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Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) in the US Essay

… IV. If drug-treated victims do not reach the above objectives of maximum accepted starting treatment, a decrease in cholesterol levels is an alternative step

V. Combination treatment has been shown not to provide additional heart benefit above the starting treatment alone and is not recommended.

VI. Work with nationwide and local commercial partners in motivating local public health groups to meet the nationwide objectives.

VII. Patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) should be referred to an effective continuous assistance program concentrating on weight-loss of 8% of body weight and increasing exercise to at least 150 min/week of average activity preferably walking (LeRoith, 2012).


Accumulating evidence strongly suggests that the majority of T2D incidences can be avoided through changes in lifestyle and diet. However, the…. [read more]

Diabetes Type II in Adults Term Paper

… Diabetes Type II in Adults


Insulin is a hormone released by the pancreas to bring glucose to the cells so the body can use it for energy (University of Maryland Medical Center 2008). If this does not happen, the body has nothing to use for its functions. Diabetes develops. There are many types of diabetes. The most common are type 1 insulin-dependent, type 2 non-insulin-dependent and gestational diabetes. Type 2 is lifelong and characterized by high sugar levels trapped in the blood instead of flowing into the cells. This type develops when the body does not respond correctly to insulin. It is often accompanied by obesity and insulin resistance. Because the cells are not getting the needed insulin, the pancreas produces…. [read more]

Diabetes: An Example of a Public Health Term Paper

… Diabetes: An example of a public health action plan

Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot properly use the insulin it does manufacture. "Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into [the] energy needed for daily life" ("All about diabetes," ADA, 2007). Diabetes may be easy to define, but it a terrible and complex disease and one which the public and even modern medicine has trouble fully understanding. There are two different kinds of diabetes, Type I and Type II. Type I Diabetes is mainly genetic in its origins. The ailment is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. In this form of diabetes, the body stops producing insulin…. [read more]

Diabetes and Obesity Thesis

… (Laska et al., 2011)

Both ignorance and laziness are often cited as the reasons that people are overweight or obese: Perhaps the most common cultural narrative about overweight people is that they are heavier than would be healthiest for them because they are too lazy to exercise.

However, the students surveyed by Laska et al. As well as the students at Hostos Community College are neither uneducated nor lazy. Indeed, it is more how busy they are than how lazy they are that seems to be at the root of weight problems for many of them.

Proposed Research

The above cited research along with preliminary research that I have gathered about students from Hostos Community College suggest the direction that a future comprehensive study of…. [read more]

Diabetes Why Study Diabetes? Term Paper

… Diabetes

Why Study Diabetes?

There are two kinds of diabetes, Type I and type II, and they both tend to be a problem for many people throughout the world today, but for Americans it is especially alarming. The major concern with the American people is that Type II diabetes tends to occur at a very young age (Gilliland, Carter, Skipper, & Acton, 2002). Traditionally, Type II diabetes was assumed to be an adult onset disease. However, research shows that the development of Type II diabetes in Americans tends to decrease as population ages, therefore it is especially important to educate young Americans about the risks (Gilliland, Carter, Skipper, & Acton, 2002).

Since American youths are getting Type II diabetes at a high rate, the mortality…. [read more]

Type II Diabetes in Adults Essay

… Diabetes: PICO Search Strategies and Results

Electronic databases are able to efficiently collect and collate a far greater amount of information and specific articles than would be feasible or practical for even the most extensive and dedicated physical research library. The digital age has enables databases not only to retain full-text and abstract records from countless journals and other sources, but also to allow key-word searches and other means of locating information in this vast store of knowledge. With paper records, such a research-friendly system would require a team of full-time readers keeping careful track of every topic discussed in thousands of monthly and weekly periodicals. But though there are amazing advantages to electronic databases, there are also some marked difficulties in finding information for…. [read more]

