Study "Sports / Exercise / Fitness" Essays 771-818

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Huge Judgement for Hulk Hogan Essay

… Bollea v. Gawker Media LLC

The case that is presented in the form of Terry Bollea vs. Gawker Media LLC has led to some intriguing legal lessons and questions. The case centers on a video that was recorded without the… [read more]


Different Levels of Law Enforcement Essay

… Law Enforcement

The three levels of law enforcement in the United States are local, state and federal. There are some distinct differences between these different levels of law enforcement. In terms of jurisdiction, local law enforcement typically has these defined by geography. A local law enforcement agency works within whatever city or town is paying for it, and has sole local law enforcement authority within that area. A county sheriff would also be considered at the local level of government, and would other local police like campus police forces, or transit forces (GoLawEnforcement.com, 2015).

Law enforcement at the state and federal levels is more complicated. State law enforcement is geographically limited by their state, but federal law enforcement, such as the FBI, does not have such geographic boundaries. Where these types differ tends to be with what laws they enforce. The difference between state and local law enforcement is usually a matter of what legal code is being enforced -- either the city code or the state's code. For the most part, state law enforcement is focused on state-wide assets like highways, and enforces codes specific to those assets or areas.

There are greater differences with federal law enforcement. At the federal level, crimes are examined that cross state borders. At that point, the FBI or other state agency is brought in to work on things like coordinating the information and expertise of the different local and state agencies that have to that point been working on their cases independently. Thus, federal law enforcement can take over a case, and would do so when there are multiple local law enforcement agencies working on a case with a defined link, like a serial killer case that spans multiple jurisdictions.

These different agencies will all have different authoritative powers as well. Federal…… [read more]


Using a Plea Deal Term Paper

… ¶ … Plea or Not to Plea?

The Necessary Evil in the Current Criminal Justice System

Robert Bianchi from the Morris County Prosecutors office makes the claim "why not?" when asked about offering plea agreements. Prosecutors generally have limited resources and they must decide how to make the best use of these resources to serve the community and uphold their objectives. In many of the lower level cases, prosecutors can generally predict what the outcome of a case would be within a given range based on the facts of the case, their knowledge of the local court system, and the basic circumstances related to the accused individuals. Therefore, prosecutors can expedite the legal process significantly by entering into a plea deal and not taking the charges to an actual trial. In a legal system that is largely overburdened on many fronts, this can definitely be a necessary evil for a prosecutor's office in regards to managing their human and financial resources.

Plea deals often carry other advantages such as the ability to minimize the risk associated with taking the case in front of a jury. Sometimes juries can be somewhat unpredictable and the trials might not always go the way that the prosecutor had planned. Although typically the plea deal offers some form of reduced sentencing to the accused, it also guarantees that they serve some form of punishment rather than potentially letting a guilty person go free if the jury does not find in their favor. Therefore, the plea deal does not only offer the prosecutor the ability to save time, but it also takes and risk out of the equation relative to trying the case.

Another advantage to the plea bargaining process for prosecutors is that they have a considerable amount of flexibility in negotiating deals. For example, if they know that the evidence against the accused…… [read more]


Criminal Defense Profession Term Paper

… Prosecute or Defend: Criminal Prosecutors and Criminal Defense Attorneys

In the adversarial court system, attorneys at law in criminal proceedings assume either of two distinctly different roles, that of criminal prosecutor or criminal defense attorney. My personal choice would be to choose the criminal defense attorney role given the paucity of qualified criminal defense attorneys in the court system today. This lack of adequate defense representation has translated into disparate sentencing of minorities and other socioeconomically disadvantaged citizens that remains a major problem for the criminal justice system. In support of this decision, this paper reviews the literature to provide an overview of the criminal defense profession, the responsibilities of this profession and typical working arrangements. Finally, a discussion concerning the rewards of this profession is followed by an assessment of some of the difficulties that are associated with the criminal defense profession.

What is someone in this profession responsible for?

The concise definition of defense attorney provided by Black's Law Dictionary (1991) states that this profession is responsible for "filing appearance in behalf of defendant and representing such in . . . criminal case" (p. 420). Unstated in this definition, though, is the obligation for defense attorneys to be zealous in their defense of their clients (Weir, 2006) and abide by any professional code of conduct in place, including that promulgated by the American Bar Association (Mann, 2010).

Who would you be working for?

Public defense attorneys work for the government and are paid from funds from the jurisdiction in which they practice while private defense attorneys work for and are paid directly by their clients (Mann, 2010). It is also important to note that conditions vary from state to state and even within different jurisdictions within states concerning the working arrangements for public defenders. In…… [read more]


Case of an Mbta Police Officer in a Civil and Criminal Incident Term Paper

… Civil and Criminal Cases for Jennifer Amyot-Garvey, Former Police Officer for the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority

In 2014, Jennifer Amyot-Garvey was working as a police officer for the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) when she was first sued in civil court for beating and pepper-spraying Mary C. Holmes, an MTBA passenger and subsequently charged in a criminal lawsuit for assault and battery with a dangerous weapon, assault and battery, civil rights violations with injury, and two counts of filing a false report by a public employee (Ellement, 2016). To determine the facts in this case, this paper provides a discussion concerning the criminal charges as well as the contested dispute in the civil case, details concerning the incident the resulted in the lawsuits, a discussion concerning the order of the trials and why this was important, and an explanation and opinion concerning the outcome of both trials. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings about this civil and criminal lawsuit are provided in the conclusion.

Discussion of the criminal charges as well as the contested dispute in the civil case

With the support of the American Civil Liberties Union of Massachusetts, a civil suit was filed in 2015 by the plaintiff, Mary C. Holmes, who alleges that the defendant, Jennifer Amyot-Garvey acting in her capacity as an MTBA police officer, beat and pepper-sprayed her at Dudley Station on March 26, 2014 in an effort to make her stop yelling at another woman (Ellement, 2016). The defendant and the MBTA countered that the defendant was following established use-of-force protocols for dealing with these types of situations and the matter should never have been elevated to a criminal case. The defendant's attorney noted that the MBTA had reviewed the incident and cleared the defendant of all wrongdoing. In this regard, Ellement reports that Amyot-Garvey's defense attorney emphasized that, "This isn't a criminal…… [read more]


Laws for Mortgages Chapter

… Litigation and Buying Houses

The Caplans' claim is both logical and legal. They are correct for refusing to accept the house that Faithful Construction, Inc. created, for the simple fact that the latter did not honor the contract into which the pair entered. Moreover, their point of contention with Faithful Construction is far from a minor one. Prior to denoting the magnitude of the error that Faithful Construction made, it is first prudent to understand the contractual obligation which it failed to fulfill. Quite simply, Faithful Construction was responsible for erecting a domicile in which Crane brand products were utilized for all of the plumbing bowls and fixtures. Instead of adhering to these contractual obligations, Faithful Construction instead utilized Kohler brand fixtures -- which was not specified in the contract and effectively breaks the contract. Because the contract was broken on behalf of the construction company, there is no need -- or legal basis -- for the Caplans to fulfill the contract by paying the construction company money for a contract that they did not successfully satisfy.

Moreover, it is worth noting that this particular point of contention, which pertains to the plumbing in the aforementioned domicile, is far from minor. Plumbing and its infrastructure runs all throughout a house. Furthermore, there are a number of expensive costs and points of damage associated with a houses plumbing. As such, it is critical to utilize renowned parts and to certainly utilize those which the builder designates for the house. Although it may appear that Faithful Construction did not significantly vary from the terms of the contract by utilizing a different manufacturer for the plumbing parts, in fact it did. Just because Kohler parts are allegedly equivalent to those made by Crane does not mean that they will function as well, or even properly Therefore,…… [read more]


How to Reform the Prisons Essay

… U.S. PRISON SYSTEM

US Prison System

The United States prison system has become the subject of much debate in modern society and the media. This has happened for a litany of reasons such as concerns about racial disparities in sentencing,… [read more]


Laws and Certain Situations Essay

… Federal and Arizona Law

Fact patterns one and four are in violation of federal law. This statement is particularly apparent in the instance of fact pattern one, in which the judge decided to discuss critical aspects of the court case that he was presiding over with one of the attorneys outside of the courtroom. Doing so violates the legal precedent that judges are not allowed to discuss any aspect of the case with anyone involved in it -- from the witnesses to the jury, from the prosecutor to the defense attorneys -- because doing so could considerably sway the outcome of the court. In the case of fact pattern four, the prosecutor is apparently guilty of withholding evidence. There are very serious ramifications for withholding evidence, which affects the rights of due process. In these instances the prosecutor could actually be subject to a criminal trial of her own, and be punished via imprisonment, disbarring, as well as paying monetary fines (Hennessy-Fiske). Granted, the due diligence of the defense attorney should have enabled that attorney to access the witness's signed statement. Still, the prosecuting attorney was aware of this evidence and deliberately withheld it -- which possibly resulted in the imprisonment of an innocent man.

