaska Peninsula. The affected territory included three national parks, five State parks, four State critical habitat areas, and a State game sanctuary. The oil spill reached the shoreline nearly…. [read more]


Sustainable Development in the South Essay

… ( )

It is reported that making these problems worse is that fact that countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and other such regions characterized by poverty is that they are

"controlled by small elite groupings that control a disproportionately large share of the national income, and therefore have a disproportionate amount of political power and influence. The poor therefore do not have a forum for voicing their concerns, and because of a lack of political power, their needs are seldom articulated. Elite-dominated governments often maintain their power with military force, or even starvation, and rarely provide democratic options for society. Factors such as their colonial history, the concentration of political and economic power among a privileged minority, undemocratic governmental structures and poorly trained and paid bureaucrats…. [read more]


Passamaquoddy Tribe and Harbour Porpoise Thesis

… Passamaquoddy Tribe & Harbor Porpoise

Running Page: OPPOSING TRIBAL INSULT AND ENVIRONMENTAL ONSLAUGHT

Passamaquoddy Tribe and Harbor Porpoise

History of the Passamaquoddy Tribe

Historical records say that the Passamaquoddy people were the first inhabitants of the Quoddy area in Maine and New Brunswick, Canada (St. Croix Heritage, 2009). They consisted of small and mobile groups who were primarily hunters and gatherers who settled at the St. Croix valley in the beginning of the 16th century. They were also called Etchemins by the French explorers who first encountered them at that time. The Passamaquoddies spoke the Algonquian language and a Wabanaki dialect, which was similar to that of the Maliseet of the St. John River Valley. At this first formal contact with Europeans, the Passamaquoddies subsisted…. [read more]


Ecotourism the Emerging Ecotourism Market Eight Years Research Proposal

… Ecotourism

The Emerging Ecotourism Market

Eight years into the 21st Century, people from the industrialized world are beginning to grasp a fuller understanding of how their actions impact those across the globe. Where there was once little interest in protecting the environment, many are beginning to understand how using resources irresponsibly depletes not only the resources of those in Third World countries, but also those of their future, and their children's future. It is for this reason, among others, that a focus on sustainable living has become center focus. Now, more and more people shopping, even at discount food stores, are using reusable shopping bags, carpooling, and buying organic foods. Just as many practices, such as shopping and traveling have now "gone green," so to…. [read more]


Culture in This Briefing New Essay

… They try to have as few rules as possible to govern themselves. The people in these cultures usually tend to be much more pragmatic and are also more tolerant of change (ibid 173-177).

The definition of individualism and collectivism refers to the social frameworks in with which individuals prioritize their individual or group needs. In individualistic societies, the individuals are expected to look after themselves. In collectivist societies, individuals are expected to look out for one another. Organisations protect their employee's interests. However, in individualist societies stress is put upon individual rights and personal achievements. People are expected to stand up for themselves and their immediate family members and to choose their own personal affiliations. In contrast, individuals in collectivist societies act predominantly as the…. [read more]


International Emphasis on Education Methodology Chapter

… Strauss would say that the quality of a theory can be evaluated by the process by which a theory is constructed." (p.1) The work of Weilgamage and Siengthai (2003) entitled "Employer Needs and Graduate Skills: The Gap between Employer Expectations and Job Expectations of Sri Lankan University Graduates" reports that the data for the study were "… gathered through structured interviews and surveys of selected sample of (better specify the exact number of responses from each sample category here) employers, unemployed graduates, employed graduates, current university students and university faculty members. Survey questions were designed to obtain information on perceptions and attitudes of sample respondents based on the determinants identified from the literature review. It is required that the researcher be sensitive to the following…. [read more]


Future of the Cruise Line Term Paper

… The product of a cruise line is entertainment. A cruise is a highly desirable form of entertainment for many. There are many other forms of entertainment. After the World Trade Tower attacks, the video industry and other forms of domestic entertainment saw an increase, while travel and vacationing saw a drastic drop. However, when confidence in air travel was restored, the cruise line industry went back up to near normal levels quickly. The threat of buyers selecting another form of entertainment is highly tied to consumer confidence. When consumer confidence is high, it is clear that cruises are a preferred mode of entertainment.

SWOT Analysis

The key strengths of the cruise line industry are its high desirability among consumers. Cruises appeal to the American public's…. [read more]


Westjet vs. Air Canada Why Westjet Will Win Dissertation

… ¶ … airline industry has become increasingly competitive in recent years due in part to the horsewhipping it experienced following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The ongoing global economic downturn and high energy prices have added further constraints to airline performance. In this environment, it is not surprising that airlines that are agile and nimble in their response to changing market conditions will enjoy a competitive advantage, and this has certainly been the case with WestJet's performance compared to the struggling Air Canada airlines. By providing the flying public with no-frills, low-cost regional and international alternatives, WestJet has not only survived during this turbulent period, it has also gained market share from Air Canada, continuing the bleeding of this former industry leader. The…. [read more]


Changing Leisure Trends of Baby Boomers Term Paper

… Babyboomer Proposal

Over the next two decades the babyboomers will all be entering into their senior years. However, many of these millions of individuals due to their personal interests and experiences are already demanding and will continue to increase their requests for outdoor leisure and recreational activities that meet the needs of an aging population. It will be in the best interests of society as a whole and organizations specifically to meet and supply these needs. Yet, due to the differences within the babyboomer population, not all of these individuals born during this time period have the same needs. There are many who have little or a complete lack of interest in sports and recreational activities, due to growing health concerns, lack of income, different…. [read more]