Diabetes Mellitus Among Older Age Groups Essay

… The first diabetes prevention strategy I would provide a patient upon discharge from hospital is self-management skills, which would help the individual to prevent complications and stay healthy (Royal College of Nursing, 2018). Self-management education is critical for the patient because most of the complications associated with diabetes are developed outside the health care environment. Patients develop these complications because of lack of knowledge on appropriate measures to manage their conditions.
The second prevention strategy I would provide is lifestyle changes recommendations, especially in relation to nutrition and physical activity (exercise). Lifestyle changes play a crucial role in preventing diabetes and its complications through lessening risk factors of the condition. Some of the recommendations I would provide include maintaining a balanced diet, regular physical exercise,…. [read more]

Nursing and Healthy Communities Essay

… Diabetes and Learning Games - The learning games could be used by either the school nurse, a science classroom teacher, or a public health nurse as a means to open up the discussion regarding diabetes. For adults, seminars at schools, churches, or as community events could use the exercise as an "ice-breaker" and introduction to the presentation.

Primary- (Sources: "Diabetes," 2010; "Diabetes Australia," 2010; "Diabetes for kids and teens," 2010; "Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation," 2010).

What is diabetes? A. A bacteria we get from food; B. A condition that happens when our body does not have enough insulin to balance the sugars; C. A type of heart disease, D. Something we get when we run too fast and our sides hurt.

Answers/Justification: A car needs…. [read more]

High Risk Family Type: Healthy Essay

… , 1992). Time effects included decreased symptoms, increased self-esteem and interpersonal adjustments. The role of an advanced pratice nurse in these programs is to help the patients overcome their distrust of healthcare service providers, to coordinate needed treatment and health needs. Working with this demographic requires a demonstration of trust and support, aspects that the disrupted family dynamic lacks. Creating a trusting relationship with the patient encourages them to return for future needs and thereby helps to control the cause of health neglect. An essential component of treating the homeless is to create a continuum of care that enables regular screening. This is the only way to accomplish the objectives established by Healthy People 2010.

The role of the advanced practice nurse as a case…. [read more]

Public Health Diabetes Case Study

… Diabetes Education

Public health Diabetes

Arizona: Diabetes programming and services

As is the case throughout the United States, the prevalence of diabetes has been rapidly escalating in the state of Arizona. The Arizona Diabetes Coalition was developed "to reduce the burden of diabetes on individuals, families, communities, the health care system, and Arizona. This is done by increasing awareness of diabetes, advocating for and promoting policies and programs that improve access to care, treatment, and outcomes for people with diabetes and those at risk for developing diabetes" (Arizona Diabetes Coalition, 2013, ADHS). The Arizona Diabetes Coalition releases bulletins offering suggestions on healthy meal planning and maintains a website intended to inform the public of the symptoms and seriousness of the disease. The focus of the…. [read more]

Type II Diabetes Prevention in the Adult Population Research Proposal

… Type II Diabetes Prevention

While modern lifestyles and medical care have certainly improved the longevity of humans in the developed world, and contributed to a greater quality of life scenario, those same lifestyles have engendered a number of issues that contribute to disease. Lack of proper diet, fast food, high fat and carbohydrate diets without adequate fruits and vegetables, lack of exercise, smoking and alcohol contribute to an epidemic of obesity which, in turn, contributes to a serious metabolic disorder called Diabetes Mellitus Type 2. While not managed by insulin injections, it is nevertheless quite serious and has a number of progressing symptoms that, if not treated properly, can result in cardiovascular, renal and neurological problems, as well as amputation, ocular issues, and even cognitive…. [read more]

African Americans and Diabetes Research Paper

… All of that is highly significant for the future of people with diabetes. The more education they have and the more they are able to put that education to use by seeing their doctor and accepting treatment, the more these people will be capable of living longer, healthier lives (Vaccaro & Huffman, 2012). Type II diabetes can be managed, but it takes commitment and understanding to do so.


