Viewing papers 1-7 of 7 for victimology AND and AND alternatives

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Victimology and Alternatives Term Paper

… Victimology and Alternatives

The objective of this work is to examine whether the use of shaming, peacemaking and restorative justice offer useful alternatives to our traditional criminal justice system, particularly from the point-of-view of the victims. This work will seek to understand the difficulties with the use of these methods and what might render these methods into workable solutions, and finally, what specific changes in the present criminal justice system would be necessary.

The work of Mary P. Koss entitled: "Blame, Shame, and Community: Justice Responses to Violence Against Women" states that traditional retributive justice "...aims for punishment of the guilty, whereas restorative justice is a new paradigm seeking victim-oriented criminal justice. Justice is adversarial when two sides of the case square off to uncover…. [read more]

Pennell v. State of Delaware Term Paper

… Pennell v. State of Delaware, the court addressed issues surrounding an expert's testimony about serial killers. This testimony was crucial because the defendant was indicted and tried for the murders of three prostitutes, and convicted of murdering two of those victims. The defendant attempted to suggest that the admission of the expert's testimony violated Frye v. United States. However, in Bass v. State, the Court previously determined that the Frye test was inapplicable when an expert's opinion was based solely on his own knowledge and experience, in contrast to scientific information. Therefore, the Court determined that Delaware Rule of Evidence 702 governed the admissibility of the expert's opinion. The expert's experience was outside of the realm of average knowledge and could have assisted the jury's…. [read more]

What Causes Victims of Violence to Stay in Abusive Relationships Research Proposal

… Research Questions and Hypothesis
Q 1: Why do men and women stay in abusive relationships?
Q 2: Do intergenerational transmission of violence theory or gender role expectations play a part in that decision to stay?
The hypothesis of this study is that men and women stay in abusive relationships for a variety of reasons that are wholly unique and meaningful to their own particular background, experience, beliefs, and situation. No two cases yield the same result, and while there can be meaningful similarities across cases, getting to the bottom of the situation in order to help men and women cope with their situation requires extensive support through interpersonal therapy.
The phenomenological method will be used in this study, as it allows the researcher to…. [read more]

Domestic Violence: Trauma-Focused Therapy Research Paper

… Another reason Steinmetz (1977) found was that men could use their bruises from their wives as a form of emotional revenge: the bruises would be signs to their wives of how cruel they were being towards their husbands and would make them feel bad. What Steinmetz (1977) revealed, therefore, was that some men stay in abusive relationships because it is a challenge—a kind of relational game that they play—similar to what Edward Albee showed in Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolfe?

Dare et al. (2013) found that women often stay in abusive relationships because they feel bad for their abuser; they feel that if they left he would never get any help and would only get worse. They feel that if they are truly going…. [read more]

Feminist Criminology and Victimization Theory Term Paper

… Victimization

There are four costs associated with crime: (1) losses suffered by victims, (2) criminal justice system expenditures, (3) losses to society in terms of positive productivity by criminals, and (4) intangible losses such as pain, suffering, and fear of victimization (McCollister, French, and Fang, 2010). In 2007, the losses suffered by victims were estimated to be $15 billion and the cost of maintaining a criminal justice system $179 billion. Murder, for example, was estimated to cost victims about $738,000, the criminal justice system $400,000, society $150,000, and $8,442,000 in intangibles. By contrast, rape and aggravated assault carry tangible costs totaling $41,000 and $20,000, respectively, and intangible costs of $200,000 and $95,000, respectively.

The descriptive data generated by Simpson and colleagues (2008) provides considerable support…. [read more]

Domectic Violence Research Proposal

… The killing of spouses and sexual intimates comprises a smaller fraction of American homicide than that of the homicide experienced in Canada and Western Europe, and trends in domestic killing have been flat to diminishing over the last twenty years. Nevertheless, the differentials in spousal homicide, while smaller than for homicide, generally exceed those found for child abuse.

Research Approach

The models we shall discuss will be based on a dimensional view of personality factors in keeping with the definition of personality traits. That is, the focus is on individual differences that differ along a continuum that varies in levels (low, medium, and high). According to this approach, personality disorder occurs when an individual has extreme scores on maladaptive traits.

An alternative approach is to…. [read more]

Tom Shulich ("Coltishhum") a Comparative Chapter

… 40).

Thus, from the perspective of the bottom rung of Indian society, it is Lapierre's contention that the self/other dichotomy if not fully eradicated, at least becomes practically irrelevant. Lapierre's slum dwellers refuse to entertain invidious distinctions between self and other. The familiar as well as the stranger, the healthy and the diseased, the old and the young -- all are taken in and cared for in one big, harmonious community of the urban poor. In a society of unfortunates who all must struggle simply to survive against great odds, no one is rejected "marginal." The denizens of Calcutta's slums, Lapierre tells us, "had reconstructed the life of their villages in urban exile" (p. 41).

Stephan Kovalski, an expatriate Polish priest, is the main European…. [read more]

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