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Use of Force in Law Enforcement Thesis

… ¶ … Force in Law Enforcement

The controversy swirling about Professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr., a respected Cambridge professor who happens to be an African-American, and Sgt. James M. Crowley, a police officer who arrested him at his home after someone called the police and said someone was breaking into it, is just one example of the wavering gray area which officers have to tread when deciding when to use force or not. When harangued because of his mistake, the officer took offense and the conversation became heated, setting off a controversy which reached the White House. President Barack Obama made the remark in a news conference that the police acted "stupidly" and the incident became a national issue. The New York Times reflected that…. [read more]

Law Enforcement Khalid ) Essay

… Stress is a natural part of the law enforcement profession, which is dangerous to physical and mental health. Having outlets for stress is important. Law enforcement managers need to observe signs of stress in their force.

Recommended solutions therefore include the following. First, female officers should be recruited earnestly, and with the ultimate vision of transforming law enforcement leadership. More female supervisors can result in the phasing out of the old boys' club and the phasing in of a fresher, more modern and relevant organizational culture. Second, minority officers should become project managers in charge of consulting with law enforcement agencies about addressing the root causes of lawlessness, mistrust of police, crime, and other issues in minority communities. Endemic issues like poverty and access to…. [read more]

Law Enforcement Essay

… Such is the case here.

All occupants of vehicles are considered seized under the Fourth Amendment, according to Brendlin v. California (2007, 551). This traffic stop became a bit more problematic when the officers ordered the occupants to show their hands, thus revealing an active suspicion of a possible danger to the officers. The order to show their hands though, would be consistent with the need of officers to ensure a minimal protective posture against harm during routine traffic stops as discussed in Knowles v. Iowa (1998, 525). Given this jurisprudence, it is unlikely that the officer's request would be found unreasonable under the Fourth Amendment.

The question of excessive privacy intrusions during a traffic stop was also examined in Knowles and the justices found…. [read more]

Law Enforcement Differences Between Various Essay

… FBI should use its expertise to focus on specific criminal activity (e.g., cybercrime, financial crime, identify theft) that affect multiple jurisdictions, and possibly reduce its emphasis in large cities, and in consultation with local law agencies, on bank robberies, violent crime, gangs and street-level drug sales (Raine, 1994). The tenure of an FBI Special Agent in Charge (SAC) in field offices should be increased to five years to provide stability and expertise to oversee long-term efforts. The FBI should also develop a best practices guide for SACs on building local partnerships and succession planning. Local law enforcement personnel must be trained on state laws and ordinances that would limit intelligence collection and retention efforts. SACs need more resources and flexibility in determining investigative priorities. FBI…. [read more]

Law Enforcement, Corrections Capstone Project

… ¶ … Law Enforcement, Corrections, and the Court System in the United States

Outline of Issues, Policies and Problems Confronting Modern Law Enforcement, Corrections, and the Court System in the United States

Law Enforcement

Policy No. 1: Community Policing. This policy is explored further in the annotated bibliography that follows.

Shortage of Police Officers.


Prison Overcrowding. This problem is explored further in the annotated bibliography that follows.

Issue No. 2: Private Prisons.

Court System

Issue No. 1: Juvenile Justice.

Overloaded Court System.

Policy No. 1: Community Policing

Brunschot, E.B. (2003, May). Community policing and "John schools." The Canadian Review

of Sociology and Anthropology, 40(2), 215-220.

Author examines prostitution offender programs in the context of community policing in practice and emphasizes the problems that can…. [read more]

Law Enforcement Officer Definition Justice Essay

… Although upholding civil liberties is occasionally presented as in opposition to community safety, showing respect for community members can often enhance the enforcement of justice. Members of a mosque are more likely to come forward with information about potential radicals if members of the police force treat them with respect than if they are hostile. Incorporating members of the community into the police force are often the best ways to ensure such a positive dialogue. "A community policing agency also has to thoughtfully examine where it is seeking recruits, whom it is recruiting and hiring, and what is being tested" (Community policing defined, 2011, Department of Justice).

Part of the Department of Homeland Security's training that it offers through the Federal Enforcement Training Center involves…. [read more]

Ilea's International Law Enforcement Academies Research Paper

… Courses are offered on the basis of the needs of specific countries and participants include mid to senior level law enforcement and criminal justice officials that have already graduated from a regional ILEA. The topics of these specialized courses include high level topics like police organizations and administration, ethics, domestic violence, women in policing, role of citizens, civil disobedience and always include a cultural and institutional orientation component. ("ILEA-Roswell")

When it comes to the individual agencies within the American government, there are a number which are directly involved in the International Law Enforcement Academies. For instance, the Diplomatic Security Service, also known as the Bureau of Diplomatic Security, is the world leader in international investigations, threat analysis, cyber security, counterterrorism, security technology, and protection of…. [read more]

