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Gender Dysphoria in Children

Gender and Sexuality: Gender Dysphoria in Children Gender Dysphoria in Children Gender is not an absolute or guaranteed condition in the human experience, and even young children can experience some confusion concerning their perceptions of what gender they should be based on powerful family, cultural and social influences. This confused sense of whether "I am a boy" or "I am…

Pages: 17  |  Thesis  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 10


Engaging in Gender Role Incongruent Behavior

Gender and Sexuality Gender Norms and Sexuality This paper examines societal response to women who violate gender norms. To examine these reactions, the author engaged in three behaviors that are typically identified as male behavior: chewing tobacco in public, engaging in a football game with a group of males, and changing a tire while a male companion stood by and…

Pages: 7  |  Thesis  |  Style: APA  |  Sources: 2


Caste and Gender in India

¶ … hijras & Dalits and explain their marginalization Here, you need to explain to the reader why these two groups are marginalized. Particular ideas of sexuality, gender, and caste are used to justify their continued marginalization and ostracization. Why is it that hijras and Dalits are feared? Why are they segregated from others in Indian society? The Dalits and hijras have long been marginalized in India. Though they remain marginalized, historical changes and structural factors such as the shift from colonial rule to the formation of the state of India; social movements; and government reservation policies have led to a growing visibility of the discrimination that these two groups face, which have opened up new areas for activism and collaboration. Both Dalits and hijra are marginalized and stigmatized for different reasons. The Dalits have been historically stigmatized due to their professions. The hijras, on the other hand, have been stigmatized due to gender proclivities. Whilst the Dalits have largely gained acceptance in Indian society since social constructs change, the hijras threaten the conventions of humans who are unable to place them in specific gender roles causing their discrimination to continue. Dalit Dalits are a variety of castes from all over S. Asia, speaking a variety of languages and practicing a variety of religions. The origin of the name "Dalit" in Sanskrit means "ground," "suppressed," "crushed," or "broken to pieces." In fact, part of the repertoire of names given them include Panchamas ("fifth" varna), and Asprushya ("untouchables"). Dalits received their name due to their menial professions which included leatherwork, butchering, or removal of rubbish, animal carcasses, and waste as well as garbage disposal, clearing the streets, latrines, and sewers. Historically, therefore, Dalits were excluded from Hindu social life which included segregation and their prohibition from entering a temple, or a school and being compelled to say outside the village. Great care too was taken to prevent accidental encounter between Dalits and members of other castes. Hijras The hijras are distinguished due to their being males who have feminine tendencies. This includes dressing in female clothes, assuming feminine gender identity, and adopting peculiar feminine roles and behavior. The hijra history is long dating back to the Kama Sutra period. Many of them live in guru-led small communities for survival (Nanda, 1986). Born with male physiology, some undergo an initaition called nirwaan which refers to removal of penis, testicles and scrotum. When…

Pages: 3  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 3


Differences in Gender Violence Rape Based on Race Sexuality Gender and Class

Gender Violence (Rape) and on race, sexuality, gender, and class The problem of gender violence in general has attracted a wide debate and concern in equal measure for a long time among many players, both active and armchair, in the campaign against the vice. This has been mainly due to its high prevalence which needs to be addresses urgently.Historically, the…

Pages: 5  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 7


How a Print Advertisement Represents Gender and Sexuality

Gender in Ads An advertisement for Calvin Klein "Double Black" Jeans depicts a shirtless man bent over some kind of table or bed. His torso is featured prominently and comprises the bulk of the photograph composition. A woman with wet hair buries her chin in the small of his back, attempting to pry his Calvin Klein jeans off. Her mouth is open as if she intends to bite the man's buttocks; she therefore appears filled with passion and desire. He, on the other hand, appears to perceive the woman as a nuisance. His brow is furrowed while he glances back disinterestedly at the woman. The man appears to be saying, "What are you doing?" His left arm is extended forward and his right is used for leverage, and it looks as if he would try to get away from the hungry female. The woman's head, neck, and right forearm are showing: otherwise her body is cut out of the composition. Although the man appears to be disinterested in the woman behind him, their bodies are linked together as their heads are shown forming a straight line, hers nestled snugly in the curve of his lower back. The predominant image is of the man's body, though. He is the figure that possesses the primary sexual power in the picture; she lusts after him because of it. Viewers' eyes will be drawn around the composition, switching from his head to hers, following the natural lines of his erotic form. The diagonal line created by their connected figures allows the eye to roam freely and explore the spaces and shapes created by the two bodies. His left arm and hand and his right bent elbow also form a straight line that point the eye towards the women's head, and the line continues with her right hand. Moreover, he looks back at her, and the viewer's eyes want to catch what he is looking at. Contrary to the assumption that the man would hunger for the female nibbling at his behind, the advertisement depicts a self-contained man. The tension between the male and female is likely pointing to a homosexual underpinning. Without displaying overt homoeroticism, the advertisement does subvert traditional norms of gender and sexuality. His lack of interest in the passionate female behind him is most likely due to his sexual preference. The male form is featured in the advertisement precisely to emphasize…

