Study "Sexuality / Gender" Essays 771-825

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Yaz Birth Control Research Proposal

… ¶ … Business

YAZ Birth Control

Although there has been a lot of talk recently about the negative effects of YAZ there a many positive things that can be said about it as well. One thing is that the benefits outweigh the disadvantages of using Yaz. Like all combination birth control pills, YAZ is 99% effective at preventing pregnancy when taken as directed. YAZ can also give a woman shorter, lighter periods, regulate their cycle, and reduce cramps. But YAZ goes beyond just birth control. For women who choose the Pill for contraception, YAZ is the only birth control proven to treat premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), which is a condition with emotional and physical premenstrual symptoms that severe enough to impact a woman's life (YAZ, n.d.).

Taking any form of oral birth control is strictly a woman's choice. This is a decision that she has to make after doing extensive research on the subject and then talking to her doctor. If and in what manner a woman chooses to go about using birth control is completely a decision of… [read more]

Impact of Birth Control in China Thesis

… China Birth Control

The effects of Birth Control in China

Technological developments necessarily have an impact on human societies, though the degree may vary from culture to culture. One technological innovation of the past century that has had a profound… [read more]

Personal Values Development Current Value Positions Religion Essay

… Personal Values Development

Current Value Positions


I believe that there is a kernel of social value at the center of most contemporary religions in my social culture. On the other hand, it seems that it would be much healthier… [read more]

Sex Offender Programs the Treatment Term Paper

… (2005). Commentary: An ethical paradigm for sex offender treatment: A response to Levenson and D'Amora. Western Criminology Review. Retrieved January 31, 2010 from

Grossman, L. et al. (1999). Are sex offenders treatable? A research overview. Psychiatric Services. Retrieved January 31, 2010 from

Kafka, M. (2006). Pharmacological treatments for sexual offenders. IATSO International Association for the Treatment of Sexual Offenders. Retrieved January 31, 2010 from

Kokish, R. (n.d.) Sex offender treatment. Does it work? Is it worth it? California Coalition on Sexual Offending. Retrieved January 31, 2010 from

Meisenkothen (1999). Chemical castration: breaking the cycle of paraphilic recidivism. Social Justice. Retrieved January 31, 2010 from;jsessionid=LlkKVy9TbLDTg0bMM414P1kPMQ6JglxwKhhB5PvyVy297gPMvw91!-1623544978!1317424680?docId=5001290301

Zgoba, K. et al. (2003). Evaluation of New Jersey's sex offender treatment program at the Adult Diagnostic and Treatment Center: preliminary results. Journal of Psychiatry and Law. Retrieved January 31, 2010 from [read more]

Constitutional Rights of Gay Lesbians Transgendered Thesis

… Constitutional Queer

The Modern Legal History of Homosexuality: The Rights of Gays, Lesbians, and Transgendereds in the U.S. Constitution

There are only a handful of political issues in the past few decades -- and in the current time-that are as… [read more]

Eating Disorders in the Male Term Paper

… Why people choose a type of disorder is one of the areas that has not been studied, so more analysis into why people choose what they choose should be established, as well.

It is important to note that these eating… [read more]

Jeffrey Dahmer Essay

… The Psychological Profile of Jeffery Dahmer
The name Jeffrey Dahmer immediately strikes a chord of disgust and
intrigue for the manner and degree of a killing spree that begin in 1978
and culminated in his 1991 arrest. Bludgeoned to death… [read more]

Hormones and the Brain Essay

… Sexual Orientation


Sexual Orientation, Hormones and the Brain

There are a number of theories which link homosexuality to hormones and the brain. One theory suggests that the amount of prenatal exposure to androgens results in subtle brain differences which could be responsible for homosexuality (Carlson, 2007). Androgens, male sex hormones which including testosterone and dihydrotestosterone, have a masculinizing effect. Thus, according to this theory, male homosexuals have neither masculinized nor feminized brains, female homosexuals have masculinized and defeminized brains, and homosexuals have masculinized but not defeminized brains. Of course, these are only speculations and must be supported by further research.

Another theory, based on the examination of the brains of deceased heterosexual women and heterosexual and homosexual men, found that the suprachiasmatic nucleus is smaller in heterosexual men and women and larger in homosexual men (Carlson, 2007). These examinations also found a sexually dimorphic nucleus in the hypothalamus to be larger in heterosexual men and smaller in… [read more]

Activational Effects of Sex Hormones at Different Essay

… ¶ … Activational Effects of Sex Hormones

At different stages in our lives sex hormones play different roles (Carlson, 2007). Organizational effects of sex hormones occur during prenatal development. This process determines whether a baby will become a male or female by influencing the development of the baby's brain and sex organs. The effects of these hormones are permanent. Activational effects of sex hormones occur after birth and not until a person's sex organs have developed. This process is responsible for inducing ovulation, activating sperm, and making erections and ejaculation possible. Unlike organizational effects, activational effects are only temporary.

Sex hormones do not have the same organizing effects in males and females (Carlson, 2007). Rather, it is the absence of hormones secreted by the gonads that creates a female and the secretion of these hormones that creates a male. If these hormones are secreted then the Wolffian system develops, defined as "the embryonic precursors of the… [read more]

Inescapability of Self-Interest in the Tempest Essay

… ¶ … Inescapability of Self-Interest in the Tempest

The Tempest is in some ways one of Shakespeare's most complex and difficult to understand plays. The plot is relatively straightforward, but the motivations and lessons that are woven into this plot and the characters' actions are not immediately visible. Bevington asserts that the various instances of manipulation in which Prospero engages are done only to lead men to a "renewed faith in goodness," and furthermore that they consist primarily of illusion, without real effect. Jarvis is even more naive in his interpretation of The Tempest's plot and Prospero's motivations; he accepts at face value Prospero's claim early in the play that everything he does is done for Miranda's sake. An examination of the way Prospero actually uses his magic reveals that neither of these interpretations is entirely accurate, and in fact they miss one of the major lessons and developments in the play.

