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Women's Right to Vote in the 19th Century Term Paper

… Women Suffrage 19th Century

However novel it may appear, I shall venture the assertion, that, until women assume the place in society which good sense and good feeling alike, assign to them, human improvement must advance but feebly," (Wright). Fanny Wright may have presaged the deplorably slow progress the women's rights -- and women's suffrage -- movements would make throughout the course of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Although the Declaration of Independence of the United States heralded a new era of democratic self-rule, both it and the Declaration of the Rights of Man excluded females from its blanket ideas. Moreover, the democratic ideals espoused in the French and American Revolutions did not apply equally to blacks, who were slaves in the United States until…. [read more]


Women's Suffrage in the 19th Century Term Paper

… Women's Suffrage In The 19th Century

Although the right of women in the U.S. To vote for their preferred political candidates was finally guaranteed through an amendment to the constitution in 1920, the struggle to secure this right had begun much earlier than that. In this text, I concern myself with the plight of women's suffrage in the 19th century. In so doing, I will amongst other things highlight the conditions that triggered this specific drive for women's voting rights. Although this text will largely focus on women's suffrage in the U.S., suffrage movements in other countries will also be acknowledged.

Women's Suffrage in the 19th Century

In this text, women's suffrage will in basic terms be used to refer to the right of women…. [read more]


Woman Suffrage in Colorado in 1893 Term Paper

… ¶ … campaign for woman suffrage in Colorado. A brief overview of suffrage is given as a background to the topic. Then both the opinions of supporters and opponents of woman suffrage are presented. Finally, the primary reason why suffrage was granted is explained.

The Campaign for Woman Suffrage in Colorado, in 1893

Woman suffrage is defined as the "right of women to share on equal terms with men the political privileges afforded by representative government and, more particularly, to vote in elections and referendums and to hold public office" ("Woman suffrage," 2005).

This right to be involved in the governmental process, however, did not start with women. In the feudal regimes of the Middle Ages, even men found suffrage restricted. However, once the male…. [read more]


Role of Women Change From the 18th to 18th Centuries Essay

… Women Change in 18th & 19th Centuries

Women of the 18th to 19th Century

The numerous and significant contributions of women in the political, educational, and artistic spheres are undeniable. But how do these contributions come about? What were the particular socio-historical circumstances that paved way for such contributions? It is in this light that this article aims to understand women, specifically those from the eighteenth to nineteenth century. Why this particular centuries you might ask. I believe that this period of women's history is rich, dynamic, and pivotal to our social construction of the contemporary woman.

th-19th century: some historical specificities

During the 18th century, the lives of women were confined to the domestic realm -- i.e. fulfilling domestic responsibilities. Although most white women…. [read more]


Europe Women's Suffrage Most Countries Research Paper

… Austria had only a small-scale campaign for women's suffrage in the 19th Century, and women were allowed only very limited participation in local and municipal elections, though male proxies.[footnoteRef:5] [5: Brigitta Bader-Zaar, "Women in Austrian Politics, 1890-1934" in David F. Good et al. (eds). Austrian Politics in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives (Berghahn Books, 1996), p. 62.]

In Germany, the first women's rights association was founded in 1865 by Louise Otto-Peters, who had also advocated equal rights for women during the failed democratic revolutions of 1848-49. During the same era, the industrialization of Germany led to women working outside the home for wages for the first time, often in industries where they earned far less than men, although according to laws passed after…. [read more]


Women the Sphere Essay

… Friedan formed the National Organization of Women in 1966 in the spirit of gender role liberalization. Although it would be later criticized for its narrow focus on the experiences of only white housewives, The Feminine Mystique nevertheless altered the tenor of gender politics in the United States. A series of no-fault divorce laws, coupled with greater awareness of the issue of marital rape, were practical signs that the politics of gender were changing to bring women out of the bedroom and into the boardroom.

Ironically, and perhaps sadly, Friedan's later work "rejects sexual politics and sexual equality in favor of a revalorization of motherhood and the nuclear family, leaving public institutions essentially unchanged," (Buechler, 1990, p. 122). It more as if motherhood needed to be…. [read more]


Women's History Term Paper

… In the mid-nineteenth century, states began to gradually grant married women greater control over property, and in 1948, New York passed the Married Women's Property Act, allowing women to acquire and retain assets independently of their husbands, and eventually other states followed (Women's pp).

Women led legislative efforts during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries to ensure their rights (Women's pp). The 14th Amendment in 1866 provided all citizens equal protection under the law and no citizen could be denied due process of law (Women's pp). The 15th Amendment, passed in 1870 declared that citizens could not be denied the right to vote on the basis of race, color, or previous status as a slave (Women's pp). Elizabeth Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and other activists "argued…. [read more]


Women's Suffrage the History Research Paper

… As the 1890's came about, the advances made by women were beginning to be cut back, and women were being silenced once again.

