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WWII History Making Decades WWII-Present Essay

… WWII

History Making Decades WWII-Present

Many consider the end of WWII to have ushered in the modern era in global politics. One reason for this is based on WWII as an end -- the end of Nazi politics in Europe and of European politics as dominating politics on a worldwide scale. Another reason for naming WWII as the beginning of the modern era is based on WWII as another beginning -- the beginning of the Cold War, which started an era of global bipolarism, an arms struggle, and many of the scientific and military advancements that the world now takes for granted. When one considers the world of WWII and the contemporary world, it becomes clear that society has changed by leaps and bounds in…. [read more]


Remaking the World After the First World War Essay

… Remaking the World After the First World War

This study examines and considers two different views of the peacemakers at Versailles following the First World War. This work specifically will consider how these historians can have different views of the same historical event. The work of Margaret Macmillan entitled "Making War, Making Peace: Versailles, 1919" states that the observation of it being "harder to make peace than war was, as one might expect of someone so witty, that of Georges Clemenceau, prime minister of France at the end of the First World War and during the peace conference that followed." (2005, p.1)

Macmillan writes that the decisions concerning the peace settlements were made under a great deal of pressure since there was fear that unless…. [read more]


World War I Great Britain's Failure Term Paper

… World War I

Great Britain's Failure to Use Its Navy to Its Full Effectiveness in World War I

As World War I began, Great Britain was considered the supreme power in terms of naval force. Yet, the German Navy had been upgrading enough to make it of significant British concern during the war. In particular, the use of German U-boats as a threat to both military and merchant vessels complicated Great Britain's naval choices. Though many history texts take it for granted that Britain was the stronger of the two navies, the only major naval battle (at Jutland) between the two forces resulted in heavy British losses. While the Royal Navy had both experience and opportunity to strike more forcefully at Germany by sea, they…. [read more]


History of Muslims in Europe and in the US Research Paper

… History of Muslims in Europe and in the U.S.

Islamophobia - the United States and the European continent

The Islam is at the moment one of the most important religious, cultural, and eventually political entities of the world today. According to studies made in 2009, it represents 23% of the global population of 6.9 billion people

Even so, there are numerous accounts in which the Muslim population is the subject of discrimination or political differentiation. At the moment, this entire phenomenon is defined as Islamophobia. The present paper addresses the issue of islamophobia from the perspective of the two most important regions where it developed and where is most visible. In this sense, the research takes into account the way in which the United States…. [read more]


WWII World War II Bring Term Paper

… Adter the attack on Pearl Harbor, the idea was embraced by the military, and it was official by 1943. The women underwent very tough training and rough living conditions. It was not until many decades after the war's end that the incredible contributions of these pilots was recognized. Until 1977, the WASP fighers retained civilian status, but they were granted military status then. (Wolf 2005)

While all of the women during the war suffered from hardships, the role of many Asian women during the war must be acknowledged as perhaps bearing the most suffering. "Comfort Women" was the euphemism used for enslaved sex workers kept prisoner by soldiers in countries being occupied by Japan. "Most comfort women were from Korea, with a significant fraction from…. [read more]


Social Impact of Cold War Essay

… Innocent civilians are often at extreme risk in the battles for gathering information or in the battles run by remote. In an interesting way, it might also be seen that this kind of distance campaign strategy is like the way some see the U.S. As contributing to the near collapse of the world economy. The U.S.'s lax financial rules and regulations pulled in other countries and set them up for many of the challenges they now face -- many of which are bringing about social and cultural unrest. It clearly would not be difficult for terrorists or even other nations to see this as an extension of the type of attitude that America picked up when it did its victory dance after the melting of…. [read more]


History of China's Importance Research Paper

… The international political scene at this time is not dominated by a great power, nor should it be. Seeing how great powers manifest themselves in terms of political influence, it is basically impossible for a state to exercise the political dominance over the enormous amount of different political forces that are present in the countries around the world. Indeed, most states have engaged in democratic political processes; however, there are important actors on the international scene, such as China, Russia, Iran who refuse to accept the Western style of politics and therefore its influence.

From a military perspective, the existence of a major power cannot be considered to be viable for various reasons. First, terrorist groups have become worthy actors of the international relations, as…. [read more]


Decision Making Strategies Research Paper

… Terrorism is a way of life; watching for bombs and activities "normal," just as serving in the military and knowing your State is surrounded by enemies becomes so intrusive it is like being blinded by a horrible odor; other people can sense it, but after a while, it is moot to the individual. Thus, the Israeli culture has transposed from the various cultures that immigrated in the 1940s to one with three major paradigms: individualism, directness, and a polychromic world view:

Individualism -- The United States has always enjoyed a sense of rugged individualism, back from the pioneer days and the age of expansion into the west. For Israel, though, in decision making, the culture has become even more individualistic as it has evolved towards…. [read more]


World War II (WWII) Transformed Term Paper

… For the most part, however, the war was fought with the same or improved weapons of the types used in World War I. During the war, the United States and other nations made great advances in aircraft and tanks. This would ensure that war would be fought in a radically different way going forward.

