Viewing papers 1-30 of 49 for violence AND prevention AND curriculum AND for AND middle AND school AND children

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Violence in Public Schools Essay

… A child's normal development can be hindered when the child is bullied -- and that hindrance can carry into adulthood, Horne explains; in fact early childhood bullying can become a "risk factor for adolescents' suicidal behavior" (68). And teachers in elementary school can usually identify a student who will later "…exhibit delinquency and criminal behavior" that is true because elementary school bullies often grow into offenders during their adolescent and young adult years (Horne, 68).

School Violence -- Forms of Bullying

Dorothy Espelage and Susan Swearer edited a book titled Bullying in North American Schools (Second Edition); they define bullying as a "complex phenomenon," deserving of being linked with school violence (Espelage, et al., 2004, 3). Research on bullying indicates that it is a "discriminatory…. [read more]

Are School-Based Anti-Bullying Programs Decreasing the Rate of Victimization? Thesis

… School-Based Bullying

Prevention Programs

The problem regarding how schools may best make their environments physically and emotionally safe leads to the question: Does a school-based program decrease victimization? This leading question guiding the literature review addresses a critical concern challenging school officials and others interested in helping to ensure the safety and emotional well-being of youth. Determining what works best to confront violence and students being victimized, are interventions that help the child become stronger within himself. The program Olweus developed, which a number of school officials base their school-wide anti-bullying programs, on depicts an excellent example of one effective approach to counter bullying, victimization and violence.

During the study's literature review which examines the primary research question: Does a school-based program decrease victimization?, the…. [read more]

Bullying and Strategies for Prevention Nearly 30 Research Paper

… Bullying and Strategies for Prevention

Nearly 30% or approximately 5.7 million, of United States teenagers are estimated to have been involved in an incident of school related bullying either as the target, the bully or both. A recent national survey of students in grades 6 through ten reveal that nearly 13% of students reported bullying other children, 11% reported being victimized by bullies and an additional 6% indicated that they have been both the perpetrator and victim of bullying (Nansel, Overpeck, Pilla, Ruan, Simons-Morton, & Scheidt, 2001). Estimates indicate that once every seven seconds, a child is the victim of bullying in a United States school. 9% of all males and 7% of all females' ages 12-18, according to a study completed in 2001

reported…. [read more]

Violence Prevention Curriculum for Middle School Children Term Paper

… Violence

Middle School Violence Prevention

According to study by Lockwood (1997) rates of violence in the adolescent population has increased by 16% over the last few years. Students who engage in violent acts are not necessarily cognizant of the potential harm of their actions. These student perpetrators and their victims will still suffer consequences of the action. Violent acts can range from simple assault, fights on school property, and even homicide. A study of violence in this population is necessary not only because the increasing frequency of the events in middle schools, but the identification of dynamics associated with events; relationships, the intervention of third parties, and anticipation of outcome.

Most violence prevention programs are targeted at the middle school students. Some studies have focused…. [read more]

School Uniforms for Students Term Paper

… As part of a general safety program, many school districts are considering implementing uniform policies.

The purpose to this study is to prove that wearing school uniforms has a positive effect on student behavior and/or school violence in United States schools. In this paper's review of literature, issues explored include a rationale for policy adoption, legal implications of uniform policies; and the perceptions of parents, students, educators, and those opposing uniform policies. In conclusion, recommendations on successful policy formation will be issued in the Results section.

D. Procedures

It is hypothesized that behavior in schools which require their students to wear uniforms will be better than those schools which do not with respect to discipline and behavior.

This study will use existing empirical research. The…. [read more]

School Clinics Affects on Students School-Based Health Literature Review

… School Clinics Affects on Students

School-Based Health Clinics

Do School-based Health Clinics Improve the Academics and Health Outcomes of School Children? What's the Evidence?

Do School-based Health Clinics Improve the Academics and Health Outcomes of School Children? What's the Evidence?

