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Women vs. Men Historians: Interpretations Term Paper

… Women's History]


In the book Women and the Historical Enterprise in America, Julie Des Jardins researches the American women's involvement in the writing of history from the late nineteenth century through the end of World War II, when this field became very male oriented. Although women were not often taken seriously nor recognized any where near the male historians, they did do their best to explore and cover areas frequently overlooked. The question for this paper is whether or not history would be viewed differently if women played a greater role in recording history. The answer lies in interpretation. History is not just a reiteration of facts. Rather, it is an interpretation of facts based largely…. [read more]

Women in Television Essay

… Otherwise, the audience would not be interested and the show would fail.

Look at "Hot in Cleveland," which completely revolves around women spurned by men and seeking new ones. The show's supposedly wittiest lines are about men. The women's other topics of their skin, weight and clothing are just as meaningless. Mary Rogers moved away to get away from becoming June Cleaver. These women have moved nearly across the U.S. To seek men and become June Cleavers. How far have women come in 40 years since "The Mary Tyler Moore Show"?

Works Cited

Bodroghkozy, Aniko. "Where have you gone, Mary Richards? Feminism's rise and fall in primetime television." Iris: A Journal About Women 12.28 (2004). 5 November 2010

Bordo, Susan. The Male Body. A…. [read more]

Islamic Women -- Ottoman Empire Essay

… As for the wife's feelings, she felt "less of a threat to her position as mistress of the household from the slaves than from any additional legal wives," Davis explains; the slaves were required to obey the wife, so there was some leverage there (88). The author notes that polygamy was practiced at the time of Muhammad and while "there is no real evidence that he tried to abolish it," he did try to "contain it" (88).

Meantime, the practice of having a harem -- especially for the wealthy and powerful in the society -- was not unusual in the 18th and 19th centuries. Davis references scholar Charles White on the matter of how women got into harems and what that life was like for…. [read more]

Latin American Women's Cultural Decision in Labor Force vs. Procreation in Past vs. Present Research Paper

… Latin Women and Vocational Empowerment Issues

Women have achieved great strides in modern societies, especially when compared with the historical role of females in ancient societies, and even in relatively modern-era societies. One of the most important aspects of female empowerment relates to the incorporation of females into the modern workforce. The greatest documented increase in female empowerment in this area was in American society immediately after the Second World War, mainly by virtue of the extent to which female labor was required during the war effort to replace the positions vacated by males involved in overseas military conflict. That conflict was, in retrospect, a watershed event in the progress of females during the 20th century.

In Hispanic societies, specific social and cultural attitudes, beliefs,…. [read more]

Why Have There Been No Great Women Artist Term Paper

… ¶ … women artists?

Feminists must not blindly and unquestionably accept the terms of any debate about the differences between the genders when the terms of such a debate defined in the language of patriarchy and oppression. To illustrate this truth, the author of the article asks her reader to consider the question: "Why have there been no great women artists?" Unfortunately, the author states that the feminist art historian's first reaction is often to swallow the rhetorical bait of the attacker, hook, line and sinker, and to attempt to answer the question by simply saying 'well, but there are great women artists, I'll show you.' The end result is a rather pathetic attempt upon the defender's part to "dig up examples of worthy or…. [read more]

Natalie Zemon Davis' the Return of Martin Guerre Term Paper

… "[footnoteRef:4] She also incorporated various peasant 'doings and sayings' she could find from other sources in other contexts. [3: Natalie Zemon Davis, The Return of Martin Guerre, (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984), p.3.] [4: Natalie Zemon Davis, "On the Lame," The American Historical Review, 93. 3 (1988), 575]

However, Finlay finds Davis' account problematic given the universality of the acceptance of Bertrande as a dupe of Guerre at the time, rather than a witting accomplice. Finlay believes that Davis places too much weight on the fact that Bertrande must have recognized her husband based upon her past sexual experience, given that the marriage was largely unconsummated for most of its duration. Bertrande was celibate for years after her husband fled and Martin Guerre's sisters were…. [read more]

Interventionism From the Perspective Case Study

… These studies serve as the foundation for this present analysis.