After World War II, the use of the atomic bomb changed the U.S. And the rest of the world in many ways. Nuclear power resulted in a 40-year-long arms race between the United States and the U.S.S.R., and nuclear annihilation continues to threaten the world even today. On a positive note, nuclear power allowed scientists to develop new sources of energy.

During the war, new technological and medical advances were created…. [read more]


History of the Modern Middle East Term Paper

… History Of the Modern Middle East

As a result of the Industrial Revolution, during the 19th and the 20th centuries, the Western world as grew more dependent upon the advancement of technology, in every facet of daily existence. As an unintentional result of this economic revolution, the major commercial powers grew more dependent upon the non-renewable resource of oil. The state that controlled oil, in the form of trade routes, or oil-producing colonies, could dominate the other major nation-states. Ironically, as a result of technological advancement, the states that had formerly dismissed the Middle East as backward or significant only in terms of its historical role in the development of Christianity grew progressively more dependant upon the region to sustain a modern economy.

Initially, Britain…. [read more]


American History Europe Was at War Thesis

… American History

Europe was at war and the Nazi war machine was gradually occupying every major country, it seemed that there had been nothing to stand in their way. Millions of innocent had been dying on the eastern fronts as Stalin struggled to make a barrier to stop the Germans. Matters in the U.S. were not better, with the Japanese having attacked Pearl Harbor and also killed numerous innocent people. Just as the whole world felt like there was no hope for freedom to thrive, the U.S. had had to enter the war.

The governments from allied countries had all encouraged their people through massive propaganda that they should help in any way that they could in supporting the war against the Axis powers. In…. [read more]


Atrocities Happening in Recent Modern Book Report

… From this point onwards, the tensions between such groups are inevitable and increase as time evolves.

Another reason for which a group of people may try to inflict decisive harm on another group is peer pressure and fear. At least in the case study provided by Gross, it was relatively obvious that 1941 was one of the most tensed years in the history of the war as well as in that of Poland's. Seeing that the German forces were keen in eliminating as many Jews as possible and given the nature of the events on other war theaters, the local communities were also frightened for their own security and therefore adapted to the pressures of the many.

Finally another reason for which people kill other…. [read more]


History of Espionage Class Reading Essay

… History Of Espionage Class Reading Study Guides

Jeffrey Burds, Chapter 19 of World of the Shadows: An International History of Espionage (The Golden Age of Soviet "Illegals")

This chapter opens with a quote from Stalin, who in 1937 questioned the prevailing belief that bourgeoisie states would refrain from sending "spies, wreckers, saboteurs and assassins" into socialist states.

Chapter 19 then moves to a discussion of the so-called "Cambridge Five," a group of five British nationals who spied for the Soviets during WWII.

Donald Maclean (1915-1983), Foreign Office secretary, Paris, Washington, Cairo, London.

Guy Francis de Moncy Burgess (1910-1963), BBC broadcaster, agent in MI6, secretary to Deputy Foreign Minister

Harold Adrian Russell ("Kim") Philby (1912-1988), journalist, agent in MI6, "The Third Man"

Anthony F. Blunt (1907-1983),…. [read more]


Cold War a Critical Debate Term Paper

… This policy certainly helped in increased production but it did not cause desirable progression in the industrial sector for two main reasons. The first reason was that managers of projects could not deliver. The greed and self-interest prevailed over the interest of state and secondly the state preferred the production of military hardware which was not a good economic choice for the growth and sustenance of large industrial sector. (Stearns)

The comparison of above two models reveals that consumerism promised rapid growth of economy as well as the public welfare, but on the other hand, productionism led to stagnant economy and no public welfare. In the long run United States benefitted immensely whereas it had devastating effects on USSR.

Deprivations of Third World Countries. In…. [read more]


Cold War and Globalization Term Paper

… The terrible problems of Africa, for example, with AIDs running rampant and starvation (famine) and wars taking a huge tool, need to be taken into account when the globalization issues are being faced. An article in Foreign Policy (March-April 2004) points out that "bringing Africa into the fold [of globalization] has been one of the most daunting challenges of the globalization process."