Unlike some medical conditions that get progressively worse over time, type II diabetes can be managed and -- in some cases -- even reversed. Because the African-American population is twice as likely to acquire this condition when compared with those who are Caucasian, educating them on the risk factors, signs and symptoms, and treatment options is…. [read more]

Obesity in Los Angeles County Essay

… Note the similarity in percentages between those with no High School and those at or below the federal poverty level. Also note the decrease in obesity rates as education and income increase (Los Angeles County Public Health, 2003). Further, when we track populations over time based on ethnicity, we do see that obesity is rising across the board, but at a more rapid rate for latino and African-American populations than for Whites or asians. This trend is particularly alarming for the African-American community, with an almost 10 point jump in just 5 years (Office of Health Assessment).

Community Resources

Clearly there is an obesity problem in Los Angeles County. The overall conclusions as to the reasons are very similar to that of other communities, particularly…. [read more]

Type II Diabetes Research Paper

… If a person has a number of others in his or her family who are diabetic or pre-diabetic, that person's risk will be elevated (Fasanmade, Odeniyi, & Ogbera, 2008). While there is nothing that can be done about genetics, a person with a pre-disposition to diabetes can mitigate his or her risk by making sure to follow a good diet, remain at a healthy weight, and get proper amounts of exercise. Visiting the doctor for annual checkups and/or checking blood sugar at home can also help a person determine whether his or her blood sugar is too high, so changes can be made in an attempt to avoid becoming diabetic. For some people who are genetically pre-disposed, though, diabetes is inevitable. It cannot always be…. [read more]

Community Nurse Diabetic Clinic Thesis

… Community Nurse Diabetic Clinic

One of the hallmarks of economic progress is ironically the fact that certain kinds of diseases become far more common. Diabetes is one of these diseases. The causes for diabetes are complicated, including genetic as well as environmental factors: It is linked to the abundance of food in modern American society, culinary traditions brought from cultures of origin, lack of easy access to healthy foods to many working-class Americans, lack of education about diabetes, and lack of access to health care by many Americans.

The problem is so complex -- and the personal consequences for those individuals with diabetes -- that it can seem overwhelming. Where does one start in trying to address the problem of the widespread nature of diabetes?…. [read more]

Obesity Among Adolescent Girls in Saudi Arabia Essay

… Adolescent Obesity in Saudi Arabia

Obesity in Saudi Adolescent Girls

Obesity is a serious health problem in any population, but it is of special concern in younger individuals. The longer a person is obese, the longer that person has potentially to suffer the negative health consequences of being overweight or obese. Thus when children or adolescents are obese, this condition must be considered seriously both by the individuals themselves (as well as by their families) and by health professionals. Given that obesity increases the health costs associated with treating an individual, the concern should be one that affects an even wider audience, that of public health officials,

One of the costs that every national government must contend with in the twenty-first century is that of…. [read more]

Heart Disease in Young Adults Term Paper

… Young Adults & Heart Disease

Research Considerations

For this paper, this writer chose to examine the subject of heart disease in young adults, with the aim to present information for young adults to help them increase their understanding of CVD. Many young adults consider heart disease as an old person's disease. From this paper, some of these young adults may become more aware that individuals of all ages, even their age, can have CVD. In turn, they will gain access to strategies presented to combat heart disease.

Questions this writer considered during the research of this paper included:

Why is heart disease a current concern for young adults?

What strategies can be implemented to combat heart disease in young adults?

The following figure (1) relates…. [read more]

How to Avoid Diabetes Through Healthy Eating and Exercise Chapter

… Diabetes: The Rise and Potential Fall of a Non-Communicable Disease

One major global health issue that many researchers link to improper diet and lack of exercise is diabetes. Diabetes is a non-communicable disease that affects approximately 9% of adults around the world (World Health Organization, 2015). In the U.S. alone, 20 million people are diagnosed with either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes (though there is a third form -- gestational diabetes -- that can affect women during pregnancy) (National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2014). According to the International Diabetes Federation, in the entire world 387 million people are impacted by the disease, and over the next twenty years that number is expected to climb to nearly 600 million (IDF Key Findings, 2014). But what is…. [read more]

