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Which Approach Is More Effective for Weight Loss a Low-Carb Diet or a Low-Fat Research Paper

… Low-Carb Diet or a Low-Fat Diet

Which approach is more effective for weight loss: a low-carb diet or a low-fat diet?

[Cincinnati State Technical and Community College]

When people plan to choose to lose weight, one of the most difficult decisions that they make is to choose the diet type. There are two main kinds of diets; diets that are low in carbohydrates, which are often referred to as the low carb diets and low fat diet. Restriction of carbohydrates is often referred to as the Atkins diet, and low fat diets are the ones that retract the intake and consumption of high fat food (Rulifson, 2008, p. 281).

Most of the studies have shown that low fat diets may be one of the best…. [read more]

Dieting Factors Americans Spend Term Paper

… As a result, the authors recommended that there needs to be a better match of the diet chosen with the individual patient's food preferences, lifestyles and cardiovascular risk profiles.

Dansinger and colleagues thus concluded that adherence may have been better if the participants were able to choose their own diet approach: No one diet is best for everyone, they reported. Thus, very low carbohydrate diets are not any better than standard ones for the total population.

One of the more extensive research studies that compared different dietary approaches is a meta analysis that was conducted by Nordmann et al. (2006). For their analysis, the authors identified those trials that compared the effects of low-carbohydrate diets without restriction of energy intake vs. low-fat diets in individuals…. [read more]

Efficacy of High Protein Low Term Paper

… 55 kilograms and 4.5 kilograms more than people on the standard high-carbohydrate approach. He noted another factor that came in as a surprise- the Atkins dieters' cholesterol levels also improved. Although the bad cholesterol went up seven points, their good cholesterol rose almost 12. Correspondingly in the high-carbohydrate dieters though the bad cholesterol went down slightly the good cholesterol remained unchanged. Yet another improvement was seen in triglycerides as the Atkins dieters' reduced by 22 points. The fact that Atkins diet reduces the triglycerides, thereby increasing the cardiovascular health has also been extensively researched and established [Yancy, Bakst, Bryson, et al., 2001]

Two studies had been reported in the 'New England Journal of Medicine' provide additional evidence that Atkins diet possibly was more effective for…. [read more]

Atkins Diet Metabolic Term Paper

… Atkins Diet Physiology: Metabolic or Not?

In this study, we examined the effects of a high fat/low-carbohydrate diet on body weight and composition, in comparison to the effects of a calorie-reduced, fat-restricted diet. We conducted this particular study in an effort to answer the question of whether weight loss occurs because of a metabolic advantage, where the body begins to use fat as energy due to a lowered carbohydrate intake, or because of a negative energy balance, where the energy expenditure of an individual is higher than the energy intake. Our findings suggest that weight loss occurs because of a negative energy balance, which supports other studies on calorie theory (Golay, et al., 1996; Freedman, et al., 2001).

By comparing the total daily calorie intake…. [read more]

Diet to Achieve Weight Loss Essay

… ¶ … diet to achieve weight loss has become a common thought in the minds of overweight individuals. As the obesity epidemic continues to sicken industrialized nations, people think that crash diets, food deprivation, and starvation are the answer to reaching weight loss goals. To achieve a weight loss goal and maintain a healthy weight is not the result of a diet one can "go 'on' and 'off'" (Boyle, & Long, 2010, p. 291). Losing weight and sustaining a healthy lifestyle involves consuming foods that provide proper nutrition and promote health. In addition to adequate nutrition, losing weight involves adequate physical activity, calorie control, and other factors (Wing, & Phelan, 2005). Maintaining a healthy weight demands a lifestyle change that incorporates regular exercise and healthy…. [read more]

Weight Loss Term Paper


The United States has been criticized by doctors, researchers and government officials as being one of the fattest and unhealthy countries in the world. Our population currently faces numerous problems regarding health issues, weight loss, and now childhood obesity. Historian Harvey Levenstein (1988) contends that the most dramatic changes in the American diet occurred between 1880 and 1930. These changes were a result of many sociological factors and technological advances, including the development of the modern cooking range; the advent of new ways to preserve food; and the birth of our modern processed food industry. Levenstein (1988) also states that the greatly expanded food supply that resulted from the settling of the American West to be another factor, as well…. [read more]

Low-Carbohydrate Diets Food Service Industry Term Paper

… More specifically the scientific method employed in the present research investigation will provide a systematic and organized series of steps that will ensure the greatest amount and objectivity and consistency in researching the aforementioned research question. As such reliability and validity of the findings will be provided with respect to patterns and interrelationships of the variables previously identified.

