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Legalizing Prostitution in the U.S Essay

… Regulation rather than prohibition also makes the environment safer for both the sex worker and the customer. One of the biggest arguments against prostitution is the fear of spreading STDs. Opponents propagate that by banning prostitution these diseases can be controlled. As already established there is little evidence that illegalization reduces prostitution. In such a scenario a more effective policy would be to legalize and regulate the environment in which these sex workers operate. In Netherlands's for example regular medical checks are mandatory for renewal of licenses for an individual sex worker and brothels. Compare this situation with the U.S.A. where the sex workers shirk health visits afraid of being found out by a doctor. The harm of this is that sexually transmitted diseases are…. [read more]


Marijuana Research Paper

… The fact cannot be isolated that the government and state has no authority to exercise their rights on the individuals but the authority of the state is to prevent the actions taken by individuals that can endanger others. Since the usage of marijuana is concerned the discretion to use it or not to use it is on the independent preference of that individual. The role and the responsibility of the state is also to ensure that the individuals are making decision and preferences that are not endangering them, this justifies the state's intervention to restrict and illegalize the usage of marijuana. But the stance further solidifies that the effects and health consequences of marijuana usage are lesser as compared to many legally consumed drugs in…. [read more]


Editorial on Legalization of Marijuana Article

… Legalizing Marijuana

In this era of spiraling medical costs, if there is a product that has never caused any deaths, has proven benefits, and is inexpensive, it should not only be legal, but should be aggressively pursued by governmental agencies to aid in the health care crisis. Would you be interested in a substance that could alleviate nausea and vomiting for most cancer and chemotherapy patients? How about a way to stimulate hunger so that AIDS and other immune-suppressed individuals can eat again? How about this same substance that could lower pressure on the eye and treat glaucoma? How about chronic migraines, back pain, or even nausea and vomiting cased with hepatitis? and, would you be excited if you knew that preliminary studies show that…. [read more]


United States Government Has Been Engaged Research Paper

… ¶ … United States government has been engaged in what has been characterized as a "War on Drugs" for several decades (Suddath, 2009). Yet, as the violence surrounding the production and sale of drugs increases in locations such Mexico and Brazil an International Global Commission on Drug Policy has concluded that the United States' war on drugs is not working (Global Commission on Drug Policy). The Commission went even further by insisting that the United States and other nations involved in the war on drugs engage themselves in frank discussions regarding the issue and to consider legalizing certain drugs such as marijuana. Unfortunately, even if the United States would consider the Commission's recommendations, drug laws in the United States are primarily the province of the…. [read more]


Marijuana Legalization Debate Term Paper

… Marijuana in the 21st Century

The purpose of this paper is to objectively define the various criterions that make up each side in the marijuana legalization debate and conclude which arguments hold the most veracity. To give the reader of this paper a concise view of individual criterions, both sides of the issue will each receive a paragraph's worth of attention, with the pro-legalization paragraph immediately preceding the anti-legalization paragraph. Let us begin by defining the term legalization as it pertains to marijuana use.

Legalization is defined as a policy abolishing criminal and civil penalties for the possession or sale of marijuana (Boyd 1). Instead these penalties will be replaced with regulation. Such regulation are inclusive of limitations on marijuana use that are consistent with…. [read more]


Marijuana Should Be Legalized Term Paper

… The discussion that is focused on fear, emotion and what we cannot do needs to be replaced by a discussion based on facts, evidence and unlocking the power of what is possible. We can have a better policy, and that starts by making sure that more people are educated about the true nature of the issue, and why they should care. You do not have to be a smoker to care about personal freedom or about efficient use of tax dollars -- those are base issues all reasonable people can agree on. So when the topic comes up, you must take the only reasonable position and advocate for the end of marijuana prohibition.

