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Media Violence the Potential Relationship Essay

… Instead, the burden of proof lies with those proposing a causal link between media violence and aggressive behavior, and in this case they have utterly failed to meet that burden.

The debate discussed in this essay will likely not be completed any time soon, and further research is clearly needed to better understand the relationship between media violence and aggressive behavior. While the extant research has demonstrated a relationship between the two, the nature of this relationship remains indistinct. While preference for violent media can help predict the likelihood that someone will engage in aggressive behavior, this is very different from saying that violent media actually causes that behavior. Nevertheless, the notion that violent media causes actual violence has become extremely popular both in the…. [read more]


Media Violence the Role Essay

… Painless violence

The violent-acts that are illustrated in media does not show any sign on pain or injury and creates a perspective that such activities are safe and will not cause any negative effects. Moreover, the heroic illustration of these activities encourages individuals with the confidence and esteem to carry out these activities in real life (Carter, 2003).

Happy violence

Violence also gives the humorous and amusing perspective when it is shown in animated movies-cartoons where the acts of being harmed and injured are shown with the idea of humor and pleasure. This kind of media-content has made the perspective among children that violent activities are harmless and fun and has eradicated the harms related to these acts (Carter, 2003).

Heroic violence

The violent-activities conducted…. [read more]


Media Violence Term Paper

… Media Violence

The American Psychiatric Association exclaims, "The debate is over. Over the last three decades, the one overriding finding in research on the mass media is that exposure to media portrayals of violence increases aggressive behavior in children." In addition to the correlation between exposure to violent media and aggressive behavior, the APA asserts: "that exposure to depictions of violence causes desensitization and creates a climate of fear." However, causation is difficult to ascertain, as sociological and psychological studies in the area of media violence can generally only suggest correlation, not causation. Nevertheless, children are exposed to countless violent imagery, imagery that has become increasingly realistic over the past several years due to advancements in technology. Not only do movies and television shows glorify…. [read more]


Media Bias in America Term Paper

… Media Bias

Knowledge is rarely neutral, often consciously shaped by these special interests and then unconsciously imbibed from our earliest childhood experiences as cultural "normality." More ominously, manipulation, misinformation, and deception are inescapably entwined with one's belief in the "truth." Propaganda also impacts on the level of public discourse by positively as well as negatively influencing the democratic process. Propaganda is thus common to how image makers influence, how educators teach, how sellers sell, and how elites govern."

Richard Alan Nelson

Political Media Bias

Without a doubt, political media bias exists, and has for a very long time. In fact the basis of the prolific media in the early development of the nation was simply as a voice for the varied political ideologies to demonstrate…. [read more]


Media and United States Foreign Policy Accounts Term Paper

… Media and United States Foreign Policy

Accounts of Involvement

The initial role of media was limited to the deliverance of news report, but with the passage of time and introduction of technologies, the media under went restructuring and a change in its policies and objectives were observed. The media has associated itself with its foremost task of covering the news report, and providing the complete insight to the viewers and readers. However the media has added more dimensions to its previous adopted work style. The media has involved the public opinion in the reporting process, and substantial weightage is given to the public opinion in terms of weekly or monthly polls on the topic of relevance and significance. All these activities have contributed towards reducing…. [read more]


Media / Favorite Form Essay

… The whole purpose of the social responsibility theory is the notion that media's first allegiance is to the public for general edification purposes. The media then is responsible for keeping the public informed, aware, and current on the sort of social news that is the most meaningful. Oftentimes, artists may address social issues (in CDs) that are not given significant coverage in the mainstream media. Problems such as homelessness, drug addiction, and the debilitating effects of violence are routinely discussed within socially conscious music. Other messages are decidedly more political -- such as the outpouring of Southern based artists regarding the slow response and reaction to Hurricane Katrina in 2005 on the part of the federal government. This sort of outpouring -- again, which is…. [read more]