Pages: 3  |  Essay  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 0


Genders and the Differences in Between

Sociology - Gender & Sexuality GENDER and SEXUALITY ISSUES Define and distinguish sex and gender: Sex refers to the range of physical and physiological elements of the biology of sexual relations. Gender refers to the learned elements of the social and psychological elements of sexual relations. To illustrate the difference, the distinction between male and female from a sexual perspective is that males are sexually attracted to females and vice versa. Males are physiologically designed to impregnate females through sexual intercourse while females are physiologically designed to bear children produced through sexual reproduction. According to that view, males are not sexually attracted to or romantically interested in other males and females are not sexually attracted to or romantically interested in other females. However, gender does not always coincide with sexuality or sexual orientation. For example, many individuals are not sexually attracted to members of the opposite sex. Instead, they are sexually attracted to and romantically interested in members of the same sex. Furthermore, gender encompasses a much broader range of human behavioral variation than strictly sexual issues. Specifically, while gender identity issues are most commonly related to the distinction between heterosexual and homosexual orientation, certain individuals maintain a completely heterosexual sexual orientation, but still identify with the opposite gender. Typically, a male might be sexually attracted to females exclusively, but consider himself to be female, despite his biologically determined gender assignment. 2. Explain Gender Schema theory and its effect on sex-based behavioral characteristics. Gender Schema Theory describes the extent to which human gender-based social behavior is determined by the prevailing norms and expectations within human societies. For example, within a given society, the beliefs about what attitudes and behaviors are associated with masculinity and femininity play a crucial role in shaping the development of those corresponding characteristics in the personal development of the individual. In one society, providing food for the family, primarily through farming and foraging might be a social role associated with females. In that case, females would naturally come to identify with this responsibility through the socialization process. In another society, providing food for the family, (whether through farming or hunting), might be a social role associated with males. In that case, males would naturally come to identify with this responsibility through the socialization process. Likewise, if specific attributes or behaviors are associated with one gender or the other in society, part of the socialization process includes…

Pages: 4  |  Thesis  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


What Can We Learn From Other Cultures That Can Help US Better Understand Our Sexualities?

¶ … Cultures Can Teach Us about Sexuality Sexuality is an interesting concept, and when examined clearly has a relationship to cultural rules and norms. What is considered acceptable and appropriate sexual behavior varies significantly according to cultural rules, though some sexual taboos and norms seem to cross cultural lines. The fact that cultural norms impact what sexual behaviors are…

Pages: 6  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 6


Homosexuality Japan in Japan's Progressive

Homosexuality Japan In "Japan's Progressive Sex: Male Homosexuality, National Competition, and the Cinema," Jonathan M. Hall (2000) connects the "gay boom" in Japanese cinema with Japanese gender construction, gender norms, and Japanese nationalism. By framing male homosexuality as a reflection of heterosexual female desire, Japanese filmmakers reflect but also substantiate cultural values and social norms. Gay male sexuality is appropriated,…

Pages: 10  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 1


Midsummer Bottom's Up in a Midsummer Night's

Midsummer Bottom's Up in a Midsummer Night's Dream Despite the simplicity -- indeed, the very baseness -- of much of its humor, a Midsummer Night's Dream is actually one of Shakespeare's more complex plays on several levels. The three distinct plots and their varying levels of intersection can lead to a great deal of confusion to an unfamiliar reader or audience member, the language itself often runs sentences that are long and convoluted even by Elizabethan standards, and the themes of sexuality, gender, and free will are complex enough to be interpreted in several conflicting ways. It is also one of Shakespeare's most hilarious comedies, with jokes that range from the aforementioned baseness and vulgarity to utterly delightful witticisms and turns of phrase, often form the most unlikely (and unsuspecting) of characters. The overall result is a full-bodied and yet strangely cerebral play whose text demands performance for even the slightest semblance of focus, purpose, meaning, and true understanding. It is true that the play is quite complex and depends heavily on tricks with language for both its comedy and its philosophy; "it would be a mistake, however, to regard the interwoven strands which make up the tapestry of the comedy as being predominantly literary and intellectual" (Riverside 251). Enter Bottom the Weaver, along with the rest of the Rude mechanicals. These Athenian craftsmen are trying to form an amateur acting company to perform at the Duke's wedding, and Bottom quickly becomes the group's center, largely through his own doing. Bottom is a very earthy character at the heart of what is an essentially earthy play, full of the motives of nature (as rendered by the genitals) and acting with the freedom that can only exist within the boundaries of the human spirit. Ambition and hedonism, in that order, seem to be Bottom's sole motives in the play, and in this he is representative of the other characters and the play as a whole. Shakespeare uses this character and the vulgarity associated with him to make this explicit, rather than couching these motives in more poetic terms as he does for both the lovers and the fairies (to a degree). His comment towards the end of the play that "Man is but an ass if he go about t' expound this dream" pretty much sums up the entirety of the action for the bulk of the characters; the story is…

Pages: 3  |  Essay  |  Style: MLA  |  Sources: 0


Girl and Great Falls All

Moreover, the authoritarian voice assumes that the narrator is "bent on becoming" a slut (477). The maternal voice almost preprograms the narrator to become a slut. Her sexual identity is formed through mixed messages. She is told she is "bent on becoming a slut," but she must fight that so-called urge with socially acceptable behavior. Richard Ford describes gender role differentiation and social identity formation in similar ways as Kincaid, addressing the key issues of sexuality, gender role rituals, and parent-child conflict. In "Great Falls," Ford's protagonist Jackie tells the tale of his parent's break-up, of his mother's affair and his father's response to it. Through his eyes, the reader ascertains how Jackie develops his sense of self and especially his notion of male identity. While Kincaid focuses on female gender roles and norms, Ford focuses primarily on male gender roles and norms. However, the two authors simply broach the same subject from different perspectives. More so than Kincaid does in "Girls," Ford focuses on the parent-child conflicts and parent-child relationships. The protagonist Jackie describes mainly his relationship with his father but he also recounts his relationship with his mother. Jackie also forms an attachment to the man who his mother has an affair with: a male role model who is like the alter-ego or counterforce to his father's role. Jackie and his father seem to get along great: they go hunting and fishing together and Jackie seems to spend a lot of time with his dad. Their bond is not openly emotional, however, as is evident in their reactions to the mother's affair. When Jackie meets Woody, he notices how masculine he appears, describing the veins and muscles in his arms in a way that he never did for his father. Jackie even goes so far as to say, "I wondered how I would ever get to be like him, since it didn't necessarily seem so bad a thing to be," (344). Jackie has two central male role models, unlike the narrator of "Girl," who has an indeterminate number of female role models. Like Kincaid, Ford describes gender-based social rituals. In the case of "Great Falls," the protagonist describes typically male gender-based social rituals such as hunting, fishing, and working on airplanes. These male rituals characterize Jackie's father as well as his alter-ego, Woody. Through these male social rituals, Jackie forms his sense of self and realizes his differentiation…