The conduct in these fact patterns that violates Arizona state law is that found in facts one and four. It certainly is against the law to withhold evidence in a court of law in Arizona. This fact is enforceable both and the federal and state levels. Moreover, the same sort of punishments that the offending attorney was liable for in fact four due to federal legislation are liable for her at the state level as well. It is unacceptable for attorneys to withhold evidence just to influence a jury or court proceeding in their favor. Both federal and Arizona state law attest to this fact. Additionally, Arizona state law prohibits the judge from discoursing with the attorney about the case that they were both working on outside of the bounds of that courtroom. This law is also upheld at the federal level, which merely reinforces the Arizona law which expressly states "a justice of the peace shall have the powers and perform the duties prescribed by law" (Arizona State). There is too much influence that judges can have over attorneys by talking to them outside of the courtroom about cases that they are both working on. Arizona law prohibits such behavior.

The conduct of each of the principle actors in all four fact patterns violates ethical canons and rules for the practicing of the various aspects of law enforcement portrayed within those fact patterns. It is unethical for one to utilize one's professional position for personal gain, which is at the crux of the issues described in fact patterns two and three. Both Jones and Holmes are engaging in acts of graft, and are neglecting their job in the process. From an ethical perspective, probation and police officers are supposed to do their jobs in… [read more]


Do Employees Have a Right to Privacy at Work Research Paper

… Employee Monitoring: Privacy in the Workplace

Employee privacy in relation to online technology has proven to be one of the most controversial issues in Internet law. Technology has in many ways moved faster than the law, and judges and legislators find themselves having to play 'catch up' as issues arise regarding the need to balance workers' and employers' rights. Employee privacy questions begin even before an employee is hired. Increasingly, employers are making use of 'Google' as a tool in prescreening employees, seeing what online traces the worker has left regarding work habits, hobbies, and political beliefs.

While public records are accessible to all, this does not mean that an employer can discriminate against a candidate if the worker belongs to a protected status, according to the terms of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission: for example, if an employer discovers that the prospective employee has a disability or is a member of a historically-discriminated against minority group based upon an Internet search, the employer cannot use that information against the candidate. In fact, some lawyers advise not Googling candidates given that if the prospective employee is rejected "and is able to show that such information was uncovered in an Internet search, then the candidate could allege that the impermissible criterion was the reason he or she was not hired," thus requiring the employer to demonstrate that the job-seeker was not discriminated against based upon his or her status (Siegel).

For some employers, however, Googling is not enough and they wish to discern more about the candidate based upon private social networking information and will ask for passwords and other log-in information to all the social media sites used by the candidate. While membership in a protected category of employment is not permitted to be taken into hiring considerations, political views, drinking, and hobbies the employer disapproves of are legal ground for not hiring an individual (Guerin). Given the growing pervasiveness of this, a number of states have taken action to limit this practice, "prohibiting employers from requesting or requiring passwords to social media sites" and Facebook, the most popular online social networking site, made "soliciting passwords a violation of the site's code of conduct" (Guerin).

Once he or she is hired, however, employees should assume that all communications on work-related computers are not private. The federal law, the 1986 Electronic Communications Privacy Act, "prohibits unauthorized interception of various electronic communications, including e-mail" but "the law exempts service providers from its provisions, which is commonly interpreted to include employers who provide e-mail and Net access" (Schulman). Many employers inform employees that their online transactions are monitored, and courts have largely concurred with employers that organizations have a right to ensure that employees are not accessing potentially hazardous sites that could bring down the work Intranet and hamper productivity and that in general that there can be no reasonable expectation to privacy on work computers (Schulman). Even if an employer informs employees that email communications are not monitored and are personal, in… [read more]


Fraud Check Fraud and Warranty of Merchantability Chapter

… Business Law

Tandy purchased a washing machine from Marshall Appliances. Marshall affixed to the sales contract a provision explicitly disclaiming all express or implied warranties. This includes the implied warranty of merchantability. The washing machine turned out to be a lemon, and Tandy sought a refund of the purchase price.

Such a disclaimer serves to release the seller from liability for product defects. In this case, the nature of the defect and the time frame for Tandy's claim are not known. However, the warranty disclaimer is not bulletproof. One of the issues that will be looked at is whether or not this disclaimer is in writing. It is, but in the same print as the rest of the sales contract. This may be an issue, if the matter goes to court, because the court might find that the seller tried to hide the warranty disclaimer rather than being up-front about it. However, because the warranty was contained in the sales contract, and Tandy signed the sales contract, there is a good chance that the court will find that Tandy agreed to this warranty disclaimer.

The warranty of merchantability is a specific warranty that the good in question is fit for sale. This is an implied warranty, and usually this is enforced. This is where the court might wish to know the nature of the defect and the time frame in which Tandy's warranty claim occurred. In general, this warranty must be disclaimed specifically and in writing. A general warranty disclaimer will not suffice, as contract law argues that the goods must be as represented, which means they must be merchantable.

The case write-up is ambiguous. It does not make clear what the actual text of the disclaimer is -- this matters. It matters because unless the warranty of merchantability is cited by name, or it is otherwise made clear that a sale of a good is on an "as is" basis, then the warrant of merchantability still applies, disclaimer or not. In this case, we do not really know enough of the facts, but it sounds like the warranty of merchantability was not disclaimed in this way, and therefore Tandy is correct, that she should receive either an exchange…… [read more]


Case Assignment Involving Violence and Zero Tolerance A-Level Outline Answer

… Violence and Zero Tolerance

Violence and Tolerance in Campus

Campuses and other institutions of higher learning are seen as the right environments that allow new generations to interact, explore and gain useful knowledge to help them craft awesome lives for themselves. Apparently, campus violence cases have risen in the recent past and this has gotten parents worried about their children's safety. Langford, 2012 indicates that assault, rape, rioting, self-harm, suicide, sexual harassment and fighting aren't that uncommon in campuses any longer. There are a number of factors that could have contributed to such a situation. They include interpersonal processes like group norms, individual factors like conflict resolution skills and institutional factors like policies of the institution. This paper will look into what makes a campus safe and the various roles key stakeholders play in the prevention of various incidents.

The Elements of a Safe Campus

2015 has seen legislation regarding campus safety brought up, Fair Campus Act and Safe Campus Act. Since the introduction of these legislations, various parties have taken different stances on their fairness and intent (Heydt 2015).

The key elements of campus safety have been expounded on below.

Involvement of Law Enforcement

Equal opportunity is given to any individual in campus to report any incident to officials in campus. The officials will submit their reports to the law enforcement committee at the earliest possible opportunity. If for any count found guilty, the accused shall be punished accordingly.

Safe Harbor

(Heydt, 2015) states that a campus shall not have violated title IX if disciplinary procedures aren't perused for an individual accused of sexual assault. Students not in any way involved in violence are to be protected in a safe harbor.

Standard of Proof

Appropriate standard of proof are to be applied before disciplinary action is taken.

The Role of the Teacher/Instructor and Education Leader in Preventing Violence

Teachers and instructors have a role to play in containing and eliminating violence in campuses (School Violence Weapons, Crime and Bullying, 2015). They can help through:

Counseling: This will help contain or do away with any negative…… [read more]


Analysis of the Electronic Privacy Control Act Term Paper

… ¶ … amendments, if any, to the act.

Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986

The act was enacted in 1986 with the aim of widening the wiretapping applied by the federal government as well as provisions for spying on electronic communication. This act was developed to form some sort of middle ground between the genuine law enforcement and the right to privacy of the citizens of the nation. Through the act, congress tried to assure the safety of private information through the adoption of modern technology (EPIC-Electronic Communications privacy Act (ECPA)). Encompassed in the Electronics Communications Privacy Act of 1986 are several other acts including the Wiretap Act, the Stored Communications Act, and the Pen-Register Act. Wire communication that encompasses all phone conversations is similar to while oral, face-to-face communication happens in person with no expectation that the conversation is subject to interception. The Act specifies consequences for its violation as well as a provision for victims to be awarded damages as a result of a civil suit which is their right under this act. It attracts fines of up to a quarter of a million dollars and a sentence of up to half a decade. However, the country cannot be sued under this act.

The Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 refers to two acts, the Electronic Communications Privacy Act and the Stored Wire Electronics Communications Act. Part of the adjustments made to the Federal Wiretap Act of 1968 was the inclusion of the computer, digital and electronic communications in addition to communications through the telephone lines covered earlier. (ECPA OF 1986).

The ECPA has been further updated to make provision for new forms of communications and technologies and also to make it easier to gain access to information in various forms. Information that falls under the protection of the ECPA includes ongoing information, in transit or stored information on computers whether that communication is oral, electronic, through email or through wire and telephone conversation.

Titles under the Act

Three titles fall under this act. These cover the Wiretap Act, the Stored Communications Act and the Pen Register Act.

Title I is the Wiretap Act and it designates as federal crimes any acts of wiretapping or electronic eavesdropping, possession of wiretapping or electronic eavesdropping equipment, disclosure of information that has been obtained through illegal wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping and disclosure of information obtained through wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping that is authorized by a court, for the purpose of justice obstruction (Koo, 2014). The intention to intercept as well as the endeavor to do so are specifically prohibited in this act unless consented to by one of the parties, is part of a specific radio broadcast, is a part of provision or regulatory communication or has been authorized by statute. Consequences of violations here may include criminal penalties, equitable relief, and damages awarded to victims of violations through civil suits and administrative action taken against violators.

Title II is the Stored Communications Act that prohibits the clandestine access to communication… [read more]


Remote Hijacking as a Possible Form of Terrorist Attack Essay

… Airport Operator, ASC, and an Attack on Aviation

An airport operator is an entity that directs and manages an airport. This entity (usually an organization) oversees the linking of the airport to the community of airports around the world so… [read more]


Aftermath Analysis of the Columbine Incident Essay

… ¶ … Columbine high school shooting case and the resultant fallout.

Two high school students -- Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris -- studying at Littleton, Colorado's Columbine High School, executed a planned assault on fellow students and staff members of the school on the 20th of April, 1999. The shooting incident cost 13 lives and injuries to several dozen individuals. Sheriff and police units from numerous agencies, in addition to SWAT teams, federal and state law enforcement organizations, reached the shooting site within minutes. Still, it took a shocking number of hours to contain the incident and take out the injured and dead from the school premises. The tragedy was a merciless and senseless act. Only one aspect of it stood out as crueler than the shooting itself -- the (justified) criticism of how ineffectively the situation was handled by the police.

Police Response

The key criticism was the extremely slow response of rescuers to the emergency. Law enforcers admitted that the incident revealed lessons they needed to learn; however, they also admonished the public by stating that they don't intend to placate its desire for what it views as brash movie-style rescue operations. Numerous police officers asserted that what most people fail to understand is that sustaining "collateral damage," (like military operations do), isn't the purpose of SWAT teams (Lichtblau and Lait, 1999). David Gascon, Deputy Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department, stated that the primary mission of SWAT teams is saving lives and putting an end to the incident without harm to the innocent, the police, and suspects (if possible). According to him, the public holds an erroneous belief, thinking that law enforcers can simply walk inside and take down suspects. The school wasn't secured until over four hours into the attack, which started at about 11:40 A.M., even with live TV reports of the incident showing heavily-armed members of Jefferson County's SWAT team positioned around the building's perimeter. However, the police claimed that the shot was misleading, as the first group of SWAT officers had already entered the premises within one hour of being summoned, and had begun hunting for bombs. Ten SWAT members from Jefferson County and Denver reached the crisis site within some minutes of receiving the first emergency call, revealed Vince DiManna, Denver Captain. A number of these officers were off-duty, thus arriving without their SWAT shields and tough bullet-proof vests ((Lichtblau and Lait, 1999);…… [read more]


Brief Business Law Case Discussions Chapter

… Business Law

The relevant facts are as follows. Jerome is elderly, and lives with his nephew Philip, on whom Jerome is dependent. Philip has informed Jerome that Jerome must transfer land to him at 30% below market value, otherwise Philip will withhold his support. Jerome enters into this contract.

The key legal issue is that of voluntary consent. Voluntary consent is one of the conditions of a valid contract. The value of the contract is not at issue -- whether the deal is a good one or a bad one has nothing to do with its legal status. The issue here is how the contract was formed. First, it appears that Jerome, while elderly, is of sound mind, and capable of giving such consent. The key issue with the consent is whether this contract was entered into under a state of duress. The duress would arise because Jerome is dependent on Philip and Philip threatened to withhold his assistance if Jerome did not sign the contract according to Philip's terms. Jerome would certainly suffer and possibly would die without Philip's assistance, so the threat had a tangible, negative outcome for Jerome that Jerome could reasonably predict.

In general, there are two tests for duress: intentionality and substantial freedom from controlling influences. It is not in dispute from the facts presented that Jerome was under physical duress -- the threat that Philip made would have directly resulted in Jerome suffering. However, Jerome may have had other options at his disposal. He could have let Philip walk, and sold the property at market value to pay for a caregiver, for example. Such details, however, are not presented in the facts. The facts do not present the idea of a viable alternative for Jerome. The facts are insufficient to properly judge this case.

My conclusion is that Jerome did not take the time to fully explore his other options. He treated Philip's offer as a binary choice, which it was not. Nor did Jerome show evidence of trying to negotiate with Philip over any element of the deal. Jerome may not have wished to engage in researching his options, and maybe he did not wish to negotiate, but ultimately Jerome had those options. As such, the ruling would go against Jerome -- he was not forced to sign under immediate threat of pain. He had other options, but the evidence does not show that he attempted to avail himself of other options before signing this contract.

2. The facts are that Jeremy promised to the resort to pay for his mother's bill if his mother did not pay. This was an oral agreement in exchange for the resort's agreeing to waive the deposit for Jeremy's mother. After the services were rendered, Jeremy's mother refused to pay her bill. The resort sought to collect from Jeremy and he, too refused.

The key legal issue is the statute of frauds, specifically whether or not a legal contract was in place between Jeremy and the resort.… [read more]


Legalities Applied to Students Chapter

… System Policy, Gov & Ethics

The 1st Amendment's clause on 'Freedom of Speech' represents one among the most precious and valuable of rights promised to Americans by the U.S. Constitution. Simultaneously, it can also be counted among the rights American citizens exploit the most (Freedom of Speech Clause - 1st Amendment, n.d). In the given case, however, Mrs. Cloths was fully entitled to freely expressing her views. Her action of broaching the issue of the school's discriminatory practices does not warrant termination of her employment, irrespective of whether she brought it up publicly, or in private. The school's assistant principal could not present evidence of Mrs. Cloth behaving in a hostile manner (439 U.S. 410 Givhan v. Western Line Consolidated School District, n.d). It appears that his wish to terminate Mrs. Cloth's employment was unjustified; the only apparent grounds for this decision of his would be her criticism of discriminatory practices in the school.

: If public employees choose to voice their opinion privately instead of publicly, they don't lose protection against government 'freedom of speech' abridgment, as the1st Amendment prohibits this. Both the Amendment and our decisions fail to imply that a public worker loses this freedom if he/she plans to privately communicate with the employer, instead of publicly, spreading his/her thoughts (439 U.S. 410 Givhan v. Western Line Consolidated School District, n.d). Nevertheless, taking into account the series of decisions that transpired in the given case, it can be said that the same outcome would ensue either way.

4.3: On account of what the case in question presented, my opinion is that there appears to be no step which could minimize further dissent between the two parties (Writer Thoughts).

4.5:

a) In the J.S. v. Bethlehem Area School District case, a student in middle school developed a website incorporating offensive comments regarding his school's principal and algebra teacher. The website presented an image of the latter, with blood dripping from her head, which subsequently morphed into an image of Adolf Hitler; the display included a message offering a sum of money for finding an assassin to kill her. The teacher apparently experienced intense distress after coming to know of this site. Insulting comments on the school's principal were also presented on the site (J.S. v. Bethlehem Area School District, 807 A.2d 803 (Pa. 2002), n.d). Pennsylvania State's Supreme Court stated that school authorities had the right to mete out punishment to the student as his actions resulted in significant school activity disruption. In the Beussink v. Woodland R-IV School District case, a personal internet site was developed by a student from high school on his home PC. The homepage consisted of a link to the website of his school; school officials were also ridiculed on the page. Additionally, vulgar language was used on the site. The existence of this site was reported by a fellow student to one of the teachers at school, who took up the matter to the school principal. The student was suspended for a… [read more]


Nursing and White House Legislation Essay

… ¶ … nurse who attends to patients in the ICU (Intensive Care Unit) section of a health facility. It is a highlight of the contribution of the nurse in the ICU department, their present job description and status.