The next main push for Women's Rights came with the creation of the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) which was formed on October 10, 1903 by Emmeline Pankhurst. Women at this time were faced with ridicule from politicians, and "the press responded to suffrage movement with what amounted to a press blackout." (Jorgenson-Earp, 1999, p. 20)

The WSPU was formed to combat the fact that Women's Rights issues were being ignored by those in power, and they decided to use militant tactics. And the very first militant attack came in 1905 when two women burst into the Free Trade Hall in…. [read more]


Nursing and Women's Roles Pre-And-Post Thesis

… Thomas Branagan wrote in The Excellency of the Female Character Vindicated that men would "sin and sin again" because they could not help themselves (quoted by Welter, 47). But a woman, Branagan asserted, was "stronger and purer" and had the resolve to resist a man's desire to "…take liberties incompatible with her delicacy" (Welter, 47).

However, if a woman should acquiesce to a man's attempts to engage in sexual activities, Branagan asserted in his book, "You will be left in silent sadness to bewail your credulity, imbecility, duplicity, and premature prostitution" (Welter, 47). The advice given to women in the early 19th century, as presented by Welter on page 62, clearly appears to the 21st century reader as propaganda designed to keep women in subservient…. [read more]


Women's Isolation Despite Representing Half Research Paper

… As a result, many employers have been free to discriminate against women because their have been little to no substantial repercussions; in fact, it is easy to imagine that for some large companies, it could even be cheaper to pay women less and then settle should they discover the discrimination rather than offer equitable pay in the first place. These are only some of the ways that women continue to be isolated and limited even after the historical developments discussed above, but they demonstrate how inequality, marginalization, and disempowerment can continue even after explicit steps are taken to combat them.

For almost all of human history, women have been marginalized, isolated, disempowered, and disenfranchised by societies dominated by men, and only recently has this egregious…. [read more]


Women and Work Essay

… ¶ … Changing Role of Women in the 18th and 19th Centuries

Women's roles in society, and in the family, changed quite a bit from the mid 18th century to the end of the 19th century. However, women in the 1700s were actually more 'advanced' than many people might think. While it is true that most women's primary role was that of wife and mother, DuBois and Dumenil (2005) report that "Historians estimate that between 1740 and 1775, over 90 Boston women operated commercial enterprises" (p. 31). Many also worked outside the home in shops or even as 'tradeswomen' in the blacksmithing and silversmithing industries (Woodward, 2004).

However, most of these workers were single women who had very little choice but to work until they…. [read more]


Women's Rights During the Nineteenth Term Paper

… During the Civil War, Anthony and many other members of the women's movement played a large role in abolishing slavery. In 1863 Anthony founded the Women's Loyal League, which supported President Abraham Lincoln's policies (Berg). Following the war, Anthony and her supporter tried unsuccessfully to link women's suffrage with that of the freed slaves.

The Fifteenth Amendment of 1870 granted voting rights only to black men. Due to their great disappointment, Anthony and her supporters founded the National Woman Suffrage Association. The Fourteenth Amendment of 1868 declared that all people born in the United States were citizens and that no legal privileges could be denied to any citizen. Anthony challenged this amendment, arguing that women were citizens but were denied voting privileges.

On November 1,…. [read more]


Women's Rights Term Paper

… Women's Rights In America

What non-egalitarian ideologies were present in American society at the time of the launching of the women's rights movement? Put forth an argument.

It was written in the Declaration of Independence that all men are created equal, but it didn't say anything about women; but because the young nation had a lot of other things to squabble about, women were asked to take a back seat, raise the children, cook the meals, clean the house and wash the clothes, and be quiet. Men had all the rights, plain and simple, and women did much of the work.

Meanwhile, while the U.S. women's rights movement - and the women's suffrage movement - brought important constitutional issues to the forefront of American culture,…. [read more]


Women's Right to Vote Essay

… Women's Right To Vote

Women's rights have been one of the most fundamental parts of democratic society in the United States since the suffrage effort in the early 19th century was successful. Many fought and died to ensure this privilege for their descendants, and many did not live to see success. So the female right to vote is considered one of the most important rights that women enjoy today, in addition to the right to enter the professional job market, manage their family choices, and live the lives that best reflect what they consider to be a happy and fulfilling existence. A 2001 statement made by Kansas State Senator Kay O'Connor, however, seems to deny not only the current fundamental rights of women, but also…. [read more]


Timeline Gendered Movements Essay

… This made it illegal for anyone to discriminate in the areas of housing, employment, voter registration and education. To enforce these provisions, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission was established. They have the power to investigate complaints and impose penalties on those who are violating the law. This is illustrating how women's rights organizations were able to change the views of society by making it illegal to victimize someone based upon gender, race or national origin. (Farber, 1994) (DuBois, 1999) (Wright, 2005)

