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Treatment of Co-Occurring Disorders Term Paper

… Treatment of Co-Occurring Disorders

The simultaneous presence of both mental illness and a substance abuse disorder in a single individual, known as "co-occurring disorders" (CODs), has become the focus of attention for many behavioral health researchers, clinicians, and policymakers in recent years due to emerging evidence of the serious and challenging nature of these disorders. Within the population of individuals with serious mental illness, for example, substance use has been shown to adversely affect the course and outcome of mental health treatment ("Co-occurring disorders," n.d.).

The federal

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) recently estimated that 7.2 million Americans between the ages of 18 and 54 have CODs. Persons at risk for developing a COD include individuals with a serious and debilitating mental…. [read more]


Anxiety Co-Occuring Disorder Research Paper

… In addition to that, a patient suffering from anxiety can also be faced with other co-occurring disorders such as substance addiction and depression. As a result, the patient's condition becomes precarious. In order to cure the patient suffering from anxiety and other co-occurring disorders the therapists must tackle all the issues simultaneously and make an integrated cure plan for the patient.

References

Casa Palmera. (2009). Anxiety Disorder Symptoms and Co-Occurring Disorders. California: Casa Palmera. p. 1. http://casapalmera.com/anxiety-disorder-symptoms-and-co-occurring-disorders / [Accessed: 11 Sep 2013].

Gil-Rivas, V., Prause, J. And Grella, C. (2009). 'Substance Use following Residential Treatment among Individuals with Co-occurring Disorders: The Role of Anxiety/Depressive Symptoms and Trauma Exposure'. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 23 (2), pp. 304-314. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2753528 / [Accessed: 12 September 2013].

Hazelden…. [read more]


Treatments of Bulimia Nervosa Research Paper

… Results showed on significant benefit from the combined treatment on depression symptoms. A significant advantage was computed for impairment in the short-term of 12 weeks only. The combination, therefore, was found to produce limited advantage due to the varied sampling and methodology. Future research should focus on predictors of response and clinical components (Dubicka et al.). This is level-1 evidence, which can be generalized.

8. A single-site study, conducted by Riggs and her team (2007) aimed at comparing the effect of fluoxetine hydrochride against that of placebo in treating depression and related disorders in adolescents. They performed a randomized controlled trial from May 2001 to August 2004 on 126 adolescent volunteers, aged 13-19, from the community and according to the requirements of DSMMD for 16…. [read more]


Dual Diagnosis Population Seminar Paper

… Population Needs and Assessment

Dual Diagnosis, Comorbidity, and Modified Therapeutic Communities

The term dual diagnosis is a term typically reserved for someone suffering from a mental disorder and a comorbid substance abuse problem, although technically the term comorbidity is more appropriate. There has been some debate in the literature surrounding the use of a single diagnostic label for a group of individuals who have a wide variety of different psychiatric diagnoses and different substance abuse issues (Evans & Sullivan, 2001). The term "comorbidity" was a term introduced in the medical field in the 1970s by an epidemiologist to describe the presence of more than one distinct different disease occurring in an individual at the same time (Feinstein, 1970). The designation of comorbid diseases assisted physicians…. [read more]


Neurological Disorder Epilepsy Term Paper

… In some particular complicated cases, the lack of full standardization (devices, methods, etc.) also make difficult confrontation of two or more different cases, methods, devices, which ultimately reduces the extent of efficacy of this treatment for epilepsy.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for the treatment of epilepsy tends to be a treatment which involves no side effects. It can work even if it is not beneficial in reducing the seizure frequency among patients. Psychotherapeutic strategies such as CBT can be combined with pharmacological treatments for attaining gainful results among patients suffering from severe epilepsy syndromes. This however requires a close collaboration between epileptologist and psychotherapist (Ramaratnam et al., 2008).

After having an idea about three major ways of treating epilepsy, one needs to approach psychological therapies…. [read more]


Treatment of Women Diagnosed With Dysthymia Term Paper

… Treatment of Women Diagnosed With Dysthymia

This proposal for a clinical case study of the treatment of a woman diagnosed with dysthymia employs a cognitive behavioral approach to identifying effective treatment modalities for patients with depressive disorders. In cognitive behavioral sessions, psychotherapists seek to help a patient identify his or her harmful thinking patterns in order to develop better coping strategies and social skills. The focus of the research in this study is on how people in general think, behave, and communicate in the present rather than on their early childhood experiences.

