"Theatre / Opera / Play" Essays

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Tis Pity She's a Whore Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (691 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


4. Character: How did the playwright draw the characters? Were they three-dimensional? If so, did you find any of them identifiable with your own life and feelings?

The characters are not three-dimensional. They are cardboard beings who are controlled by baser instincts such as love and lust without thinking through their actions. The characters need to tell others of their emotions because they are not visible to the viewer. No one in the real world is as uncomplicated as these people who think only of satisfaction of desires and the need for revenge.

5. Thought: What themes did the play pursue? In what ways did the playwright or production make you aware of the point-of-view being presented?

The play pursues themes of incest, of lust, and of the desire for vengeance and revenge. In the story, everyone is consumed by desire, either sexual desire for a man or woman or for a desire to meet out revenge to someone who has defrauded them through the first form of desire. Hippolita wants revenge against the man who supposedly killed her husband but is more angry at his abandonment. Soranzo wants revenge because his wife has been impregnated by another man. Giovanni wants revenge against the death of his sister even though he's the one who killed her.

6. Language: How did the playwright's language and the actor's speech create meaning for you?

The language choices that Ford uses are very clear. He does not use a lot of imagery or symbolism but instead makes his point quite clear. Some of the language is actually very coarse, particularly for the time period in which the play was written, such as the final line when Anabella is called a whore. It is interesting that she is classified in such a way, but the man who leads her astray is not given such a rude title.

Works Cited:

Ford, John. 'Tis Pity She's a Whore.…… [read more]

Dance Gender and Sexuality Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,453 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


Ballet and Gender

Girly Boys

For at least the past century and a half, the performance of ballet has also been a performance of gender and sexuality. That this should be true is hardly surprising: Ballet presents dancers in a minimum of clothing, and what they do wear is stretched tightly across their bodies. Ballet shows off the human form,… [read more]

Royal Tyler the Contrast Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (557 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Royal Tyler the CONTRAST

Royal Tyler's background makes it possible for individuals to understand that this particular playwright is different from more modern playwrights as a result of his life experience and as a consequence of the eccentric attitudes that he employed throughout his existence. Even from an early age Tyler was recognized for his ability to trigger laughter in his companions, as he was unhesitant about coming up with clever and sarcastic remarks about individuals or concepts that he considered intriguing. Tyler is generally recognized for being one of the most significant individuals in American playwright history because he wrote "the first comedy written by an American to be produced by a professional company" (ROYALL TYLER (1757-1826) and the Contrast).

Tyler was an atypical playwright because he did not perceive writing plays as a form of earning a living and only considered that this practice was a hobby. In spite of his intelect, Tyler influenced many individuals in expressing lack of interest in his personae because he had the tendecy to be too high-spirited. Even with this, he managed to inspire a great deal of people as a result of his inclination to address problems from a head-on perspective.

While Tyler acknowledged that it was very difficult for him to balance his professional life with his focus on writing plays, he focused on performing both practices as much as possible. The fact that he witnessed a great deal of problems with society because of his legal profession made it possible for him to use ideas that he came across as inspiration for his plays. This is why many of his works put across a satirical view of…… [read more]

Accessibility in the Performing Arts Thesis

Thesis  |  19 pages (5,546 words)
Bibliography Sources: 14


Accessibility in the Performing Arts

This study attempts to address the recent decline in arts patronage with an eye towards its underlying factors. While recent research has focused on the mix of economic pressures which have resulted in decreased funding for the arts, this research has frequently failed to investigate the attitudes and perceptions which inform these economic decisions. In… [read more]

Concert Unlv Wind Orchestra and Chamber Ensemble Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (633 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Concert UNLV Wind Orchestra and Chamber Ensemble

Conductor(s): Tara Krysa and Rachel Waddell

Cost: $10, $8/senior-military, Free to UNLV Faculty, Staff and UNLV and CCSD students with ID

Mozart, "The Impresario Overture:

Haydn, "La Canterina" with the UNLV Opera Theater Divas

Music - This was a first for me, and wow -- was I surprised. The first work, Mozart's Impresario Overture, was from an opera in which Mozart entered in a musical competition in 1765 when he was only 9 years old. Unbelievable that someone so young could compose such a vibrant, whimsical and rousing piece of music that has stood the test of time. I was also surprised that the entire opera, including the overture, lasts only 30 minutes and has only four vocal numbers. Instead, as was typical of the time, it was "filled" in with spoken dialog or dialog sung as a recitativo. The music was rousing -- almost like something one would wake up to in the morning. You can hear the theme in the woodwind and upper strings; bouncing lively back and forth in conversation. The orchestra was larger than the previous concert I attended; more brass and a larger number of strings, which only increased the vibrancy of this music for me.

