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What Factors Affects the US President Foreign Policy Decision-Making Process About Iran Research Paper

… ¶ … U.S. President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process About Iran?

President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process is a lucrative feature that ensures maintenance of security and stability of many organs of management in the U.S.A. The existence of the state and sovereignty of the government of the United States is all dependent on the natural and synthetic features of its decision-making processes as concerns foreign issues. The U.S. President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process has suffered immense criticism from other states and governments

The manner in which the country has handled issues concerning other nations is statistical. For instance, actions against Iran and Iraq are tantamount to the relationship existing between the two countries now. Therefore, the existence of intensive U.S. President Foreign Policy…. [read more]


United States Engaged in a World Term Paper

… ¶ … United States engaged in a world wide war against terrorism in the wake of September 11th, it is believed that we have become much more isolationist in our economic and foreign policies. Many view this as a reactionary step to the events of September 11th, however this view obscures a longstanding and growing set of dysfunctional relationships that have been developing between the U.S. And other nations. Ever since the post Cold War era, the United States seems to have become disconnected with the rest of the world, ignoring their particular interests and perspectives and engaging in our own set of strongly isolationist and unilateral actions. Although it is true that the Bush Administration has aggravated this circumstance through much of its own…. [read more]


USA Intervention of Central America Essay

… USA Intervention of Central America

The history of Central America was considered to be a colorful one, though it was a very complicated because of historical events that took place influencing the political, economical and cultural development of the Central America region. The United States of America intervention of Central America was very extensive in the twentieth century (Burbach & Flynn, 2009). The apologists and prosecutors explain the U.S. interventions by arguing that the American policy makers have genuinely believed that the Central America is an area of vital significance to the U.S. And so it has intervened there repeatedly in the name of states' security, despite the exaggeration of the national security threats. During this period, the worldwide drive for consolidated empires prompted the…. [read more]


U.S. Foreign Policy and the Middle East Term Paper

… U.S. Foreign Policy and the Middle East

Just as the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor forced United States into World War II, the attack on the World Trade Center during 9/11 forced the United States to find active and strategic ways to fight terrorism. With terrorism being born and bred in the Middle East every day, the United States needs to take a strong and effective stance on extremist and fundamentalist forms of terrorism. The best way for the United States to achieve this is by looking at the successful actions of its past when it comes to tricky foreign policy relations.

While many historians will attempt to compare and connect the Chinese revolution with the Russian revolution, that impulse is understandable, but misguided. "The…. [read more]


United States' Task of Setting Term Paper

… S.S.R. broke up, and now is strategically important because we can use those bases as we did during our war on the Al-Queda in Afghanistan, and as we may if we go to war with Iraq over weapons of mass destruction. Turkey also is helpful to us in our war against terrorism and drug trafficking, as well as assisting us in various ways in our war on terrorism (Barry & Honey, 1999). U.S. planes fly regularly from Turkey to survey the "no fly" zone in northern Iraq. Critics point out that we emphasize military benefits rather than the needs of Turkish citizens, and that we may affect internal Turkish policy in a way that might alter the country's development (Barry & Honey, 1999), thus illustrating…. [read more]


US Role as "Policeman of the World Term Paper

… " clearly marking the U.S. As a global policeman. Furthermore, he went on to say "Even a limited strike will send a message to Assad that no other nation can deliver." (Federal News Service, 2013)

Another example of the way in which the U.S. intervenes as a global policeman is through diplomatic and political means. The Tunisian situation is relevant in this sense. In 2011, Tunisia was the first country to break away as part of the Arab Spring revolution and, despite the fact that there are reports of the U.S. having supported the previous regime of Ben Ali, the American government was among the first ones to encourage the democratic transition for Tunisia (Shahshahani and Mullin, 2012). This was a result of certain fears…. [read more]


