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Search Engine Heart Disease Lovenox vs. Aspirin Research Paper

… Search Engine

Heart disease

Lovenox vs. aspirin: Search engine PICO study

Lovenox vs. aspirin: Search engine PICO study

Heart disease claims the lives of many Americans. However, despite the common nature of the condition, the right cocktail of pharmacological treatments for patients continues to be fine-tuned. Aspirin therapy has long been the most commonly recommended drug treatment for coronary disease. For some patients Lovenox has also been used in conjunction or substitution with traditional aspirin therapy. Lovenox is an anticoagulant therapy that can help reduce the risk of developing DVT, or deep vein thrombosis.

Patient/population: Patients with heart disease

Intervention: Drug treatment (as opposed to lifestyle alterations)

Comparison: Is aspirin or Lovenox a superior method of treating patients with heart disease?

Outcome: Combination therapy is…. [read more]

Treating Cardiovascular Disease Case Study

… Cardiovascular Case Study

Case study evaluation

An analysis of the disorder

One of the leading causes of death in the U.S. is Cardiac arrest. It accounts for almost 50% of all fatalities each year and affects nearly 14 million Individuals in America. This number contains those with angina pectoris (chest pain) and individuals with congestive heart failure, resulting in inadequate blood circulation to the tissues. Nearly 1.5 million Individuals in America have heart attacks annually, and about a third of them die. In addition, every year, more than 700,000 patients with cardiovascular disease go through either surgery or balloon angioplasty (American Association of Cardiovascular, 2013). Treatment for individuals with cardiovascular disease is multi-dimensional and contains quitting smoking, cholesterol reduction, exercise training, and blood pressure control.…. [read more]

Cardiovascular System 10 Diseases With Symptoms and Treatment Essay

… Cardiovacular System: 10 Diseases With Symptoms and Treatment

There are many different types of heart diseases. As such, there is a variety of symptoms that pertain to these diseases. Still, some diseases share the same symptoms and the same basic types of treatment. Others, however, have distinct symptoms and forms of treatment.

The principle symptom associated with coronary heart disease is chest pain. Other symptoms include a heart attack. Essentially, coronary heart disease results from a blockage of the coronary arteries. There are a variety of forms of treatment for this condition, which vary in efficacy due to the specific symptoms a patient endures and the stage of this disease in which he or she is in. Lifestyle changes can treat this condition, and include…. [read more]

Heart Disease and the Elderly Essay

… " (Young, nd) In the elderly silent heart attacks occur without the well-known crushing pain or pressure and may present in the form of heartburn, shortness of breath, fainting or confusion and sometimes with no symptoms at all.

Age related changes in the heart include the following:

Decreased Heart Rate Response

Longer P-R Intervals

Right Bundle Branch Block

Increased Atrial Ectopy

Increased Ventricular Ectopy

Altered Diastolic Function

Aortic Sclerosis

Annular Mitral Calcification (Schwartz, 1999)

Cardiovascular Disease related changes include:

Sinus Pauses

Second and Third Degree AV Block

Left Bundle Branch Block

Atrial Fibrillation

Sustained Ventricular Tachycardia

Decreased Systolic Function (Ejection Fraction)

Aortic Stenosis, Aortic Regurgitation

Mitral Regurgitation, Stenosis Systolic Hypertension Diastolic Hypertension (Schwartz, 1999)

VI. Treatment of Heart Attacks in the Elderly

The treatment of…. [read more]

Communicable Disease/Community Nursing 2003 SARS Term Paper

… Individuals suffering from respiratory and cardiovascular disease should avoid spending time outdoors on days when pollutant concentrations reach levels that have caused health problems in the past.

Urban pollution levels in the United States and Canada can be monitored using the Air Quality Health Index (AQHI), which can be accessed through the appropriate government agency, online, and through news channels (reviewed by Abelsohn and Stieb, 2011). Patients with respiratory and cardiovascular disease should monitor the severity of their symptoms in relation to the AQHI, thereby allowing them to use the AQHI to predict periods when spending time outdoors or certain activities would exacerbate their symptoms. Monitoring the AQHI will reveal that some patients react adversely to even low levels of air pollution, depending on what…. [read more]

Genetic Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Research Paper

… However, the morphological expression of the disease did not differ between index cases and siblings, suggesting the location of severe disease manifestation is determined by genetic factors.

