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Wills Can Be Invalidated Essay

… ¶ … WILLS can be invalidated using Florida case law.

Invalidating a WILL using Florida Law

The primary objective of this analysis is to establish the ways of invalidating wills, or trust documents as outlined by the Florida case law. Although it may seem that the testator has the final say, even after death, the law may revoke the will if it establishes unfair play. This comes in, for instance, when a parent dies, but on the will, their children do not inherit anything; however, the sister or brother to the parent obtains legal rights for all the properties left by the deceased. This paper will further provide some cases, factual, concerning the subject matter to accomplish the purpose of the assignment.

Issue and Conclusion…. [read more]

Use of Force in Law Enforcement Thesis

… ¶ … Force in Law Enforcement

The controversy swirling about Professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr., a respected Cambridge professor who happens to be an African-American, and Sgt. James M. Crowley, a police officer who arrested him at his home after someone called the police and said someone was breaking into it, is just one example of the wavering gray area which officers have to tread when deciding when to use force or not. When harangued because of his mistake, the officer took offense and the conversation became heated, setting off a controversy which reached the White House. President Barack Obama made the remark in a news conference that the police acted "stupidly" and the incident became a national issue. The New York Times reflected that…. [read more]

Inalienable Rights Although America's Founding Term Paper

… This would appear to be contradictory to the concept of inalienable rights, as the act of surrendering one's claim to a right would countermand its status as inalienable. This contradiction is important to consider because "within the will theory there can be no such thing as an unwaivable right: a right over which its holder has no power." When a right is inalienable, the implication is that no entity, even the rights holder themselves, possesses the power to invalidate that right, so the concept of inalienable rights is, on its surface, incompatible with will theory.

The clear discrepancies between will theory and the inalienability of rights are difficult to reconcile with the modern notion of personal liberty. When one considers that "within the will theory…. [read more]

Students Will Select a Construct Article Critique

… I will also show image of victim to colleague beforehand in order to ascertain that the image is objective.

Finally, I will attempt to approach participants at a time of day when they would be most likely to be ready and alert in answering the questions.


Dovidio, J.F. (2010). Handbook of prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination. SAGE: NY.

Dunton, B.C., & Fazio, R.H. (1997). An Individual Difference Measure of Motivation to Control Prejudiced Reactions. Personal Social Psychology Bull, 23(3), 316-326.

Gordijn, E.H.,Koomen, W., & Stapel, D.A. (2000) Level of Prejudice in Relation to Knowledge of Cultural Stereotypes, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 37, 150 -- 157.

Kline, P (1999). Handbook of Psychological Testing Psychology Press

Kunda, Z. (1999) Social cognition: Making sense of people, MIT…. [read more]

Affordable Housing and the Use of Exclusionary and Inclusionary Zoning Term Paper


In the past few decades, the lack of affordable housing in the United States has emerged as a crisis effecting low-income residents, government agencies and municipalities, and real estate developers alike. The lack of available affordable housing has increased in the past few years, as a result of zoning ordinances and governmental zoning powers that are supported and upheld by the courts. While there are no immediate solutions to this problem, a number of legal scholars have examined the relevant cases and have written extensively on the subject. Affordable housing is defined in the legal context as housing for which the mortgage or rental payments, related taxes, insurance and utilities, do not exceed thirty percent…. [read more]

Contracts and Fraud Essay

… Proving duress, much like proving fraud, can be difficult in a court of law and often requires third parties to testify how the duress took place. In a business context, an example of duress might include a seller putting undue pressure upon a buyer, saying "this offer will be withdrawn if you don't sign right now," or pressuring an employee to agree to work extra hours not stipulated in the original employment agreement with the implied threat of the employee losing his or her position (Signing a contract under duress, 2012, Law Guru).

There are two major forms of remedies in contract cases. One is monetary damages (such as a full refund for a purchase). Methods of computing monetary damages include "expectation interest. The goal…. [read more]

Gay and Lesbian Serial Killers Research Proposal

… But this notion becomes particularly fascinating when we consider the various permutations that can be taken by a specifically homosexual serial killer. The homosexual can prey upon other homosexuals: this is the case with Dahmer and Dennis Nilsen. The homosexual can prey upon heterosexuals of the same gender: this is arguably the case with Gacy, Berdella, and Dean Corll. Although many of the young men that were victims of these three were solicited for sex, generally the situation was such that the victims were heterosexually-identified and motivated by promise of payment -- what psychologists and public health advocates would describe in 2014 as MSM (men who have sex with men) rather than specifically gay. Finally Wuornos provides the most interesting case, as a homosexual woman…. [read more]

Gilbert's Summaries Contracts the Law Essay

… Gilbert's Summaries


The law of contracts represents society's attempt to formalize promises between parties. Promises are agreements between parties that are supported by consideration. Historically, consideration was described as a benefit received by one promisor or as detriment incurred by the opposing promisor. Modern legal theorists, however, describe consideration as being equivalent to a bargain, that is, an exchange of promises where each party views what he is giving as the price for what he gets. There are some limitations on this approach so other legal experts view consideration as anything that makes a promise or contract enforceable.

