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Communications in a Business Setting Term Paper

… Cooper noted that formal training programs are helpful, but cited another researcher (Hall, 19976) who argued that most "real" training happens during peer-assisted, self-directed learning through such activities as project teams, task forces, electronic relationships, personal networks, customer relationships, and relationships with co-workers. But there was a caveat:

The organization will need to provide supervisory and technological support as well as an organizational culture that promotes learning and risk-taking.

Other possibilities

1. Annette Shelby investigated the quality of communication and determined that perceptions about it depended on variance, or lack thereof, between receiver expectations and outcomes. She developed six testable propositions regarding that, including the mechanical ways in which receivers process information. One of those described the optimal scenario: Under conditions of perceived high aesthetic…. [read more]


Disability and Development Disability Can Have Pervasive Term Paper

… Disability and Development

Disability can have pervasive and devastating effects on the development of individuals, and subsequently their personal and social functioning. When disability does not necessarily affect one's physical functioning or appearance, as in the case of people with intellectual disability, certain challenges arise that may impede the ability to perform in ways non-disabled people take for granted. These challenges may include obtaining employment, succeeding academically, being accepted in social situations, and even living without symptoms of psychiatric illness.

Intellectual disability is a relatively common occurrence. According to the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, approximately 2.5 million people in the United States have an intellectual disability, which accounts for 1% of the American population. What exactly is an intellectual disability (ID)? There are three…. [read more]


Privacy of an Individual Essay

… This is because according to the first formula, the universal rule would mean that all people are subject to background checks. This sounds fair since it will help to find out those who falsify information in their employment applications as well as other applications. However, according to the second formula, employers are using the background checks as a means to an end meaning they are using them to obtain experienced employees for the job and not as ends in themselves which is to get the employees to be rational and not to falsify information.

Social contract theory

According to the social contract theory, an act is ethical if when used as a moral or legal rule, it would be acceptable to majority of the rational…. [read more]


Workplace Democracy Term Paper

… Workplace Democracy

The issue of workplace democracy has long been a topic of debate. Some companies have developed a corporate structure with the concept of workplace democracy as its nucleus. The purpose of this discussion is to describe what workplace democracy is and how organizations effectively foster a climate of workplace democracy. The Organizations that will be assessed include Google, Jet Blue, Nike, Starbucks and eBay. Let us begin our discussion by defining workplace democracy and the purpose it plays in the development of a successful company.

Workplace Democracy

There are many different definitions of the subject at hand, according to Holtzhausen (2002) Workplace democracy is defined as system of governance which truly values individual goals and feelings (e.g., equitable remuneration, the pursuit of enriching…. [read more]


Disabilities Availability of Assistive Technology/Modern Challenges A-Level Outline Answer

… ¶ … Disabilities

Availability of Assistive Technology/Modern Challenges

Although great strides have been made in recent years with respect to assistive technology (AT) in school and the workplace, challenges still remain. As pointed out by Stumbo, Martin and Hedrick (2009), AT must be "affordable, reliable, maintainable and of sufficient quality that the AT device will enable the intended assistance." The need for AT will increase in the future, since Americans' life expectancy is longer, as is the life expectancy, in general, of individuals with disabilities. The National Council on Disability (NCD) released a study in 1993 that provided evidence for the efficacy of AT for children, working-age persons and older persons, enabling these populations to participate more actively in the experiences of their peer groups…. [read more]


Individual Communications: People Essay

… d.). Secondly, the divergent beliefs, actions, reactions, and stated views are totally understood and accepted and tolerated as part of the normal human behavior. Third, goodwill, sincerity, and warmth are extended to every individual in the workforce without the use of stereotypes to ensure that they feel high levels of mutual empathy. Finally, the entire organization and individuals persist in their efforts to acknowledge diversity and cultural awareness. Rather than insist on similarity, the organization is committed to enhancing overall knowledge and seek to benefit from the long-term people's differences.

