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USA Intervention of Central America Essay

… USA Intervention of Central America

The history of Central America was considered to be a colorful one, though it was a very complicated because of historical events that took place influencing the political, economical and cultural development of the Central America region. The United States of America intervention of Central America was very extensive in the twentieth century (Burbach & Flynn, 2009). The apologists and prosecutors explain the U.S. interventions by arguing that the American policy makers have genuinely believed that the Central America is an area of vital significance to the U.S. And so it has intervened there repeatedly in the name of states' security, despite the exaggeration of the national security threats. During this period, the worldwide drive for consolidated empires prompted the…. [read more]


US Role as "Policeman of the World Term Paper

… " clearly marking the U.S. As a global policeman. Furthermore, he went on to say "Even a limited strike will send a message to Assad that no other nation can deliver." (Federal News Service, 2013)

Another example of the way in which the U.S. intervenes as a global policeman is through diplomatic and political means. The Tunisian situation is relevant in this sense. In 2011, Tunisia was the first country to break away as part of the Arab Spring revolution and, despite the fact that there are reports of the U.S. having supported the previous regime of Ben Ali, the American government was among the first ones to encourage the democratic transition for Tunisia (Shahshahani and Mullin, 2012). This was a result of certain fears…. [read more]


Latin American Politics United States Term Paper

… The corporatist system is one that can be beneficial to commercial farmers, while detrimental to rural farmers. Commercial farmers can remain in control of agriculture under this system, monopolizing the industry.

Over the years, many changes have occurred recently concerning the numbers and types of interest groups. Now interest groups are not just the army, the church, and the oligarchy, but also the middle class, workers, peasants, women, indigenous groups, university students, government entities, and international groups.

Even with these new interest groups, pluralism in Latin America is still a limited pluralism as the majority of the new groups are unorganized and inarticulate, and the political bias still leans toward the privileged rather than the mass. Because of its corporatist roots, Latin America mainly consists…. [read more]


USA Hegemony Term Paper

… S. kept Haiti economically and politically isolated for decades and refused any diplomatic recognition until after the Civil War. In more recent history, Jean Bertrand Aristide, a Catholic priest and advocate of liberation theology, was overthrown twice in military coups in 1991 and again in 2004, which had all the classic hallmarks of CIA-style covert operations. Not surprisingly, Haiti remains one of the poorest countries in the world, dominated by a corrupt and repressive oligarchy that the U.S. has helped to install and maintain over many decades.

Michael Doyle counters Rosato in asserting that Kant's Perpetual Peace between democracies is real, as is their tendency to be war-prone with authoritarian or non-liberal states. Not all groups within democracies are liberal or democratic, of course, but…. [read more]


America's Interests and Involvement in Cuba Term Paper

… Americas interests & Involvement in Cuba

Political

Economic

Social

Sources of the revolution

Nationalism, economic, social, political.

International

The view from the United States

The Revolution and the American intervention

Reactions in Cuba

Reactions around the world

The Cuban Revolution can be considered to be one of the most important events that took place in Latin America during the Cold War. Although the scale of the actions that led to the overthrow of Fulgencio Batista's regime was somewhat reduced to the Cuban region, the impact it had, particularly in the economy of the Cold War's balance of power and confrontation between the capitalist and the communist structures was indeed an important factor for the way in which events would later develop. Probably the most relevant…. [read more]


Advancing Democracy in Latin America Through the Church Term Paper

… Advancing Democracy in Latin America Through the Church

The whole of Latin America has been weighed down by dictatorial regimes. The age of Human rights and democracy had been met with brute force. Many of these military takeovers had been planned extremely methodically and the political forces could do nothing else but avoid any all-out confrontation with the military generals. However, a few groups who did resist the takeovers had been crushed in a short time. Also, due to lack of accountability and prevalent state of lawlessness, corruption became widespread (Edward, 1997).