After correcting for age and sex, as well as obesity, hypertension, LDL/HDL ratio, diabetes, and smoking status, a number of proximal locations were found to score high in terms of heritability (Fischer et al., 2005). These locations were defined by a high number of stenoses in the left coronary artery (LCA) (p = 0.06), high number of stenoses in all proximal locations (p = 0.02), high degree of calcification in the LCA (p = 0.01) and right coronary artery (RCA) (p = 0.000005), and the morphology of the stenoses (Ectatic; p = 0.01). Notably, the manifestation of distal…. [read more]

Perampanel Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Term Paper

… These mobility deficits are difficult to treat with drugs or neurosurgery, yet physical therapy has the potential to improve these aspects by training patients in the use of pure or compensatory movement (Keus et al., 2007, p. 453).

Clinical trials settled for six targeted areas of focus during physical therapy for antiparkinsonian purposes, namely transfers, posture, reaching and grasping, balance, gait, and physical capacity; and four specific treatment recommendations were derived from them, namely cueing strategies designed to improve gait, cognitive movement strategies designed to improve transfers, exercises for balance, and active exercise for joint mobility, muscle power, and an improved physical capacity (Keus et al., 2007, p. 451). Several methods, such as mobility exercises, motor and gait training with external cues, training of daily…. [read more]

Breast Cancer Thesis

… Breast Cancer is a disease that has destroyed the lives of many people and their families. The presence of the disease has changed the manner in which the medical community functions as it pertains to diagnosis and treatment. Throughout the past few decades there has been a great deal of research conducted concerning the causes, diagnosis and treatment of Breast Cancer. The need for such research is reflected in the sheer number of people that are diagnosed with the disease each year. The purpose of this discussion is the examine the prevalence of breast cancer in the country and in Madison County, Illinois specifically. The research will discuss diagnosis, treatment and support available to breast cancer patients and their families.

According to an article published…. [read more]

Vascular Disease Randy Jackson Geriatric Term Paper

… Another important element in terms of lessening the effects of hardening of the arteries in the legs, according to the Society of Interventional Radiology (PR Newswire, 2003), is to quit smoking. "PVD is caused by atherosclerosis, which is often due to smoking," the article states. Those blocked leg arteries "can result of stroke or heart attack."

Two hopeful and positive treatments for PVD are now being used for PVD patients. The Food and Drug Administration approved a new procedure called "CryoPlasty" in late 2003. CryoPlasty (Knight-Ridder, 2004) is quite similar to "balloon angioplasty," with one major difference: in CryoPlasty, the balloon "is filled with pressurized nitrous oxide instead of saline solution." So, the gas freezes the walls of the artery for a few seconds, which,…. [read more]

Correlation of Diet and Heart Disease Thesis

… Heart Disease is not a simple illness; rather it is a conglomeration of diseases that affect the heart and arteries, the vessels responsible for pumping blood throughout the body. Coronary artery disease, heart failure, and heart arrhythmias are three common types of heart disease. Coronary artery disease occurs when arteries become smaller, so it is difficult for blood to make it to the heart. This type of heart disease is the primary cause of heart attacks, a medical emergency that occurs when an artery is completely blocked and the heart is receiving too little blood for at least twenty minutes. Coronary artery disease also causes angina, chest pain that is caused by the heart getting too little blood. Angina is often a warning sign of…. [read more]

Is New Technology the Best Cure for Coronary Artery Disease? Term Paper

… ¶ … New Technology the Best Cure?

Treatment of Heart Disease

CABG, PCI and Aortic Valve Replacement

Scope of the Problem of Heart Disease

Ethnic Group

Socioeconomic Factors

Biochemical Factors

Escalating costs associated with new technology for coronary artery disease

CABG cost discussion

Primary Coronary Intervention

Post-AMI author angioplasty

Reservations on cost comparisons

Who controls the patient?

Rising costs to patients

Quality of life

Conclusions for CABG and PCI

Aortic valve replacement

Current method of treatment: Surgery or Valvuloplasty

Percutaneous Aortic Valve Replacement

Subapical valve replacement

Patient benefit

Costs and benefits for aortic valve replacement


Annotated Bibliography


Bibliography: Note -- these are additional articles which I included, which you may wish to delete.


