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Mary Wollstonecraft's Impact on American Essay

… Wollstonecraft used such logic to form the basis of her argument that women were entitled to the same consideration under the law as men. This is a position that is widely accepted today but in the era when Wollstonecraft lived it was highly profound, and needless to say, controversial.

Wollstonecraft's contributions were not limited to the area of human rights and their extension to women. She also contributed to the ideas of social deprivation and equality. Although Wollstonecraft's primary concern was how such ideas applied to women she was enlightened enough to recognize that such problems applied to men in society as well. Having been influenced by the ideals of the French Revolution, Wollstonecraft was not content with the prevailing ideas of Burke and Bentham…. [read more]

Vindication of the Rights of Woman Mary Research Proposal

… ¶ … Vindication of the Rights of Woman

Mary Wollstonecraft's book a Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) was written as a response to the proposed state-supported system of public education that would only educate girls to be housewives, a proposal made by Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord, the French minister of education after the French revolution (Mellor 367). The passion with which Wollstonecraft wrote a Vindication of the Rights of Woman was derived from her personal experience of inequality as a young woman in a patriarchal society and also by the injustice she experienced in her own family growing up, an injustice experienced primarily because of her gender given that she was raised in a home where her older brother, Ned (who by law…. [read more]

Mary Wollstonecraft Term Paper

… And although Wollstonecraft did not live to see the fruition of her ideals regarding women's rights, her vision is left as she states, "I have thrown down the gauntlet, it is time to restore women to their lost dignity and to make them a part of the human species" (Cucinello pp).

In "An Eve to Please Me," Saba Bahar asserts that the goal and impulse behind Wollstonecraft's work was to "recreate Western culture's canonical images of woman, women, and femininity in order to create a world that is more conducive to the lives of women and men" (Carlson pp). And it is this, according to Bahar, that gives credibility to Wollstonecraft's status as the mother of western liberal feminisim (Carlson pp). Wollstonecraft writes fearlessly and…. [read more]

Vindication Rights Woman - Mary Essay

… From her perspective, children who are present in an unjust society "very soon acquire that kind of premature manhood which stops the growth of every vigorous power of mind and body" (Wollstonecraft 361).

III. Presuppositions

1. Wollstonecraft's thinking is perfectly normal in the contemporary society and this demonstrates that progress made it possible for humanity to understand that it was unfair toward women and that it was essential for it to change people's perspective in regard to gender roles. People in the late eighteenth century differed from individuals in the present because they were unable to accept that women are equal to men. Also, they failed to comprehend that it was more productive for them and for the social order as a whole to refrain…. [read more]

Women's Timeline Women's Movement Creative Writing

… As a southern woman and the daughter of a slave-owning judge, Grimke provided the recently formed American Anti-Slavery Society with a headline-grabbing new member."

Source: "Angelina Grimke in Women's Movements." Women's Movements. Web. 29 May 2012. .

5. Elizabeth Cady Stanton

This fantastic woman is without a doubt the true founder of the women's movement in the 19th century, in America. Her ideas, however, just as Wollstonecraft's a century before, spread to many countries and the movement became truly global in the 20th century. Stanton worked primarily with Lucretia Mott, another early suffragette, to attain equal rights for women, and the two partners went on to organize the Seneca Falls Convention, which was the first women's rights convention ever organized, and which was attended by…. [read more]

Mary Wollstonecraft "Freedom, Even Uncertain Essay

… 1978). With this equal treatment women can enter any profession and have careers just the same as men.

The most radical of all theories by Mary Wollstonecraft was proposing that boys and girls should be educated together; such an idea was never brought forward before. The idea of co-educational schooling was simply regarded as nonsense by many educational thinkers of the time (Taylor, et al. 1983). It was a fashionable belief that if women were educated and not docile, husbands would lose any power they had over their wives. Mary Wollstonecraft was furious about this and maintained that 'This is the very point I aim at. I do not wish them to have power over men but over themselves'.