References

Chaloupka, F. & Laixuthai, A. (1997). Do youths substitute alcohol and…. [read more]


Civil Society Through Legalize Marijuana Term Paper

… From 1972 -- 1974, Amorphia began to founder, reportedly due to "trying to develop the first hemp rolling papers for U.S. distribution, a proposition that eventually swallowed up all available funds and sent Amorphia's legalization activities into a tailspin" (Sinclair, 2010). As Amorphia was failing, NORML was gathering strength, and in 1973 California NORML successfully lobbied for passage of the Moscone Act, eventually passed in 1975, and "decriminalizing" marijuana possession by reducing the criminal offense of possessing marijuana from a felony to a misdemeanor and imposing a maximum fine of $100 for possession of up to 1 ounce (Sinclair, 2010). Meanwhile, Amorphia's fortunes continued to drop and the organization was defunct and/or swallowed up by NORML in 1974 (Sinclair, 2010). Nevertheless, encouraged by the Moscone…. [read more]


Legalization of Marijuana Essay

… By denying sick people the right to legally use beneficial medicine, more moral and ethical harm is being done. The legalization of marijuana will allow millions of individuals to live pain-free and stress-free lives.

Many other drugs on the market right now are plenty more harmful than marijuana. To begin with pot is considered a much safer drug than alcohol. There have been no documented deaths attributing cause solely to marijuana. About 37,000 people die annually as a direct result of alcohol poisoning -- not including those individuals that die because of driving drunk or as a result of another person driving drunk (YES on 64). There is no case of marijuana overdose ever recorded. Alcohol causes more damage to the body than marijuana ever…. [read more]


Why Marijuana Should Be Legalized in the U Research Paper

… Religion

The legalization of marijuana: Is the hysteria about the drug all smoke and no fire?

The 18th Amendment, which prohibited the use of alcohol, is now regarded dismal failure. Its one 'success' in changing American civic life was the way it solidified the grip of organized crime upon the nation's urban landscape. However, prohibition of drugs, including marijuana, remains the law of the land in America today. America has always emphasized more punitive approaches to drug enforcement, even in comparison with its Western European counterparts, which have tended to stress treatment and management of addiction as a disease. Because marijuana use is particularly common, a disproportionate number of individuals convicted for drug possession are marijuana users. Ironically, marijuana is also considered to be the…. [read more]


Marijuana Should Be Legalized Research Paper

… ¶ … marijuana should be legalized for medical use in the United States. Fourteen U.S. states have already approved the use of marijuana in treating a variety of medical conditions. Studies indicate that marijuana is beneficial in treating many different medical conditions, from HIV / AIDS to Alzheimer's disease, and harmful side effects that plague many other prescription drugs are at a minimum. Because of this and other compelling evidence, marijuana should be legalized for medical use in America.

The legalization of marijuana for medical use has been contentious for decades. More and more studies indicate it has many beneficial aspects, and the risks are not as great as many might think. Marijuana can lesson the pain of many severe illnesses, and it has been…. [read more]


Legalization of Marijuana: Benefits Essay

… Currently, the smuggling into America and foreign cultivation of the drug make it a highly profitable business opportunity that sends a substantially large amount of "dollars overseas in an underground economy while diverting funds from productive economic development" (High Times, 2014).

One thing is for sure; the proponents of marijuana illegalization, like any other rational American citizen, support the replacement of oil fuels with the more environmentally-friendly bio-fuels. What they intentionally fail to recognize is that hemp, a fundamental source of bio-fuel, stems from the cannabis plant, and that "the legalization of marijuana will greatly simplify the regulatory burden on prospective hemp cultivation in the United States" (High Times, 2014).

Research has proven that in comparison to marijuana, alcohol is much more harmful. Why then…. [read more]


Letter to Senator Bill Nelson on HR 2835 Medical Marijuana Term Paper

… Medicinal Marijuana

A Humanitarian Medical Bill: H.R. 2835: Medical Marijuana Patient Protection Act

To Senator Bill Nelson:

The disconnect between our federal marijuana policy and emergent data on the substance is problematic and senseless. Every year, countless individuals are incarcerated or plunged into legal difficulty and financial debt for the use of cannabis, a substance with few proven negative medical consequences, with no connection to acts of real criminality and even with the demonstration of several curative, medicinal or therapeutic properties. This disconnect would invoke the honorable Democratic representative, Congressman Barney Frank of Massachusetts to introduce H.R. 2835: Medical Marijuana Patient Protection Act to the 111th United States Senate. This legislative package represents a major step forward for the United States, which maintains an embarrassingly…. [read more]


Why Government Doesn't Legalize Drugs Term Paper

… ¶ … government doesn't legalize drugs?