Impact of Paternal Abandonment on Female Adult Obesity Term Paper

… Paternal Abandonment and Female Adult Obesity

This work will explore the obesity epidemic, first through a comprehensive analysis of its development, as well as through a literature review pertaining to obesity and its controversial causes. The work will then go on to describe in detail the findings of independent research regarding the issue of paternal abandonment between the ages of 6-19 and its effects on adult obesity in women. The initial findings from this study indicate that there is a causal relationship between adult female obesity and paternal abandonment between the ages of 6 and 19. If this is the case further exploration of this correlation is needed to better understand the development of such results.

Table of Contents


Statement of Problem


Review…. [read more]

Proposal for Business Case Analysis for Diabetes Term Paper

… ¶ … Business Case Analysis for Diabetes

Cleveland Clinic

Achieving the overall business plan of the organization

Diabetes Monitoring will Strengthen this Institution

Using it Tools will Strengthen Loyalty to the Clinic

Positive Partnering with the Patient and the Clinic's Staff

Patient Outcomes are Improved


Staff is Competent to Use the Technology

Organization is Ready to Employ this Technology

Improving Access and Service to Patients


The technology facilitates providing a safe workplace


The technology inter-interfaces with current IS systems in the organization

The technology can be utilized with minimal investment with other equipment (i.e. PCs, video cameras).

The organization has sufficient it staff to support the technology.

The software has been tested and demonstrates usability and viability.

The technology is consistent with…. [read more]

EBP Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Research Paper

… These issues place tremendous stress physically and psychologically on mothers and babies and also are very costly in regards to strains on the healthcare system, which can be prevented through behavioral and lifestyle modifications. The importance lies in bringing education and awareness to women with diabetes before conception, so healthy choices and changes can take place early. Overall, preconception care provided by nurses in the form of counseling results in positive pregnancy outcomes for moms and babies.


Brooten, D., Youngblut, J.M., Brown, L., Finkler, S.A., Madigan, E. (2001). A randomized trial of nurse specialist home care for women with high-risk pregnancies: outcomes and costs. American Journal of Managed Care, 7(8), 793-803.

Charron-Prowchownik, D., Sereika, S.M., Wang, S.L., Hannan, M.F., Fischl, A.R., Stewart, S.H., Dean…. [read more]

Prescription, Nonprescription and Herbal Medicines Term Paper

… The effect of certain drugs on the enzymes in the liver must also be taken into consideration. Different sorts of drugs have a range of affects of the Cytochrome enzymes that exist in the liver. The drugs either induct or inhibit their performance these enzymes in the process of catalyzing other drugs. The effects of such activities are of particular importance in those patients that have been prescribed an assortment of drugs. The effect of a drug on the performance of an enzyme must be calculated in order to prescribe the proper dosage of the drug, so that it can be sufficiently be administered to the individual, who can receive it without having most of its quantity being reduced by reactions with enzymes in the…. [read more]

Leavell and Clark's Levels of Prevention Model Essay

… Unlike the nursing process of assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation, the Leavell and Clark model focuses on treating society, not the patient (Nursing process, 2014, ANA). Every level of the model involves social actions that take place on a widespread level. The patient-focused nature of nursing would focus specifically on how to prevent disease and minimize suffering for the patient. Leavell and Clark are interested in reducing the societal costs, both financial and physical, that occur when disease within a society is allowed to spread unchecked. However, both the nursing process and Leavell and Clark stress the importance of preventive care and early assessment and the fact that it is less stressful and painful to prevent illness and promote wellness than to treat sickness.…. [read more]

Obesity Is a Serious Social Term Paper

… Retrieved from

National Center for Health Statistics (2010). Press Release: Obesity Still a Major Problem. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from:

OECD Health Data (2010). Statistics and Indicators. Retrieved from:,3746,en_2649_34631_12968734_1_1_1_1,00.html

Ogden C.L., Flegal K.M., Carrol M.D. And L.R. Curtin (2010). Prevalence and Trends in Obesity Among U.S. Adults, 1999-2008. JAMA;303(3):235-241. Retrieved from:

Rogovik, A., Chanoine, J., & Goldman, R. (2010). Pharmacotherapy and weight loss supplements for treatment of pediatric obesity. Drugs 2010, 70(3), 335-346.

