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Crisis as an Inevitable Feature of Capitalism Essay

… Economics

Crisis as an Inevitable Feature of Capitalism

What were the immediate and long-term causes of the current political economic crisis?

Today's economic and financial crisis began in the rich world particularly in the U.S.A. It has been referred to as a financial meltdown, storm or credit crunch. Credit crunch is an economic condition in which investment capital is hard to get. It means that there is hardly any credit available for investors. For the rich countries, it has created panic and has been seen as the worst in recent years and has been compared to the 1930 great depression. In other words it has been a big crash or a bust (the Current Economic Crisis, its causes, its impact and possible alternatives, 2009).

Even…. [read more]


Social Enterprise Essay

… As transformational leaders are able to deal with and handle the complex problems of a constantly changing world; Professor Yunus has dealt with all the challenges and uncertainties that hurdled his way towards success. His visionary attitude made him to dream and this ability ultimately made him triumphant in translating those dreams by sharing them with others (Marshall 2011).

As far as Grameen Bank is concerned, it turned out to be a success for a number of reasons. Firstly, Muhammad Yunus constructed a vision for it and created a distinctive image regarding the culture of this mentioned organization. He then intelligently defined the philosophy of Grameen Bank by precisely stating the vision he had in his mind and developed such programs and strategies that harmonized…. [read more]


Economic Growth and Happiness Essay

… The Arab Spring was one such event which truly made the world realize the power of this technology.

Conclusion

While it can be said that economic growth in terms of more choices, higher income and technological advancement leads to easier ways of life, and a better standard of living, there are indications that these might not lead to happiness which defined in terms of the Bhutanese government include spirituality, care for the environment, and in its wake, more contentment, rather than a hungry drive to capture as much of the world's resources as possible, as is the case with other countries. (Fribbance, 2009)

Happiness might be a subjective factor, but it is important as it is the goal of all individuals, therefore the ultimate goal…. [read more]


Economic Crisis Policies US Current Research Paper

… S. money market back to its operations by assuming that U.S. financial system had enough liquidity to expand the market operations. Fed Reserve accepted the less credit worthy securities as collateral and held safe U.S. treasuries to keep the money supply constant. These were later termed as "toxic waste removal" policies.

Fed Reserve introduces another set of program by taking over multinational insurance company American International Group (AIG) on September 2008. This program was implemented through option of purchasing asset backed commercial paper from money market mutual funds. This policy was termed as Quantitative easing by Bernake.

Discussion

First the U.S. economic crisis was only of real estate and later on it developed into global financial crisis. If it is to be judged that Fed…. [read more]


Social Security Research Paper

… This is going to have dire consequences when the current politicians are all dead and young people inherent a bankrupt Social Security system, right around the time they finish paying off their student loans and can start saving for a down payment on a house. Without concrete action today to restructure the Social Security system, it will face a funding catastrophe that will be difficult to resolve by the time politicians feel motivated to address it.

References

Autor, D. & Duggan, M. (2006). The growth in social security disability rolls: A fiscal crisis unfolding. NBER Working Paper Series. Retrieved March 25, 2014 from http://cid.bcrp.gob.pe/biblio/Papers/NBER/2006/Agosto/w12436.pdf

Biggs, A. (2011). Means testing and its limits. American Enterprise Institute. Retrieved March 25, 2014 from http://www.aei.org/article/economics/retirement/means-testing-and-its-limits/

SSA.gov. (2014). FAQs. Social…. [read more]


Economics Course Economics Impacts Essay

… A more proactive approach to the course may have increased the learning achieved and the depth of the learning, possibly aided with some supplemental reading which may have been used to expand the knowledge gained from the course materials as well as helping to expand understanding of the application of the knowledge that have resulted from the course.

There were some topics which were more difficult than others. The initial challenges of supply and demand graphs, and the way that different influences impact on the supply and demand curves, were overcome and the application learned quickly. This forms a basis of many concepts within economics and can be used to help illustrate the way different influences impact on the economy as a whole as well…. [read more]


Economic Integration of GCC Countries: Latest Developments Since 2010 Essay

… This indicator is inopportune when focusing on other indicators.

There is also a dangerous debt in non-oil producing countries. They have no choice but to implement the policies. Countries like Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Oman are facing pressing challenges when it comes to labor. In these countries, national workforce has been rendered inopportune to deliver since foreign labor (with better services at cheaper rates) especially from India and Africa have recently flocked the labor market. Therefore, GCC is currently pursuing policies, which will seek to replace foreign workers with local workers. To accomplish this, GCC is advising member states to pursue a combination of mandatory of market-based and as well, policies which will seek to promote non-oil economic growth.

Although the population of the GCC…. [read more]


Economic Development Is a Key Term Paper

… System of incentivizing workers to increase productivity was also introduced.

