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Writings During Colonial India Term Paper

… Women Writing in Colonial India

Mary Graham wrote the Journal of Residence in India. The author was an English woman from Cockersmouth near Cumberland. In the year 1808, she was on a journey of discovery to India what was then a British occupied Indian subcontinent. She met a British Lieutenant Mr. Thomas Graham on the ship and by the time the ship arrived on the Indian shores, they were already engaged (GRAHAM 1813).

They married in December 1809. During her stay in India, Maria travelled throughout the Indian subcontinent, taking interest in what she saw and absorbing the new cultures she witnessed. Upon her return to her home country of England, she published a journal in which she had captured her experiences in the subcontinent.…. [read more]


Colonial America -- Issues and Answers Essay

… Colonial America -- Issues and Answers

Did race determine whom the colonists, would enslave, or was it coincidental that the majority of the enslaved population would be a certain group? Contrast the slavery issues in Chesapeake with the slavery in South Carolina and Georgia.

In the book Slavery in Colonial America, 1619-1776, author Betty Wood delves deeply into the dynamics of the work that needed to be done in Virginia -- and who would do that work -- beginning in Roanoke in the 1580s (but that community vanished, never to be heard from). Meanwhile, before British settlers left Europe for the New World it was known that Spanish galleons "laden down with gold and other precious metals" were making their way back to Europe from…. [read more]


Passage to India Term Paper

… Passage to India

Colonial India is a place of mystery and subterfuge. Situations of racial and ethnic strife, occurring long before the development of a British colonial India create a landscape that is worsened in some ways by the British presence. Though it was in the British interest to subvert social conflict, it was only for the purpose of allowing commerce to continue and when racism became an issue of conflict between white (British) residents and dark skinned Indians, the need for efficiency of resolution was urgent. This is especially the case when the innate fear of white women being at risk of sexual aggression from black Indians. In the novel Passage to India the stark realization of such a conflict is played out within…. [read more]


History of Pakistan and India Term Paper

… The League' won 76% of the vote for reserved Muslim seats, but still partition was not inevitable. However, the British were forced to leave by a huge rebellion from the end of 1945 to 1946 that surpassed even the Quit India Movement.

In 1945 the British authorities put on trial Indian National Army prisoners who were Hindu, a Muslim and a Sikh together for the first trial. This led to country wide protests with massive inter-communal unity, especially in Calcutta where strikes and riots went on for months.

The British cabinet was convinced that India must be surrendered now, especially with the changing economic and international situation and the Second World War. Towards the end of the war Britain was in debt to India -…. [read more]


Colonial Histories Have Shaped Different Developmental Paths Research Proposal

… Colonial Histories Shape Future Development Paths

Do colonial histories in fact provide a preview into the future for developing nations? Can scholars and researchers look into a nation's past and gain an understanding of why its modern economy and culture exist in the present form? When researching historical circumstances can an alert student see how a nation in development stages achieved the economic success -- at least set the pattern -- it enjoys today? How has structural adjustment worked for nations in Asia and in Latin America? Is the historical use of neoliberalism the answer in terms of jump-starting economies in the developing world?

In the readings there are solid examples that bring these issues into brighter focus, and this paper will review and critique…. [read more]


India Cultural Identity Challenges Essay

… India Cultural Identity Challenges

Many non-Western countries went through a phase of decentering due to the influence of Western countries This led them to lose their identities and embrace Western influence as part of its society. This decentring had a big impact on their social and cultural aspects and led to the formation of a new society that has a mix of Western and native culture today. Many Asian and African countries were ruled by European colonial powers during between the 18th and 20th centuries and one such country was India. It was ruled by the British for two centuries and this led to a substantial decentering of their culture.

