Viewing papers 1-29 of 29 for wages AND of AND whiteness

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Wages of Whiteness by David R. Roediger Term Paper

… ¶ … Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class by David R. Roediger. Specifically it will contain an analysis of the book, including central issues and thesis of the author. Roediger's book is basically a history of racism in the United States, beginning with colonial racism and working its way up to the present. The author's thesis that racism of a "sense of whiteness" developed "hand in hand" with the development of the working class in the country (Roediger 8). However, the author attempts to place race in a larger perspective than just class, but rather to the larger issues of race, class, and racism in society, and how society manages those issues. Thus, the author explores the conceptual categories…. [read more]

Wages of Whiteness Research Proposal

… ¶ … Wages of Whiteness, David Roediger analyzes the growth of a white identity among American laborers from the time of the Revolution through the modern era. He accounts for the growth of a tendency towards racism among white immigrants who entered the workforce in the U.S., which eventually developed into a leading force in the labor movement, by analyzing the psychology and cultures of those laborers. In doing so, he shows how these laborers' acceptance of the universal nature of working class brotherhood was complicated by their own individual and group needs to feel special in their own rights, and argues that their ultimate settling on issues of race was an attempt to gain such differentiation.

In this report, Roediger's primary arguments will be…. [read more]

Wages of Whiteness Term Paper

… Wages of Whiteness Roediger

In the Wages of Whiteness, the author, Roediger, explores the relationship between the growth of America's working classes and the social construction of prejudice behaviors or racism (Roediger, 2007). The author structures the book chronologically, looking historically at the history of racism and working classes within the United States. The primary premise behind the work is that white workers throughout history demanded or pushed for higher wages than their minority or African-American counterparts. In this tale, minorities are depicted as objects many have formerly classified on the basis of color alone. Also demonstrated is accepting the knowledge that whiteness, associated with Caucasian-Americans, is something that is becoming obsolete in light of vast migrations of citizens from other nations intermingling with and…. [read more]

Working Class Race Term Paper

… Working Class Race

The correlation between Eastern European late coming immigrants of the late 19th and early 20th century and that of newly freed blacks during reconstruction is frequently made by social scientists and others. Many conclude that the treatment of newly freed blacks and especially Irish immigrants was similar, as they were both seen as unending sources of low wage labor to fuel the industrial revolution in the new United States. It is for this reason that a comparison and contrast is appropriate for historical proposes between books that discuss each of the two cultures, as they were subjugated and disenfranchised from social and official rights and opportunities. In the work How the Irish Became White, Ignatiev discusses the issue of the grey areas…. [read more]

Jim Crow Michelle Alexander Book Report

… ¶ … Jim Crow

Michelle Alexander, the New Jim Crow

What's your gut reaction to this reading?

I was impressed by the support that Alexander was able to collect in proving that African-Americans are still given second-class status. I have heard this claim many times before but never actually saw convincing textual evidence, merely stories and platitudes. Alexander presents the legal regulations in the context of the American economy and the history of labor relations, which helps me understand the powerful interests in favor of this situation.

) Explain at least three things the planter elite class did after Bacon's Rebellion to ensure that white indentured servants/poor and Black slaves would be divided?

The Planter class extended to poor whites greater access to Native American…. [read more]

Obama N. Racism Term Paper

… By acting together, we can overcome the obstacles that for too long have prevented real change on the critical issues that Americans face day in and day out. Now is the time to leave behind the status quo and build support for real solutions to ensure that President Obama succeeds in fulfilling the promise of change." (Organizing For America) But something else stood out in some of those campaign speeches and photo ops.

Barak Obama often said one thing during the Joe the Plumber events that those who understand Marx, even if they never become socialists or communists, may feel is relevant to the question of racism after a new administration. The point is that President Obama often said that people like 'John and I,'…. [read more]

Employee Rights and Sweatshops Term Paper

… Low-Income Workers- Victims of Growing Prosperity in the Country

If you had always believed, like millions of victims out there, that America is a great democracy, I strongly suggest you read Barbara Ehrenreich's book 'Nickel and Dimed' subtitled On (not) Getting by in America. Ehrenreich's makes a convincing case against America's self-proclaimed democratic status when it calls the country a "dictatorship" where low-wage workers "dwell in a place that is neither free nor in any way democratic"(Ehrenreich, 173).

Nickel and Dimed puts forth some moving experiences that the author went through while working as a Wal-Mart worker under cover. The most striking point she makes is with regard to prosperity and its role in increasing poverty when she says, "the stronger the economy, the strong…. [read more]

Illegal Immigrants in the U.S Term Paper

… ¶ … illegal immigrants in the U.S. And the possibility of legalizing their status. The article shows: how illegal immigration is currently being dealt with, the views of people on the issue and the flexibility being exhibited by the government. The author makes it clear that while illegal immigration has always been a problem for the country and most people feel country must be protected against such immigration, still illegal entrance into the U.S. should not be criminalized. Very few, if any, percentage of people interviewed supported felony status, the rest felt that while it was not correct to let illegal immigration prosper, there was also no particular need for categorized it as a crime or serious offence.

