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United States Singled a Shining Essay

… S. Such a criticism is also evidenced in Santas' document (2007), in which the author states that Plato believed democracies enabled too much freedom (p. 70).

There is some degree of validity to this criticism of Beard's. In many ways, the fundamental concepts of government and of freedom are antipodes of one another -- government implies restraint and freedom denotes liberty. The history of the U.S., particularly as it existed under the Articles of the Confederation, certainly attests to the fact that the degree of liberty afforded under this initial democracy allowed for too many states rights at the expense of the solidarity of the country itself. The difficulties that this country had in raising money for its central government attest to this fact (Beard,…. [read more]


United Nations -- Criticisms Description Essay

… It was in 2005 that the United Nations Peace-building Commission came into being as a result of the criticism being faced by the UN regarding Bosnia and Rwanda. The main task of this commission was to bring together all the relevant or the related bodies such as the international financial institutes, the international donors, the National governments, the troop contributors in order to ensure post-conflict peace as well as to mention any issues that might give rise to the conflicts again (UN Peace-building Commission, 2011). Although the creation of this organization has helped in taking the strain off DPKO but in reality it hasn't increased the efficiency of the organization as, the duties have been taken from one organization and put upon another organization (UN…. [read more]


Switzerland, a Federal Republic in West Central Research Proposal

… Switzerland, a federal republic in west central Europe, is officially known as the Swiss Confederation or Confoederatio Helvetica (Heatwole 2009). Its people are an ethnic mix, mainly of native German, French and Italian strains. They long labored to forge unity among themselves. Switzerland became the first member of the Confederation in 1291. It is composed of 26 states, called cantons. Of the 26, 20 are full cantons and six are half cantons. They are subdivided into communes, which are similar to counties. There are about 3,000 communes in Switzerland. The Swiss capital is Bern, which has a population of 122,178, as of 2005 statistics. Zurich is the largest city and the financial center (Heatwole).

Not all European States perceived it to their national interests to…. [read more]


Defining Republic Essay

… ¶ … republic can be defined as a state where the head of state is nota monarch (Webster's Third International Dictionary), but at the same time where the people are represented in the government and in the decisions made within a certain framework (this is usually more the case of democratic republics, although some form of representation was generally existing in dictatorships as well, although not functional).

Another important characteristic in a republic is that the head of state is elected, through a mechanism or other, by the people. In a parliamentarian presidency, like in Germany, for example, the president is elected by the Parliament, which was in turn elected by the people. In these types of republics, the role of the president is usually…. [read more]


USA Hegemony Term Paper

… S. kept Haiti economically and politically isolated for decades and refused any diplomatic recognition until after the Civil War. In more recent history, Jean Bertrand Aristide, a Catholic priest and advocate of liberation theology, was overthrown twice in military coups in 1991 and again in 2004, which had all the classic hallmarks of CIA-style covert operations. Not surprisingly, Haiti remains one of the poorest countries in the world, dominated by a corrupt and repressive oligarchy that the U.S. has helped to install and maintain over many decades.

Michael Doyle counters Rosato in asserting that Kant's Perpetual Peace between democracies is real, as is their tendency to be war-prone with authoritarian or non-liberal states. Not all groups within democracies are liberal or democratic, of course, but…. [read more]


Jefferson a Talk With Thomas Essay

… TJ: What do you mean when you say that the federal government is "supposed to be" the only government that can control the nation's borders, and immigration? The federal government is supposed to be in charge of these areas because it is less reactionary, and less prone to the fear of immigration that can exist in certain pockets in the population (although those Alien & Sedition Acts were pretty bad….)

ME: Well, immigration has become a big issue again, and in fact some states have started to make their own laws about how border patrol should take place, how immigrants should be documented, and how enforcement of immigration laws should be carried out. The Supreme Court and sometimes other District Courts are involved in settling…. [read more]


Power in America Who Holds Term Paper

… Power in America

Who Holds the Power in America?

With the ratification of the Constitution, the United States of America was established as a Federal Republic. A Republic is a Democratic form of government in the people elect representatives to create government policy that reflects their will. Because the United States contains several independent territories, called "States," which retain a certain amount number of individual rights, there is a system of power sharing between the states and the national government called Federalism. In this way America is a Federal Republic where the power to elect those who would make public policy lies with the electorate. If one considers the policies that the federal government establishes, and the ability to pass legislation that would establish those…. [read more]


Federalist What Is a Faction? Research Paper

… Justify your proposal.

