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Data Collection Includes Survey Form Term Paper

… The awareness to legal and ethical considerations regarding the social media is also observed through statistical analysis of the results. The conclusion and recommendation will also base the survey results to analyzemost important aspects of the training required by law enforcement agencies (Fresenko, 2010).

Question 3:

Role of Social media's in spreading lawlessness: Case study of London Riots in 2011.

The role of social media is regarded as a critical in the changing technological paradigm. The instant availability of a platform to express one's opinion, reaction, and claims is one of the notable advancement in communications. The friends and family members living in different geographical locations are connected through a social media wall. The individual users update their status and information regarding any event occurring…. [read more]

Use of Force Thesis

… Excessive Use of Force by Police

The excessive use of force in the police force has been the subject of debate for many decades. The problem relates to the fact that the police is often obliged to use some extent of force to ensure the safety of the public. Being involved in a highly stressful job situation however means that judgment may be impaired in terms of what type of force is appropriate for the particular situation faced at the time. Police officers could also make errors in judgment, for example mistaking a gesture of surrender for the intention of force. Tragedy could then result. When investigating the various types of force generally used by police officers, trends can be established and the excess of…. [read more]

Law Enforcement Is a Different Occupation Term Paper

… Law enforcement is a different occupation than most. A policeman who walks out of the door one morning faces a greater likelihood of not returning home, than people from most other professions. Policemen are first responders to scenes of accidents and crimes. They have to deal with the lowest society has to offer, by using their experience, training as well as their instinct. Officers present the face of the judicial system -- a key arm of the government -- to the general public. This is an onerous task. And along with it comes other responsibilities. One is to uphold the law strictly, or bring to bear one's utilitarian leanings in the solution of problems that the police officer encounters several times a day. A police…. [read more]

International Law Assess the Legality Seminar Paper

… International Law

Assess the legality of the 2003 American invasion of Iraq in the context of the United Nations Charter provisions governing the use of force. Does the legal position adopted by the United States on the Iraq war a signal the emergence of new norms governing the use of force under International treaty or customary law? Make sure to incorporate the relevant assigned readings into your answer

invasion of Iraq was in violation of Article 2 of the UN Charter. This states, "All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations."

When you apply this…. [read more]

Excessive Use of Force Term Paper

… Excessive Use of Force

The issues that have been dealt with are first the question as to what use of force by the law enforcing authorities can be viewed as legitimate. Then comes the question of situations when the use of force can be considered as legitimate, followed by explanations from a police psychologist as to the persons among the police who are likely to use force. This is followed by the descriptions of situations where the police have used on general public and finally a discussion on the biggest use of force that is being talked about today - Guantanamo.

It can be said in general that everybody dislikes when he has to do something that he does not want to do, and the…. [read more]

Police Use of Force Essay

… " (U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, 1999, p.24) Beech reports that while a good understand of this is critical applying a definition to the term is difficult. However, ethical behavior on the part of police officers is not so difficult to understand since they are only to use the amount of force necessary when making an arrest. For example, when the police officer has the subject being arrested handcuffed and contained and the subject is no threat to the police officer or the public and the police officer places both hands around the neck of the suspect and chokes the suspect simply because the police officer does not like something the suspect says, this would constitute police use-of-force in violation of criminal…. [read more]

Role of Women in Law Essay

… Moreover, the paper also indicates that women are more likely to be respected, or treated more gently, with less abuses hurled at them than men in the police.

Violence against women is a major issue, where the report states that (Lonsway, Moore, Harrington, Smeal, & Spillar, 2003):

"Research indicates that 2-3 million women are physically assaulted each year in the U.S. By their male partners. In addition, the most recent national estimates indicate that 1 out of 6 American women will be sexually assaulted and 1 out of 12 will be stalked during their lifetime." (Lonsway, Moore, Harrington, Smeal, & Spillar, 2003, p. 7)

Therefore, it is better for more women to be a part of the police force as women respond better to battered…. [read more]

Consulting Police Report Consultant Essay

… Consulting Police Report

Consultant's Report

Imaginary City has been hit hard by the recent economic downturn in the past few years. Unemployment has risen dramatically and crime has also climbed as well. It appears that IC has not managed their books very well and find themselves in financial woe as many public programs and organizations must cut their resources.

Imaginary City's law enforcement is under severe financial strain and is considering outsourcing policing services to the state. The city has a diverse population of 120,000. The city manager has a good sense of policing and law enforcement history and the mission of the police. She believes that the local police are no longer necessary given the change in crime patterns and lack of effectiveness of…. [read more]

Interview With a Law Enforcement Essay

… Why is this true? When a gang member is seen holding a weapon and is threatening a citizen or a police officer, the natural response of the officer is to defend himself and protect the innocent civilian. But in the back of the officer's mind there might be the fear that the citizen review board (or the public) might not understand the training an officer has, training that has molded in his mind that there is a key moment when violence is needed, and shooting the suspect should be a last resort but sometimes reactions take over when there is no time for thinking.