Pages: 4  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Man Who Fell in Love With the Moon

Man Who Fell in Love With Moon If there is anything true about history, it is the saying, "what comes around, goes around." In fashion, for example, the same styles weave in and out of different eras. To the younger people, the fashion is new and exciting; to the older ones, it's nothing new. Modern fiction mimics the values and…

Pages: 5  |  Research Proposal  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 1


Non-Traditional Families

Non-Traditional Families The two scholarly articles critiqued in this paper bring very different perspectives into view. They offer very different conclusions. And yet they are linked in the sense that they investigate and evaluate family success vs. family failure vis-a-vis the raising of children. Essentially, the Wu / Martinson piece goes into great detail, using empirical strategies to investigate how…

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Family, Friendship and Love Are

None of these authors are suggesting that alimony should be immediately terminated on the strength of this argument. At least however, alimony should be terminated within a reasonable period of time when a newly divorced woman is able to secure work for herself. Gay rights is a further issue that has enjoyed considerable attention in recent times. The most prominent issue is that of gay marriage. Mohr suggests that distinguishing between genders in order to define marriage is absurd, and that love and commitment should be the distinguishing factors. Human beings who are inclined to be together should thus not be deterred from doing so legally as a result of their gender. It has been seen above, in the case of Russell especially, that values based upon biblical teachings have become somewhat arbitrary as opposed to being accepted without question. Thus homosexuality has increasingly been accepted as part of the diverse society, rather than condemning the phenomenon as perverse. Finally, it is the opinion of numerous authors within the readings that parents should be absolutely honest with their children regarding the above issues. In terms of sexuality, for example, Rusell demands that children should be told all that they wish to know about sexuality, with the result that they will grow up without the sexual dysfunctions imposed by negative religious and moral views usually established at childhood. This should also be the case regarding gender and gay roles, as well as rights. If a child is a girl for example, she should be taught that her place in the world will be the result of her actions, rather than decisions and norms imposed by society. Russell especially calls for honesty between parents and children. Children for example should never be made to feel ashamed for being curious about sexuality. The traditional in the above views thus differs significantly from the conventional. Conventionally, children are taught that sex outside of marriage is morally wrong. However, the new philosophy suggests that sex improves with practice, and that young people should be allowed the opportunity to experience sex before marriage in order to improve the experience within marriage. The relationship between parents and children has also evolved to become more open and honest. Whereas children in the past were mostly ignored and/or imposed upon to adhere to strict discipline, this is no longer the case. The implication of the new set of morals…

Pages: 3  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Ellen Degeneres and How Her

Her honesty spurred others to look closely at their lives, and it made television history. Socially, it seems that many Americans have become more accepting of alternative lifestyles and less judgmental about the people who admit they are gay. However, the gay community still has a long way to go to be fully accepted in a country where there are still numerous homophobics. There are those who decry the lifestyle for religious reasons, and those who decry it for personal reasons. However, America is a society that has blended populations for decades. We are supposed to be a society that will accept anyone into our country. DeGeneres states she is not "political," but her acknowledgment turned into a political crusade for gay rights that continues today in the continuing fight for acceptance with gay marriage laws. Economically and socially, gays are a force to be reckoned with, but they are still unable to gain enough political backing to create new and updated laws in the country. Ellen DeGeneres came out of the closet at a time when it was fairly safe. However, her impact on the acceptance of gays is extremely important. Her life proves that gays must take chances to be accepted in society, but that society is slowly becoming more accepting, and will probably continue to grow more understanding in the future. Today, it is not so controversial to admit you are gay, but it is still not nearly as acceptable as gays would like it to be. There are still prejudices and laws working against gays in America, and if people continue to mistrust and misunderstand the gay lifestyle, gay rights will continue to be an issue of concern and prejudice in our country. References Carstarphen, Meta G. And Susan C. Zavoina, eds. Sexual Rhetoric: Media Perspectives on Sexuality, Gender, and Identity. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999. Editors. "Ellen DeGeneres Bio." WarnerBrothers.com. 2004. 19 June 2004. http://ellen.warnerbros.com/showinfo/bio.html Gross, Larry. Up from Invisibility: Lesbians, Gay Men, and the Media in America. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001. Hillier, Linda. "Ellen's Bio." Personal Web Site. 1997. 19 June 2004. http://www.geocities.com/Hollywood/1777/biog.html……

Pages: 5  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Politics of Gender and Sexuality in Aristophanes Lysistrata

Gender and Sexuality New Criticism: Gender and Sexuality in Aristophanes' Lysistrata Aristophanes' Lysistrata is one of the eleven plays penned by the playwright that has survived over time. The original performance of this production occurred in classical Athens reportedly in 411 BC Lysistrata is considered a comedy; an account of one woman's unique goal and desire to end the Peloponnesian…