Promises or consideration take on various forms. There are promises that are mutual, promises that are unilateral, and promises that are subject to further conditions. Regardless…. [read more]

India's Economic Development and Foreign Research Paper

… Hypothesis 2: Changes have occurred in the foreign policy of India and these have been generated by the development of economy.

As it has already been proven, changes have indeed occurred in India's approach of its foreign relationships and policy and the cause for these changes has commonly been represented by changes in the international setting, such as globalization or the changing roles of different global powers (the Soviet Union vs. The United States). While these macroeconomic movements have been the sources of policy changes, a question remains of whether the very economic development of India has represented a cause of policy changes in the country's foreign relationships.

Directly linked to the fall of the Soviet Union, India changed its economic strategy and made it…. [read more]

Health and Reproductive Rights Research Paper

… While I had been aware of the barriers that women faced when trying to access abortions, the attendant problems, such as the risk of being raped by the abortionist, had simply never occurred to me. As a result, I found the personal story to be very compelling. The main weakness in this lesson, to me, was a lack of exploration of the concept of divorce in America. The authors did mention that the U.S. had the highest divorce rate in the world and that people who divorce frequently remarry (Shaw & Lee, 2009). However, there was little discussion of the reasons for high divorce rates. I would have been interested in a discussion tying together health concerns, for example the health impact of domestic violence,…. [read more]

Stress: Regulation of Wetlands Term Paper

… For regulatory purpose of the Clean Water Act, the term wetlands refers to those areas that are saturated or inundated through ground or surface water at a duration and frequency sufficient to foster and that which under normal circumstances do support a prevalence of vegetation adapted for life in saturated soil status (Spray and McGlothin 102).

According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency of 2001, wetlands include marshes, swamps and other akin areas. Most of wetlands regulation politics revolves around fine-tuning the common regulatory description through delineation of wetlands. The permitting program established to execute Section 404 is governed through the United States Army Corps of Engineers. However, the EPA upholds oversight via comment and review and the body holds to authority to veto specific…. [read more]

Financial Reporting Term Paper

… ¶ … International Cosmetic's primary concern within their financial reporting policy is to mitigate the impact of devaluation and inflation, it seems that their overall strategy of dollar conversion would be only a moderately accurate system. Two main problems arise with dollar exchanges within the balance sheet; the first is the adjustment necessary for liquid assets. International Cosmetics' policy is to use temporal method to make financial adjustments. The problem with this is despite any attempts to adjust for current currency exchange rates, these rates will consistently be out of date. Furthermore, it is precisely because there is consistent fluctuation within the market that this policy is necessary, which means that dollar conversion rates cause the balance sheet to change from month to month. Conversion…. [read more]

Law Politics and Marriage Essay

… ¶ … Politics, and Marriage

Discuss two types of marriage that you think should be legally prohibited. Use the course materials to evaluate both the pros and cons of not tolerating or recognizing these marital practices.

One type of marriage that should be prohibited is one in which there can be physical consequences for any of the children that such a marriage might produce. An obvious example of this would be two people that would stand a high likelihood of passing down a genetic disease to their offspring. While it was once believed that family, such as closely related individuals, stood a significantly higher likelihood that their offspring could suffer from genetically transmitted conditions, scientists today have largely discredited this myth.Although there is an increased…. [read more]

Communication Management: Communication in the Workplace Essay

… Communication

Management: Communication in the Workplace

When people in an organization conduct a meeting, share stories in the cafeteria, or deliver presentations, they are making efforts to communicate. To understand why communication efforts sometimes break down and find ways to improve your communication skills, it helps to identify the elements of the communication process. Communication is the transmission of information and meaning from one party to another via shared symbols (Communication, 2010). Hence, each individual is different and has unique ways of communicating his or her thoughts. In the present competitive era, only the best of the organizations can survive. Individuals make the organizations, and hence the effective use of communication by the employees eventually leads to organizational success by active listening, managing conflict, and…. [read more]

Electronic Signatures Term Paper

… p

For a digital signature to be valid for use by a public entity, it must be created by a technology that is accepted for use by the State of California.

Further California requirements include:

It must be unique to the person using it

It is capable of verification;

It is under the sole control of the person using it;

It is linked to data in such a manner that if the data are changed, the digital signature is invalidated (California Digital Signature Regulations ("

Nebraska has a less stringent set of authorization rules however it covers much of the same ground with what it does have.