The main portion of the program was a concert version of an opera by Josef Haydn. Haydn, it seems, was one of the grand composers of the classical symphony, many people came to study with him, and his attention to form and detail were imitated by a number of composers after his death (Shubert, Schuman, even Brahms and Mahler). Haydn wrote this comic opera in 1877 for Price Esterhazy, one of the patrons of the arts at the time. The title means "The Songstress" or "The Diva," and has only four major roles, 2 tenors and 2 sopranos. Like many comic operas of the time, this one revolves…… [read more]

Leporello Don Giovanni's Servant Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,632 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Leporello in Don Giovanni

Background- Don Juan, or Don Giovanni in Italian, is a fictional character that begins to appear in poetry and literature in the early 1600s. The legend, though, is both timeless and archetypal. Don Juan is the classic libertine -- he enjoys seducing young virgins and fighting their men. After encountering a stature of a dead father… [read more]

Keyword in Two Gentlemen of Verona Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,589 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Gentlemen of Verona

The concept of metamorphosis in the Two Gentlemen of Verona

William Shakespeare's 1590 play The Two Gentlemen of Verona deals with a series of concepts that later came to be characteristic to the playwright and that induce deep feelings in readers as they come across them. The play addresses several themes and two of the… [read more]

Gilded Age and Two Identifications Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (904 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Rise of Entertainment during the Gilded Age

The Gilded Age marked a time of industrial revolution, growth, and prosperity. The Gilded Age sprung out of post-Civil War and post-Reconstruction and is defined by the rapid economic and population growth. Marked by the creation of the modern industrial economy, the Gilded Age saw the rapid rise of industrialists such as John D. Rockefeller, Andrew W. Mellon, Andrew Carnegie, J.P. Morgan, and Cornelius Vanderbilt. It was also during this time that America saw the rise of expositions, amusement parks, and other entertainment outlets.

Expositions of the Gilded Age included the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, the World's Fair (World's Colombian Exposition) held in Chicago, the St. Louis World's Fair, and the Panama Pacific International Exposition. These expositions featured vast exhibition halls and were intended to display the latest technological marvels of the time. Many times, amusement parks were situated on the periphery of these expositions, and utilized new technologies to amuse and entertain the public (an Introduction to American Cultural Expression during the Gilded Age and Progressive Era). Of the first and most memorable amusement parks is Coney Island. Amusement parks encouraged innovations in the entertainment and industrial field and saw the development of rides featuring extreme drops and high speed rides meant to thrill passengers (Rutherford, 2000).

The Gilded Age also saw a rise in live entertainment, specifically in vaudeville. Prior to the Civil War, "American audiences boisterously voiced their approval or disapproval at theatrical performances by screaming, hollering, stomping, throwing vegetables and other missiles, or in certain instances even rushing the stage to attack performers or plead for encores" (About Vaudeville, 1999). Vaudeville grew out of the "culture of incorporation" of post-Civil War America,

and rose to prominence through organizational efforts, savvy business marketing, spending power, and an increase of leisure time among the white-collar worker. Vaudeville combined centuries-old traditions including the English Music hall, minstrel shows of pre-Civil War America, and Yiddish Theatre (About Vaudeville, 1999). Additionally, traveling entertainment became popular during this period. One of the most popular, and most enduring traveling shows was Barnum & Bailey Circus, "The Greatest Show on Earth," which featured both animals and performers (About Vaudeville, 1999).

The Gilded Age also so an increase in popular music as sheet music grew in demand among pianists. One of the venues in which sheet music was used was in traveling minstrel shows. Music was written and sold by both black and white musicians. The influence of black musicians was also heard in a new style of music called ragtime, which rose to prominence in the late 1890s (Ohl, 1996). Ragtime helped to establish a new genre of music which would later develop into jazz.

An increase…… [read more]

Ballet History Thesis

Thesis  |  12 pages (4,061 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


Ballet History

Ballet is a form of dancing that is performed for audiences in a theater. Just like many other forms of dance, ballet may tell a story, express a mood, or simply be a sign of the music. A ballet dancer's technique and special skills often differ greatly from those of other dancers. Ballet dancers perform many movements that… [read more]

El Teatro Olympia in Miami Thesis

Thesis  |  1 pages (306 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Olympia Theater -- or El teatro Olympia, as it's Spanish-inspired architecture and design might lead it to be called -- is a Miami, Florida landmark and a rich emblem of the city's history. It was designed by John Eberson, a master architect when it came to theaters; he was especially known for creating distinct "atmospheres" within his theatres, and the Olympia was no different. Eberson added to the mystique and majesty of the Moorish/Spanish architecture and design work of the building by creating a realistic image of the night sky on the ceiling of the auditorium, creating a full experience for the audience that went beyond simply the entertainment they were witnessing.

