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Spanish Civil War the Famous Research Paper

… He once again returned to the lines where he also received a bullet injury. While he was just about to recover in Spain, the Marxist party (with whom he was fighting) was dominated by the Stalin-supported government and almost everyone he was at war with got arrested. Along with his wife, he decided to escape to France by train. His wife also worked in Barcelona during the war.

It has been discovered, by some other writings of Orwell, that he was extremely angry while writing this book. Orwell has written at multiple places about how he was disgusted at the press release on Barcelona May Days that blamed Orwell's party for the chaos and fighting. However, while reading Homage to Catalonia, the reader does not…. [read more]


World War Analysis WWI Research Paper

… The next ten years after the War were the cause of great prosperity for U.S. Huge developments in radios and household items were made and new creations like cars and aeroplanes were formed. The standard of living was also significantly improved. During the mid-1920s U.S. was producing products that were distributed worldwide including the Ford line. Innovative ideas were introduced for example the proposal by Frederick W. Taylor on scientific management (Armstrong 2012-2013, 217) This ensured quicker production of products across the country leading to lowered production cost and consequently a reduced cost to the buyer. All these changes and improvements would probably not have occurred if U.S. had not participated in the World War 1. A significant impact was made to its industry and…. [read more]


Anti-War Sentiments Vonnegut and Sassoon Thesis

… In this poem, a priest is cheering on some soldiers, telling them what a brave group they are and what a glorious cause they're fighting for, that they are fighting the Anti-Christ himself. He tells them that they won't be the same when they come home because they will be full of the honor and bravery and glory of the cause for which they fought and they will know this and it is implied that the priest believes this will make them nobler men.

One of the soldiers, though, knows better. He points out that yes, they will be changed when they come home, but not in the way the priest believes. The soldier says they will be changed because of how damaged they will…. [read more]


Kazantzakis Freedom or Death Captain Book Review

… He literally went wild, in fact, forgetting all 'Frankish' intellectualism and listening only to the call of blood and ancient battle cries.

6. Final Observations

This is a story about ancient tribal and religious hatreds, vendettas and blood feuds in a very traditional warrior culture that get carried over into modern nationalistic ideologies. Kazantzakis depicted the courage and many honorable traditions of this society, but also recoiled from all of its crudeness and brutality in the name of heroism, patriotism and male egos. In this sense, the novel is very contemporary indeed, given the wars in Bosnia, Kosovo, Iraq and Afghanistan, where all of the hatreds between the Christian West and Islamic East have been on full display, with characters like Osama bin Laden who…. [read more]


Life After Death: Philosophy, Science, and Belief Research Paper

… If anything these processes are heightened: thinking is vivid, hearing is sharp; and vision can extend to 360 degrees. [They] claim that without physical bodies, they are able to penetrate walls and doors and project themselves wherever they want. They frequently report the ability to read people's thoughts. The out of body experience is quite important from a scientific point-of-view because it is the only feature of the near-death experience that can be independently corroborated. (162-3)

Indeed in the twenty first century, this method of asserting life after death has become most popular, with best-sellers in the past four years focusing on a small child (Todd Burpo's Heaven is for Real) and a brain surgeon (Eben Alexander's Proof of Heaven) who had near-death experiences revealing…. [read more]


Civil War Would the Union Thesis

… The Border States only helped to facilitate the North's advantages. The Border States did not create them. In addition, the south because of their reliance on commodities and crops were primarily farmers before the war. This was a distinct disadvantage as the south had to train farmers into soldiers in a very small amount of time. These farmers ultimately could not compete with the more polished northern soldiers. Furthermore, because the south relied extensively on cotton exports, the north had the ability to halt economic development through its superior navy (Surdam, 2001). The north with its industrialized economy used a blockade to stifle economic development in the region. As such, the south could not export many of its products to other neighboring countries such as…. [read more]


World War II Term Paper

… World War II or the Second World War turned out to be a war that was proceeding by 1939 and then finished up 1945. It had a lot to do with a huge mainstream of the world's states -- will involves all of the big powers -- ultimately starting two contrasting military associations: the Axis and the Allies. It was the most extensive war in history, with more than 100 million individuals that had served in any of the military units. In locations of "all out war," the main members put their entire financial, business, and scientific competences at the delivery of the war effort, eliminating the difference among civilian and military capitals. Marked by important proceedings linking the mass death of civilians, counting the…. [read more]


Sun Tsu Art of War Term Paper

… All the greatest rulers and generals in history sought ways to achieve their goals without fighting battles, and the best generals knew how to win without fighting at all. A military commander should also be a model of duty, diligence, loyalty and propriety rather than corrupt and self-seeking and no army would ever really find success in the long-term without a commander who embodied these virtues. His cultural and philosophical assumptions held that the general was the father of his men and their model, just as the king was the head of the entire extended family of his subjects. If the leaders lacked virtue then the state was doomed in any case, and would be conquered or overthrown. Sun Tzu's mental world was authoritarian and…. [read more]