At this juncture measurement data gathering and statistical data analysis has not been deemed necessary and/or appropriate for the following reasons:

1. A need has yet to be established highlighting the effects of a low carbohydrate diet on the American population visa via nutritionists, physicians, health advocates, general public, or food manufacturers.

2. Government (FDA) alerts have not been issued with warnings against low carbohydrate diets.

3.…. [read more]

Omniverous vs. Vegan Diet Omnivorous Term Paper


Omnivorous vs. vegan

A low-carbohydrate, high protein omnivorous diet vs. A low-protein, low fat vegan diet:

What is superior for diabetics?

The vegan diet has become extremely fashionable, thanks to endorsements by celebrities and Bill Clinton's much-publicized weight loss following heart surgery, which he attributed to his vegan diet. The escalating obesity epidemic in America and subsequent spike in type II diabetes have left many nutritionists searching for answers as to what is the best diet to follow to promote health, particularly for overweight persons with or at risk for diabetes (Davis 2011). However, the scientific evidence regarding the health-promoting effects of a vegan diet is questionable and no study has confirmed that a vegan diet is inherently superior to a…. [read more]

Best Way to Lose Weight Thesis

… ¶ … Loss

This project represents my research into the topic of effective long-term weight loss. My research process consisted of first investigating two of the most popular diets that I am familiar with from the media as well as from the experiences of several friends and acquaintances. I selected The Atkins Diet and the Slim-Fast Diet because both of them have been widely followed and are considerably successful from their perspectives.

To compare the information provided by the two official websites of those programs, the second phase of my research consisted of a review of two authoritative websites maintained by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the National Institutes of Health. The third phase of my research consisted of a search…. [read more]

Marketing of Atkins Diet Products Term Paper

… Atkins New Diet Revolution) This is because, according to a recent update on the Atkins diet, of the fact that if there is more protein in a person's diet; he will end up losing more calcium, through his urine. (Is the Atkins Diet bad for your bones?)

II. When was Atkins Introduced into USA

It was in the year 1972 that the first edition of the book, 'Dr. Atkins' Diet Revolution' was introduced. The book 'Dr. Atkins' Super Energy Diet' was introduced in 1977, and these two books together managed to create a revolution of sorts, resulting in a 'low-carb mania' that led millions of Americans on the chase for the elusive formula that had been evading them for the past many years. With these…. [read more]

Synopsis of Major Diets to Lose Weight Creative Writing

… Popular Diets

In contemporary society, one of the most visible issues facing Americans, and indeed, most of the developed world, is obesity and the link between diet and health. Medical doctors, scholars, researchers are all in agreement that there is a complete link between what we eat and drink, and the consequences to our overall health. One need only look in the newspaper, magazines, grocery store aisles, or pop-up ads to see thousands of ads for diet pills, diet aids, etc. -- one need only look at the increasing demographic of vitamin and supplement stores and offerings to see that American's are rabid for something to bring quick results and better health (Fumento, 1998). Are there negatives to healthful eating? Certainly none that are medical…. [read more]

High-Protein Diets and Colon Cancer Research Paper

… 001) reductions in fecal butyrate concentrations for the HPMC and HPLC diets, respectively. The reduction in butyrate concentrations would force epithelial cells to use alternate sources of energy, and lower the anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative, anti-apoptotic, and anti-neoplastic activities normally present in a carbohydrate-balanced diet.