Mary Wollstonecraft preferred co-educational day schools,…. [read more]

Mary Wollstonecraft the Woman Term Paper

… It has been said that Mary was the forerunner to this generation's women's liberation movement and in some respects this appears to be correct. Fundamentally, though, it is this writer's studied opinion that, although freedom was sought with all impunity and desire, this was not Mary's primary goal.

The moral decay of the people she saw all around her caused a great deal of concern for that which she believed. Mary Wollstonecraft took the challenge of preaching to a decadent generation about the value in living proper, respectful, and moral lives. She did not excuse her own gender in the pursuit of pleasure nor did she hold men blameless. Her life was spent writing to instruct and point women everywhere to a better, more fulfilling…. [read more]

Women Rights William Thompson Term Paper

… " p. 118-119)

Wheeler and Thompson continue in their unique style and argue against commonly held beliefs about women rights in the 19 thn century. Their books take into account everything from employment to politics to marriage and even sexual issues. But while this book was the most comprehensive commentary ever written on the subject of women rights, it wasn't the first book to bring the subject to the limelight. It is important to bear in mind that Wheeler and Thompson drew inspiration from some other books written previously on the same subject, the most prominent being Mary Wollstonecraft's Vindication of the Rights of Woman. In this book, Wollstonecraft focused primarily on the significance of proper education for women. Wheeler appears to have borrowed some…. [read more]

Women Struggles in EL Essay

… Woolf challenges the idea of patriarchy and the notion that women are inferior to men throughout this work.

In addition, during the Romantic age and after this idea of a woman having control over her very being became a popular topic and it remains a popular topic even in the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries. At the current time literature is still being written about a woman's right to be in control of her reproductive system. This topic becomes quite clear in the Adrienne Rich book Of Woman Born: Motherhood As Experience And Institution. In the book she speaks about the role of motherhood in forming the psyche of a woman. She discusses how some women are not maternal and should no be expected to…. [read more]

Woman's Rights Essay

… Women's Rights

In her personal "Letters" Abigail Adams begged her husband John Adams to remember the contribution women had made to the founding of the new Republic when constructing the laws of the land. However, President Adams, although he placed a great deal of credence in his wife's opinion on a personal level, did not listen to his wife in this instance. He believed women's influence was best channeled through their male relations, and women were not suited to direct participation in political affairs. It was many years before equality for women was acknowledged within the legal framework of the nation.

Today, no one would seriously consider taking away any woman's right to vote and to be an articulate participant in the American political process.…. [read more]

Vindication of the Rights of Women Preface Research Proposal

… ¶ … Vindication of the Rights of Women

Preface to a Vindication of the Rights of Women: A Reflection of Conformity and Rebellion in the Times of Mary Wollstonecraft

From psychology to the physical sciences, the contributions of women to areas of study generally reserved for men have received a great deal of attention as of late. This is primarily because women's contributions to these areas of study have been traditionally ignored or undervalued simply because of the male-dominated societies that characterized most of the world before the twentieth century. In English literature, however, the issue is somewhat more complex. Women have been contributing to literature since its inception. Although they were certainly viewed with suspicion, and had to earn their place in the popular…. [read more]

Gender Equality Term Paper

… Another aspect takes into account men and women's conjugal lifestyle. A Vindication rejects the idea that woman is to be protected, guided and cherished by man, as "the lordly caresses of a protector will not gratify a noble mind that pants for and deserves to be respected" (Wollstonecraft 30) The author also challenges the notion that strength, embodied in man, and beauty, embodied in woman, combine to achieve perfection. In fact, she argues that man is scarcely more than an overgrown child himself and it would be unwise to rest the responsibility of progress entirely on his shoulders, as this can only bring about a negative outcome. What is more, a woman who actively aspires to a stronger body and more able mind will eventually,…. [read more]

Vindication of the Rights of Woman Thesis

… ¶ … Vindication of the rights of woman: a reflection of conformity and rebellion in the times of Mary Wollstonecraft

The main focus of this document is Mary Wollstonecraft's a Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) and how this book relates to the struggle of women during the 18th century to enter not only the social arena on an equal level with men, but also the professional, educational and political fields. Wollstonecraft wrote her book without the traditional apology, proposing that there is little difference in the brains of men and women. Indeed, she pioneered the idea that women's education should focus on areas other than pleasing a man.