The framers intended the amendment process to be difficult, to avoid the problem of the tyranny of the majority. Unless the state legislatures call a constitutional convention, the only way an amendment can be passed is with a supermajority of two-thirds of Senators and Representatives which is then sent to the states for ratification. Three quarters of the state legislatures must then approve the amendment, usually within a set time frame, although the 21st Amendment (repeal of Prohibition) specified that state conventions had to vote on it. No constitutional convention called by the states has ever occurred, although this would be the method that best expressed popular sovereignty.

One major problem the U.S. has today that could only be changed by a…. [read more]


United States Operates Term Paper

… The major function of a political party is in fact to nominate contenders for public office. That is, the parties select candidates and then present them to the electorate. The nominating function is almost exclusively a party undertaking in this country. Parties recruit contestants and by endorsing them, consolidate support for them. Nominees are those individuals who possess traits that hold majority appeal.

The presidential primary is either one or both of two things: a delegation process and/or a preference election. Once that much has been said, the device becomes difficult to describe and must be examined on a per state basis. Those states without presidential primaries hold local caucuses, district conventions, and/or state conventions. During national conventions state delegates determine the nominee of its…. [read more]


Local Government Around the World Essay

… The judicial branch of the New York City is a bit more complicated as compared to most other judicial branches function in the United States of America. The head of the judicial system, like in all other regions of the country, is the state Supreme Court where all the Supreme Court judges are elected. Under the supreme court, there are separate civil courts, criminal courts and family courts, with each one of the three existing in each of the city's boroughs. The civil court handles the claim cases, the criminal courts handle cases they are of criminal nature such as felonies, and the family courts handles cases pertaining to family and children (Mauro & Benjamin, 1989).

The New York City government despite of being more…. [read more]


European Union a State Research Paper

… Whereas, the democracy provided by the EU is mainly "with the people" and "for the people" and is mostly done through this vast process of the intermediation of the interest; this is also known as "Community Model" (Schmidt and Monnet, 2004).

Because of such a fragmented democracy the legitimization of EU has been questioned as, EU is compared to the nation-states, whereas, if EU was considered as a regional state the lack of democracy that is sometimes observed at the EU level won't seem as much troublesome as it is mostly presented. But the national democracy's problem turns out to be really big with regards to the EU; however, the effect of EU on the member state's traditional working is great because of the shortage…. [read more]


American Government Explain Why in a State Thesis

… American Government

Explain why in a state of nature, free men are willing to relinquish some of their freedoms.

In a state of nature, free men are willing to relinquish some of their freedoms for a variety of reasons, the main one being a desire to live without fear of one's fellow man. A state of liberty is not a state of license, and the law of nature obliges everyone. However, free men recognize that they may have to relinquish some of their freedoms in order to develop a system to compel one another to follow natural law. Under a theory of natural law, every person has the ability to enforce the natural law. The problem arises with the fact that in a state of…. [read more]


Migration - UK the History Essay

… The Reported Problems and Solutions

As of 2010, the UK population was 61.8 million, up 5% from 1999 (Guardian). The BBC reports that within forty years "ethnic minorities" will make up a "fifth" of the UK population. "Groups outside the white British majority are increasing in size and share," according to Professor Philip Rees from the University of Leeds; "not just in the areas of initial migration, but throughout the country…" (BBC). The ethnic minorities will in time "…shift out of deprived inner city areas to more affluent areas," Rees explains, including "…black and Asian populations in the least deprived local authorities" (BBC).

The group Open Democracy believes that "the purveyors of fear and blame" like MigrationWatch present data that is "unconvincing and over gloomy"…. [read more]


Redefining Health and Safety in Educational Institutions in the Republic of Mauritius Research Proposal

… ¶ … Republic of Mauritius has progressed rapidly in some areas of economic and social development over recent years, there are still areas that have been failed to be addressed sufficiently as this study will demonstrate. This study is qualitative in nature having been conducted through an extension review of literature. Findings in this study include the fact that The Republic of Maritius has implemented health and safety regulations in schools and that this includes an operational food control system for ensuring health protection of consumers and that the food control system has four primary components and specifically those of: (1) food legislation; (2) the administration; (3) the enforcement; and (4) the supporting bodies. (Subratty, Chan, and Kassean, 2008) It is related in the work…. [read more]


American Government and Its Influence and Control on Society Term Paper

… ¶ … government has a perfect right to influence behavior to the best of its ability if it is for the welfare of the individual and the community as a whole.

This quote, by former Surgeon General of the United States C. Everett Koop, epitomizes the view that government is in place to act as a type of benevolent watchdog for society. The essence of the quote was made in a public health viewpoint, but is both paternalistic and arrogant in that it says that the government has the authority and expertise to judge what is good and bad for the populace. In the context of his speech, Koop was referring to the government's efforts to discourage smoking, mandate childhood vaccinations, and limit risky behavior.…. [read more]


United States Has Become Preoccupied Essay

… But, America is making its best effort to educate common people as they should understand the laws and regulations to follow and to elect the right person as their representatives (Kurth, 2009).