In Africa, where there already is a level of poverty unseen in other parts of the world, economies were affected by "economic misfortunes worldwide in 2002," which offered "little relief for the region." In fact, "financial flows to Africa dried up, in tandem with declining global investment." And in contrast to a more rapid growth rate in other parts of the world, "Africa…. [read more]


Genocide Is Considered on an International Level Term Paper

… Genocide is considered on an international level to be the worst possible crime committed by a nationality or group. It is the mass killing of a group of people, or as defined by the UN as "any acts committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group. Numerous genocides have been committed within the last century, the most notable of which include the Holocaust, Yugoslavia, and Rwanda. The apt question of why Genocide occurs is a very complex and diluted issue. The first is to understand that Genocide as a practice is not unique to modern society; it is an ongoing process that has spanned since the beginning of time. Genocide was consistently conducted throughout Greco-Roman…. [read more]


Post War Iraq: A Paradox Term Paper

… This event gave real evidence to the insignificant role played by the United Nations in the Korean War. 10

2. Self-defense (Falklands)

Self-defense is one of the most contentious spheres of the exercise of force, and many instances abound which possibly depict a predicament with finding what are the conventions, and what about enforcing them. Since it prohibits the exercise of force, the U.N deed certainly identifies two scenarios wherein the application of force is allowed. International Law has recognized years ago that each state possesses the prerogative to protect itself, if required through force. This prerogative of self-defense is established in the U.N. charter: Article 51 states that the charter in no manner damages the "inbuilt" privilege of self-protection during an organized assault. The…. [read more]


Realism and the End of the Cold War Seminar Paper

… Realism and the End of the Cold War

The field of international relations has always been dominated by one theory or another that tried to explain, through different mechanisms and concepts, the evolution of the international affairs.

Realism was one of the theories that tried to best characterize the period of the Cold War and especially the bipolar relation between the West and the East, which is between the United States and the Soviet Union. After the fall of the U.S.S.R. At the beginning of the 1990s, it was considered that the realist theory of international relations did not grasp sufficiently accurate the power relations between the two important players and was not able to predict the fall of communism and the end of the…. [read more]


History of Rosicrucian Order Thesis

… History Of the Rosicrucian Order

Despite being one of the oldest esoteric societies, the Rosicrucian Order remains one of the most mysterious and least well-known of the various groups that arose in Europe over the course of the second millennium. Although Rosicrucianism was one of the key influences on the development of Freemasonry, and, as will be discussed in the findings chapter of this study, has played an important role in the development of Western culture and society, its history, symbols, and legacy have frequently been overshadowed by more popular alchemical and metaphysical movements. For example, while most Americans know that many of the founding fathers were Freemasons, fewer likely know that the first governor of Connecticut was deeply interested in Rosicrucianism from an early…. [read more]


Seven Years War Term Paper

… ¶ … war broke out in 1756 between France and Great Britain. Along with that, difference between American and Canadian colonists had erupted two years before that began, which cased the war to lead to the fall of New France. From there, the conflict forced Great Britain against France. This was supported by Austria, Sweden, Saxony, Russia and Spain. In America and Asia, British colonies approached French colonies. New France and New England fought over possession of the continent and dictatorship of the fur trade. Even though the conflicts were separate, the two colonies were directly connected to the victories or defeats of the Motherland (the seven-year war).

Summary of Conflict

Even though the war began in 1756 in Europe, conflict started two years earlier…. [read more]


Civil War Thesis

… The participation of the U.S. In these events has sparked controversy existed within the American public regarding U.S. involvement and within the country or countries affected by U.S. involvement.

2. 2 List three (3) aspects of U.S. history since 1865 that has led to the U.S.'s rise as a world superpower policeman?

The three aspects of the U.S. history that led the U.S. To rise as a world superpower police officer include:

1. The developments in the U.S. Foreign policy

2. The Empowerment of the U.S. Presidency and Power

3. The development of high intelligence on global security

2. 3 Determine two to three (2-3) international events from the past five years that can be traced back to a foreign policy created after the Civil…. [read more]


America's Rise to World Power Term Paper

… ¶ … Boot's book, the Savage Wars of Peace: Small Wars and the Rise of American Power, adopts the topic of a handful of recent works focusing upon the oftentimes overlooked conflicts in American history. Essentially, Boot attempts to chronicle a history of the United States' more minor conflicts, yet he does so from an unabashedly neoconservative and neo-imperial perspective. In other words, Boot claims that small conflicts, which are typically those over colonies and foreign resources, are necessary to the overall creation and survival of an empire. Boot, by documenting the success and failures of the United States' military machine over the past several centuries, attempts to generate a picture of how American power has expanded and been sustained. He writes, "If there is…. [read more]


Brief History of the Future Book Review

… ¶ … History of the Future

Strathern, O. (2007). A Brief History of the Future. New York: Carroll and Graf.