It is also highlighted however that Wollstonecraft, like other forward-thinking women of her time, experienced…. [read more]

William Wordsworth and a Vindication Term Paper

… ¶ … William Wordsworth and "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman" by Mary Wollstonecraft. Specifically, it will compare and contrast the works and discuss how they related to modern culture and society. Wollstonecraft and Wordsworth are both fairly contemporary writers who lived within fifty years of each other and wrote in the Romantic style. While their works seemed topical of the time they were written, it is startling to see how closely they mirror our modern world, especially considering they were written over 200 years ago. This indicates that society and culture will always decry "progress" and change, no matter when or how it occurs.

According to the text, Mary Wollstonecraft was the product of an abusive home, and her sister married an abusive…. [read more]

Woman: An Epistemological Programme Term Paper

… Only 'absolute in loveliness,' the portion of rationality granted to woman, is indeed very scanty; for, denying her genius and judgment, it is scarcely possible to divine what remains to characterize intellect." Wollstonecraft, M. Vindication Chapter IV.

The quarrel will go on as long as men and women fail to recognize each other as equals; that is to say, as long as femininity is perpetuated as such. Which sex is the more eager to maintain it? Woman, who is being emancipated from it, wishes none the less to retain its privileges; and man, in that case, wants her to assume its limitations. 'It is easier to accuse one sex than to excuse the other,' says Montaigne. It is vain to apportion praise and blame. The…. [read more]

Woman Question Float John Stuart Mill Term Paper

… ¶ … Woman Question float

John Stuart Mill, Elizabeth Browning, and Mary Wollstonecraft on Sarah Ellis' "The Woman Question"

In the essay, "The Woman Question," author Sarah Ellis presented a contemplative thought on the nature of female characterization in most literary works in 19th century. Explicating her thoughts in writing, Ellis reflected on how literature had been an influential medium through which patriarchy was validated and women suppression was further reinforced. Her observation included the assertion that all women, specifically literature's female characters, were "held up in universal admiration." This admiration stemmed from the fact that female characters were often depicted not as "accomplished women, women who could solve problems, and elucidate systems of philosophy," but instead, these females were those "who have gone down…. [read more]

Women and the Enlightenment Research Proposal

… Women and the Enlightenment

The objective of this work is to read the text of Mary Wollstoncraft's "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman" and to consult other works in the consideration of whether Wollstonecraft's text represents a revolutionary break in thinking about women. This work will explain the answer provided in regards to how Wollstonecraft's ideas were radical and new or alternatively similar to others of her time.

Ferguson: The Radical Ideas of Mary Wollstonecraft

The work of Susan Ferguson entitled: "The Radical Ideas of Mary Wollstonecraft" states that "according to the standard narrative of feminist intellectual history, modern feminism in the English-speaking world begins with Mary Wollstonecraft's bold appeals for women's inclusion in a public life overwhelmingly dominated by men." (1999) Ferguson states…. [read more]

Beliefs of Mary Wollstonecraft Essay

… These women are seen as objects, and not as people (Wollstonecraft, 7). It is possible to see women like this still today, as many of them work as models or in other jobs where the basic point of them is to be seen and be beautiful. That is not to imply that all models and other beautiful women are like this, though. Many women who make a living on their looks are very intelligent, and they use their looks because they can, not because they have nothing else or do not know anything else. That is an important distinction to consider. There are also other women who use their looks to make a living, but they do so by focusing on what men can buy…. [read more]