Nationalism vs. Globalization in Taiwan Term Paper

… ¶ … press on globalization and its economic impact has focused on the incredible growth of China, Japan and Korea, Taiwan's emergence as a world player almost more dramatic. Once an ostracized island confederation, Taiwan has embraced the power of globalization and allowed itself to become of the growing number of success stories of the East Asian economic region. The question of how globalization emerged within our modern world and specifically within East Asia is a complicated one. It was the result of economic, political, social and cultural circumstances that were all perfectly in tune over the last quarter of a century. The Western conquest of the Asian region through Japan, Korea, Vietnam and other East Asian countries resulted in an influx of foreign capital…. [read more]


Concise Analysis of Mobile Security vs intelligence agencies Peer-Reviewed Journal

… Innovative technologies were pursued to treat such databases as one grand, consolidated, virtual database. In this instance, data mining doesn't represent the sole technology used. Network surveillance, pattern matching, link analysis, and other instruments are also taking hold. But the power balance will be perpetually disproportionate till governments seek facts held by private industries, particularly given the rationale of counterterrorism. The Treasury Department-operated Terrorist Finance Tracking Program represents just one in a number of financial surveillance instruments that may be availed of. In fact, in the post-initiative release oversight hearing, numerous Congressmen voiced the problem that terror financing largely occurred via ahawala, instead of Western banking, system (Bloch-Wehba, 2013).

Visualizing Criminal Networks

Awareness of crime network structures and organization proves crucial to combating terrorism and…. [read more]


Nintendo Wii Case Study

… This challenging environment requires Nintendo to invest hundreds of millions in console development in order to maintain a competitive edge in the console industry.

The global environment is generally positive. While core markets in the West and Japan are slumping, many major emerging markets are growing rapidly and offer substantial potential to console makers. There are major challenges associated with these markets, such as method of entry, weak intellectual property protections and lower levels of per capita income, but in general there remains tremendous opportunity for growth around the world for video game consoles.

Of these factors, a couple stand out at the most important. The most important of these is the economic environment. The challenges presented by a slowdown in the economies of Nintendo's…. [read more]


Economics and the Environment Although Terry L Research Proposal

… Economics and the Environment

Although Terry L. Anderson and Donald R. Leal published their book, Free Market Environmentalism (Revised Edition) in 2001, nearly nine years ago, a great deal of the material is aptly suited and relevant in 2009. Their chapters are extremely well thought out and for the most part balanced between the stewardship of the natural world and the financially viable realities of the American economic system -- and how those two concepts clash or produce cooperation. There are a full 28 pages of footnote references in the back of the book, with very thorough reference information presented. The authors portray real issues and offer seemingly workable solutions, albeit their generalizations are sometimes too sweeping. For example, just about "everyone accepts" that managers…. [read more]


Business Plan Assisted Living Facilities Business Plan

… Cedar Springs Brookdale Senior Living, 2505 Spring Ave SW, Decatur, AL

3. Morning Glory Meadows Assisted Living, 2055 Main St., Fyffe, AL

4. Morningside Of Cullman, 2021 Dahlke Dr., Cullman, AL

5. Morningside Of Decatur, 2115 Point Mallard Dr. SE, Decatur, AL

6. Morningside Of Madison, 49 Hughes Rd, Madison, AL

7. Morningside Of Sheffield, 413 Cox Blvd, Sheffield, AL

8. Redstone Village, 12000 Turnmeyer Dr., Huntsville, AL

9. Regency Retirement Village, 2004 Max Luther Dr. NW, Huntsville, AL

10. The Terrace at Priceville, 200 Terrace Ln, Decatur, AL

11. Wills Creek Village Assisted Living, 1050 Airport RD W, Fort Payne, AL

12. Windsor House, Inc., 4411 McAllister Dr. SW, Huntsville, AL

Competitive Advantages

Residay's competitive advantage is reliant on the experience of care, which…. [read more]


Sony Playstation 2 Case Study

… Sony must work with these suppliers on terms that both parties can agree upon so that they can continue to work with the larger companies. Right now, many of the video games that are made for the Playstation 2 come from Capcom, Dreamworks, and other large companies. Because Sony has positioned themselves early on in working with these larger companies, they are in a good place now and must simply ensure that they keep up strong relations with these larger companies and do not do anything that could alienate them or cause them to end their association with Sony, which would force Sony to scale back on the number of titles that they have for their video game console.

7. The main short-term tactical issue…. [read more]


Business Management Discuss Specific Challenges Term Paper

… 4. Detail the steps in the rational decision-making process as it relates to the following three scenario:

A. A manager at K-Mart who recognizes the need for the store to recover from its prolonged poor image and retail slump might follow these steps of thought:

1. People do not shop here because we are not as cheap as Wal-Mart nor as upscale as Target.

2. We do not have the resources to change our stores fundamentally so we have to capitalize on what we have.

3. We cannot charge as little as Wal-Mart because they pay their employees less. But we can capitalize on the public's uneasiness about exploited workers by running an ad campaign emphasizing our commitment to our workers.

4. Target has been…. [read more]


MGM Casino Research Paper

… ¶ … MGM Grand Casino opened in 1993 after ground was broken in late 1991 on the former site of the Marina Hotel and Tropicana Country Club, two properties MGM CEO and Chainman of the Board Kirk Kerkorian purchased in the late 1980s (MGM Resorts International, 2013). One of the primary motivations for MGM Corporation to create an entirely new hotel in Las Vegas was to rebrand and redefine the customer experience, including redefining safety from literally the ground up with the new properties (Sprecher, Pertl, 1988). The MGM Grand fire that occurred on November 21, 1980 was the worst disaster in the history of Nevada, the third worst in the history of the Untied States and left 85 people dead when it was over,…. [read more]

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