Part II

The timeline is showing how the different events are connected to each other in dealing with the issues of discrimination towards women. This started from 1869 to 1890 with the formation of National Women Suffrage Association. Their basic objectives were to help…. [read more]


Status of Women Term Paper

… We need to understand that the reason why women are facing problems in the area of work is because they are expected to be super-humans, juggling between home and work and maintaining a perfect balance between their personal and professional lives. But amid all this, we simply forget that though a woman is certainly as intelligent or smart as any male worker still there is no way she can be queen of all trades. (Harris, 2001)

US Newswire (2002) publishes a report that presented the precise negative and positive changes in the status of women during the past one decade. It states, "The proportion of women state legislators grew only slightly, from 20.8% to 22.6%, between 1996 and 2002. In a third of the states,…. [read more]


19Th Amendment Suffrage Term Paper

… While she was an influential leader, most early suffragists followed specific tactics that failed to leave an impact. For this reason, in late nineteenth century, women opted for more aggressive tactics to win their cause. Florence Luscomb (1887-1985) can be considered one of the pioneers of the new strategy as she conducted open-air meetings and sold suffrage supplements with newspapers to accentuate the significance of the issue. Her aggressive moves combined with the brilliant leadership of NAWSA president Carrie Chapman Catt finally won suffrage rights for women in 1920 with the 19th Amendment. The colossal achievement was definitely the result of a long suffrage movement. By the time the right was finally granted, women had already advanced ahead in several other areas including employment and…. [read more]


Symbolism in Women by Alice Walker Essay

… Symbolism in "Women" by Alice Walker

"in many, one:"

Alice Walker's poem "Woman" and the struggle of black women for equality

The history and work of African-American women has often been rendered invisible by historians, even feminist historians. The unique contribution of black women to America has been subsumed under either the rubric of 'blackness' or 'femininity.' The unique struggle and stereotypes black women have attempted to combat have all too often been ignored. In her poem "Woman," the black womanist poet Alice Walker tries to bring the entirety of the special and invisible history of African-American women to light in a series of a few, economical images that sums up African-American women's lives.

African-American woman, Walker suggests, are more than simply motherly, desexualized 'mammies'…. [read more]


Women First Wave Susan B. Anthony Reaction Paper

… ¶ … Women

First Wave

Susan B. Anthony was born in 1820 on February 15 in Adams, Massachusetts. Her family followed the Quaker tradition, and was also involved in activism. This affected her deeply, and her sense of justice and moral zeal were developed early in life. When Susan grew up, she entered the teaching profession, in which she worked for fifteen years before becoming active in temperance. This led to her involvement with the women's rights movement and the suffrage in 1852. In 1900, she successfully campaigned for the admission of women to the University of Rochester. Throughout her life, she remained an active force of inspiration for many. Susan died on March 13, 1906.

Alice Paul was born on January 11, 1886, also…. [read more]


Impact of the Industrial Revolution on European Women in the 19th Century Term Paper

… Women & the Industrial Revolution

European life underwent tremendous changed as a result of the Industrial Revolution. Changes in society brought about by the Industrial Revolution in the19th century had a profound effect on the lives of nearly all women living in Europe during that time.

During the first half of the 19th century, the effects of the industrial revolution triggered significant changes in the types of work many people did, including major changes in the lives of many women. As employment congregated more and more around industry, cities grew, and society began to take on characteristics familiar to most people today (Craig et. al., 2002). As the industrial revolution and resulting changes created more and more jobs for women, women began to develop political…. [read more]


Women's Equal Rights Essay

… For instance, women used this right to reveal their career ambitions and involvement in the workplace rather than staying at home. Moreover, they used the right to vote to campaign for more legislation that would promote equality with men as they sought to be treated with equality.

As women have used the right to vote as a measure to gain equal opportunity in the society, this right has also helped in the fight for their inclusion in the U.S. military. Since the adoption of this amendment, the number of women in the U.S. military has increased tremendously. For instance, the number of women in the nation's military increased from 1.2% in 1972 to 13% by 1990 (Fuentes, 2001). This increase was mainly fueled by the…. [read more]


Emancipation of Women it Was Inevitable Term Paper

… ¶ … Emancipation of Women

It was inevitable that women would, by early 20th century, achieve emancipation. The road towards emancipation began in the late 19th century through the agency of other social movements, especially the Anti-Slavery Society (Brammer, L., 2000, p. 21). "In 1840, the U.S. women delegates sent to the Anti-Slavery Convention in London were refused entry to the convention and forced to sit in the gallery (p. 21)."