Al Capone or Al Qaeda?: Organized Crime and Counterterrorism as Law Enforcement Priorities Essay

… The impossibility of the fight in Mexico, combined with the high potential for profit in the trade, made this defection happen. It is important to note, however, that Los Zetas have technically only been their own cartel since 2010: from 1999 to 2010, they were essentially the paramilitary enforcement wing of the Gulf Cartel. But by 2010, Los Zetas split off from the Gulf Cartel, and became a rival: they are currently better-organized and quite possibly more profitable than either of the two older rivals, the Gulf and Sinaloa Cartels. However, their origins as military commandos are the most noteworthy fact about them -- it would be as if the Navy Seals took over the crystal meth trade in the American Midwest, or if an…. [read more]

College Education Benefits Law Enforcement Officers Essay

… ¶ … College Education Benefits Law Enforcement Officers

Because law enforcement can sometimes be a very physical profession and law enforcement officers often have to use their strength to pursue and subdue suspects, some people dismiss those in law enforcement as brute strength without any intellectual prowess. However, that image ignores the realities of modern law enforcement. Modern law enforcement officers actually have to navigate a complicated legal arena. Multiple times a day, a law enforcement officer may be called upon to make a difficult ethical, moral, or legal decisions but in split-second scenarios. Having a strong educational background, particularly one in which the officer has been challenged to think about the potential issues that a police officer might face in the field, provides an…. [read more]

Ethics in Law Enforcement Essay

… It also destroys the public's confidence in their law enforcers and defames all law enforcement departments.

When law enforcers are given the power to use force or other such liberties, it is because they are expected to act ethically and responsibly. That is why normally departments upon recruitment look into an individual's previous moral and ethical background. They view their past conduct, as Aristotle claims that a person's actions reveal his character. However, it has been noticed that actions are not always the best judge of someone's character. As is evident in the study conducted by Stanley Milgram, a psychologist employed by Yale University, that moral judgments are tested and pressurized by external sources. Therefore he concludes that in pressure situations people often rely on…. [read more]

Age Discrimination in Employment Act as it Applies to Law Enforcement Term Paper

… Law Enforcement and Age Discrimination

Ageism is a serious issue for much of the aging workforce here in the United States. As technology, sales, and a plethora of other industries expect more out of a vigorous young workforce, those who cannot produce may be factored out by age restrictions and biases. Even in law enforcement agencies, there are general exemptions to age discrimination laws as set out in the legislation; yet, this is assuming it is for the greater good of a community kept safer by a more capable workforce in some of the most important positions in society.

In the workplace, ageism has become an unfortunate disadvantage to an aging workforce. The research suggests that "in the face of rising productivity and affluence, older…. [read more]

Evolution of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 Case Study

… The office of COPS needed to monitor a number of things. First, that in line with the requirements of grant allocation, police departments retained the new officers hired under the '100,000 Cops' initiative even after the lapse of the three-year period of federal funding (Marion & Oliver, 2012). Secondly, that the beneficiary police departments only used the grants for officers hired under the initiative (Marion & Oliver, 2012). This was probably the greatest failure of the COPS office if the numbers of agencies purported to have adjusted their budgets so as to paint a false picture of having hired new officers is anything to go by (Marion & Oliver, 2012).

Moreover, the COPS office failed to consider the rates of crime in an area, and…. [read more]

Law Enforcement Benefits of GIS Essay

… Mapping for tactical purposes is more for immediate uses. This technique is defined as "An analytical process that provides information used to assist operations personnel (patrol and investigative officers) in identifying specific and immediate crime trends, patterns, series, sprees and hotspots, providing investigative leads and clearing cases" (Johnson, 2000). Tactical policing helps police map out the crimes an individual has committed over a short period of time and attempts to "place" the individual or group in a centralized location.

Geographic profiling is another use for GIS that closely mirrors tactical uses. It is a more immediate use for the technology that can assist agencies with "forecasting an offender's residence or next crime target based on history and patterns" (ESRI, 2007). This technique allows law again…. [read more]

Technology and Law Enforcement Essay

… There is also the concern of the public using this medium to air too many irrelevant comments or non-constructive criticism of the police.