Diversity in an organization basically refers to the various differences between people and involves how people perceive themselves and others. Diversity and lack of diversity within the organization influences the interactions and communication between workers…. [read more]


Sign Language in Public Settings Research Proposal

… In addition, a random sampling of members of organizations for the deaf will form a second group who will also be interviewed and respond to surveys about their receptivity to use technology to facilitate interpretation in complex communication settings.

Sampling. The sampling technique employed for this study is purposive. A panel of private service providers who have clients who are deaf and employers who have a number of employees who are deaf will be selected for the study sample.

Data collection and analysis. Both interviews and surveys will be used. Surveys will have both open ended sections which will be analyzed using quantitative methods and multiple choice sections, which will be analyzed using cross-tabs. Qualitative methods like constant comparative will be used for data reduction…. [read more]


Effective Communication Skills for Early Essay

… "

Indeed, while effective communication skills are an important asset in any organizational setting, the need for such skills in especially pronounced in early childhood settings. In this regard, Curtis and O'Hagan (2003, p. 130) add that, "It is rare that any non-early years manager is likely to have to liaise with so many different professionals in the day-to-day management of a company / department/section." Likewise, it is important that early childhood educators develop specific communication skills that allow them to meet the needs of others as well as communicating their own needs in the workplace (Rodd, 2006). In general, these types of communication skills can be grouped into the categories shown in Table 1 below.

Table 1

Types of Effective Communication Skills Needed by…. [read more]


American Sign Language Interpreters Term Paper

… American Sign Language Interpreters

The objective in this research in focus upon American Sign Language Interpreters in educational settings.

The issue of deafness in today's schools is being addressed by society and most specifically "special education. Alexander Bell wrote that he was not clearly "definite in his beliefs as language supposed. " in his work Bell does not state that oral training for all deaf students is absolutely necessary however he does believe that training for all deaf children is superior. (Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education)

In an article entitled "The Question of Sign-Language and the Utility of Signs in the Instruction of the Deaf: Two Papers by Alexander Graham Bell (1898) reprinted from the Educator (1898) Vol. V pp. 3-4 and 38-44…. [read more]


Workplace Communication Disability Challenges Research Paper

… The specialist/translator would be there to facilitate communications.

The next step needed to provide support is to have the technological infrastructure in place so that easy communications using digital technology can be achieved. The communications disabled worker should not be made to feel that special treatment or special changes are being made just for his sake. This can create the feeling of stigma, especially if peers reject these changes. Thus, they should be made before a disabled person is hired. The infrastructure should include the ability to send electronic exchanges from anywhere in the office and a policy for all exchanges to be made using this technology. The rationale would be that it leaves a digital trail so that all communications can be preserved.…. [read more]


How Does the American Disabilities Act (ADA) Support the Employment of Individuals With Disabilities? Thesis

… The x value was calculated to be 1.575 and the standard deviation was 0.497.

The next question that was asked in the research survey was about the employers having complete description of every position in their organization. According to the results, the x value was calculated to be 1.5 with a standard deviation of 0.503. 49% of the employers claimed that they did have a complete description of every position; meanwhile a same percentage of the respondents answered this question in negative. 1 person chose not to respond to this question. In order to rule out any ambiguity, the respondents that chose to answer this question in positive were asked if the description of the job positions in their organization also mentioned the description pertaining…. [read more]


Communication Diversity and a Hostile Work Environment Research Paper

… Organizational success depends on effective communication, as well as the ability to adapt organizational culture and environment to a changing workforce. The establishment of values that support diversity can be challenging in large organizations with entrenched cultures resistant to change. Research in communications and organizational psychology can help guide organizational leaders to create a more harmonious, supportive, and inclusive workplace. Organizations within heterogeneous and homogenous societies alike may struggle to meet the diverse needs of employees, and can mitigate diversity-related challenges with commitment and a comprehensive evidence-based plan of action.

Diversity is an all-encompassing word that refers to a heterogeneous workplace environment. Ideally, an organization's ethical principles include a commitment to diversity as a core value. Diversity may be pursued for purely business goals such…. [read more]


Productivity in the Workplace Term Paper

… Physiologically, the human brain thrives on fun.