Heart disease is the number one cause of death…. [read more]

Female Gender Disparities in Cardiovascular Disease Women Term Paper

… Female Gender Disparities in Cardiovascular Disease

Women and Cardiovascular Disease: A Synthesis of the Literature

One in three women in the United States suffers from cardiovascular disease, or also known as coronary artery disease (CAD). This fact has stimulated the lay and scientific communities to recognize coronary artery disease as a significant health issue for women. Progress has been made in defining the incidence of heart disease in women and describing gender-specific differences related to cardiac anatomy and physiology. In addition, both traditional and gender specific coronary risk factors have been studied, along with the reliability of conventional cardiac diagnostic tests in women. However, a great deal remains unknown because women largely have been excluded from past research on the diagnosis and treatment of heart…. [read more]

Heart Disease in Children Research Paper

… Heart Disease in Children


Heart disease refers to a range of diseases, which affect the heart and, sometimes, also the blood vessels (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2009). The broad range of heart disease includes coronary artery disease, arrhythmias or abnormal heart rhythm, and congenital heart defects. In heart disease, also called cardiovascular disease, blood vessels are blocked or narrowed, a condition that can lead to angina, heart attack or stroke. Infections and abnormalities of the heart's muscles, valves or rhythm are other forms of heart disease. Heart disease remains the number one killer in the world, including the United States, where it accounts for 40% of all deaths. It kills more than all forms of cancer combined (Mayo Clinic Staff).

Atherosclerosis is…. [read more]

Conditions Associated With a Lack Term Paper

… This means that one is particularly vulnerable to contract the malady if he or she has intercourse with a person from the college. It is thus essential for the authorities to focus on providing young individuals with the risks associated with HPV. With most HPV cases being resolved shortly after being contracted, individuals are inclined to believe that it would be absurd for them to worry about the condition. This is further amplified by the fact that most of these individuals are reluctant to share their condition with their friends or sexual partners because they consider it to be little more than a passing problem. However, HPV can cause cancer and similar diseases and this means that it is an extremely treacherous malady (Genuis and…. [read more]

Anatomy and Physiology Term Paper

… S. pneumoniae are lanceolate, Gram-positive diplococci sometimes occurring in short chains. H. influenzae are small, pleomorphic Gram-negative rods or coccobacilli with random arrangements. Other manuals should be consulted for Gram stain reactions of other bacteria. (Meningitis Manual 1998)

Symptoms, Treatment, Transmission, Prevention and Epidemiology

According to the Centers for Disease control the symptoms of meningitis in individuals over 2 years of age include; a stiff neck, fever. headache, nausea, confusion and vomiting. (Meningococcal Disease 2002) For individuals under the age of two symptoms may include poor eating, vomiting and irritability. (Meningococcal Disease 2002) As the disease progresses some people may have seizures. (Meningococcal Disease 2002

The disease is treated through the use of several antibiotics and medicines including; penicillin, sulfamethiazole, sulfadiazine, and streptomycin. (Garret 1992)…. [read more]

Diabetes Is a Disease Research Paper

… 45).

Screening Guidelines

Pre-diabetic screening is taking place on a daily basis around the world. Some of the factors being considered include weight (as a percentage of height), physical activities, parents or siblings who are diabetic, advanced age, and individuals who are living unhealthy lifestyles. The American Diabetes Association suggests that testing should be considered in all overweight adults with the following additional risk factors: physical inactivity, first-degree relative with diabetes, members of high-risk ethnic populations, hypertension, women with PCOS, other clinical conditions associated with insulin resistance, history of cardiovascular disease (ADA, 2010). Additionally, individuals 45 years and older should be tested for diabetes and pre-diabetes and testing should continue every three years thereafter according to the ADA.

Prevention strategies

There is no cure for…. [read more]

Cardiac Disorders and Sleep Apnea Research Paper

… Typical breathing pattern with Cheyne-Stokes respiration with hyperpnoeic and apnoeic sequences in sleep stage 2. There are fluctuations in oxygen saturation in response to periodic breathing, with delay of the transit time from the lungs to the fingertip of the left hand.

Figure 2

Source: Kohniein, Welte, Tan and Elliott (2002)

It is reported that the presence of period breathing during sleep in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) has implications that are of a significant nature. Patients with congestive heart failures and periodic breathing "are more limited in their physical performance and develop dyspnoea at lower workloads than patients with disease of similar severity but without periodic breathing. On average, the left ventricular ejection fraction is lower in patients with periodic breathing and the…. [read more]

IV Aspirin for Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients Research Proposal

… ¶ … Aspirin for Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients


Organization of the Study



Aspirin (ASA) has been known to influence the bleeding time of individuals who take aspirin and it this is presumably due to the inhibition of prostaglandis biosynthesis and the resultant platelet secretion time. All observations in man indicate that long-term ingestion of aspirin is associated with impaired platelet function and prolongation of the bleeding time. Patients with inadequate platelet inhibition by aspirin, which is commonly referred to as aspirin resistance, may have an increased risk of suffering cardiovascular events. Because of this, identification of these patients with aspirin resistance by measuring platelet function is of great interest. This…. [read more]

Healthy Individual Is Infected Essay

… The mechanism of the antimuscarinic drug is that it decreases the urgency to increase bladder capacity. The role of the nurse educator is to assist the health specialists in carrying out the treatments. Moreover, the nurse educator roles are to educate patients on the appropriate method to take medication.