Pages: 15  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 15


Correlations Between Gender Sexuality Violence and Pornography

Gender Porn Gender, Sexuality, Violence and Pornography What is the relationship between pornography and violence against women? How has technology affected this dynamic? According to our reading, both in the texts by Renzetti et al. (2012) and Jensen (2007), pornography can carry significant implications regarding gender roles and hierarchies in our society. In particular, these texts point to the notion that the content of our pornography is a reflection of specific gender-role patterns and that these patterns generally cast the male as dominant and the female as subordinate. Indeed, not only do many of the scenarios described in Jensen's text imply that women exist only to satisfy the desires of men, but there is also cause to interpret from pornographic content that this submission even extends to a lust for violent treatment. According to Jensen, even in scenarios where women do not appear to initially desire male sexual attention, pornographic content inclines us to believe that "any woman who does not at first realize this can be easily turned with a little force" (p. 56) 2. How has access to pornography, it's level proliferation and the intersection of pop culture and pornography impacted definitions of masculinity and femininity? How has it impacted definitions and expectations of sexuality and sexual desire? In many ways, the technological proliferation of pornography has had a detectable social impact. With the internet, the availability and accessibility of pornographic content has grown exponentially. So too has the opportunity for exploitative behavior to proliferate without any regulatory oversight. As a result, increasing variety and extremity of pornographic acts may be found with the ease of a search engine. Among other factors, this has increased access for younger online users, helping to stimulate an understanding of male and female interaction as being inherently sexualized and fetishized, Jensen warns. 3. Why is Jensen anit-porn? What is your opinion? Jensen (2007) makes the case that sexuality has long been a context in which the male impulses to subordinate and subjugate……

Pages: 2  |  Term Paper  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 0


Gender, Sexuality, and Identity --

Thus, rather the man stands as a martyr to philosophy, willing to die for the state whose protection he assumed, a state that allowed for him to teach for much of his life. A citizen, even in disagreement with the law, argues Socrates, may willingly engage in acts of civil disobedience and disobey the laws of the city. However, the citizen must also willingly assume the consequences of doing so, even if those consequences are death. SECTION D: Margaret Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale -- Question 8:Cheat nature? Ironically, the commander of Margaret Atwood's The Handmaid's Tale says to the main character that one cannot cheat nature, in the sense that the commander believes that feminism and a liberal democracy runs antithetical to what is natural, namely the natural subordination of women to men. Yet he himself is attempting to cheat nature and produce a child, when his own wife is barren, and with a woman who is not simply married to another man, but whose own child has been taken from her, an indignity not even many animals 'in nature' are subject to suffer. Even in the framework of the novel, characters like the commander find ways to follow their natural instincts, as he takes his mistress, not in the regimented and ritualistic way prescribed by his fundamentalist faith, to a kind of brothel-like establishment. There, women who are lesbian are forced to serve men -- but also engage in what feels natural to them, sexually, on their 'off' hours. Even the handmaidens, 'naturally' try to protect their skin to keep their beauty and find ways of dreaming about a life outside of their current plight -- as exemplified in the carved Latin 'don't let the bastards get you down' on a piece of furniture, as well as seek more effective political means of resistance. Even though the Bible is under lock and key to prevent competing interpretations (or of women engaging in reading) transgressions seem to naturally take place in all characters lives take place, even in the lives of the leaders of the land. The commander sees male sexual desire as natural, in contrast to female sexual reticence, while the handmaiden sees her love of her child as natural, in contrast to her own mother's feminism. Overall, the book suggests there is no 'natural' that is stable, and no nature to cheat. SECTION F: The Sermon on the…

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Gender Show and Tell

Gender and Sexuality: What it Means to be a Man In her essay, "Pills and Power Tools," Susan Bordo makes the point that male sexuality is not associated with sensuality or pleasure. Instead, male sexuality is associated with performance and force. Sex is something that men do to women, not something that is done to men. Furthermore it is something that men almost need to accomplish in order to complete their jobs as men. Sexual satisfaction is equated with sexual completion. Bordo talks about impotence and the idea that when a man has impotence he is described as impotent, and that such language is not reflected in other areas. Before discussing the show and tell item, it is important to address Bordo's assertions, because they are not correct. People are labeled diabetic, autistic, retarded, schizophrenic, nymphomaniacs, addicts, savants, and a whole variety of semi-diagnostic labels, rather than being characterized as a person with an illness. To suggest that impotence is the only time that a medical label is used as a noun is a disingenuous example and it this one-sided focus that seems to permeate much of Bordo's article. Yes, men drill, hammer, or screw women, if one looks at the popular terminology for sex. However, men also make love to women, shag, hump, or hook up with a woman. In other words, not every male-related term for sex is violent or reflects the idea of the penis as a tool. The ad for KY Yours and Mine actually reflects the idea that male sexual satisfaction is important to the sexual experience. Bordo's argument is that many sex-related products are strongly gender-divided. Products for men are supposed to increase performance, while products for women are supposed to increase enjoyment. Of……

