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Realism and the End of the Cold War Seminar Paper

… Realism and the End of the Cold War

The field of international relations has always been dominated by one theory or another that tried to explain, through different mechanisms and concepts, the evolution of the international affairs.

Realism was one of the theories that tried to best characterize the period of the Cold War and especially the bipolar relation between the West and the East, which is between the United States and the Soviet Union. After the fall of the U.S.S.R. At the beginning of the 1990s, it was considered that the realist theory of international relations did not grasp sufficiently accurate the power relations between the two important players and was not able to predict the fall of communism and the end of the…. [read more]


Security - Agip Kazakhstan North Caspian Operating Term Paper

… Security - Agip Kazakhstan North Caspian Operating Company N.V. (Agip KCO)

Agip Kazakhstan North Caspian Operating Company N.V. (Agip KCO) is the single operator of the North Caspian Sea Production Sharing Agreement (PSA), which controls the development of 11 blocks in the Kazakhstan sector of the Caspian Sea. This region contains the giant field of Kashagan, the largest oilfield identified in the North Caspian Sea PSA contract area and widely considered to be the most important new oil discovery of the last thirty years worldwide. Agip KCO, a company fully owned by Eni S.p.A., operates on behalf of a consortium of seven international oil companies, including ConocoPhillips, Eni, ExxonMobil, INPEX, KazMunayGas, Shell and Total.

Agip KCO is committed to working towards the security and protection…. [read more]


Chinese Acquisition of Nuclear Weapon Research Paper

… ¶ … Chinese acquisition of nuclear weapon, which may cause national security threats against the United States, is a matter of much concern. The research addresses the following research question:

What are the national security reasons for the U.S. involvement and political strategy in discouraging the implosion of a nuclear war with China?

The research question is important to address because recent Chinese modernization of nuclear weapons may lead to act of aggression on the United States. With potential destructive nature of nuclear weapons, it is critical for the U.S. To formulate appropriate foreign policy in discouraging the implosion of nuclear war with China since U.S.-China relations have been cordial in the recent years. More importantly, the research question is important to address because of…. [read more]


International Community to Know Research Paper

… The Libyan affairs have put a serious question mark on the United Nations and the role that they are playing. United Nations intervened in the local state of affairs of the country which is not in their jurisdiction. This has had an impact on the global politics and that has changed the face of international relations specially the relations of under developed nations with the stronger nations. The Libyan movement has challenged the credibility on the United Nations. The United Nations Security Council stepped in and seized all the assets of Gaddafi and had forward the case to the International Criminal Court for further investigation. On the 20th October Gaddafi was captured while he was escaping from Sirte and was killed in the process. The…. [read more]


Justice and Security Free Balance Essay

… Changes in technology and mass communication with the effects these have on the justice and security areas

Issues involving individual's rights and the needs of the justice system when maintaining order and public safety have been a controversial topic for many years. The Constitution has many who think it should be written to today's requirements in the world. The First Amendment is one of the hardest hit when it comes to public safety and individual's rights. When a person is out protesting, they could cause a riot due to the words they say. The two topics that this happens with are religion and abortion. Many street preachers who will say the God's words to any who will listen and many do not want to listen…. [read more]


Which Approach to the Study of Security Realism or Critical Essay

… International Security

With the end of the Cold War and bipolar global order, an "international community," as portrayed by increased transnational cooperation and globalization has evolved. However, the integrity of this community depends on the actions of each individual member. Prior to 1989, the two great powers of the world, the United States and Soviet Union, countered each other creating a balance of power. This, in turn, polarized other states that fell under each respective power's umbrella of security and economic stability. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, however, the power of the United States led to hegemonic stability. During the Cold War, the United States used "national security" as justification for its actions in the international arena. National security was used by internationalists…. [read more]


Interventionism From the Perspective Case Study

… These studies serve as the foundation for this present analysis.