Question: Any other changes you witnessed that you can share in this interview?

Answer: Yes, the media is far more powerful…. [read more]

Women Law Enforcement Essay

… One is the intelligent use of policing style which relies more on physical communication rather than the physical force. They have been accredited more than the men for the community policing style. They use less force more often though would equally employ the force if situations call for it (Parker, 2010).

Women have also employed quite significantly the use of humor in handling their duties but in no way subservient to sexual harassment and manipulation. This sense of humor is accompanied by perseverance, strong work ethics and ever increasing competence. It is noteworthy that all the police personnel in the various states and at various level are very significant and a sacrifice of one section due to gender or race will acutely compromise the service…. [read more]

Diversity in Law Enforcement Article

… Diversity in Law Enforcement

On the afternoon of July 16, 2009 Harvard professor Henry Louis Gates Jr., one of the nation's pre-eminent African-American scholars, was arrested at his home by Cambridge, Massachusetts police investigating a possible break-in. Police Sergeant James Crowley responded to a report of a possible break-in in progress at the Gates address by a neighbor, Lucia Whalen. Whalen said she observed two black males with backpacks try to break into the home. Crowley reported that after observing Gates in the foyer of the residence he asked if he would step out onto the porch to talk (Jan, 2009).

The police and Professor Gates offered differing accounts of what happened next. The police said Professor Gates initially refused to show identification and repeatedly…. [read more]

Police Law Enforcement Agencies Essay

… Theoretically, the agency was formed to eliminate waste, duplication of effort and bureaucracy. However, since its inception, it has been critized for over excessive bureaucracy, ineffectivness in its mission, and the waste of billions of dollars in federal contracts (Hedgpeth, 2008).

The Diplomatic Sercurity Service (DSS) is a federal agency and part of the Department of State. The majority of its members are career Foreign Services officers, primarily made up of U.S. Federal Agents. The DSS is the most widely represented U.S. law enforcement agency in the global market. The DSS has several mandates; threat protection for State Department and other U.S. Officials in foreign countries, passport and visa fraud, counterintelligence and duplomatic adtivities, and investigation of crimes dealing with U.S.citizens abroad.

The ATF (Alchohol,…. [read more]

History of Law Enforcement Thesis

… History Of American Law Enforcement

The Early History and Evolution of Modern American Policing

-Earliest Organized Police Forces

-Vigilante Justice

-Informal Police Methods

Contemporary American Policing

-Evolution of Uniform Constitutional Standards

-Eras of Political and Police Corruption

-Transition to Modern Standards in Policing

-Local, State, and Federal Agency Cooperation

The origin of American policing was fractured and disorganized, with individual cities devising their own systems of hiring local men to police the streets and paying them from municipal funds pooled from collected taxes. A vigilante justice-based system existed throughout the first two centuries of the establishment of the nation's largest cities, eventually being replaced by more organized and uniform approaches to law enforcement that was principally attributable to the gradual centralization of government on a…. [read more]

Women Representation in Law Enforcement Thesis

… Women Representation in Law Enforcement

Women Working in Law Enforcement

The United States has proven once again that it is capable of change, and the election of the first African-American as president and the fact that his Republican opponent selected a female as his vice presidential running mate suggest that glass ceilings are shattering across the country even as this study was being researched. Unfortunately, the state of affairs that exists in the nation today did not come about overnight and the disparities of the past will likewise not be overcome quickly and this especially appears to be the case when it comes to the number of American women working in law enforcement today. The results of a comprehensive national survey administered by the U.S.…. [read more]

Role of Law Enforcement Administrators in the Face of Increased International Terrorism Term Paper

… ¶ … Role of Law Enforcement Administrators in the face of increased International Terrorism

The origins of the office of the sheriff, both in England as well as in the United States of America are very old, and in England, it can be traced back to the time of the Norman Conquest in the year 1066. This was the time when, for the purpose of bettering their community security, the neighbors were grouped in what was known as 'tithing', and their role was to help their neighbors in times of need. These were groups of ten members, and when tithes were arranged in larger groups, of ten members each, and then they were known as shires, making up to one hundred members. These shires were…. [read more]

Extraordinary Measures the Differences Term Paper

… Extraordinary Measures

The differences between the military forces of this country and the law enforcement forces of this country are significant, despite the growing trend to synthesize and merge the operational potential of each agency. The military is an international force that has the capability to deploy anywhere on the planet to implement and enforce their will, while the police are much less mobile and are more or less restricted to domestic issues. In some cases, the FBI can span both of these territories leading to many confusing and perplexing situations where the rule of law is held in question and honorable leadership is necessary.

