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Constructivism in the Classroom Term Paper

… The Suchman Inquiry Model uses structured inquiry reasoning to facilitate learning. Whereas the Schwab approach is condusive to a laboratory or field research setting, the Suchman approach need not be conducted in a controlled environment, but rather focuses on assimilating and postulating data sets through a series of questions designed to use the process of elimination to isolate known conditions and to identify existing variables. The idea is to simulate the reasoning strategies which a research scientist might be expected to apply to the problem which the teacher has chosen as the focus. While the Schwab approach emphasizes reflective criticism, the Suchman model deals with the use of data, the formulation of questions, and the application of inference. (Eggen, 1979)

In developing a lesson plan…. [read more]


Constructivism Is an Important Learning Theory Term Paper

… Constructivism is an important learning theory for the modern classroom. The main idea behind constructivism is that the learner constructs all learning that is accomplished, not that the teacher creates the learning for them. Students are able to memorize, repeat, and regurgitate information without truly understanding it, which is what occurs in most traditional classroom learning situations. In order to truly understand the information, students must actually understand the processes which lead to true construction of understanding. Students must also be able to apply the information to situations removed from the "lesson" setting so that they will actually be able to learn information and develop understanding from learning experiences that take place outside of the classroom, and in the absence of an authoritarian teacher. Children…. [read more]


Constructivism in TESOL-1 Abreviations EFL Term Paper

… However, it is first important to acknowledge that in Thailand the key or main language is known as the standard Thai, which is also known as Siamese or central Thai and it is the official language that is used by the over 20 million citizens of Thailand in their day-to-day activities. This therefore means that English is referred to as a foreign language in Thailand.

Students who enroll in these classes have different objectives but it can summarily be stated that they want to learn how to write and speak in English so as to broaden their educational background. Secondly, it could be because they plan to travel to a country that uses English as its official language so as to study, work or visit…. [read more]


1St Grade Classroom Management Term Paper

… Role playing refers to asking an individual to change their behavior to assume another person's role, act out an ad toped social role, which may or not be defined by the individual. Research shows that there are four issues that can be used to define role playing: 1) the playing of roles in theater or educational settings; 2) taking a role of an existing character or person and acting it out by taking someone else's role (gender, age, etc.); 3) games (video or in person) that require one to move into a different role; 4) specifically role-playing games (individuals assume the total role of a fictional character in a defined setting). Children often role-play using a variety of these techniques -- often called make believe.…. [read more]


Classroom Management Helen Hammond, Errol Dupoux Essay

… Classroom Management

Helen Hammond, Errol Dupoux, and Lawrence Ingalls (2004) report that teachers harbor great concern over the behaviors of their students and the impact unruly conduct has on the learning environment. It is common for teachers to spend a significant amount of classroom time focusing on changing or molding students' behaviors in an effort to maximize time on-task in order to facilitate academic learning. A teachers' inventory of effective classroom management strategies is a vital part of their daily practices as a means of limiting disruptions. Usually, classroom management training for prospective teachers relies on behavioral outcomes based on generic characteristics believed to characterize traditional and non-traditional students, ignoring ethnic, cultural, or socioeconomic differences. It is commonly assumed that instrumental conditioning, such as reinforcement,…. [read more]


Classroom -- Deploying the Constructivist Term Paper

… Constructivism also flies in the face of even new initiatives such as the 'no child left behind' act, whereby school districts and educators are judged by their student's performances on tests, rather than seeking to give students responsibility for the direction, character, and quality of their learning experiences.

However, constructivism does have the added educational benefit in that it encourages students as autonomous individuals to take responsibility for the direction of their own learning and to become independent problem solvers, a vital skill in today's workforce. Constructivism encourages students to deploy real world problem solving techniques, rather than relying purely upon the direction of the teacher. For any person who desires self-empowerment as the goal of their education, constructivism is an attractive philosophy.