Media and Violence Term Paper

… Media and Violence

Contradicting Causes

Is television alone responsible for 10% of youth violence? (Statistics, 2005) Does society need to "shoot" or annihilate the messengers who bring literal and "real-life" acts of violence and bad news? Is media only a mere messenger or, as Cooley (1985 (1996) purports: Bold in depicting violence timid in morals? Does violence depicted in music, video games, movies, magazines, and on TV cause or trigger "real-life" violence? These questions, alongside other concerns related to media and violence are explored in this paper. Regarding the charge that the media instigates violence, the Media Coalition repeatedly argues, "No." ("Shooting the Messenger...," 2000) This organization stresses that current charges that the media incites violence are myths that have transpired for more than 90…. [read more]


Violence in Media Research Paper

… Feshbach, S. And Tangney, J. "Television Viewing and Aggression Some Alternative

Perspectives." Perspectives on Psychological Science, Vol. 3 (2008): 387 -- 389.

Haridakis, P.M. "Viewer Characteristics, Exposure to Television Violence, and Aggression." Media Psychology, Vol. 4, No. 4 (2002): 323 -- 352.

Krahe', B., Moller, I., Huesmann, L.R., Kirwil, L., Felber, J., and Berger, A.

"Desensitization to Media Violence: Links with Habitual Media Violence

Exposure, Aggressive Cognitions, and Aggressive Behavior." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 100, No. 4 (2010): 630 -- 646.

Potter, W.J., Vaughan, M.W., Warren, R., Howley, K., Land, A., and Hagemeyer, J.C.

"How Real is the Portrayal of Aggression in Television Entertainment

Programming?" Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, Vol. 39 (1995):

496 -- 516.

Sherman, C. "Violent Video Games…. [read more]


Violence in Public Schools Essay

… A child's normal development can be hindered when the child is bullied -- and that hindrance can carry into adulthood, Horne explains; in fact early childhood bullying can become a "risk factor for adolescents' suicidal behavior" (68). And teachers in elementary school can usually identify a student who will later "…exhibit delinquency and criminal behavior" that is true because elementary school bullies often grow into offenders during their adolescent and young adult years (Horne, 68).

School Violence -- Forms of Bullying

Dorothy Espelage and Susan Swearer edited a book titled Bullying in North American Schools (Second Edition); they define bullying as a "complex phenomenon," deserving of being linked with school violence (Espelage, et al., 2004, 3). Research on bullying indicates that it is a "discriminatory…. [read more]


Media Is an Extremely Powerful Essay

… Bibliography

Croteau, D., & Hoynes, W. (2001). The business of Media. California: Pine Forge Press.

Daily Source Org. (2005-2012). Current problems in Media. Retrieved May 2, 2012, from Daily Source: http://www.dailysource.org/about/problems#.T6FwSavzuSo

Part Two

Media is produced primarily to serve public interest. One can say, the media content, in one way or another, reflects the culture and norms of the country it is produced in. In this globalized world making one's tradition popular is difficult, luckily media has given people the opportunity to show and promote their culture via movies, video games and social networking sites (Croteau & Hoynes, The Business of Media, 2001). But recently this trend has turned the other way round and it is now the media that shapes one's culture. The culture…. [read more]


Media and the Role it Plays in Shaping Society Term Paper

… Young people are most vulnerable to ideas that the media presents, as they are less experienced in filtering information and are thus more likely to be influenced as a consequence of being bombarded with certain concepts.

It is difficult to predict how things will be in the future when concerning the media and the way it will influence the general public. Even with the fact that media devices have progressed in accordance with latest technologies, people now seem to have more power over information they acquire as a result of the internet. Devices such as TV, newspapers, and radio are somewhat limited in the information they provide, but the internet provides users with the ability to only become acquainted with information they want to learn.…. [read more]


Media Influence on Values Deeper Essay

… The greatest concern has been the influence of media on children. Studies have shown that this influence has steadily increased as various types of media have become more sophisticated and available to the American public (Clark, 2011). On the one hand, this availability and greater affordability have been beneficial in enhancing children's learning, educational enrichment, opportunities, participation and entertainment. But on the other hand, media also increased children's exposure to violence, sexual immorality, poor health habits, and persuasive advertising specifically aimed at children (Clark).