The story of drug legalization is a very long one; it has practically started ever since their prohibition in the United States through the Harrison Act in 1914, especially because they had been legal in the 19th century: "For most of the century, opium, morphine, and cocaine were legally and cheaply available without a prescription at drugstores and grocery stores and through the mail. And yet, far from being marked by drug-crazed criminals and drug-paralyzed workers, that period was a time of unprecedented economic growth and productivity." Even though, this problem seems to have reached its edge nowadays, as some recent events have proven the side effects of the fight against drugs: a high crime rate having as main…. [read more]


Marijuana Legalization John S.) Term Paper

… Marijuana Legalization

John S.)

Why Marijuana Should be Legalized

Cultural Argument in Favor of Legalization

Marijuana is becoming more accepted in Western society, and it should become fully accepted. That is, marijuana should be legalized. Marijuana offers many benefits that completely dwarf the dangers. Marijuana offers uses across a broad range of categories from industrial uses, to medical uses, and recreational uses. It appears, however, that marijuana is illegal because of the simple fact that "a majority of Americans find marijuana morally offensive" (SoYouWannaKnow.com 2007). This is an unacceptable reason for the criminalization of such a valuable drug that is less dangerous than countless other drugs currently available to the public, including alcohol, poisons, and even over the counter painkillers.

The morality of marijuana must…. [read more]


Legalizing Marijuana Term Paper

… Legalizing Marijuana

There is presently much controversy regarding legalization of marijuana, as the number of supporters for the cause appears to grow concomitantly with the number of people opposing it. The former however have appeared to gain an advantage in the recent years, as society becomes more and more tolerant toward the concept. Not only does the general public has trouble when it comes to accepting marijuana as being something normal, but it (at least in the U.S.) is also reluctant to accept a series of factors related to the history of the cannabis plant. Considering the steady progress marijuana supporters have experienced recently, it is very likely that the substance will become legal in particular U.S. states in the near future.

Most people are…. [read more]


Should the US Government Legalize Marijuana? Research Proposal

… ¶ … U.S. government legalize marijuana?

The Legalization of Marijuana: Cost-Effective?

Marijuana use has been rampant in the United States for quite a while, and was just recently brought back into the spotlight with Olympic swimmer Michael Phelps caught using it. Marijuana was banned in a peculiar way in 1937. Marijuana usage was illegal if you did not purchase a tax stamp, but you could not obtain a stamp unless you had already produced marijuana -- which you grew before purchasing a stamp -- making it illegal. Many critics argue that marijuana should be legalized because a great amount of revenue could be made from taxation of the plant. Others argue that marijuana should stay illegal because it is a gateway drug leading its users…. [read more]


Legalizing Marijuana Was Declared Term Paper

… S. costs the tax payers as much as $12 billion annually; it also diverts the energies of the law enforcing agencies that would be better served in fighting the spiraling crime rates in the country's cities. This is reflected in the fact that there have been nearly 6.5 million marijuana arrests in the United States since 1993, far exceeding the total number of arrests for all violent crimes combined, including murder, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. ("Marijuana Prohibition Facts," 2004) Apart from the 'direct' estimated cost of $12 billion that would be saved by legalizing marijuana, the government would also be able to collect a considerable amount of money by way of taxes. Moreover, de-criminalizing of the drug would eliminate much of the underground criminal…. [read more]


Legalize Medical Marijuana Essay

… Marijuana

One of the more controversial issues in American politics today is the issue of marijuana legalization. There are many forms that this can take, ranging from decriminalization to medical legalization to recreational legalization. If the recreational debate is focused around issues like individual rights, the medical debate should be more straightforward, focused specifically on issues of medical efficacy. All drugs that are given approval by the FDA for medical use go through screening processes to test for safety and efficacy, so marijuana for medical purposes would have to do the same to be legalized at the federal level.. This paper will examine some of the arguments for and against the legalization of marijuana for medical purposes. Ultimately, there are many health benefits that go…. [read more]


Marijuana Legalization Marijuana Should Be Legalized Term Paper

… Marijuana Legalization

Marijuana Should Be Legalized in the United States

The debate over the legalization of marijuana has become a major issue in recent years, especially with Washington and Colorado voting to legalize the drug in 2012. Not only has the perceptions towards the drug changed by the public in general, as demonstrated through its legalization in the aforementioned states and the increasing use of the substance for medicinal purposes, but the number of users has also increased. Due to the continuously changing attitudes towards marijuana, and the potential economic benefits, I believe that marijuana should be legalized in the United States.