But although…. [read more]


How I Use Constructivism in the Classroom A2 Coursework

… Constructivism:

The value of being a constructivist teacher

Although I do not specifically label myself as a constructivist teacher, many of the philosophical components of constructivism resonate with me and my philosophy of instruction. Constructivism views learners as active participants in knowledge acquisition and stresses that learning is constructed socially, versus something that is objectively understood. What makes an educated person is something that is agreed upon by society, no child is born either a bad or a good learner. Some children may have an easier time fitting in because of their natural learning style and inclinations but it is up to the constructivist teacher to understand this: the constructivist teacher is willing to "commonly acknowledge the active role of the learner in interpretation of…. [read more]


Classroom Atmosphere Which Encourages Term Paper

… To do so, they must learn the what, the how, and the why before they have the tools to make unique distinctions of their own. When an educational system insists on teaching children to obtain mastery of a specific body of knowledge, then the system also has the opportunity to teach a student how tho use that data as building blocks in new learning, and new discovery and personal application.

Although there are several approaches to constructivism, as I have tried to illustrate by describing my own leanings, for Phye (1997), "[c]ommon perspectives include the view that academic knowledge construction on the part of students is basically a learning process that involves change. Thus, knowledge is the desired outcome or effect of the process of…. [read more]


Classroom Environment Design Term Paper

… Secondary Classroom Environment Design

Classroom Environment Design: Secondary Education

The objective of this work is to design a secondary classroom environment. This work will include a statement of which child development theory best represents the needs of the grade level with an explanation of why this theory is believed to be superior to other theories. This work will additionally provide clear indications that the plan takes into account the child developmental stages and variations that may exist among students of the same chronological age.

In the secondary teacher's initiative of classroom environment design it is critically necessary to remember that students are a diverse group of learners and that the classroom is not only a learning environment but as well is a social environment. It…. [read more]


Behaviorism and Constructivism Term Paper

… ¶ … behaviorism and constructivism using the beliefs of Skinner, Pavlov, and Kohn as a way of explaining behavior and learning. This also includes my personal critique. A comparison and critique of the philosophy undergirding behaviorism and constructivism is also carried out. My own thoughts regarding the employment of these practices in classrooms as well as the critique of authors such as Skinner, Pavlov, and Kohn and the rest is also carried out.

The concept of behaviorism and constructivism has long dominated the domain of learning as well as behavior analysis. This is due to their in-depth and critical viewpoints regarding the reasons as to why people behave in certain ways and also their processes of learning various skills and habits in the course of…. [read more]


Management Philosophies Samsung Group Essay

… Another article by Kamii & Ewing (1996), states that it is impossible for learners to establish high levels of relationships with what they observe unless they incorporate certain levels of knowledge to it. According to Kamii & Ewing (1996), cooperative learning methodology brings great maintenance of material and an increase in the transfer of learning. Jean Piaget insisted that constructivism would advance to other philosophical theories because the ideas are innovative and concepts can change with time.

Narrative

The article by Ruth-Sahd is about social collectivism. The article bases on concepts of observation in a nursing clinical setting. The article also incorporates personal experiences of nurses. Observation and personal experiences help nurses in learn of effective management practices that will help them in their nursing…. [read more]


Positivism and Constructivism Positivism vs Term Paper

… Positivism and Constructivism

POSITIVISM vs CONSTRUCTIVISM

The Better Option in the Quest for Knowledge

Positivism

In 1822, French philosopher Auguste Comte introduced the concept that social interactions, like physical science, could be investigated to draw universal rules to guide them (Kim 2003). Until that time, religious beliefs and sentiments explained social phenomena. Comte argued that the human world could be detached and analyzed in an objective way in order to find answers or explain phenomena. His concept of positivism could do so through scientific objectivity and observation by means of the five senses. Religious beliefs and sentiments were unnecessary and should be replaced. From this revolutionary idea of a social world, perceivable and measurable by experience and observation, grew the positivistic approach to research and…. [read more]