N-nitroso compound concentrations in fecal matter were increased by 3.6- (p < 0.001) and 5.4-fold (p < 0.001) for the HPMC and HPLC diets, respectively, as was the pH of the fecal-extracted water. These diet-induced changes suggest that high-protein low-carbohydrate diets increase the prevalence of compounds linked to colon cancer. Subjecting fecal extracts to high performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry produced a large amount of information. Overall, the most significant findings were a significant decrease in plant-derived indoles and phenolic compounds…. [read more]

Atkins Diet America Term Paper

… 5 mg, 1.7 mg and 20 mg respectively. [Healthnotes INC] Atkins dieters derive these and other minerals from the prescribed multivitamin supplement 'Basic #3 Formula'. It is to be noted that the Atkins diet program is not self-sufficient and hence the dependence of supplementary vitamin dosages is a life long necessity.

Atkins Program strongly recommends regular aerobic exercises (5 times a week) as a general rule. Weight bearing exercises are also indicated to strengthen the bones and improve the muscle tone. Since chances of cholesterol buildup are a bit higher in the Atkins diet, regular aerobic and weight bearing exercises are part of the diet regimen. The recommended plan is to start with aerobic exercises and include weight training later on once the endurance level…. [read more]

Diet and Exercise Term Paper

… ¶ … diet and exercise. There are sixteen references used for this paper.

Americans are becoming more and more obese, which can lead to serious and potentially fatal health risks. It is important to explore diets and the role that exercise plays in them, as well as how age affects a person's metabolism.

Understanding Diet

Diet is "food and drink regularly consumed for nourishment. Nutritionists generally recommend eating a wide variety of foods; however, some groups of people, such as Eskimos and vegetarians, survive on a very limited diet (Unknown, Columbia)."

Until refrigeration was developed, availability was the factor which decided most people's diets. Diets were dependant upon growing seasons and the migrations of animals. Culture and religion also played an important part in an…. [read more]

Health and Quality Improvement Term Paper

… I have seen programs based on dancing, kickboxing, yoga, Pilates, and intensive aerobic workouts.

Since I am out of shape and have little free time, I think I should choose a program that is not too long and starts out slowly, building up as I become more fit. I will look for a program that is 30 minutes or so, and has different options for me as I progress through the program, something like the "Power Half Hour" workout I researched online. I think the best way to check these out is to rent a few from a video store, and then choose the one I like the best. It also needs to utilize the basic principles of beneficial exercise. Another author notes, "In order…. [read more]

Weight Watchers Diet System Term Paper

… (Alexander et al.)

The Adkins Diet Plan

Another popular diet trend today is the Adkins Diet, which is vastly different from the Weight Watchers system. This diet plan was founded in 1972 by the now deceased Dr. Robert Atkins, who was a cardiologist and businessman. Atkins developed his diet plan though personal experience losing weight after seeing a photograph of himself in the 1960's which revealed the weight he had gained since his undergraduate college days. His focus in the plan is based on his concern that while people will lose weight and feel fine after dieting in the traditional low-calorie and low-fat methods, these people have decades more to live and will feel hungry for the rest of their lives if they stick to…. [read more]

Diabetes Mellitus Is a Metabolic Disorder Term Paper

… Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder marked by hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar levels.

There are three main forms of this illness, each with similar signs, symptoms, and consequences. However, they have different causes and affect different populations. In all cases, tough, the primary cause is that the pancreatic beta cells that produce insulin are unable to produce sufficient insulin, leading to hyperglycemia. There are various treatments for diabetes that reduce the symptoms, but there is no cure. Higher blood sugar in the body can have a number of other detrimental health consequences that affect the sufferer.

Improving control is a primary goal for sufferers and their doctors. There is no cure, as noted, and so controlling blood sugar is the way that the deleterious…. [read more]

Eating for Good Health Term Paper

… The second phase is called ongoing weight loss and this continues until the dieter has reached within 5-10 pounds of their desired weight. In this phase of the plan, carbohydrate intake is increased by 5 grams a week and in the order suggested in the diet plan. In the third phase, pre-maintenance, carbohydrate intake is increased by 10 grams a week and once again in the order laid down by the plan. In the final phase, lifetime maintenance, dieters learn to control their eating and maintain weight for life. This means a lifetime of following a similar regime as the dieter did throughout the plan, counting carbohydrates and sticking to a diet rich in fats and proteins.

