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United States and the Trans-Atlantic Essay

… "[footnoteRef:6] Consequently, in the earliest months of the war, the Confederacy could have successfully exported most of its 1860 cotton crop.[footnoteRef:7] Nevertheless, the Confederacy abruptly stopped exporting cotton to Britain and France, believing that an abrupt and total stoppage would make it much likelier that those two countries would diplomatically recognize the Confederacy, intervene in the U.S. Civil War and either fight on the side of the Confederacy or force the Union to negotiate peaceful secession for the Confederacy.[footnoteRef:8] [1: Steven E. Woodworth, This Great Struggle: America's Civil War (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2011), 67.] [2: Ibid.] [3: Ibid.] [4: Ibid., 68.] [5: Ibid.] [6: Ibid.] [7: Ibid.] [8: Ibid., 68-9.]

Other than the Confederacy's reliance on the importance of cotton, there…. [read more]


United States Investing Too Much in WMD A2 Coursework

… United States investing too much in WMD protection

Is the United States investing too much time and money in WMD protection?

America has made massive investments of their resources towards founding the nation's WMD threat reduction programs. These programs have quickly developed into an effort from multiple agencies including state and departments of defense. Approximately $2 billion has been directed towards security programs, which have made impressive achievements of securing and destroying WMD materials. Over the decade, the world has undergone substantial changes as efforts to secure threats from WMD materials become complex. Policymakers and scholars have requested the federal government to revise security programs. These groups have made extensive recommendations, which have seen the U.S. government secure all nuclear material and protect the country…. [read more]


US Security the Evolving U.S. Security Theory Essay

… US Security

The Evolving U.S. Security Theory: Cold War, War on Terror and Beyond

For the larger part of the 20th century following World War II, United States security policy revolved on Cold War theories of containment and nation-building. The United States and the Soviet Union were engaged in an indirect form of philosophical, military and economic contention that drove alternate strategies of regional occupation and government propping, as well as arms and space exploration races. America's security priorities and emphases were on the demand to meet communist and Soviet threats abroad and to construct a policy of internal monitoring intended to prevent its internal spread. As we further explore the current security outlook and safety policy vagaries for the United States, particularly those occurring…. [read more]


United States, Woodrow Wilson Essay

… Moreover, he wanted Americans to accept that neutrality would benefit them in the long run, especially considering the resources that the country had to consume in order to join the conflict. Wilson promoted the belief that all Americans were responsible for the fate of their country in an attempt to have them refrain from performing any kind of activities that affected the nation as a whole. The President was well aware of the fact that many Americans had roots in Europe and that they would pressure him in joining the war in order to assist their home countries.

Whereas most Americans were initially unhesitant about supporting Wilson's position and actually encouraged neutrality, matters gradually changed as the U.S. started to demonstrate its connection with the…. [read more]


Role of Cotton in Shaping Term Paper

… The King Cotton diplomacy attempted to force the most powerful nation in the world, Great Britain, into the war on behalf of the Confederacy. The belief was that European powers would help break the Union blockade around the coastal areas and ports which was becoming increasingly effective. Although the Confederate coastline was never completely sealed, it did cause imports and exports in the South to drop drastically. This meant reduced funds needed for the Confederacy war efforts. Britain's economy relied heavily on the South' cotton exports; thus, the South cut-off their cotton supply with the belief that they would have to intervene to save their economy. However, the Southern states had failed to account for the bumper crops that they had exported throughout the late…. [read more]


Territorial Expansion Essay

… He was against the concept of centralized government and had not penned the Constitution. Despite the fact that he had written the Declaration of Independence, Thomas had not authored the Constitution. He was renowned for supporting state wise rights and had not agreed with Alexander Hamilton over the creation of the National Bank either. His perspective was that if a power of authority was not part of the Constitution, then, the state had the right to decide upon the matter. Jefferson had to sacrifice his ideals for the greater good in the procurement of the Louisiana land. If he had waited to legally amend the Constitution, then there was a possibility that the French would take back their offer. (Kelly, 2011)