Illegal immigration is a problem, which the…. [read more]

America John Debrizzi's Book, America, Tells Term Paper

… America

John Debrizzi's book, America, tells the story of America Huerta, the daughter of Mexican immigrants and her influence upon Moses Shabalala, the first African-American President of the United States. In America, color and class is examined and the reader is left thinking about how the color of a person's skin and their work is almost always related. The issue of immigration today is inextricably woven into the picture Debrizzi creates in his novel.

Whiteness is something that gives those of that skin color a sort of advantage in society when it comes to their work. It is, in a sense, a cultural currency. We are left thinking about the fact that workers serve as part of a capitalist labor system because they provide labor…. [read more]

Brazilian Ethnic Issues the Racial Research Paper

… Under sociologist Jon Cruz's theory of "ethnosympathy," whites and folks of color in both Brazil and the U.S. would develop "a greater level of identification with and appreciation of each other's experiences" (Daniel, 297).

Brazil and Whiteness

In Elisa Nascimento's book The Sorcery of Color: Identity, Race, and Gender in Brazil, the author goes into great detail to explain to readers that "being a light-skinned person of mixed race is almost equivalent to being white" (Nascimento, 2007, p. 42). That's Nascimento's version of the sorcery of color, and she is quick to point out that in the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), the institution that takes the Brazilian Census, there are two categories for black citizens -- preta (dark skin) and parda (brown…. [read more]

Slave Girl FDA Incidents Term Paper

… Human Resource departments all over the country have attempted to address the problems of racial discrimination in regard to promotion with their cure all diversity training initiatives that are geared to make employees aware of racial discrimination issues.

Ironically, the statistics coming out of corporate America clearly show that general racial discrimination claims filed by minorities have been steadily dropping over the course of the past few decades. However, statistics from the same time period also show that the number of specifically associated claims for racial discrimination in regard to promotion is growing steadily. "This social dynamic results in events being in chaos, with those excluded lacking information about correct means and channels unless they make extraordinary efforts to overcome these barriers. The logic of…. [read more]

Racial Ideology of Latinas as Evidenced in Discourse Analysis Literature Review

… Racial ideology of Latinas / Lit. review

Racial Ideology of Latinas in Discourse Analysis

Racial Ideology of Latinas

Latina Discourse -- Fiction and Non-Fiction

In her book Borderlands: The New Mestiza (1999), author Gloria Anzaldua, a self-proclaimed "borderland Chicana," writes about her experiences living on the border between Texas and Mexico. She describes the experience as being challenging and frustrating because of the conflict of the borderland. She refers to this way of living as being a "marginal person," existing in a perpetual state of transition and ambivalence. She expresses the frustration of what it is like to have the steady influence of different cultures while lacking the ability or the security to claim one of those cultures for herself. She infuses her expression with…. [read more]

Race Critical Theories Term Paper

… Race Critical Theories

Book Response: Chapters 1-7

Buck, Pem Davidson. Worked to the Bone: Race, Class, Power, & Privilege in Kentucky.

New York: Monthly Review Press, 2001.

Worked to the Bone by Pem Davidson Buck is subtitled Race, Class, Power, & Privilege in Kentucky and this neatly sums up the focus of her work. Buck, by training an anthropologist, embarks upon a critical examination of the construction of social and economic privilege in Kentucky in racial terms. Buck resides and works in the two counties she studies, thus she provides a personal and intimate as well as a scholarly overview of what she calls the false lie of 'trickle up' economics in the region. Instead, Kentucky is a world where the rich get richer and…. [read more]

1960s Movements Term Paper

… American History

The Greatest Change since 1945 -- Civil Rights

During the 1950s, the NAACP had to fight for the right of African-American children to go to the same public schools as white children in the South (252). It was considered a radical statement for Martin Luther King Jr. To proclaim the equality of all American citizens, and to envision a future where Black and White children would be able to join hands and sing of brother and sisterhood (256). King gave his "I Have a Dream" speech before the Lincoln Memorial, a telling image of how the Civil War's promise to African-Americans of equality and justice had yet to be realized. Even the radical Black Muslim leader Malcolm X idealized the image of Whiteness…. [read more]

Jim Crow System Term Paper

… ¶ … Neurological Assessment

Jim Crow in Texas

Poor Whites," Blacks, & Mexican Immigrant Laborers

It has been claimed that Roosevelt's "New Deal" was an act of genus that saved many desperate individuals during the depression through the passing of his Roosevelt's "New Deal Agriculture Adjustment Act." Neil Foley argues that the system of farming in Central Texas, in economic terms, gave birth to a societal hierarchy established on elements of race.