Who would have guessed school-based health clinics (SBHC) date back to 1837? A royal ordinance from the French government required schools to be responsible for students' health and for the maintenance of sanitary regulation. In 1892, Americans finally decided to try public health nursing in New York's East Side, which evolved into the Henry Street Settlement and the beginning of medical care in the school setting. According to the National Assembly on School-Based Health Care (NASBHC) 2007-2008 census, one hundred percent of SBHCs have some…. [read more]

Childhood Obesity Term Paper

… As is widely known, in the state of California the largest ethnic minority is Hispanic, and mostly Mexican-American. It is for this reason that the particular population of Hispanic-American youth in the San Francisco School District will be the focus of this work. "Hispanics now account for one in three of the state's population, due largely to an increase in Hispanic births that is exceeding the Hispanic death rate.' (Primedia, 2004, "Shifting Sands" website (

The population of the greater San Francisco Unified School District, though it includes many other racial minorities, has an overall representation of 21.4% latino students with an even higher concentration found in grades one through six. (SFUSD web site: ( This demographic demonstrates both an obstacle and an opportunity for…. [read more]

School-Based Mental Health Program on Emotional Intelligence Research Proposal

… ¶ … school-based mental health program on emotional intelligence, social behaviors, psychopathology and academic performance of inner- city [at -risk / African-American] adolescents

The need for school-based mental health programs in inner-city schools.

The issue of the need for school-based mental health programs in schools, and particularly in inner-city schools, is an issue that has raised a wide range of views, research and opinions. There are many variables to consider in this context, such as race and ethnicity as well as social environment and a host of other concomitant aspects. As a study by Nabors, Reynolds and Weist, (2000) in this area states;

Expanded school mental health (ESMH) programs, involving the provision of comprehensive mental health services for youth in special and regular education, are…. [read more]

Letter to Editor Thesis

… Letter to Editor

As someone who has watched teenage friends make poor family planning choices due to misinformation, I applaud The Dallas News for the recent editorial "Sex Education Without Guesswork." Sex education is important for two main reasons: to help teenagers protect themselves against sexually transmitted diseases and to help prevent teen pregnancy. Abstinence is a great choice for some, and whenever possible abstinence is an ideal way to prevent both unwanted pregnancy and STD. However, teaching abstinence does not preclude educators from also teaching about safe sex and contraception. In fact, educators have an obligation to their students to teach the facts about their own bodies. Education is worthless if facts are doled out selectively, or not at all.

Adolescents are deemed mature…. [read more]

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Special Education Case Study

… The alcohol essentially malforms brain cells and/or hinders the full development. FAS is one of the leading causes of retardation in western societies:

Mental retardation is a cardinal feature of FAS and is now recognized as the leading known cause of mental retardation in the Western world. Conservatively estimated for the United States, the economic cost associated with FAS-related growth retardation, surgical repair of organic anomalies (e.g. cleft palate, Tetralogy of Fallot), treatment of sensorineural problems, and mental retardation, is $321 million per year. FAS-related mental retardation alone may account for as much as 11% of the annual cost for all mentally retarded institutionalized residents in the United States. Current treatment costs for FAS-related problems are about 100 times federal funding for FAS research necessary…. [read more]

Patterns of Physical Activity Research Paper

… The reason for this most likely a result of greater socialization towards sports in males vs. females and differential developmental factors. In addition, elementary school physical education curricula that implemented more vigorous activities were shown to result in greater beneficial attitudes towards exercise in all children as well as an obvious increase in their physical activity levels (Luepker, Perry, McKinlay, et al., 1996). Thus, positive early exposure to exercise fosters continued physical activity in childhood and adulthood.

There have been a number of studies investigating the personal and social variables that are associated with levels of childhood exercise. Van Der Horst et al. (2007) reviewed all the published literature between January of 1999 and January of 2005 and using strict criteria found a number of…. [read more]

School Culture on School Safety Term Paper

… According to the National School Safety Center (1995) creating safe schools is about commitment. That does not mean only commitment from the principal, or from the teachers, or from the students. Accomplishing such a goal requires families, schools, and community leaders to talk about the quality of the educational environment they want to provide for youth and together develop the strategies that will produce the desired results.