Not Almighty

While the power and influence of media cannot be denied, there are other stronger and deeper factors that deflect its influence and power. Foremost are media literacy and parental involvement (Clark, 2011). If a child or student is thoroughly…. [read more]


Media Framing Mosque at Ground Zero Research Paper

… ¶ … media framing in relation to the construction of a mosque at ground zero. We identify the various frames used by various media houses in America and compare and contrast them. We analyze the related literature and the basic concepts involved in media framing. A general overview of the concept of media framing is also provided.

Entman (1993) describes framing as a scattered concept where previous researchers lack clear conceptual meanings and depend on context-based definitions, rather than general applicability. Brosius and Eps (1995) proceeds that framing may not be clear in explication and generally used but can be seen as a metaphor which does not convert directly into research setting.

While different authors agree that there is lack of commonality in the definition…. [read more]


Media Violence and Violent Behavior Thesis

… Media Violence and Violent Behavior

The notion that violent media -- especially violent film, television, and video games -- plays a role in contributing to violent and criminal behavior in children and youths of all ages is an idea that has long been a topic of controversial discourse. Is there a link between media violence and violent or criminal behavior? Huesemann and Moise (1996), authors of "Media violence: Demonstrated public health threat to children," posit that there is absolutely a direct correlation between violent media exposure and violent and/or criminal behavior in children and youths. They make a strong case for their position by using examples from over 100 studies that have taken place over the last 40 years -- all around the globe. America…. [read more]


Violence in Media the Public Essay

… Violence in Media

The public debate over media violence dates back to the 1930s when experts began to question its effects on youth while also considering the manner in which society should address this potential dilemma (Anderson and Gentile, 2007). The meteoric rise of television that began in the 1950s further exacerbated the situation; and a wealth of studies conducted since then by both government and nongovernment organizations confirms there are consequences to viewing disturbing images.

There is no doubt that violence is a constant element in the varied forms of entertainment media. The question is whether exposure to brutality and bloodshed invoke acts of violence on the part of a young viewer; and, if so, should the media be held liable for such. These…. [read more]


Violence in the Media TV Movies and Video Games Research Paper

… Violence in the Media and Children

Violence in media has become a serious problem. Children are heavily exposed to violence in films, TV shows, and video games from their early ages. This heavy exposure to violence may lead to aggressive and violent behavior, encouraging children to see violence as normal. And because of the popularity of violence in media and the fact that children today represent a very lucrative market, the entertainment industry takes advantage of this situation by targeting children for their products that glorify violence. In essence, the producers of violent media content and video games are guilty of child exploitation. To address the problem, the public needs greater regulation of violence in media to protect children.

Violence in Media: Why Greater Regulation…. [read more]


Media Violence on Children's Social Article Review

… In this regard, Garbardino et al. report that, "Children exposed to gun violence may experience negative short- and long-term psychological effects, including anger, withdrawal, posttraumatic stress, and desensitization to violence. All of these outcomes can feed into a continuing cycle of violence" (2002, p. 73).

As with other types of violence in the media, there are some groups of young people who are at distinctly higher risk of experiencing these adverse outcomes, including (a) young people who have already been injured by gunfire, (b) young people who witness gunplay first-hand as well as (c) young people who are exposed to violence in the media (Garbardino et al., 2002). Depending on the level and type of such exposures, Garbardino and his associates conclude that young people…. [read more]


Public Safety vs. Civil Rights Essay

… Although the election of President Barack Obama certainly opened a new era for racial equality, especially for high-ranking officials and business persons, this by no means created a platform for fewer hate crimes in the country (McGill Lawson and Henderson, 2009, p. 7).