(Chenery) in a comparative framework for assessing performance of China in comparison to other developing countries says that China has achieved the adequate industrial structure and investment structure of a middle-income country. The author says, "In the case of China, industrialization has proceeded much further than is typical for countries of its income level." The author also attributes slow population growth in the country as a factor to achieve economic growth. Moreover he gives credit to the autarkic policies followed over three decades in China for its industrial growth.

China now has a per capita gross national income of about U.S.$4,260 (World Bank). It stands in the queue of upper middle-income countries. Now the country…. [read more]


Economics of Peru Thesis

… Economics of Peru

The focus of this work is examining Peru's economic state and to conduct an analysis which determines the optimal direction that Peru should take in country development in the near future to optimize the country's economy. This study reviews an extensive base of literature and states suggestions and indications for the country of Peru and the initiative to further develop support and boost the country's economy.

ECONOMICS of PERU

The objective of this work is to examine the economics of Peru and the challenges faced by this economy in terms of future current global economics and financial challenges. Ultimately, this work will state economic policy guidelines and describe alternative actions or solutions along with the implications of the economic situation of that…. [read more]


Social Evolution to Rapid Revolutionary Essay

… If debtors cannot repay, creditors should bear the losses" (Sinn).

While reading both of the aforementioned articles, it becomes quite evident that the theory that most relates to the relationships between Europe, the United States, Germany, and the other nation states that comprise the EU is world-systems theory. There are several salient factors that underscore this notion, one of the most visible of which is the degree of solidarity on an international basis that the European Union already represents. Furthermore, as both articles referenced in this document have already alluded to, the U.S.'s economy is in no small part dependent on that of the Europe's and has been for the past couple of years. The concepts of globalization as one which is based on labor…. [read more]


Social Unit a Country: Japan Essay

… Allied Academies International Conference. Academy of Marketing Studies. Proceedings, 7(1), 37-43.

Japan is the second most powerful economy in the world despite recently weathering a recession that caused many to question the 'Japanese miracle.' Compared with other nations, globalization (much like its isolation in previous eras) was strongly associated with being disseminated by the government in a top-down fashion. The Japanese government allied with private businesses to rebuild its economy after WWII, creating a symbiotic relationship between the two. Globalization was a calculated rather than spontaneous effort. This relationship between government and business has also made it difficult for foreign firms to penetrate Japan in a meaningful fashion.

Rozman, G. (2002). Can Confucianism survive in an age of universalism and globalization? Pacific Affairs, 75(1), 11-37.…. [read more]


Federal Reserve the Current State Essay

… Lower employment level triggers temporary increase in inflation in an economy that is developing. This causes the monetary policy mechanism to decrease growth and reduce inflation. The decrease in inflation causes unemployment rate to increase briefly as the tempo of economic growth decreases (Hafer, 2005).

Nonetheless, since both monetary policy and fiscal have their weaknesses and strengths, it is advisable for the nation to use both tools in bringing stability in the economy. It is recommendable to use fiscal policy in controlling unemployment while in fighting inflation, monetary policy is the best option. This is due to the fact that in a case of severe economic decline the monetary policy might not be very useful in helping the around to come out of the situation.…. [read more]


Economics of Monopoly Power Essay

… 3). Explain the economic consequences that would unfold if one of the major four sports leagues in the United States reorganized into a single-entity league. Discuss the consequences for players and fans.

If such an event happened, this would lead to what is referred to as oligopoly in the economics arena. This will mean that there will be a small group of participants who will have the ability to control and have influence over the forces supply and the prices in this market. In our case, this newly formed oligopoly will be able to give the remaining three leagues a hard time in terms of determining the forces in the sports fraternity. This will include the pay of the players being influenced by this groups…. [read more]


Economic Impact Study: Students Research Paper

… Often, college students fall into that category, as do many people who are just out of college and now have a number of student loans they will have to repay in an economy that is not growing or adding new jobs (Kadlec, 2013). Students who are in college and those who are just out of college have very little disposable income, and they are not spending like they would if they had more money and the economy was strong. The struggle that they are facing is very real, and compounded by the higher education system and how it has become so expensive to get a good education.

That is not to imply that the recession is the only issue, or that there would be no…. [read more]


Economic Globalization Has the 2008 Essay

… Towards the end of 2009, there emerged fresh fears as investment experts warned of a looming sovereign debt crisis owing to rising government and private debt levels in Europe along with a wave of decline in government debt in some European Union member states. In some EU member states, private debts emanating from an ongoing property bubble became sovereign debt owing to government intervention in slowing economies and post-bubble banking system bailouts. In Greece, elevated public sector pension and wage commitments prompted an increase in sovereign debt. According to economic experts, the absence of fiscal union in the Eurozone as monetary union triggered the crisis compromising the capacity of European leaders to react to the crisis. Banks in the European Union owe a momentous amount…. [read more]


Social Security Crisis Term Paper

… CONCLUSION

Any time money is a topic of serious discussion, emotions tend to run high. Those who support privatization insist that if we do not add "ownership" in the form of personal investments to the plan as just requiring future workers to shoulder a tremendous burden, and that after they have done this, their benefits will be lower (Reynolds, PAGE). This does seem to be a possibility if nothing is done. Other experts, however, look at the situation differently. They argue that younger workers must set up personal retirement accounts such as IRA's because they cannot be certain Social Security will be there for them when the time comes for them to retire (Reynolds, PAGE).