This type of cohesive commitment is the only real way that schools can be made safer, as one person cannot do it alone, and communities must express the desire to make schools safer and therefore give the students a better school life and more hope for the future. The Center also suggests that achieving these goals requires leaders…. [read more]

Anger Management for Students in Schools Tom Term Paper

… Anger Management for Students in Schools

Tom Mashberg writes about teens who meet once a week in Boston MA to address the explosive anger they have inside them in his newspaper article: "Breaking chains of anger challenges teens in therapy." (Mashberg, 2000, ¶ 1) Jesska, 13, carries Bic lighters with her and burns herself, along with other things. She was arrested and ordered to attend anger management classes, after she threatened to burn down her school. (Mashberg, 2000, ¶ 2) Masheberg relates several other teens anger-related stories, including the one about George, 13, who knifed another kid who insulted him. Stephen, 16, assaulted his father and brothers and said he could not take it any more... all the constant arguing and screaming in his house.…. [read more]

Schools and At-Risk Students Continuation Classes Term Paper

… ¶ … Schools & at-Risk Students

Continuation Classes for at-Risk Students

Many students at the high school level today find it a struggle to perform well in the traditional classroom setting. For various and diverse reasons, the traditional school structure does not work well for certain students - some who are at-risk, others who have going foul of the law or have become involved with substance abuse issues, and still others who are plainly ill-suited by nature to conventional structure. In search of a remedy for that situation, school districts across the United States have over the past few decades established "continuation" or "alternative" educational settings. Often these settings provide an independent study format - with support and guidance by qualified teachers and staff -…. [read more]

Teen Pregnancy and Parenting on the Educational Research Proposal

… ¶ … teen pregnancy and parenting on the educational advancement of a girl child in Buea-Cameroon

In the past 3 decades, there has been an ever increasing interest in the link between lower educational advancements of teenage mothers and adolescents who get pregnant. Numerous studies have confirmed that higher levels of teenage pregnancy are directly linked to higher levels of educational abandonment (Albert, B., Sarah and Christine, 2003; Singh and Darroch, 2000; Federal/Provincial/Territorial Advisory Committee on Population Health, 1999; Galambos and Tilton-Weaver, 1998). This level of consistency has led many researchers to believe that there is a definite and interdependent relation between the two amongst the youth (The Alan Guttmacher Institute, 2000; 1999a, 1999b, 1999c; The Real Costs of Teen Pregnancy, 2006; Social Exclusion Unit,…. [read more]

Requiring School Uniforms Is a Violation of the First Amendment Thesis

… School Uniforms

The legal debate over school uniforms hinges on First Amendment rights guaranteeing freedom of expression. Clothing is a form of personal expression and often includes emblems of cultural or religious pride. Therefore, clothing can be considered a significant part of a child's identity development. A review of literature reveals a broad-based attack on the constitutionality of school dress codes. Prior to recent legal challenges, the Department of Education had lauded the role of school uniforms in promoting discipline and reducing violence on campuses, in its Manual on School Uniforms. Although some evidence may have suggested that school uniforms can play a role in creating safer schools, legal analysts almost universally decry restrictions on dress codes. Middle-ground policies take into account the rights of…. [read more]

African-American Parenting Styles According to Social Class Annotated Bibliography

… African-American Parents

Annotated Bibliography

Abar, B., K.L. Carter, and a. Winsler. "The effects of maternal parenting style and religious commitment on self-regulation, academic achievement, and risk behavior among African-American parochial college students*." Journal of Adolescence. 32. (2009): 259-273.

In the Journal of Adolescence, the purpose of the study explored the relationships between religiosity, maternal parenting style, student academic self-discipline and risk behaviors among African-American youth attending a parochial college (Abar, Carter, and Winsler, 259). The research question of the study was how African-American youth who have had parenting from social classes above the poverty level and focus on the parenting and other skills had contributed to student success or failure that were influenced by religiosity and middle to upper class social status (there are possibly…. [read more]

Improving the High School Dropout Rate in Bermuda Thesis

… Reduction of the High School Dropout Rate in Bermuda

The value of a high school education over the course of an individual's lifetime has been well documented, but many high school students continue to drop out of school prior to graduation for various reasons. Of the $798 million that taxpayers paid last year to keep the wheels of Government in motion, $132 million or 16%, went towards public education. Among government ministries, education was the second biggest spender. Despite this and the millions of dollars already spent on the construction of Bermuda's two public high schools, CedarBridge Academy and the Berkeley Institute, public confidence in the Government school system remains low. The purpose of this thesis is to make the readers aware of this issue…. [read more]

Arise Gang Prevention Program Thesis

… ¶ … Gang Prevention Program

"Gangs contain bright boys who do well, bright boys who do less well, and dull boys who pass, dull boys who fail, and illiterates"

(Garabedian & . Gibbons, 2005, p. 26).

