Viewing papers 1-18 of 18 for urban AND mass AND transportation AND act AND of AND 1976

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Mass Transit Transportation Is Important for Long-Run Term Paper

… Mass transit transportation is important for long-run economic growth. For example, in many cities, the economic cost of the commuting time is huge. By lifting this issue, it would bring a significant improvement in the economy's efficiency.

From there, it is apparent that the economic and military power of a nation has been closely tied to efficient methods of transportation. Transportation provides access to natural resources and promotes trade. This allows a nation to gain wealth and power. "The movement of people within urban areas using group travel technologies such as buses and trains. The essential feature of mass transportation is that many people are carried in the same vehicle (e.g., buses) or collection of attached vehicles (trains). This makes it possible to move people…. [read more]

Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1976 Term Paper

… Public Transportation Policy

The United States is considered to be one of the most modern states in the world. It represents a symbol of democracy, technology, and innovation. At the same time however, it has often been envied by more traditional societies and nations with a longer history for its sense of evolution and the rapid growth of the nation, particularly starting from the end of the American Revolution. However, it must be noted that the status the U.S. enjoys at the moment as the end of a cultural road and the destination place for most of the people in the world is in fact the result of historical development and a constant desire to improve the conditions of its citizens as well as for…. [read more]

Unfunded Infrastructure of Canadian Municipalities and the Risk it Poses Term Paper

… Unfunded Infrastructure of Canadian Municipalities and the Risk it Poses

Canadian infrastructure has fallen into a terrible state of disrepair due to lack of funding for such projects in municipalities in Canada. The resulting problems are great and diverse ranging from insurance liabilities for the municipalities in Canada due to health and safety risk posed by lack of funding to lack of recreational space and place for citizens resulting in a loss in social capital and declining health of citizens in Canada. This problem has not gone unnoticed and efforts have been and are being made to address this problem in Canada's municipalities.

The state of Canadian infrastructure has been due to a lack of funding by the government and has resulted in a terrible…. [read more]

Motorcycles Supporters of Sustainability Are Unanimous Term Paper

… Motorcycles

Supporters of sustainability are unanimous that the current manner of personal transport, that is dependent on cars, is required to change into a different one, based on cycling, walking and public transport. However, in between cars and bicycles a complete gamut of other transport media placed perhaps in a rather grey zone as regards their position: do they look more like cars, or bicycles, judged from a sustainability perspective? What is their position in future sustainable setting? From all these machineries, motorcycles have been widely used in some regions of the world and especially in the U.S., such that there is real experience to get conclusions. The remaining means of transport constitutes a small and insignificant portion of the whole transport assignment. To some…. [read more]

Vertical Farming in Singapore Research Proposal

… With vertical farming, we can also rule out the occurrence of poor harvests due to weather problems such as floods and drought (Venter 2010, P. 105). The production of the crop can also be done all year round as it is taking place in a controlled environment (Hopkins & Goodwin 2011, P. 228). This to a significant extent increases the quantity of the food produced since the seasons are eliminated. These are all steps towards the ultimate goal of producing enough food for the expanding population.

In the process of increasing production, vertical farming also serves to restore the balance in the natural ecosystem. It utilizes a system where water is constantly recycled (Venter 2010,P 106). This way, loss of water through runoff is avoided.…. [read more]

Disrupting America's Economic System Term Paper

… The U.S. Treasury, led by Andrew Shaw, subsidized these gold flows by offering to temporarily place public deposits in banks if they imported gold from abroad.

The policy lowered the gold import point by offsetting the interest lost while gold was in transit. Goodhart [1969], however, notes that the gold import point was often low enough to have justified specie inflows without the subsidy. In the fixed exchange rate world of 1906, such large gold outflows were a significant threat to a country's ability to maintain the par value of its currency, which, for the pound sterling, was $4.867.

Faced with its lowest ratio of reserves to deposits since the 1893 crisis, the Bank of England nearly doubled its discount rate, from 3 1/2% on…. [read more]

Sociology History of Business Science Research Proposal

… Delimitations

Today, modern business systems help an increasingly globalized world function in seamless ways. In fact, English is rapidly becoming the lingua franca of the business world and transnational borders and cross-cultural factors no longer operate as major barriers to commerce. Further, a wide range of financial instruments exist such as letters of credit and bills of lading whose purpose and operation are readily understood by businesspeople from New York to New Delhi. Business correspondence too has a fairly standardized format that businesspeople all over the world both use and understand and all of these features have helped create a modern business system that is both efficient and effective in achieving the movement of goods and services around the world. All of these business systems,…. [read more]

America Moves West Reconstruction Essay

… With the discovery of the vast resources, coupled with the technology of industrialization and transportation, the stage was set for mass immigration and movement Westward (Hansen 2007; Nivola 1986).

Immigration -- After the Civil War, America's huge need for workers and industrialization was filled with a wave of immigrants arriving from Europe (about 25 million between 1866 and 1915). This was also caused, in part, by political, social, and agricultural problems in Europe. Earlier immigration had been primarily from Northern Europe, but the wave of workers post-Civil War was from Southern and Eastern Europe. Most were poor, uneducated, and pushed out of their own countries. Because of transportation issues, most immigrants arrived at Ellis Island, New York, and only slowly worked their way out of…. [read more]

Prohibition Term Paper

… Later in this work the father of prohibition will be addressed as his own opinions evolved into those that are held by the most ardent of what he called "teetotalers." Moderation had always been an unachievable goal for the people in the new worlds, facing industrialization and top down profit systems.