Different Psychologies' Perception of Fun at Workplace

Fun at work cannot be prescribed for every establishment. It is only suggested for those enterprises, which realize the fact that the next most important boost in productivity shall be driven by the organization's people, and not its technology. Fun works as the catalyst for firms that are prepared to propel into the subsequent level of business success.

Most people think that fun activities at workplace demonstrate irresponsible and careless attitude, and stands against their professional ego. At first, most employees do not want to participate in fun activities on the notion that they are "childish" activities. The basic reason for this abstinence is because they want to retain the cloak…. [read more]


Occupational Health and Safety Workplace and Employee Term Paper

… Occupational Health and Safety

Workplace and Employee Health:

There is a widespread relationship between work and our health which is seemingly not perceptible to many. The duties we perform the settings in which we work and the different aspects of the labor market experience, and health services delivery, have major impact on the work and health relationship of individuals. This is a crucial issue as work constitutes a major portion of our lives. Majority among us will devote almost 40 years or more in individual work atmosphere for five days a week, eight hours daily which translates to nearly a third of our lives spent on the job. Although the nature of work has undergone changes remarkably in last half a century, the present day…. [read more]


Canada Public Policy: ADHD Term Paper

… Mostly the public policy does not depend on evidence but on legal notion of "what is or is not in the public interest" (Dukelow, 2004).

Canada was the first country in western countries which introduced the Charter of Rights and Freedoms for individuals with disability in 1982. For this purpose the section (15)(1)(2) was included in the charter. Section (15) states that:

(1) "Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to equal protection and benefit of the law without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, sex, age, or mental or physical disability."

(2) Subsection (1) does not preclude any law, program or activity that has as its object the amelioration of conditions of disadvantaged individuals…. [read more]


Human Behavior in Organizations Understanding Term Paper

… Managers who have a strong sense and ignore their weaknesses on the self-evaluation report should welcome the fact that people have weaknesses, and work on them to improve their leadership skills. Self-evaluation helps in discovering the abilities and disabilities of leaders. Therefore, leaders must welcome their disabilities. In so doing, managers become strong in leadership and provide effective leadership towards their subjects.

Q.2 Discuss how you can personally reduce prejudice in your workplace

Prejudice refers to having a judgment about a person or a thing based on their characteristics and desirability. Although there are some positive prejudices, the term has a negative suggestion. The meaning of prejudice has no correlation with discrimination because prejudice is mental and depends on people's differences in behavior to treat…. [read more]


In-Depth Interviewing as a Methodology Methodology Chapter

… ¶ … Interviewing as a Methodology

The interview coordinates a conversation aimed at obtaining desired information. He or she makes the initial contact, schedules the event, designates its location, sets out the ground rules, and then begins to question the interviewee. Questions elicit answers in more or less anticipatable format until the interviewer's agenda is completed and the interview ends. Gubrium & Holstein discuss in their writing that the interview is a viable procedure useful in securing knowledge. Individuals have not always been viewed as important sources of knowledge about their own experiences. Particular forms of questioning have been around for a while. The style of interviewing can be traced back to parents and children, prisoners and lawyers etc. The basic interview changed after World…. [read more]


American With Disabilities Act Term Paper

… This leads to increase worker productivity through greater understanding and cooperation of the special needs and modifications required by Americans who have disabilities. Not only are relations improved, but education leads to improved hiring practices that allow more opportunities for applicants with disabilities to become part of the workforce. With increased awareness, the employers gain a greater understanding of the advantages of employing persons with disabilities.

Annual Estimates of Individuals to be served in Florida

Estimated numbers of individuals projected to be determined to be eligible and served during fiscal year 2001-2002 are based on three years of historical data.

Number of applicants projected to be determined eligible by the Agency in fiscal year 2001-2002 (Florida State Disability Plan, 2002)

NUMBER ACHIEVING EMPLOYMENT OUTCOME

TOTAL…. [read more]


Meeting the Challenge of Sexual Harassment Term Paper

… Meeting the Challenge of Sexual Harassment

Anti-Harassment Strategy

Sexual harassment is one of the issues that interfere with the well-functioning of many organizations, distorting the work environment and creating uncomfortable situation for employees. Several media and government surveys have revealed that the percentage of sexually harassed women in the U.S. companies now reaches 40%-60% (Wikipedia, 2007). It is clear that the implementation of anti-harassment strategies in the U.S. companies is imperative.