It is true that Prospero does not seek the return of his throne, at least not at the end of the play. When he forgives Alonso with seeming nonchalance in saying, "Let us not burden our remembrance with / A heaviness that's gone," however, he is showing a distinct shift in his character from what was evident throughout the bulk of the play (Act V, scene I, line 230). His creation of the tempest of the title, with which the play opens and which makes the entire play possible in bringing the nobility of Naples to his island, is a clear indicator that Prospero is fully willing to "burden his rememberance" with the events of the past -- indeed, he harps on them constantly. It is not only the past wrongs that were committed directly to him that he recounts time and time again, but also the good that he has done for… [read more]

Gay Rights: Today's Civil Rights Challenge Thesis

… Gay Rights: Today's Civil Rights Challenge

The conservatism of America's identity has often come to clash violently with the progressivism of its ideology, with the end result, optimistically speaking, bringing the two sides into closer congress with one another. Today,… [read more]

Gay Rights and Obama's Approach Research Proposal

… Gay Rights and Obama's Approach To It

President Barak Obama: Gay rights

President Barak Obama's position on gay rights has often been difficult to decipher. On one hand, as the nation's first African-American president, Obama might be assumed to support one of the major modern civil rights movements' goals and objectives, such as gay marriage and an end to the military's 'don't ask, don't tell' policy regarding sexual orientation. The current president's overall moderate-to-liberal political views on all social issues would also seem to support such analysis. Yet Obama is also a member of a religious tradition, the African-American Protestant tradition, which has not always shown overwhelming support for gays, even though many gay men and women are African-American. His feelings as well as his commitment to the subject remain in doubt.

The ambiguity of Obama's attitude is exemplified in his inaugural address. Obama was criticized by gay rights activists when he chose spiritual leader Reverend Rick Warren to give the invocation prayer. Warren has "likened gay marriage to an incestuous relationship and polygamy, and supported passage of a controversial California gay marriage ban" (Gay bishop, on Top, 2009). However, openly gay bishop Rev. Gene Robinson of New Hampshire, a long-standing Obama supporter, was also invited to give a prayer during the inauguration celebratory events for the president.

In 1996, as a candidate for the Illinois State Senate, President-Elect Barack Obama gave statements that expressed an "unequivocal support for gay marriage," not civil unions. Obama, as a child of an interracial couple, would also seem to naturally support minimal regulation of consensual marriages between adults (Linkins 2009). However, the official Defense of Marriage Act that prohibits same-sex marriage still stands, and in a speech to an LGBT group, Obama said: "I want to add we have a duty to uphold existing law, but I believe we must do so in a way that does not exacerbate old divides. And fulfilling this duty in upholding the law in no way lessens my commitment to reversing this law. I've made that clear" (Obcamb 2009).

For activists, Obama's policy seems… [read more]

Mass Media Text Research Proposal

… Media Literacy, Culture, And Critical Process in the Office

Episode Description

The Fifth episode ("Mafia") of Season Six of the NBC prime-time comedy hit the Office originally aired on Thursday, October 15, 2009. Its principle plot line is Michael's Scott's… [read more]

Conservative Case for the Gay Marriage Essay

… Conservative Case for Gay Marriage

Aristotle described three types of rhetoric, ethos, logos and pathos. According to Aristotle, rhetoric is "the ability, in each particular case, to see the available means of persuasion." In his article "Conservative Case for Gay Marriage," author Andrew Sullivan does a great job of persuading his conservative target audience because he effectively leverages all three rhetoric techniques.

For Aristotle, the writers' ethos meant the degree of credibility or trustworthiness that authors establish with the audience through their writing. Sullivan uses the tool of ethos in several ways. He brings up the fact that he is gay so he has a lot of credibility when he talks about gay feelings and the difficulties gay people encounter in a world that shuns them. He appeals to government authorities in Canada, the Netherlands and Belgium who support the marital rights for gays and lesbians. Sullivan also appeals to popular support when he talks about how the majority of people 30 and younger see gay marriage as inevitable and understandable. Sullivan creates the picture that the world has changed and is now ready to embrace gay marriage.

Logos persuades the reader through the powers of reasoning. Sullivan's discussion of religion and gay marriage represents a powerful use of logos. He states that, although the Roman Catholic Church opposes remarriage after divorce, it doesn't seek to make civil divorce and remarriage illegal for everyone. Thus, he effectively reasons that various religious groups can choose to endorse same-sex marriage or not as they see fit, but they should not seek to prevent gays from being treated equally under civil law. Sullivan also mentions that conservatives are right to embrace the importance of marriage for fostering responsibility, commitment and the domestication of unruly men, and reasons that applying this same… [read more]

Giving Birth Control Devices to Teenagers Essay

… ¶ … Teenagers Birth Control

Proponents believe that it is the key to reducing teenage pregnancy rates, which is a view supported by many pediatricians (Tanner, 2005). According to that view, the abstinence-only approach to sex education is ineffective. Opponents believe that providing birth control information and devices to teenagers encourages them to become sexually active earlier than they would have otherwise (Russell, 2008).

The available data actually supports the value of giving birth control to teenagers, suggesting that the proper use rate among teenagers is approximately 70% (Hench, 2007). However, one of the most controversial aspects of initiatives to supply birth control to teenagers arises in connection with doing so without parental consent (Hench, 2007; Russell, 2008). In particular, even among adults who support the idea of providing birth control to teenagers are much less supportive of proposals to do so without parental consent, especially in the case of teenagers younger than 16 years of age (Hench, 2008).

Meanwhile, proponents of such programs point out that fewer than 20% of teens indicate that they would… [read more]

Vaginosis a Growing Scourge Among Childbearing Women Research Proposal

… Vaginosis


Chief Complaint -- Julita, 22 years old, complained of abnormal vaginal discharge (Brown, 2007). She described the discharge as offensive and fishy-smelling.