Hate crimes occur every day as a result of racism, and prejudice towards minorities and immigrants. These crimes occur because of perceived differences between and hostility regarding races, religions, ethnicity, nationality, gender, gender identity, and sexual orientation. According to McGill Lawson and Henderson (2009, p. 7), statistics mandated by the Hate Crime Statistics Act (HCSA, 1990) show reported hate crimes ranging consistently around 7,500 or higher per year. This means that a hate crime is committed at a rate of nearly once…. [read more]


Media Violence What Impact Term Paper

… All three in the context which they were presented are believable and I agree with them.

Disagreement with two statements: a) "movies were helping shape a race of criminals" (Timmer, 2011) (this is patently absurd); and b) "…the only firm conclusion to be drawn, then, is that it is premature to draw any conclusions" (this is false because obvious conclusions can be and are being drawn vis-a-vis children imitating aggression and learning aggression (Weaver, 2011).

Two ways police, prosecuting attorneys and judges should address this issue: a) law enforcement should collaborate with schools to involve parents in selective strategies for what their children watch; b) children who are aggressive in elementary school (due to video game obsessions) should be given tours of prisons to show…. [read more]


Media and War the Cold Research Paper

… Media and War ( the Cold War )

Shakespeare's play King Lear is a magnitude of desolation, stripping off human character and impregnating its audience with mixed up feelings of sympathy and sorrow. Mother Night by Kurt Vonnegut, although written some centuries after the former, raises some similar questions in regards to human nature and the transformations it is subjected to in certain circumstances. Although one is written a tragedy and the other a novel, both resemble a dramatic scenario that leave the readers taunting and tantalizing on the truthfulness of values and whether or not they do exist.

In King Lear, human feelings are dehumanized by greed and will for power as the king himself eventually realises, once his daughters receive their part of…. [read more]


Violence in Schools: Qualitative Research Essay

… These included "community reactions to media intrusion, pending litigation involving the Board of Education, an Internet threat resulting in another closure of the school, and the shooting deaths of two Columbine students (Hawkins et al. 2004: 198). Responses, as is often the case with qualitative research were 'coded' so they could be compared with the responses of other interviewees. Common codes included cognitive responses, emotional responses, and responses relating to social adjustment (Hawkins et al. 2004: 198).

All of the students were asked about their initial response to the event -- which they recoded as characterized by confusion and terror. None of the parents were in the school during the time of the shooting, but they recalled their experiences upon initially learning about the events…. [read more]


Media Influence on Eating Disorders and Why Thinness Is so Sought Term Paper

… Media and Eating Disorders

Media, both electronic and print, tends to clouds one's judgment of reality. This is what cultivation theorists maintained, propagated and argued for. Even though theorists such as George Gerbner, did not include print media when he expounded his cultivation theory, we cannot deny that in today's world, print media has just as profound an impact on our perceptions as electronic media. Both print and electronic media have been criticized 'for depicting thin woman as ideal' (Holmstrom, 2004) and it is widely believed that these unreal images of women feed a female's insecurities about herself and usually have a damaging impact. In this paper, we study how media contributes to the culture of thinness and the role it plays in mounting cases…. [read more]


Media Injustice Essay

… " (Chiyamwaka, p. 1) Economic interests play a big part in the allegiance of these and all media outlets.

These economic interests also play into a sort of sensationalism that glorifies violence and atrocity. For instance, the media's proclivity in the event of tragedies such as the Boston Marathon bombing has been to extend the fame and visibility of the perpetrator while paying precious little attention to the victim's story. According to Glazer (2013), "it is the media's responsibility to report on stories in a manner that reminds us that the victim really matters, and the accused should be forgotten." (Glazer, p. 1)

As a counterpoint, there are grass-roots efforts at bringing media into a more democratic space through the use of independent social media.…. [read more]


Media Bias in the International Media People Thesis

… Media Bias

Bias in the International Media

People all over the world depend on news agencies to find out what is happening in the world around them. Humans are curious by nature and like to know what others are doing. They depend on news agencies to provide them with the information that they seek. They expect that information to be true and as honest as possible. Standards dictate that good journalism presents both sides of a story and digs for the roots of the situation. It does not favor one side or the other and presents the facts in a fair manner. However, the question asked of every reader is if these goals are achieved.