Proposal for a Clinical Case Study Dissertation - Doctor of Psychology in Clinical Psychology

Chapter One. Introduction

Statement of the Problem

Hypothesis

Rationale

Chapter Two: Review of the Relevant Literature

Background and Overview…. [read more]


Treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia Research Proposal

… Treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia

As a person ages, his/her prospect of contracting Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

increases. Children and adults of any ages, however, may develop AML This qualitative study asserts that the potential for development of significant improvement of therapies for AML depends on continuing studies such as the three which this qualitative case study investigates.

Need to add more to abstract

Context of the Problem

Organization of the Study

TREATMENT of ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA

"The overall cure rate for childhood [acute lymphocytic leukemia] ALL

is now approximately 75-80%; however, for [acute myelogenous leukemia] AML

the cure rate is between 40 and 45%"

(Belson, Kingsley, and Holmes, para. 6)

Context of the Problem

Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

Leukemia currently maintains the status of…. [read more]


Treatment Plan Essay

… This should therefore present minimal initial challenges.

The main challenge will be to find an effective focus point for active treatment. It is recommended that this should include a recognition that substance abuse is both compulsive and that it occurs with other psychological conditions (Sellman, 2009). In James' case, the focus will be an attempt to disassociate his basic sense of self-worth from external inputs, which created his sense of rejection and triggered his drinking in the first place. Social acceptance and James' association of this with alcohol was formed early in his high school career and peer relationships. Hence, there should be an attempt to create for James other sources of self-worth and self-acceptance. Clearly, he has the potential to achieve great success in…. [read more]


Self-Efficacy and Oppositional Defiant Disorder Research Paper

… Commonly, children who receive diagnoses of oppositional defiant disorder in preschool or early elementary school transition to a diagnosis of one of three major categories of disorder: depression, anxiety, or ADHD (Hamilton & Armando, 2008). Then, too, a goodly number of children do not develop co-existing conditions (Hamilton & Armando, 2008). Many children with oppositional defiant disorder continue to exhibit a stable pattern of the disorder as adults (Hamilton & Armando, 2008). In general, the more severe the oppositional defiant disorder is in childhood and the earlier symptoms were recognized or diagnosis occurred, the poorer the prognosis over the life-span (Hamilton & Armando, 2008).

The Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD is the most comprehensive study of children with a diagnosis of ADHD (Hamilton…. [read more]


Bipolar Disorder on the Routine Research Paper

… In 1999 to 2003, most youth bipolar disorder visits were by males (66.5%), whereas most adult bipolar disorder visits were by females (67.6%); youth were more likely than adults to receive a comorbid diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (32.2% vs. 3.0%, respectively; P < .001); and most youth (90.6%) and adults (86.4%) received a psychotropic medication during bipolar disorder visits, with comparable rates of mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, and antidepressants prescribed for both age groups." (Morena, et al., 2010 The study concludes that the increase which is significant in nature of the diagnoses of youth bipolar disorder in office-based medical settings serves the "highlight the need for clinical epidemiological reliability studies to determine the accuracy of clinical diagnoses of child and adolescent bipolar disorder in…. [read more]


Dissociative Identity Disorder (Did) Term Paper

… Dissociative identity disorder (DID), or as it has previously been known and is still referred to in popular culture, multiple personality disorder (MPD), may be one of the most misunderstood and controversial of all psychiatric diagnoses. DID is characterized by the presence of two or more personality states or identities in a single person (Gentile et al., 2013). These personalities take alternate control of the individual, which can cause the person's behavior to appear erratic and disconnected, given that each identity perceives, related, and thinks about the environment in different ways. DID is also associated with some degree of amnesia between identities, so that a person with DID may be unable to recall engaging in particular behavior and may experience losses of chunks of time,…. [read more]


Treatment of Psychological Disorders Essay

… , 2000). The hub of the treatment schema is cognitive-behavior therapy (Rothbaum, et al., 2000). The patient will be presented with a menu of options to include in the treatment and management plan, most of which he will select according to their individual appeal, but cognitive-behavior therapy is not optional (Rothbaum, et al., 2000). Cognitive-behavior therapy is the platform for treatment and the patient must agree to actively participate in the implementation of its steps, stages, and processes (Rothbaum, et al., 2000).