Piaget vs. Vygotsky Cognitive Constructivism Essay

… Unlike Piaget, Vygotsky addressed the social and cultural influences that children have in their cognitive development (Davies, 2004). Quite different from what Piaget thought, Vygotsky emphasized the importance of the roles that older individuals play on the cognitive development of children. He thought that interaction with adults, such as parents, teachers, and older children, allowed them to learn what their role would be. He believed that children once getting help from these older figures, would eventually learn to think on their own and be able to function intellectually without the assistance of anyone (Palincsar, 1998). With babies, he thought that they were born with innate capabilities to understand and learn form the people around them, but in the end, their cognitive development was due to…. [read more]


Mrs. Menocal, 1st Grade Essay

… Summation -- Mrs. Menocal was quite pleased with the interview and depth of questions. She was particularly excited about sharing her views on the environmentally rich classroom, which tends to incorporate the constructivist approach to learning within her day-to-day planning (see below).

Development Theory in the Classroom- Much of the professional world has a theoretical basis. This is not to rigidly ensure that each person act/react in a similar manner, especially in the classroom, but to establish a basis for commonality within a particular career orientation. One of the most enduring theoretical basis for contemporary classroom education is, ironically, one that finds it roots in Piaget, Dewey, and most recently Vygotsky and Bronfenbrenner. In different ways, all of these educators used a constructivist learning theory,…. [read more]


Enhancing Instruction Through Constructivism Article Review

… 36). Another is the fact that many of the deployments for cloud computing that the author discussed in this article -- particularly those that were sensible and worth incorporating -- are somewhat superfluous since "a teacher can deploy these activities through traditional methods, such as paper and pencil assignments and whole-class discussion) (Denton, 2012, p. 35).

In light of these facts I believe that striving to utilize cloud computing within a classroom setting is essentially a waste of time. It may be useful in facilitation constructivism and cooperative learning, since the principle focus of all three of these things is to encourage interaction among users/students. But it is certainly not necessary. Moreover, I think that many of the perceived benefits that the author attributed to…. [read more]


Paradigms Positivist or Constructivist Thesis

… Constructivism & Positivism

Defense of Constructivism as Research Paradigm

For educators, the type of research paradigm used for practitioner research is nearly as important of a decision as the research question that one decides to investigate. Two popular types of research design are the positivist and constructivist types. Traditionally, science was dominated by the positivist paradigm, in which scientists believed the purpose of research was to simply document what was observable (Positivism & Post Positivism). The goal of positivism is to try to discover the truths of the world so that it can be "prdict[ed] and control[ed]" (Positivism & Post Positivism). Many, on the other hand, believe research has progressed beyond the realm of positivism, or conventional, research. These believe that other methods, such as…. [read more]


Internet Use in the Educational Setting Term Paper

… Internet Use in the Educational Setting

The use of the Internet in the educational setting has become in recent years an important consideration in the promotion of new and more effective teaching methods and protocols. In many quarters, the use of the Internet in the classroom situation has been seen as a positive advance in educational praxis. Many educators are of the opinion that the inclusion of Internet technology and resources can have a positive impact on the learning process and can enhance the teacher's ability to deal with more inclusive and diverse classrooms. The term " interaction" which has become synonymous with the Internet, has been touted as a valuable methodology in expanding and enhancing the general educational environment.

However, in recent years the…. [read more]


Diane Blake Art Exhibition King Essay

… Summative assessment (if time) with critique paragraph on other student's artwork.

Relation to the Gallery Experience: Students will glean experience in viewing non-traditional art and the vocabulary to explain what they see and feel. Using Bloom's taxonomy, the importance of this lesson is moving from rote knowledge up the pyramid through explaining about the art; applying their vocabulary and experience to other artwork; analyzing what the artist did; evaluating their work and other student's; and creating something new based on past knowledge.