Though the Olympia first opened in 1926 as a silent movie theatre, and adapted easily to the "talkies" when they arrived, it also quickly became a popular venue for live performances. In the waning days of Vaudeville, the Olympia…… [read more]

World Heritage Site Report Thesis

Thesis  |  1 pages (427 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … Heritage Site Report

The Sydney Opera House: A Monument of Both Architectural and Cultural Grandeur modern architectural wonder, the Sydney Opera House was inaugurated in 1973 and continues to maintain its position as one of Australia's most important cultural and architectural sites. Architectural features of significance include the well-known three shells that interlock on the top of the structure and contain different areas of interest -- including restaurants and a theater -- and the pedestrian platforms that lead to ground level. it's architectural significance results not only from the beauty and uniqueness of its impressive design, but also from the engineering feats that resulted in its construction. Designed by Jorn Utozon, a Danish architect, the opera house is lauded for its glorification of the Sydney harbor as well as its modern technology and feel. Furthermore, the building was constructed with an eye on environmentalism and conservation.

In addition to its innovative structural design, however, the opera house lends additional cultural gems to the city of Sydney. An operational performing arts center, the Sydney Opera House offers a variety of cultural entertainment. In fact, the 2008 season lists performances from modern Rock and Roll wonder Sting to Mozart's classical opera Don Giovanni. Additionally, the area offers a variety of tours, restaurants, and…… [read more]

Tragedy and Comedy Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,935 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


Comedy and Drama

Tragedy and Comedy

Fiction," says Jean Anouilh, gives life its form." Shakespeare derived his Comedy of Errors from Plautus' Menaechmi and many of Shakespeare's dramas are retellings of the ancient fictions of Greek myths, both tragedies and comedies. The basic form of the Elizabethan play (indeed, most plays written in successive periods, up until contemporary theater and… [read more]

Boston: Paving the Way for the Future Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,179 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


Boston: Paving the Way for the Future

Boston is a city with deeps ties to its historical roots, but one that constantly evolves with the times as it sees fit. It was one of the leading cities to begin the fight for the freedom of the colonies and the abolition of slavery. It is a city that has survived economic decline by transitioning from manufacturing to high technology and defense and, most recently, to healthcare and biotechnology. and, Boston has the educational and cultural foundations to inspire continued evolution for success. For all these reasons, Boston is a great place to live.

Boston was first named Shawmet by the local Algonquin tribes. William Blackstone, an English immigrant, settled in the area in 1629 and invited his friend John Winthrop and his Puritan settlers to join him a year later. Winthrop renamed Shawmut Boston after his hometown in Lincolnshire, England.

Citizenship in Massachusetts was restricted to church members until 1664. Boston became the capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, a major New England seaport and the largest British settlement on the continent. As a major colonial center, Boston led the way in opening the nation's older school, the Boston Latin School in 1635 and the first post office in 1639 as well as chartering the colonie's first bank in 1674 and the publishing to the nation's first long-running newspaper, the Boston News-Letter in 1704.

Boston was also a pioneer in opposing British rule. Protests over the Stamp Act of 1765 and the Townshend Acts of 1767 led to the Boston Massacre in 1770. In 1773, Samuel Adams and supporters participated in the Boston Tea Party to protest the Tea Act of 1773. Later in 1775, the Minutemen fought British troops who were intent on seizing weapons stockpiled in Concord, just west of Boston. With warnings from Paul Revere and William Dawes, the Minutemen were well prepared to win what would become the first battle of the American Revolutionary War.

Following the Revolution, Boston became more ethnically and religiously diverse. Most notably, in the mid-1880s when Boston manufacturing expanded, the city saw an influx of Irish peasants seeking refuge from the potato famines in Ireland who sought work in Boston's factories and on the wharves. Boston was the home of the New England Anti-Slavery Society, founded in 1832 and, by the Civil War, Boston was the center of the Abolitionist Movement and a stop on the Underground Railroad, which aided escaping slaves.

Boston's manufacturing declined during the first decade of the 20th century, but was replaced with the development of service industries, banking and finance, and retailing and wholesaling. As early as the 1950's, Boston was emerging as a leader in the nacent computer and high-tech industries. The city enjoyed success in these industries until the late 1980s when these industries would also begin to falter. Even so, Boston reinvented itself again, this time leading the way in healthcare and biotechnology.