In a report published by the Office of National Drug Control Policy (2011), it was reported that the 2009 National Survey on Drug…. [read more]


Legalizing Marijuana According to the National Institute Term Paper

… Legalizing Marijuana

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), "marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States." Most Americans at least know someone who has used marijuana, if they haven't used it themselves. The drug's main psychoactive compound is called delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, more commonly known as THC. When a person smokes or eats marijuana he or she experiences a "high," which is the main reason why individuals choose to smoke pot. On the other hand, large numbers of people smoke pot because, like many legal drugs, marijuana has medicinal benefits. In particular, pot can be used to control pain related to anything from AIDS to migraines. Pot has also been shown to significantly alleviate nausea, which can be immensely helpful…. [read more]


Legalizing Drugs the Government Creates Laws Term Paper

… Legalizing Drugs

The government creates laws and regulations in which officials see are suitable for citizens to abide by. The formation of such official customs serves to protect the interests of the people, state, and government. However, in a society ruled by democracy, differences are bound to rise and voices are to be heard regarding various issues, in particular, the one about legalizing drugs. The dispute over such a dilemma has been a continuous one, which if approved and finalized, will influence the government and its people economically, judicially, medically, and socially.

Economically, legalizing drugs would encourage free trade, which would benefit all involved parties. Free trade is the participation of a buyer and seller, which would improve the welfare of both parts in the…. [read more]


Marijuana Is a Substance Term Paper

… One source says that the person stays high for two or three hours but has impaired coordination for some time afterwards (Philadelphia Tribune, 2005). That is troubling because people may not feel "high" any more and think it's safe to driver. I don't think it would be safe to drive with impaired coordination, though. According to another source it can cause paranoia and delusions (Columbia, 2005). I never heard of that, but maybe some people are more vulnerable. It also distorts a person's perceptions of both time and space (Columbia, 2005). My parents told me that also, and described how that would affect someone who was driving, and warned me to never, ever ride with someone who had been smoking pot. I always thought that…. [read more]


Drug Legalization of Recreational Term Paper

… Upon considering the merits of the respective positions concerning the decriminalization of illicit narcotics, it appears that the views espoused by proponents of decriminalization are more consistent with the overall good of society on multiple levels.

First, it is simply irreconcilable, from a logical perspective, that cigarettes and other tobacco products are sold completely legally, while private use and the mere possession of marijuana and any other agent containing THC such as hashish are severely penalized in many states. Opponents of decriminalization believe that government owes a duty of paternalistic protection of its citizens, but critics point out that even the most well motivated paternalistic laws must reflect a consistency in their application and effect (Taylor, 1982). Meanwhile, cigarettes account for more deaths in this…. [read more]


Marihuana Legalization Essay

… Marijuana

The recent election resulted in a change to the discussion about marijuana, when Washington and Colorado voted to legalize the plant (Smith, 2012). It is time to take this debate nationwide, and address the falsehoods that have led to the futile prohibition of marijuana and the horrible failure that is the war on drugs. I believe the marijuana should be legalized. There are several reasons that I believe this, and put together they form a very strong case. Legalization in this case refers to the legal possession and sale of marijuana, and importation as well, either by consumers is small amounts or by businesses in large amounts. My argument extends to all drugs, but I will focus only of marijuana for the present paper.…. [read more]


Reasons Why the Prohibition on Marijuana Should Be Lifted Research Paper

… Lifting the Prohibition on Marijuana

After forty plus years of what Tim Dickenson refers to as "Mindless Prohibition," it seems that some justice for users of medically prescribed marijuana may be in sight. The United States drug czar under the Obama administration, Gil Kirlikowske has been noted as saying that he has ended the war on drugs and Governor David Patterson was recently quoted as saying "We put a stop to 35 years of bad policy" in reference to the removal of the Rockerfeller Drug Wars which punish and imprison addicts, rather than offering the treatment needed to conquer their addictions. These old and outdated drug policies haven't been looked out or discussed politically, on a national level, since the Nixon administration in the 1970s.…. [read more]


