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World Religions for Many People Essay

… "To dramatically emphasize the point that refugees are people, not environmental problems, we remind readers that the refugee experience has deep religious significance. It is called Exodus; the holy family's flight to Egypt; the Hijra; the Pandavas' exile in the forest; and taking refuge in the Three Jewels. When states disparage refugees they spurn Moses and Adonai; Mary and Jesus; Mohammed and Allah; Arjuna and Krishna; Guru Rinpoche and Buddha. Protecting refugees is a sacred act" (Hein & Niazi, 2009). How each cultural tradition approaches this idea may be a reflection of underlying religious ideals.

Clearly there remains tremendous diversity in the world's religions. Globalization, rather than decreasing religious differences may actually increase differences because it increases competition over scarce resources. On the other hand,…. [read more]

Religion/Theology Environment and Globalization Christine Term Paper

… If global corporations think only of growth and income, they do not include everyone in their plan.

The next suggested step is a "new participation'42 by "creative leadership'42 within the Christian community. Burke suggests that a new view needs to emerge. The Church must change, become more aware, and more vocal towards the health of societies. The rich nations have the means to ransack the earth of its resources without regard to those less fortunate. At some point one must ask what the real cost of an SUV is, how much grain does a cow consume, and where does all the non-reclaimed garbage go? A holistic view encompasses each aspect of the whole. Globalization forces a narrow view on the world without considering the whole.…. [read more]

Religion What Roles Do the Gods Essay

… Religion

What roles do the Gods and Goddesses play in Hinduism and what do they tell us about the Hindu concept of the Divine (Brahman)?

There are different roles played by the gods and goddesses in Hinduism. Each god or goddesses have a unique role. For instance, Kama is a god of Love. Though the gods and goddesses are many, there is a supreme god known as Brahman. In essence, the religion remains monotheistic. Brahman is a supreme reality that surpasses human knowledge and understanding.

Hinduism believes in the concept of "many paths under one truth." For instance, when a certain family worships several gods, another family may be worshiping a different god. Even though Buddhists may worship different gods, the central supreme reality is…. [read more]

Religion Is an Analysis Term Paper

… (Pg. 158) Although he was of Romanian extraction, Eliade harboured a strong fascination for Hinduism and studied in Calcutta. Eliade believed that religion had to be studied "as something religious" rather than in abstraction "by means of physiology, psychology, sociology, economics, linguistics, art or any other study." (pg. 161) Like modern day suburban 'Celestine Prophesy' bohemians who don't follow 'organized religion but consider themselves to be 'spiritual,' Eliade believed that "life can be changed by what he called a 'sacramental' experience." (Pg. 159)

Eliade founded the basis for what we today would call cultural relativism. He believed that for one to understand the basis, one had to step outside one's role as a functional unit in modern society and instead step into the shoes (sandals?)…. [read more]

How Do We Find Values in the Contemporary World? Research Paper

… ¶ … Values in the Contemporary World

Religion stands as one of the most important values in the contemporary society and it has always been influential in assisting people as they experienced progress. Even with the fact that it is also responsible for generating numerous controversies, religion is, as a whole, beneficial because of the moral values that it promotes, given that it influences people to perform moral acts. Most people who are against religion are fueled by its turbulent history and because of the fact that many individuals throughout history have interpreted religion and used religious teachings incorrectly. Present-day society has experienced much progress in the recent years and it appears that the world (with the exception of some communities) is heading toward a…. [read more]

Religion There Are Few Opportunities Research Paper

… Monism implies that anything that hurts the earth also hurts human beings. Moreover, if human beings are not hierarchically superior to the land, then humanity theoretically shares an "essential identity" with all life (Nelson 64). Advaita Vedanta theoretically encourages a sense of reverence for nature. In practice, however, Advaita Vedanta does no such thing. Nowhere in the Vedas is there specific reference to the relationship between a human being and the natural world. Such a relationship does not exist, because both human beings and nature are equally as much a part of Brahman. While this metaphysical construct would make human beings and nature equally valuable in the grand scheme of things, it does not mandate any specific ecological ethical behavior.