The purpose of this essay is to distinguish and analyze the consequences of extraordinary measures, to include internment, deportation, restriction…. [read more]

Is International Law Really Law? Term Paper

… ¶ … Enforcement of International Law

The argument against international law

International law that is defined as the body of law that is used to effectively govern the legal relationship among or between sovereign states and nations has attracted a protracted debate on whether it is really law. International law has also been noted to consist of rules as well as general application principles that deals with the conduct of states as well as international organizations in regard to their international relations with each other as well as with minority groups, private individuals as well as transnational corporations (Beckman and Butte 1).Several scholars have engaged in arguments with the aim of determining if international law is really law. D'Amato (1) pointed out that several scholars…. [read more]

Cyber Crime Task Force Term Paper

… In fact Schnucks Fresh Goods & Pharmacy in St. Louis was victimized by criminals in 2013. This is a classic example of how the task force can become effective, because the commercial stores (like Target and other retail firms) are vulnerable. Schnucks was attacked in 2013 and an estimated 2.4 million debit and credit card information were compromised between December 2012 and March, 2013, according to a story in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch (Gustin, 2013). How this works for the criminals -- and why the task force is so important in this aspect of cyber criminality -- is they hack into a vulnerable site where credit and debit cards are available. Then they insert "random access malware" into the site, which steals credit and debit…. [read more]

Technology Has Developed White Paper

… Most career law enforcement officers lack the advanced skills required for most intelligence positions and using civilian intelligence analysts also frees up career police personnel to patrol, investigate, and perform other field work. Additionally, the use of civilian intelligence analysts also creates a permanent and experienced body of personnel that lends a measure of consistency to the intelligence process.

As earlier noted, since 9/11 the role of analysis in the intelligence field has received increased attention. The move toward increased use of intelligence in the law enforcement industry had begun before 9/11 but the events of 9/11 brought to the surface the seriousness of the inadequacies in the field of law enforcement intelligence analysis

. It highlighted that intelligence analysis in the United States was…. [read more]

Law Enforcement Social Media Policies Research Paper

… Policy Development

Law enforcement executives face significant challenges with respect to the development of social media policy. They have an interest in creating policies in order to protect the profession and the reputation of the department, both things that supersede any one individual officer, but which can be put at risk by an officer. However, there can be resistance by local unions and by national bodies to anything that infringes on the officer's freedoms -- Internet usage is not mentioned in the Constitution or the Bill of Rights. Further, police executives do not wish to contribute to a negative climate on their forces by taking a harsh and unreasonable stand with respect to social media. It can be difficult to strike the right balance.

Overview…. [read more]

Florida Law Enforcement Tallahassee Research Paper

… Although the numbers of murders by male Floridians has declined somewhat since its peak in 2008, more of the murders committed in 2011 involved firearms compared to years past (Crime in Florida, 2013).

What remains unclear from the raw statistics is just how many of the male perpetrators were gang members. These statistics are maintained by the State of Florida security threat group task force, though, which reports gang-related criminal activities in Florida have increased every single year since 1990 (Jordan, 2009). According to Jordan, "The crimes committed have become more and more violent. For example, the number of gang members convicted of capital murder increased 22.44% from 2006 to 2008" (p. 29).


Crime in Florida. (2013). CBS Miami. Retrieved from


Crime…. [read more]

Policy and Procedure Manual EZ Research Paper

… Psychological reactions, emotional reactions, stress factors

Individuals operating a firearm most are cognizant of emotional instability. Stress often caused individuals to act prematurely. Before firing or engaging a firearm, individuals must undergo a mental assessment. Upon results of this assessment, individuals will be cleared to use a firearm. Every three years, every individual with a firearm must conduct a retest to ensure proper mental stability will operate a concealed weapon.

The aftermath

The aftermath of a shooting event can be very detrimental to all parties involved. This will vary depending on circumstances. The shooter or operators of firearms must be aware and cognizant of the following factors: Death, serious bodily injury, bullet wounds, blood, broken bones, disfigurement, and much more.


