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What Factors Affects the US President Foreign Policy Decision-Making Process About Iran Research Paper

… ¶ … U.S. President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process About Iran?

President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process is a lucrative feature that ensures maintenance of security and stability of many organs of management in the U.S.A. The existence of the state and sovereignty of the government of the United States is all dependent on the natural and synthetic features of its decision-making processes as concerns foreign issues. The U.S. President Foreign Policy Decision Making Process has suffered immense criticism from other states and governments

The manner in which the country has handled issues concerning other nations is statistical. For instance, actions against Iran and Iraq are tantamount to the relationship existing between the two countries now. Therefore, the existence of intensive U.S. President Foreign Policy…. [read more]

USA as Policeman Thesis

… (B) Three aspects of U.S. history since 1865 that led to the U.S.'s rise as a world super-power policeman would entail an examination of (B-1) the Spanish-American War and the subsequent U.S. annexation of the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and other territories;

(B-2) the establishment of the Cold War balance of power in the latter half of the 20th century, in which America's military and financial clout was used to fight proxy wars with the Soviets in places like Korea, Vietnam, Cuba, Grenada, and Afghanistan; and (B-3) the collapse of the Soviet Union followed rapidly by 9/11 and the War on Terror, in which the Cold War-era military-industrial complex was repurposed for an enemy without a state, and thus a "war" that defies all established 20th…. [read more]

American Foreign Policy Analysis of the Middle East From the President's Perspective Essay

… American foreign policy as it manifests itself in the Middle East has long been a struggle. The last few decades have demonstrated America's attempts at finding allies and the challenges of controlling the area. After a tremendous amount of analysis and assessment, the best methods to be taken in this particular area are ones of strategic humanitarian action and development. As this paper will demonstrate, much of the discord of the area is directly connected to the fact that it's so impoverished and disadvantaged. Helping the Middle East and building where other governments would blow up, is the best way to develop the area. Such actions not only help develop the global economy, but they help to stabilize America' footing in the rest of the…. [read more]

Foreign Policy With Regards to the Middle East Essay

… U.S. Foreign Policy -- Middle East

What is the U.S. foreign policy with reference to the Middle East following the uprisings in that region of the world commonly known as "Arab Spring"? This paper delves into issues surrounding the position of the United States now that leadership dynamics have changed in the Middle East, and new realities are being presented. The biggest threat for the U.S. vis-a-vis the Middle East has not resulted from the Arab Spring however; it is the ongoing menace, Iran, and the possibility that Iran will successfully develop nuclear weapons.

In the December 10, 2011 edition of the respected publication, the Economist, the author refers to the 4,500 Americans that were killed in the "eight-year misadventure" in Iraq and posits that…. [read more]

How Has September 11 -11) Changed the Nature of US Interventions? Term Paper

… U.S. Foreign Policy: Pre and Post 911 term that appears repeatedly in discussions of American foreign is hegemony. Uncertainty regarding the meaning of this term led to the dictionary. The Oxford Desk Dictionary and Thesaurus, 1997 offers the fairly straightforward definition of "leadership, esp. Of one nation over another." Considering the contexts that the term was found in, another dictionary was consulted and this led to concepts that brought various commentators perceptions into better focus. The Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993 leaves no doubt as to the potentially negative aspects of hegemony in two ways. The explication directly connected with the term says: [Gk hegemonia, fr. Hegemon, leader, fr.hegeisthai to lead -- more at SEEK] (1567) preponderant influence or authority over others: DOMINATION. Following either…. [read more]

Indian Foreign Policy and Security Essay

… Indian Foreign Policy -- When Will it Emerge?

Harsh V. Pant: Contemporary Debates in Indian Foreign and Security Policy

Rajiv Sikri: Challenge and Strategy: Rethinking India's Foreign Policy

As India continues to emerge as an important player in international power circles -- and has entered into a provocative nuclear deal with the United States

there is a commensurate growth of scholarship with reference to India's foreign policy future. India's future may be based on its part in the "strategic triangle"

(India, Russia, China) which could create a counterbalance to the sometimes bullying tactics of the fading superpower, the U.S. Which way will India lean?