Nelson notes that the "dominant…. [read more]

Kung and Edwards an Analysis of Theology Essay

… Kung and Edwards

An Analysis of Theology in Dennis Edwards' Ecology at the Heart of Faith and Hans Kung's a Global Ethic

Faith in the modern world is dissimilar from that which existed in the medieval age of faith, when Church doctrine was preached and understood; when such a thing as heresy existed and was feared; when nations were united under one religion -- one faith. Today, the desire for unity is no less -- but it is no more founded upon the desire for truth; rather, it is founded upon the desire that everyone unite together under the faith of a new global ethic -- a global religion that unites believers and non-believers alike: "We invite all people, whether religious or not, to…commit to…. [read more]

Christian Ethics in Relation to Capitalism Essay

… Christian Ethics in Relation to Capitalism and Ecology

The role of Christian ethics in the political sphere has shifted dramatically over the last thirty years, as the fall of the Soviet Union and a growing awareness of the planet's interconnected nature has forced a reevaluation of theology's role in public life. The near-total triumph of capitalism over socialism and communism (even in ostensibly "communist" states such as China) requires theologians to consider how Christian ethics might be usefully applied to this dominant economic system, while increasing evidence of humanity's effect on the planet requires a simultaneous reevaluation of ecology as to how it can embody Christian ethics. The crises of the next century will largely be economic and ecological, and theologians must necessarily direct their…. [read more]

Marilyn Manson? Term Paper

… Davis feels that cults and other ethno-sociological problems are also the result of Los Angeles' totalitarian system. He writes, "Paranoia about nature, of course, distracts attention from the obvious fact that Los Angeles has deliberately put itself in harm's way. For generations, market-driven urbanization has transgressed environmental common sense... As a result, Southernern California has reaped flood, fire, and earthquake tragedies that were as avoidable, as unnatural as the beating of Rodney King and the subsequent explosion in the streets."(9)

Davis accuses the city administration and its planner for all the problems that Southernern Californians are facing today including its fascination with occult. However this may appear to be slightly confusing for someone who has not read other book by Davis. For this reason, let…. [read more]

World Religions and Ecology the Book Research Paper

… World Religions and Ecology

The book "A Short History of Progress" by Ronald Wright is in fact not primarily a history of progress, but rather a recording of what unmanageable progress can do and how the extraordinary technological and scientific progress may, one day, bring the end of this civilization, just as it has so many others before, unless it is properly controlled and its effects properly managed and countered.

From his perspective, the 20th century brought about an uncontrollable growth in everything ranging from demographics to technology and from urban and economic development to information technology. While all these should have primarily a positive effect and positive consequences on humanity and on the development of the human society, they also impact the environment, reduce…. [read more]

Worldview of Hinduism Term Paper

… Hindu Worldview

The Worldview of Hinduism

Of all the world's major religions, Hinduism stands out for a number of reasons. Not only is Hinduism truly ancient, it is not so much a religion as it is a loose compilation of individual beliefs concerning the universe and humankind's role in it. The research will show that Hinduism has experienced some fundamental changes over the millennia that have influenced the overall practice of its religious aspects, but the basic worldview embraced by its adherents remains essentially the same. To determine what worldview is espoused by Hindus today, this paper provides a review of the peer-reviewed and scholarly literature to determine what Hinduism is, what worldview is held by its practitioners and how these views have changed over…. [read more]

Human Condition Both the Great Term Paper

… In Sacred Energies Maguire agrees with Berry in his assessment of the ecological situation: the earth finds itself in a crisis. Human beings have destroyed much of the earth's resources, and science is being used to remedy mistakes rather than to sustain what is left. Like Berry, Maguire assesses the culprit to be humanity's lack of spirituality. He however does not call for a divorce from major Western religions such as Christianity, but rather a rekindling of the best qualities of both Western and Eastern religions, to form a symbiosis within religions.