Mark Twain the War Prayer Thesis

… War Prayer by Mark Twain is a short story that uses irony and hyperbole to critique the zealous militarism gripping the hearts and minds of a community about to go to war. The first paragraph is a kind of stereotypical portrait of a nation preparing for conflict, during which war is viewed with "great and exalting excitement." The atmosphere before soldiers have died is more like a parade than preparation for death: "the drums were beating, the bands playing, the toy pistols popping, the bunched firecrackers hissing and spluttering." Twain opens the story with cascading, long sentences that release a flood of imagery and impressions of the coming of war as a joyous event: "on every hand and far down the receding and fading spread…. [read more]


Media and War the Cold Research Paper

… Media and War ( the Cold War )

Shakespeare's play King Lear is a magnitude of desolation, stripping off human character and impregnating its audience with mixed up feelings of sympathy and sorrow. Mother Night by Kurt Vonnegut, although written some centuries after the former, raises some similar questions in regards to human nature and the transformations it is subjected to in certain circumstances. Although one is written a tragedy and the other a novel, both resemble a dramatic scenario that leave the readers taunting and tantalizing on the truthfulness of values and whether or not they do exist.

In King Lear, human feelings are dehumanized by greed and will for power as the king himself eventually realises, once his daughters receive their part of…. [read more]


WW2 Momentum Shift 1942-1944 Essay

… It was evident that the bombings succeeded in vastly causing collateral damage to the Germany war factories, the aircraft plants, transport sector and the oil facilities, but noticeably it failed to kill the spirits and morale of the people (Rogole J.A., 2002:Pp27).

Conclusion

The WWII was not just a war of weapons as was the WWI but it involved much more than just that. It involved a lot of diplomacy playing out between countries hence formation of alliances which were basically means of showing allegiance to some countries. The main driving force behind the formation of the alliances was to get enough military muscle to outweigh the enemy and hence be able to either protect your own territory or even carry out expansion as Japan…. [read more]


World War II Ww Essay

… Slowly the Americans invaded and liberated a number of islands until the were in a position to begin an air campaign against the Japanese homeland. With the capture of the Marianas, Iwo Jima, and finally Okinawa, the Americans came to hold the position of being able to strike at Japan with their heavy bombers and begin inflicting massive damage to their industrial base. But two years of air attacks and the destruction of several Japanese cities through firebombing still was not enough for the Japanese military to surrender.

Despite the carnage, the Japanese military wanted to fight to the death and forced the Japanese people to stand alongside them. Facing the thought of an American invasion of the Japanese home islands, and the possibility of…. [read more]


Winning the Civil War Term Paper

… When William Tecumseh Sherman led his troops on a march through Atlanta, he devastated crops, burning whole plantations to the ground and denying the southern armies the means to support themselves, their horses, or the civilians living in the American South. In the north, the economy was based on industrialization rather than on agriculture. Consequently in the north they were able to produce large amounts of artillery while the south was dependent on taking over union armories or in cargo ships from Europe to replenish their supplies. Northern industry and railroads were of paramount importance to their success, as indicated by the Confederate focus on trying to destroy these venues.[footnoteRef:6] [5: Charles Sydnor, The Development of Southern Sectionalism 1819-1848, (1948).] [6: Bevin Alexander, How the…. [read more]


World War I Tactics Term Paper

… In an effort to respond to the threat, the Allies used largely untested gas-delivery methods that performed poorly under battlefield conditions, and the vagaries of the wind always meant that gas could be blown anywhere (Brundt 83). In this regard, Brundt reports that, "At the Battle of Loos, the British released gas from cylinders that blew back into the faces of their own advancing troops" (83).

Furthermore, the types of gas masks that were issued to Allied troops were inadequate protection for all of the different chemical agents that were used. According to Brundt, "The immediate solution consisted of a gauze pad soaked in urine. Within a few days of Ypres, nearly 100,000 troops received these gauze-type masks. The delayed production of adequate equipment, gas…. [read more]


Capital Punishment in America Term Paper

… ¶ … Capital Punishment

The legally authorized killing of an individual as a source of punishment for a crime of which they have been convicted is known as capital punishment. Both those who support and those who oppose the death penalty will continue this debate citing history, psychology, theology, and governmental policy to support their arguments. Many United States Citizens have formed their opinions, drawn their lines, and have stated their positions. It is the purpose of this paper to support the position that capital punishment is only appropriate when and only when DNA forensic evidence clearly confirms the convicted is guilty of the crime committed.