United States: Mitigate China's Influence in African Continent Research Paper

… China's Influence In Africa

Though the United States remain the sole true global superpower following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, over the subsequent two decades China has risen to fill some of the subsequent power vacuum, particularly in regions where the United States has never maintained a substantial presence. This is nowhere more true than on the African continent, here China has made important economic, diplomatic, and military inroads with numerous governments at the same time that the United States' focus is directed towards the Middle East, and particularly the War on Terror. China's success in Africa and the United States' own difficulties in the region are the result of historical and cultural factors that benefit the…. [read more]


Foreign and Domestic Intelligence Term Paper

… Foreign and Domestic Intelligence

The intelligence system of the United States is the most capable one assembled in the history of man. This intelligence community (IC) has undergone reforms since 2005 after President Bush signed the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act. However, transformations of analytical initiatives have constantly reduced the barriers between individuals and organizations across the IC and have prioritized missions effectively. A window of opportunity was evident in the 1990s that reexamined the existing structures and processes of intelligence. Emphasis for the intelligence community included, downsizing, streamlining, and consolidating, which forced them to prioritize on resources scarce to the environment. Members of Congress, think-tank analysts, and executive branch senior officials are a community growing interest of the U.S. government organization on how…. [read more]


USA Hegemony Term Paper

… S. kept Haiti economically and politically isolated for decades and refused any diplomatic recognition until after the Civil War. In more recent history, Jean Bertrand Aristide, a Catholic priest and advocate of liberation theology, was overthrown twice in military coups in 1991 and again in 2004, which had all the classic hallmarks of CIA-style covert operations. Not surprisingly, Haiti remains one of the poorest countries in the world, dominated by a corrupt and repressive oligarchy that the U.S. has helped to install and maintain over many decades.

Michael Doyle counters Rosato in asserting that Kant's Perpetual Peace between democracies is real, as is their tendency to be war-prone with authoritarian or non-liberal states. Not all groups within democracies are liberal or democratic, of course, but…. [read more]


How Has September 11 -11) Changed the Nature of US Interventions? Term Paper

… U.S. Foreign Policy: Pre and Post 911 term that appears repeatedly in discussions of American foreign is hegemony. Uncertainty regarding the meaning of this term led to the dictionary. The Oxford Desk Dictionary and Thesaurus, 1997 offers the fairly straightforward definition of "leadership, esp. Of one nation over another." Considering the contexts that the term was found in, another dictionary was consulted and this led to concepts that brought various commentators perceptions into better focus. The Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993 leaves no doubt as to the potentially negative aspects of hegemony in two ways. The explication directly connected with the term says: [Gk hegemonia, fr. Hegemon, leader, fr.hegeisthai to lead -- more at SEEK] (1567) preponderant influence or authority over others: DOMINATION. Following either…. [read more]


US Decline Term Paper

… US Decline

The decline of the United States

The Romans.

On them I impose no limits of time or place.

I have given them an empire that will know no end."

The Roman poet Virgil (70 -- 19 b.c)

It is a poignant historical fact that great empires decline and dissipate into ruins and dust. This was the fate of the Roman Empire, the Greek Empire, the Islamic Empire and the Ottoman Empire. Numerous historians have noted the cyclical nature of the rise and fall of these societies. The question that is central to this paper is whether the new "empire" of the Unites States is also to follow the path of decline and destruction that has been the fate of previous "superpowers" like Rome…. [read more]


United States Still the World's Dominant Media Essay

… ¶ … United States Still the World's Dominant Media Economy?

Is the U.S. still the world's most dominant media economy? One could probably make an argument either way on this question. Scholars, authors, and media pundits all have worthy theories and learned perspectives. And there is no editorial or socially constructed consensus as to the whether the media potency of the U.S. -- vis-a-vis an economically struggling and yet still culturally significant America -- has passed it's zenith and is on a downward slope. This paper posits that while the American culture still has an enormous impact worldwide, due in large part to mass media availability on a 24-hour news cycle in even the most remote parts of the world, the U.S. is not the…. [read more]


First Two Decades of the 20th Century Essay

… ¶ … 20th Century

The United States, which began the 20th Century in relatively quiet self-involvement, expanded its role in the world throughout that Century. Notably commencing during the pivotal decades of 1900-1920, America turned its attention to the world stage. Through official actions of the United States and internal/external forces, the United States developed into the restless giant that would dominate the globe in the late 20th Century.