Different

Current… [read more]


How and Why Legal Disputes Can Be Mitigated Chapter

… Legal Disputes

Memo: Important considerations when delving into international legal disputes

In considering international legal issues, this paper references legal essayist Shirley V. Scott, who points out in the book Litigating International Law Disputes (editor, Natalie Klein, 2014) that there are a "range of methods of dispute resolution" when it comes to international law. Scott notes that negotiation, mediation, and conciliation are three potential legal remedies when there is a dispute at the international level. There are several international courts and tribunals that handle international legal disputes, Scott explains, but it is " ... far more usual for states to settle differences through diplomacy and bilateral negotiations" (Scott, 24).

However, if litigation is the preferred framework for resolving an international dispute, the place to start is Article 33(1) of the United Nations Charter, Scott explains (24). In Article 33 (1) the UN Charter states: "The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, shall, first of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement ... " or other potential and peaceful remedies (www.un.org). Of course the UN does not obligate states or parties to resolve their disputes, it simply requests that both parties attempt to find peaceful solutions.

Another framework for the resolution of international disputes is the International Court of Justice (ICJ); Scott points out that there are many international courts and tribunals in the world today, but on the other hand states "rarely turn to litigation as a first step" when there is a political dispute (29). Under what circumstances is the ICJ typically used? The ICJ usually takes cases that evolved from disputes about state boundaries; in these cases, states have perhaps already engaged in military conflict, or there is a stalemate and states believe continuing an unresolved conflict would be too expensive and costly to citizens, hence, they turn to courts. An example of another issue that required the resolution of an international legal dispute was the series of nuclear tests that France was conducting in the South Pacific in 1974. After ten years of bilateral negotiations did not resolve the problem, New Zealand and Australia went to the ICJ demanding France cease conducting these tests. France shortly thereafter announced "... it had completed…… [read more]


Arbitration in Saudi Arabia and in the United States of America Research Proposal

… Arbitrator's comparative study between Saudi Arabia and the U.S. A.

Historically, the technique of arbitration as a means to resolve disputes in Saudi Arabia has been underused. But, since no proper system for reporting cases of arbitration exists in the… [read more]


Shoulder Problems: Main Causes Research Paper

… History Of Present Illness:

The patient states he has been suffering pain and limited range of motion on the left side of his shoulder joint for 2 months, and that the symptoms were getting worse. Now he experiences difficulty dressing himself, along with other daily functions like taking showers because of the pain.

Medical History:

The patient has suffered shoulder joint pain and limited range of motion on the right side three years ago. After being treated for two months, there were no more problems with pain or range of motion on the right hand side.

Now, the patient states that his left shoulder joint has started giving problems two months ago. He states that he can no longer play golf, and that the symptoms are becoming more serious. For this reason, he returned for treatment.

(A) Diagnoses of Diseases and Patterns

Qi and blood stagnation

The patient states that the pain intensifies when he elevates his left arm. He adds that this pain is aggravated when he tries to play golf, or when he goes about his normal routine of working and cleaning. Because of…… [read more]


Tension in Stakeholder Groups Term Paper

… The return on investment that will be realized for the Athens area both during and after the Olympics are over. As for two suggestions on how to ease these tensions, keeping things as open and visible as reasonably possible is one way to mitigate tensions. The amount of closed-door meetings should be very low to none and there should be an easy-to-interpret accounting of what will be spent, what the overall effects will be for the Olympics and what will be the longer term effects (especially the benefits) for the city. Another way to mitigate tensions is to actively and visibly show that dollars are being spent in a reasonable and deliberate way and not just being wasted. As much that can benefit the city of Athens and the country of Greece both during and after the Olympics should have been shown and bragged about (Odono et al., 2009).

Conclusion

As the recent austerity protests and overall budget problems that Greece has had in the last ten years, appeasing everyone even in the fact of little to no dollars and/or resources is far from being an exact science and some people will never be satiated. However, most stakeholders will be reasonable if it is clear that you are making your best efforts and are not hiding the ill effects or exaggerating the benefits of a plan. An international airport is a key artery for travel and commerce in any country or city and it is actually fairly easy to justify upgrades that can benefit a city or country for an event and/or the future beyond the event (Gulati et al., 2010).

References

Odoni, A., Stamatopoulos, M., Kassens, E., and Metsovitis, J. (2009) 'Preparing an Airport for the Olympic Games: Athens', Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 15 (1)

pp. 50-59.

Gulati, R., Martinez-Jerez, F.A., Narayanan, V.G., and Tahilyani, R. (2010) 'Indus

Towers: Collaboration…… [read more]


Evidence-Based Practice in Clinical Practice the Demand Essay

… Evidence-Based Practice in Clinical Practice

The demand for maximum quality in Clinical Practice, has increased pressure on medical professionals to ensure that clinical practice is grounded on viable evidence.

Changes in treatments and improving expectations from clients to provide the… [read more]


Communication: Ethics and Conflict Essay

… Coach Boone is tasked with making the football players realize that in order to be successful, they need to overlook their teammates' skin color and focus on their responsibilities as offensive or defensive linemen. While the players are focused on their issues, coach Boone forces them to recognize their similarities, the fact that they have a single common goal. Coach Boone is able to accomplish this by bringing to light the inevitable consequence of their behavior and attitude. In order to do this, coach Boone takes the team on a run to Gettysburg and explains how their conflicts are similar to the conflicts of the past, and that they are in fact not moving on from the past, but rather repeating it. By familiarizing the team with a common goal, coach Boone is able to open the lines of communication between the team players and finally get them to start working as a single, cohesive team (Wormeli, 2001, p. 17). Thus, coach Boone empowers individual team players and allows them to see that they are accountable not only for their own actions, but also for the actions of those that look up to them.

Coach Boone successfully overcomes ethical dilemmas, and their ensuing conflicts, by establishing and communicating a common goal between himself, his fellow coaching staff, and the players. He asserts that he is not there to favor one race over the other, but that he is looking for the best players. Likewise, he declares that his intention is not to replace coach Yoast, but rather to include him as part of the team and contribute to their success, especially since he did not intentionally replace coach Yoast, but rather was appointed to the position by the school board.

Bibliography

Remember the Titans. (2000). Directed by Boaz Yakin. United States: Buena Vista Pictures.

Wormeli, R. (2001). Meet Me In the Middle: Becoming an Accomplished Middle School

Teacher. Portland,…… [read more]


Football Mission Statement Metro Conference Essay

… Routes will be run in full no matter what, defenses will be forced to take all fakes seriously and no one will take a play off. If they do, they will be benched and left there to think about what they did wrong.

Defense

The first goal of the defense will be to attack the ball and disrupt the opposing offense. Allowing quarterbacks to have time to throw and giving receivers or running backs plenty of space should never be happening.

The second goal of the defense will be to never take a play off. All players should be aggressive, yet not over-zealous to the point of blowing assignments at all times. Measured and aggressive execution shall be the rule.

Special Teams

Special teams requires consistent execution on all relevant plays including punts, kickoffs, punt coverage, kickoff coverage and field goal kicks/block attempts. Making mistakes on special teams can literally change the course of the game. Protecting kickers and getting the ball to where it needs to be in addition to attacking the ball when the other team is kicking are the primary tasks that special teams will undergo.

Mistakes are absolutely unacceptable on special teams. The players who make the least mistakes on special teams will get the special teams playing time and practice over and over again will be done until it's done right every single time.… [read more]


Tattoo Mike Essay

… Tattoo

Mike

You should not get the tattoo of the Fighting Lemon until after the football season is over. There are a few different reasons for this, none of which involve the school and its absurd policy. Allow me to explain.

The first reason is simple enough -- if the tattoo of a Fighting Lemon gets you transferred to Greenwood, you will wear the mark of a school that you do not represent. If you play for Greenwood, you will do so wearing the Fighting Lemon on your arm, which will not represent your new team well. You'll feel pretty dumb doing that.

The second reason is that if there is a problem with Greenwood and you are unable to play, you damage your chances of playing at the college level. You are the star quarterback for a team that could go all the way. You will be recruited, but only if you play. The opportunities that will come to you having a college education are far greater than if you do not have one. Getting the tattoo this week instead of next week could cost you tremendously, in terms of money in your life but also in terms of your ability to play football after this weekend.