Some Issues Surrounding Capital Punishment

"Until approximately the eighteenth century, death was not the harshest punishment available for law…. [read more]


War of Tripoli Thesis

… ¶ … war of Tripoli

As a young republic, America fought a war with the Barbary pirates who plied the waters of the Mediterranean in early nineteenth century. The Tripolitan war which took place between 1801 and 1805 opposed American and North African forces. The African states were the Sultanate of Morocco, and the Regencies of Tunis, Algiers, and Tripoli which, at the time, belonged to the Ottoman Empire. However, few American historians have dedicated lengthy studies to the First Barbary War. There are a few reasons which could account for this situation. First of all, the war was rather short-lived; secondly, it took place far from the North American continent. There is also another aspect to consider here, namely that the Tripolitan War was…. [read more]


Walt Whitman: Death and Immortality Essay

… Walt Whitman: Death and Immortality in Whitman's Verse

Walt Whitman has long been celebrated as one of America's most optimistic poets. However, like all 19th century authors, the omnipresence of war, death, and sickness in his society forced him to confront death on a regular basis and naturally this affected his poetic development and approach to his subjects. Whitman frequently contrasted the impermanent nature of the material world with the immortality of verse: although all living beings would die as part of the ebb and flows of the natural world, through his poetic gift he could convey immortality to the most ordinary creatures and people by showing how they all represented things larger than what they appeared.

In his poem "Out of the Cradle Endlessly…. [read more]


War Is Sometimes Called the Mother of Inventions Term Paper

… ¶ … Civil War: Destructive & Bloody

The Civil War was not the "Mother of Inventions"

When historians and other interested researchers analyze the Civil War, there is little to be found in terms of great advancements or innovations, either technological or theoretical. What one does discover even in a brief review of the "War Between the States" is human carnage, bloody battlefields, broken hearts, families torn apart, burned cities, wasted lives and political hatred. And all that waste, rage and killing resulted from the inability of two regions of a new country to come to a compromise over two important issues: a) Should the evil institution of slavery (human bondage) be allowed to continue? And b), do individual states within the union have the…. [read more]


War: Politics, Conflicts, and Society Since 1914 Term Paper

… ¶ … War: Politics, Conflicts, and Society Since 1914 by Gabriel Kolko. Specifically, it will discuss at least three interesting facts about soldiers in World War I from reading Chapter 7 of the novel. Several interesting facts emerged from reading this chapter, giving a deeper understanding of the machinery of war.

One interesting fact that came from reading this chapter was the note that the soldiers were not necessarily loyal to the state they were fighting for. The author notes," non-one in 1914 thought it essential to consider their fidelity to the state and those who ruled it" (Kolko 124). Today, this seems odd and even dangerous, and it became more dangerous as World War I lasted. It seems rather thoughtless that these nations would…. [read more]


Ethics of War: Justified Research Paper

… In this regard, Dagi cautions that, "It seems that the Assad regime is consuming itself with violence inflicted on its own people, but the question today is even when the regime gone what will remain of Syria? It is feared that a post-Assad Syria might plunge into another round of civil war" (5).

According to Recchia, the notion of justice after war and the fear of civil war in Syria may compel the international community in general and the United States in particular to take steps following the inevitable fall of the Assad regime to ensure social and political stability during the transition to a democratic state, but this a treacherously slippery slope. In this regard, Recchia advises, "Protracted international trusteeship over fragile war-torn societies…. [read more]


French and Indian War Cultural Term Paper

… [11: Anderson, Fred (2000). Crucible of War: The Seven Years' War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754-1766. New York: Knopf]

The war is frequently seen as war that existed between France and Britain. However, Indian nations were also active participants of the War and hence, they had either sided with France or Britain. These tribes had played a dominant role in starting the war as well as the consequences of the war[footnoteRef:12]. To control the land, the fight was between the three nations and in late eighteenth century, it was not evident who would emerge as the dominant player. Iroquois, the five Indian tribes, had been successful at ensuring that French and British sides fight with one another in order to…. [read more]


Military War or Campaign Research Paper

… State interests come in several ways. For instance, Americans need stability of economy, absence of threats and invasions, together with peaceful coexistence with other nations. When all these were put in front with the looming of the Gulf War, it was hard for the nation and citizens to decide on how towards establishing an equitable procedure and action to be taken. All these and many other aspects of war made the U.S. employ a paradoxical love-hate relationship with the Gulf War.