Other studies have shown that foreign military intervention can easily be conducted even if they are in violation of the United Nations charter and lack authorization of the Security Council (Cassese 1999). This shows that countries can and do act on their own in engaging in interventionism. The motives for doing so are what this study plans to investigate.

A number of Western countries support humanitarian interventionism but they have not yet intervened in Syria. The reality behind humanitarian interventionism is that there are clear political, geopolitical, and economical consequences to every foreign intervention. Intervention is not merely a humanitarian crusade but rather a highly explosive affair that can cripple countries' infrastructures and have global…. [read more]

Ancient Greek History the Persian Wars Term Paper

… Athenian Greeks vs. The Persian Empire Army

At the beginning at the fifth century B.C., the city states of peninsular Greece allowed themselves to embrace their own selfish separatist ideas, confident that no outside enemy threatened them. The northern Illyrian tribes, from where the Achaeans and Dorians once came, ceased their attacks on Greece. In the south, the power of Egypt continued to decline. In the west, Rome and Carthage were only on the eve of their existence. But danger lay in the east. The Persian Empire, now at the height of its power, was advancing west. Already the Greek cities of Asia Minor had been conquered. The Persian army crossed the Bosphorus straits into Thrace and conquered Macedonia and the islands of Lemnos, Chios,…. [read more]

Social Bodies Essay

… Foucault and the Current Discourse of Sexuality

The "History of Sexuality" as posited by Foucault, purportedly is an attempt to disprove the notion that westernized society has been inhibited and repressed sexually for centuries and that the notion of sexuality has become something determined unmentionable that is difficult to talk about (Patton 1998). Foucault argued that Western culture has for a long time been fixated on the notion of sexuality as a social convention resulting from a great deal of discourse, certainly making sexuality ubiquitous and seemingly appearing everywhere (McNay 1994). Foucault is described as politicizing sexuality and the role it has within the processes of the formation of self. Foucault bespeaks the notion of heterosexuality structuring and encoding individual's daily lives and that it…. [read more]

Creation Myth Analysis Term Paper

… The Law was both cause and effect in the recreation of the race after the Babylonian exile."

Unless this fact is taken into account, Wellhausen cautioned, "one will above all fail to understand the great work accomplished by the prophets in destroying Old Israel, and preparing the way first for Judaism, and then for the Gospel"; however, Wellhausen did not merely employ literary arguments as his predecessors had done. In fact, he went so far as to track the development of religious forms and practices and provided an examination of the religious cult of the Hebrews, their ceremonials and holy places, and an analysis of the historical books of the Old Testament. Furthermore, this historian had larger plans for the future including an analysis of…. [read more]

Knowledge Views on the Nature Term Paper

… The subjectivity of the social scientist can be carried even further with some of the other examples. A musicologist studies music and the history of music. Music, unlike regular historical events, can be quantified without much argument. The different notes in a musical scale can be said to correspond to specific oscillations of sound waves, numerical and physical values that can always be exactly reproduced. Whew! At least that was an easy one! But wait a minute...what was that about a musical scale? Yes, that's right, there are many different musical scales. In the Western World, we typically use a heptatonic scale that can be further broken down into major and minor chords. This however, is not the only heptatonic scale that has been or…. [read more]

Leadership Theology of Trump's Base Literature Review

… This, Jones who also recalled similar voting behavior of the evangelicals toward another Republican candidate, George W. Bush 2001, believed, reeked of being partisan than of value. He revealed that the values voting and morality which the evangelicals was known for, has dissipated to "transactional and utilitarian political ethics." He pointed out that the evangelical's attitudes towards political issues and their alliance with Republicans can best be described "elect our guy." In other words, the narrative among the leading figures of the formidable Christian groups in America has now wholly been shifted from morality sake to pure partisanship.