Thus, rather than in the earth itself, Maguire's suggested cure for the earth crisis is in an integration of existing religions to combat the destructive paradigms of capitalism and consumerism. The problem is…. [read more]

Respond to Hj Mccloskey Term Paper

… ¶ … Atheist" by H.J. McCloskey and answer the following questions using "Philosophy of Religion-Thinking About Faith" second edition by C.Stephens Evans & R. Zacharary Manis and the article "The Absurdity of Life With God" by William Lane Craig. I am permitted to use some outside help, but mostly the ones given:

On the Cosmological argument: McCloskey claims that the mere existence of the world constitutes no reason for believing in such a being (i.e. A necessarily existing being)

This is a misnomer. This, like Evans' article, does not hold true objectivity. There is more of a Christian influence, and a defensive combativeness accordingly. The resilience of the Cosmological Argument rests in its straightforwardness and readily comprehensible concept that there cannot be infinite causes to…. [read more]

Switzerland History, Culture and Lifestyle Economic Situation Thesis

… Switzerland

History, Culture and Lifestyle

Economic Situation

The Relationship between the United States and Switzerland



The Swiss Cuisine

The Swiss Lifestyle

Religion in Switzerland

Demographics in Switzerland

Holiday Celebration in Switzerland

Fashion in Switzerland

Tradition and Customs in Switzerland

History, Culture and Lifestyle

Switzerland, or the Swiss Confederation was founded in 1921 and initially it was intended to be a defensive alliance among three cantons. The alliance developed in the following years, as more cantons joining the initial alliance. Even so, the Swiss Confederation only gained its independence from the Roman Empire in 1499.

Much later, in 1848, the confederation was replaced with a centralized federal government, through the constitution that was also modified in 1874.

Some of the country's trademarks are its…. [read more]

Phillis Wheatley and Slavery Term Paper

… ¶ … Slavery:

Seen Through the Eyes of Phillis Wheatley

Sometimes the best advocates for causes are those individuals that rise from the pit of despair and can say "I have done it and you can, too." Phillis Wheatley took this to heart and put herself in the public eye discussing one of the most passionate and painful aspects of her community. While would many would be happy to complain behind closed doors, Wheatley wrote openly about the horrors of slavery and the bravery of hope. She executed something that many people cannot do: she tackled a topic of which she is passionate and tempered it with wisdom and hope. Many may call her "just a poet" but Wheatley was brave beyond words, addressing slavery,…. [read more]

Environmental History Outlines of an Early Christian Idea of Wilderness Term Paper

… Christian Idea of Wilderness

The early Christian idea of the wilderness concept is the result of many millennia of human evolution in terms of mode of living and thinking. Human beings evolved firstly as part of nature; using natural forces for their survival. When human beings became aware that nature might be manipulated for the perpetuation of human life, they became agents of ecological change. The agricultural mode of living culminated in a similar type of religion, with fertility and nature at its center. This was replaced as Yahweh, the god of Judaism gradually replaced the importance of the natural with the supernatural.

God created the world and all things in it"

This belief is the result of the evolution of the god concept from…. [read more]

Cold War and Globalization Term Paper

… The terrible problems of Africa, for example, with AIDs running rampant and starvation (famine) and wars taking a huge tool, need to be taken into account when the globalization issues are being faced. An article in Foreign Policy (March-April 2004) points out that "bringing Africa into the fold [of globalization] has been one of the most daunting challenges of the globalization process."

In Africa, where there already is a level of poverty unseen in other parts of the world, economies were affected by "economic misfortunes worldwide in 2002," which offered "little relief for the region." In fact, "financial flows to Africa dried up, in tandem with declining global investment." And in contrast to a more rapid growth rate in other parts of the world, "Africa…. [read more]

Keystone Species in Mid-1800's, Telegraphy Essay

… The relation between two individuals or organizations in any way whether professional or personal is all because of sustainment of information ecologies. Any sort of medium that is essential for the populace living today, and that is what makes it keystone ecologies.