Prior to British Imperialism

India was a predominant Hindu nation before the arrival of the…. [read more]


India Relationship With the United States Term Paper

… India-U.S. Relations: A Look back and forward

With a booming capitalist society, a large population, a strategic location and an established democracy, India would be a natural ally in a region of the world where the United States has few. However, only within the past 5 years has a once-chilly relationship between India and the United States really begun to thaw. India was a fickle partner during the United States' half-century Cold War with the Soviet Union, as it was courted aggressively by both sides (Gujral, 1997). In fact, despite professing non-alignment with either party, India seemed to favor ties with the Soviet Union (Reassessment of Nehru, 2003).

The United States was frustrated by its inability to win influence in this strategic nation that serves…. [read more]


Radical Art From India Contested Terrain Essay

… Indian Art

For centuries, philosophers have puzzled the human condition. Questions abound about why humans act the way they do, why they form groups, what role cultural and social norms have for learning, how societies form, the nature of society, social change, and the way integration and alienation fit in with modern societies. . In particular, the changes in urbanization and technology, and access to other cultures, spurred even more study of what it means to be human. Together, these paradigms form a notion of human history in which theories have tried to explain different aspects of human behavior and interaction. One way of looking at a particular issue on the human condition is through art. We ask ourselves, then, what is it we can…. [read more]


Slumdog Millionaire the 2008 British Term Paper

… Slumdog Millionaire

The 2008 British film Slumdog Millionaire became a worldwide hit, earning a slew of awards and nominations as well as mainstream critical acclaim in the United States. Danny Boyle's movie is an adaptation of a novel called Q&A by Vikas Swarup. Slumdog Millionaire is a rags-to-riches coming of age story of a poor street urchin who, though a series of unlikely events, winds up on a televised quiz show. The film is a comedy-drama, addressing deadly serious issues ranging from child abuse, rape, and battery to the political, economic, and social problems plaguing Indian society. At the same time, Slumdog Millionaire has a happy ending and enough comic relief to emerge as a feel-good film.

As compelling and entertaining as Slumdog Millionaire may…. [read more]


Dongria Kondh People of Niyamgiri Hills in Eastern India Research Paper

… Dongria Kondh Peoples of India

The Dongria Kondh tribe are among the few truly primitive cultures remaining in the world. The Dongria Kondh live in the plateaus of Niyamgiri hill country in India. Their natural environment is surrounded by dense forests and in fact their name is derived from the world "Dongar" (means "hill slopes"), according to a book that offers detailed information on tribal education in India (Nanjunda, et al., 2008, p. 285). This paper will review cultural and anthropological information about the Dongria Kondh, and will also detail the recent controversy surrounding an attempt by the British company Vedanta to develop a mine in Dongria Kondh territory. The very existence of the Dongria Kondh people has been threatened by the mining proposal, but…. [read more]


Reasons for the War of Independence and Colonial Victory Essay

… ¶ … War for Independence and colonial victory. Several items occurred at the right time in history to create the American Revolution. The colonists had several quarrels with Great Britain and how it was ruling the colonies, and they combined to create the perfect climate for revolution and change.

The Causes of the War

The Revolutionary War officially began on April 19, 1775, with the Battle of Lexington and Concord, but its roots drove far deeper into American history. When the colonists first came to the United States in the 1600s, they were colonists for the British crown, and they remained loyal to the British crown and government. However, after living in the New World for over 150 years, the people began to change. Many…. [read more]


Rosie the Riveter Women Working During World War II Related to Paterson New Jersey Research Paper

… Rosie the Riveter

"Over 6 million women who had never worked for wages before took jobs, married women's labor force participation doubled, and unions gained 2.2 million women in a matter of 4 years. Not all of this was achieved without resistance, however. At the outset, most male managers were reluctant to employ women in all aspects of the defense industry, citing…'the lack of adequate toilet facilities' as an excuse for not hiring women" (Barker-Benfield, et al., 1998)

After the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the United States declared war on Japan and the country launched a massive war effort -- sending millions of men to military training camps and building factories to produce planes, tanks, military vehicles, ships, and weapons. As…. [read more]


Orientalism and the Formation of Stereotypes in Burton's Arabian Nights Dissertation