Foley claimed that the thought of "whiteness" was that which was determinant of social interactions and relations among farm owner as to their status. White farmers, or poor whites as they became, believed in the possibilities held in "working their way up" from the position of sharecropper to landowner gradually had to squarely…. [read more]

Disparities in Socioeconomic Outcomes of Wealth Term Paper

… Disparities in Socioeconomic Outcomes of Wealth and Social Policies and Other Solutions Aimed at Black/White Wealth Inequality

Differences in the patterns of savings, wealth accumulation, home ownership, and other disparities between races have been demonstrated to exist in previous studies. This work examines these studies and the social policies or solutions that have been historically focused on the inequality of wealth between black and white individuals and families.

The purpose of this study is to examine the differences in the savings patterns, wealth accumulation, home ownership and other disparities, which exist between the black and white races of individuals.

The significance of this study is the additional knowledge that will be contributed to the knowledge already existing in this area of study and the recommendations…. [read more]

Drawing the Global Color Line Reaction Paper

… ¶ … Global Color Line is a book that is a groundbreaking description of the international making of whiteness in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. I think it is a work extraordinary both for its global extensiveness and for its sensitivity to local individuality, it is a model for the new global history. The authors, Marilyn Lake and Henry Reynolds skillfully and creatively rebuild how leading European specialists and policymakers in Australia, South Africa, the United States, and Great Britain disputed requests for cultural correspondence and mutually conceived new doctrines of racial superiority to justify the conservation and, in some situations, the reinvigoration of white advantage in all parts of the world that England either constrained or in which it had once set…. [read more]

Barack Obama and the Deracialization Theory Thesis

… Barack Obama and the Deracialization Theory

The history of the United States has marked some of the most interesting and at the same time challenging events of the democratic process. It saw the breakup from an empire, a war of independence from what would eventually be considered a colonial system and a world order. It faced civil war which took the lives of thousands, ending in an attempt to reconstruct an entire country on the precepts of the Reconstruction Era in the 19th century. Most importantly however, the United States has been the scene of the emergence of civil rights as a doctrine and as a practice. The right of the individual to be a free man, in search of a good and happy life…. [read more]

Stock Leader Term Paper

… In fact, the research cited here finds relatively few women and minorities in the positions most likely to lead to the top -- the "pipeline." The critical career path for senior management positions requires taking on responsibilities most directly related to the corporate bottom line." ( Future promotions to the next job level through regular promotions are difficult to attain.

This issue has become a major concern that Human Resource professionals will have to address more and more often as globalization demands a more diverse labor force. The NAACP and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) each point out that blacks and other minorities who have been properly educated and are properly qualified are having less difficulty finding well paying white collar positions, but they…. [read more]

George Washington Gomez Author Americo Paredes Term Paper

… George Washington Gomez

Book Critique: George Washington Gomez

Crossing the Delaware of the Rio Grande -- Revolt, Revolution, and self-hatred in the 1930's Mexican-American community of Texas good life is a life lived honestly, without being torn apart by self-hatred or false racial, class, and gendered ideals. A good society dedicates itself to the pursuit of freedom, and if necessary, to positive forms of revolution. A good society fosters communal ideals such as progressivism and tolerance and unity, rather than racial bigotry and class divisions. In other words, a good society and a good soul are dedicated to the eradication of borders, rather than the creation of borders.

However, in the novel George Washington Gomez the borders of both nations, Anglo and Mexican, within Great…. [read more]

Life Chances Term Paper

… Life Chances: Class and race in a Classless Society chose Maine, said masquerading reporter-as-a-low-wage worker, the social scientist Barbara Ehrenreich, "for its whiteness." (Ehrenreich, p.51) Writing in her text Nickel and Dimed, the author makes one of her starkest references to race in this book subtitled on Not Getting by in America in the book's second section entitled "Scrubbing in Maine." She portrays a virtually all-white world where class and occupation still create divides between peoples. Ehrenreich describes herself ostracized when shopping after work, based on her appearance alone in a maid's costume. However, she actively sought out such a white community came from her experiences in Florida as a waitress, where she often found herself "at the wrong end of some infallible ethnic equation;…. [read more]

Primary Sources Term Paper

… Manza differentiates from the other authors in that he also looks at the reforms the New Deal introduced in the context of globalization and America's attempt to combat it with other nations of the world. For example he brings in the Wagner Act and Social Security Act to oversee the linkage between the labor movement and the Communist threat that was prevalent at that time. Evidently Manza took an all encompassing view of the New Deal instead of focusing on particular issue or program. His work is directed towards the general elite readers who have some knowledge of the New Deal and its various programs in particular the reforms that were introduced that changed the American perception of its government.