I last saw the patient two weeks ago on July 2,… [read more]

Philosophy and Pornography Research Proposal

… Philosophy and Pornography

Pornography is a very divisive subject, and, even though people have enjoyed watching pornography for centuries, there is still a large part of society that does not appreciate the existence of the porn industry. There are several factors for which some people might regard pornography as something deviant and harmful for society. Anti-pornography radical feminists have first expressed their discontent during the 1980s, when a porn actress had claimed that she had been violently forced to act in a pornographic movie. The controversy regarding the benefits of pornography has its roots in ancient Athens, where philosophers were fervently debating on the subject.

One of the main reasons for which some people don't agree with the existence of pornography would be that male performers usually display dominant behavior towards female performers. Those that watch pornography might be lead to believe that pornography resembles real life and that men are entitled to treat women similarly.

Both Plato and his student, Aristotle, have dealt with the topic of pornography. While they had both been some of the greatest fathers of philosophy, it would appear that they had different opinions when concerning pornography. As Walter M. Kendrick notes, Plato did not appreciate art or anything related to it, believing that it had been one of the foremost factors harming the human soul. In contrast, Aristotle believed that art had been something necessary for man to use whenever he had been in need of it.

In Aristotle's opinion, people sometimes needed certain things to keep them distracted and to purge away their harmful emotions. Most probably, the same thing happens when one watches pornography, with his lust being eliminated after the abuse. One can almost claim that being against pornography meant that you would take a Platonic position. Quite the opposite happens when… [read more]

Prostitution and Sexual Slavery in India Thesis

… Prostitution and Sexual Slavery in India

Understanding the Indian Sex Trade

In her monumental book for young adults, Sold, Patricia McCormick tells the story of Lakshmi, a thirteen-year-old Nepalese girl who has to deal with some difficult circumstances at her… [read more]

Decided to Install Condom Dispensers in All of the Rest Rooms Essay

… ¶ … install condom dispensers in all of the rest rooms.

In favor of condom vending machines at Camden County College

Recently, objections have been raised to Camden County College's decision to install condom dispensers in all of the university's restrooms. Opponents argue that this sends a bad message to the student body, regarding sexual practices. They say that young people should not feel as if premarital sex is encouraged by the administration. If they wish to engage in sexual practices, then they can purchase condoms at a drug store. Some have also "raised questions as to how the parents of prospective students would react if they saw or knew of condom dispensers on campus" (Cooper 2006, p.2). According to one college that declined to install such vending machines, health was not cited as the main issue, rather: "The university's number-one concern is recruitment and retention…There is a proportion of people out there who will view these machines negatively, and the administration has taken that into account" (Wexler 2008)

However, it could be argued in response that far from sending the wrong message to students, installing these dispensers sends the right message -- that the administration expects students to behave like adults, and that it promotes safe sex. Additionally, some students may feel embarrassment about purchasing condoms in drugstores. While it could be argued that this is a juvenile sensation, surely it is better to install the dispensers where condoms can be purchased in private, than it is for students to engage in unsafe sex. "Dispensers would also allow students to obtain condoms anonymously, therefore eliminating the embarrassment of asking another person" (Cooper 2006, p.2). Regarding parent disapproval -- surely the health of the students should come before any desire to craft a particular 'image' for visitors. Additionally, as a community college, many students pay for their own tuition and work to fund their studies. This makes them even more mature as adults in terms of their autonomous decision-making power. A college that wants students to behave like responsible adults should treat the students like adults, especially if they are working and paying their tuition like adults.

Another argument against the vending machines is that students will not use the condoms in the machines, making it an unnecessary waste of money. However, convenience does promote positive as well as negative health behaviors. Just as the availability of healthy foods can encourage better eating habits, so can the ease of obtaining birth… [read more]

Full Faith and Credit State Recognition of Homosexual Marriages Thesis

… Constitutional Law

Full Faith and Credit: State Recognition of Homosexual Marriages

When dealing with the already controversial realm of gay rights, there is no area more controversial than gay marriage. For some, the idea that homosexual couples should have the… [read more]

Art of Film Animation Research Proposal

… Animation

South Park: Imaginationland

South Park's "Imaginationland" trilogy is an ambitious project with a rich and well-crafted plot. Its bawdy humor belies the cleverness of the film, which is one of the most remarkable aspects of the "Imaginationland" trilogy. All the elements familiar to South Park are present including Cartman's over-the-top egomaniacal tyrannical homoerotic ranting. However, "Imaginationland" is more than just another South Park episode. The three-part series includes social and political commentary and touches upon metaphysical issues as well.

And encounter with a leprechaun eventually takes the boys to a parallel universe where human thoughts, powered by emotions and creative drive, are made manifest. The people are therefore portrayed as the creators of "Imaginationland." All sorts of characters are present in Imaginationland: from cereal box icons like Count Chocula to Ronald McDonald and the Smurfs. Just when I was starting to wonder where all the demons of our imagination are, the central conflict of the story emerged. Terrorists are attacking via the imagination. Their tactics are to break down the Barrier: the wall between the negative and the positive imagery.

The message of the film is that we feed our fears as well as our hopes. What we give power to becomes our reality. Imaginationland is itself a shared dream, a collective state of consciousness in which all human beings can work together to either benefit or destroy the world. The creators of South Park color such a meaty message with their characteristic toilet humor. Thus, "Imaginationland" comes across as being light even though the underlying message is heavy. The film is also directed extremely well: with lots of cuts and slow motion action sequences as well as allusions to popular culture and filmmaking techniques.

2. Drawn Together: Hot Tub episode

The pilot episode of "Drawn Together" introduces the characters of the show as well as its tone, theme, and style of humor. The basic premise of Drawn Together is a reality show for animated characters. The cast of characters lives in a giant mansion together with "a million" cameras on them at all times. They speak into the camera in the private room just like on real-life reality shows. Moreover, the interpersonal conflicts and melodrama is also integral to the show. The concept of Drawn Together allows for a great deal of irony, as the animated characters are aware they are animated and what their being animated makes them capable of doing.