The third reason is actually medical. A tattoo is basically an open wound when you first get it -- all red and raw. It actually takes a couple of weeks to heal, and until that time you need to take care of it. Sweat -- like from playing football -- is bad because it breeds infection, and made even worse if you try to hide the tattoo under a bandage. You will be knocked down in the game, and getting dirt and grass and other people's sweat into your tattoo is a great way to…… [read more]


Mandinga EM Manhattan Very Few Term Paper

… Certainly the films which are shown in the documentary which were taken decades ago have a monetary value which would be priceless because all historical documentation which captures information which cannot be proven elsewhere has monumental economic value. This holds true for written documents or visual ones, such as in the case of these old films of capoeira dancers in Brazil and other countries.

In terms of cultural value, the worth of capoeira cannot be overestimated. Although it began in Brazil, it has become something that is international. Capoeira has been practiced in hundreds of countries by people from various backgrounds and ethnicities, all who claim it as something that is part of their own culture because of its adoption. The fact that it has spread to so many countries shows how many cultures have embraced capoeira. This also reflects the multinational origins of the art. Given that so many differing African cultures were brought together into the creation of capoeira, it is logical that many countries have now adopted it as well. It is like countries came together to create and then broke apart in order to spread this thing they have created.

It was particularly interesting how in the film, some of the professors talked about folk dancing and capoeira's place in it. Most cultures have some form of folk dance that is particular to a country, a religion, or a region. Academics have tried to preserve these dances and they are performed sometimes in festivals or for educational purposes, but they do not really resonate. Capoeira has transcended this type of marginalization. It is beyond regions and beyond academia.

Works Cited

Mandinga Em Manhattan. Dir. Lazaro Faria. 2013.…… [read more]


National Football League (NFL) Term Paper

… At a time when public perception dominates business's bottom lines, the NFL's massive success is at risk if this human resources problem is not addressed. Media outlets harping on this issue threaten that the likelihood of sponsorship may fade and the NFL be branded as an organization that demonstrates unfair hiring practices.

2. Proposed Solutions

The current uprising in dissatisfaction regarding minority hiring in the NFL needs to be addressed or the league stands to lose out on its $9 billion revenues it enjoyed last year. A proposal to this problem must include an expansion of the Rooney Rule to include more minority hiring within the league's available coaching jobs. In an organization where 70% of the players are minority, mostly black athletes, it makes sense to come closer to that benchmark for coaching and general managing positions. This past year witnessed the lowest minority hiring rates since the inception of the Rooney Rule and it is time for the NFL to act before an uprising threatens the leagues' sustained success.

An increase in minority hiring must eclipse the current standard that is in place and reach at least 35% of all coaches being of a minority status for this rule to have any effect and relieve the NFL of its current problem. The NFL must assume an offensive position on this issue and force the changes if necessary. In a time where the President of the United States is a minority it seems that this argument is illogical, but, in a market where public perception dictates the successes of a business such as the NFL, this change should be conducted not on moral…… [read more]


Picture the Flame Arrives at City Hall Assessment

… Flame Arrives at City Hall

The image is a picture of the Olympic flame traveling to the London City Hall on Themes River. It was published by ITN News on July 27, 2012. The author is unknown. There are no arguments about the event. As security, was tight and the route strictly controlled throughout the affair. ("Good Reasons") ("Olympic Ring")

Analyze the Content

Who is the author?

The author is unknown. The arguments presented are to show the significance of the events that are unfolding. This motivated them to take the picture. In order to tell the world about how London is hosting the Olympics. ("Good Reasons") ("Olympic Ring")

Who is the audience?

The photo is directed at general, mainstream audiences. The occasion and forum helps to instill a sense of excitement about what is happening. This is building up the momentum to the start of the London Games and their lasting legacy. ("Good Reasons") ("Olympic Ring")

What is the larger conversion?

The pictures first appeared online starting on July 27, 2012. There were no arguments other than the assumed references drawn from looking at the photograph. The other cultural conversation that is being analyzed include: the Olympic Games and how London is hosting it for the first time since 1948. ("Good Reasons") ("Olympic Ring")

Step 3 Analyze the Text

Summarize the argument?

The main point of the argument is to illustrate how this is a momentous event that is occurring. Moreover, it is highlighting the importance of the Olympic flame's arrival and the way it signals…… [read more]


Japan Binary Opposition in "Seishun Essay

… The paper will focus upon one of the earlier scenes in the episode. Ippo is at school. Class has concluded and students are congregating in groups and pairs discussing their after school plans. Ippo gathers his belongings slowly. He does not speak to anyone. He does not make eye contact with anyone. The binary opposition is two fold in this scene. On the one hand, there is the opposition of inside and outside, with respect to social circles. Inside/outside is a prominent feature of Japanese culture that is demonstrated subtly in this scene. Ippo is alone. He is the outsider. Outsiders do not have friends. The other students who have social skills, they are the insiders and they have larger numbers. Thus, on the other hand, there is an opposition between friends/groups and loners/losers. Ippo is on the outside because he has no social skills because he has no confidence. The other students have social skills, have friends, and have confidence. Eventually, the students invite him to the movies with them, but Ippo cannot attend because he has trouble expressing his wishes and he cannot go because of his obligations to assist his mother with the family business. The plot trajectory that is implied is that over time, Ippo will become a build upon the great natural physical strength he already possesses, gain confidence, and have the social life for which he deeply hopes, while still honoring his familial obligations. It is further implied that Ippo will demonstrate his superb boxing skills publically, so as to make his mother, boxing coach, and schoolmates proud or impressed.… [read more]


Description and Evaluation of a Person or Animal Essay

… ¶ … Governor

I had an opportunity of meeting the State governor face-to-face in a political meeting. The man, aged around forties had an oval face. He had dark brown hair, which was curly and unusually thick. It covers some part of the forehead as the hair is not properly shaped. He is courteous and handsome. The governor ears are small and tucked within his thick hair. Under the heavy eyeglass that he puts on, lays big and almond-shaped dark eyes. His two curved eyebrows happened to be thin and exceedingly narrow. The nose of the governor is large with a full-lipped mouth. The bushy sideburns that he keeps arched moustache together with unshaven face make him have a messy outlook. He has a large scar on the left side of his cheek near the moustache, which gives him a unique feature when identifying him.

The tense facial expression proves that he is a worried and anxious person as he starts his campaign trail to get another term in office. He is tall and remarkably slim as his length is around 1.75 centimeters and his body weight weighing around 56 kilogram. He has a narrow shoulder as well as narrow wrist with long legs. He walks with calculated moves that give out the feeling that he is a focused and serious man. He loves wearing tennis shoes together with his suit, and that is observable in all his campaigns on television. Many people have come to associate him with that style as that is his trademark. He talks with a commanding voice and use a lot of gestures in his speech. This would make anyone interested to hear him speak. He stands upright and loves singing to maintain the interest of his listeners. He has a smooth and glowing skin that shows that…… [read more]


Science and Pseudoscience Article Review

… Science and Pseudoscience

Would you describe the claims made in this article on weight loss as having been based on scientific or pseudoscientific research? Explain your answer.

I would describe the claims made in the Sensa article as being made completely on pseudoscientific research. Research that is scientific in nature has a clear hypothesis that is testable and that can be proven to be either valid or invalid (Braithwaite & Jackson, 2006). Because that is the case, it is easy to see that the Sensa article does not offer scientific proof of the validity of its claims. One of the largest red flags is that the Sensa article provides the opinions of celebrities, which is a ploy often used by pseudoscientific articles to make people think something must be good because all the celebrities are using it. While celebrities are much more popular in the U.S. today than scientists, the ability of a celebrity to make a claim about the scientifically testable (but apparently untested) properties of a product must be called into question.

The article also claims to have reviews from respected publications (Weight, 2012). After making that claim, it goes on to cite Good Housekeeping, and InStyle - two publications that are decidedly not in the same vein as scientific journals. The largest and most obvious reason that this article is pseudoscientific, though, is the small print at the bottom, under the link to click to buy the product (another red flag). The print says "This article sponsored by Sensa" (Weight, 2012). No reputable scientific study would ever be sponsored by the product it was studying. No reputable journal or other publication would allow sponsorship of a scientific study, because that completely taints the conclusion reached by that study and calls into question everything from the hypothesis to the method.