… Arabian Nights: Shaping of Western Perspectives Through Literature

Long before the invention of the internet, the world relied upon literature to gain knowledge about other cultures. As such, the writings of novelists, poets, journalists, and research writers whose own, and often limited experiences, together with their own personal views on culture, politics, and religion served as the basis for shaping many a reader's mind regarding foreign cultures and traditions. This shaping of the mind, which Edward W. Said contends was most prominently shaped through colonial and post colonial literature, are the images and the understanding by which most Westerners today still perceive the East, and most specifically the near Eastern Arab Islamic Muslim culture (Said, 1979). It is a prevailing stereotypical image and understanding that…. [read more]


Sales Promotion Techniques Used in the Clothing Retail Industry in India and Challenges Ahead Term Paper

… Sales Promotion Techniques Used in the Clothing Retail Industry in India and Challenges Ahead

The Nature of Competition

Buyer-Seller Relationships for Promotional Support in the Clothing Sector

Long-Term Impact of Loyalty Programs on Consumer Purchase Behaviour and Brand Loyalty

Impact of Loyalty Programs on Repeat Purchase Behaviour

Consumers' Perception Regarding Quality, Fashionability, Product Assortment,

Extent and Quality of Customer Service, Convenience of Location,

Payment Options, Featured National Brands and Store Layout

Push and Pull Techniques in Sales Promotion

Personalized vs. Generic Buying

Effectiveness of Different Types of Sales Promotion

Competitive Strategy

Industry Context

Rationale in Support of Selecting Six Exclusive and Multibrand Clothing

Retailers

Chapter 3. Research Design and Methodology

Research Questions and Objectives

Research Approach and Strategy

Research Philosophy

Research Methodology

Exploratory Research

Descriptive…. [read more]


History of Events Term Paper

… The United States has a stake in the region. The protection of South Korea and Japan, both of whom would be drawn into a nuclear conflict, is important. From a strategic standpoint, the U.S. military presence in the region is important because it can keep an eye on the Chinese.

The U.S. press often bandies the India-Pakistan conflict, though because of Afghanistan and Iraq it has not made the news. In the coming future, the region of Indian Kashmir will eventually attain independent statehood. Though it is a political football that will be tossed around for a few more years. The European Union will grow stronger to counter American strength. Though one can safely concur that the EU will be strategic partners. Some of the…. [read more]


Managing Organizational Culture Dissertation

… ¶ … opportunity exists for the company to expand internationally by setting up operations in the emerging economies of China and India. The question to consider is how to build cultural harmony between the facilities operating in three different countries. The question of whether it would be better to establish a certain national organizational culture is likely would be considered in this report. cultures of the United Kingdom, India and China is presented. The organizational cultures prevalent in China and India are more collectivistic and marked by high power distance than the organizational cultures in the United Kingdom. There are other differences such as the importance of status in China and family tradition in India, whereas in the United Kingdom principles of utility and economic…. [read more]


Rights and Developing Countries Human Essay

… These communal groupings have been present in India since the colonial times. There have been several incidences where members of these communities have massacred one another. In one occurrence, Islamic militants murdered Hindus in Kerala. There was also an event during the partition of India where people of all religions died in great numbers. The riots and murder in India has brought to light the importance of human rights. Development and knowledge have made India develop policies that are able to safeguard human rights. There is a shift in ideology to previous human rights issues that concentrated on liberty and civil rights to the present model (Stefancic and Delgado, 1992). In the present world, non-governmental organizations have just changed their tactics to remain relevant.

Bibliography…. [read more]


Caste and Gender in India Essay

… ¶ … hijras & Dalits and explain their marginalization

Here, you need to explain to the reader why these two groups are marginalized. Particular ideas of sexuality, gender, and caste are used to justify their continued marginalization and ostracization. Why is it that hijras and Dalits are feared? Why are they segregated from others in Indian society?

The Dalits and hijras have long been marginalized in India. Though they remain marginalized, historical changes and structural factors such as the shift from colonial rule to the formation of the state of India; social movements; and government reservation policies have led to a growing visibility of the discrimination that these two groups face, which have opened up new areas for activism and collaboration.