A low-carbohydrate diet such as Atkins must be…. [read more]

Cholesterol & Hypercholesterolemia Treatment Thesis

… Those with abnormal levels (total cholesterol more than 200 mg/dL or HDL less than 40 mg/dL), will go on to have a test called fasting lipid profile (in which the person being tested refrains from eating for 8 to 12 hours, usually overnight, prior to the test) (Anderson et al., 2001). The fasting test will indicate whether or not total cholesterol levels fall within the normal range (between 140 and 200 mg/dL), are moderately high (between 200 and 240 mg/dL), or if they are in the very high range (240 mg/dL or greater) (Anderson et al., 2001). This blood test also reveals the levels of LDL, HDL, and triglycerides; according to guidelines released by the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP), the optimal level for LDL…. [read more]

Nutrition Physical Activity and Obesity Nexus Research Paper

… Nutrition, Obesity, And Physical Activity Nexus

The population of the United States is a much less healthy and fit than their preceding generations. Once the healthiest of modern societies, the U.S. has fallen below dozens of other nations in measures of the health of populations, including some countries whose progress into modernity was largely funded by the U.S. throughout the second half of the 20th century. Conversely, objective measurements of public health have declined in the U.S.

The British Healthcare system in Britain (in particular), has demonstrated that one of the most glaring weaknesses in the American healthcare system is the failure to appreciate the value of preventative care. Physicians and health insurance companies treat conditions mainly in relative isolation and frequently, only after they…. [read more]

Promoting Cardiovascular Health Thesis

… Cardiovascular Health

A nurse with ambition might wish to peruse the latest literature concerning how to assist patients in regards to promoting cardiovascular health. By doing so, the nurse would not only be helping the patients by showing them how to live healthy lives, but would likely be more successful in achieving those ambitions as well. This is certainly true if considered from an administrator's perspective since it seems a foregone conclusion that most administrators are much more likely to promote those individuals who show a caring attitude towards their patients than those who don't. Even if that were not true, many nurses enter the field because they have an ingrained belief that they might be able to help those who are sick and afflicted,…. [read more]

Type II Diabetes Prevention in the Adult Population Research Proposal

… Type II Diabetes Prevention

While modern lifestyles and medical care have certainly improved the longevity of humans in the developed world, and contributed to a greater quality of life scenario, those same lifestyles have engendered a number of issues that contribute to disease. Lack of proper diet, fast food, high fat and carbohydrate diets without adequate fruits and vegetables, lack of exercise, smoking and alcohol contribute to an epidemic of obesity which, in turn, contributes to a serious metabolic disorder called Diabetes Mellitus Type 2. While not managed by insulin injections, it is nevertheless quite serious and has a number of progressing symptoms that, if not treated properly, can result in cardiovascular, renal and neurological problems, as well as amputation, ocular issues, and even cognitive…. [read more]

Evidence-Based Practice Essay

… Evidence-Based Practice

Faith MS, Van Horn L, Appel LJ, Burke LE, Carson JAS, Franch HA, Jakicic JM, Kral TVE, Odoms-Young a, Wansink B,


Rosett J (2012). Parents as Agents of Change for Obese Children. Retrieved Sepetmeber 5, 20120 from:

Date (year)

Review of the Literature

Specific data analysis

Suggested Conclusions

Faith MS, Van Horn L, Appel LJ, Burke LE, Carson JAS, Franch HA, Jakicic JM, Kral TVE, Odoms-Young a, Wansink B, Wylie-Rosett J

Official Journal of the American Heart Association

Environment as an important influence on a child's health and whether or not the child becomes obese: parents has a huge influence on that environment.

Consults a range of literature which support the idea that the family unit has a tremendous impact on…. [read more]

Obesity Among Adolescent Girls in Saudi Arabia 14 18 Aged Essay

… Saudi Arabia Obesity: Adolescent Girls

Obesity is one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century. Although the patterns of obesity differ between developing and developed countries, obesity rates are generally on the increase worldwide. According to Speiser, et al. (2005), 250 million people, literally 7% of the world's current population is obese. In Canada, 40 to 60% of the population is obese while in the United States over 65% are obese and around 65% of the American population falling under this category (The Toronto Sun, 2011). The situation is not different in the Middle East, Saudi Arabia. Elser Baxter (2010) indicated that more than half of the Saudi adults are obese with 34% being the middle aged males while 45% being…. [read more]

Sweet Grass Cheese's Development and Growth Term Paper

… ¶ … Sweet Grass cheese's development and growth over the years, focusing on planned and unplanned occurrences that grew their business. In addition, it discusses challenges and opportunities that they, and other small businesses, have to face. Lastly, the future challenges of Sweet Grass is discussed.