At best, futurists are predictors of trends; at worst, speculative commentators. For instance, if we revisit some of the World's Fair exhibitions of the last three decades, we typically find that we have not advanced as far as predicted in some areas (e.g. transportation) and much further in others (e.g. communications). By 2010, for instance, most scholars would have predicted an operating Moon base, and perhaps even one on Mars. Futurists in the 1950s thought we would have mastered solar technology and that "sun houses" would be the common form of above ground housing. Picture phones were in line for the mid-1960s, and yet still…. [read more]


Deteriorating Effects of Wars Term Paper

… They lack the moral courage to stand up and speak the truth for their own vested interests without realizing the long-term implications of wars which bring nothing but devastation, destruction, human sufferings, loss of economic well being and takes countries backwards for decades if not centuries. These introverts, so-called optimistic individuals have failed to utilize their ability to think rationally and to logically weigh all the pros and cons of stating that "all wars are not wrong." They believe that wars are necessary for self-defense, they are the tools through which superpowers become superpowers and underdeveloped as well as developed countries learn to stand on their own by fighting back and ameliorating their defense system. These illogical generalizations can make sense to them but to…. [read more]


1950's Korean War Essay

… According to Sandler, "With American, British, French, Dutch, Canadian, Australian, New Zealand, South African, Greek, Turkish, Filipino and Thai troops actually engaged in combat with Communist forces, the Cold War seemed obviously to have taken on a new and far more bitter dimension, and indeed, might no longer even merit the term 'Cold War'" (1999, p. 3). Despite the active involvement of U.S. military forces in the Korean War, and subsequently the Communist Chinese as well, the conflict was be regarded as a proxy war in which the Cold War was replaced with a shooting war for the duration. This assertion is supported by the observation from Sandler that, "Despite the fact that a small segment of the Soviet Union actually bordered North Korea and…. [read more]


Toshi's Life in Historical Context Essay

… Life in Historical Context

The Second World War brought significant changes on the face of earth and in the diplomatic relations of the countries. Many countries ended their centuries old affiliations and many entered into agreement after experiencing the destruction of war. This paper gives an idea whether the Second World War brought changes in the political and economic face of Japan.

The love of power has always forced human beings to attack other human beings and make them slaves. The powerful people enter into hostile relations with weaker entities and impose their supremacy. The resistance to surrender on part of other group has led to further aggravation of hostile relations and it has paved way for wars. History has witnessed two world wars in…. [read more]


Remembering the U.S.A. and USSR Term Paper

… By openly touting American achievements in the realm of household technology -- while subtly taunting the communist economic engine's allegedly substandard treatment of women -- Nixon challenges his rival by suggesting that Russian visitors to the exhibition will invariably become enamored with the American ideals of comfort and convenience.

Considering the rhetorical strategies being pursued by both the American and Russian governments at this time -- in which each nation aggressively defended the virtues of either capitalism or communism, largely in an effort to justify further imperialistic expansion -- the tone of Nixon's comments while visiting Moscow is understandable. An increasingly defiant Khrushchev references his most audacious Soviet policy ambitions, "his Seven-Year Plan for economic development & #8230; introduced in 1958 in the midst of…. [read more]


New Face of Development Essay

… People in North American and in Europe have enjoyed this boon for considerably longer periods of time than those in third world or in recently developed countries such as China. Therefore, the baby boom generation represents the first that will live longer as a generation, which means a greater percentage of its population will be retiring and require the care of younger people. Due to the population explosion, and the fact that many developing nations either have or are getting access to this same technology, their propensity for living longer as well (although they are younger) will mean they will have significantly more interest and hegemony in the controlling of the world's affairs. This cultural dominance, reflected in sheer numbers including the fact that only…. [read more]


European Economics After WWII Term Paper

… European Economics World War II

World War II was considered the biggest and costliest war in history in terms of both lives and money (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers 2007). In a short period of six years, approximately 50 million died in battle or as a result of concentration camps, bombings, starvation and disease. Others were displaced and left to become refugees. Billions of dollars worth of property were lost along with artistic and architectural masterpieces. The War was so vast that it involved almost every country in the world. But the only two warring sides were the Allies and the Axis. The Allies or Allied Powers were the United States, Great Britain and the Commonwealth, China and the Soviet Union. The Axis Powers…. [read more]


American History Role Term Paper

… The Truman Doctrine

As early as 1945, the United States began to recognize a threat coming from Moscow. The United States felt the threat was enough to cut reconstruction funding for Russia immediately after World War II. The Truman Doctrine essentially declared that communism and any other philosophies posed by the Soviet Union were serious threats to not only Europe but the United States and eventually the entire world. The Truman Doctrine stated that communism could no longer go unchecked. The United States took on a responsibility of helping the world either obtain or maintain democratic freedoms.

The true effect of the Truman Doctrine back in the United States, however, was one that systematically altered the American way of life in an almost subliminal way.…. [read more]

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