Companies that manufacture and sell agricultural products usually tend to orient towards male employees, as this sector is considered by some to not be very suitable for female employees. Such perceptions favor sexual harassment and its development. In our company's case, of the total of 1,200 employees only 30% are female. In order to…. [read more]


Management of Commination as a Result of Workforce Diversity Research Paper

… Workplace Diversity, Communication With Management

Problem Identification and background

One of the most crucial factors for any firm is its human capital, because it is the engine or rather the force that drives any organization. As a firm seeks to realize its goals and objectives, it requires individuals to run or manage other production factors. It is therefore very important for a firm to have in the right place, the right individual with the proper academic, social and professional skills for the functions and responsibilities that have to be handled. To achieve this, it is important that an organization selects from a wide source pool, and not to limit themselves to a certain group of people. Firms can achieve this by scouting for people from…. [read more]


Workplace Stress Study Term Paper

… Overtime work can also result in poor mental performances and other illnesses. The economic downturn, personal lives, low income and huge amount of workload have added to stress at job (Jadwiga, 2009).

When a person is experiencing stress, his hormones are released which included cortisol and catecholamines (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2003). The prolong activation of stress related illnesses can cause the system to disrupt the processes of the body and increase various problems related to health (APA, 2014). One of the illnesses is allostatic load which is a biological burden that is exacted on the body through regular adaptation of emotional and physical stress (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2003). This also results in autoimmune and inflammatory disorders, cognitive impairment, depression,…. [read more]


Teaching Profoundly Mentally Retarded People Term Paper

… The use of completely segregated sites is something that is still being used depending on the severity of the disability and the age of the student. There are advantages to this type of teaching because the site can be constructed to measure success in many areas including living skills instead of the main focus being on academics. The disadvantage to this style of teaching is that segregation defeats the entire idea of inclusion.

In recent history there have been many technological breakthroughs that are currently used as assistive technologies for the purpose of leveling the playing field so they can take part in being educated. Things such as specialized computers, switches and hip talkers all work to mainstream the severely and profoundly mentally retarded into…. [read more]


Workplace Diversity and Human Resource Management Term Paper

… Human Resource Management -- Diversity in the Workplace

Bell, Myrtle P., Diversity in Organizations, 2nd Edition (2012), Cengage Learning

Assignments (3 pages per assignment = 9 pages)

Read Chapters 1 and 2.

Answer questions 1-5 on page 36.

What is diversity?

Diversity in the book is defined as either real or perceived differences in people in regard to race, ethnicity, sex, age, physical and mental ability, sexual orientation, religion, work and family status, weight and appearance, and other identity-based attributes that affect their interactions and relationships. One of the key words in this statement is "perceived" and it is important to note that diversity is based on perceptions of differences rather than actual differences.

How can relevant diversity issues be identified in different contexts?

The…. [read more]


Managing Diversity Is a Fact Research Paper

… 15). As Figiel and Kummel Sasser point out, companies are comprised of people and people have prejudices that cannot be easily erased. A third general problem for Diversity is the different attitudes of different cultures. For example, Rich and Mihalek discuss a study involving a fictional job applicant who lies on his resume and showing that different cultures may act differently when faced with ethical problems. Focusing on students in order to determine how they will eventually behave in the workplace, Rich and Mihalek found that minority students "felt much stronger than the non-minority students that the liar was preventing a more qualified person from getting the job...felt a stronger sense of loyalty to the university...are more sensitive to ethical transgressions by their peers and…. [read more]


Diversity in the Workplace Research Paper

… ¶ … Diversity in the Workplace a Worthwhile Goal for Corporations?