Remedies to the challenges

In order to avoid the misuse of such site by an individual within the team, there is need to have the department concerned with managing the page craft very strict media policies that will guide the use of this site and even what can be allowed to remain on the page having been posted by the public. Since the pubic will be consistently posting comments on the page such that the public can see, there must be two or three people charged with editing the page consistently and deleting the offensive posts or those of content that are…. [read more]

Use of Force Essay

… ¶ … Force

Over the last several years, the overall use of force surrounding law enforcement activities has been increasingly brought to the forefront. Part of the reason for this, is because the nation is seeking out some kind of balance between: the powers given to the police and protecting the rights of the general public. As a result, the way that this is applied in law enforcement must follow: certain practices and procedures that are based upon individual judgment. To determine how the use of force should be utilized requires examining: the normal use of force defined by the Hunt factor, the degrees that an officer's discretion should be structured, how this discretion should be controlled and if more or less control over police…. [read more]

Law Enforcement the Rampart Incident Illustrates Term Paper

… Law Enforcement

The Rampart incident illustrates the ethical conflicts that can and do arise in law enforcement. Formal codes of ethics are often set aside for street codes, or "cop codes." These cop codes engender corruption in cases like Rampart in which evidence planting and unjustified shootings were kept silent by a cadre of officers. Loyalty to fellow officers is one thing; covering up unethical or even criminal behavior is yet another. Moreover, the unethical behavior exhibited by a relative few taints the reputation of the entire department and leads to a lack of public trust in law enforcement. An absence of strong civilian oversight exacerbates the problem.

As the review panel's report shows, the current generation of officers are "more likely to challenge authority,…. [read more]

Law Enforcement Management Time Term Paper

… Law enforcement is one of the professions with the greatest reputation for stress induction. Many factors contribute to this. The duties assigned to police officers for example do not only relate to criminals and their activities, but also to situations such as natural disasters and road accidents. Police officers are thus exposed to many situations that could lead to an unhealthy amount of stress. One of the factors playing a large role in the police force, its activities and its strategies for stress management, is time.

Time management is of primary importance in law enforcement. Law enforcement officers for example are obliged to work in shifts, as criminal activities, accidents, disasters and the like do not occur within a given time frame. Such shifts then…. [read more]

Law Enforcement and Hiring Laws Discussion Chapter

… Officers without sufficient guidelines may overstep their authority or mistreat the public. It would be foolish to assume that every scenario can be spelled out with policy and protocol, nor can free reign be the guide to each officer in every situation. The challenge of matching the appropriate degree of discretion to the values of the local community and the abilities of the individual officer is the real matter in question.

Law of Equal Employment Opportunity

The Law of Equal Employment Opportunity, originally passed in 1972, is the statute that prevents organizations from disqualifying candidates for hire based upon race, color, religion, sex, age, or national origin (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 2012). The passage of this law was aimed at ensuring that officers were…. [read more]

Law Enforcement Interview Imagine Studying Essay

… When this is in place, one learns that their standards are higher, and he or she adheres to them in a more efficient manner. They actually take that time to care for others and to put them first, instead of themselves. These individuals do whatever is possible to keep learning more about this topic and to make suggestions in which to make the work environment more pleasant despite having to deal with crimes and perpetrators' on a regular basis (Heinze, 2011). "I don't like seeing misbehavior in the workplace because a person is supposed to be professional and not acting dysfunctional" (Heinze, 2011).

From what Daniel has heard from others, he mentioned that not enough ethics classes are taking place. They take one class during…. [read more]

Law Enforcement - Interviews Term Paper

… Law Enforcement - Interviews


Interview Subject 1 - NYPD Detective Sergeant:

Sergeant, thank you for agreeing to this interview under condition of anonymity.

Could you please synopsize your law enforcement background in as much detail as you are comfortable?

Sure. I got on with the NYPD 18 years ago, worked in anti-crime units and various street crime details, among other things, before going to a precinct detective squad. In 2001 I was promoted to Sergeant and a few months later, after 9/11, I was assigned to the NYPD-FBI Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) working out of 26 Federal Plaza where I have been ever since.

What are your main responsibilities?

I work mostly in counterterrorism, our office follows up on investigative leads,…. [read more]

Law Enforcement Patrols and Gangs Discussion Chapter

… Do Law Enforcement Agencies control Crime?

While it might be perceived by the general public that the police control crime, the reality is that their role is reactive or affective at best. In the instances of responding to crime, the police are clearly reactive. However, in the role of law enforcement the police may dissuade immediate occurrences of crime, but it would be mistaken to assert a direct causal link. While statistical tabulations of crimes exist, these reports, Uniform Crime Reports and National Crime Victimization Surveys, are descriptive tools of communities. Police resources can be deployed to respond to particular trouble spots to diffuse hot spots, however it does not address underlying socioeconomic issues that may contribute to crimes.

Evaluating the effectiveness of police departments…. [read more]

History Policing, the Law Enforcement Essay

… Vollmer developed college courses as well that were designed to teach both police officers and civilians alike about the role of police in a democratic society. His main focus was on conveying the notion of police officers as "social workers" who in the course of their public safety promotion work addressed a broad range of social problems giving rise to criminal activity. In addition, Vollmer spent ample time training his officers on technical issues such as criminal law and criminal investigation, and in the proper use of equipment and law enforcement technology available at the time (e.g., finger printing). Vollmer's work was championed by other early reformers, such as O.W. Wilson (Wilson, 1953).