The following will look at two of the most well…. [read more]


Media in "The Cultural Logic Term Paper

… Media

In "The Cultural Logic of Media Convergence," Jenkins describes the two "seemingly contradictory" trends in American media (33). Those two trends include new media democratization and consumer empowerment on the one hand, and corporate conglomeration of mainstream media on the other. Another way of framing the dichotomous trend is in reference to excess fragmentation vs. excess homogenization. Jenkins also points out that convergence is not an "endpoint" but a process that reflects how consumers interact with technology, with information, and with each other. The convergence of media is dependent on and akin to a convergence of technology, in which one device serves a multitude of functions. The smartphone is the quintessential example of the converged media device. In some ways, media convergence signals the…. [read more]


Media on the U.S. Society Research Paper

… A person's looks may mean nothing if the morals, values and beliefs of that person are not intact or if the person is a failure at leading life to benefit others and be sincere in what he or she does.

In the same way, the TV shows are promoting a culture which surrounds the freedom of these younger generations, giving them the power to do what they want and not be questioned for any of their actions. This reckless kind of life is increasingly becoming the subject of the TV commercials, serials and movies and this creates an urge in the young generations especially the teenagers to go ahead leading an adventurous life where everything seems like a mystery to them and they fail to…. [read more]


Women and Violence Feminism Essay

… Violence Women

Violence Against Women: Its Portrayal in Newspaper Media

The problem of violence against women is both pervasive and historically omnipresent. Though its definition has often been subject to extreme variation, sociological exploitation of women, domestic abuse and sexual assault have nonetheless shown themselves be a real and self-perpetuating conditions in the Canadian family and community. Domestic violence is usually a term used to describe physical assault or sexual assault levied by a family member, romantic partner, caretaker or acquaintance against such a relation. This typically is a crime which is committed against women or children, most often by husbands or fathers respectively. That is less exclusive than conditional upon commonality however, as domestic violence may also describe such violence against men. In spite…. [read more]


Power of the Media Few Term Paper

… While the media serves to educate and inform the public, it also seeks to make a profit. In recent years, several of the most highly rated movies, television shows, and video games have been excessively violent, i.e. "Jackass," "WWF Smackdown," etc. By continuing to advertise and show these movies, television shows, and video games, the media arguably condones and promotes violence and sexual behavior, both explicitly (by showing the violent and sexually explicit shows) and implicitly (by continuing to air shows that are highly sexual and violent).

While the media arguably condones and promotes violence and sexual behavior, it also curbs (or attempts to) violence in many ways. First, the media has continued to issue and abide by "parental warnings" for movies, music, video games,…. [read more]


Role of Media in Reporting Essay

… The media has attempted to lessen the terrorist effectiveness through consistently longer coverage of counterterrorism measures than the coverage of terrorist acts (Walsh, 2010). Actually, the media has continued to devote more resources to providing information demonstrating government positions and actions instead of providing information on more detailed aspects of a specific attack.

While 9/11 attacks act as an incident where the media served as a force multiplier, it is also an incident that the media acted as a platform for minimizing terrorist effectiveness. The media not only highlighted the vulnerability of the United States to terror attacks but also used the incident to show counterterrorism measures that were adopted by the government in the aftermath of the violence. Generally, through 9/11 attacks the media…. [read more]


Media Review Project the 1993 Movie Review

… Oftentimes this point may be difficult for the abuse victim to grasp. However, it will be increasingly difficult for victims to break this cycle for physical and verbal abuse without realizing the validity of the aforementioned statement and how it applies to their particular situation.

Another fairly effective aspect of counseling or treatment for domestic abuse survivors is to help them improve their basic skills regarding decision-making (Center, 1997). Improving these skills is integral to women ensuring that they are not the victim of similar assaults in the future, and helps them to realize how their were specific choices which they made in the past that contributed to their becoming a victim of domestic abuse. Decision-making skills can be as basic as deciding a course…. [read more]

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