Rubin, S. (2010). The CDC and childhood obesity: Thinking outside the box. Holistic Health. Retrieved from

Schlosser, E (2001). Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal. New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin Books.

Smith, M. (2009). Obesity as a…. [read more]

Nursing Foundations of Community Health Essay

… Healthy Aging

For some time, demographers have expressed concern that the first part of the 21st century would face a number of potential challenges due to an aging population. A number of methods to reduce the effects of time are thought to be new and innovative, when often; it is many tried and true methods that are the most efficacious. This is as important for medical specialists, geriatric caregivers, and even family caregivers -- those in the trenches who are faced with the daunting and daily tasks of helping to care for our aged ("Family Caregivers, 2010). They know that using physical activity to bolster biological reactions is one of these methods that work -- and now science has proven that certain chemicals are released…. [read more]

Do Exercise & Healthy Diet = Weight Loss? Essay

… However, the exclusion of studies relating to obesity in adult females may be seen as a disadvantage. Furthermore, in this study, it is not quite clear how diet specifically contributes to weight loss.

Some studies on the connection between diet and obesity, however, report somewhat conflicting findings. Reporting the findings of 29 RCTs representing 2,101 subjects, Chen et al. (2012) in their meta-analysis show that the intake of dairy products had an insignificant impact on weight loss in the long-term. Nonetheless, as the study only focused on dairy products, it does not necessarily weaken the extensive evidence showing the benefits of dietary changes on weight management.

Education: Behavioural Therapy

Evidence also demonstrates that behavioural techniques can effectively result in the achievement of…. [read more]

Childhood Obesity Term Paper

… This implies that when the dietary treatment is stopped, weight regain almost always occurs.

The critical periods in the postnatal as well as the uterine environment pertaining to the development of childhood obesity have been identified by many researchers. Once these critical periods are well-understood by the midwives and nurses, it will be easier for them to devise ways for intervention and prevent the risk of childhood obesity in infants. Apart from the factors that have been identified in the beginning of this paper, recently attention has been given to the significance of the interaction between the physical and social environment with biology that is genes. Many epidemiological studies have suggested that there is a strong statistical connection between the maternal weight in pregnancy and…. [read more]

Program Is to Dramatically Increase Awareness Term Paper

… ¶ … program is to dramatically increase awareness and treatment of diabetes mellitus through creation of diabetes awareness program within Midwood, New York. Diabetes is a metabolic disordered that is characterized by hyperglycemia or extremely high glucose blood sugar levels. The World Health Organization currently defines diabetes in three categories, type I, type II and gestational diabetes. Diabetes is an extremely serious disease; the danger posed by diabetes is the long-term complications that result. Having abnormally high glucose levels will double the risk of cardiovascular disease, damage the retinal, nerve damage, and micro vascular damage, and general poor health that could lead to gangrene and in extreme cases amputation. Diabetes is doubly dangerous because there is no cure; once diabetes develops it becomes a life…. [read more]

Childhood Obesity Term Paper

… As is widely known, in the state of California the largest ethnic minority is Hispanic, and mostly Mexican-American. It is for this reason that the particular population of Hispanic-American youth in the San Francisco School District will be the focus of this work. "Hispanics now account for one in three of the state's population, due largely to an increase in Hispanic births that is exceeding the Hispanic death rate.' (Primedia, 2004, "Shifting Sands" website (

The population of the greater San Francisco Unified School District, though it includes many other racial minorities, has an overall representation of 21.4% latino students with an even higher concentration found in grades one through six. (SFUSD web site: ( This demographic demonstrates both an obstacle and an opportunity for…. [read more]

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