Pages: 2  |  Essay  |  Style: n/a  |  Sources: 1


Performativity the Intersections Between Gender,

My parents and their left-wing mentality held sway over his heart, but Andrew is not above pandering to the crowd. I'm sure on more than one occasion he kept his mouth shut when the guys in the locker room made homophobic remarks. And I also know that the only reason my brother escaped the scourge of bullying was that (a) he was strong and looked it; and (b) he was a nice guy and people tended to like him. Darren did get beat up. A lot, come to think of it. My brother stood up for him once, when he was ten. He got a black eye for it, and I think it made him proud. The birthday smooch took him back to that moment. It made him proud to kiss his friend, in what must have felt like a platonic gesture to them both. My brother was at that moment overcome years of indoctrination into a social code that was at once very much his own (for, after all, he fit in very well with the jocks); and at the same time, very much a source of shame for him. My brother doesn't think too hard about these things, which is good. He doesn't use words like "interstitial" or "performativity." Andrew is just Andrew. He's lucky that way, because he does not experience much conflict within himself regarding his sexuality. Yet at the moment he kissed Darren, I knew by the spontaneous handclaps all around me, that I was surrounded by acts of performativity. Every person was thinking, "Oh! They're gonna get it on!" Perhaps it was a freak coincidence (because I don't think my brother capable of thinking this deeply), at that very moment in the club the DJ was playing a song by Louis Armstrong. The words go, "A kiss is just a kiss." This kiss was, for him, just a kiss. To the rest of us, though, it was an act of overt rebellion that challenged the positions of our normative boundaries. What does it mean to be gay, straight, or even bisexual? Does a straight man kiss his friend, with love, on the lips, and remain straight? My brother and I say yes, but we are subversive folk.…

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Sex and Gender and Men at Work

GENDER RELATIONS ISSUES -- (500 to 750 words requested) In "Let's Talk about Gender, Baby" Wendy Kaminer makes the argument that contemporary American vocabulary perpetuates sexism. The author provides several examples of common phrases such as "woman doctor" that are inherently sexist because there is no counterpart for male physicians. The only reason that the phrases "woman doctor" exists is because, in our society, doctors are presumed to be male. Likewise, in "Men at Work" Anna Quindlen details the ways that gender roles continue to define the respective family and responsibilities of married men and women. One of the most significant ideas in the two pieces is the notion referenced by Kaminer that our societal value system "vacillates between Puritanism and permissiveness" in so far as issues of sexual morality are understood. That raises a problem that is actually much more significant than sexism in language and family roles. Notwithstanding all of the progress that has been made in the realm of gender equality in employment law and other areas of American society, there is an important feature of sexism that is still dominant in American society: namely, gender-based sexual morality. Generally, females are socialized to accept the more Puritanical view of personal sexual morality and males are socialized to enjoy much different permissive rules. It should be no mystery why so many sexual relationships lead to disappointment for at least one of the individuals and much more often the female. This gender-based differential in sexual morality mores virtually guarantees the perpetuation of predatory pursuit of sexual relations because women are encouraged to express their sexuality primarily in significant relationships. By contrast, because men are socially rewarded for sexual conquests, they typically conceal that their only interest in some women is superficial and exclusively sexual, because men learn that many more women will consent to sexual relations within the context of a sincere "romantic" interest from a man than in the context of an honest acknowledgement that the man is uninterested in the women besides sexually. Essentially, the way we socialize males and females differently about sexuality creates natural incentives for men to purposely misrepresent their interest in women because feigning a sincere or "romantic" interest is usually the most direct path to……

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Race, Gender, Sex - Rollin'

This book reflects this very authentically. The main players bob and weave in their own ways between what they want and what they value where sex seems always to be a subplot. The strong and confident Edgar, who wants to showcase his independence and pride, explodes with jealousy and fear when Vicente, whom he wants to help come out of the closet, tells their friends about Edgar's secret (that he is having sex with the school janitor). Edgar scoffs, calling Vicente a faggot while proclaiming proudly how we would really never give away such an important asset of his so easily. As Edgar says to their group: "I would never give my youth up that fast. I not that stupid. 'Sides, he stay married already. Vicente just jealous cuz I can get what I want and he no can." It sounds very much like the reality shows many adults of today have gravitated towards. In a similar way, when Trina talks of her lover, Erwin, a high-school jock, she openly shares how she knows he loves her because of his wisdom of not wanting her to get pregnant too early. Plus, he always brings lots of condoms. She knows he is not "dickin around," that he really loves her, even if we as readers doubt that he cares of much beyond his football reputation. Still, the confidence that she portrays is pretty solid, even if misplaced. She sees no conflict with what she knows and what the rest of us experience for her. Like Kalihi in Farrah, it is better to act like what you really want than to want something you're fearful of portraying. But the real story across all of the many layers is their use of language. This book is not just about youth and their exploits and naivetes. It is about the Pidgin-ing of a language to fit into the forces that rule their lives. How they roll together Tagalog, Hawaiian idioms, and 1970s American television perplexes everyone while giving a salute to their cultural clashes. How they speak demarks their personal uniqueness, their strange creativity, their defiance; and it even sets them apart from what the school and their peers really value. Filipino culture doesn't express such openness and blatant sexuality. But American TV suggests they should and they grab for what they can reach. They know little about how Pidgin comes from the need…

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Sexuality Is Defined, Expressed, and