In reading the two books by the authors noted above, a series of pertinent questions emerge. To wit, What is the…. [read more]

United States and the International Essay

… The U.S. feels that these aspects of the ICC and contradictory to the U.S. constitution.

Another reason why the U.S. is not a member of the ICC is that the ICC would try American citizens for crimes which are committed in American soil and which are within the jurisdiction of the American courts. The Supreme Court of the U.S. has the jurisdiction to try such offenses Martinez, 2011.

This is in addition to the allegations above.

Additionally since the constitution of the U.S. only permits one Supreme Court to be created, the participation of the U.S. In the ICC would violate this statement of the constitution Martinez, 2011.

What the Bush administration failed to see here is that the ICC would not be a court…. [read more]

United States Policy Research Paper

… Considering the varied issues that divide these two nations and prevent them from reaching accords are several, many have speculated that the best way for a resolution is a bargain or package deal that addresses several of the pressing issues simultaneously. The Obama administration's approach towards Iran has been very similar to that of the Bush administration. It appears that the Obama administration is also willing to engage in direct talks using high-level government agents on both sides focusing on a diplomatic approach. Under the Bush administration the United States maintained its willingness to exercise military action against Iran in order to end its nuclear program. The Obama administration has not openly communicated its willingness to take such measures as they are wary of the…. [read more]

US Decline Term Paper

… US Decline

The decline of the United States

The Romans.

On them I impose no limits of time or place.

I have given them an empire that will know no end."

The Roman poet Virgil (70 -- 19 b.c)

It is a poignant historical fact that great empires decline and dissipate into ruins and dust. This was the fate of the Roman Empire, the Greek Empire, the Islamic Empire and the Ottoman Empire. Numerous historians have noted the cyclical nature of the rise and fall of these societies. The question that is central to this paper is whether the new "empire" of the Unites States is also to follow the path of decline and destruction that has been the fate of previous "superpowers" like Rome…. [read more]

Compare Obama vs. G.W. Bush Foreign Policy Research Paper

… Bush v. Obama Foreign Policies

Neo-conservatism and Liberalism in Practice:

Comparing George W. Bush and Barack Obama Foreign Policies

In 2001 George W. Bush presided over the Presidency which had to face new kinds of challenges in American foreign policy. When Bush was the incumbent, the United States was attacked by terrorists, which killed nearly 3,000 Americans. The rest of Bush's Presidency reflected his Administration's response to that event and the period is known as the post-9/11 era. The eight years of Bush's Presidency was mired in many controversies -- chief among them was the Bush Administration's decision to go to war against the regime of Saddam Hussein in Iraq -- but also a period that did not witness any further terrorist attacks on American…. [read more]

Presidents in the History Term Paper

… ¶ … presidents in the history of the United States, including a ranking of choices in order from one through five in a descending order of importance. There have been many memorable and excellent presidents in United States history. Picking five as the very best is a difficult and demanding problem, but five presidents do stand out above the rest in their spirit, their personal qualities, their crisis management skills, and their overall effect on our nation.

President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. FDR is the number one American president for a number of reasons, and perhaps the most compelling is the number of other presidents who admired him. From Ronald Regan to Lyndon Johnson, many presidents admired FDR, and hoped to emulate him in their own…. [read more]

Playwright Israel Zangwill Is United Essay

… This is fascinating because while Muslim immigrants are deeply diverse of their national and ethnic backgrounds, hailing from as far east as Indonesia to as far west as Morocco, their experience especially in view of the events in recent memory has given them a special sense of unity and formed a superset of ethnicity. The broader Islamic culture militates against time honored American traditions and cultural icons. There is no alcohol involved. Muslims do not even eat the same meat as Americans following instead the Kosher traditions of their Semitic Jewish brethren. Pork is a big no! Muslim girls do not go to prom and are not allowed to date or intermingle with boys. Away from their traditional homelands, Muslims cling much more staunchly to…. [read more]

Why India Changed Foreign Economic Foreign Policy Since 1991 Dissertation



In its history, India sometimes substituted "sloganeering" for the implementation of a real foreign policy for its country. Now, however, Indian no longer maintains the position of being on the outside edge of international politics. Currently, perceived as more than a mere "South Asian" power, India has begun to engage in the international arena.