The safety of the…. [read more]

Criminology Theory: Why Deadly Force Essay

… One critical component of this notion is that officers should keep their distance from potential adversaries, whenever it is possible, so they can limit the threat they face as they seek to understand better what is happening." (p.3) According to Klinger "the sociology of risk and mistake is rooted largely in organizational sociology; a sub-discipline that analyzes the structure and operation of formal organizations such as police departments." (2005, p.5)

III. Rarity of Officer-Involved Shootings

Officer-involved shootings are reported to be rare since the rules that govern the use of firearms by police officers allow the police officer to shoot in only two types of circumstances: (1) when they have reasonable belief that their life or the life of another innocent person is in imminent…. [read more]

How to Manage the Use of Force Ethical Issues Term Paper

… ¶ … criminal justice system, a manager has a hard time due to ethical issues because there is a high level of stress within the police department. Due to the high level stress that police go through, it affects them psychological and physically, which alters their daily behavior and cause them to violate or overlook ethical issues such as police brutality and profiling. This is a major issue because most police departments do not have suitable support for the stress because most police stress programs and consulting mental health practitioners focus predominantly on preventing and treating stress among individual officers. Unfortunately, this approach fails to deal with the original organizational problems that form the basis of the stress encountered by many officers. From there, it…. [read more]

Federal Tort Claims Act Essay

… For the purposes of the FTCA, law enforcement officers are "anyone who can make arrests for violations of federal law, or seize evidence, or execute seizures" ( Solari, Unk.). Because it is frequently within the scope of employment for these people to engage in aggressive behavior, the government will pay "for intentional torts like assault, battery, false imprisonment, false arrest, malicious prosecution, and abuse of process if those torts were committed while within scope" (Solari, Unk.). Specifically, 28 U.S.C. § 2680(h) (2006) provides that. "with regard to acts or omissions of investigative or law enforcement officers of the United States Government, the provisions of this chapter and section 1346(b) of this title shall apply to any claim arising, on or after the date of the…. [read more]

Police Department Thesis

… Law Enforcement Policies and Procedures

Use of Force Policy

This use of force policy establishes the criteria and circumstances under which force shall be authorized during encounters with any member of the general public.

The use of force policy that is used for this law enforcement department will follow the guidance of national and state authorities as well as best practices identified through a review of national surveys of police departments across the country. A use of force policy is necessary because this area represents one of the more commonly cited issues concerning the manner in which law enforcement authorities exercise their authority while upholding the peace (Kenney & McNamara, 1999).

Instances of use of force will be monitored closely. Because an inordinate percentage of…. [read more]

Police Force Emerging Crime (Comments) Discussion Chapter

… ¶ … Police Force Emerging crime (comments)


Nathan, I really enjoyed reading your response and learned quite a lot about your positions on police training and the appropriate use of force. Your example of the Rodney King riots was a very useful example of how police can learn from past mistakes. Incorporating ethical training while at the academy no doubt serves this purpose as you argue. Your ideas about a refresher course on force and the ethical application of it is a great idea. I think re-training is the only way to keep up with evolving landscape that is law enforcement and reflection, contemplation and after action reviews are especially important in this process of learning and becoming a better professional.


Jeremy, I…. [read more]

Use of Force and Ethics Term Paper

… Criminal Justice - Use of Force


Ethical Issues and Use-of-Force Management in Policing:

Police and other law enforcement officers are authorized to employ physical force in performance of their lawful duties including in executing lawful arrests, protecting members of the public from harm, and preventing serious crime (Schmalleger, 2008).

That use of force ranges from the mere use of a command presence and voice commands all the way up to and including the use of deadly force. Generally, police management and training utilizes a use-of-force continuum (UOFC) that includes five specific levels of force: (1) Non-physical command presence and verbal commands, (2) light hands, such as guiding individuals away from restricted areas, (3) heavy hands, consisting of compliance…. [read more]

Cyberstalking Cyber-Crime in a New Term Paper

… So it's not going to change their opinion. It's not going to change their perception. That's what they see every day. It will change the perception and opinion of the people who are paying for it all, and that's our hope.

This type of cybersecurity is hotly contested in regards to its virtue. Some believe that the organization is doing a service to the public while others believe that figures such as Julian Assange should be tried in a court for treason for releasing U.S. secretes.

However, regulating access to the online community is also a cause of concern. In countries like China, the government regulates much of the internet usage. The Chinese people do not have access to popular websites such as Facebook. However,…. [read more]

Judicial Dictatorship This Report Serves Book Review

… Judicial Dictatorship

This report serves as a summary and analysis of the book Judicial Dictatorship by Bridwell and Quirk. It was written nearly a generation ago but many of the allegations, points and analysis in the book remain very relevant to the modern age of judicial action and oversight. The main point of the text is that the judicial branch of the United States government has far surpassed and exceeded the purview that was supposedly intended by the founding fathers. The chapters offer a systemic review with many examples of how this alleged state of being has come to pass.

The book gets things off to a roaring start in the prologue by railing against the concept of judicial review. Judicial review, in a nutshell,…. [read more]

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