The First Two Decades Were Pivotal in the 20th Century

The first two decades of the 20th Century were pivotal for the United States. During those decades, America underwent revolutionary developments at home and abroad. The Presidency of Theodore Roosevelt, for example, helped create an aggressive stance to foreign policy beginning in the early 20th Century…. [read more]


Energy Policy Capstone Project

… The world now is a high tech world and technology previously has helped us achieve wonders and solving this energy crisis wouldn't be any different from that. The engineers and researchers are fully equipped and they all the technology readily available. Events in history has taught everyone a lesson, dependence on oil can be a risky thing to do as most countries are not self-sufficient in it and its very expensive to import. Many new things already have been discovered to produce energy in fact renewable energy; this new renewable energy will change the structure of the world. Countries would no longer be depended on other countries and this renewable energy will change the structure of the world as energy is the number one problem…. [read more]


United States Policy Research Paper

… Considering the varied issues that divide these two nations and prevent them from reaching accords are several, many have speculated that the best way for a resolution is a bargain or package deal that addresses several of the pressing issues simultaneously. The Obama administration's approach towards Iran has been very similar to that of the Bush administration. It appears that the Obama administration is also willing to engage in direct talks using high-level government agents on both sides focusing on a diplomatic approach. Under the Bush administration the United States maintained its willingness to exercise military action against Iran in order to end its nuclear program. The Obama administration has not openly communicated its willingness to take such measures as they are wary of the…. [read more]


American Foreign Policy Analysis of the Middle East From the President's Perspective Essay

… American foreign policy as it manifests itself in the Middle East has long been a struggle. The last few decades have demonstrated America's attempts at finding allies and the challenges of controlling the area. After a tremendous amount of analysis and assessment, the best methods to be taken in this particular area are ones of strategic humanitarian action and development. As this paper will demonstrate, much of the discord of the area is directly connected to the fact that it's so impoverished and disadvantaged. Helping the Middle East and building where other governments would blow up, is the best way to develop the area. Such actions not only help develop the global economy, but they help to stabilize America' footing in the rest of the…. [read more]


Foreign Policy Towards the Middle East Term Paper

… Foreign Policy Towards the Middle East

The Administration's New Middle Eastern Policy

Peace, the promise of a new United States image in the region, and greater independence from the nations that would harm us. These must be the goals of future U.S. Middle Eastern policy. Thus, the three main goals of the next administration should and must be to begin to bring the current conflict in Iraq to a successful or at least manageable political and diplomatic solution rather than a military conclusion, to facilitate new negotiations between the Israelis and Palestinians, and finally to reduce U.S. dependence on Middle Eastern oil.

Political scientist Richard Haas warns: "Iraq, traditionally a center of Arab power, will remain messy for years to come, with a weak central…. [read more]


Middle East -- a Region of Ancient Term Paper

… Middle East -- a region of ancient conflicts and changing American policies

The Middle East has always been an important region in the modern diplomatic history of the United States. But "if the chief natural resource of the Middle East were bananas, the region would not have attracted the attention of U.S. policymakers as it has for decades." (Richman, 1991) Economically, the Middle East is a critical source of oil, the fuel that propels the productivity of America and the entire industrialized world. But the availability of oil is not merely a matter of dollars and cents for the U.S. The nations that control the sources of these vital fossil fuels have additional political power, in comparison to their neighbors, as well as economic capital.…. [read more]


Foreign Policies of Presidents Ronald Reagan and Jimmy Carter Essay

… Foreign Policy

Ronald Reagan and Jimmy Carter: A Comparison and Contrast

Both Presidents Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan had specific foreign policy goals when they entered office. Carter was determined to bring a fresh face to international relations by refraining from involvement in conflicts around the world, seeking to model peace and human rights in the U.S. Quite the opposite, Ronald Reagan entered office with the primary goal of preventing the expansion of the Soviet Union and communism. While Carter sought to prevent conflict at all costs, Regan prepared for it by maintaining the largest increase of the military arsenal that peace times had ever seen. Furthermore, extensive support of Israel and controversial involvement in Latin America, primarily the Iran-Contra affair, characterized the former actor's…. [read more]