Treatment & Management Plan

Therapeutic Intervention

If the patient is willing, he will be introduced to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in order to begin challenging and learning to neutralize the negative intrusive thoughts that may precipitate his anxiety and panic-attack episodes, as well…. [read more]


Female Substance Use Disorder Term Paper

… Female Substance Use Disorder

Gender Affects Relationships Between Drug Abuse and Psychiatric Disorders, an article in the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), NIDA Notes (Swan, 1997), reports that when women had the dual problem of depression and drug abuse, depression episodes occurred first, and drug dependency came second.

In a study conducted by Dr. Kathleen T. Brady and associates at the Medical University of South Carolina - examining gender differences in psychiatric disorders among 100 abusers of alcohol and cocaine abusers who had sought treatment - about 48% of the men, and 70% of the women had a "comorbid affective or anxiety disorder." And 68% of the women seeking treatment had one or more of other mental disorders including "passive-aggressive, obsessive-compulsive, and antisocial personality…. [read more]


Pharmacological Treatment Multiple Personality Essay

… Group therapy helps them to validate their feelings. As a consequence, there is an increase and improvement in their interpersonal and communal competency. Group therapy is especially helpful for patients who were being sexually abused so that they may heal themselves through learning and cognitive training. Cognitive restructuring helps patients to lessen their propensity to dissociation. Moreover, Psychodynamic psychotherapy is another treatment approach that is used for gaining insight into the gist of the symptoms associated with dissociation. It is useful for helping patients to feel less conscientious and guilty for the suffering (Kreidler, Zupancic, Bell, & Longo, 2000).

People with dissociative disorders are traumatized by the past incidents. This is the reason why they come to therapy hurt and terrified. They are sure of…. [read more]


Anxiety Disorder's Impact on Individuals Term Paper

… A good example is an employee with OCD may appear to be queer and the condition may destruct people from the quality of his/her work and the aptness in performance. One the other hand, an individual who suffers from panic disorder may appear to be simply crazy and the boss may not trust the person with delicate workloads thereby reducing their possibility of a promotion (Hyman, & Pedrick, 2012).

How others may treat the employee with the disorder

The peculiar character of a disorder and most psychological diseases is the fact that they do not immediately identify as illness. This means therefore they will not be treated or accorded the level of seriousness it deserves. When treating a colleague who suffers from PTSD most people…. [read more]


Eating Disorders: Anorexia Nervosa Essay

… Demidenko et al. (2010), notes that women are most often affected by eating disorders during adolescence and early adulthood. This is critical period of identity development. Problems with identity development have been identified as a core feature of those with eating disorders. Research indicates individuals with bulimia and anorexia nervosa commonly struggle with separation and individuation from family. This may be attributed to the failure of an adolescent girl to develop autonomy and separation from parental figures. Furthermore there is evidence that a family environment that cannot provide adequate security, emotional availability, and attunement to match a child's specific needs results in either problematic dependency or detachment between children and parents.

Research indicates that individuals with eating disorders tend to be less encouraged by parents…. [read more]


Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in Adults and Children Research Paper

… Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, or OCD, is a neurobehavioral disorder in which the patient feels a strong need to control their environment (Yaryura and Neziroglu, 1997). In the process of trying to gain this control, patients have forceful, repetitive and generally unwanted thoughts and participate in mental and/or motor activities which they have troubles resisting (Yaryura and Neziroglu, 1997). This paper will begin by discussing what symptoms are linked to OCD, what could be the possible causes and how OCD is treated. The paper will then go on to discuss what can be implied from the culture, race, gender and age range of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder patients.

The basic symptoms that patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder tend to experience are obsessions, compulsions, doubting, hyper-vigilance and the feeling that they…. [read more]


Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) Essay

… Prior to the study, the patients were treated with homeopathic remedies. Sixty-two participants who had a 50% or more improvement on their CGI were selected for the trial. These were split into two groups, one was given verum for six weeks, the other a placebo. It was found that parents rated their children's symptoms significantly better under the homeopathic treatment, with long-term treatment averaging a 63% improvement.