Pellati Mylonakis, Bertoloni, et al., (2008) reveal that infertility is a disease that affects reproductive system, which impairs ability to perform essential function of reproduction. Typically, obstruction of male or female genital tract can cause infertility. The alteration of genital tract occurs when there is a partial or total blocking of free flow of seminal fluid. Some of the abnormalities may be present at birth or due to unrogenital tract. Other factor leading the defective…. [read more]

Ace Inhibitors vs. Tight Glycemic Research Paper

… Other clinician-associated barriers would include the lack of financial incentives, practice inertia, and resistance to prescribing multiple drugs for patients. Of all the barriers to implementing combination therapy with an HbA1c target below 7.0%, probably the most significant is a lack of consensus. Without agreement between the government and non-profit stakeholders the implementation of combination therapy based on tight glycemic control to prevent or control DN will not be feasible.


The evidence supporting the efficacy of tight glycemic control for controlling and preventing DN is growing with each passing year. The current state of research suggests that the primary benefit of tight glycemic control, with an HbA1c target below 7.0%, may not be realized until years later. While this finding is indeed promising, current…. [read more]

Legal Aspects of Biotechnology Invention Essay

… Legal Aspects of Biotechnology Innovation

Legal Aspect of Biotechnology Innovation

The use of aspirin in: treating and preventing coronary artery disease; has been continually discussed as a safe way for effectively helping patients, who are suffering from the condition. Yet, the underlying amounts of dosages have been creating controversy among health care professionals, as a number of studies are confirming or denying the results of one another. In this study, researchers are seeking to determine the answer to the problem, by looking at various published and unpublished studies / clinical trials.

A Description of the Field of Invention and Background of Invention

Over the last several decades, aspirin has continued to create innovative solutions for dealing with a host of medical conditions. Where, it has…. [read more]

Pathogenesis of Atherosclerosis Artery Diseases Essay

… 13). This work has shown shear stress and cyclic strain in combination may better predict sites of proatherogenic gene expression. Low shear stress also influences adhesion of leukocytes to activated endothelium through enhanced expression of adhesion molecules (Cunningham & Gotlieb 2005, p. 14). Nitric oxide is also involved in the regulation of vascular caliber to moderate blood flow and normalize endothelial shear stress. As previously indicated, the mechanisms of NO are critical to vascular biology, signaling, locating free radicals, and also have heavy impact on shear stress.

The pathogenesis of atherosclerosis is complex and multifactorial. Atherosclerosis has gained significant research attention due to its relation with common cardiovascular conditions and cardiovascular mortality. The disease is identified by the build up of plaque within blood vessels,…. [read more]

Rheumatoid Arthritis and Atherosclerosis Is There a Link Research Proposal

… Rheumatoid Arthritis & Atherosclerosis: Is there a Link?

Recent research in atherosclerosis has yielded surprising results, as more and more dimensions of inflammatory/autoimmune diseases begin to show themselves as essential aspects of the disease. Though this research is in its infancy the prior research on rheumatoid arthritis as well as late coming connections between the incidence of one and the incidence of the former are being found occurring simultaneously between the two disorders, both of which show a higher mortality rate together and when atherosclerosis appears as unstable, i.e. inflammatory in nature. (Margolis, February 2007, NP) Much recent research is indicating the connectivity of the two diseases as well as an essential need to compare contrast and combine research to help determine the extent to…. [read more]

Human Papilloma Virus Essay

… The following statistics reveal necessary information pertaining to the prevalence of the infection among teenagers in UK. The data indicates those females are more inclined towards having infectious diseases and develop cancers. The contributing factor chart identifies important information of the factors involved in transmission and development of the virus initiated diseases.