The action taken against them at the Convention in London was enough to begin talk about the gender related disparities that were causing women to "sit in the gallery (p. 21). At that time, women did not have a right to vote, or the right to participate in socially or politically significant events, except…. [read more]


Religion Entered the 18th Century Research Paper

… She had printed in Philadelphia a pamphlet of twenty-four pages entitled "The Life and Religious Experience of Jarena Lee, a Colored Lady, Giving an Account of Her Call to Preach the Gospel" to let others know of her work and her mission. She also kept a journal while traveling which would later be transformed into her autobiography.The expanded version appeared in 1894 as: Religious Experience and Journal of Mrs. Jarena Lee, Giving an Account of Her Call to Preach the Gospel. To meet travel expenses and room and board, she sold her book at church meetings and while she was on the road.

The book was met with some controversy since the book questioned sexism in the church. It was also controversial due to the…. [read more]


Women Closing the Bridges to Discrimination and Inequality Term Paper

… 19th Amendment and Women's Issues

Sections 1 and 2 of the 19th amendment to the U.S. Constitution read:

"The right of the citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex."

"Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation."

(Thomson 2005)

The background of this amendment dates back to 1848 when 240 women, mostly educated and of high social status, gathered in Seneca Falls in New York to discuss and do something about the injustices committed against women (Nappi 2004). Most of all, they objected to their lack of power to vote for leaders who passed laws oppressive to them. These women were mocked by the…. [read more]


Woman's Rights Were Little Recognized Term Paper

… Today, there still remain prejudices in the education of women. The educated woman still undergoes certain pressure and even social stigma. She is often torn to choose between the ideals of her education and the demands of her role as wife and mother. This goes to show that the fight for the fair and equal education of women is still far from finished.

Studies have shown that not only is a woman intellectually capable of learning, but also appears to be more tolerant of pain, greater longevity and resistance to disease. She has also been able to transcend her traditional role as mother and, through modern methods of contraception and legalized abortion, has been able to gain greater control of family size. She can now…. [read more]


Women in the 19th Century Essay

… Margaret Fuller

In her seminal work Women in the Nineteenth Century, women's rights activist Margaret Fuller discussed the current conditions of women in the 19th century American society. She described the inequality between men and women in the context of human rights, wherein men could say that "few men have had a fair chance" to experience liberty, while "no women have had a fair chance" to experience the liberty that is the foundation of American freedom and democracy. During her time, Fuller is considered a radical because she does not only speak rhetoric about human rights and gender equality; she speaks about these concepts in specific terms. As with most women's rights activists during her time were advocating, Fuller was pushing for women's right to…. [read more]


Women in American History Essay

… Raised as a Quaker, a graduate of Swarthmore College, Paul worked at the New York College Settlement while attending the New York School of Social Work, according to Jone Johnson Lewis in About.com. Eventually she received her Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1912. After a year with the NAWSA, Paul decided a more militant approach to getting the right to vote for women was needed. So in 1913 she and others with the same sense of urgency in their minds formed the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage.

Talk about militancy, Paul was out there putting her faith and her body on the line for women's rights, and as a result she was arrested and imprisoned three times, Lewis explains on page 1. She…. [read more]


Women's Movement From 1800's Until 2000 Research Paper

… Women's Movement: Triumph Over History

The women's movement is one of the most compelling stories in human history. It is a story that is ever evolving. While we may think women have come a long way, and they have, there is still plenty room for women to forge ahead and make inroads in the future. For over 150 years, women can look back with pride and look forward with hope as we move into a new and promising century. To see what awaits in the future, we simply need to look at the past and that begins when a few women decided they wanted to have a convention of their own to talk about what concerned them. They wanted to tell the world that they…. [read more]


Spheres and Suffrage Essay

… Suffragists, women who were working politically to ensure voting rights had a very difficult time convincing not only the government, but also fellow women that they should be allowed to participate in politics. Women who had become accustomed to the Cult of Domesticity were reluctant to give up their place in the home and participate in activities that society had told them were inherently unfeminine. Before the Women's Suffrage Movement, women were not supposed to have political opinions and, if they did, they would reflect the opinions of her husband (Dubois 358). All opinions and beliefs of the wife were supposed to be identical to her husband's. Any woman with a mind or a will of her own was labeled as abnormal and improper.

Two…. [read more]


Willa Cather's O Pioneers and the Frontier Female Roles Term Paper

… ¶ … woman who has the qualities and merits that enable her to break the fence of gender roles in her society. This woman is a character from a novel, but she exemplifies all the groundbreaking steps that women took in the late nineteenth century, in order to pave the way for suffrage and women's equality. It is important to study the framework of women during this time in American history, because it helps to illuminate the patterns that constructed the first real human rights movement for gender equality, which had express, expedient, and unequivocal political goals. Furthermore, this analysis reveals the specific ways that historical context and social milieu converge, as the character under analysis was a lone female pioneer in the American West.…. [read more]

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