Because Trish is female and expected to have a lower sex drive than a male, she only presses Andy because of personal and psychological reasons but not because her biology is screaming for orgasm. Andy's abstinence is deviant, but it also lowers his sex drive to the presumed level of the female. 40-year-old Virgin simultaneously upholds and subverts normative sexual behavior and gender norms. On the one hand, the film shows that men are considered deviant if their sex drives do not determine their behaviors or ensure dominance over women. On the other hand, the film shows that men are perhaps not as biologically determined as is suggested by the NSA axiomatic norms that govern American society. Andy's friends come to realize how their being driven by androcentric sexual norms have interfered with their relationships and peace of mind. Andy himself comes to see that his deviant virginity has ensured self-fulfillment in that he genuinely does want a stable, monogamous heterosexual relationship and was not interested in conforming to the norms that constrain his peers' behavior. 40-year-old Virgin also shows how sex operates on complex dimensions, and is at the intersection between self and society. Sex is both deeply personal, but also essentially political and social in nature. Sex becomes a significant rite of passage for Andy, but that rite of passage arrived decades after it does for most men in his cultural milieu. References McGann, PJ (n.d.). The sexual natural attitude. Padgug, R.A. (1989). Sexual matters: On Conceptualizing Sexuality in History. Chapter 2 in Passion and Power. Peiss, K. & Simmons, C. Eds. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. Schwartz, P. & Rutter, V. (1998). The Gender of Sexuality. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge. Seidman, S. (2010). The Science of Sex: Sexology and……

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Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing

¶ … roles of gender and sexuality in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing, with particular focus on the gender identity of Hero. For all that Much Ado About Nothing is a cheery play, it has more to do with gender conflicts than happy endings. Much Ado argues, on the surface, for a binarily gendered world. It argues that women and…

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Biology, Culture, and Gender the Conceptual Inadequacy

Biology, Culture, And Gender The Conceptual Inadequacy of the Binary Gender System: In Sexing the Body: Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality (2000) Anne Fausto-Sterling explains that the binary concept of human sexuality is inadequate to account for the true range of variation of human gender. According to Fausto-Sterling, human social beliefs and culture have arbitrarily assigned all human beings to one or the other of only two opposite genders despite the fact that human gender orientation actually occurs along a much broader spectrum than can be accounted for by the two polar opposite gender assignments of "male" and "female" (p52). Fausto-Sterling suggests that the existence of homosexual, bisexual, transsexual, and transgender phenomena are evidence that human sexual identity is much more complex than is capable of binary categorization (p53). Whereas traditional cultural views of gender and sexual identity regard gender as strictly a function of biological structure, the author explains that many other genetic variables and external influences actually make gender a product of nature and nurture elements that operate together as an "indivisible, dynamic system (p228). Intersex Ambiguity and Cultural Biases Based on the Binary Gender Concept: The author explains that as many as two percent of all human beings are born as intersexuals, including those born with mixed sets of genitals, and chromosomal abnormalities in which internal genetic makeup do not correspond to external appearance. Fausto-Sterling suggests that where an infant is born with any kind of ambiguous genital appearance, standard medical practice has been for the physician to assign a gender artificially and solely based on the physical appearance despite the fact that genital configuration is only one very narrow component of human gender.……

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Sexuality of Hermaphrodites Human Beings Are an

Sexuality of Hermaphrodites Human beings are an incredibly diverse species within itself - race, ethnicity, geography, family, gender are all variables, just as DNA, fingerprints, and retinas all combine to create absolutely unique creatures - no two exactly alike. The other thing about people, is that there are infinite variations created by subtle differences in DNA and in our physical…

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Human Sexuality Has Changed Considerable Over the

Human Sexuality has changed considerable over the past. When one looks at history we find that during the course of man progressing to become more and more civilized, human sexuality has undergone great evolution. With time there have been changes in society as well as culture, which have brought about vast changes in human sexuality and a redefinition of traditional gender roles. Questions regarding what are the standards of human sexual behavior are being debated upon extensively. Where polygamous societies existed, monogamy is now spoken for. There was a time when interracial marriages were forbidden and against the law in the United States, however today no such law exists. At a point in time what was considered to be deviant is now considered a variable only and such is seen in the wide acceptance of homosexuality and movements and considerations given to legitimize same sex marriages. The 1960s came with a revolutionary thought in mind and people advocated for free sex for all. However such thoughts and ideas received a blow with the outbreak of STDs like AIDS. In the past there were specific roles given to males and females. Where the male was primarily the bread earner of the family, the females were given the role to take care of the household and the nurturing of the children. Their role was primarily to mold the child's character and introduce him to things like family values. Today these roles have changed, not completely, but to a certain extent where children spend their time in day care centers and the only character building that they receive is from schools and peer groups. This is mainly due to the rise of feminist groups which voiced for equal rights and set out for job opportunities. While women changed their role in the family and set out for an economical stability of their own, children have been given to others to take care of. Many today feel that children are only……

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Compare and Contrast Perceptions of Genders in College Basketball

¶ … Perceptions of Genders in College Basketball The activities in games are a part of college and students participate in it to fulfill their own perceptions about themselves. There are also benefits they expect from the sport that they engage in, and that is mainly due to their own preferences. At the same time, the sport itself projects an…

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Gays, Lesbians, Bisexuals Sexuality of