U.S. Policy Term Paper

… U.S. Foreign Policy in the Middle East
is based Primarily on Securing the Flow of Affordable Oil

A change of policy is needed regarding United States foreign policy
in the Middle East. The current policy is one towards securing oil and
that must change. Oil is not worth American lives and currently American
lives are falling victim to the need for oil. Today, America is deeply
involved politically and militarily in the Middle East. While there are
arguments that terrorism ties in the United States to the Middle East, it
is the need for oil that directly involves the United States. And more
often than not, weapons of mass destruction are an excuse for conflict in
the Middle East and thus excuses for the United…. [read more]


Conflict Prevention Theory Essay

… Foreign Policy

United States Foreign Policy:

The Situation in the Middle East

The United States has been deeply entrenched politically in the Middle East since the discovery of oil in the 1930s. Before this time, France and Britain held loosely controlled colonies in the region, chiefly to benefit through their own shipping routes through the Suez Canal and the Mediterranean Sea. Since the discovery of surplus oil in 1930, however, the Middle East has been a cornerstone of U.S. foreign policymakers. Rather than try to occupy or control the various states in the region, the United States has opted to support existing regime leaders through financial benefits, weapons technology, and worldwide political support. This paper will aim to examine four countries, namely Tunisia, Egypt, Libya…. [read more]


US Oil Dependance Its Cause Its Effect and a Solution Research Proposal

… U.S. Dependence on Foreign Oil

United States' Dependence on Foreign Oil: Causes, Effects, Solutions

From the plastic utensils we use to eat at picnics and company parties to the cars we drive for work and for pleasure to the heat that warms our homes in cold winter months, oil runs the United States of America. But while it may run the United States, it certainly is not cultivated in this country in great abundance. In fact, the United States uses about 25% of the world's oil, but contains only three percent of the world's oil reserves (Reducing U.S. Oil Dependence). Thus, the United States is dependant on other countries for one of its most valuable resources. Because many of these countries are in the Middle…. [read more]


Iraq War in 2003 Essay

… Such views have been constantly challenged, with degrees of success and failure. And even at the height of the Bush Administration's militarism, John Ikenberry, writing for the influential foreign policy journal Foreign Affairs, cautioned against "a neoimperial vision in which the United States arrogates to itself the global role of setting standards, determining threats, using force, and meting out justice."

So, the views of the Project for the New American Century represent only one facet of American political tradition.

Bibliography

Bumiller, Elizabeth and Eric Schmitt, "On the Job and At Home: the Influential Hawks' 30-year-old Friendship Evolves," New York Times, September 11, 2002, available at . (Accessed: December 4, 2010).

Donnelly, Thomas. Rebuilding America's Defenses: Strategy, Forces, and Resources for a New Century, available at…. [read more]


Leadership of the United States Term Paper

… In 2003, 83% of the people of Indonesia, the largest Muslim country in the world, held negative views of the United States (Brand, 2005). However, some report that the Indonesian press has softened its criticism since the U.S. response to their Tsunami disaster. As Rizal Mallarangeng, Director of the Freedom Institute, said on NCR, "The [U.S.] Marines on the shores of Aceh, unthinkable before the tsunami, but now we see it and we have to be grateful for it, because all they are doing -- something that has to be done, must be done." (Brand, 2005) This may be significant since in the past Indonesia has been highly critical of U.S. actions in both Afghanistan and Iraq (Gecker, 2005). However, even here there was a…. [read more]


American Foreign Policy Change Essay

… The Civil War made significant changes to the economy. The need for weapons and ammunition fed the strength of the manufacturing trades in the North, while the slash-and-burn practices during the War all but devastated the Southern agricultural powerhouse. The victory of the North in the War set the stage for an American economy centered on manufacturing and trade in the 20th century.