It is important to note that during the cold war America directed many secret CIA operations throughout Latin America. These operations created a bad mind set amongst the people of Latin America for…. [read more]


U.S. and Latin America Term Paper

… S., so they add little money to the local economy: they therefore do not benefit positively the local economy. It is difficult to see what benefit Panama receives from U.S. troops stationed in the U.S., and it is well-known that U.S. troops are in Panama solely to safeguard its national interests with regard to the canal, not to help Panama.

Chile-U.S. fair trade agreement

The U.S.-Chile trade agreement (I will not call it fair, as it is not), is an extenspion of the failed NAFTA. This agreement, between the U.S., Canada and Mexico, was set up with the broad aims of liberalising trade between these countries; in effect, what happened was a further insurgence of U.S. business to Mexico, creating many of the problems already…. [read more]


Imperialism Research Paper

… Extraterritoriality extends to foreign states or international organizations as entities and to their heads, legations, troops in passage, war vessels, mission premises, and other assets. It exempts them, while within the territory of a foreign sovereign, from local judicial process, police interference, and other measures of constraint ("Extraterritoriality")."

Was the United States involvement beneficial or harmful or both to the local people

New Imperialism-first adopted by European powers- has forever altered the relationship been the United States and Latin American nations. The actions of the United States were harmful to the local people. In many instances various Latin American nations have been forced to spend a great deal of money defending themselves from Americas Imperialism. As a result many Latin American countries suffer with high…. [read more]


United States Has Become Preoccupied Essay

… But, America is making its best effort to educate common people as they should understand the laws and regulations to follow and to elect the right person as their representatives (Kurth, 2009).

Military development:

The innovation in military is changing the way of war of America. As American economy is re-creating itself, the America's military has also started taking advantage of the technology. In 20th century, there was no other power to match America's military power.

United States consider the military power as an essential element of its national strategy and it is viewing military as a key to achieve the objectives in globe. United States military instruments serve several crucial purposes such as to facilitate the Beijing's integration into cooperative security oriented processes and…. [read more]


United States and Nigeria Thesis

… United States and Nigeria

Prior to the 1990s, there was very little "relationship" between the U.S. And Nigeria. This is mainly because of the lack of democracy, human right violations, and Nigeria's military backed dictatorship type of government. It obtained its independence from Great Britain in 1960, and for the first 30 years of its existence as an independent nation has suffered through political corruption and uncountable military coups.

Governor Nelson Rockefeller's presence, representing President Eisenhower, at the Nigerian independence ceremonies on October 1, 1960, was the first time the U.S. had official representation with that country. With the beginning of the Cold War, soon after, our policy regarding Nigeria revolved around two points: providing aid and strengthening economic ties including purchase of Nigerian oil;…. [read more]


Brazilian Informatics and the United States Defending Infant Industry Versus Opening Foreign Markets Research Proposal

… BRAZILIAN INFORMATICS and the UNITED STATES: DEFENDING INFANT INDUSTRY vs. OPENING FOREIGN MARKETS

SCENARIO

The writer of this work is assuming the position of a team member on a team of advisors to the Brazilian Ambassador Flecha de Lima. The goal specified within this scenario is to decide if the Ambassador should seek or protect more than one value and to outline them in descending order of priorities showing the order in which they should be sacrificed if trade-off provides inescapable. These trade-offs may be debatable and might have to be revised however, the writer of this work will use the best possible judgment in making these determinations. Questions to be answered are the following:

Is the situation distributive or integrative?

As of September 1983,…. [read more]


US Policy Toward Dominican Republic 1930 45 Term Paper

… U.S. Policy towards the Dominican Republic

United States' Policy Toward Dominican Republic 1930-1945

"moral report card" on United States policy toward the Dominican Republic between 1930 and 1945 is not an entirely easy one to prepare, given that for the most part, America has been inconsistent at best and bungling at worst, as regards relations with its Caribbean neighbor, and a negative grade is embarrassing for one's own country.

But in truth, overall, the U.S. did far more things "poorly" than "well." And this paper defines "morality in international relations" as consistent with the definition of "morality" - which is acting within "...conformity to ideals of right human conduct," the definition in Merriam-Webster Online.