Other studies have shown that foreign military intervention can easily be conducted even if they are in violation of the United Nations charter and lack authorization of the Security Council (Cassese 1999). This shows that countries can and do act on their own in engaging in interventionism. The motives for doing so are what this study plans to investigate.

A number of Western countries support humanitarian interventionism but they have not yet intervened in Syria. The reality behind humanitarian interventionism is that there are clear political, geopolitical, and economical consequences to every foreign intervention. Intervention is not merely a humanitarian crusade but rather a highly explosive affair that can cripple countries' infrastructures and have global…. [read more]


Conflict and Security Term Paper

… Conflict and Security

International relations has always been an arena of conflicting theories and hypotheses; the existence of many political systems and various ideas regarding how nations should behave is a testament to the eternal nature of the questions concerning the best forms of governance. Since the ancient Greek philosophers right up through the twenty-first century, political scientists, philosophers, and laymen alike have theorized about the most effective and just form of international relations, the ways that states interact with one another.

The liberal and realist schools of thought have been seemingly opposing viewpoints for centuries; the liberal interest individual rights and an international focus on compromise and cooperation as opposed to the realist idea of self-preservation for the nation-state at any cost, even one…. [read more]


Empiricism According to Some Social Scientists Term Paper

… Empiricism

According to some social scientists, empiricism is the only truly scientific basis for social science research. This assertion is made with the purpose of understanding that empiricism does not rely on reason as its guiding principle but instead relies upon direct observation of phenomena as it occurs in nature. Some argue that the natural sciences and the social sciences are distinctly different, in content and therefore require differing scientific theories to develop realistic concepts to explain phenomena, while others argue that the natural laws, can be applied to both the social and natural worlds, and therefore such discovery cannot be eliminated as "unscientific."

One of the foundational members of the empiricist school of though was Hume, who argued that one cannot derive cause and…. [read more]


Clinical Education Essay

… (Condlin, nd, p.321) According to Condlin, the central feature of this process and it conscious use "both in theory and practice, of the dynamics of role adjustment." (nd, p.321) This process is reported to generate "a number of epistemological and motivational consequences of enormous importance" and as well, the process of role adjustment additionally "triggers a need to know and justify." (Condlin, nd, p.321)

The New York State Judicial Institute Partners in Justice in their "Colloquium on Developing Collaborations Among Courts, Law School Clinical Programs and the Practicing Bar reports that the earliest forms of clinical legal education was such that "…embraced the dual goals of hands-on training in lawyering skills and provision of access to justice for traditionally unrepresented clients." (Condlin, nd, p.321) In…. [read more]


Rise of China Case Study

… S.-China policy that will see the two countries cooperate with each other. The theory basically views cooperation as form of socio-cultural interaction in which matters of reality are commonly understood and national interest are redefined leading to development of a common identity. Consequently those optimistic about constructivism theory are of the view that economic development in China will result into adaption of new socio-cultural norms and softening of socio-cultural identities that earlier existed, this will have a positive impact on China's democracy (Ross, et al. 2008, p336).

Liberalism theory in relation to a 'cooperative' U.S.-China policy

Liberalism theory is against a U.S. policy that seeks cooperation with China arguing that such a policy that will also aim at bringing democracy to China won't succeed as…. [read more]


Theory and Grand Strategy Essay

… ¶ … Grand Strategy

Liberalism and how it sheds light on the American grand strategy as applied to the world war

The theoretical aspects of realism, liberalism and constructivism exemplify a political undertaking that considers the idea of liberty and equality among people in the society. The general aspect of liberalism is realized when there is a confirmed state of liberty and equality in the country. This theory of politics takes much consideration of the fact that it is very important to have all the major avenues of leadership and governance within the states in the social stratifications. For instance, it has been explored that the occurrence of the American grand strategy has its roots dated to the evolution and functionalism of the liberal state.…. [read more]