This study sees social network tummlers as a kind of contemporary keystone species, updating Nardi and O'Day's figuration of individuals that help shape and diversify information ecologies.

The more diverse are the keystone ecologies the more will there be the chances that in case of extinction of one of the keystone ecology specie might replace it with keystone ecology.


Johnson, S. (2010). Where Good Ideas Come From: The Natural History of Innovation. London: Penguins Books Ltd.

Keystone Species Hypothesis. (1996). Retrieved September…. [read more]

Particularism vs. Cultural Ecology Franz Term Paper

… Man adapts to two environments cognitive and operative Culture imposed on nature as well as nature imposed on culture. How men participate in an ecosystem depends not only on the structure and composition of that ecosystem but also upon the cultural baggage of those who enter it, what they and their descendents subsequently receive by diffusion or invent themselves the demands imposed on the local population from outside, and the needs which may be fulfilled by the local population from abroad.

Rappaport, as quoted in Marquette)

Here, we see that Rappaport is much more interested in the specifics of the historical situation as they present themselves to the observer and in considering the possibility of outside influences as well of the effects of the culture…. [read more]

Family Ecology Term Paper

… Family Ecology

The family is considered the basic unit of the society. It is where a person acquires his/her basic characteristics and habits. They say that the personality of an individual is very much affected by the family background. Since ancient times, the family has been an important organization in the society. The family, among the oldest and most fundamental of human institutions, consists of a man and a woman, who are generally expected to produce children, care for them, and help train them in the ways of their culture. This simple family, known as the conjugal, elementary, or nuclear family, is present in virtually all known societies (Lexicon Universal Encyclopedia, 1994). The precise definition of "family" is difficult to attain. Once classical definition is…. [read more]

Human Ecology Essay

… Greer's area of focus is on the sustainablility of current energy strategies, and he makes it clear that our current mode of living will not survive the exhaustion of fossil fuel resources, and that the consequences of this change are likely to be drastic, but without the relief accorded by a sudden apocalyptic ending. This is also the point of Heinberg's article "Temporary Recession or the End of Growth?" -- Heinberg states outright that we are in transition to a post-fossil-fuel society already, and the only question is how intelligently we are able to manage such a transition with the large-scale "economic contraction" (as he terms it) that is its necessary consequence.

With so much chastening reading, however, certain factors stand out. Present modes of…. [read more]

Taoism Introduction to Terms Term Paper

… "

And so it is clear to the student of Taoism that the followers of this faith / philosophy used the name of a king, or great person, to attach to many other aspects of their lives, and that made sense for them. It is likely the same kind of attachment that modern people make for current events based on symbols of past events.

In a chapter called "The Mysterious Portal" (Taoism: The Road to Immortality, 75), author John Blofeld goes into great literary depths to describe immortality from the point-of-view of Taoism. The absence of a "boundary line" between immortals that clearly elevated themselves from being mere mortals into immortals because they attained great things, and between "mythical immortals" (something like folk heroes who…. [read more]

Toulmin Model Argument Essay

… Civilizations and Nations that have some corruption in them have went through circumstances of nature destruction like removing trees or selling of land in places such as wooded areas or wet areas. In its place, leaders at all levels should inspire more time in nature, support ecological approachable programs like formation of arboretums (Merritt, 2010), endorsing a green earth and eco-consumer goods all through shopping, and formation of dams among others.


Essentially, human beings are the ones that are called to make sure that the earth is taken care of. It is their job to make sure that they have the best interest of the environment. They need to take care of the earth just as they take care of their own bodies. This…. [read more]

Ears Are Blasted Daily Essay

… Sorely asserts that in "countless communities around the world" the church has little or no presence. So when a missionary project reaches those communities, they should adopt a strategy that is designed to "bring healing to the creation by striving to replenish the wood, water, and food supplies needed by the people." This, above all, will be met with open hearts and open minds. Because it is the new, relevant way to bring Christ's love and God's Gospel to towns that suffer from the affects of global climate change.