Another concern was that…. [read more]


Relationship Between South Korea and United States Research Paper

… The two countries worked together with the aim of combating the regional and global threats that enabled them to strengthen their economies. Generally, the United States on the other hand, managed to maintain their Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marine personnel who were in South Korea in the support of their commitment to the United States' relation with the ROK. Mutual Defense Treaty was formed to help the South Korea to defend them against the various external aggressions. Last year, the United States and South Korea marked their 60th anniversary of their alliance (France-Presse, 2013). Conversely, it was evident that a Combined Forces Command contributed to the coordination operations between the U.S. units as well as, the South Korean armed forces. As, a result, the…. [read more]


Era Through the Great Depression Essay

… To be precise, this division was intended to turn capital and labor into two arms of business to promote the interests of industrial manufacturing in America. Hepburn Act was intended to establish and regulate maximum railroad rates. It strengthened railroad regulations and submitted national railroad companies to Interstate Commerce Commission (I.C.C.). The Hepburn Act of 1906 gave the I.C.C. power to establish and regulate maximum railroad rates (Commercial Laws, 2011). The railroad companies under this act had to justify their accounting procedures and fairness of their rates. The act reduced the powers of the employers and their relations with employees. The act checked against employee exploitation as it mandated railroad companies to establish an 8-hour-long day for all their workers.

The Spanish American War

The…. [read more]


Soviet Union and United States Essay

… Petersburg that the spark of discontent was fanned into a flame. By March 8th, International Women's Day, thousands of female textile workers walked out of the factories to protest poor working conditions. By most accounts, most of the cities industrial workers joined them within a few days. Tsar Nicholas ordered the workers back to work but by this point in time, the soldiers, most of whom had family in the factories, supported the strikers.

In an event that would be referred to at the February Revolution, Nicholas abdicated the Russian throne, a provisional government was quickly established, and a hasty election was held to create power blocs representing factory workers' and soldiers' interests and rights. By November, the October Revolution saw these soviet groups seizing…. [read more]


Catholic Church Public Policy in Spain and US Thesis

… As I previously mentioned, the Spanish population is religiously homogeneous. Roman Catholics compose of 99% of the population, while the remaining 1% of the population is composed of those belonging to Jewish, Protestant, Muslim, and Buddhist faiths. In relation to other countries in the European Union, Spain boasts one of the most "religious" populations. As data from a study of religiosity in the European shows, as late as 1982, only Ireland surpasses Spain in religious practice. Further, by the end of the decade, the percentage of individuals identifying themselves as "religious persons" ranged from a low of 48% in Denmark to 72% in the Irish Republic. The Spanish percentage of 68% exceeded all other countries except Ireland, Portugal and Greece. In stark contrast to the…. [read more]


USA Arms Exports Term Paper

… U.S. Arms Exports

The impact of United States arms exports on human rights around the world

In 1948, just shortly after the end of WWII, the UN adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The purpose of this document was to make certain that every human being had certain rights that could not be violated. It was to make certain that the atrocities of the war would be in the past, never to happen again. The United States has assumed the role of policing other nations for human rights violations. Reverence for human dignity has stood at the forefront of American culture.

However, if one looks at America's past and present policies, it would appear that there is more than meets the eye. While America…. [read more]


South Korea and the United States Term Paper

… South Korea and the United States

South Korea and North Korea, the two parts of the peninsular nation called Korea who shared identities for more than 5,000 years, have still not recovered completely from the fight for the division of the borders between them, fifty years after the War that took place called the 'Korean War' that started in June 1950. However, it has been noticed, in recent months, that the tensions between the two sides are in fact subsiding to a certain extent, and a series of historic incidents point towards this fact. People from one side were allowed to meet their relatives and friends on the other side for four days at the border, an old cross border railway line that had been…. [read more]


Illicit Arms Trade in South and Central Research Paper

… ¶ … illicit arms trade in South and Central America and how that affects U.S. Foreign Policy regionally and globally. In Central and South America, the drug trade and the arms trade are completely linked. The problems of drug trafficking and the illicit arms trade are phenomena that are essentially related. It is practically impossible to deal with each issue separately.