Reflection: This is a lesson in which so many other multidiscipline parts of the curriculum could be interwoven: music, history, social studies, science, etc. The success of the lesson is based on an experimental paradigm; one in which the individual looks beyond the…. [read more]


Curriculum Books Essay

… However, some of the discussions of constructivism and brain-based approaches do not recognize the need for teachers to structure classroom tasks to facilitate the construction of meaning. SIGs integrate the best aspects of traditional role-plays and simulations into a learning environment that promotes active engagement, interactivity and collaboration, the application of knowledge and skills, and the use of complex thinking skills, including empathy and values-based learning (Nonaka, 2001).

The constructivist view of learning, in various guises, is widely embraced by most researchers studying cognition in education. Although, the meaning of constructivism is currently the subject of considerable debate (Clark & Mayer, 2003), the essential idea is that knowledge is actively built by the learner through transformations to existing knowledge structures, rather than being directly transmitted…. [read more]


Effectiveness of Academic Achievement Through the Use of Block Scheduling in High School Classrooms Thesis

… Academic Achievement Through Block Scheduling

Education and Block Scheduling

Introduction- The educational climate in contemporary America is not the same as it was in the late 20th century. There is a long tradition surrounding the manner in which the American educational system should be structured, dating back to the Founding Fathers. When we review a brief history of the American educational system up through No Child Left Behind, in fact, we find a series of pendelum swings that tend to result in a rather haphazard approach to certain academic sides of educational leadership. It is not the purpose of this study to debate the efficacy of constructivism, neo-constructivsm, Vygotsky, et al., Rather, it is to understand how educational research is not only necessary, but critical…. [read more]


Democracy, Multiple Intelligence, Art Project Term Paper

… aaae.org/research.html#abilities).

However, while this research found that an arts-based education is beneficial to all children, this does not mean that all children benefit from it in exactly the same way. Indeed, it would be highly counter-intuitive if they did given that one of the reasons that an arts-based education is useful to begin with is that the many different aspects of such an education (from dance to painting) are helpful in educating children precisely because they are so diverse. Arts-based education is inherently geared toward an evaluation of each child in terms of multiple intelligences.

The model of multiple intelligences that has been used throughout this research was developed by Howard Gardner in his 1983 book, Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. Based…. [read more]


Educational Psychology A) Student Learning: Constructivism Arose Term Paper

… Educational Psychology

a) Student Learning: Constructivism

Constructivism arose from learning theories originally created by Piaget and Vygotsky. At the basis of the theory is the use of prior knowledge or existing cognitive frameworks to use as a basis for acquiring new knowledge and skills (Cakir, 2008, p. 196). Van Glaserfeld (1995) offers a number of principles to describe constructivist knowing. The first of these concerns the way in which knowledge is constructed in an active, rather than passive way. Knowledge is not received, it is constructed from within by means of thinking processes. The second principle concerns social interactions to promote learning and knowledge construction. Third, the focus is on cognition as functional and adaptive. Knowledge adapts itself according to the input received. The fourth…. [read more]


Montessori and Bronfenbrenner Thesis

… (1917-2005). His early background in developmental psychology thrust him into working with the U.S. Army during World War II where he found that the environment shaped behavior more than any other, in his opinion, activity. For Bronfenbrenner, though, development was a far more complex, interactive model. It was fluid in the sense of time and place, and far more interdependent upon societal and cultural modeling than his predecessors. One can think of Bronfenbrenner as a sociological Stephen Hawking -- explaining the very minute and how it works with the very large. Bronfenbrenner sees the world, from the very tiny micro system (the atom); through a series of "universes" to then form what we might term culture or society. Within each of these structures, actions and…. [read more]