Sorely also asserts that many people who have been active in the environmental movement have rejected the church because it has been nearly completely silent on the issues. So, when the church opens its doors to…. [read more]

Christians and the Environment Research Paper

… Many people, good Christians included, believe that dealing with some of the suffering of humanity is at a higher level of importance than the environment.

However, the problem with this viewpoint is that the environment underscores all human interactions. An abused and neglected environment is the sign of an abused and neglected psyche of society at large. The two are reflective of one another. In healing the environment, we're healing ourselves. There's a reason why so much violence occurs in neighborhoods where filth and poverty reside: the reasons are multi-faceted, but the environment is a contributing factor.

Thus, as responsible Christians, we owe it to ourselves to bring the environment back to a state where it can be enjoyed and respected once more. As responsible…. [read more]

Historical Roots of Our Ecological Crisis Research Proposal

… Ecological Crisis -- Historical Roots

The Historical Roots of Our Ecological Crisis: A Summary

According to White, the word etymology first appeared in the English language in the year 1873. He traced the etymology of ecology back to the marriage of theoretical and sophisticated science to the empirical technology about four generations ago (1203). In an attempt to understand the roots of what is known as the ecological crisis, White discussed three important historical factors:

Western Tradition of Science & Technology. Although modern technology and science have elements from all over the world, technology remained to be Western -- in style and in method. This Western leadership in science has existed way before the Scientific Revolution of th3 17th century. On the other hand, this…. [read more]

Early Civilization Term Paper

… ¶ … Civilizations

Singers of an ancient Egyptian hymn to the Nile cried, "O inundation of the Nile, offerings are made unto you, men are immolated to you, great festivals are instituted for you," testimony to the direct and clear relationship between the peoples of the Nile and the land on which they thrived. Similarly, the peoples of the Tigris-Euphrates valley also honored the ebbs and flows of their great rivers, keenly in touch with the ability of the waters, currents, tides, and rains to determine the outcomes of harvests. Early civilizations devoted attention to geography in their religious and literary texts, illustrating the key role that agriculture played in the development of Egyptian and Mesopotamian cultures. From nomadic hunter-gatherers organized into small bands to…. [read more]

Mayan Culture Term Paper

… Mayan Culture

Who Were the Mayans?

The Mayans were one of the earliest civilizations to build great buildings which still stand today. Much of their architecture related in some way to the things that were important to them in everyday life. These people will never be forgotten, because monuments to them remain in the form of the ruins of their ancient cities and burial chambers, but many argue that the Mayan culture died out many years ago. Many of the things that the Mayans created had to do with death and religion, which were closely tied together, for obvious reasons.

Some of the most popular of the Mayan creations were their pyramids. These pyramids were huge, and some took as long as 300 years to…. [read more]

Uthman Dan Fodio Research Paper

… Usman Dan Fodio

In attempting to record and understand the life of someone as complex and impactful as Usman dan Fodio, one must be careful note not only his impact during his life, but also the reverberating influence he had following his death in 1817. With that in mind, this examination of Usman dan Fodio's life and work will include not only his life in and subsequent flee from the city-state of Gobir, the Fulani war or jihad, and subsequent creation of the Fulani empire, but also the influence he has had on the modern state of Nigeria, both as a religious and political leader. Doing so will help to reveal some of the nuance of a man equally committed to writing poetry and history…. [read more]

Action(s) Should Christians Research Paper

… Surely, it would practically be impossible for someone today to consider that absolutely all of the activities that he or she performs are environmental-friendly. Even with that, the respective person should do anything in his or her power in order to pollute as little as possible, as people are likely to find that it is actually very easy to assist the environment. The general purpose of Christianity is to protect and save humanity, and, considering that in order to do so Christians should first focus on saving the planet because it is humanity's home, it only seems natural for Christians to want to take on an environmentalist position. Christians are traditionally focused on protecting the natural world, as "there is a tendency, especially among some…. [read more]

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