Also, in trying to make sense of the evangelicals choice of Trumps amongst several other Republican candidates at the primary election, and over Clinton at the…. [read more]

Public Passions Shi Jianqiao Term Paper

… Emotion-Based Publics vs. Rational-Modern Publics

In 1934, Jiang Jieshi initiated the New Life Campaign, a regime-engineered movement that advocated a reconfigured form of Confucianism as the basis of national spirit and civilian discipline. These were the prerequisites for the strengthening of society and the nation, moving away from May Fourth ideals of explicit female passion and to emphasize more sublimated, virtuous forms of qing, which could be used to legitimize terror and violence and assassinations, all of which could be deemed legitimate as means of pursuing justice. Sun's legacy was ambiguous, and some thought he clearly deserved to die because of his violent suppression of labor strikes in Shanghai, where he had been the military ruler from late 1925 -- 1927. Shi Jianqiao's provided a…. [read more]

Rural vs. Urban Health Care Disparities Dissertation

… Health Care Disparity in Maryland

Context of the Problem

Unsettling Disparities Occur

Approximately 1,600,000 individuals who live in Maryland either do not have access to healthcare as they cannot afford insurance and/or are underinsured.

In "Health care reform: a vital issue for Maryland's nurses," Anne S. Kasper and Leni Preston (2008) stress this unsettling fact, as they point out that Maryland ranks number 24 in the United States in the number of uninsured residents. Fifteen percent of Maryland's population, almost 800,000 people, in fact, is not insured. The significance of the fact relating to those who do not have access to healthcare, Kasper, and Preston (2008) assert, increases as this magnificent number of individuals without access to healthcare does…. [read more]

Islam and Politics Term Paper

… Islam and Politics

The Islamic states have yet to develop and adjust to the realities of today in order to be considered democratic states. The leadership of such countries does not truly respect the human rights considered essential nor grants the inhabitants the right to participate in the political process.

Bernard Lewis and Robin Wright, at the Johns Hopkins University, wrote in 1996 an essay called "Islam and Liberal Democracy: Recognizing Pluralism." In their paper they explain their belief regarding the status of locals in the political process. According to them, most Muslims live their lives in accordance with the teachings of the Qur'an, as they believe the Book to be God's final message to humanity. Therefore, most Islamists try to live their lives by…. [read more]

Friedrich Engels Term Paper

… Friedrich Engels Biography

Friedrich Engels is described by Terrell Carver (2003) as a man involved in one of the most famous intellectual collaborations of all time (p. 1). That collaboration, as we now know, was the political ideology of socialism. This essay explores the life of Friedrich Engels, his relationship with Karl Marx, his ideas, some of which Carver suggests were actually incorporated into the thinking and work of his partner, Karl Marx, and Carter attempts to sort and separate the ideas with the man. Engels did carry the greater political clout, Carver says, through his "popularizations" of Marx's ideas. Carter says, too, that Engels had original ideas, and that is the subject of this paper. While we know that Engels popularized Marx's ideas, this…. [read more]

Restoration Drama: The Rake Term Paper

… In that sense, there can be said to be a subversive honesty at the heart of the rakes' acceptance of the married state, but that subversive intent is not directed against the institution of marriage per se; on the contrary, it tends to assert an idealized concept of marriage freely chosen between two free individuals who will continue to express that freedom within their marriage.


Edward Ravenscroft's 'The Careless Lovers' has been described as 'an engaging trifle' (Hume (1976), 296) and as a 'farcical intrigue of a very boisterous sort' expressing a 'genuine appreciation of the Restoration comic spirit.' (Lynch (1965), 160-1). It is little-known today, as is the case with all Ravenscroft's work, and is perhaps chiefly notable…. [read more]

First Great Awakening Term Paper

… ¶ … First Awakening

There are three generally accepted Great Awakenings in American history [Great Awakening, 2005]:

The First Great Awakening (1730-1740)

The Second Great Awakening (1820s-1830s)

The Third Great Awakening (1880s-1900s)

Tracy is credited with first introducing the term Great Awakening in his 1842 book of the same name. The Great Awakenings are often credited of having influenced U.S. politics and there is no doubt that religious movements play an important role in public opinion. In the last elections, the religious right is said to have considerable influence in the election of George Bush. Tracy claims that the First (American) Great Awakening played a major role in the War of Independence [Great Awakening, 2005].