However, people tend to talk about the problem in emotional…. [read more]


Economic Crisis the Revelation Research Paper

… 25%. The attraction for the prospect non-prime buyers evicted from the market perhaps during the first half of the year 2006, the Mortgage Bankers Association discovered the value, and total number, of subprime mortgages that had now gone down 30% on the second half of 2005

4: the fourth that contributed to the bubble burst was the adversity that, as personal saving from disposable income reached up to the level below zero, fewer households had the requisite finance to support increases in debt and the standard of livings of the residents.

The ever expanding consequences of the bubble burst that funneled down to the household of U.S. And ultimately the senate and state. Giving the strong evidence the senate the William Black asserted (Johnson, 2010):…. [read more]


Economic Analysis on the Country Canada Research Paper

… Economic Analysis on the Country Canada

A key obstacle for monetary policies is to recognize and be aware of the developments in the world economy that might have a major pressure on economic activity and inflation in Canada. In light of the current global economic crisis, initiatives in 2009 are geared towards getting a better understanding of real-financial linkages in our econometric models, refining our forecasting models for major economies, improving our knowledge of commodity markets, and examining the exchange rate and its implications for monetary policy (Highlights of Medium-term Policy Relevant Research: Update 2009, 2010).

Productivity has grown strongly in both Canada and the United States from the mid-1990s to the early 2000s. Because of a cyclical upswing and the boom in information and…. [read more]


Economic Analysis of Australian Fruit Case Study

… These simultaneous shifts result in supply and demand will ensure lower equilibrium prices however, there is some question regarding equilibrium quantity. A larger supply shift and smaller demand shift would result in an increase in the equilibrium quantity. Contrarily, a smaller supply shift and larger demand shift would decrease equilibrium quantity; accordingly there is some ambiguity. In this case however, there is reason to believe that the larger supply shift from imported pumpkins would outweigh the reduction in demand, so equilibrium quantity would increase and equilibrium price would decrease.

Referring to the determinants of price elasticity of demand as they apply to pineapples analyze the likely impact on the market if the government imposes a retail price ceiling of $40 a box on pineapples. Specify…. [read more]


Economic Trends Essay

… 7% is the lowest since Q1 2009. The United Kingdom's unemployment rate has been relatively stable over the study period but remains persistently high at 7.67%. The unemployment rate in the United States rose rapidly with the recession, from 5.3% to 9.97%, a much larger change than the other three countries experienced. The rate has not fallen much and still sits at 8.9%. The unemployment figures illustrate that despite Japan's volatility in some areas, employment is fairly stable. The UK and Canada did not suffer from the recession nearly as much as the U.S. did, at least as far as jobs are concerned.

5. The country that is the strongest at this time is Canada. There are a number of reasons for that assessment. The…. [read more]


Economics Government Regulations Term Paper

… The "perfect market" that is fully self-regulating relies on perfect information and no externalities, two assumptions that do not hold in the real world. Moreover, the process of self-regulation takes time, and will never really be achieved -- equilibrium only exists in economics textbooks. In the real world, markets trend towards equilibrium, but as circumstances change they can never fully achieve it. The degree of regulation that is optimal depends on the will of the society, which must decide when choosing its elective representatives where it wants to balance itself on the regulation continuum -- to provide greater protections and perhaps slower growth or to accept a more free market approach, which is inherently volatile. A society needs to choose for itself what its risk…. [read more]


Economics the Keynesian Economic Theorists Term Paper

… The economic policies imply that the U.S. is ready to reduce trade deficit, find new markets for locally produced goods, increase industry, and manufacturing, increase foreign exchange, increase income through job creation, and reduce unemployment. This leads to a trickle-down effect as a reduction in budget deficit implies a reduction in trade deficit, which in turn will reduce and end currency manipulation by other major currencies like Chinese Yen. The changes in economic policies imply the U.S. will increase regulation and stringent policies on trade, public budgets, jobs, and investment with the aim of ending currency manipulation that is the cause of the decline and near death of American manufacturing.