Question 2: As a scientist, how would you design a research study to disprove or prove the hypothesis: Sensa causes weight loss without dieting.

In order…… [read more]


Global Media Essay

… Global Media Impact of the 2010 World Cup Soccer Tournament

The 2010 World Cup Soccer tournament drew hundreds of thousands of fans to South Africa, which opened the door to greater cultural understanding and cooperation between the nations that sent soccer teams to this African nation. But many more millions of people watched the games on television and on the Internet around the world. What was the impact of the games and the television broadcasts on cultures around the globe? This paper will focus on that issue, and present reports from news sources in various markets.

The 2010 World Cup Audience

"…Global media cultures represent a cultural otherness, at times a threat to cultural tradition and autonomy. On the other hand, global media cultures often contribute to a development of local cultures, bringing them into contact and on a par with the social reality of a globalized modernity. The media have increasingly become an independent institution for socialization and the development of cultural identity…" (Hjarvard, 2008, U. Of Copenhagen).

According to the governing body of international soccer, the FIFA, approximately 700 million people watched the World Cup Final on live television (or on streaming feeds through the Internet) (Roxborough, et al., 2010). If those numbers are accurate, then that final match beats the international audience for the opening ceremonies in 2008 for the Beijing Olympic Games -- an estimated 600 million people watched that event. The final between Spain and Holland of course drew huge television audiences in those respective countries; some 17 million Spaniards watched their team defeat the Dutch in that final. That 17 million figure represented 91% of the total television audience in Spain at that time. In Holland, about 8.5 million fans watched the final; that represented 91% of Dutch viewers, Roxborough explains.

Meantime, what impact did the 2010 World Cup's global media outreach have on diverse communities and cultures around the world? An article in The New York Times (Marcus, 2010) points to an international gathering of artists from around the world that were commissioned to come to South Africa to paint their original versions of what they saw. Five artists from each of the 32 nations competing in the World Cup created an "eclectic exhibition" for the world to see through television, Internet and print journalism coverage of the games and the artists, Marcus explains. For example, the five artists from North Korea created art that showed "strapping North Korean soccer players with earnest, determined expressions," much like the players themselves, Marcus explained. Someone from France or from Albania would not have known what North Korean athletes look like -- or even know the North Koreans were at the World Cup -- without the fact that media brought those images into their homes on television.

In Myanmar, a country that is noted for political repression, football (soccer) fans in the city of Yangon that were eager to see the World Cup were thrilled that "electricity became more regular," according to "Tan" writing in Global… [read more]


Communication Problems? Many Communications Are Present Case Study

… ¶ … communication problems?

Many communications are present in this scenario. For example, Cathy is focused in on her work, but Joe is not. In fact, he is focused in on everything outside of the work setting, such as baseball and the weather. Furthermore, Cathy was not listening to anything Joe was telling her about the baseball game. When Cathy mentions to him that a report needs done as soon as possible, Joe becomes angry because he claims that no one told him. Not only that, but he also has to email her the necessary information for the report by the end of the day. Neither of these two individuals are focused in on the work enough to communicate so that everything is done in a timely manner. 2. What should Cathy do?

Cathy should do the following in order to take care of the situation. She either needs to delegate what tasks need done or demote Joe into a different position, so that he stays more focused on his work, instead of talking about irrelevant concepts that have nothing to do with work at all. These are her only options because of the fact that Joe is not doing his job properly, and he is making excuses to get out of it. Furthermore, Cathy has also stressed to him what needed done and he failed to do what is asked of him. 3. What do you think Joe will do?

As Joe stated, he will probably do a couple of paragraphs by winging it, instead of fully taking the time to complete the report, according to what Cathy told him to do. He would rather be at the baseball game, instead of at work. When Cathy tells him what do, he makes the excuse that he is not a typist, which is a poor attitude to have at work, and he should have kept this comment to himself; therefore, I really believe that he is still going to get the report done but it is…… [read more]


Statistics the Statistical Analysis Shows Research Paper

… ¶ … Statistics

The statistical analysis shows that the strongest correlation is between salary and attendance. There are two fundamental links between salary and attendance: the star power of the players and the ability of the team to pay a higher payroll. Higher salaries are associated with greater star power, which can be expected to have a high correlation with attendance. In addition, teams with a higher attendance will earn more revenues, and therefore be able to afford a higher payroll. This high level of correlation does not imply a causal effect, since there is a two-way feedback loop created by the elements of attendance level and payroll.

There are minor correlations noted with wins and stadium age and attendance. Wins was expected to be a strong correlating factor, since the competitiveness of the team increases its attractiveness to fans. This is especially true towards the end of the season, when teams still in playoff contention can expect a boost in fan support during the pennant race. The age of the stadium was not expected to have a strong correlation, but it does. The surprising element is that it appears as though the older the stadium, the higher the level of fan support. While McEvoy (2002) hypothesized that stadium age should be inversely correlated with attendance, this was not borne out by our analysis. The analysis indicated that some of the strongest attendance came from the oldest stadiums, such as Yankee Stadium, Wrigley Field and Angel Stadium. A more minor correlation, a negative one, was noted for ERA and attendance. This was speculated to be relevant because ERA is believed to be strongly correlated…… [read more]


Building a Network of Professional Contacts Admission Essay

… ¶ … building a network of professional contacts. I have always been a communicative person, enjoying working in teams at school and meeting new people and this trait is one of my strongest business assets.

The strength of my network afforded me access to the most up-to-date market information, as well as insight via off market information on which deals were active. I found the "inside" information particularly useful at ABN AMRO and Morgan Stanley given part of my job was locating clients in the process of buying commercial property and assisting with financing their acquisitions. The insight my network provided me is one of the reasons I graded as Tier 1 out of 4 at Morgan Stanley, while at Unibail-Rodamco, it helped me to identify potential buyers for the assets my team was in charge of selling.

When I joined ABN AMRO I met real estate professionals and was invited by one to join a club,"Property Young and Fun." During a club dinner, I met my future boss at Morgan Stanley who "debauche" me. My network also enabled me to find a job easily when I left Morgan Stanley because of the credit crisis.

My supervisors have always praised my excellent interpersonal skills and strong network of contacts as my most salient job related strengths, as each enable me to source potential deal opportunities and generate business termed "exceptional" from a junior level employee.

One of my most significant personal achievements was the creation of a female rugby team and serving as both its president and captain. While watching a men's rugby match one day, I spoke with some of the women present and suggested starting an exclusively female rugby team. Some girls were initially reluctant however I managed…… [read more]


Letter From Naledi Essay

… The Madam was so mean about everything. She said that Mma could go home to take care of Dineo but she said that Mma was "inconveniencing" her and that if she didn't come back in a week Madam would fire Mma. Doesn't she care that we would have no money to live if that happened?

Why do we have to work so much harder than white people and for so little money compared to them? Why do we have to live so far away from Mma? Why is it alright for Mma to live in Parktown only to work for Madam but not otherwise? Why does Mma have to wash outside like an animal when she works and clean for Madam indoors all day long? Why can Mma use Madam's indoor water to clean Madam's things but not to wash her hands that she uses to wash Madam's things? Why are things this way instead of the right way? I don't understand the explanation that this is "just the way it is" without asking why? Are there any white people who aren't like this? Do they care about us? Or about what is right and what is wrong?

I decided that I don't want to become anybody's servant at all or to go to school to learn how to obey and do chores for white people. I want to become someone more important who does something good for our people; I want to become a doctor, not a servant. I want to do something that will help our people overcome these horrible injustices and unfairness in our country. Mma says it is not like this in other places but that this is just the way that it is here? Why is that? What about other people in other countries? Do they care about us at all? Why doesn't somebody do something to help us?

Can you help me to understand?