One of the most striking features of the "Hot Tub" episode is how Drawn Together bases its humor on stereotypes and norms. The show milks stereotypes and social norms for jokes by creating the most offensive material possible. For example, the Princess… [read more]

Gay Rights the Contemporaneous Society Strives Thesis

… Gay Rights

The contemporaneous society strives to be modern in all senses of the word. We develop and use the latest technologies to improve the quality of life; we expand our horizons beyond territorial and spatial boundaries and we strive… [read more]

Cognitive Behaviorism Essay

… Behaviorism -- Advice columns

With the objective of analyzing several advice columns using the framework of consensus, consistency, and distinctiveness of the person's reactions, allow me to make some conceptual clarifications. Consensus, in this paper, refers to the "decision making… [read more]

Interest Groups Research Proposal

… Interest Groups

Catholics for Choice (

This is a pro-choice group comprised of members of the Catholic religion. Members not only believe in choice, or a right to abortion, but the also for sex education that does not include abstinence only, and the distribution of condoms and other forms of contraception. The site offers visitors an action center where they can get involved in the issue. Visitors can sign up to get "action alerts" when there is something that they could be doing to further the cause. The activities that this group is most involved in are writing and petitioning activities. Members write letters to the pope, send letters to the editor, and spreading the word through writing. They also produce a magazine. This group seems rather professional, as the site features a variety of graphics, has working links, and is copyedited. The organization asks for financial support, but in a very unobtrusive way. Interested persons are asked to call the Washington D.C. phone number, where the group is located, for information about donations.

Pro-Life Alliance of Gays and Lesbians (PLAGAL) (

This is a pro-life organization for homosexuals. Their mission is to "promote a respect for life within the gay community and encourage gay and lesbian participation in the pro-life cause" (PLAGAL). The site gives visitors a chance to get involved by offering a place to respond to the group with contact information. This group is… [read more]

Political Aspects of Gay Marriage Thesis

… Political Aspects of Gay Marriage in the United States

Gay marriage is a contentious subject in the United States and there has been much in the way of debate in relation to whether gay marriages should be acknowledged as such or if they should remain simply 'civil unions' from the legal perspective. This present study seeks to answer the questions of: (1) what is the status of the rights of gays to marry in the U.S.; 92) what is the status of gay marriage in the state of California?; and (3) what are the specific rights and benefits of gays to marry in the U.S.


The work of Mello (2004) entitled: "Legalizing Gay Marriage" relates that the state of Vermont was the first of all U.S. states to institute gay civil unions. The work of Stritof and Stritof (2009) entitled: "Same Sex Marriage License Laws" reports the status quo of same sex marriage license laws in the fifty U.S. states and it is related that same sex marriage is banned in the majority of U.S. states although some U.S. states allow gay couples to enter into a 'civil union' which is similar to marriage but is the legal institution that has been appointed for gay couples who want to legally bind themselves to one another. The UC Berkeley Institute of Governmental Studies work entitled: "Same-Sex Marriage in California" states that the view that "marriage is a legally recognized union of one man and one woman" is a view that is "deeply embedded in moral and religious beliefs..." In the United States. In 1996 Congress denied federal recognition to same-sex marriages in the "Defense of Marriage Act" and 37 states followed in passing their own versions of this act.


The California legislature defined marriage in 1977 as the "legal tie between a man and a woman." (UC Berkeley, 2008) Specifically stated is: "Marriage is a personal relation arising out of a civil contract between a man and a woman, to which the consent of the parties capable of making that contract is necessary." (Family Code Sec. 300) While same sex marriage was allowed for a period of time in the state of… [read more]

Same-Sex Marriage in Canada Research Paper

… Same-Sex Marriage in Canada

Same-sex marriage has been a controversial issue in most places where it has been raised. The issue was recently addressed in a California election with Proposition 8 intended to prohibit same-sex marriage, and the proposition passed… [read more]

Teen Sex and Pregnancy Thesis

… ¶ … teen sex and pregnancy, including how many lives it affects, how each year it becomes more of a concern especially with the debate on abortion/birth control, and how it affects society. Teen sex is an ever present problem… [read more]

Fugitive Knowledge Thesis

… Fugitive Knowledge

Universal Applicability

It is a fact of history that most knowledge is passed on by the majority. What is written in history books and the great works of the time usually reflects the views of society. This is what R. Hill discusses in essay, "Learning to transgress: A socio-historical conspectus." Hill contends that the gay and lesbian community has historically been left out of the communication of traditional knowledge, although this community has made significant contributions to the body of knowledge throughout history. Just because the community was not given appropriate opportunity for participation and exposure by most of society, however, does no mean that the gay and lesbian community did not have a chance to meet, discuss, and create knowledge of their own. Hill calls this knowledge fugitive knowledge, and an understanding of it is importance is integral to both education and history. By examining a definition of fugitive knowledge, in addition to discussing its importance, one can understand why the issue is so integral to many disciplines.

According to Hill, fugitive knowledge can be defined as knowledge "constructed outside of the dominant social discourse [that], therefore, escapes the control of privileged spectators" (1). As an example, Hill argues that "knowledge produced by gay and lesbian people in selected periods of our history" is fugitive knowledge. In addition to simply passing knowledge between one another in selected communities, Hill contends that gay men and lesbians created a type of education. This education consisted of teaching adults to transgress, or act in opposition to the primary views of society, in addition to the passing of this knowledge between one another in networks. Furthermore, Hill found that these networks were rather organized and extensive. Although, they had created their own society of normalcy, however, these networks still faced… [read more]

Indonesia Riots 1997 Research Proposal

… Indonesian Riots of 1997: Like a phoenix, a living spirit and hope arises from the ashes

Once, I was innocent. Before the riots, I never knew anything but kindness, a sense of brotherhood, and a desire for peace. Then my world was suddenly and abruptly shattered in 1997, the year in which my nation of Indonesia was gripped with a series of seismic shocks, deadly riots that temporarily destroyed my belief in human good.

I had never contemplated the potential for such brutality and violence within the human soul. For the first time I saw the ability of people to hate one another for no reason. I saw people take advantage of the politically unstable political situation, gleefully ransacking the city, forgetting even why they were rioting in the first place, and simply delighting in getting lost in the madness of the crowds. The riots left a scar upon my heart that has never entirely healed.