6)

Protectionists theory on trade policies argue that international trade contributes to the increase of…. [read more]


Economic Indicators Assessment

… Economic Indicators

Savings Rate

Economic Indicator- the savings rate is the income that is not spent and is instead differed for consumption. In some instances, saving can also include reducing recurring costs such as a cell phone, or cable bill. In essence, individuals preserve money now, for a predetermined use in the future. This money is usually deducted from an individual's disposable income to use for future investment. The savings rate is an economic indicator of individual's propensity to save. This has implications in regards to the overall indebtedness of the nation. It can also indicate the purchasing power available for discretionary purchases.

Rate of Value -- 3.4% as of October 2012

Source of Information -U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis,

"United States Personal Saving Rate."…. [read more]


Economic Analysis: The International Trade Essay

… Political and Financial Risks of International Marketing

Within the realm of international marketing, major political and financial risks often rise to the forefront. Such risks are similar to those that are taken on by traders in domestic markets, but in viewing the risks on an international playing field these risks become far more apparent with the capacity to have significant financial impact should something go wrong. For instance, countries engaging in trade in the foreign market may see such financial risks as buyer insolvency (purchaser cannot pay for the goods set up for exchange), non-acceptance (buyer rejects goods as different from the agreed upon specifications), and credit risks (allowing the buyer to take possession of the goods prior to payment) (Dutta, 2010, p. 320). These…. [read more]


Economics Optimal Currency Area Essay

… Economics

Optimal Currency Area

An Optimal Currency Area (OCA) is a geographic area that is best suited to share the same currency because it would optimize the region's economic efficiency. It sets up a description for what distinct qualities it would take for an area to become an OCA and either merge currencies or have a new currency. The OCA theory is used to determine if an area is capable of becoming a monetary union.

National sovereignty is an important consideration when a region is determining whether or not to create an independent currency. The economics of independent currencies with fixed instead of flexible exchange rates is a debate of longstanding.

An autonomous currency and monetary policy are potentially useful tools to stabilize economies, especially…. [read more]


Economics: Application of Concepts Essay

… These are the reasons that prompted the government to step in.

Had the monopoly succeeded, competitors would have been edged out of the market. Those who would have been affected in this case include carriers like MCI and a host of telecommunication-equipment suppliers. With no competitor to watch out for, AT&T would have been tempted to charge prices higher than those possible in a competitive market. It is also likely that the quality of services offered by the company would have suffered.

Methods of Identifying Customers to be Offered Discounts

In some instances, an attempt by a given company to offer discounts to some groups of customers could have the effect of alienating some of its consumers. To avoid this, business entities should embrace fair…. [read more]


Economic Crisis 2008-2009 Research Paper

… Credit is a tool that can be quite beneficial for the economy if used smartly. It can become the basis of expansion or the start for a business. This will eventually lead to a generation of employment opportunities for people. It is also used to buy necessities and luxuries of life. To produce all this, people will be employed and this will again create employment opportunities. But in the last decade, the amount of credit in the U.S. economy was not checked and regulated properly which led to serious problems.

The middle men who were actually the brokers for the mortgages decided who got the loans and they had the responsibility of passing these loans to other people as mortgage backed assets after keeping a…. [read more]


Social Security Today the History Term Paper

… Additionally, the majority opposed raising the age for benefits, increasing taxes, or having the government invest in the stock market.

What the Polls Say

According to the polls at pollingreport.com, many more Democrats were against privatization than were Republicans. This is probably because Democrats historically have more trust in the government to protect people and provide security, while Republicans traditionally are against any kind of government support for the individual in trouble or any form of financial interference. Independents were about halfway in-between, because independents can lean one way or the other. Another reason why more Republicans might have supported privatization is because Republicans are generally much more sympathetic with business interests, and that would be very good for big business.

Variations in the Polls…. [read more]


Economics Hayek Argues Against Economic Planning Essay

… Economics

Hayek argues against economic planning -- or given the context of 1945 he is probably focusing his target squarely against the planned economies of Communism -- based on some of the fundamental flaws in the execution of a planned economy. His first point is about information. He notes that if one person could have perfect information, a planned economy is feasible, but such an instance is impossible by a wide margin. No one person or even body of people, could possibly possess the knowledge necessary to successfully plan an economy. The "data from which the economic calculus starts are never for the whole society given to a single mind which could work out the implications, and can never be so given." Even today, we…. [read more]


Economic Principles and Purchasing Essay

… Practically speaking, if my employer can outsource or offshore my job at lower cost, then that increases the chances of me being laid off. For the same reason, it also decreases the chances of me getting large salary increases.

Even if my job were not in jeopardy, international trade still affects the health of the U.S. economy. The bigger the U.S. trade deficit grows, the more U.S. businesses potentially feel the negative effects. It becomes harder for them to raise capital, and government intervention in some form of protectionist action, which frequently does not produce the desired results, becomes more likely.

A Different Decision

If housing prices had not fallen drastically because of the crisis in the housing market, I probably would not have decided…. [read more]

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