And as to "morality" playing into the relationship between the U.S.…. [read more]


Cuban Embargo American-Cuban Sanctions Implications Thesis

… The entire situation took over five months to resolve and only heightened tensions between the United States and Cuba. It called into question the reasonableness of many existing Cuban sanctions when an orphaned child could become the symbol of long-held hostilities and dissension between two countries. Many reflect on the incident as a yet another example of how the existing embargo agitates the Cuban people and other nations more than its intended target, Fidel Castro (Durand and McGuire 37).

Sanction Legality

The United Nations (U.N.) Charter has very specific laws regarding freedom of navigation and trade. Critics of the U.S. sanctions on Cuba cite the embargo as a violation of the U.N. Charter and damaging to America's international image and reputation ("Cuba: U.S. Moves to…. [read more]


Fall of the Soviet Union Essay

… In the First World War the United States had entered late and, although its involvement had an impact on the outcome, its influence was much less than its influence arising from the Second World War.

In the Second World War the United States assumed a leadership position. There was little doubt as to how important the United States' entry into the War was to the ultimate outcome and, unlike what occurred following the end of the First World War, the United States was largely able to dictate the terms of how the War would end and under what terms. The Allied nations, with the exception of the Soviet Union, looked toward the United States for leadership and this time the United States did not withdraw…. [read more]


Fresia's Contention Term Paper

… Slavery is a mark of shame upon the United States not for its existence, because almost all nations have known slavery, but because of the extent that slavery permeated American life. For example, at the time of the Revolution, there were certain safeguards protecting slaves from heightened levels of violence by their owners; by the time of the Civil War, these protections had completely eroded and been replaced by laws explicitly giving owners the right to kill their slaves.

Of course, Fresia does not stop his Empire argument with the information that America was a slaveholding land; he goes on to describe how post Civil-War America continued the vestiges of slavery. American imperialism was barely even slowed down by the abolition of slavery. Fresia indicates…. [read more]


United States and Fidel Castro Term Paper

… Anti-communism had become quite a crucial factor in the success of every administration during the Cold War. J.F. Kennedy was no different in his patriotic hatred for the communist threat. It was at this point, 1961, that Cuba became a major player in the Cold War. Castro derived much of his power from his image as a revolutionary. Kennedy opted to perceive him as a low-bound communist lackey.

To abide the anti-communist sentiment, and to compensate for his personal apprehension over an incursion of socialism in his hemisphere, Kennedy determined himself for an attack meant to topple Castro. After a long period of planning and denying, the Kennedy administration scrapped almost a year of strategizing in favor of a makeshift nighttime landing in Bay of…. [read more]


U.S. Foreign Affairs Since 1898 Term Paper

… U.S. Foreign Affairs Since 1898

Why did the United States go to war in 1898 and what were the consequences of the war?

Following the advice of its founding fathers the United States had, in the first century of its existence, kept well away from foreign entanglements. After the American Civil War (1861-1865) the country experienced rapid industrial growth and felt the need for markets beyond its frontiers. There was also a desire to show its political and military muscle at the international scene. The Munroe Doctrine and manifest destiny became popular slogans in the country as more and more Americans began to believe that territorial expansion by the U.S. was both inevitable and "divinely ordained."

It was in this background that certain events unfolded…. [read more]


Latin American Terrorism Issues Research Paper

… United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC)

This group of terrorist is relatively weak and less active. Very few activities have been reported by this group. It has more than 32000 members dismissed. Thus, it remains inactive as a formal group. Despite of its less activities, many old members of AUC are engaged in criminal activities mostly drug trafficking, in newly emerging criminal organizations (known as BACRIM, BandasCriminalesEmergentes). This newly emerging group has more than 3500 and less than 6000 members. To cope with this situation, Colombian government has taken multiple steps and made new laws. These laws are being implemented properly in order to generate peace in the region. One of the unique and most effective laws made in this context is the thorough and…. [read more]