How this relationship influences American warfare

When the Gulf War broke, the United States of America had to seek ways of coping with every negative effect that were to be exemplified. Most Americans had no courage and intention of participating in the war. Nonetheless,…. [read more]


United States in World War II Term Paper

… Minorities in World War II

World War II and Its Impact on Minorities in America

World War II was the most destructive war in human history, claiming the lives of at least fifty million people around the world. It crippled many more millions and cost nations astronomical amounts of property damage. World War II also has left a huge legacy as its impact on the domestic affairs of the countries involved was enormous. Though most history books focus on the war itself, this paper is an attempt to look at the war's impact on American society. Particularly, the focus of this paper is on the impact of World War II on minorities in America: Native Americans, Japanese-Americans, African-Americans, women, and other groups. It is hard…. [read more]


Anglo Chinese War the Historical Discussion Research Paper

… ¶ … Anglo Chinese War

The historical discussion of the First Anglo-Chinese War (frequently referred to as the First Opium War) included a variety of competing perspectives even as the war was still being fought, because either side viewed the war in entirely different contexts.

In largely the same fashion, for years the historiography of the first Anglo-Chinese war developed independently in the East and West, and it was not until relatively recently, when Mao Zedong relaxed restrictions on access to Chinese documents and collaboration between historians, that this historiography has begun to include these differing perspectives, thus allowing a more complete picture of the war, as well as its causes and effects, to emerge. Coinciding with this increased access to Chinese primary documents was…. [read more]


Social Impact of Cold War Essay

… Innocent civilians are often at extreme risk in the battles for gathering information or in the battles run by remote. In an interesting way, it might also be seen that this kind of distance campaign strategy is like the way some see the U.S. As contributing to the near collapse of the world economy. The U.S.'s lax financial rules and regulations pulled in other countries and set them up for many of the challenges they now face -- many of which are bringing about social and cultural unrest. It clearly would not be difficult for terrorists or even other nations to see this as an extension of the type of attitude that America picked up when it did its victory dance after the melting of…. [read more]


Civil War Term Paper

… ¶ … Civil War

Most of us, no matter where we spent our early years in the United States, were taught a version of American history in which the Civil War (and, indeed, the decade leading up to it) were marked by first an antagonism and then a bellicosity between a universally slaveholding South and a universally non-slaveholding North. A more careful reading of the historical record, however, shows quite clearly that the picture is rather more complicated.

The issue of slavery was more complicated than the usual picture of it, which does not given sufficient weight to the economic perspective and which fails to examine the differences between slave-holding and non-slave-holding Southerners. Most histories of the Civil War also leave out the shifting dynamics…. [read more]


Was Operation Iraqi Freedom a Legitimate and Just War? Research Paper

… Iraqi War

Operation Iraqi Freedom: A legitimate and just war?

The United States of America invaded Iraq in 2003 under the direction of President George W. Bush and Prime Minister Tony Blair of the United Kingdom (Gordon 2006). The foundational information that is said to have precipitated the action was the idea that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction which purportedly threatened the security of regions held by allies of the United States and the United Kingdom (Gordon 2006). The United Nations Security Council in 2002 passes Resolution 1441 which required Iraq to adhere to the rules of the United Nations and determine that they were not in possession of cruise missiles or other weapons of mass destruction. There was no evidence found that truly…. [read more]


30 Years War Essay

… War

Years war

Thirty Years War

Thirty Years War

The Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) is described as a period of intense and extremely disruptive conflict in Germany and Europe. One historian states that it was "…an epoch of the most fanatical and savage conflict, a bloody time of religious war, whose flame was lit in Bohemia in 1618 to rage through Germany with devastation and fire for a quarter of a century."

Cramer ( 2007) also refers to this period as a time in which governments were "torn asunder" and that the era was a time of "shame and horror."

The intensity and the impact of this conflict can be derived from its aftermath.

The gruesome devastations of the 30 years war were followed by…. [read more]


Capital Punishment Analyzed by Utilitarian Ethics and Kantian Research Paper

… Death Penalty Philosophy

Capital Punishment Analyzed by Utilitarian Ethics & Kantian Ethics

The death penalty is the most extreme of punitive consequences, with its application representing the greatest of finalities in law enforcement and criminal sentencing. An issue which has garnered intense debate for decades and which has divided individuals along party lines and philosophical dispositions, the use of capital punishment is defended by its advocates as an effective way to deter violent crime and as a critically potent way to punish the worst of offenders. Its critics regard it as barbaric, unconstitutional or generally a violation of human rights. The United States is the only Western democracy in the world which still employs the death penalty in its criminal justice system. A careful analysis…. [read more]


Capital Punishment the Death Penalty Is Authorized Term Paper

… Capital Punishment

The death penalty is authorized by thirty-eight states, the Federal Government, and the U.S. Military. Those jurisdictions without the Death Penalty include twelve states (Alaska, Hawaii, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wisconsin) and the District of Columbia. Since 1976, there have been 916 executions as of July 1, 2004 and approximately 3,494 inmates are on death row. Today, the death penalty is a hotly contested topic with about sixty-five percent of Americans supporting it, but only a third of these strongly favoring it. This paper explores why these mixed feelings exist and concludes that disagreements on appropriate levels of punishment are the real drivers for controversy and that these differences are not easily resolved, meaning…. [read more]

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