In due course the long standing professional model of policing reflecting a…. [read more]

Benefits of Tasers During the Use of Force Term Paper

… ¶ … Taser

The debate on the use of Tasers

The pros of using TASER

The cons of Taser

In this paper, we debate on the pros and cons of using Taser in law enforcement. An analysis of the reasons for using Tasers as well as the situations of when and where it cannot be used is presented.The reasons as to why the benefits of Tasers outweigh its disadvantages is presented. A recommendation on the best ways of using Tasers is also presented. A conclusion is also presented.

A TASER devise is a conducted energy weapon used to temporarily stun as well as incapacitate an individual by affecting their neuromuscular transmission (Mungus,2008,p.862).The very first Taser was introduced in the early 1970s and have since undergone…. [read more]

Arizona SB 1070 on January Research Paper

… When discussing exactly why immigration policy and enforcement is in the hands of the federal government, other opponents of the law, in their lawsuits, brought this issue to the court. In the case of League of United Latin American Citizens v. State of Arizona, two civil rights groups, along with several citizens, filed suit that the Arizona law was already preempted by federal law under the "Supremacy, Interstate Commerce, and Due Process clauses of the Constitution." ("Arizona SB 1070") The groups associated with this lawsuit content that Arizona's law permits "law enforcement officers to rely upon vague and ill-defined factors such as a person's 'dress,' 'difficulty communicating in English,' 'demeanor,' and 'claim of not knowing others…at the same location,' as providing justification for a detention…. [read more]

Law Enforcement Patrolling Kansas City Term Paper

… While there are parallels to the Kansas City experiment, the initiative seeks to draw on best practices from Los Angeles, New York, Chicago, San Jose, and Harlem (City of Oakland, 2012, p. 2).

Success of the Oakland initiative will rest upon demonstrable quantifiable and qualitative results. A successful program of concentrated patrolling must reduce the instances of gun crimes, or the appropriately targeted issue, but foster better relations with the residents of the community, if the issues of the Kerner Commission Report are to be mitigated. Statistical success is only one component of police duties, that of crime fighting, but it is the law enforcement aspect that builds strong communities.

New Orleans and Ft. Lauderdale Police Force

The New Orleans police force is a storied…. [read more]

Stand Your Ground Laws in Arizona White Paper

Sec 13-406. Justification; defense of a third person

A person is justified in threatening or using physical force or deadly physical force against another to protect a third person if, under the circumstances as a reasonable person would believe them to be, such person would be justified under section 13-404 or 13-405 in threatening or using physical force or deadly physical force to protect himself against the unlawful physical force or deadly physical force a reasonable person would believe is threatening the third person he seeks to protect.


Under this Arizona section, persons (as defined above which includes both public and private sector organizations) are justified in threatening to use or in actually…. [read more]

Law Enforcement Corruption Controlling Corruption Internally Police Discussion Chapter

… Law Enforcement Corruption

Controlling Corruption Internally

Police corruption is something which occurs in all countries to some extent and is largely a byproduct of a system which is flawed in a multi-faceted manner. When corruption runs rampant within a police force, it's generally a result of shoddy leadership, superficial culture and a system which lacks transparency and accountability (Newham, 2011). Corruption is something which is able to flourish not simply as a result of opportunity and greed, but because of a climate within police forces that prizes loyalty over integrity, along with leaders who turn a blind eye, out of a sense of denial, or willfully or as a result of those in leadership positions who are more afraid of the results of a corruption…. [read more]

Law Enforcement the Police Essay

… Law Enforcement

The police are the most visible sign and symbol of authority in government and society (O'Connor 2008). They exist because they fulfill the role and perform the tasks, which citizens do not want to take. Citizens rely on them to hunt down criminals, prevent crime, maintain peace and order, interpret the law, protect citizens and, in general, keep things in order in the community. Someone said that a police officer has to be a "lawyer, scientist, medic, psychologist, athlete, and public servant" in one. The police are a conservative and fundamental institution because their function is directly linked to maintaining equilibrium in society. They are often expected to do the impossible and to do it efficiently despite limited resources. They are also expected…. [read more]

Law Enforcement Integrity Research Paper

… You are a police officer and you witness your partner of 6 years strike a criminal suspect who has been arrested and is secured in handcuffs. The actions of your partner are in violation of your department's Use of Force policy. Your partner has already received punitive sanctions in the past for unwarranted use of force, and this incident may jeopardize his career. What would you do?

The first thing I would do is stop the violence against the criminal suspect. I would then take my partner aside and ask him what he was thinking. After all, even seasoned law enforcement officers can lose their composure when confronted with sufficiently compelling evidence. The next thing I would do is report my partner for his or…. [read more]

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