India's rise from estrangement from international affairs to purposefully engaging to establish an effective foreign policy began during the time India, simultaneously fought for its independence. Principles of India's foreign policy which emerged while the country engaged in a number of significant causes of the time reportedly have stood the test of time.

During the dissertation, a qualitative case study, as the researcher investigates India's…. [read more]

Territorial Expansion Essay

… He was against the concept of centralized government and had not penned the Constitution. Despite the fact that he had written the Declaration of Independence, Thomas had not authored the Constitution. He was renowned for supporting state wise rights and had not agreed with Alexander Hamilton over the creation of the National Bank either. His perspective was that if a power of authority was not part of the Constitution, then, the state had the right to decide upon the matter. Jefferson had to sacrifice his ideals for the greater good in the procurement of the Louisiana land. If he had waited to legally amend the Constitution, then there was a possibility that the French would take back their offer. (Kelly, 2011)

Another concern was that…. [read more]

USA - The World's Police Term Paper

… .. In terms of power and influence, it is not comparable to anything known in modern history.' It must be true to state that it indeed is a hyper-puissance, a 'hyper-power' for short. [Dobbins, McGinn, others]

The problem with United States of America is that it usually bothers and harasses other countries but it does not conquer them. It attempts at calling the shots and more than once bends the rules for them, but it does not go to war for the sake of land or honor. The last time one can remember the U.S. actually conquering some country was in the Philippines and Cuba a hundred years ago. This says much about the change from a traditional behavior to one of a great power…. [read more]

Foreign Policy of China (Beijing Thesis

… But just as China (Beijing consensus)'s economic and military power does not yet match that of the United States, China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power still has a long way to go as demonstrated by a Chicago Council on Global Affairs poll. China (Beijing consensus) does not have cultural industries like Hollywood, and its universities are not yet the equal of the United States. It lacks the many non-governmental organizations that generate much of U.S. soft power. Politically, China (Beijing consensus) suffers from corruption, inequality, and a lack of democracy, human rights, and the rule of law. While that may make the "Beijing consensus" attractive in authoritarian and semi-authoritarian developing countries, it undercuts China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power in the West. Although China (Beijing consensus)'s new…. [read more]

U.S. History and Foreign Policy Term Paper

… ¶ … U.S. history and foreign policy. The writer explores the five questions and devotes two pages to each answer. There were fours sources used to complete this paper.

Explain the development of containment after World War'll and the reasons for conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union.

The development of containment after World War II had an impact on relations between the Soviet Union and the United States that cannot be denied. While the use of the word containment was not new during 1946, it was new with regards to the Soviet Union and the United States at that time and it strained the relations between the two super-powers (CONTAINMENT of SOVIET UNION (

It was a little more than a year…. [read more]

American History Final Exam Stages Term Paper

… Turner lived at a time before a large middle class existed or the U.S. had become a consumer society, so he naturally thought of pioneers as farmers and ranchers who moved the agricultural frontier to the West. In his era, even though the country was rapidly industrializing, the majority of people still lived on farms and in small towns. For this reason and was always the main goal of Manifest Destiny, while industrial capitalism required a different type of imperialism that acquired markets and raw materials overseas rather than colonies. Eastern capitalists since the time of Alexander Hamilton and the early Federalists and Whigs had always had a very limited interest in expanding the agrarian frontier, and even less in the expansion of slavery. They…. [read more]