Nature of Terrorism Today Research Paper

… This situation is due in large part to the unfathomable but powerful forces represented by religious extremists who believe in their heart of hearts that America is the source of all of their problems and these problems will not go away as long as the United States and its democratic ideology exists as a superpower. Certainly, it would be unreasonable to suggest the America is responsible for taking care of the entire world, but those who are bent on destroying the U.S. apparently share some grievances that must be faced. As Tidd and Morton conclude (2017), 'Uneven prevention, management, and response capabilities in the region--coupled with underlying challenges such as poverty and weak governance--amplify the impact of disasters, extend human suffering, and exacerbate existing developmental…. [read more]


History of Events Term Paper

… The United States has a stake in the region. The protection of South Korea and Japan, both of whom would be drawn into a nuclear conflict, is important. From a strategic standpoint, the U.S. military presence in the region is important because it can keep an eye on the Chinese.

The U.S. press often bandies the India-Pakistan conflict, though because of Afghanistan and Iraq it has not made the news. In the coming future, the region of Indian Kashmir will eventually attain independent statehood. Though it is a political football that will be tossed around for a few more years. The European Union will grow stronger to counter American strength. Though one can safely concur that the EU will be strategic partners. Some of the…. [read more]


Risk Management in Hedge Funds Dissertation

… To become shrewd to reach total reappearance of the location instructions of hedge funds which are less controlled than those of mutual funds. Ever since hedge funds are less controlled likened to mutual funds, this stresses that the hedge fund directors own superior info that about the marketplace and the obtainable advantage lessons than the even fund directors (Cottier, 2000). Because of the assignments instructions being freer, the hedge funds will be more reliant on a liquid market, where both buyers and sellars that are ready to purchase and sell at fair market value (Ineichen,2003).

Figure 2: Kinds of investment vehicles are investors looking at.

The hedge fund business began to rise in sometime around the mid-sixties when Fortune magazine tinted this new financial vehicle…. [read more]


Indian Foreign Policy and Security Essay

… Indian Foreign Policy -- When Will it Emerge?

Harsh V. Pant: Contemporary Debates in Indian Foreign and Security Policy

Rajiv Sikri: Challenge and Strategy: Rethinking India's Foreign Policy

As India continues to emerge as an important player in international power circles -- and has entered into a provocative nuclear deal with the United States

there is a commensurate growth of scholarship with reference to India's foreign policy future. India's future may be based on its part in the "strategic triangle"

(India, Russia, China) which could create a counterbalance to the sometimes bullying tactics of the fading superpower, the U.S. Which way will India lean?

In reading the two books by the authors noted above, a series of pertinent questions emerge. To wit, What is the…. [read more]


Russian-u.S. Relations Surrounding Syria Today Summarize Journal

… Russian-U.S. Relations Surrounding Syria Today

Summarize how the following case would be explained by a) an offensive realist, b) a defensive realist, and c) a classic realist: Russian-U.S. relations surrounding Syria today.

An offensive realist would claim that Americans prefer Assad dead so that the powers of Iran would be lessened. From this perspective, Syria appears to be the only existing nation enjoying close ties with the Arab world. As much as Iran is of strategic importance, Syria is important, as well. In previous years, the U.S. has imposed foreign policies demanding power balance between Iran and Iraq. Iraq has ceased to be a factor leaving Iran to emerge as the regional leader. Geopolitics of power balance is seeking power balance to deter Iran from…. [read more]


Abstract Expressionist Painting Artistic Research Paper

… [8: Ibid. ]

The following piece is an excellent example of Rothko's reductionist forms. The piece is entitied "White, Red on Yellow" and is an excellent example of reductivism and the use of color to create a dramatic impact. It is a simplistic looking painting upon first glance. However, these paintings were not meant to be viewed in passing. One is supposed to sit and contemplate them, to see if an emotion arose As the viewer continues to gaze at the painting, they begin to notice the fabulous subtelties of the painting that are not apparent at first glance or if the painting is viewed from far away. One begins to notice tha the top square is not white, but is instead muted tones of…. [read more]


Postmodern Lit. An Analysis Term Paper

… In either case, there is some of him in us, and some of us in him -- in short, we must wonder whether we in all our humanity do not contain something of the angelic form in us. We might call it a soul, perhaps?