From the start of the English colonies in the early 1600s through the end of the Civil War, democracy and social freedom expanded for all Americans.

The concept of civil and human rights and the concept of political freedom have developed substantially in the United States since the first colonies settled here in the 1600s, though not always consistently. Many of the…. [read more]


Terrorism and National Policy Essay

… S. went on to attack Iraq amidst the reservations of its allies. This policy gave priority on American freedom and dismissed the views of other nations where the views were deemed secondary or irrelevant. This approach led to the U.S. To have more enemies than it did before

Thirdly, Bush policy saw his administration engage in costly decisions. The Bush policy involved taking costly choices that were unpopular with its allies. These decisions include the following measures, which were undertaken. First, the U.S. set up the Guantanamo Bay after the September 11 attacks. The Guantanamo Bay prison was set to hold suspects of terrorism who was indefinitely detained and without charge. Secondly, Bush policy also was characterized by torture, as characterized by the Abu Ghraib…. [read more]


Macroeconomic Performance Since 1997 United States vs. The European Union the Transatlantic Economy Term Paper

… Macroeconomic Performance since 1997: United States vs. The European Union

The Transatlantic Economy)

Unemployment

Retirement Age and Associated Pension Costs

Labor Freedom of Movement

Resisting New Labor Entrants

Counter to the Trend: Healthcare Expenditure Differences

In Health Care, Europe also Has a Problem

Education: Europe better in Lower Grades, U.S. better in Colleges and Universities

Forecasting the Future: Europe and the United States

Productivity

Education

Pensions and Government Burden

Taxation

Health Care

This paper discusses the changing nature of macroeconomic performance between Europe and the United States since 1997. Although the U.S. has long exceeded Western Europe in economic and employment growth, recent trends have suggested that, at least in some European countries, unemployment is approaching low U.S. levels. Economic growth is closely related to…. [read more]


Business Ethics Changes in U.S Research Paper

… Society can be secondary but important stakeholders as the impact placed by business organization on society is long lasting. It is quite possible that the organization is not aware of its corporate social responsibility and the measures to maximize profits are in direct clash with measures of value maximization.

It is, therefore, important for the business organization to evaluate its policies keeping in view all the primary and secondary stakeholders. It is important to mention here that stakeholders are linked with each other. The disadvantage to one of them can lead to multiplier effect. It is also possible that stakeholders are connected in a zero-sum situation. Any benefit to one stakeholder may lead to disadvantage to another. For an organization to stay profitable, it is…. [read more]


Residential Segregation Since the Peak Term Paper

… After nationality of origin quotas were established in the 1920s, the primary group emigrating to the U.S. was northwestern European Whites, followed by Canadians and Latin Americans ("Migration & #8230;" 30-31). After 1940, Whites continued to represent the main immigrant population, followed by Latin Americans. In the 1960s, immigrants from Latin America became the primary immigrant group for the first time, followed by Whites. A minor increase in Asian and Canadian immigration also occurred. Between 1980 and 2000, Latin Americans and Asians represented by far, the main immigrant groups, although Whites continued to enter the country in substantial numbers. During the first decade of the 21st century the primary source country of Latin American immigrants was Mexico, but China, India, Philippines, Vietnam, and Korea contributed…. [read more]


Foreign Policy With Regards to the Middle East Essay

… U.S. Foreign Policy -- Middle East

What is the U.S. foreign policy with reference to the Middle East following the uprisings in that region of the world commonly known as "Arab Spring"? This paper delves into issues surrounding the position of the United States now that leadership dynamics have changed in the Middle East, and new realities are being presented. The biggest threat for the U.S. vis-a-vis the Middle East has not resulted from the Arab Spring however; it is the ongoing menace, Iran, and the possibility that Iran will successfully develop nuclear weapons.

In the December 10, 2011 edition of the respected publication, the Economist, the author refers to the 4,500 Americans that were killed in the "eight-year misadventure" in Iraq and posits that…. [read more]

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