As illicit trades, they account for the largest sectors of the black market.

They generally use the same routes, although arms production and the demand for illicit drugs are found in the industrialized countries like the U.S., whereas illicit drugs production and the demand for weapons are found in the so-called developing world such as in Central and South America. The war in Columbia…. [read more]


Foreign Policy Nixon's Detente Description Term Paper

… .

President Ronald Reagan declared that the Soviet Union had violated the treaty.

Foreign Policy

The treaty was consistent with United States' policy to slow down the arms' race.

Event Resolved?

SALT II was not ratified due to a shift in United States' policy under President Reagan and the Soviet Union's lack of desire to abide by the treaty.

Rate the event:. 2. Increased Tensions. 4

Soviet Invasion and War in Afghanistan

Description

The war took place between 1979-89 in Afghanistan. In 1978 a coup brought in a new Communist government. In 1979 another coup brought in another leader, which caused the Soviet Union to invade and install Hafizullah Amin in December 1979. The Soviets put in Babrak Karmal as president and eventually brought in…. [read more]


Social Impact of Cold War Essay

… Innocent civilians are often at extreme risk in the battles for gathering information or in the battles run by remote. In an interesting way, it might also be seen that this kind of distance campaign strategy is like the way some see the U.S. As contributing to the near collapse of the world economy. The U.S.'s lax financial rules and regulations pulled in other countries and set them up for many of the challenges they now face -- many of which are bringing about social and cultural unrest. It clearly would not be difficult for terrorists or even other nations to see this as an extension of the type of attitude that America picked up when it did its victory dance after the melting of…. [read more]


New Jersey Farming the State Term Paper

… Only approximately 15% of New Jersey farm land is owned by groups other than individuals or families. Of these other 85%, most are linked to some other large company who they sell to or a larger distributor which functions as a buffer between the farmer and the seller. [9: This number is equal to approximately 2% of the population, as opposed to a century ago when nearly half of the nation was employed in farming. ]

Despite these figures, there has been a backlash of sorts against the farming community in recent years due to the increased rate of obesity in this country. Media reports have erroneously claimed that agriculture has become another industry, controlled by mass corporations.[footnoteRef:10] Other claims include that farmers are injecting…. [read more]


History Slavery North Atlantic British Essay

… Furthermore, the culture which developed among the Northern sector of the U.S. was also not necessarily conducive to slavery. The development of industry in these areas created a means of urbanization in which economic livelihood would be based upon common professions such as mariners, merchants, dockworkers and shopkeepers -- none of which have much use for slave labor. In general, the economy of the North (which was largely supported by the efforts of New England) was maritime-based, which is one of the primary reasons that slavery, which once existed in the North, eventually died out.

The surrounding conditions in the South, however, were primed for slavery because they were regarded as being less specialized than those in the North and exceedingly more labor intensive. Interestingly…. [read more]


United States Has Waged Term Paper

… When people are addicted it is doubtful that laws and threats are going to keep them from using (Rauch, 2002). This is one of the reasons this study is needed, to determine if the laws have a positive impact on the reduction of drug use and abuse or if they are simply spending tax paper money to produce a revolving door in jails and prisons (Rauch, 2002). It is not only illegally manufactured drugs that are at the focus of the laws against drug use, it is also the prescription drugs that are being abused currently. When Purdue invented a pain killer called OxyContin it provided relief to millions who suffered moderate to severe pain.