Both Dalits and hijra…. [read more]


Navies in American Revolution Term Paper

… ] [14: Dull, p. 119.]

Britain's First Lord of the Admiralty, the Earl of Sandwich, would have preferred to keep British naval strength concentrated in the English Channel, to deter the threat of a Franco-Spanish invasion. A major drawback to this strategy was that it meant allowing France and Spain more of a free hand in North America, the West Indies and the Far East. War with France and Spain also strengthened the hand of the peace party in Parliament, led by Whigs like Charles James Fox, who were prepared to grant independence to the United States in order to better defend the rest of the British Empire. This led to a "fierce governmental dispute over strategy" in 1778-79, since Britain simply seemed to have…. [read more]


Nectar in a Sieve Kamala Book Report

… Factory jobs replaced independence and self-sufficiency with drastic, dire consequences for individual health and safety and for community integrity. Families fall apart. Mardandaya shows this through Ruku's eyes, as her sons gradually disperse and abandon their homes and villages in the hopes of finding dependable incomes. Dependent on the factories for work, residents are powerless over their own food production. Working conditions at the tannery are horrid, and because of the weak regulatory environment in India worker abuses also take place. Low wages and less-than-satisfactory work have a devastating impact on individuals as well as communities. The labor conditions become akin to slavery. The novel also addresses the relationship between land ownership, politics, and power, as the tannery buys out the family farm and forces…. [read more]


Thompson "Disenchantment or Default? Article Review

… While a colony of England, the empire nation tried to force its colony into become more British and less attached to its traditional cultural forms. Yet, the interesting thing is that they did not try to get the Indians interested in what most British were reading, but instead the English wanted the people of India to read what the government considered more proper examples of English literature.

Joshi is ultimately most interested in why the English novel became so popular in India when nothing like that had ever been in the nation before. Following its introduction and popularity, people within India began writing and producing their own novels, influence both by the form and the function of the English work of fiction. "Despite its colonial…. [read more]


Fingerprints Are the Impressions of the Minute Term Paper

… Fingerprints are the impressions of the minute ridge patterns found on the fingertips of all individuals. The two basic characteristics of fingerprints are that no two persons have exactly the same pattern of ridge patterns and the patterns remain unchanged throughout a person's life. Because of these unique characteristics, fingerprints offer an infallible means of personal identification and fingerprint identification has become one of the most useful tools of forensic science during the last century and more. In this research paper on fingerprints I shall trace the history of fingerprint identification, discuss why fingerprinting has become the number one identification tool in forensic science, and describe the basic patterns of fingerprints. In addition, I shall also examine certain cases of incorrect fingerprint identification that have…. [read more]


Indian Culture Term Paper

… ¶ … Cracking India" by Bapsi Sidhwa revolves around Indian society before and during the implementation of the Partition, wherein India as a country was divided into two: the Hindu- and Muslim-dominated areas. India became the Hindu- dominated territory while the Muslim-dominated area is now called Pakistan. Further divisions generated the nations Punjab and Bengal, which are predominantly Muslim nations.

This was the socio-political landscape in which Sidhwa's characters found themselves in "Cracking." Through the main characters Lenny and Ayah, we, the readers, were able to witness how the Partition was perceived and interpreted by people within the Indian society. Sidhwa's characters were evidently not able to grasp the gravity of the political condition their country was in. As India entered into the agreement called…. [read more]


Status of Women in Hinduism in India Term Paper

… ¶ … status of women in Hinduism and discusses it within a cultural and anthropological context.

Women have occupied a complex position in the Hindu system. While on the one hand, there have been legends glorifying her bravery, strength and sacrifice, on the other hand, she is ascribed to an inferior position in society in subordination to man. Woman has been portrayed as the ultimate ideal of purity and sacrifice throughout the ages in Hinduism. Hindu literature portrays a mixed depiction of women: as servants and goddesses, strumpets and saints, protected daughters and powerful matriarchs, shunned widows and worshiped wives.[Narayan, 2005]. But the over riding feature that determines the Hindu woman's position is determined by Hindu religious traditions and determined by the caste that she…. [read more]


Gandhi Influenced Martin Luther King Essay

… On the other hand, king organized historic walks and processions to raise awareness for his cause. He also made several articulate and memorable speeches including the most moving of them all, I Have a Dream.