By treating of the supernatural as though it were real and commonplace -- Marquez introduces a theme of hierarchical nature (which implicitly associates selflessness with love and a higher order). But this theme is met at the same time with selfishness on the part of the people. The two worlds -- one of transcendental virtue (of which the "angel" shows one -- "patience" (Marquez, 1968, p. 4) -- and one of pure self-interest, exercised by Elisenda, who charges the crowds…. [read more]


Intelligence Counter-Terrorism Protection Literature Review

… Intelligence & Counterterrorism

The intelligence community and the changes in counterterrorism tactics in the past decade have been outstanding examples of fundamental change in both the direction and the mindset of America's defensive forces. Several journal outlets have shaped the value of these strategies since the September 11th attacks, and academics and private individuals alike have had valuable input through the last decade in the arena of intelligence, counterterrorism, and protection in their suggestions and critiques published in the journals International Security, Foreign Affairs, and the Middle East Journal. These three journals each have their own audiences, writers, editorial boards, biases, and agendas, which will allow for the analysis of different research methodologies and conclusions based on varying audiences and establishments.

In Thomas Hegghammer's, 'The…. [read more]


Realist Theory of International Relations Term Paper

… ¶ … realist theory of international relations is considered to be one of the most important paradigms of international politics. Developed under the pressure of the idealist conceptions on politics and foreign affairs, the realist beliefs represented the cornerstone of the political analysis of the Cold War period. It has been argued however that the lack of flexibility that describes its paradigms has made it incapable of foreseeing the end of the bipolar world and the demise of the Soviet Union. Nonetheless, despite its limitation, it can be argued that its perceptions maintain their validity in describing the world today. Although there are particular elements that are inconsistent with the nature of today's politics, the general framework it presents points out the most important aspects…. [read more]


Inter-Parliamentary Union and Its Role in Enhancing International Law Term Paper

… Inter-Parliamentary Union and Its Role in Enhancing International Law

Legal Status of the Inter-Parliamentary Union

The Development of the International Institutions

The Public International Unions

The Private International Unions

Historical background of the IPU

Brief Overview of the IPU Statutes (Assemblies and Committees, Members,

Functions, Goals and Activities)

The Relationship between the IPU and the United Nations

Beneficial Cooperation between the IPU and the United Nations (Common

Goals, Agenda and Concerns)

The Importance of the Recognition of the IPU Contribution

The Role the IPU Played in Implementing Decisions taken by the Assembly of the United Nations and the Implementation of the Millennium Development

Goals

The UN as a Framework of International Machinery for the Peaceful

Settlement of Disputes

What Role can the IPU Play in…. [read more]


Rick Houser's Book Counseling Questionnaire

… They are men who have improved and consummated their physical, mental, spiritual, and psychic organizations to the extreme conceivable degree. With the vision they have picked up, have contemplated, and recorded the accurate Science of the Universe. In fact, present-day science tries to get closer and closer to this Knowledge. However, that Knowledge as of recently exists. It gave us a chance to recall that that this aged Knowledge can never show signs of change any more than immaculate math can change, in any event for our present earth-cycle. Current science must be judged with all considerations of Theosophy and not the other way round because science changes with time while Theosophy like everlasting truth is constant.

What is of true worth to us is…. [read more]


Is Genetic Engineering a Solution to the Food Security Problem in Developing Countries? Term Paper

… Genetic Engineering of Food

"Protagonists argue that genetic engineering entails a more controlled transfer of genes because the transfer is limited to a single gene, or just a few selected genes, whereas traditional breeding risks transferring unwanted genes together with the desired ones. Against that advantage, antagonists argue that the side effects in terms of potentially adverse impacts on the environment and human health are unknown…" (Neilsen, et al., 2000)

Genetically Modified food (GM) has been controversial since it first appeared on the agricultural scene several decades ago. While the corporations that produce GM seeds and foods -- notably Monsanto, the giant international corporation -- assert through myriad public relations strategies and studies that these genetically manipulated products are safe, serious questions remain. Monsanto, in…. [read more]