What Purdue did not expect was that drug abusers would…. [read more]


UN Security Council Proliferation Research Paper

… [footnoteRef:10] [9: Peter Crail, "Implementing UN Security Council Resolution 1540: A Risk-Based Approach," The Nonproliferation Review, vol 15, no. 13, July 2006, p. 355.] [10: Lars Olberg, "The Implementation of Resolution 1540 in the Middle East," Cooperative Monitoring Center-Amman Occasional Paper, February 2008, p. 3.]

Simultaneously, in the years leading up to the adoption of Resolution 1540, the United States was in a hurry to put on the books a measure that obligated the entire international community to take steps to shut down or disrupt terrorist networks seeking WMD. More specifically, the George W. Bush Administration did not believe that the time-consuming process of negotiating a multilateral treaty was an appropriate path, considering the urgency of generating a WMD terrorism nonproliferation tool. In fact, the…. [read more]


Cold War and the Canada U.S. Relationship 1945-1957 Term Paper

… ¶ … United States and Canada has always been one of constant change. During the post-World War II era and through the emergence of the Cold War, the relationship between these neighboring countries continued to develop and change drastically, forever altering the way in which the two nations dealt with one another. During this time, Canada certainly followed some of the United States' foreign and defense policies, but the post-cold war era also proved Canada to be a self-standing nation, capable and willing to create its own policies based on the needs of the country.

This two-part paper will examine how the emergence of the Cold War affected the relationship between Canada and the United States in a positive way, allowing for an advancement of…. [read more]


How the United States Trade Policy With China Has Affected Civil Liberties Inside Term Paper

… ¶ … United States Trade Policy With China Has Affected Civil Liberties Inside China

The work of Ying Ma states that:...the fundamental underpinning of American policy toward China today - and U.S. democracy promotion in China - is economic engagement." (2007) Ying Ma also relates that over twenty years of trade between the United States and China has "drastically altered the face of Chinese society, resulting in an unprecedented expansion of economic, social and personal freedoms for ordinary Chinese citizens." (2007) However these improvements in Chinese society have "not been translated into political liberalization. These Chinese Communist Party (CCP) shows no interest in meaningful political reforms and has continued to rely on repression and brutality to maintain its rule." (Ma, 2007)

IDEALISM vs. REALISM

Idealistically…. [read more]


Cuban Embargo American-Cuban Sanctions Implications Thesis

… The entire situation took over five months to resolve and only heightened tensions between the United States and Cuba. It called into question the reasonableness of many existing Cuban sanctions when an orphaned child could become the symbol of long-held hostilities and dissension between two countries. Many reflect on the incident as a yet another example of how the existing embargo agitates the Cuban people and other nations more than its intended target, Fidel Castro (Durand and McGuire 37).

Sanction Legality

The United Nations (U.N.) Charter has very specific laws regarding freedom of navigation and trade. Critics of the U.S. sanctions on Cuba cite the embargo as a violation of the U.N. Charter and damaging to America's international image and reputation ("Cuba: U.S. Moves to…. [read more]


US Relations W. South Africa Thesis

… U.S. Relations W/South Africa

Racism has always been a divisive matter, but fortunately it appears to have been eradicated from most parts of the modern society. The apartheid system of laws functioning in South Africa throughout most of the twentieth century proved that discrimination can still be performed in modern times. The South African government encouraged its citizens to differentiate blacks through various methods. The black people residing in South Africa during the century had suffered greatly as a result of them being controlled by the government, with any sign of retaliation being quickly put down by the authorities.

Considering the fact that the U.S. has had a history in discrimination, and, has actually started a civil war in order to stop the exploitation of…. [read more]


Military Role at the U.S.-Mexico Border Research Paper

… Military role at the USA – Mexico Border



This paper explores the reasons why the military should be involved in guarding the border between the US and Mexico. The paper considers the relations between the two countries from a historical perspective, chalking down the progress till date, so that the rationale for the deployment of military can be gauged from that viewpoint. The thesis of this paper; therefore is that ‘the Military should be involved in guarding the Mexico and the USA border.