Making Prostitution Legal in California for Means of Reducing Crime and Increasing State Revenue Thesis

… Legalizing Prostitution in California

This research attempts to examine three hypotheses related to the decriminalization or legalization of prostitution in the state of California: it is wasteful to attempt to fight prostitution as a crime; legalization would reduce the spread of sexually-transmitted diseases, violence, and drug use; and the overall outcome of legalizing prostitution would be positive for all citizens as a result of increased funding available for state programs. These hypotheses will be examined by thoroughly studying past and current literature on the pros and cons of different legal attitudes toward prostitution in different areas, as well as the economic crisis in California specifically.

Table of Contents

Senior Research Project Approval Form

Abstract

Table of Contents

Introduction

Background of the Study

Problem Statement

Purpose…. [read more]


Surveyusa, Washington State's Initiative 502 Essay

… The state and local governments are urgently in need of the financial benefits that will come with passage, but they must also be ready to face the problems that will also come with it. For instance, financing drug education programs for juveniles is one way to face the potential problems associated with juvenile drug us. Unless these problems are faced within in the initiative itself, future politicians will not have the resources necessary to deal with the increase in juvenile drug use and the associated health concerns. State and local governments could be faced with an epidemic of drug-related problems unless they recognize the potential problems and deal with them immediately.

References

Altieri, Erik. (12 Sept. 2012). "New Polls: Washington's Marijuana Legalization

Initiative, I 502,…. [read more]


Marijuana Causes and the Effect Essay

… ¶ … marijuana causes and the effect it has on an individual. Marijuana is often seen as a recreational drug that should be legalized, like alcohol. However, marijuana is a dangerous, gateway drug that can lead to more serious drug abuse, and it has a negative effect on people's lives.

Marijuana is legal to use medicinally in some areas of the country, and many advocates believe that it is not harmful if it is used recreationally. However, marijuana is a drug, and like any drug, it can become addictive. That means that someone who uses it habitually will have trouble quitting it, and that means that it can lead to other addictive behaviors. Many experts believe that it can also lead to the use of…. [read more]


Effects of Marijuana Thesis

… Marijuana

Why the topic is important: Marijuana is the most frequently used illegal drug in the United States, with at least 4% of the total population smoking pot at least once per year ("Marijuana Use and Its Effects").

As with all drugs, marijuana causes a wide range of physical, neurological, and psychological effects; not all these effects are positive.

The potential medical benefits of the drug are leading to an overhaul of the current classification of marijuana as a Schedule I controlled substance.

Like all drugs, marijuana has the potential to harm or heal and should be used with care.

Physiological effects of marijuana

Short-term physiological effects

Effects on heart rate, blood pressure, breathing

Red eyes, dry mouth, increased appetite

Long-term physiological effects

Chronic smoking…. [read more]


Punitive Drug Prohibition in Contrast Term Paper

… 2003. Kuro5hin. 27 Nov. 2003. http://www.kuro5hin.org/story/2003/11/7/17557/6451.

Levine, Harry G. And Reinarman, Craig. Crack in America: Demon Drugs and Social Justice. Berkeley, CA: U. California Press, 1997.

Levine, Harry G. "Drug Commissions, the Next Generation." The International Journal of Drug Policy, 1994, vol 5 no 4. Hereinstead.com. 27 Nov. 2003. http://www.hereinstead.com/sys-tmpl/drugcommissionswideforprinting/.

Levine, Harry G. "Global Drug Policy: A Retreat From War." Contexts, 2002, Fall. Hereinstead.com. 27 Nov. 2003. http://www.hereinstead.com/sys-tmpl/b3bookreviewnew/.

Levine, Harry G. "The Secret of Worldwide Drug Prohibition." The Independent Review, v.VII, n.2, Fall 2002, ISSN 1086-1653, pp. 165-180. Queens College. 27 Nov. 2003. http://www.soc.qc.edu/Staff/levine/wwdp.htm.

Levine, Harry G. And Reinarman, Craig. Crack in America: Demon Drugs and Social Justice. Berkeley, CA: U. California Press, 1997.

Levine, Harry G. "The Secret of Worldwide Drug Prohibition."

The Independent…. [read more]

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