In the state of Nebraska an electronic signature is valid and binding if it identifies the certification authority…. [read more]

Gender and Academics Term Paper

… ¶ … role of gender in academic achievement by Lea Hubbard.

This article deals with a number of cardinal issues. Central to this study of low-income, African-American public high school students is the refutation, or rather the extension, of Ogbu's influential notions and categories of 'involuntary' minority students as oppositional and resistant to schooling. As the author states:

the strong gender-based variation found among these students in terms of their college aspirations and strategies for attaining success raise questions about an undifferentiated treatment of the African-American student population" (Hubbard, 2005, p.605).

The findings of this qualitative study strongly suggest that gender and variables other than ethnicity and class distinctions are a prime determining factor in the performance assessments and achievement levels of African-American public high…. [read more]

Colonial America in 1793-94, Many Backcountry Southerners Term Paper

… Colonial America

In 1793-94, many backcountry Southerners from Georgia collaborated with the French government in a plan to liberate Florida from Spanish rule even though the United States government was at peace with Spain. Since the Revolutionary Legion of America, which was formed as a consequence, was working against the wishes and national interests of the United States, the events that took place in 1793-94 can, prima facie, be used to raise doubts over Southern patriotism and loyalty during that period. However, as this paper will attempt to demonstrate, a closer analysis of Georgia's history will reveal that the events of 1793-94 were motivated more by a need to secure local interests rather than any desire to subvert the Federal government.

Local interests often conflict…. [read more]

Houdini Was Able to Modulate Case Study

… Summary and Conclusion

Harry Houdini was an individual that was repelled by trickery at the expense of the feelings of the individual such as in the case of fake mediums who claimed to communicate with the dead however, Houdini was a master of illusion. But that is not all because as it is well-known now and as this study has clearly demonstrated, Harry Houdini had a unique ability to modulate or alter his body's physiology to enable him to sustain his breathing, slow his heart rate, and had the ability to keep himself calm under pressure so that he could remain in a small chamber with little air for an extended and almost unbelievable period of time. The technique utilized by Harry Houdini while being…. [read more]

Orthodox Judaism Considers Itself Term Paper

… On the other hand, few Jews are acquainted with the word 'shul'. (Judaism 101.)

The formalistic style of the place too is distinctly Jewish in that a mechitzah (division) separates men and women during prayer service. Men, too, lead and officiate. The rabbi is always male. These differences distinguish it from branches of liberal Judaism. The symbol -- the Jewish star -- remain symbolic of all branches, as too all retain the tallit, yarmulkah, synagaogue architecture such as the bimah (platform from which weekly Torah reading is read) as well as aron (that houses Torah scrolls) and prayer book with modifications depending on group.

Contrasts: Conservative

Conservative Judaism believes in certain aspects of the Torah. They maintain that the ideas in the Torah come from…. [read more]

Pharmaceutical Case Case Study

… Pharm Case

Pharmaceutical Recall Case

Casings, Inc. does not have too many defenses to this contract clause, as it was evident in the contract that they signed and it can be expected that a business the size of Casings, Inc. would have the resources to perform appropriate due diligence in reviewing the contract before signing. If they could demonstrate that this clause of the contract or the actions and outcomes it led to were in some way illegal, however, such as any collusion that might exist between Robins & Robins and the selected account firm, then Casings, Inc. might be able to assert that the outcome of this clause was invalid and thus might be able to avoid the consequences of this clause in this…. [read more]

Rationalism vs. Empiricism Essay

… In other words, someone who is tripping on LSD might wander into a room and announce "look at all those purple butterflies!" But that does not mean that there are actual purple butterflies to be seen anywhere but in his imagination. As the neurologist Oliver Sacks has said, "to the hallucinator, hallucinations seem very real; they can mimic perception in every respect, starting with the way they are projected into the external world" (Sacks ix). This should give anyone pause about the reliability of sensory experience tout court.

I feel confident in asserting my own preference for rationalism for these abovementioned reasons. The evidence for rationalism, in the form of existing rationalistic structures in the mind (like the rules of geometry, or the rules of…. [read more]

Terrible Political Sin of Telling the Truth Term Paper

… ¶ … Terrible Political Sin of Telling the Truth

In October 2006, British former Foreign Secretary Jack Straw did something that is politically highly problematic. He said something that a lot of other people had thought about saying but hadn't done so because they realized that it would be highly unpopular for them to voice what they also believed to be true. And because he said something that a lot of other people thought that someone -- as long as it wasn't them -- should say, he received a significant amount of criticism. Of course, many of those who criticized him no doubt did so because they were authentically convinced that they were right and he was wrong. But there were no doubt others who…. [read more]

Ferpa: Comparing Ferpa in Maryland Essay

… FERPA: Comparing FERPA in Maryland to FERPA Nationally

The Family Educational and Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), 20 U.S.C.S. § 1232g; 34 CFR 99, is a national law that focuses on the privacy rights of student education records for public school students and students of schools receiving public educational funds, from elementary level through the university level. Because FERPA applies to students at all levels of school, parents have access to information that would otherwise violate adult student privacy rights through a minor student's graduation from high school. However, any student attending a school beyond the high school level, regardless of that student's age, has personal rights, rather than their parents being able to exercise rights on their behalf (U.S. Department of Education, 2008).