Two men involved in a consensual sexual relationships are considered gay. Two women involved in a consensual sexual relationship are considered lesbian. The term bisexual typically refers to a person who is attracted to members of both sexes, although bisexuals may be involved in monogamous relationships with members of either sex. However, the label often follows behavior, rather than attraction. For example, a homosexual who marries a member of the opposite sex and never acts on the same-sex attraction would be classified as straight by most people. In fact, programs aimed at changing sexual orientation speaks of success rates in terms of behavior changes, rather than changes in attraction. Likewise, heterosexuals may find themselves engaging in same-sex behaviors because of a lack of opportunity with members of the opposite, such as when incarcerated people engaged in same-sex behavior (Wikipedia, "Sexual Orientation"). Obviously, definining human sexuality is a daunting task. The first issue is that there are not simply two genders. Instead, there are persons who exhibit both male and female sex characteristics. Furthermore, there are people whose chromosomes are neither male nor female. Finally, there are those who are biologically or chromosomally members of one gender, but who identify with the other gender. The second issue is that, even in cases where gender can be identified, sexual orientation is a fluid construct. Some people who identify as one sexual orientation may engage in situational sexual behavior that differs from their orientation. In addition, people may not have an identifiable sexual orientation because their orientation may have changed over time and space. It is impossible to tell someone how to view gender or sexuality because no person, even looking at behavior, genitalia, or chromosomes, can determine the gender or sexual orientation of another person. Works Cited Athenadorus. "Homosexuality: Its Genetic Basis and Evolutionary Benefit." Danaan Press. 2002. Danaan Press. 10 Nov. 2005 . Wikipedia. "Intersexuality." Wikipedia. 2005. Wiki Media. 10 Nov. 2005 . Wikipedia. "Non-human Animal Sexuality." Wikipedia. 2005. Wiki Media. 10 Nov. 2005 . Wikipedia. "Sexual Orientation." Wikipedia. 2005. Wiki Media. 10 Nov. 2005 . Wikipedia. "Third Gender." Wikipedia. 2005. Wiki Media. 10 Nov. 2005 .…

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Feminism Three Topics on Sexuality Examine How

Feminism Three Topics on Sexuality Examine how Two Feminist Thinkers Recast the Self as Subject? Since its initiation as a theoretical discourse, feminist theory has been tasked with revising traditional theories of the self. Specifically, the traditional, essentialist, humanistic theory of the self had been predicated on the notion that subjectivity is subsumed with an instinct toward procreation, and feminism versed this view. Moreover, the universalist theory of subjectivity has an inherent bias toward the male, who is viewed as the passive agent while the female is subordinated within a position of submission. In order to advance the project of improving female agency -- one of the central motives of feminism -- it was necessary to formulate some framework of female subjectivity that did not position women as subject to male domination. Two thinkers who recast the self as subject were Eve Sedgwick and Judith Butler, each of whom situate subjectivity as socially constructed rather than biologically defined. In "Axiomatic," Eve Sedgwick accepts Foucault's central premise that sexuality is invented when it is socially constructed. In this regard, sexuality is socially constructed rather than biologically determined. Sedgwick's theory differs from that of Simone de Beauvoir, for example, who asserts that women are inherently positioned as the other on the basis of their genitalia. Meanwhile, Sedgwick destabilizes sexuality to a greater extent than Foucault, arguing that subjectivity cannot be totalized on the basis of gender. While society is integral in shaping subjectivity, it does not have a totalizing effect. Borrowing from Derrida, Sedgwick argues that there is difference even between those who exist within the same cultural group. To this end, Sedgwick destabilizes the bond between each person and their cultural group. Instead of defining subjectivity on the basis of procreation, Sedgwick sees it as the result of the interaction between the person, their cultural group, and society. Butler is similar to Sedgwick in that she sees subjectivity as culturally determined rather than biological. However, she considers subjectivity to be less individualistic, arguing that people can never be truly autonomous but instead are inextricably tied to the worldview of their cultural group. In this regard, a lesbian or feminist cannot conceive of themselves as distinct from how lesbians and feminists are defined by society. Both Butler and Sedgwick demonstrate the way in which the self is a social being, rather than one that is driven by a procreative instinct. Discuss Eve…

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Homosexuality Demedicalization of the Gender Identity Disorder

Homosexuality Demedicalization of the Gender Identity Disorder Gender identity is a highly controversial subject. The notion that one's gender is a significant determination of personality traits, behavioral characteristics, social tendencies, romantic engagements and self-perception is a critical one. However, it is also subject to debate because of the imperatives created by the social construct of gender. This often clashes with…

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Gender Influences on Women and or Men's Lives

Gender African-American men understand the issue of white privilege, which frequently goes unnoticed by those who possess that privilege. In fact, it is almost part of the definition of white privilege that whites remain unaware of the social status, consideration, and opportunity automatically proffered. Being able to switch back and forth between white and black identities is not possible, and…

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Gender and Sexuality in the

His experiences as an emissary to Gethen challenge this assumption about the inherent division by gender between all beings. However, Le Guin's novel does not take an idealized perspective of genderless life. On one hand, there is no discrimination against women and no patriarchical authority that forces women into an inferior position, based upon their biological status. However, Karhide is in a political conflict with the neighboring state of Orgoreyn. Lacking gender does not result in a perfect society, but it does make the people of Gethen more 'human' to some degree. All beings are equally able within their respective societies to enjoy their full capacity to think and maximize their full potential, regardless of gender. What is considered strange and perverse depends upon what is constructed as normal, not something inherent to the human condition. Ali is considered just as odd in Gethen someone who transgresses gender norms in our society. Le Guin's text thus functions as both a critique of modern society's obsession with distinctions between males and females but also as a critique of so-called 'difference feminism' which suggests that women are inherently more cooperative than males, and that once gender distinctions end, so will all the problems of the world. The people of Gethen still struggle, but at least the struggles of gender stereotypes have been left behind and they can focus upon more pressing problems. Work Cited Le Guin, Ursula. The Left Hand of Darkness. Ace,……

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Sexuality & PC-TV Facts About