In regard to gangs, one never knows what may happen. In the article, "Gang grief: violence wounds teens and communities," Melissa Klein (2009) reports that Chantelle S., a 15-year-old from New York City relates that at times, students become fearful of what may happen when fights break out between rival groups in her high school. These fight lead to lockdowns with increased security in the school. Chantelle said: "It's kind of scary because you never know what can happen" (Chantelle, as cited in Klein, ¶ 1). During this paper,…. [read more]

Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete Dissertation

… ¶ … Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete High School

Richard Wieringo

This case study explores the experiences of students with disabilities who have dropped out of high school, so as to identify related factors that led to their decisions. Participants will include both males and females who were designated as students with disabilities at Ridgeville High School (pseudonym for a Virginia high school) and who dropped out between their third and fourth years of high school, during the 2009 to 2012 academic school years. All participants will be between the ages of 18 and 21. The proposed research design is a phenomenological study to be conducted through the use of semi-structured interviews, journaling, and observation of the sample population, with the aim of…. [read more]

Parenting Program for Women in Drug Treatment Thesis

… Parenting Program for Women and Children in Residential Treatment

Addiction is something that has been around for many years, and there have been increasingly new ways of treating it that have been created over the course of much research and study. There are many different forms that addiction takes, and there are many different drugs and substances that someone can become addicted to, even if they are not of the age that most people would think of when they picture people that would start down that particular road. Most individuals think of addicts as primarily young, minority men in their 20s and 30s that rob, steal, and cause other problems in order to get their drugs or alcohol. However, there are also…. [read more]

Relationship Between Positive Behavior Support Programs and High School Student Achievement Literature Review

… ¶ … Extra Page; for Pagination Purposes Only

A Literature Review Examining the Relationship between

Positive Behavioral Support and Student Achievement

Positive Behavior Facilitation (Kaffar, 2010) and A Blueprint for Schoolwide Positive Behavior Support: Implementation of Three Components (Edmonson, Wickham, Griggs, Sailor, & Freeman, 2002)

Positive Behavior Support: Evolution of an Applied Science (Carr, 2002)

Academic Achievement and the Implementation of Positive Behavior Support (Danielson, 2002).

Areas of Research Reviewed

Positive Behavior Support to Remedy Problem Behaviors

Positive Behavior Support's Creation of an Environment Conducive for Student/Academic Achievement.

Positive Behavior Support: How to Design and Implement on an Individual Basis

Positive Behavior Support: Utility of Implementation of PBS on a School-wide Basis

Positive Behavior Support to Remedy Problem Behaviors

A. "No, I Won't!" Understanding and…. [read more]

Safety and Security Plan Term Paper

… School Safety and Security Plans

Improving Safety and Security in America's Schools

Scarcely a month goes by in the United States today without a headline reporting the latest school shootings. In response to the unfortunate circumstances of September 11, 2001 and the tragedies that have occurred on school campuses throughout our country, schools, private corporations and government agencies have all taken a pro-active stand on developing safety and security plans to protect their employees, visitors, students and others. The purpose of this study is to provide a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning safety and security plans in order to determine what is needed and desirable in such plans so as to identify deficiencies or opportunities for improvement in a specific school…. [read more]

Dealt Term Paper

… The form of suppression is the extensively used plan. It sprouted in the 1970s and 1980s and is still overruling nowadays. Under this aspect, gang members are apprehended, punished, and are in reception of long-term jail, and policy makers in the criminal justice assume the most active part. The "enhancement of organization" plan is also prevalently applied. (Spergel, p.186). This plan is comprehensive of structural moldings within current organizations to associate particularly with gangs and their actions. The enhancement can recur in either community outlays or criminal justice outlays, with most recurring inside criminal justice outlays. The legal replies to gangs have recurred in all varieties of law, comprehensive of criminal law, criminal procedure, civil rights, constitutional law, housing law and law of proof. Researchers…. [read more]

Community Prevention Drug Use Among High School Thesis

… Community Prevention

Drug use among high school athletes is often a problem in relation to the pressure to perform while also coping with other factors such as peer group, home life, and school work. The temptation to use steroids or other performance-enhancing drugs therefore increases concomitantly with pressures from the social and private lives of the athletes. In order to help curb this problem, I would therefore propose a community prevention program that focuses on preventing drug use in high school athletes in Boise High School, Idaho.