The American workplace has been changing over the past decade. This change has moved from the Anglo-white male population to diverse segments of the population. Diversity includes the growing number of women in the workforce, people of different religions, people with diverse education background, Aging workers, and people from different ethnic groups as well as handicapped individuals. Companies and organizations must use and understand the human potential of workers of diverse qualities. Only those organizations that recognize people of diverse cultures will retain the best talent in the market. Diversity in workplace is a worthwhile venture for organizations due to numerous benefits including improvements in performance, organization image, productivity, and competitive advantage.

When one…. [read more]


Adults With Learning Disabilities Term Paper

… 58). Many people with LD have succeeded in the workplace, often as entrepreneurs, and recent legislation is intended to ease the process of disclosing a disability and obtaining on-the-job accommodations (Brown and Gerber 1994). Adults with LD are employed at the same rate as those with out disabilities, but many are underemployed in part-time, entry-level, minimum-wage jobs (Blackorby and Wagner

1997). Like other workers, people with LD must cope with workplace changes such as teamwork, productivity and skill demands, and technological advances (Brown and Gerber 1994).

In some of the literature (Kerka, 2002)3, on-the-job problems are framed in terms of individual deficits: persons with LD are said to encounter difficulties in establishing routines and processing information correctly (Ohler, Levinson, and Barker 1996); often exhibit low…. [read more]


Employment Law Case Research Paper

… (Workplace Fairness, 2013)

Examples of unlawful national origin discrimination are the following stated types of discrimination based on national origin:

(1) Affiliation: Harassing or otherwise discriminating because an individual is affiliated with a particular religious or ethnic group.

(2) Physical or cultural traits and clothing: Harassing or otherwise discriminating because of physical, cultural, or linguistic characteristics, such as accent or dress associated with a particular religion, ethnicity, or country of origin. Height and weight requirements can also be evidence that an employer discriminates against a specific national origin, if the requirements do not relate to the job.

(3) Perception: Harassing or otherwise discriminating because of the perception or belief that a person is a member of a particular racial, national origin, or religious group, even…. [read more]


HR Management EEOC Are Initials Essay

… Although some people share some similarities with one another, differences are also evident. Some differences include non-visible and visible factors such as personal characteristics including background, work style, personality, language, experience and culture. The workplace discrimination law covers a wide range of factors protecting employees against unfair treatment. The law protects employees against discrimination based on age, sexual orientation, religion, maternity, pregnancy, marriage, sex, gender, disability and race. Just like the ever-changing technologies, diversity in the workplace has become a common business reality. The global competition, the trends and the advances in technology are having implications and require adaptations for an organization to remain competitive and effective in the market place. This has similar application to diversity. Consequently, organizations that seek to maintain their competitive…. [read more]


Managing Diversity in the Workplace Valuing Term Paper

… Managing Diversity in the Workplace

Valuing diversity should be a consistent effort of every professional development- from the top leadership to employees at all levels within the organization.

The growing economic liberalism necessitated increasing communication among people of varied cultures, faiths and milieu. Presently people are not dealing with a protected market. They are presently succumbed to global liberalization and prone to competition forced by almost every continent. The diversity is considered advantageous to both contacts and employers. Irrespective of the fact that the associates are considered mutually dependent in the workplaces, due regard to their differences have profound impact on enhancement of productivity. The diversity in the workplace decreases the number of law suits and enhances the marketing opportunities, recruitment, creativity and business image.…. [read more]


Diversity in the Workplace Literature Review

… (DuPont, 1999, p.11) Dealing with the spaniel personality requires that one "be entertaining" and that one "pay them direct compliments." (DuPont, 1999, p.12) As well when dealing with the spaniel personality one must allow them "plenty of time to state their case and support their dreams and opinions." (DuPont, 1999, p.12) When dealing with the collie personality it is recommended that one "show them personal interest before getting to the subject" and that one provide this personality type with a mentor and "actively listen and discuss alternatives slowly." (DuPont, 1999, p.12) DuPont notes that an important consideration in development of workplace diversity is that of 'prejudice'. Prejudice is reported as a "preconceived feeling or bias and it's a normal human reaction." (DuPont, 1999, p.13) Prejudices…. [read more]

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