Military development:

The innovation in military is changing the way of war of America. As American economy is re-creating itself, the America's military has also started taking advantage of the technology. In 20th century, there was no other power to match America's military power.

United States consider the military power as an essential element of its national strategy and it is viewing military as a key to achieve the objectives in globe. United States military instruments serve several crucial purposes such as to facilitate the Beijing's integration into cooperative security oriented processes and…. [read more]


United Nations Term Paper

… Groups and Voting Blocs in the United Nations

The United Nations was formed after World War II as a replacement for the League of Nations. It was founded with 51 members and has grown to almost 200 active member states. It is one of the largest and most visible international organizations, with the aims of promoting law, security, development, progress, human rights, civil rights, freedom and world peace. As with any large bureaucracy, the U.N. is complex. It has six major organs: The General Assembly which is the major political and deliberative body, the Security Council that focuses on resolutions for peace and security, the Economic and Social Council that promotes international cooperation and development, the Secretariat that provides information and research, the International Court…. [read more]


Roman Republic Term Paper

… At that time, and throughout the history of the empire, the wealthiest territories and largest cities (except Rome) were in the east, which was and remained a Greek-Hellenistic culture rather than a Latin one. Even then, Octavian-Augustus did not proclaim himself emperor, but merely first citizen and first counsel. Throughout the Early Empire, up to the point when the emperors relocated the capital from Rome, there remained an influential group of conservative aristocrats who looked backward to a restoration of the Republic. Among these were historians like Tacitus and Suetonius, whose portraits of the early emperors could hardly have been less flattering.

RESEARCH PLAN

In considering the Late Roman Republic, there would be a wide variety of primary and secondary sources from which to choose.…. [read more]


Brazil's Old, or First, Republic Was Born Essay

… Brazil's old, or first, republic was born out of the erosion of support for the existing administration. A coup d'etat was carried out by conspirators with the support of the military and a Constituent Assembly organized to write a new constitution and immediately order the separation of church and state as well as other republican reforms. The creation of the constitution was completed in June 1890, and it was voted upon and adopted in February 1891.

Similar to the United States' Constitution, Brazil's document ended the monarchy and set up a federal republic, officially called the United States of Brazil. A congress elected by the people and formed of a house and senate replaced a parliament of senators appointed for life . The new Constitution…. [read more]


Plato's Republic Forms of Government Research Proposal

… Plato's Republic

Forms of Government in the Republic by Plato

One of the most interesting aspects of the forms of government described in Plato's the Republic is his views on the democratic government and its shortcomings. It is particularly interesting in respect of how democracy is viewed by society today. Indeed, this form of government is seen as ideal in current Western Society. According to Socrates in Plato's work, however, democracy is merely one of a progressive governmental sequence, each with its own faults. Significantly, the democratic form of government precede tyranny in the degrading sequence. While the United States most closely resembles democracy as explicated by Socrates, the other forms of defective government will also be examined for possible points of similarity. Finally, the…. [read more]


United States a Democracy the Philosophical Essay

… ¶ … United States a Democracy

The philosophical and political system known as democracy, at least as it is typically used, came from an Ancient Greek concept of popular government (not a true democracy at the time, because only free men could vote). The idea politically means a government in which the population as a whole as a greater say in government, concepts of civil liberties, legislation and action of law, separation of the various powers of the state, and certain individual or group rights that are guaranteed by some sort of governmental document. The key to the idea of democracy, though, is legislated rights -- and a way to equalize the power of the individual; one group not having more or less power than…. [read more]


American Government Structure and Foundation Term Paper

… A democracy, officially, is a situation in which the people join together to vote on the laws and decisions of the community. However, there have only been a very few cases of true democracies, such as existed in Athens. More common are democratic-like societies, such as existed among many American Indian tribes in which leaders would be commonly chosen. Another such example is, of course, the American system of government in which representatives are elected. In a democratic republic, the people are able to elect leaders who will at least theoretically vote as their constituents would wish.

Each of these systems of government have their own strengths and weaknesses. A dictatorship, for example, is particularly able to wage war effectively, to defend itself against invasion,…. [read more]


Canadian Foreign Policy a Brave Reaction Paper

… The issue, however, is that Canadians are seldom asked to make difficult decisions in trade in regards to spending: if more money is to be provided to these outwardly focused strategy parts, what are they actually willing to spend less on is the question that I discovered?