Risk factors include: a difficult home life, where there is for example constant discord between parents, or between the parents and children; parents and family members who use drugs; friends who use drugs; and the availability of…. [read more]

Looping on At-Risk Children Absract Term Paper

… The end of the school year is not characterized as the ending of a class, but instead as the beginning of a longer break.

Among the most frequently mentioned benefits of looping are: the relationships that develop; the use of time; the possibility of increased academic achievement; the development of a cohesive curriculum; and the stability offered by looping.

At the heart of a successful looping classroom are the continuity of relationships and the learning environment" (Forsten et al., 1997, p. 13). Teachers with experience in looping say that an extended period with children allows for more bonding opportunities than the regular classroom.

Speaking as a looping teacher, Liu (1997) stresses the importance of the relationships between teachers and students as being crucial to students'…. [read more]

Decisions by School Superintendents Improper Term Paper

… Members of the faculty are also exhorted to recognize that students are individuals and are entitled to an atmosphere conducive to learning and to even-handed treatment in all respects of the teacher-student relationship.

Improper Attitude and Unprofessional Conduct

It is no use to preach to children if you do not act decently yourself - Theodore Roosevelt in a speech to Holy Name Society, Oyster Bay, August 16, 1903.

Most educational institutions develop a set of rules governing teacher behavior that reflect the district policy. They summarily ban the obvious: harassment and sexual contact with students.

Improper attitude or unprofessional conduct. Conduct that bases a person's employment, enrollment as a student, or participation in scholastic activities on that person's age, color, disability, sex, national or ethnic…. [read more]

Multiple Study Analysis - School Bullying Thesis

… Multiple Study Analysis - School Bullying


Volumes of prior research have conclusively documented the damaging effects of school bullying on its victims. In addition to suffering lasting emotional harm, children victimized by bullying perform worse academically and are at an increased risk of dropping out of high school before graduation (Wessler & De Andrade, 2006). The study of bullying in schools involves several different issues, such as the characteristic scenarios in which it occurs, the nature of victims and victimizers, strategies for addressing the problem, relative awareness of the problem among teachers of different levels of professional experience as educators, and the different types and degrees of harm associated with different forms of bullying behaviors.

Introduction to the…. [read more]

Violence in Schools Term Paper

… You are
reminded that the materials provided to you are for educational purposes
only. However, the duplicationcopying of the materials for credit at an
educational institution is strictly prohibited.
Inc., is not in any way responsible for your use of the research materials
drafted by the author.
contractors who are solely responsible for the research, editing and final
draft of the materials which you have purchased. You have agreed to use
the research materials at your own risk and that you will not plagiarize
the materials. You are further reminded that
Inc., retains all rights to the research materials purchased by you and
materials in the future, for profit. Since the materials provided to you
may be based on numerous sources, it is strongly…. [read more]

Group Counseling as an Alternative for the Prevention of Academic Failure Among Middle School Students Thesis

… ¶ … Justification for the Research

Page 8 Chapter Two / Historical Background of Counseling

Page 9 Historical Background of Group Counseling

Page 11 ASCA Description of Counselor's Duties

Page 12 Review of Literature / Role of Parents & Counselors

Page 15 Group Counseling -- Positive Results

Page 18 Group Counseling -- Students Motivated to Succeed

Page 19 Service Learning -- Helping Others

Page 21 Counselors Kick-Starting Girls' Interest in Math

Page 22 Counselors & Student Successes

Page 24 Dynamics of Leadership

Page 30 Survival Guide for Middle School Counselors

Page 33 Humanizing the Process for Adolescents

Page 36 Chapter Two Conclusion

Page 37 Chapter Three Methodology

Page 37 Chapter Four Discussion and Conclusions

Page 38 Conclusion -- Florida Dropout Issues

Page 40 Discussion

Page…. [read more]

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