Conclusion:

ADD and ADHD affects millions of children and adults. This symptoms of this neurological disorder can negatively affect both a patient's social and professional life. Although recent research has found the likelihood of genetic links to the disorder, there are also a variety of environmental factors that are believed to contribute to the development of this disorder.…. [read more]


Adolescent Substance Use Screening Instruments Term Paper

… " (Zoccolillo et al., 1999) Thus, the AAOD student is at a clear disadvantage in terms of successfully completing a high-school diploma and moving on to a career-oriented post-secondary education.

Additionally, high school is generally also a milieu in which the adolescent learns other non-academic life skills, including mature means of relating to peers and supervisors, responsible treatment of deadlines and priorities, and the perspective-broadening value of sports and other extracurricular interests.

Absenteeism limits the opportunities for acquiring such skills, and even while attending, the AAOD student in all likelihood will not maximize the chance to participate in meaningful relationships and activities. Playing sports while drunk or stoned, or both, obviously also risks serious injury for the student and his or her teammates.

At its…. [read more]


Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Term Paper

… Thus it is important that the researcher differentiate between alcoholism, PTSD, and a dual diagnosis. For purposes of this research the author will be concerned primarily with patients that exhibit dualistic symptoms of PTSD and alcoholism, not one or the other. Thus the body of research examined will focus on patients with alcoholism and PTSD simultaneously, and then attempt to discern whether one is directly related to the other via cause and effect or other relationship.

There are some studies that suggest that alcohol abuse among patients often results as a response to trauma, and that alcoholism may make pre-existing disorders including PTSD worse (Thornton, 2003; Jaycox, et. al, 2004). The link between the two is the primary focus of this research.

Research provides strong…. [read more]


Attention Deficit Disorder or ADD Term Paper

… Attention Deficit Disorder or ADD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-ADHD is considered to be a general psychiatric problem occurring in childhood and frequently continue into the adulthood. (Szymanski; Zolotor, 114) the Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-ADHD if left untreated has the prospective devastations for the child and their relationship with parents, peers, teachers and just about everyone else. (Jenson, 40) the magnitude of occurrence of ADHD is estimated to differ from 2 to 20% however; the incidence of this problem in clinical practice is estimated to differ from 6 to 8%. (Johnson, 75) the ADHD is regarded as a neurophysiologic disorder expressed in terms of behavioral features and related to considerable morbidity in the sphere of social and academic achievement and self-respect. The ADHD is actually associated…. [read more]


Psychology Treatment Thesis

… 29).

A crisis in mental health care funding is approaching rapidly given that the Baby Boomer generation will retire over the next twenty years and expenditures for older Americans with major psychiatric disorders will double. There will also be a serious lack of mental health services, providers and funding. About 20% of all adults over age 55 have major mental illnesses such as depression and dementia, although these are often under-reported and under-diagnosed (Bartels et al., 2010, p. 261). Medicare and Medicaid expenditures for nursing homes, outpatient and inpatient services, pharmacy and emergency room visits always "increase with advancing age" especially for those age 85 and over requiring "acute and long-term care." These expenses increase further for patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, although elderly…. [read more]


Borderline Personality Disorder the Following Research Report Research Paper

… Borderline Personality Disorder

The following research report focuses on a population at risk, those diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder. The report is offered in three sections. Part I provides an examination which looks at statistics related to the disorder. A definition of the disorder is given, with implicit defining characteristics of the population at risk. Causes are discussed with a relevant literature review. Social justice issues are looked at, with a discourse offered on factors of social oppression related to the population at risk. Part II discusses two courses of treatment with associated issues related to Borderline Personality Disorder, with an in-depth review of Mentalization therapy Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Part III discusses the political and social context of the issues relevant to the population at…. [read more]


DSM IV-TR Grade Course Alcohol Essay

… These disorders can be correctly diagnosed by using the knowledge of DSM which is categorized into five different axes. Axis I consists of clinical syndromes helpful in diagnosing depression and social phobia. Axis II has developmental disorders incorporating issues with children along with personality disorders which would help to diagnose the individual facing a trauma. Axis III includes the physical conditions which further help in understanding the disorders of the first two axes. Similarly, Axis IV would be useful in such a situation while dealing with individuals facing trauma since it incorporates the characteristics of individuals experiencing the life stressors. However, the Axis V of DSM would help evaluate the present functioning as well as the highest level of functioning in the past year in…. [read more]


Bipolar Psychiatric Disorder (Bd) Research Paper

… In comparison to the other 83 individuals that were part of the study, the research showed that the 29 with criminal pasts: a) had "more" antisocial personality disorder (ASPD); b) had less education; c) were more likely to have substance abuse problems; c) had attempted suicide more than the 83 without criminal pasts; and d) were more likely to experience recurrent "mania" (Swann, 173).