Public Administration in the Portuguese Essay

… At the beginning, the core concern was to generate efficiency within the current public structures. Avoiding the dysfunctional of the model became imperative. In the phase that followed, the concept of market became a strong issue of concept, as it was the base for the managerial Nation. Therefore, the state abandoned execution and planning and transformed into a posteriori regulating the behavior of key actors. This strategy influenced the reforms in the State, including areas of crucial sovereign positions such as prisons, police and justice (Raadschelders, 2008).

The new development in governance and public administration roots from the evolution and adoption of managerial central concepts. In fact, privatizations, downsizing, restructuring, and private-public partnerships have been modern phenomena, which have raised complex and countless ethical doubts.…. [read more]


Women in the United States Essay

… Regarding the geographic location, some of the study will be conducted through the Internet. The face-to-face interview will however, take place in areas characterized by a higher density of the studied group.

The information collected and analyzed in this study can be considered an important basis for social change. The aspects addressed by the research project can produce effects on a national level such as the investment proportion by the Baby Boomers and the amount of financial control they have on the economy. The lifestyle of these individuals and their households is affected by their retirement decisions. The way they handle their retirement plans is likely to influence similar plans for other generations.

Nature of the Study

Since the content to be investigated in this…. [read more]


International Relations Theory and United Essay

… As an external party, the United Nations has become one of the most evident forms of intervention in violent conflicts as the international level.

Actually, among the current external or third parties, the United Nations has a special place at the international level because of its mission of being the magnificent guardian of international security and peace (Yilmaz, 2005, p.14). Consequently, conflicting parties tend to usually expect more from the United Nations than the other third-parties, which may have necessary resources to exploit the conflict.

Since the international relations theory goes beyond the maintenance of pace and reducing the possibility of war, it explains UN contribution to peace as third-party intervention. This is largely because UN peacekeeping goes beyond the mere coping with physical violence…. [read more]


International Political Economy Term Paper

… The individual can endeavor in whatever way he sees fit. This freedom allows individuals to compete with others and establish industries or economies.(Razeen, 1998

With this understood liberalism is different from realism because it has several presuppositions. The primary presupposition is the belief that when given the freedom and the structure the individual will make choices that will provide economic benefit not only to himself but to the entire society in which he lives. This belief is based on the idea that human beings have a natural propensity to create businesses that provide goods and services so long as they are in an environment that gives them the appropriate amount of freedom. In many ways liberalism is a more abstract theory than realism mainly because…. [read more]


Crisis in Ukraine Essay

… S. are solidly realist, and have responded in line with that, the EU has always been a quintessentially liberal organization. Tang (2008) notes that liberalism falls into a non-realist point-of-view that holds cooperation in high regard, and argues that states cannot assume the worst of each other -- that the world is not a zero-sum competition. This offers an explanation for EU inaction -- it feels that Russia does not intend to pursue significant annexations beyond this point, and that cooperation is ideal because it will defuse the conflict and avoid the worst-case scenario (The Nation, 2014). The realist view blames EU dependence on Russia's gas for its inaction, but the liberalist view points out that the EU is predisposed to cooperation, especially since open…. [read more]


Plays of British Dramatist, Pam Gems Dissertation

… Edith once engages two marines she meets in a pub in a menage a trois; it is possible, that the bartender formed the fourth of this group. There is no indication that Edith is particularly gifted in the art of making love. She just makes her self available as a willing sexual partner. Except with Marcel Cedran, the married boxer, Edith manages to dissociate physical pleasure from any emotional foundations. With Marcel, Edith is truly in love. But this union is not to be. Anecdotes abound, that Edith's jealous sister informs Marcel's wife of her husband's "philandering." Edith's sexual proclivities and escapades are not a manifestation of her femaleness. Her sexual nature transcends gender. It is a flaw in most superstars. In Edith's case, particularly,…. [read more]

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