James T. Young (1993) too,…. [read more]

South Africa Throughout Its History Research Paper

… As a result, the United States maintains instances of structural racism even as it celebrates the election of its first black president. This is seen most obviously in the sentencing disparity between cocaine and the more cheaply accessible crack, the likelihood of dramatically harsher sentences for black perpetrators of crimes in which the victim was white, and the wildly disproportionate number of black men in prison, but even more recently, in a blatant return to previously repudiated tactics, a majority of states have enacted "voter-ID" laws ostensibly to counter the non-existent threat of voter fraud but which in reality will serve to make it more difficult for minorities and the poor to vote.

One of the major reasons for this dramatic difference between post-apartheid South…. [read more]

American Ethnic Culture Research Paper

… The changes affected society at large, families and individuals both positively and negatively

IV. Immigrants 1925 to 198) and 1982 to 2005

There were approximately 24 million immigrants to arrive in the U.S. between 1880 and 1920. These immigrants came mainly from Southern and Eastern European nations including Italy, Croatia, Greece, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungry, and Russia. Due to industrialization the population of Europe and the U.S. is stated to have almost doubled with 60 million individuals leaving Europe during that time and nearly half of them coming to the U.S. Of the 165,248 immigrants from the South of Italy in 1909 135,080 were males and 30,168 were females. Of those arriving from Northern Italy 18884 were males and 6,306 were females. Of those immigrants that…. [read more]

Impact of Persistence on Academic Success for Latino a College Students Dissertation

… ¶ … Latinos -- Introduction

It is widely understood that that Latino community is the fastest growing ethnic / cultural group in the United States. According to the U.S. Census data, California is among the states with fast rising numbers of Hispanics (most often alluded to in this paper as Latinos). As of 2006 in Los Angeles County Latinos comprise 47.3% of the population ( (U.S. Census); in Orange County Latinos comprise 32.9% of the population (U.S. Census). In other counties the percentages are startling, especially for those who are unaware of the rapid growth of Latinos. Kern County, close to Los Angeles, is 45.2% Latino; Monterey County (near the Bay Area) is 51.5% Latino; Riverside County is 42.2% Latino; San Bernardino County is 46%…. [read more]

Racism Without Racists Term Paper

… Racism Without Racists

There is a marked contradiction in the perceptions on racism in American society. In his book Racism Without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States, Eduardo Bonilla-Silva investigates how such detailed system of inequity continues to exist, even as many Caucasians insist that society has progressed, to an extent that racism is no longer an issue. The author further investigates how Caucasians are able to both assert their social dominance, even as they create a facade highlighting their own supposed color-blindedness. The effect of this fake color-blindedness, says the author, is to actually dismiss.

Bonilla-Silva builds his study on two surveys, one with 627 college students from different areas of the country and the second with…. [read more]

Hispanic Group Characteristics Determining Quality of Life Term Paper

… Blauner's Hypothesis and the Hispanics' quality of life

In Bob Blauner's "Still the Big News: Racial Oppression in America," he discussed his hypothesis regarding racial oppression in American society, citing, in particular, the Negro experience. In discussing his hypothesis, Blauner posits that minority groups created by colonization experiences greater racial discrimination than those created by immigration. In effect, minority groups that emerged out of colonization results to greater stratification in the society.

This hypothesis was created and developed in Blauner's study of the history of African-Americans in American society. He related the emergence of a colonized minority group as white American's response to increasing "power" and dominance of black Americans in the country:

The idea of Black Power would help further radicalize the black movement…. [read more]

Nickel and Dimed Term Paper

… Nickel and Dimed -- "It's the Race (not the class) that's the problem with the American Economy, Stupid!

Over the course of her text, Nickel and Dimed the author Barbara Ehrenreich admits in the first chapter to her reader that she holds a PhD in biology. She deploys, in the words of Hughes and Kroehler, the interactionist technique of becoming a part of her sociological subject's environment. She is masquerading as a member of the working class as a reporter. But Ehrenreich was not always a member of the privileged elite. (Ehrenreich, 2001, p.3) in fact, "the last time anyone had urged me to forsake my normal life for a run-of -- the mill low paid-job had been in the seventies when dozens, perhaps hundreds…. [read more]

Treatment of Women in Mexican Term Paper

… During the entire Conquest, their relationship was monogamous.

Octavio Paz and Being Mestizo

Paz is one of the writers and thinkers most responsible for helping Mexicans come to an understanding of their own place in the world, and the relationship between "Mexicanness" and mestizo-ness. Through his writings he has helped both Mexicans and everyone else come to understand that the mixed heritage of the people of Mexico is not something that should be attempted to be overcome but is rather something that should be celebrated.

Paz writes about his own struggle to understand what it means to be Mexican on a personal basis - a struggle that he would come to understand was not in fact a personal one at all but that was in…. [read more]

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