Rev. Jonathan Edward's period was of the first Great Awakening…. [read more]

Conflict Theory Thesis

… Criminology

Conflict Theory

In the study of sociology, conflict theory states that the society or organization functions so that each individual participant and its groups struggle to maximize their benefits, which inevitably contributes to social change such as changes in politics and revolutions. The theory is generally applied to explain conflict between social classes in ideologies such as socialism and communism. The theory is used to refute functionalism, which considers that societies and organization function so that each individual and group plays a specific role, like organs in the body. There are radical basic assumptions being made. One is that it is only conflict, which might explain social change. The second is a more moderate one in which custom and conflicts are always mixed (Conflict,…. [read more]

Misrepresentations of African-Americans in Film From the Birth of a Nation Onward Essay

… All serious moviegoers must sooner or later arrive at a point where they see a film for what it is, and not simply for what they feel about it. The Birth of a Nation is not a bad film because it argues for evil. Like Riefenstahl's The Triumph of the Will, it is a great film that argues for evil. To understand how it does so is to learn a great deal about film, and even something about evil.

A film, Ebert argues, can be a cinematic masterpiece and its ideology can still be evil. Although it is no longer watched today very much except in film history classes, it had a positive impact upon many aspects of how modern cinema is produced. However, its…. [read more]

Presumption, Often Promulgated by Scholars and Politicians Essay

… ¶ … presumption, often promulgated by scholars and politicians in the developed world, that social, political and cultural development are synonymous with a move towards modernization. In fact, modernization theory is also sometimes referred to as the developmental doctrine, a paradigm spurred on particularly after World War II when the United States formed its Cold War policy and understood that it had obligations to the developing world (e.g. unindustrialized or newly independent post-colonial nations). Modernization can thus be an evolutionary movement of technological progress or a reaction to the past and a new template for the future. However, we must understand that it is both a continuous, and open-ended, process. It is not the type of social change in which there is a clear beginning,…. [read more]

Hisory of Palliatve Care Palliative Ghost Writing

… Development of instrument that can be used in improvement of palliative care

There are legal standards that are being used in the United States to help sustain the lives of young children. Creation of machines to help in the program to sustain lives especially of those children suffering from long life diseases like cancer is the current project. This is an initiative taken by the pediatric palliative care department. The program will play a significant role in prolonging lives especially to those children with serious illness. Two instruments in the suggestion for use and reviews made to see the effectiveness. Parents and palliative care employees from various institutions gave opinions to act as a guideline on the effectiveness and progress. The instruments are essential in…. [read more]

Gender and Art Term Paper

… (Campbell, 2013)


Clearly, understanding gender and modern art requires instilling a deeper connection with the individual. This is taking place by focusing on them and teaching them the importance of key concepts. These elements will offer a better understanding of key shifts and the influence they are having on stakeholders. Moreover, modern art helps everyone to forge opinions about themselves and who they are. These insights are important, as they are showing how modern art is a way of assisting the person to grow. This means that there are changes in the way gender is represented in a host of works.


Adams, E. (2007). After the Rain. Ann Arbor, MI: Proquest.

Barnes, R. (2002). Teaching Art to Young Children. New York, NY: Springer.…. [read more]

Catholic Church Public Policy in Spain and US Thesis

… As I previously mentioned, the Spanish population is religiously homogeneous. Roman Catholics compose of 99% of the population, while the remaining 1% of the population is composed of those belonging to Jewish, Protestant, Muslim, and Buddhist faiths. In relation to other countries in the European Union, Spain boasts one of the most "religious" populations. As data from a study of religiosity in the European shows, as late as 1982, only Ireland surpasses Spain in religious practice. Further, by the end of the decade, the percentage of individuals identifying themselves as "religious persons" ranged from a low of 48% in Denmark to 72% in the Irish Republic. The Spanish percentage of 68% exceeded all other countries except Ireland, Portugal and Greece. In stark contrast to the…. [read more]