The convictions for non-violent crimes committed by bipolar individuals included "…fraud, drug possession or selling, burglary or crimes against property" (Swann, 176). The violent crimes committed by bipolar individuals included "assault and robbery" (Swann, 176). And while the hypothesis (bipolar individuals who exhibit criminal behavior can be linked to substance abuse, personality disorders and other problems related to impulsivity) was partially…. [read more]


BP Disorder Bipolar Research Paper

… In the acute treatment phase the focus is on suppressing current symptoms and continues until the patient is considered to be in remission, which occurs when their symptoms have been significantly are reduced and controlled for a significant time period.

2. Continuation treatment is designed to prevent a reoccurrence of the symptoms from the current or from the same depressive or manic episode.

3. Maintenance treatment is designed to prevent a recurrence of symptoms after the last episode has been controlled.

There have been numerous studies that have demonstrated that when treated with medications the relapse rates for bipolar disorder are substantially reduced and the overall improvement of symptoms is quite substantial (e.g., Goldberg, 2004). For these reasons medications will continue to be the first-line…. [read more]


Separation Anxiety Disorder Thesis

… Separation Anxiety Disorder

Separation anxiety is a very natural reaction and very much a part of the normal cognitive development of a child. However, separation anxiety disorder is an abnormal condition where there is excessive anxiety, which is far beyond the normal level for the particular stage of development of the child. Separation anxiety disorder is a precursor for several psychiatric conditions much later in the adult life. Prompt treatment is essential not only for its remission but also for its effectiveness in controlling the development of future psychopathology. A multimodal treatment program involving cognitive behavioral therapy, family based therapy and appropriate pharmacological intervention if necessary, is the best therapeutic approach to effectively manage the disorder.

Introduction

Separation anxiety is one of the most common…. [read more]


Eating Disorder Is Characterized Research Paper

… The client comes into the counseling system either by voluntarily enrolling themselves in counseling, through a friend or family referral or expert advice at a health facility. For typical patients, there may be a history of visiting other systems of care since it is likely that the patient will seek other forms of medical treatment before visiting a counselor.

Role of social worker

As a social worker, the role played will be in the long-term care segment of continuum of care since treatment of the eating disorder falls under rehabilitative care. This is because CBT aims at reforming the individual's cognitive and behavioral issues in order to achieve the goals of treatment.

The social worker is quite different from other practitioners since the social worker…. [read more]


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Symptom Management in the Combat Veteran Capstone Project

… Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been recognized by a growing number of healthcare authorities and U.S. governmental agencies as a serious and potentially debilitating condition in combat veterans returning from tours of duty in Iraq and Afghanistan. Although estimates vary from troubling to extremely alarming, the incidence and prevalence of PTSD among this population is far higher than for the general population in the United States, and the adverse effects of the condition are further exacerbated by a number of other factors, including early life stress, different levels of individual resiliency and a potential genetic predisposition as well. The consequences of untreated PTSD can be severe, including suicide, another trend taking place among the combat veteran population that has researchers scrambling for answers and efficacious…. [read more]


Eating Disorders How the Perception Thesis

… Dynamics of eating disorders and the Perception of Beauty

Eating disorders are medical issues, which, though distinguishable, have more or less similar traits and presented in a variety of angles. Explaining eating disorders like anorexia can take aspects like the development of the condition, the aspect of blame among the individuals and the denial of reality. Others include the discovery and secrecy of the eating disorders, the techniques for recovery and the experiences during recovery among other factors.

Development of Disorder and Blame

Kip Rasmussen (n.d) illustrates that understanding, managing and treating eating disorders is a challenging task. However, what remains is the fact that these conditions relate to some desperate and eventually self-destructive endeavours to "deal with" severe sense of failure and insignificance. This…. [read more]

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