But out of the ashes and hurt, I try to draw strength and insight. I have tried to make the memories of the riots a positive motivating force in… [read more]

John Leonard's 'A Man of the World Essay

… John Leonard's 'A Man of the World' and 'A Clean, Well-Light Place'

Hemingway's Unified View of Old Age

In his article, "A Man of the World' and 'A Clean, Well-Light Place': Hemingway's Unified View of Old Age," John Leonard follows a tradition of mining Hemingway's companion pieces as a tool for finding the author's true beliefs (62). There are " a large number of elements common to both stories" that Leonard discusses (62). Despite the long stretch of years between the publication of the two stories, Leonard argues that they represent a consistent view of Hemingway towards age (62).

Age, specifically conflict pitting old against young, is central to both stories (63). This is emphasized even more in "A Man of the world" ("Man" hereafter) by Tom, the first-person narrator's, repeated comments on Blindy's age (63). Despite previous contentions, Leonard believes that the older character in "Man" all have a need to communicate with the young stranger: "Each older subject has a restless need to initiate youth" (63).

As age is a more obvious theme in "Man," so light is more obvious in "A Clean, Well-Lighted Place" (Clean hereafter). Here, darkness is comforting and light repellant to the old waiter (64). In "Man," to, light plays an important role -- most plot points involve a contrast between light and dark, such as Blindy's fight taking place in the light from two doorways (64). Blindy's constant darkness might actually be seen as a kind of insight or vision; he knows his life and accepts it for what it is (64). As Leonard puts it, "His is a very limited life but one that is admirably functional" (64). Despite the lack of light -- caused by blindness -- Blindy behaves largely as if he can still see, denying the dark (64).

Other worries related to old age, such as sex and money, also appear in both stories (64-5). Though the old man in "Clean" has money, both he and Blindy -- who does not -- are incredibly careful with their funds (64-5). The old man in clean, despite being drunk, carefully counts the amount he has had to drink, the amount he therefore owes, and even… [read more]

Band Played on Directed by Roger Spottiswoode Research Proposal

… ¶ … Band Played on directed by Roger Spottiswoode. Specifically it will discuss the film's relevance to the healthcare industry, and the emergence of new, unknown diseases. "And the Band Played on" is a moving drama about the emergence of… [read more]

Civil Unions and Benefits for Same Sex Couples Thesis

… Civil Unions and Benefits for Same Sex Couples

Gay individuals in this country have recently begun fighting in earnest for the right to legally be bound to one another. Some states allow them to have civil unions, but they are… [read more]

Trojan Condoms it Seems Rather Odd Thesis

… Trojan Condoms

It seems rather odd that a company would name their condoms 'Trojan,' considering that most people think of Troy and the deception that occurred there. However, that does not seem to be of any consequence to the people… [read more]

Prostitution From the Beginning of Time Man Thesis

… Prostitution

From the beginning of time man has searched for means of exploiting roughly all that he could find through more than one way. Since some people, didn't own much and thus they didn't have much to exploit, they turned… [read more]

Gays in the Military Research Proposal

… Gays in the Military

Revisiting "Don't Ask, Don't Tell"

To analyze the impact of the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy on homosexuals in the military and consider policy alternatives.

It is widely accepted that Don't Ask Don't Tell has failed… [read more]

Should Prostitution Be Regulated Decriminalized Term Paper

… Sociology

The Dilemma of Prostitution:

Criminal Conduct or Consensual Act?

Vast resources are expended in the fight against prostitution and other "vices." Politicians and moralists rail against the pernicious effects of these transgressions. Police arrest streetwalkers and launch sting operations… [read more]

Man Has Evolved, From Times Immemorial Term Paper

… Man has evolved, from times immemorial, because of certain instinctual traits. Each of these is to ensure the survival and spread of the species. The need to eat and find shelter is instinctual. That is necessary for survival. The need… [read more]

Violence on a College Campus Term Paper

… Violence - Violence on Campus

In many cases, when the topic of violence on college campuses is raised, what comes to mind are the examples involving premeditated attacks with firearms or mass casualties, such as the 2007 Virginia Tech massacre.… [read more]

Cilvil Rights Term Paper

… ¶ … gay/lesbian rights and how gays are treated like second-class citizens in this country. Gays and lesbians face social stigma and bigotry, and face many of the same civil rights issues that blacks faced four decades ago in our… [read more]

Thinking Through Queer Forms and Politics on the Film v. For Vendetta Term Paper

… Film Analysis: V for Vendetta

The 2005 motion picture V for Vendetta, directed by James McTeigue, is a melding of histories, the past, circa 17th century, the "gun powder treason," rebellion featuring a single man against the government who was… [read more]

Anna Quindlen's Evan's Two Moms Term Paper

… Family and Marriage

Evan's Two Moms

The author's evidence for writing "Evan's Two Moms" seems to be her own understanding of the gay community and the problems they face in everyday life, in everything from sharing their commitment to adopting children and simply living life. Quindlen does not state she is gay, but it seems from the article that she may be, or she at least sympathizes with gay and lesbian couples who suffer all kinds of indignities because they cannot legally marry. She uses her evidence throughout the article to show how society treats gay and lesbian couples differently, and she cites evidence in a variety of areas. For example, she writes, "In Madison, Wis., a couple who applied at the Y with their kids for a family membership were turned down because both were women. it's one of those small things that can make you feel small" (Quindlen). Society does not approve of gay unions, and so, there are many barriers, both large and small, to gay and lesbian couples, and she uses this evidence quite effectively to indicate that things most people simply take for granted are things that can affect the gay and lesbian couple, and often they affect them quite dramatically.

She seems to be writing for a straight audience, because gays and lesbians would already be aware of these problems, and probably would not want to read about them, because it would make them feel as if they were experiencing their own problems all over again. In fact, this article seems to be written to get more people to understand the problems gays and lesbians face everyday, and to do something to put a stop to it. Her arguments are a bit emotional, even though they are well written and thought out, and they are provoking, hoping to create a reaction in the reader so that they identify with gays and lesbians and help them get over some of the difficulties they face in society.