An additional issue that I discovered what the fact that the degree of support established for internationalism is way out of percentage with the evidences on the ground. "Even though Canada slept" to copy the title of Andrew Cohen's new manuscript Canada's military competence has really gone down fast (it positions near the lowest of the NATO list in footings of The Gazette, Montreal "Canadians are doing bizarre stuff in the globe," narrates Jennifer Welsh, noting Stephen Lewis's…. [read more]


America Was a Wonderful Experiment Term Paper

… This process is the natural progression of those in power. There is no force available in the public sector regarding the exercise of power that can keep individuals from building their own towers of Babel to their own aggrandizement other than a shared right of every man to pursue the same progress. The want of power is hardly ever kept under restraint by anything but someone else's want of power. Mills writes that since this power is growing it will continue to grow and pose a threat to our principles of liberty, a people must erect a barrier to stop it. Mill believed that this barrier could be of moral conviction, the founding fathers were more pragmatic in their belief that only by being accountable…. [read more]


Western Civilization Mercantilism Was a Direction Essay

… Western Civilization

Mercantilism was a direction of economic thinking that promoted governmental control over industry and trade in the interest of national strength. National strength was to increase, with government-regulated exports being greater in volume than imports.

Adam Smith, on the other hand, promoted a paradigm of commercial interdependence, and trade according to the greatest strengths of a country's industries. In this way, he disagreed with ideal of Mercantilism to provide governmental forces with full control of trade. Smith held that it would be more beneficial and appropriate for the governing authority to establish a laissez faire policy regarding industry and trade. At its basis, Smith's theory related to the economy and the self-interest of individuals. Individuals dedicated themselves to gaining the greatest economic reward…. [read more]


Interest Groups a Force Essay

… They are, first of all, valued as among the most reliable sources of important information. They also testify at committee hearing and even conduct special research when requested by some members. Their reputation depends on the reliability of the information they provide. Secondly, they represent their members. These come from almost every interest in society. Those organizations with the highest number of members are the most powerful. And they contribute large campaign funding, as already discussed and demonstrated. It can be gleaned from these functions and initiatives by interest groups that it would be impossible to win an election to Congress without the help and support of interest groups. The large part of the negative perception about interest groups is on their financial contributions. They…. [read more]


Romans in Rome Term Paper

… Romans

In Rome, there were three kind of government, which co-existed together. These were monarchy, aristocracy and democracy. In spite of three kinds of government that existed together there was perfect balance maintained between them. All three forms of government were in so much balance that it was hard to determine that whether Rome was monarchy, aristocracy or a democracy. However if the council members presented a completely different idea on any issue the government would act in a monarchial way. As far as the power and strength of the senate was considered it changed into aristocracy. Last of all it would be impossible to dominate a famous state if respect was only to be shared by the people in administration of affairs (Giardina, 1993).…. [read more]


Political Structure and Philosophy Term Paper

… Perhaps the most substantial change of the 1987 amendment was conducting the presidential elections by direct, and secret ballot. The president is, of course, the chief executive and holds the right to approve or veto all legislation passed by the National Assembly, and to "refer important policy matters to a national referendum, declare war, conclude peace and other treaties, appoint senior public officials, and grant amnesty." (Mortimer 206). The president heads several advisory councils appointed by him to communicate specific matters of state. These councils include: the Advisory Council on State Affairs, the Advisory Council for Peaceful Unification Policy, the Constitution Committee, the Central Election Management Committee, and the National Economic Advisory Council (Mortimer 208). Also, the Presidential Secretariat -- analogous to the White House…. [read more]


Semantics a Tool for Shaping Public Opinion in the Age of the Internet Thesis

… Semantics: A Tool for Shaping Public Opinion in the Age of the Internet

What People Are Talking About on the Internet

A quick Google or other internet search engine search of "forums" returns not hundreds or thousands, but millions of sites related to internet public forums for what has become known as internet chat. This begs the question: What are people talking about? They are talking about topics of public interest: weight reduction, hobbies, like art and photography; but there are literally millions of political forums. People are, more than ever before in history, talking about and sharing ideas on their political representation on a world-wide scale. Discussions, debates, even heated arguments about political leadership are going on between people who have never met one…. [read more]


Government Subsidized Student Loans Thesis

… Higher education is taken to be a safeguard against unemployment with statistics indicating that unemployment among university graduates was 4.4% whereas for people who had not completed secondary school, unemployment was near 11.5%. (The Economist, 2011)

Although the phenomenon, with the state supporting education may sound ideal, and other emerging countries too might try to emulate the model in an effort to bring their economies up to par, several contrary view points have been voiced by critics that question the economic and political feasibility of the subsidized student loans.

Foremost is the startling figure of $1 trillion worth of outstanding student loans. Secondly there are arguments that this loan is for students who have already completed their studies and hence subsidizing it further will not…. [read more]

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