Handcrafted Cheese from Georgia?

Sweet Grass Cheese's Development From the Early Days to Today:

Desiree Whener didn't start out to become one of America's finest cheese makers; she simply evolved into the position. Wehner and her husband had started off with an interest in veterinary sciences that led them to the management of several large dairy operations. They tired of this type of dairy business where the cattle rarely spent time in their more natural pastures, and instead decided…. [read more]

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Research Paper

… Result of the intervention (level of success)

The intervention proved to be exceedingly effective with regard to affecting the desired outcome of increasing exercise activity as a function of CBT to enhance and enable weight loss. Initial treatment proved to be most effective, with the highest percentage gain in exercise time from its baseline of A1 when compared to the A2 baseline and the second intervention as exhibited by B2.

CBT facilitated the appropriate intervention to enable the commencement of physical activity. The resulting data proves that motivation is the underlying causal variable that either empowers or demotivates one from breaking through the 'wall' of fatigue and mental distress to reach the pinnacle of exercise rigor.

Discussion of Intervention

Indeed, the intervention did prove to…. [read more]

Mustalahti, K., ). Gluten-Free Research Paper

… In untreated CD, the most important factors that influence individual perception of health are the lessening of symptoms and being able to eat a normal diet. For all patients with physical or psychological symptoms, there were vast improvements using a GF diet. This research focused more on quality of life issues that were standardized based on a Health-Related Quality of Life and GIQLI (Gastrointestinal Quality of Life) index system. Because of these standardized scales and the number of responses, the data is more appropriately extrapolated.

Ciacci, C., (2002). Psychological Dimensions of Celiac Disease. Digestive Diseases and Science. 47 (9): 2082-87.

Many diagnosed with celiac disease also report critical emotional issues the longer they live with the disorder. Many find that there is continual fear…. [read more]

Health and Wellness Foods Term Paper

… This has led to a large number of acquisitions of the small and mid-sized companies by the large companies, as this is expected to become profitable in the future. Among them the biggest is probably the $20.3 billion acquisition of Best Foods by Unilever, and the acquisition of Nabisco for $14.9 billion by Philip Morris. This is because the growth among the giants in this business has not been remarkable to say the least.

According to experts in the business, the organic and natural food products are expected to provide sales with values of over $60 billions during the last year. The speed of growth is also very high as the segment is growing by about 13% per year on base sales of $26 billion…. [read more]

Obesity in America Introduction to Obesity Causes Term Paper

… Obesity in America

Introduction to Obesity

Causes and Effects of Obesity

Treatment and Programs for Obesity

Obesity Prevention: Conclusions and Recommendations


Introduction to Obesity

While it is common knowledge that many Americans are overweight, many people are surprised to hear that the number of people who are severely obese (at least 100 pounds overweight) has quadrupled since 1986, according to research (Gilles, 2003). Approximately one in every 50 adults is severely overweight. Results of a recent report indicate that severe obesity is not as rare as once believed.

Obese people have a high risk of heart disease (Texas Heart Institute, 2004). This is alarming when we consider than one-third of all Americans is obese. Recent studies have shown that obesity is linked to 280,000…. [read more]

Mediterranean Cuisine Term Paper

… ¶ … nutrition especially in the treatment of obesity. Specifically it will discuss the Mediterranean cuisine and its benefits in controlling weight. For the past two to three decades, food writers and nutritionists have been touting the benefits of a Mediterranean diet. Technically, this cuisine stretches from the shores of Morocco and the Middle East to North Africa and Southern Europe, but when most people discuss Mediterranean cuisine, they are referring to the cuisines of Italy, France, and Spain. Studies indicate Mediterranean cuisine is a healthy diet that contains many of the vitamins and nutrients that help us live longer, healthier lives.

The Mediterranean diet of southern Europe is high in many items that many scientists and researchers believe help maintain heart health and a…. [read more]

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