Bismarck's Impact on Foreign Policy Term Paper

… This decision was preceded by intense diplomatic activity between Austria, Russia and Germany, none of whom could afford, for different reasons, to have the balance of power in Europe upset by instability in the Balkans. Austria feared a growth in Russian influence in the Balkans; Russia similarly wished to weaken Austria's role in the region; Germany needed both Russia and Austria and did not want open conflict between them. Bismarck sought to maintain German neutrality between Austria and Russia for as long as possible but when in October 1876 the Russians asked him straight out whose side Germany would back in the event of a Russian-Austrian clash in the Balkans, he let it be known that in the final analysis Germany would not allow Austria's…. [read more]

Foreign Relations Summary of Chapter Term Paper

… In doing so, it would cease to think that it could unilaterally address all the issues of the world, and would either accept the fact that they could not be addressed or -- more optimally-- would seek to find multilateral solutions which took the sovereignty of that nation into account and refrained from treating the entire world as its backyard. The writer takes a very strong stance on this issue, saying that: "The American century is over, and the challenge facing policy makers is no longer that of managing alliances, deterring aggression, or ruling over the international system."

The application of this idea to politics is called the "Ordinary State Perspective," and is unfortunately not particularly popular with many patriotic individuals or politicians, due to…. [read more]

Energy Policy Capstone Project

… The world now is a high tech world and technology previously has helped us achieve wonders and solving this energy crisis wouldn't be any different from that. The engineers and researchers are fully equipped and they all the technology readily available. Events in history has taught everyone a lesson, dependence on oil can be a risky thing to do as most countries are not self-sufficient in it and its very expensive to import. Many new things already have been discovered to produce energy in fact renewable energy; this new renewable energy will change the structure of the world. Countries would no longer be depended on other countries and this renewable energy will change the structure of the world as energy is the number one problem…. [read more]

Globalization and National Security Term Paper

… This leads two the second main category of vulnerability, which is the economy itself. As international trade and investment has increased, foreign investment in the United States has expanded exponentially, while increasingly, jobs and services that were previously performed or provided domestically are now outsourced overseas.

This represents a threat to the United States national security because not only does this mean substantial elements of the U.S. economy is controlled by foreign (and sometimes anonymous) powers, but also that key elements of the national security apparatus actually depends on businesses or employees located in geographically distant regions, regions that might not be as secure as the United States itself.

Finally, the last category of vulnerability is the educational sector, because over the last few decades…. [read more]

United States Still the World's Dominant Media Essay

… ¶ … United States Still the World's Dominant Media Economy?

Is the U.S. still the world's most dominant media economy? One could probably make an argument either way on this question. Scholars, authors, and media pundits all have worthy theories and learned perspectives. And there is no editorial or socially constructed consensus as to the whether the media potency of the U.S. -- vis-a-vis an economically struggling and yet still culturally significant America -- has passed it's zenith and is on a downward slope. This paper posits that while the American culture still has an enormous impact worldwide, due in large part to mass media availability on a 24-hour news cycle in even the most remote parts of the world, the U.S. is not the…. [read more]

Tiananmen Square the Aftermath Term Paper

… "

A year later, China had still not signed the document and outside relations were failing. Clinton proved to be adopted Bush Senior's strategy of non-action. This reflected in Congressional testimony on the part of Amnesty International regarding China's attitude toward human rights. There has not be been a change according to Kumar, "there were promises by he Government of China to address their human rights record, there has been no fundamental change."

Furthermore he stresses to the Clinton administration that the UN takes its cues from our foreign policy and if there is to be any chance of change,

The U.S. must have a strong, clear and consistent human rights policy with China. The international community will not take firm action when the world's…. [read more]

Geopolitical Analysis of China From the President's Perspective Essay

… Geopolitical Analysis of China From the President's Perspective

Agreement/Disagreement with author's opinion

Instruments of National Power

Analysis of entire region



Israel-Palestine Conflict and the role of U.S.