All my love, Naledi.… [read more]


Why I Am the Oakland Raiders Biggest Fan Term Paper

… Oakland Raider's Biggest Fan

Why I Am Oakland Raiders' Biggest Fan

I am fortunate to have discovered early in life what my passions are. My greatest passion of all is football, and not just any style, game or team, it is Oakland Raiders football. My blood runs Silver and Black. Intensity, passion and the attitude of winning no matter what, all driven by an extreme commitment to excellence is what makes being a Raider fan one of the very best experiences in my life. My greatest joy in life is seeing the Raiders take the field and take both offense and defense to a level of intensity, passion and pain for opponents that are not present in any other NFL team. The Oakland Raiders are always aggressive, always bringing the battle to their opponents, always on the offensive. I love how the Raiders show their commitment to excellence on every play and in the intensity and passion the players show in any game. To be a Raider fan is to embrace the intensity and willingness to excel no matter what the odds are and to continually and passionately have a commitment to excellence. The Oakland Raiders show time and again the ability to turn around players and coaches others have written off, and show how these individuals can lead the team to victory. It is a team that attracts the most non-conformists, both for players and coaches, and unites them all with the passion and intensity for excellence and winning. I am the Raider's biggest fan because the team takes the toughest, most difficult players and coaches to work with and through teamwork, takes their intensity and work ethic and puts it toward winning. The NFL's toughest players have or are playing for the Raiders, and…… [read more]


Fences by August Wilson Essay

… Fences by August Wilson

In order to understand Fences by August Wilson, it can be important to understand the history of baseball. The beauty of Wilson's work, though, is that you do not actually have to understand baseball to see the broader information that is contained in the play. You might not understand all of the jargon that Wilson uses, but the joy and pain of the book come through very clearly, whether baseball makes sense to you or not. Most people who read the play want to know more about baseball because they find the play to be very interesting and it makes them feel as though the game might become interesting as well. For those who do not feel this way about baseball, however, the work can still be enjoyed because of the very real characters and the way that the individuals interact with one another. It is reminiscent of the lives of many people today and in the past, and that means that a lot of people can relate to it on various different levels, whether they like baseball or not (Wilson, 1986).

Being able to relate to characters in a play or a book is something that keeps readers and watchers interested and coming back. If the characters are so far removed from real life, there would be no interest on the part of the audience and no realism that could be identified with. This is the curse of many plays, but not Fences. It gives a very unique perspective on the history of African-Americans and shows the richness that is part of everyday life. This is significant no matter what a person's race or ethnic background, and is also important regardless of whether these people are educated or not and what kinds of jobs and lives they actually lead. Everyone has a story to tell, and using that real-life type of story and the much-loved pastime of baseball help to make the work even more valuable and entertaining for most people who would come along and watch the play or read it.

If you have an understanding of baseball and its history, however, there is more to the story than would otherwise be seen. Baseball came about through stick and ball games that were played throughout history in all sorts of different countries (Block, 2006). Even though it is now the American national pastime, baseball did not truly originate in America. It likely came from Romania or another similar country. By the 1860s, baseball was being playing on a semi-professional level within the United States (Ward, 1994). Mexican-Americans have contributed a lot to the game as have other nationalities. In addition, there have been many reasons for people to get together and either watch baseball or play it, depending on their ages and skill levels and how much they enjoy outdoor activities (Block, 2006). The most important thing about baseball that most people notice is that it seems to bring individuals together quite well. Most… [read more]


Why MLB Baseball Player's Participating Is Important to Prevent Teenage Athletes Steroid Use Term Paper

… MLB Players

MLB baseball players participate to prevent teenage athletes' steroid use so that they can be better role models. This is because they know and understand that they are in the spotlight, which makes young people look up to them as if they know what is best. Along with being professional baseball players, they have experience in the use of taking steroids and what negative effects it can have on a body. With being in the spotlight, they want to take advantage of that privilege and inform teenagers of the negative effects of steroid use.

Effects of steroid use

Steroid use can caused anger and aggression among teenagers, which could lead to psychological issues. This is one aspect of steroid use that MLB players want to further prevent in teenagers.

Teens who use steroids are noted to be more irritable, more aggressive and even more violent. Some teens that use steroids actually report a heightened degree of awareness while they use the drugs, which can sometimes lead to steroid induced psychosis. To add to this there is a degree of psychological dependence that comes from the changes the steroids make to the teen male athlete's body and his performance. The athlete begins to feel that the steroid is the whole reason behind any improvement in ability or stamina, in better physical looks. Those teens that use steroids on a regular basis also report a significant increase in somatic complaints as well as depression, anxiety…… [read more]


Old Man and the Sea Term Paper

… ¶ … Old Man and the Sea

Baseball & Fishing Provide the Net, but Hemingway has the Hook

For those who think Ernest Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea is a story about baseball, they are partly correct. And for those who think it is a fishing story, they are on the right track too. And still other readers who see this as a metaphor for growing old - juxtaposing youth (Manolin) and age (Santiago) - in Cuba or anywhere, they have something going for them too. But in this wonderful story about a Cuban fisherman who first goes without a fish for 84 days and then catches one that's too big to handle, baseball and fishing are just tools that Hemingway uses to capture the reader's emotions. Much like a fisherman has a net to assure that he will land the fish he has hooked, Hemingway's baseball and fishing allegories are like the net to bring the reader up to the boat of deeper understanding, once the reader's been hooked into reading the story in the first place.

When reading the story, a baseball fan who has been around for awhile - or who has studied the great teams and great players of the past - is immediately hooked into tale, because the novel begins and ends with baseball. Santiago's little apprentice, Manolin, has been told by his parents not to go out fishing with a man who has such bad luck, but he wants to go anyway; Santiago tells him "No. Go and play baseball" (p. 12). Moreover, readers learn that while Manolin's parents don't have much faith in Santiago, in fact Santiago doesn't have much faith in religion. On page 17, Santiago tells the boy to "have faith in the Yankees, my son." It seems that baseball has been Santiago's religion, perhaps filling in for God and Christianity; on page 103-04, when Santiago thrusts the harpoon into the shark, he says thinking "is all I have left. That and baseball."

With a little bit of research a reader learns that baseball is hugely popular in Cuba. Even Fidel Castro played professional baseball at one time. All little kids growing up play in the streets, or in back yards, or if they're lucky to be near a park, they play there. Hemingway understood the connections between baseball, Cuba, and the struggle to stay alive (old age) and…… [read more]


Best Man Speech Term Paper

… ¶ … Man Speech

Well, I don't know, I thought that since I was the better looking one that I might get married first, but that's the way it goes, huh? Age before beauty, they always say! But seriously, Shawn used to whoop my ass at soccer! Chrissie, be careful. Once in a while I stole the ball from him and scored, but otherwise he completely humiliated me. Chrissie, feed him well, let him watch football as much as he wants, let him get nice and plump so I finally kick his butt!

Running around playing tag when we were young, I guess we were about even -- what he had in experience I made up for in youth. Three years difference seemed like a lot back then. I think the distance made us closer. We were -- and still are -- like best friends. We used to ride our bikes together everywhere, play pranks and get into trouble together. Shawn and I have always shared everything. Before each school year he'd tell me exactly what to expect from my teachers since he had them a few years before.…… [read more]


Gross Domestic Products Term Paper

… Gross Domestic Products

What does a nation's Gross Domestic Products have in common with the Olympics? The Gross Domestic Product (or GDP) is a measuring tool used not only to measure a nation's wealth but also to determine the number of Olympic medals won by that nation. The GDP is the amount of available resources that a nation can pour into training their gifted athletes. Just being a host nation, for the Olympics, usually increases the medals won, as well as the encouragement that comes from an athlete performing on home turf.

In the case study "Who Wins at the Olympics?" The measurement of success, which is the number of medals that come home, is a direct reflection of that nation's Gross Domestic Products. A large population increases the GDP except in poor nations such as India, Indonesia, China, and Bangladesh. Therefore, to measure the ability of a nation to produce a number of Olympic winners one need only look at its current Gross Domestic Product. Taking into consideration that even if a nation is economically poor or not, the actual GDP will dictate the number of Olympic medals to be won. Add to that whether the nation is the host country for the Olympics and if they have invested more of their resources into training their gifted athletes to help determine the number of medals…… [read more]


Negotiator: What Are the Roles Term Paper

… Active listening, or listening so one hears what is being said so one can repeat what has transpired clearly to another party, in terms that the other party can recognize is key. "The job of a good negotiator is to listen to and understand what others are saying. After all, you can't make an intelligent response to an opinion you do not understand." (Banker & Tradesman, 1994)

The discipline of active listening requires that the negotiator to focus on what the other person is saying so as to get a clearer picture of the other party's ideas. Also, the listener can get a better chance to reflect on the process and strategy, to step aside and taking a dispassionate view of the goings-on, and to again use the martial arts metaphor, to deflect potential attacks through anticipation rather than through slashing out in combative exchanges that are ultimately not productive.