20th Century US Foreign Policy Research Proposal

… Truman in Hypothetical Crisis

As President Harry Truman faces the Russian missile crisis in Venezuela, the situation in the states is one of cautious alert. President Truman is known for his hard line position when it comes to the Russians (Brown, Seyom, 1994, p. 17). Truman believes in flexing his American Military muscle, and will stand up to the threat of Russian missiles in Venezuela. The Venezuelan's claim that they fear the United States has a goal of "regime change," for Venezuela. President Truman abandoned what was once a successful and mutually beneficial "good neighbor" policy between the United States and South American countries (Rabe, Stephen G., 1998, 1). This kind of approach to foreign affairs is not Truman's way. He is a president that…. [read more]


Guantanamo Bay Term Paper

… An additional 16 voted for the Cuban independence measure and abstained from the Platt Amendment (Mellen, 2004). These votes from the hypocritical members of the Senate would have defeated the Platt Amendment had they not changed their position so drastically (Mellen, 2004).

The U.S. intent to use the Platt amendment as the means to legitimize control over Cuba was not a hidden agenda (Mellen, 2004). Congressman Corliss of Michigan stated: "I am construed to vote for the amendment with reference to the island of Cuba, because I believe that the adoption thereof will insure the continuance of our sovereignty. I am unalterably opposed to the surrender of the sovereignty of the United States over the island of Cuba" (Mellen, 2004). Congressman C.E. Littlefield of Maine…. [read more]


Spanish American War Term Paper

… S. was a respectable adversary and that they needed to employ extreme caution when dealing with the country. The U.S. understood that by emphasizing its power in contrast to another international player and by demonstrating the ease with which it could take over Cuba were essential factors that could get other influential international actors to become more restrained with regard to potential plans they held against the U.S.

The Spanish American War convinced many Americans with regard to their country's power and concerning the logics behind its actions. They gradually came to accept that it was up to them to step in and assist communities in need of help. Propaganda strategies influenced them to look at the Cuban-Spanish crisis as a call for help from…. [read more]


How Has September 11 -11) Changed the Nature of US Interventions? Term Paper

… U.S. Foreign Policy: Pre and Post 911 term that appears repeatedly in discussions of American foreign is hegemony. Uncertainty regarding the meaning of this term led to the dictionary. The Oxford Desk Dictionary and Thesaurus, 1997 offers the fairly straightforward definition of "leadership, esp. Of one nation over another." Considering the contexts that the term was found in, another dictionary was consulted and this led to concepts that brought various commentators perceptions into better focus. The Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993 leaves no doubt as to the potentially negative aspects of hegemony in two ways. The explication directly connected with the term says: [Gk hegemonia, fr. Hegemon, leader, fr.hegeisthai to lead -- more at SEEK] (1567) preponderant influence or authority over others: DOMINATION. Following either…. [read more]


Catholic Church Public Policy in Spain and US Thesis

… As I previously mentioned, the Spanish population is religiously homogeneous. Roman Catholics compose of 99% of the population, while the remaining 1% of the population is composed of those belonging to Jewish, Protestant, Muslim, and Buddhist faiths. In relation to other countries in the European Union, Spain boasts one of the most "religious" populations. As data from a study of religiosity in the European shows, as late as 1982, only Ireland surpasses Spain in religious practice. Further, by the end of the decade, the percentage of individuals identifying themselves as "religious persons" ranged from a low of 48% in Denmark to 72% in the Irish Republic. The Spanish percentage of 68% exceeded all other countries except Ireland, Portugal and Greece. In stark contrast to the…. [read more]


Paul Sigmund's ) Latin America: Change Reaction Paper

… Paul Sigmund's (1981) Latin America: Change or Continuity? does not actually introduce new data. The article is constructed in a manner which captures the attention of the reader, but the reader remains aware of the fact that, with the change of each political regime, the country's national and international policies will change alongside. As such, it was only natural for U.S.' approach of the relationships with Latin America to suffer alterations as presidential cabinets changed.