A find the author's evidence and persona quite persuasive. It is quite clear she understands the issues and identifies with them, and finds the problems gays and lesbians face are simply inexcusable in our society. Her… [read more]

Laramie Project Term Paper

… Laramie Project: Small Town Violence Run Amuck

Although homophobia is present within many facets of American society, "The Laramie Project" by Moises Kaufman specifically makes a claim that the small town mentality and morality of the Wyoming town of Laramie created the conditions that gave rise to the hate crime that took the life of the young college senior Matthew Shepard. The play accomplishes this by showing how gay life is kept under wraps in the small town where Matthew is a college student. It shows the overpowering influence of narrow-minded fundamentalist religious values in the area, particularly in the lives of Matthew's attackers. It also depicts how the facade of friendless of the town's characters conceals xenophobia, hatred, and resentment of the college students of the University of Wyoming.

While the drama of the Laramie Project could theoretically occur anywhere, because the play is based upon real events, it is also intent upon showing how the culture of Laramie, Wyoming boasted a particularly noxious mix of intolerance and denial that propelled the tragic sequence of events that resulted in the fatal beating of Matthew Shepard. Early on in the play, the audience is shown how difficult it is to be gay and living in Laramie, Wyoming. For Matthew and other gay students to find any semblance of a social life, they must travel far away from the safe confines of the campus.

The townspeople feel, in retrospect, unfairly blamed for the fact that Laramie became notorious in the media for the hate crime. In the words of one of the less aware residents, the town seems defined by an "accident" rather than by its true character. But the fact that a brutal beating is seen as accidental, rather than something real and deliberate, demonstrates the mindset of a town where gay people are ignored at best, and brutalized at worst. A university professor who is gay must conceal her identity in silence; a theater student's parents will not even see his performance in a gay-themed play, because the issue makes them so uncomfortable.

The morality that is prioritized in Laramie is that of a narrow-minded religiosity, rather than openness or tolerance. One of the perpetrators is a supposedly devout Mormon, and Matthew's funeral is disrupted by someone who chants that "God" hates "fags." Matthew's death is shown to be martyrdom, an irony that is imperceptible to the supposedly faithful perpetrators of the crime. The vigil that convenes in hope while Matthew is struggling for life in the hospital is perhaps the only positive example of religious imagery in the play, although of course the hopes and prayers of those who want Matthew to survive are dashed on stage, as they were in life.

But perhaps the most shocking aspect… [read more]

Disease the Person's Disease- Casey Term Paper

… Disease

The person's disease-

Casey" is a 25-year-old Canadian female was diagnosed with the sexually transmitted disease Chlamydia. Chlamydia as defined by the (Center for Disease Control [CDC], 2006) site states that Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD)… [read more]

Against the Legalization of Prostitution in the US Term Paper

… ¶ … Against the Legalization of Prostitution ecdriesbaugh

Against Legalization of Prostitution in the U.S.

Many images come to mind when we think of prostitutes. We think of crack whores, Wild West brothels, high-class escorts, and Julia Roberts in the… [read more]

Power and Role in Government Term Paper

… Federalism

Conservative and Liberal Views of Federalism

When many people hear the noun "federalist," they naturally think of the issue of states rights, and, as a result of the nature of state and federal legal disputes in the build-up to the Civil War, they come to the conclusion that federalists are conservative person. In fact, the pro-state-rights stance of federalism has largely been co-opted by conservatives, who believe that judicial activism, or any of the other traditional hallmarks of an over-powerful central government, threatens individual liberty. For example, the Federalist Society for Law and Public Policy Studies, which is a conservative organization, calls itself a federalist organization, and promotes "reordering priorities within the legal system to place a premium on individual liberty, traditional values, and the rule of law." (the Federalist Society). However, this definition perverts the nature of federalism, which was designed to allow individuals of different temperaments to find the smaller province of their likely (states), while still living under the protections of a larger political body (nation), which guarantees certain personal and political freedoms. There are two aspects to federalism, both of which are essential for the proper functioning of a federalist society. In fact, almost every major socio-political issue from the last century and a half owes its resolution to the concept of federalism. By understanding how federalism has impacted two major social issues, one can then understand how important the federal and state governments are to the concept of federalism.

For example, the issue of abortion is one that divides liberals and conservatives. Liberals have found that federalism, which promotes the idea of a federal government that protects individual liberties, has been helpful for the pro-choice movement. Individual states had individual laws regarding access to abortion; the practical effect of those laws was that women in some states had no access to abortion. However, the Supreme Court determined that reproductive freedom was an essential element of personal liberty, and that, as a result, women should have access to abortions. This aspect of federalism protected an individual right, which was threatened by the local ideals and mores of individual states. As a result, this part of federalism protected the individual as a citizen of the United States, and ensured that a state could not impinge upon a person's constitutional liberties and freedoms. The role of federalism… [read more]

Freud's Perspective Term Paper

… Freud

Doris Lessing's "Through the Tunnel" is a coming-of-age story filled with sexual imagery and symbolism. An eleven-year-old boy is on vacation with his mother. Each day they go to the beach together but one day the boy wants to explore the rocky cliffs at the beach below. Eager to be friends with a group of older local boys, Jerry tries to impress them with his strong swimming skills. However, the boys outdo him by swimming through an underwater tunnel. Feeling socially stigmatized drives Jerry to practice holding his breath so he can swim through the tunnel too. Although he is unaware of his budding masculinity, Jerry is straddled between two worlds. One offers the safety and comfort of being mothered; the other offers the thrilling risks posed by independence and sexual exploration.

Freud's theories of psycho-sexual development and of the development of the ego can shed light on some of Lessing's imagery. The id explains Jerry's impulses: his desire to fit in with the boys; his desire to swim through the tunnel; and his desire to be home and safe too. Jerry's superego is not entirely developed. Instead, his mother represents the superego in Lessing's story. She is concerned about being too overprotective as Jerry gets older. She consciously makes an attempt to offer Jerry as much freedom as possible while at the same time showing maternal concern.