Works Cited

Banker & Tradesman. (17 Jul 1994) Reprinted by 2003 by The Negotiation Skills Company, Inc. Retrieved 28…… [read more]


Campus Violence on K-12 Term Paper

… There are two ways in which such experimental research could be undertaken. It would be possible to use a quantitative approach. In such a case the experiment would be based on establishing control groups and test subjects, and manipulating their involvement in martial arts classes and projects, while results were monitored through statistical analysis of the rates of incidents which are reported to the school and according to scientifically administered tests which measure the degree of personal and social violence in which the student was involved. Alternatively, I could use a qualitative approach, in which individual case studies are analyzed. For example, offending students could be placed into a martial arts program, and their behavior monitored not only through statistical analysis of the outcome but also through dialogue with the individuals and their teachers. Entire classes could also be monitored on an individual level. The most significant difference between qualitative and quantitative experimental research would be differences in the focus on the individual experience of discovering the martial arts and the physical and philosophical lessons of the class, and the subsequent changes in patterns of behavior.

Both qualitative and quantitative approaches to the experiment would involve the manipulation of data and statistics in analyzing results, however a qualitative approach would focus not just on the numbers of the situation but more fully on the individual response of students and its relationship to the success of the program. Because this study does deal with behavior which is difficult to monitor outside the school environment, and also deals with in-school behavior issues which are individualized and often serious, it appears that a qualitative research may be preferable over a quantitative approach which ignores the human element. For this reason, I am planning on using a qualitative approach to this study.

Such an experimental approach will allow me to do qualitative research into the link between exposing students to martial arts training regiments and the levels of violence. Only a qualitative approach will suffice to truly explore this topic, merely because insufficient prior research has been done to support using a study based on correlation of previous work, and because a quantitative research approach might jeopardize students, interfere with the ability to interpret responses to dietary changes. These positive aspects justify the use of a qualitative approach.… [read more]


Campus Violence for K-12 Term Paper

… The rates of school violence and the severity of violent incidents would decrease if such a martial arts program were implemented.

5) Design an experimental or quasiexperimental research study in which you can empirically test your hypothesis. In other words, compare an experimental group to a control group. Because randomization is not possible, choose a control group that is similar to the experimental group prior to your intervention.

The data that would be collected over the study of the course of the implemented program would then be compared with past rates of school violence in the same school from previous years before said program existed. Additionally, the statistics would be compared to other schools in the same district from past years as well as the years during which the chosen school implemented the martial arts therapy program. This would provide a wide range of comparisons from which to draw conclusions.

6) what new knowledge do you think your study will add to the extant literature?

This study would offer a unique possible solution to many of the problems experienced within the elementary school environment regarding campus violence. Martial arts is commonly mistaken for a violence-encouraging activity, however it is actually one that teaches self-control and builds self-confidence. It would be beneficial for researchers to see the results of such a non-traditional approach so that other non-traditional methods may be attempted and more potential solutions to the…… [read more]


Jet Li-Psychological Personality Analysis Term Paper

… His ability to impress and astound people with his martial arts skills made him an excellent martial artist, and people, especially his fellow citizens, dubbed him as a 'prodigy' in martial arts. Li refuted this label, since he wants to be recognized not because of his fame as a martial artist, but he wants to be given credit for the work, strenuous practice, and dedication that Li had given to his craft, the martial arts. Thus, when he was growing up from 11 to 16 years of age, Li continued practicing and his honing his craft.

Becoming a professional martial artist through the entertainment industry, Li began entering the movie industry to illustrate his martial arts skills when he was already 19 years old. His new profession as a martial arts fighter in movies continued, but with average success only. Li only successfully made it into the movie industry when he starred in "Once Upon a Time in China" (1991), earning him the title as the new Bruce Lee of Hongkong films. Li's fame and popularity in Hongkong earned him a role as a Triad leader and villain in the "Lethal Weapon" series, which propelled him to international success, marking him as one of the greatest and most popular Asian actors alongside Bruce Lee and Jackie Chan. As years passed, Li finally considered his being a martial artist in movies as a profession, especially now that he already has a family to raise. Other blockbusters that Li had starred in recently (2000-2002) are the hits, "The One" and "The Hero."

Li's extraordinary success in the martial arts and movie industry (as an actor) is a product of the motivation and dedication inculcated in him while he was a child. Although he grew up without a father, Li had managed to discipline himself with the help of Wu Bin, his trainer and guardian. Li's development as a martial artist ad eventual progress as a martial artist and actor can be best explained through Erik Erikson's socioemotional theory of development, which recognizes socioemotional feelings, thoughts, and interaction as vital to the development of an individual especially during the early childhood stage.

Erik Erikson's Socioemotional Theory of development posits that people grow and develop "socialized by and socialize others -- parents, siblings, peers, teachers... processes that involve changes in an individual's relationships with other people, changes in emotion, and changes in personality" (Santrock, 2001:338). Erikson identified different dichotomies that specifically delineate positive and negative aspects of socioemotional developments among individuals.

Li's development from being a child martial artist to an international movie artist reflects Erikson's Phase 4 of human development, where Industry plays a vital role in developing an individual's self-identity (phase 5). Through Industry and establishment of Self-Identity, an individual "relies much on the social aspect and he incorporates into play activity real-life situations," where in s/he gradually develops habits that will be influential in the individual's life and assumed roles in the future (Maier, 1969:55).

Establishment of the self-identity, meanwhile, is… [read more]


Fences (Wilson, 1986) August Term Paper

… Rose, the true stabilizing influence in his life, dissolves their emotional togetherness when Troy has a child with another woman out of wedlock.

Throughout the play, Troy either builds fences -- real and imagined or is not afforded a better life because of fences. The fence of racism is what destroys a promising baseball career. Troy builds a fence around his house to "keep away death." The racial victimization can be surmised from Troy's characterization of death (wearing a white hood -- supremacist) or the devil (a big white man in nice clothes). Troy suffered due to an emotional fence built by his father. He builds one with his sons -- potentially destroying their futures. One can relate to his sobriety and responsibility (drinking only once a week and giving most of his paycheck to his wife), but his self-destructive side takes over: he has an affair and Rose creates an insurmountable fence -- depriving Troy of emotional and physical companionship.

If one were to characterize Troy: he straddled the fence in himself, and in an effort to find himself, occasionally fell on one side or the other.

Bibliography

Wilson, August. Fences.…… [read more]


Rounded the Corner Term Paper

… I had thought the man was far younger than he now appeared. Deep wrinkles crossed his kind, weathered face, and his eyes were a warm, deep brown, like the color of a mud puddle after a spring rain. I had anticipated a smell as I passed, one of despair and suffering, and age, and filth, but instead, a light, familiar smell surrounded me.

What had stopped me, however, was that I had found the answer to at least one question. The area around the man's eyes were clean because he was crying. I could see the tell tale red eyes of tears, could see the dampness coursing over his drawn face. He smiled slightly, apologetically, and I noted his broken, jagged teeth. I felt a small smile touch my own lips.

His hand went to the inside of his coat, and I stepped back with a yelp, startled. My eyes, wide with fear, started helplessly as his hand withdrew a small item from within his old, worn clothing. I waited, breathlessly.

His face, first confused, cleared to a dawning realization of my thoughts, and his eyes dropping again to the sidewalk. He began to cry harder, the tears now visible in the dim light. His shoulders shook slightly and he coughed, the sound a painful wrenching sound from deep within his lungs. "I'm sorry" he mumbled softly. My face burned with shame, my own tears rising up. He had pulled a small kitten from within the warmth of his coat.

Hesitating only a moment, I dropped down to his level, my face even with his. I reached out one gloved hand, and pet the small orange kitten, who purred contentedly against his owners body. "No sir, I'm the one who's sorry," I replied. "I didn't mean to react the way I did."

His brown eyes looked into mine, and he smiled the most radiant smile I have ever seen. His broken teeth were yellowed with smoke and age, but for just a moment, his youth came shining through, full of pure innocence and joy. His slightly covered hand continued to pet the kitten, his eyes never leaving mine. "He's soft, ain't he?" he commented gently. "His name is Jason."

I nodded slowly, my own tears of shame welling up. Taking off my own black gloves, I handed them to him. "Here," I said, voice cracking. "He'll get cold if you pet him with cold hands, and we don't want him cold, do we?" I smiled.

His eyes lit up, but his smile faltered. "I can't take them, those are yours…you'll get cold, and we don't want you cold either" he chided softly. Shaking my head, I again handed the gloves to the old man. "Please, sir, take them, I have more."

He nodded slightly, and took the gloves. I stayed, long enough to watch him put them on. He made sure he continued to pet the kitten gently, and always with the gloved hand. "Don't want you cold, Jason" I… [read more]

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