Rates of HPV related cancers



Cervical cancer


Anal cancer



Vulva cancer


Vaginal cancer


Penile cancer


Oral cavity



Pharynx (excluding nasopharynx)



Factors contributing to cervical cancer (cofactors)

Smoking prevalence (%)

women 31.1

Total fertility rate (live births per women)


Oral contraceptive use (%)


HIV prevalence (%), adults (15-49 years)


The following statistics reveal necessary information pertaining to the prevalence…. [read more]

Pathophysiology Alterations in Breathing Work Leisure and Mobility Case Study

… pathophysiology: Alterations in Breathing, Work/Leisure and Mobility

Mrs. Judy Gray (post-menopausal female) Weight -80kg/Height 167cm / Nonsmoker / CEO of busy financial institution. This female exercises regularly and maintains a low fat diet with no history of shortness of breath or exercise intolerance. This patient has a history of hypertension and normal cholesterol NDL/LDL lower than desirable. Medications include Lipitor 20mgx1 per day and Coversyl 2.5mgx1 per day. Family history shows that patients' father underwent a coronary artery bypass graft at age 57 and her aunt and uncle died in their 30s from unexplained heart failure. Mrs. Gray experienced sudden onset of nausea headache and tightness in her chest one week ago while gardening and lifting the wheelbarrow. Patient rested and was a little relieved…. [read more]

Congestive Heart Failure Is a Serious Problem Term Paper

… Congestive heart failure is a serious problem for many individuals in this country. Primarily, it affects older Americans but it is possible for younger individuals to be affected by this condition as well. When individuals have congestive heart failure the heart continues to work and does not actually fail but instead it has difficulty pumping enough blood to keep the body supplied with what it needs. Individuals that suffer from congestive heart failure are able to perform many normal activities but they cannot do anything that is strenuous or taxing on the body because they will become overly tired and short of breath quite easily. There are several conditions that can result in congestive heart failure and these include cardiomyopathy, congenital heart defects, an infection…. [read more]

Benefits of Allopathic Medicine Outweigh the Risks Term Paper

… ¶ … allopathic medicine outweigh the risks?

The risks and benefits of allopathic medicine

Introduction definition of allopathic medicine is: "The system of medical practice which treats disease by the use of remedies which produce effects different from those produced by the disease under treatment." (Definition of Allopathic medicine) Allopathic medicine is also known as formal or conventional medicine and refers to accepted Western health and medical practices. The term "allopathic" originated in 1842 and is ascribed to C.F.S. Hahnemann who used the terms to differentiate conventional medicine from homeopathy, which is a system of medicine based on producing the same symptoms as the disease or disorder. (Definition of Allopathic medicine)

The term allopathic is used in one sense therefore simply to differentiate conventional medicine…. [read more]

Nursing Managing Case Study

… Measurable outcomes for these goals include the following: 1. No further outbreaks of gastroenteritis in the unit, 2. Symptom control and improved health status in the affected residents 3. Identified possible causes of the gastroenteritis, 4. Review of the unit's infection control practices (Garibaldi, 1999).

A single case of gastroenteritis in an elderly resident in an aged care facility may signal the beginning of an outbreak. (Kirk, Roberts, & Horvath, 2008)

Immediate nursing actions to manage the suspected infected resident include collecting a faecal specimen to confirm infection (Crisp & Taylor, 2009). In terms of the physical assessment, the nurse should palpate, auscultate and percuss the affected abdominal area to isolate the source of the pain. Often, gastroenteritis can be diagnosed by a simple physical…. [read more]

Congestive Heart Failure CHF Term Paper

… Those four surgical options are:

Traditional bypass surgery with or without combination surgical treatments

Implantation of ventricular assist devices

Ventricular Reduction Surgery of two main types

Heart Transplantation

Within these four surgical interventions as is known are many stipulations for action, care and means for recovery.

Traditional bypass surgery as discussed before is an option for many patients with extreme arterial degeneration and possibly valve damage. Yet, the traditional bypass reduces the load on the patients natural heart but does not always reduce the disease process or eliminate the need for further intervention, in the form of additional bypass surgeries or other means of intervention. Though still widely effective and widely practiced, the recovery and extreme nature of the surgical intervention can be deterrents to…. [read more]

Demographic Perception Survey of Patients Research Proposal

… " (Isaac, 2000) Issac (2005) additionally states that women with "an intermediate-probability profile, who are able to exercise and how have a normal resting ECG, should undergo ECG testing with Duke Treadmill Score (DTS)." (Isaac, 2005)

Isaac stress imaging studies should be performed "in the case of non-diagnostic ECG stress testing or in the presence of baseline ECG abnormalities." (2000) In addition it is reported that "pharmacologic stress using nuclear or echocardiographic techniques can be performed where the patient cannot exercise adequately." (Isaac, 2000) Finally, Isaac (2000) reports that women with a high probability of CAD should "undergo stress testing with DTS or coronary angiography, depending on the severity and stability of symptoms." (Isaac, 2000)

Features of Atypical Chest Pain include those as follows:

(1)…. [read more]

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