Conclusion From sexuality being a tight-lipped subject for television, to a show entirely about lesbians, the media has certainly come a long way to embracing a new kind of sexuality, one that focuses on sexual orientation and seeks to provide a new reality for the average American. Do gays want the same things that straight people do? Absolutely. Do gay couples stress about how to find a sperm donor (just like a straight fertility challenged couple might?). Absolutely. In short, the only way to represent a group is to show it, in all its "Must See TV!" glory (McCarthy 94), to its mundane life details, to its heartbreaking coming out scene, television, it seems, has got it all covered, whether American are ready for it or not. Works Cited Block, Jenny. "One Million Moms Attacks JCPenney Over Ad With Lesbian Mothers." Huffpost Gay Voices. Huffington Post, May 3, 2012. Web. 6 May 2012. . Class notes. 2012. 1-34. Print. Crooks, Robert, and Karla Baur. Our Sexuality. 10th ed. Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth, 2008. 1-23. Print. Junger, Gil, dir. "Hello Muddah, Hello Faddah." Perf. Ellen DeGeneres. Ellen. ABC: 05/07/1997. Television. . McCarthy, Anna. "Must See' Queer TV: History and Serial Form in Ellen." Quality Popular Television: Cult TV, the Industry, and Fans. Ed. Mark Tancovich and Ed. James Lyons. London: BFI Publishing, 2003. 90-100. Print. Sedgwick, Eve. "The L Word': Novelty……

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Gender When Unraveling Is the

However, it is also a freedom that derives from their lesser social standing and degree of power. Halberstam outlines how femininity and masculinity as social constructs are unparallel and uneven in how they can be negotiated. Tomboyism appears to be quite common for girls and does not generally give rise to parental fears & #8230; because comparable cross-identification behaviors in…

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Childhood Any Less Safe and

People who engage in sexual playfulness, cybersex, sodomy and sexual fetishes also present other queer features of sexuality in the society. Sexuality initially was a sacred factor of society. However, these practices and developments in the society make the current society a den of queer sexual practices. Question four what does the five dimensions of sexual markets, commercialization and consumption…

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Human Sexuality and Homophobia Even

The story of Gwen Aruajo touches upon another important issue: gender roles. Because men and women are considered to be bound by their biology, it is difficult for many people to accept the fact that a person can be born a woman and feel like a man or vice-versa. The film Boys Don't Cry is an example of hate crimes…

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Gender Roles Sex Is a

But regardless, the idea that one can feel such a tension highlights the constructed nature of sex as 'only two bodies' as well as gender as 'only male and female.' The fact that transvestites, who do not necessarily feel such a conflict, but merely perform in a persona of the opposite gender, can perform gender also shows that one can have a body sexed in a particular fashion and that what appears to be of a certain sex can be altered with entirely socialized constructions as clothing, makeup, and behavior, as well as other accoutrements. (Butler, 1990) Some people, of course, would allege that they are neither male nor female in their true self, but androgynous. The difficulty of what is 'androgyny,' however, also highlights the difficulty of defining gender. The psychoanalytical theorist Bem has viewed androgyny to mean an individual is "both highly masculine and highly feminine, rather than neither masculine nor feminine," and stated that it is "better to be androgynous in today's society as men and women need to be adaptable, and willing to share all types of jobs, without saying that one job is woman's work or another job is just for men." (Bem, 2004) But 'androgyny,' can also be used as term to assume sexual and gender differences as givens and to view deviance from these ideals no one really fulfills as kind of extraordinary behavior, even if Bem views it as positive behavior. Bem says that androgyny should not be seen as an absence of masculinity or femininity, but it is difficult to conceive of what an absence of masculinity or femininity would be, because it is so difficult to conceive of a society absent of gender. If most people are androgynous, why cling to distinctions of gender or sex at all? Interestingly enough as well, even if an individual rates high on Bem's androgyny scale, does not mean that 'he' or 'she' will view his or her true nature as androgynous. Because of the social constructions of gender, a woman may view her 'handiness' around the house, not as a transcendence of labor norms that limit women's strength, but merely part of housecleaning duties. A man who is a professor might view his solicitous and caring attention to his students during office hours not as feminine care giving, but as an extension of his masculine role as a professor and a highly competent…

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Sexuality Can Be Discussed and

This is because they have placed that love as their center of happiness and when things go wrong, they end up in disappointments. Many people go on to expect different things from love. If a person is going through psychological problems, he might go on to resolve his conflicts through a relationship. In that relationship, the person is able to attain gratification and domination through sadism or masochism. This is an example of love, intact and sexual perversions all in one category. A person placed the love or the relationship as the center of their attention. However, they link the perversions and the abnormal sexual behavior with that relationship as well. This sort of relationship can rarely lead to marriage and a peaceful life. Therefore, it was that psychological conflict led to sexual perversion and ultimate disruption of civilization. Works cited Freud, Sigmund. Civilization and its discontents. New York: W.W. Norton, 1962. Print. Freud, Sigmund. Three essays on the theory of sexuality. London: Imago Pub. Co., 1949. Print. Freud, Sigmund. The ego and the id. New York: Norton, 1961. Print. Freud, Sigmund. The major works of Sigmund Freud. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1955. Print.……

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Gender Identity in Film

¶ … Gender identity is an individual's isolated awareness, and personal understanding, of their own gender. Sexual identity. Sexual orientation is the favored term used when discussing a person's bodily and/or demonstrative desirability to the similar and/or contrary gender. "Heterosexual," "bisexual" and "homosexual" are what are recognized as sexual orientations. An individual's sexual orientation is separate from a person's gender…

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Attitudes Toward Human Sexuality Human Sexuality Is

Attitudes Toward Human Sexuality Human sexuality is often mentioned today when there is a differentiation between humans and animals that comes in discussion. Many people are proud to say that the only creatures that engage in sexual activities for the sake of pleasure are humans. Some may add: there appears to be recent evidence that dolphins may enjoy having sex,…

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