The paper indicates that Mexico and USA had historically been embroiled in conflict for Texas, as the Spanish colonialists, who then ruled Mexico indicated that the land was part of their territory, while the US insisted that it…. [read more]


Equality of Arms in International Tribunals Term Paper

… Equality of Arms in International Tribunals

Since the beginning of the concept of an organized system of justice and law, as well as the public interest, the question of individual rights in relation to the need for the maintenance of peace and order has been raised; more precisely, the right of the government to use the concept of justice to temporarily, or permanently suspend the rights of the citizenry has always been a point of contention and debate among the nations of the world, and is particularly important in nations which extend substantial individual rights, such as the United States. Because of the existence of the U.S. Constitution and its accompanying Bill of Rights, individuals have come to expect, and indeed demand, that the rights…. [read more]


Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gangs: Threat to National Security? Thesis

… ¶ … predominantly Latino Gangs, Mara Salvatrucha (aka MS-13), and the 18th Street Gang operating on the streets of communities across America. This study is significant because it will provide a snapshot in time concerning how these violent gangs operate in this country in ways that can inform and alert both civilian society and government agencies concerning optimal responses to the problem created by these gangs. Through a quantitative and qualitative analysis of documentary evidence and governmental statistics about the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang, this study developed several conclusive findings on the negative effects of these groups in the United States. The Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang are becoming transnational criminal organizations given the fact that they originated in Central America and…. [read more]


U.S. Civil War Essay

… ¶ … U.S. Civil War

Discuss how and why Southern devotion to a system of slave labor retarded modernization in the South.

The reason for the South's failure to industrialize, ironically, can be traced to the North -- specifically in the person of one Northern man, the engineer Eli Whitney. "As Eli Whitney left New England and headed South in 1792, he had no idea that within the next seven months he would invent a machine that would profoundly alter the course of American history" (Schur 2009). Whitney created a machine that could remove the seeds from cotton at an unprecedented rate. However, although the immediate labor of removing seeds was reduced, it did not eliminate the need for slaves to grow and pick the…. [read more]


Superpower Definition Essay

… It has modernized its armed forces and spent a large sum on defense. According to the report of Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), China increased its defense spending from $30 billion in 2000 to $120 billion in 2010 (Sim 2012). America's defense budget is four and half times more than China but if China continues to extend its budget figure than its military budget will overtake the America's budget in 2035 (Sim 2012).

Along with focusing on the defense side, Chinese leaders have adopted the policy of peaceful world relations, making route to their success. Their stabled economy and political standards have created a major concern for the whole world. Chinese government is playing an important role in establishing friendly relations with the other…. [read more]


Columbian Drug Trade if Americans Term Paper

… (It should perhaps be noted that the war on drugs has also waxed and waned.)

The reasons for this merger between these two wars are intriguing and not always entirely rational. One of the reasons is the ideological bent of the current administration: Conservative regimes are more likely to equate the drug trade with the most serious social problems such as terrorism. (Liberals would be far more inclined to treat drugs as a lesser problem.)

Robyn Blumer, writing last December in the St. Petersburg Times described this collision of wars that are of course not really wars at all:

As the United States wages a war on two fronts, against both terrorism and drugs, Ethan Nadelmann poses a fair question of priorities. "Which white powder…. [read more]


Budgetary Politics the United States Term Paper

… While the program is aimed at destroying crops that produce illegal substances, on another front it is also responsible for the destruction of a large quantity of legitimate crops and livestock that are the chief providers of revenue to the Colombian people.

It has also been reported that the chemical being used in the process, Roundup Ultra, has made many people, especially children, sick with respiratory, skin and gastrointestinal diseases. Roundup Ultra is being manufactured by the renowned chemical giant Monsanto. It is the very same company that manufactured the infamous Agent Orange that was used in operations by the United States armed forces in Vietnam. The United States government being the chief buyer of Roundup Ultra spends millions of dollars acquiring it. Despite all…. [read more]

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