Similarly, regardless of the actual presidential administration ruling a country, it is natural for there to be advocates as well as disclaimers. It is then understandable that some people, generally the more traditional and conservative ones, militated for the continuation of Carter's international agenda, and an incremental emphasis placed on…. [read more]


U.S. Latin America International Affairs Thesis

… U.S. -- Latin America International Affairs

The three articles each address a different aspect of the relationship between the United States and Latin America. Interestingly, these aspects appear quite divergent, with some being openly negative in nature, while others are more lenient in their opinion of U.S. policy and the reasons for this policy regarding Latin American countries. In this way, the three aspects provide an objective perspective of the issues under consideration.

The first article being considered is "U.S. Policy toward Cuban the 1980s and 1990s" by Jorge I. Dominguez. This is the most focused article in terms of the specific Latin American region being addressed. Dominguez is somewhat critical of U.S. policy in the country, but does not suggest that related problems do…. [read more]


Latin American Women's Cultural Decision in Labor Force vs. Procreation in Past vs. Present Research Paper

… Latin Women and Vocational Empowerment Issues

Women have achieved great strides in modern societies, especially when compared with the historical role of females in ancient societies, and even in relatively modern-era societies. One of the most important aspects of female empowerment relates to the incorporation of females into the modern workforce. The greatest documented increase in female empowerment in this area was in American society immediately after the Second World War, mainly by virtue of the extent to which female labor was required during the war effort to replace the positions vacated by males involved in overseas military conflict. That conflict was, in retrospect, a watershed event in the progress of females during the 20th century.

In Hispanic societies, specific social and cultural attitudes, beliefs,…. [read more]


Economy of Latin America Term Paper

… In addition, the resulting emergency aid that emerged as a result (out of a fear of default on loans rather than any altruistic motive), only underscored its dependence on outside aid, investment, and influence.

Of course, no discussion of the damaging economic effect dependency has on the Latin American economy as a whole can be complete without touching specifically on the Argentinean Crisis. Indeed, many consider the recent extreme economic crisis in Argentina to be an embodiment of the problems associated with the entire region.

In Argentina, the economy suffered from a dramatic recession in the late 1990's to which various governmental leaders responded by implementing so called "austerity programs" in an attempt to gain control of the situation. However, these measures were so extreme…. [read more]


Military as an Institution in Latin America and Its Role in Chile Term Paper

… Military as an Institution in Latin America and Its Role in Chile

Latin America today is known not only for its unique, culture-based, Spanish legacy, but it's also known for political instability, military coups and political adventurism. It's enough to remind economic collapse in Argentina of 2001, presidential elections in Venezuela and Peru, insurgency in Columbia and Bolivia, etc. Militarist particularities of national governments laid into the main theme of a famous novel 100 years of Solitude by Gabriel Garcia Marquez., who wrote that nothing had changed in situation of working class since war for independence despite all revolutions and military governments with populist slogans. Latin America is characterized by unique political traditions, which have nothing common with political institutes of the U.S.A., despite the…. [read more]


International Management When Businesses Go Term Paper

… After establishing its presence in these cities of the country, Fast Communications can expand its operations to other cities and towns in order to grow on a continuous basis.

4. Technological Forces:

Fast Communications operates in the telecommunication industry. Therefore, it not only has to make huge investments on Research and Development in its own country, but also has to keep itself abreast of the changes in the technological environment in the entire world. While penetrating in the Australian market, Fast Communications will first have to analyze the competitive environment in the country, i.e. The strategies and actions of the local firms in Australia. In order to keep itself on the competitive edge, Fast Communications will have to provide products and services that are advanced,…. [read more]


Haiti and UN Peacekeeping Missions Term Paper

… Haiti and UN peacekeeping Missions

The latest era of the UN presence in Haiti started during September 1991 at the time when President Aristide's democratically elected administration was ousted a military government under the leadership of General Raoul Cedras and compelled to flee. The reaction of the international community was quick and started a three-year process of sanctions and negotiations with the military government prior to President Aristide's ultimate return to power during 1994. The reaction of the Organization of the American States -- OAS and the Caribbean Community -- CARICOM was particularly strong, prompted by the OAS's fresh dedication to the strengthening of the representative democracy in the region and the important contribution of the two organizations in easing and supervising the election in…. [read more]

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