Applied Logistics and Supply Chain Management Dissertation

… ¶ … oil and gas industry in Libya is also directly reliant on global prices that are based on supply and demand; and any revenues generated at a given point in time depend in large part on how effective the supply chain is in mitigating the high costs of production and transporting the final product to customers. The purpose of this study was to provide a comparison between an American oil industry firm, Mobil, the world's largest publicly traded international oil and gas company in the field of supply chain management in the United States from the perspective of the Toyota supply chain approach. This analysis will then be applied to a Libyan oil industry firm, Alwaha, to identify best practices for Alwaha in developing…. [read more]

Gender Differences in Attitudes to Alcohol Use Term Paper

… Gender Differences in Attitudes to Alcohol Use

Alcohol use is virtually as old as mankind, and billions of people around the world enjoy the conviviality and relaxation that are associated with drinking. There have also been some proven medical benefits associated with moderate alcohol consumption. In many cases, though, the casual and social use of alcohol leads to its abuse, and the enormous adverse effects of alcoholism on Western societies have been well-documented time and again. Furthermore, dependence and abuse is highest among young adults aged 17 to 29 years which can lead to profound health and psychosocial problems later in life. While the research into the causes and effects of alcohol use and abuse continue, the fact remains that there are some important differences…. [read more]

Why Does Gender Matter in Sport? Research Paper

… ¶ … Gender Matter in Sports?

There may well be reasons that gender should not matter in sports. However, sidestepping questions of morality or justice, gender does currently matter in sports for several reasons. Gender definitions have traditionally created and perpetuated differences that make gender matter in sports, though these gender definitions are being challenged. In addition, studies have found gender differences in injury, specifically regarding concussions among high school athletes. In any event, due to current circumstances in sports, gender matters.

Gender Definitions

Development of a masculine identity is psychologically fundamental for males (Messner, 1989). Furthermore, a public masculine identity is fundamental for males within society (Messner, 1989). The actual content of any individual's identity comes from that person's choices in areas such as…. [read more]

Juveniles Since Biblical Times Term Paper

… Social Forces, Vol. 75, No. 4, Jun 1997. 1,239-69 pp. Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Akers, R.L. (1973). Law and Control in Society. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Bartol, C., & Bartol, A. (2005). Criminal Behavior: A Psychosocial Approach. (7th Ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall

Juvenile justice panel (2009) Retrieved from:

McCord, J. And Conway, P. (2010). 'Patterns of Juvenile Delinquency and Co-Offending'. In: Waring R, Weisburd D, editors. Crime and Social Organization. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers; 2002. p. 15-30

Puzzanchera, C. (2010) U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Juvenile Arrests 2008

1 I.K. Ben-Amos, Adolescence and Youth in Early Modern English Society (New Haven, 1994).

2. Hugh Cunningham, Children and Childhood in Western Society…. [read more]

Prohibition Term Paper

… Later in this work the father of prohibition will be addressed as his own opinions evolved into those that are held by the most ardent of what he called "teetotalers." Moderation had always been an unachievable goal for the people in the new worlds, facing industrialization and top down profit systems.

All societies in which alcohol is consumed employ a range of strategies to minimize the harm associated with its use. The most effective public policies are those that affect the environment of drinking or influence the drinker's demand for alcohol. These include taxation and price policies, controls on access to alcohol such as limiting the condition and time of sale, modifying the drinking environment, a minimum legal drinking age, and countermeasures against drinking in…. [read more]

Structure and Texture in the Good Soldier and Parade's End by FM Ford Term Paper

… Structure and Texture in Ford's The Good Soldier And Parade's End

As Graham Greene once wrote on the subject of Ford Madox Ford, "No one in our century except James has been more attentive to the craft of letters. He was not only a designer; he was a carpenter: you feel in his work the love of the tools and the love of the material" (Greene 1962, p. 8). In what follows, we intend to explore the ways in which Ford both designed and engineered what are perhaps his two greatest novels, the Good Soldier and Parade's End. Through a rigid analysis of both the formal and textual aspects of Ford's work, we hope to expose those qualities that contributed to Ford's development as one…. [read more]

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