Student…. [read more]

Media Psychology Research Proposal

… Some questions I have regarding media psychology and reality television are what are the categories of reality television? Are there specific behaviors associated with the viewers of certain kinds of reality television? What is the spectrum of affects reality television has upon the individual, the group, the community, and the society? How can media psychologists and media producers collaborate so as to construct media that promotes healthy behaviors and attitudes? How can media be effectively designed and distributed to effect significant social change? What are the responsibilities of the media producer, the media researcher, and the media consumer? How does media reinforce and dismantle stereotypes? Do the affects of media consumption crossover into other realms besides reality, such as virtual reality (a person's digital presence…. [read more]

Impression: New Media in the 2008 Presidential Article Critique

… ¶ … Impression: New Media in the 2008 Presidential Nomination Campaigns," the authors Haynes and Pitts open by indicating the main premise of the article: that the phenomena known as the "new media" are making a significant contribution to political campaigns today, in the same way that radio and television did so during their first years of existence. The main research question the authors addressed within this topic is whether the new media are effective tools to enhance the impact of campaigns for politicians, their parties, and their purposes.

The authors do not seem to have a particular model or theory to apply to the research question, or indeed any specific hypotheses as such. Instead, the research seems to focus upon observations of existing phenomena…. [read more]

Effects of Parenting Styles on Achievement Level Found in Students in Special Education Term Paper

… ¶ … Parenting Styles on Students Achievement in Special Education

Parenting Style

The Effects of Parenting Styles on Student Achievement in Special Education

The discussion and research conducted here will expamine how parenting styles affect a student with a learning disability in achieving success as contextualized by special education. The research will be carried out through a qualitiative literature review, gathering together studies that demonstrate the shortcomings of many parents of special needs children to provide adequate emotional and practice support where educational, emotional and developmental needs are concerned. The Literature Review findings demonstrate that students in special education were found to be experiencing more permissive and sometimes even neglectful parenting styles, ultimately placing them at even a greater risk for educational shortcoming and long-term…. [read more]

Elt in the Expanding Circle and/or Outer Essay

… ELT in the Expanding Circle and/or Outer Circle

The 2001 maven conference bore testimony to the growth of interest in EW L' over the past few decades.

In the years between ? The first major academic gathering on this subject, the seminal conference on cross-cultural communication held at the University of Illinois in 1978 (Kachru 1992), and MAVEN 2001, much has been written and spoken about the spread of English around the world, the diverse ways in which the language has developed in this process, especially in the Outer Circle,2 and about the wider implications of this unique socio- linguistic development. Crystal (2003) lists 75 territories in which English is currently spoken as either a) the principal or only L1, or b) as an L2…. [read more]

Merger Activity Due in Large Term Paper

… ¶ … merger activity due in large part to the internationalization of trade, the globalization of the transportation industry and innovations in telecommunications. Mergers have been used for a wide range of purposes, including achieving a synergistic effect, breaking up corporations that have become too large and unwieldy, and to help companies expend their market share in other regions. Over time, merger activity tends to assume a pattern of waves that can be attributed to several known factors such as severe economic shock or lax government regulatory polices, but a wide range of other factors have also been shown to contribute to the cyclical pattern of wave mergers, an issue that is the focus of this study. The primary aims of this study were to…. [read more]

Computer Security: Corporate Security Documentation Essay

… Moreover, management of encryption keys are performed by the system. As management of encryption keys is by far the hardest aspect of key management this is a bonus.

The key encryption hierarchy is shown in the following figure labeled Figure 1 in this document. The database administrator will manage the service master key at the server level and the database master key at the database level. Otherwise, lower keys in the hierarchy are protected by each key's immediate parent and this remains true as the keys move upward in the hierarchy. There is however, one exception and that being when a password is utilized for protection of a symmetric key or certificate. That is the methods used by SQL Server for allowing users to manage…. [read more]

Health Administration Term Paper

… There are many things that make up an education, and in the helping professions such as nursing, much of this information is a hands-on type of learning that cannot be obtained anywhere but on the job.

Financing is another large concern, as many hospitals have cut back their staff in the face of rising costs. There are arguments that hospitals charge much more than they should for the services that they offer, especially if one does not have any health insurance. However, regardless of what they charge for what they do, hospitals are having a difficult time keeping their bills paid. This is largely because of the malpractice insurance that they must carry, the supplies that they must buy, and the salaries that they must…. [read more]

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