A Geopolitical Analysis of China from the President's Perspective

This paper is a personal reflection of an opinion article (OPED). The article appeared in Eurasia Review and was written by Maitreya Buddha Samantaray. The following response to this piece of writing is presented assuming the role of President of the United States of America. The review article will include opinion on the quality of analysis done by the writer from a perspective of the U.S. president. Agreement or disagreement with the author's premise regarding geopolitical analysis of China will be presented and substantiated…. [read more]

India Relationship With the United States Term Paper

… India-U.S. Relations: A Look back and forward

With a booming capitalist society, a large population, a strategic location and an established democracy, India would be a natural ally in a region of the world where the United States has few. However, only within the past 5 years has a once-chilly relationship between India and the United States really begun to thaw. India was a fickle partner during the United States' half-century Cold War with the Soviet Union, as it was courted aggressively by both sides (Gujral, 1997). In fact, despite professing non-alignment with either party, India seemed to favor ties with the Soviet Union (Reassessment of Nehru, 2003).

The United States was frustrated by its inability to win influence in this strategic nation that serves…. [read more]

Australia Future in Foreign Policy Assessment

… Australian Foreign Policy Through 2031

The next 2 decades will be challenging for the foreign policymakers of the middle powers of the world as the balance of power ebbs and flows between the West and the East. These shifts in power will make long-term planning difficult, and even short-term plans will require numerous contingencies in order to remain responsive in an increasingly globalized and highly dynamic environment. Because there is no crystal ball available that can help foreign policymakers forecast the future, it is important for Australia to develop such contingency plans today to respond to these changes in meaningful ways while keeping the best interests of the Australian citizenry in the forefront. To this end, this study sets forth a proposed foreign policy for…. [read more]

Extraordinary Rendition Term Paper

… Extraordinary Rendition

The Costs of Extraordinary Rendition

On September 6, 2006, President Bush openly admitted that the CIA, under his authorization, had been operating secret detention centers at sites abroad for the previous five years (Elsea & Kim, 2007). Suspected terrorists, including anyone else suspected of having relevant information, were covertly transferred to these sites and then interrogated under pressure to provide information that the Bush Administration feels is vital. The existence of these secret detention facilities outside of UNITED STATES jurisdiction and purview is troubling enough. But the process by which suspects are placed into this system of detention facilities is even more unnerving.

In order to secretly populate these CIA prisons -- or black sites -- with suspected terrorists, the Bush Administration employed…. [read more]

U.S. Foreign Policy After 911 Term Paper

… ¶ … U.S. Foreign Policy After 911

Has the U.S. foreign policy changed since the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001? Most certainly, the U.S. policy toward foreign affairs has changed dramatically. This paper will use The New York Times and other reliable sources to track the changes, and the reactions to those changes, from parties within the U.S. And in foreign countries as well.

The New York Times (Oct. 4, 2001) pointedly expressed the changing attitude within the George Bush Administration following 9/11; "The terror attacks of Sept. 11 (9/11) forced an immediate and radical shift in American relations with the rest of the world" (Schmemann, 2001)," Times reporter Serge Schmemann wrote. The Bush policies prior…. [read more]

Catholic Church Public Policy in Spain and US Thesis

… As I previously mentioned, the Spanish population is religiously homogeneous. Roman Catholics compose of 99% of the population, while the remaining 1% of the population is composed of those belonging to Jewish, Protestant, Muslim, and Buddhist faiths. In relation to other countries in the European Union, Spain boasts one of the most "religious" populations. As data from a study of religiosity in the European shows, as late as 1982, only Ireland surpasses Spain in religious practice. Further, by the end of the decade, the percentage of individuals identifying themselves as "religious persons" ranged from a low of 48% in Denmark to 72% in the Irish Republic. The Spanish percentage of 68% exceeded all other countries except Ireland, Portugal and Greece. In stark contrast to the…. [read more]

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