Mary Wollstonecraft and Afghani Social Struggle Term Paper

… Afghan Women's Social Struggle

Social Struggle of Women in Afghanistan

It was only in the fall of 2001 when the United States focused on Afghanistan in their search for Osama bin Laden and the al-Qaida network that the international audience first heard of the stories of the Afghan women (Dubriwny). In a statement by Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison (as cited in Dubriwny, par. 2), he said, "We didn't really know how women were being treated until it was brought out in the news accounts. For five years, girls have been denied education in that country." Accounts of the situation of Afghan together with speeches delivered by former First Lady, Laura Bush, which according to Abu-Lughod (784) "enlisted women to justify American bombing and intervention in…. [read more]

Jane Austen and Mary Wollstonecraft Term Paper

… Critics have seen Fanny as passive, uninteresting, ugly and morally debasing-everything in fact that undermined the concept of women at the time. This objection to Fanny's physical beauty then coincides with the belief that women of the time were objectified as sex symbols and their beauty became the core of their status in society.

Wollstonecraft's "A Vindication Of the Rights of Women," too suggested disgust toward the female body and her use of the disembodied woman as the emblem for the diseased body politic. Mary Wollstonecraft's concept of motherhood as public service in the interest of the republic suggested in her work presented the influence of women to be stronger than that acknowledged by men. As she wrote, "How grossly do they insult us who…. [read more]

Duality Jonathan Swift and Mary Wollstonecraft Term Paper

… Duality

Jonathan Swift and Mary Wollstonecraft were both consummate social commentators on the duality of power and oppression. Through the analysis of two of their works, namely, Swift's a Modest Proposal and Wollstonecraft's a Vindication of the Right of Women one can see an easy assimilation of the challenges that such minds made to the disproportionate balance between the powerful and the oppressed. In fact each offers a differing view of the powerful as the greatest evil in the world. Swift through sarcasm, indicting the wealthy and powerful as mock heartless and capable of almost anything to retain control, and Wollstonecraft by directly annihilating the wealthy and powerful for openly subjugating fifty percent of the human population (women) as a measure of fashion and power…. [read more]

Mary Shelley's Frankenstein Term Paper

… Around Shelly's time in England, new technology was infiltrating the factories and industry. The technology can be seen as represented in Shelly's book in two distinct ways. The technology took a toll on the quality of life for the masses in England, and while it may have beneficial for some, it had harmful effects for many. The technology created the "monster" of the masses, which like Frankenstein's creation, "once unleashed could not be controlled." (Montag 386) The Monster can also be seen as a representation of the technology itself. This technology, for all of its good intentions that were intended to benefit society, inadvertently harmed many. The Monster attempted to help people, yet accidentally harmed them in the process. The technology was rejected by many…. [read more]

Feminist Reading Two Models of Feminism: Wollstonecraft Term Paper

… Feminist Reading

Two Models of Feminism: Wollstonecraft and Chopin on the Social Dynamics of Female Emancipation

One of the most fundamental and profound developments in literature and literary criticism in the past century or two is the emergence of the feminist perspective, or more correctly an abundance of feminine perspectives. The plural is the proper form because there is no true cohesion in the many ideals, frameworks, and conclusions that "feminist" (even this use of the term is somewhat specious) authors and critics have brought to the creation and interpretation of literature from the dawn of the nineteenth century to the modern era. To be fair, certain strains of feminism can be found in earlier works, as well, and it was not until the late…. [read more]

Women's Rights Cases for Gender Thesis


"…Woman, as a human being,

has rights the inevitable conclusion of the then new philosophical theory"

Mary Wollstonecraft

(Wollstonecraft & Pennell, 1891, p. viii).