Jerry's ego development is a core theme of "Through the Tunnel." He reconciles his awareness of peer group norms with his need for safety. When Jerry swims, his ego keeps his id in check via common sense and the mature development of patience. Jerry's self-discipline is one example of how he succeeds in balancing the conflicting needs of his id and superego. However, his ego is also what creates the anxiety that Jerry feels and prompts him to idealize the group of… [read more]

TCM Gynecology Term Paper

… TCM Gyn

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) offers a wholly different perspective on the human body than the allopathic Western model. Correspondingly, gynecology in TCM differs theoretically from its Western counterpart. Gynecology in TCM is based on core principles including the five organs (liver, spleen, kidney, heart, lungs) and secondary organs (such as gall bladder and stomach). The relationship between the organs can determine states of health. Health is often described in terms of harmony; disease in terms of disharmony. Many gynecological problems are linked specifically to stomach-spleen disharmony (p. 5). Moreover, discomfort may be due to stagnant chi. Stimulating the movement of chi is essential for healing a variety of gynecological disorders. Herbs and acupuncture are key methods used in stimulating the circulation of chi and restoring harmony within and between the organs.

A woman's menstrual cycle may be closely linked with the kidneys, more than any other organ (p. 6). The seminal treatise linking menstrual disorders with the kidneys was a 17th century text Fu Qing Zhu's Gynecology. According to Fu Qing Zhu, menstrual blood originates from kidney-essence and is substantially different from the blood circulated by the heart. Other TCM theorists link menstrual flow more to spleen and kidney chi (p. 6). Menstruation problems including amenorrhoea or excessive bleeding are treated differently, depending on which organs or systems are suspected to be imbalanced. Tonic herbs and therapeutic herbs are frequently prescribed by doctors of TCM regardless of their theoretical background. Mingling TCM with Western medicine means introducing herbs and acupuncture into modern hospitals.

Women are inextricably linked to the Blood essence (p. 7). The behavior of the Blood will determine most gynecological health issues including menstruation, pregnancy, gestation, childbirth, and uterine problems. As primarily yin creatures, women are thus linked closely to fluids. Men, on the other hand, are linked to yang and the storing up of chi in their reproductive essence. The behaviors of yin and yang internally vs. externally explain the nature of conception (p. 7).

TCM offers a far more detailed and almost esoteric analysis of the female menstrual cycle than Western medicine does. However, many of the conclusions drawn by TCM researchers match those of Western researchers. The menstrual cycle is, for instance, divided into phases. The menstrual phase (lasting about five days) corresponds to the most noticeable flow of the Blood, assisted by strong liver chi (p. 9). Western medicine explains each phase of the menstrual cycle in terms of the hormonal fluctuations taking place. The second phase of the menstrual cycle connotes depletion in the TCM sense: the time after which the Blood has flowed away from the body and most channels are depleted. Following the depletion, the woman's Blood essence fills up once again during the… [read more]

Heteronormativity and Media Term Paper

… Heteronormativity and Media

Heteronormativity refers to the notion that heterosexuality is the social norm in society and that various elements and institutions in our culture benefit from perpetuating that situation. In most of the United States, there is a very narrow definition of what is generally considered "normal" in many respects. As pertains to sexual orientation in particular, heterosexuality is the norm, and deviation from it are considered "shameful," morally wrong," "perverted," and profoundly "abnormal" except in a few pockets of the more socially liberal communities in the Northeast and the West Coast.

Admittedly, understanding of homosexuality improved dramatically in the last half of the 20th century, but as with other aspects of civil rights and tolerance of diversity, there still remains tremendous room for improvement. Practically every step made by the gay community in pursuit of equal rights is immediately opposed by socially conservative groups lobbying against it. Homosexuality is specifically prohibited by the religious beliefs that prevail in American society.

A handful of states have demonstrated the understanding that homosexuality is rarely a volitional choice, and that either way, it is not inherently any more wrong, in moral principle, from heterosexuality. Nevertheless, it still carries a negative social stigma; in fact, some of the very laws favorable to gay rights illustrate the point by their mere necessity. That point was the central theme of a classic 1993 Seinfeld Episode

57) "The Outing."

That episode was sociologically relevant on two distinct levels: (1) heteronormativity provided the plotline premise of social embarrassment connected to alternate sexual orientation, (2) sufficient social tensions about the acceptance of alternate sexual identities existed that, from what was widely reported at the time, the actual dialog in the show that aired incorporated the substance of high-level network executive decisions against running it without disclaiming any insult to the gay community. In retrospect, the insertion of some form of a phrase synonymous with "there is nothing wrong with being gay" throughout the episode, every time the characters expressed their embarrassment at being erroneously perceived as being gay became the funniest joke of the show. On one hand, being considered gay is universally recognized within American culture as embarrassing that it works as a natural premise for comedy without the need to explain the reason for that reaction; on the other hand; a broadcast comedic reference to that topic is deemed too "controversial" for public airwaves without disclaiming any of the assumptions or cultural bias that define "normal" and "abnormal" sexual orientation in the first place.… [read more]

Brokeback Mountain the Western Term Paper

… ¶ … Brokeback Mountain

The Western "Brokeback Mountain" takes the traditional masculine cinematic setting of the American West and transforms it into a love story -- between two male cowboys. According to Stephen Holden's 2005 review in the New York Times, "Brokeback Mountain" is "the first Hollywood movie to unmask the homoerotic strain in American culture [of] an unconscious romantic attachment shared by two they flee the more constraining and civilizing domain of women" (Holden 2006). Director Ang Lee specifically chooses the American West as a place that is usually depicted as absent of women, or as hostile to femininity, and uses the trope of the hyper-masculine cowboy to explain the two men's attraction. The central characters of Jake and Ennis are ranch hands that almost accidentally fall into a sexual alliance on a cold, desolate night. At times their lovemaking is "indistinguishable from fighting," because they have been brought up to disdain tender shows of affection (Holden, 2006). The violence allows the director to sustain the masculine atmosphere of a Western, while adding to the genre by making love, rather than violence between men, the focus of the plot.