Constructivist v. Traditionalist Classroom Research Paper

… ¶ … Traditional and Constructivist Classrooms

To a great degree, American education has remained the same in fundamental form and function since its inception in the one-room schoolhouses that became the nation's public education system in the 19th and early 20th century. Since then, educators have experimented with various alternative educational methodologies, such as those predicated upon principles of active learning, constructivism, cognitive processes, and multiple intelligences-based frameworks. In many respects, all of those approaches represent significant improvements over the traditional education format, but many educators support constructivism in particular. As between the constructivist approach to modern education and the traditional approach, there is little question that the former is preferable and capable of being implemented in various ways even by educational systems and institutions…. [read more]


Traditional Learning Theories Essay

… Traditional Learning Theories

Behaviorism, constructivism, and cognitive theories of learning

Behavioral theories of learning tend to view the learning process as a skill-based enterprise. The fundamentals of behaviorist theories of learning emphasize "breaking down the skills and information to be learned into small units, checking student's work regularly and providing feedback as well as encouragement (reinforcement)" (Chen, 2010, Behavioral theories). Behaviorism emphasizes rewarding desirable behaviors and not rewarding or actively punishing negative behaviors, much like the originator of behaviorism, BF Skinner rewarded rats learning to run a maze correctly. Although no teacher today would use such a blatant method of rewards and punishment as Skinner, the influence of behaviorism can be seen in many teacher-centered methods of learning and assessment. "Lectures, tutorials, drills, demonstrations, and…. [read more]


Learning Theories Term Paper

… A well-balanced measure of environmental and internal stimulus would serve the cognitive learner best, as they would analyze the sum total of experiences and stimulus directed toward learning.

Some learning theorists have referred to this learning style as behavioral modification style learning, as it takes into consideration the manner in which learners can change prior thinking connections to adopt new ways of thinking while gathering new information through learning and accumulation of information from the facilitator and through interactions with the environment and learning activities (Hartley, 1998).

Examples of Teaching Methods for Each Related to Adult Learning

Behavioral approaches would require the environment for the adult learner. The best type of environment for learning would be an environment where activity engaged the learner; where doing…. [read more]


Elementary Classroom Delivery Model Literature Review

… Children in the elementary age developmental region are just starting to learn about themselves and the world around them. In a departmentalized setting, children, especially the very young, would be more confused and less likely to absorb the required knowledge. With the same classmates and teacher(s) around them all of the time they are free to learn (McGrath & Rust, 2002).

Self-contained classrooms also allow the individual teachers to understand their individual students learning styles better (McGrath & Rust, 2002). A teacher in a departmentalized setting sees so many students throughout the day that they cannot get to know everyone. It is also difficult for a teacher in a departmentalized structure to cater to individual learning styles. It is difficult enough for them to get…. [read more]


Ili Information Literacy Instruction Essay

… Goals should also be written or highly visible to allow the learner to review and to refer to. Teachers should also emphasize why each goal is important and explain the consequences of completing or not completing each goal. Without very specific and clear-cut goals teachers should not expect any goals to be reached or any significant learning to occur.

ILI can also enact a reinforcement system for reaching goals. The famous behaviorist B.F. Skinner believed that reinforcing positive behaviors was much more effective in obtaining positive behaviors than punishing negative behaviors, thus learning is more successful if reinforcement occurs often. Reinforcement can consist of any number of "rewards" that can serve to motivate students to move forward. According to constructionist theory for many students simply…. [read more]


Learning Theories Behavioral Learning Theory Information Processing Term Paper

… ¶ … Learning Theories

Behavioral Learning Theory

Information processing theory

Social cognitive theory

Constructivist learning theory

Postulate: Constructivist theory applies best to teaching for the construction trades

This paper covers four learning theories and the descriptors which are associated with each. The paper will discuss behavioral learning theory (operant conditioning), information processing theory, social cognitive theory, and constructivist learning theory. Each section will discuss the theory, identify its strengths and weaknesses, and give examples of how they are applied.

This author has chosen constructivist theory in a building trades teaching environment. After a review of the above theories, the author will advance the case that constructivist learning theory best fits the class and the author's personal teaching style.

Behavioral Learning Theory

Behavioral learning theory originated…. [read more]

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