Rights of Women "Tried"

In 1891, more than one hundred years ago, after Mary Wollstonecraft published "Rights of Woman," Horace Walpole, as a number of others during this time in American history, denounced her as a social outcast. Walpole "politely called" Wollstonecraft a "hyena in petticoats," a "philosophising serpent" (Wollstonecraft & Pennell, 1891, p. vii). Woman, as a human being, Mary Wollstonecraft (1891) asserts in a Vindication of the Rights of Woman, has rights (Wollstonecraft & Pennell, 1891, p. viii). This research paper examines a number of rights of women and how they…. [read more]

Equality Taylor's a Vindication Essay

… " Equal consideration has the potential to be a more powerful ethical basis for the treatment of others than whether or not certain beings have rights. A rights-based view is too often biased towards humans. Equal consideration translates to different treatment and different rights, based on the nature of diversity. Singer points out, for example, that there are individual differences within each group. Assuming that all men or all women are the same is preposterous. Not all human beings are equal; some are better at math, others are better at art. Animals are not equal to humans, but they deserve equal consideration.

8. Most human beings are "speciesist," according to the author. They believe, as a racist does in relation to race group status, that…. [read more]

Mary Shelley's Frankenstein Mary Wollstonecraft Term Paper

… The coldness of the North Pole can symbolize the stifling and impenetrable nature of that forbidden knowledge that Percy and Mary's parents groaned after.

Mary's novel, however, contains a lot of sublimity and joy, especially in the natural world (Spark Notes 2005). Victor's monster enjoys a light-hearted feeling as spring arrives after a hell of winter and abandonment. Mary narrates the freshness and glory of that spring despite the depression and remorse of Victor over the deaths of William and Justine. This freshness resembles that between Mary and Percy that persists despite the coldness and anguish they commonly and individually experienced.

But the same kind and glorious natural world also wanes into the paleness and brutality of winter and with the untimely death of Victor,…. [read more]

Women Involving in Religious Issues Term Paper

… In my opinion, criticizing women as part or member of a religion is an unfair practice. We are all sons and daughters of God, who, in His heart, are equally loved. Each of us has our own morals and values to share. The many female saints that we have in the past and in the present should be enough vindication for women to have equal rights in religion. It is only fitting to recognize women in religion similar to how they have been recognized in some parts of the Bible, such as the role of Mary Magdalene and Mary the Mother of Jesus.

Nowadays, the role of women in religion still brings out issues that cause different religious assemblies and conferences. One, perhaps, that has…. [read more]

Vindication of the Rights of Men Term Paper

… ¶ … Vindication of the Rights of Men, Mary Wollstonecraft outlines several political ideas in direct response to Edmund Burke's critique of Rousseau. The basic ideas behind the French Revolution that were put forth by Rousseau (largely before the Revolution's commencement) and Wollstonecraft were distinctly and explicitly modern in their rejection of the traditional modes of government, especially in a hereditary monarchy and the concept of the divine right to rule being placed in the hands of a single monarch. Though seeming perhaps somewhat tame today, such thought bucked over a thousand years of governing philosophy and practicality; the idea that the common masses should have an equal say in the government to which they were subjected was completely antithetical to all established doctrine.

Rousseau…. [read more]

Wollstonecraft and J.J. Rousseau Term Paper

… In her discussion of moral development as an essential factor in developing intellectual growth, she argued that women's lack of opportunity to achieve formal education also resulted to their lack of moral growth. This means that because they were not exposed to ideas that would encourage the development of a moral character, women were left to act and behave attitudes and character that they deemed as 'right' and 'pleasing' to the society. She expressed dismay over women's lack of privilege in education, both moral and intellectual, relegated her to the low and weak status in the society:

No, it is indolence and vanity -- the love of pleasure and the love of sway, that will rain paramount in an empty mind. I say empty emphatically,…. [read more]

Marxian Critique of Capitalism Focuses Essay

… Communism artificially sets prices regardless of demand and fluctuations in the cost of production.

21. Rewards

Capitalism posits that people should be rewarded for their hard work according to how much others are willing to pay for the product created by that work - that the desire for gain will drive the economy. There are no guarantees under capitalism. You must support yourself, therefore you must produce quality products or services if you want to make a good living and get the goodies. Communism says that all people should be rewarded roughly the same and that if people have no worries about housing, food or medical care, their natural altruism will drive them to do their share to produce quality products, to work hard and…. [read more]

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