All societies in which alcohol is consumed employ a range of strategies to minimize the harm associated with its use. The most effective public policies are those that affect the environment of drinking or influence the drinker's demand for alcohol. These include taxation and price policies, controls on access to alcohol such as limiting the condition and time of sale, modifying the drinking environment, a minimum legal drinking age, and countermeasures against drinking in…. [read more]

Polish Companies Reacted to Ethical Term Paper

… parts of Poland favor potato cultivation; sugar beets, the most important industrial crop, grow mainly in the west and southeast (

Section 1.1.3. Labor Force

At the end of 1991, about 30.7% of Poland's estimated population of 38.3 million lived in urban centers with populations of 100,000 or more ( priority given urbanization and industrialization in postwar Poland caused the urban working class to grow dramatically and the rural working class to shrink proportionately in the first decade of communist rule ( process slowed considerably over the next three decades (

Section 1.2. The Polish Economy Under Communism

After World War II, a centrally planned socialist system was transplanted to Poland from the Soviet Union without any consideration for the differences in the level…. [read more]

Parent's Selection for Supplementary Tutoring Dissertation

… Diversity can also be discovered in the ages and experiences of tutors. In a lot settings, secondary school students were able to learn a little money by tutoring primary school children, and likewise university students tutor would do the same for those for the secondary students. A lot of the parents in Hong Kong approve of that fact of getting tutored by older people, many of tutors were retirees that had wished that they still to contribute to society and earn some extra money. Among these two excesses of age are others who deliver tutoring on a full-time or part-time foundation, and who may or may not have official training. Again this picture really contrasts with normal schooling, in which teachers are estimated to be…. [read more]

Future of Cuba Term Paper

… Cuba After Castro

Cuba is an island nation some 90 miles from Florida, and proximity alone gives this country great importance in the thinking of American leaders. More than this, however, Cuba represents a major loss in the Western Hemisphere, a country that is Communist-led and that has therefore been viewed as a major security threat to the United States. At times, that threat has been given even more weight, as it was during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. At other times, the threat has been less specific and often derives largely from antipathy to the leadership and to the very idea of Communism. In addition, Cuba holds a place of importance because of the many exiles from Cuba who have come to the…. [read more]

History of Construction Technology of 12 Periods in Western Civilization Essay

… History Of Construction Technology of 12 Periods in Western Civilization

What makes humans different from other animals can be attributed to many things, but it usually begins with our conscious choice to explore the world and separate ourselves from nature through some mastery of it. With the advent of agriculture, humans were now congregating in population centers and living for both themselves and their gods. Religion has always taken a guiding hand through history and is intimately connected to the history of construction itself.

What pushes man to go beyond himself and create structures of immense stature and/or beauty? Only Gods can do that and have done that as evidenced in the still standing great pyramid of Giza and the Parthenon in Athens. Building these…. [read more]

Emergency Response Literature Review

… Supervisor Draft



Emergency management / disaster management

Emergency Preparedness


Community resilience












This chapter is comprisesd of the literature review regarding community resilience and emergency preparedness in the context of emergency/disaster management. Additionally It will additionally discuss the general terms and definitinons that includes all aspects related to emergency management and preparedness specifying the terms is…. [read more]

Elder Abuse Phenomenon Correlating Relationship to Elder Mortality Term Paper

… Elder Abuse Phenomenon Correlating Relationship to Elder Mortality

Elder abuse has received increased scrutiny from the law enforcement and healthcare community in recent years. This increased attention is due in part to the increasing number of elderly in the United States and the passage of various laws designed to improve the reporting of such episodes of abuse as well as the prosecution of those who abuse the elderly. Unfortunately, elder abuse is particularly difficult to detect in some cases and studies have shown time and again that many elderly people are highly reluctant to admit to such abuse for fear of reprisals from the abuser or the possibility of being institutionalized if existing domestic living arrangements are disrupted. The purpose of this study was to…. [read more]

Presidential Election of 1992 Term Paper

… Clinton had regained 5% of the vote over Bush following the second debate, according to a poll by the New York Times (McGuire & Craig, A1).

Part of the problem, according to political advisors, was that Bush still refused to believe that an economic recovery was not occurring. Despite higher unemployment and the lowest interest rates since the Kennedy presidency, Bush repeatedly noted, both in the debates and in speeches, that an economic recovery was on the way, without additional steps being needed. This meant that even though Clinton's platform was based on too familiar ideas, such as raising taxes on the wealthy, careful closing of loopholes, and an emphasis on investment, those ideas were still more powerful than the Bush campaign's economic reform, which…. [read more]

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr Research Paper

… C., July, 1962 (Herman, 139).

While King wholeheartedly advocated the use of nonviolent resistance to oppression, he also -- on numerous occasions -- employed his talent for descriptive language that occasionally eschewed hot-button terms like "segregation," "Jim Crow," and "racism." While attending a church conference in Nashville in December, 1962, King avoided using the term "desegregation" and instead invoked the concept of "integration" for the South. As Herman writes on page 140, King had a vision -- through the implementation of nonviolence -- of an "integrated community… an organically unified body." King offered the idea that "Integration is creative, and is therefore more profound and far-reaching than desegregation… integration is genuine intergroup, interpersonal… the ultimate goal of our national community" (Herman, 140).

These above-mentioned precepts…. [read more]

Consider How National Identity and Culture Is Constructed Through Fashion in China and Japan Term Paper

… ¶ … national identity and culture is constructed through fashion in China and Japan

Fashion and Cultural Identity on China and Japan

Fashion, as it relates to culture, has initiated a relatively new and complex area of research into society and societal history. The concept of fashion has come to mean more than merely the history of dress and style for its own sake. Consequently, the study of fashion has developed into a multidisciplinary field that includes cultural, historical and sociological analyses of the role of fashion in societies.

The emerging field of fashion studies, sometimes known as the "new" fashion history, differs significantly from traditional dress history, which tended to focus on the stylistic analysis of elite fashions. By contrast, contemporary fashion studies asks…. [read more]

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