Unlike Gandhi, King advocated greater participation and interaction between the Black Americans and the White Americans to achieve a harmonious society. Since Gandhi was then struggling against a foreign power, he probably did not feel the necessity of greater cooperation and interaction between the Indians and the British. As a result, King's philosophy appears to be more active and vigorous than the philosophy of Gandhi. King invited the confrontation with his antagonists more often than Gandhi although Gandhi had to endure personal suffering at the hands of British forces in…. [read more]


Drafting ?I Chose Border Conflicts Essay

… Both powers have recently sent an important amount of troops in regions that are being disputed, but it is difficult and almost impossible to predict if a conflict will actually take place in either of the regions, taking into account that this would seriously destabilize both countries.

PREWRITING

LIST THE ATTEMPTS AT RESOLUTION AND THE RESULTS, WORKING FROM THE MOST CURRENT TO THE MOST DATED.

Conflict between two parties is handled in different ways. When countries are involved, one country or another may try to negotiate and resolve the conflict. The results can vary. The attempt may be successful, partially successful, or it may fail and the conflict continues or even escalates. Also, other countries may try to mediate by getting the two counties together…. [read more]


Cold War a Critical Debate Term Paper

… This policy certainly helped in increased production but it did not cause desirable progression in the industrial sector for two main reasons. The first reason was that managers of projects could not deliver. The greed and self-interest prevailed over the interest of state and secondly the state preferred the production of military hardware which was not a good economic choice for the growth and sustenance of large industrial sector. (Stearns)

The comparison of above two models reveals that consumerism promised rapid growth of economy as well as the public welfare, but on the other hand, productionism led to stagnant economy and no public welfare. In the long run United States benefitted immensely whereas it had devastating effects on USSR.

Deprivations of Third World Countries. In…. [read more]


British Rule in Sub-Continent, 1857-1947 Essay

… Even politically speaking, Hindus and Muslims both started taking active part in politics. That was the time when the strength of Congress arose and Muslim League came into existence. Many reforms took place at grass-root level. Educational institutes were developing by the elite class of these two sects to strengthen their youth. And socially speaking, the scenario of sub-continent completely changed. At this point in time, the Crown started losing its hold over subcontinent. Also, the native nations had the hostility arisen among them which later on resulted in the partition.

Now at this point in time, when Subcontinent was facing a big social and political turmoil, the economy of Subcontinent was at its most vulnerable state. Property worth billions was demolished during the partition.…. [read more]


Creative Writing in English: Singapore Dissertation

… Creative Writing in English: Singapore

Singapore

Singapore is a country in which the learning of the English language has become vitally important. For many students, the learning of the English Language is dependent upon the development of creative writing skills. Creative writing is used as a learning tool because it permits students to write in a manner that allows them to feel comfortable as they become more proficient in using the English language. Creative writing is utilized as a mechanism that allows students to expand their vocabulary and improve comprehension skills. In recent years creative writing in the English language for junior college students and into adult working life in Singapore has been encouraged. The goal of the study was to evaluate three different Singaporean…. [read more]


H 1b Shortage Research Proposal

… H-1B Shortage

In today's society, knowledge and expertise are raw materials that are essential for companies and countries so that they can be more competitive. The economy is dependent on innovative companies and whether they can not only attract but also retain the talent that will provide them with the most benefit. This should re regardless of the citizenship or nationality of those talented individuals. The most unfortunate issue here, however, is that the United States immigration system makes doing this very challenging, and many U.S. firms are incapable of getting the people that they really need to keep the economy strong because of immigration requirements (Written testimony of William H. Gates Before the Committee on Science and Technology, United States House of Representatives, P…. [read more]

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