Another facet of many Westerns is the idea of the hero as a strong 'silent' type who cannot reveal his emotions. Of the two cowboys, Ennis is so quiet he barely speaks during the first part of… [read more]

Tourism One of the Most Significant Developments Term Paper

… Tourism

One of the most significant developments in the travel industry, particularly as it applies to hotel management and marketing, is the recent trend aimed at attracting gay and lesbian clients. This trend developed as marketing research showed that gay and lesbian people are more likely to travel, and have more disposable income to spend when traveling, than the general population does. Thus, this group of individuals, who for decades was regarded as a niche travel population that only gay or lesbian-only travel marketing niche catered to, is now a mainstream market within the travel industry as a whole.

This paper will focus on the effect the gay and lesbian population has had on hotel management and marketing. By reviewing and analyzing various articles and reports on this topic, this paper will demonstrate why the gay and lesbian population is a heavily marketed group within the travel industry. Likewise, this paper will review why a hotel manager should market to the gay and lesbian traveling population. Finally, the paper will also touch briefly on how effective marketing to this population can occur.

II. What Gay and Lesbian Travelers Want in a Hotel

In a study conducted by the Journal of Travel Research regarding the general experiences of the gay and lesbian population with hotels, an insight was gained as to how this population chooses a particular hotel to stay at when traveling. This information is important as it allows hotels to better market to these needs. (Poria, 2006).

According to the results, the main determining factor in a gay or lesbian's choice of a hotel is whether or not the hotel had (in the past) or had a reputation for making them or other gays and lesbians feel accepted and welcome when their sexual orientation is known. To state this differently, gay and lesbian travelers have a high expectation for being treated in the same manner as heterosexuals when using a hotel and its services. Further, this expectation should not be dependent on them keeping their sexual orientation hidden. (Poria, 2006).

The information gained from the Poria article is of relevance to the travel industry, as its findings will benefit a hotel's ability to shape its service provisions and delivery to attract and meet the needs of the lesbian and gay population. Further, marketing this positive reputation will be one of the most effective ways of attracting the gay and lesbian population. (Poria, 2006).

III. Why Market to Gay and Lesbian Travelers?

In an article by Robyn Taylor Parets entitled "Marketing to Gay Community Can Pay Dividends to Hotels, she states, "marketing to the gay and lesbian community is a priority for many hoteliers." Parets continues by explaining that by "positioning their brands within the gay and lesbian market can lead to big business." (Parets, 2005).

What Parets means by "big business" is that the gay and lesbian population has accounted for over ten percent of all United… [read more]

Tourism Industry Term Paper

… Tourism

Poria, Yaniv. "Assessing Gay Men and Lesbian Women's Hotel Experiences: An Exploratory Study of Sexual Orientation in the Travel Industry." Journal of Travel Research, Vol 44, No. 3, 327-334 (2006).

This study was intended to gain a better insight… [read more]

Bernard Asbell Term Paper

… Wood

The Pill: Part 1"

In 1951, birth control advocate and feminist Margaret Sanger, along with a philanthropist named Katherine McCormick, proposed the conception (no pun intended) of a birth control pill. Through careful experimentation and human trials, by 1954, the experimental pill was shown to be effective. In a controlled experiment, not a single woman ovulated after taking a pill with human progesterone.

The birth control pill changed the world. It enabled men and women to have sex without worrying about pregnancy, and many people believe it spawned the sexual revolution of the 1960s and 1970s. However, the scientists working on the pill had no idea of the scale of the changes that their work would create in human society. The invention of the pill is testimony to the fact that science can have a tremendous impact on the way that human beings live. Margaret Sanger may have had some inkling, as she worked for most… [read more]

Social and Political Effects of Birth Control in England Term Paper

… Social and Political Effects of Birth Control in England

In England, there have been changes in the laws that govern birth control, just as there have been in many countries. In the early part of the 20th century family planning… [read more]

Art Statues Term Paper


In both of these versions, one in marble and the other in bronze,
reflect Rodin's mastery of dramatic gesture, especially through the
placement of the hands of the male figure, one lying gently against the
foundation stone behind the woman and the other tenderly caressing her hip.
Of course, the figures are nude and the kiss itself symbolizes the joining
of two human beings in sexual pleasure and intimacy. Intended to be only
one of a number of groups composing the never-finished Gates of Hell
series, Rodin's marble representation of The Kiss (1886-1898, over life-
size) the figures of the two tightly- embraced lovers have been modeled to
a smoothness that suggests the supple and soft surfaces and texture of
living flesh. This is most evident in the smoothness of the legs, the arms
and the torsos of the two lovers. One can also see the rippling of the
flesh as if it was real… [read more]

Culture Conflict Over Gay Marriages Term Paper

… Gay Marriage and Culture War

We live in a time of constant evolution, diversification and ever-changing norms where things that were once incomprehensible are now an ordinary aspect of everyday life. To each end of our society there exists those who have adapted and accepted the differentiation of 'free-will,' and those who still clash dramatically with their perception of improper or unacceptable expression.

The gay/lesbian movement in our country has been halted by many a blockade, which has slowed the overarching determinations for an equality paralleled to heterosexual considerations. The boiling water over this issue in our country is the direct result of the fire ignited through cultural dissimilarity to the extent of strong moral perception. The opposition and clash of these people and our society is our so called "Culture War."

The United States is listed as one of the top 10 largest national Christian populations in the world, marked at nearly 85% of the entire country (Krantz, L., McCormick, J., 1999). The Christian community is the strongest opposition to gay and lesbian rights and the gay movement altogether. Christianity is based upon strong moral and ethical fiber with deep belief in what is considered by the Catholic Christians as the Holy Family - Christ, the Mother Mary and the Father Joseph. The belief in the family unit consistent with this 'model' family is extremely important under the Christian faith. Thus, the concepts of gay marriage and other gay rights strictly counter these values of life.

An underlying factor within the rights sought by gays and lesbians is the right to have and raise children. This agenda is one of the most motivating details within the gay movement for Christians. The belief that a child deserves a mother and a father is the foundation of much of Christian argument (Bidstrup, 2004). In rebuttal, the gay movement… [read more]

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