Boston and its surrounding suburbs make it the leading center of… [read more]

Mounting Effort for Educators, Researchers Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,571 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


This is particularly appealing as it encourages mutual professional respect. In addition, it may prove a fertile ground for professional development. As teachers from various backgrounds interact, they will inevitably share their experiences and teaching techniques, strategies, and methodologies with their colleagues. This rich exchange can foster educators to take risks and try new activities and practices in their classrooms. What's more, with a spirit of collaboration, faculty members may experience an increased commitment to their schools, students, and careers. Obviously, this translates into more dynamic and positive classroom atmospheres. Students are likely to indirectly benefit from a more cohesive faculty body.

To summarize, education is increasingly becoming a collective and incorporated experience. Art education, in particular, is enjoying an expanded scope. Science, mathematics, and the performing arts are not only applicable to the art studio but the reverse practice is valid. 'Core' subject teachers are gradually, and many times emphatically, embracing art in their respective classrooms. This curricular overlapping has been stimulated by research. However, it is also a response to budget crises. Regardless of the reasons, an interwoven approach to curriculum provides learners with a more rewarding and enduring educational experience.


Armstrong, Thomas (1996). Multiple Intelligences in the Classroom. Virginia:

Association for Supervision & Curriculum Development.

Prince, Eileen S. (2002). Art Matters: Strategies, Ideas, and Activities to Strengthen

Learning Across the Curriculum. Chicago: Zephyr Press.

Schubert, Marie B., Melnick, Steven A. (1997). The Arts in Curriculum Integration.

Hilton Head, SC: Annual Meeting of the Eastern Educational Research

Association. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 424151)

Stapleton, Philomena (1999). Schooling Through the…… [read more]

Mozart's Don Giovanni a Group Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (969 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Meanwhile, "Elvira never lets Don Giovanni out of her sight."

Leporello, attempting to help Giovanni, forcibly takes Masetto and makes him dance without Zerlina. This trickery allows the Don to take Zerlina away and persuades her to join in the "German Dance," which is a lively measure popular among the villagers. "Giovanni dances with Zerlina and drags her into another room while Leporello distracts Masetto,"

but when Zerlina's screams are heard by the partygoers, Masetto, alarmed, hurries to find her. However, when Giovanni reappear he tries to pass Leporello off as the wrongdoer. The masked trio then removes their disguises and makes threats to Don Giovanni. The Don manages to hold them off with his sword, cowardly uses Leporello as a human shield to their attacks, and makes his escape.

Among Mozart's opera's Don Giovanni is truly a unique character. Rather than the deeply distressed lovers that fill many of his other operas, in Don Giovanni the audience is presented an almost demonic hero, who behaves appallingly throughout the entirety of the opera, until he is finally cast down to hell. Despite the observations that much of the play is designed to be comical, the driving energy of it comes through Mozart's musical score, which is powerfully animalistic. In fact, George Bernard Shaw wrote of the score, "The music sounds like ghostly echoes from another world. . . . The roots of my hair stirred; and I recoiled as from the actual presence of Hell."

Additionally, there appear to be two competing pulls throughout the opera: supernaturalism and realism. Yet, though realism is striven for, there is never any depreciation of the musical expression. "So he succeeds in raising everything to an extraordinary level, intensifying every passion to breaking point, even summoning transcendental powers with whom he may well have communicated at this time in many a quiet hour."

It should not be surprising, therefore, that at the time the opera was first performed it seemed destructive and immoral to many who saw it. This feeling is reflected in the dynamics of the composition, which swings between the most extreme limits of expression with virtually no transitions. Still, the fusion that occurs fundamentally surrounds the competing pulls of the characters; they represent different worlds, and the contrasts in the music reflect the contrasts in their natures.

Works Cited:

1. Abert, Hermann. 1976, Mozart's Don Giovanni, Eulernburg Books, London.

2. Lenton Sarah. 2004, Don Giovanni Mozart, London Coliseum, London.

3. Martin, Nicholas Ivor. 1997, The Da Capo Opera Manual, Da Capo Press, New York.

4. Mozart, W.A. 1948, Don Giovanni, G. Schirmer Inc., New York.

Mozart, W.A. 1948, Don Giovanni, G. Schirmer Inc., New York. Page, 7.

Abert, Hermann. 1976, Mozart's Don Giovanni, Eulernburg Books, London. Page, 44.

Abert, 45.

Martin, Nicholas Ivor. 1997, The Da Capo Opera…… [read more]

Paul Taylor Since His First Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,916 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


" (Paul Taylor Dance Company)


Taylor has not been actively dancing for the past two decades but has been deeply involved in the running of his company and encouraging new talent. His main inspiration is still to be found on the streets and in everyday life. His work continues to act as artistic inspiration for many. In 2004 The Taylor Foundation launched a 50 state tour of America in celebration of the company's 50th anniversary. Paul Taylor is the recipient of over forty awards and six Honorary Doctorates. He has also written his autobiography, Private Domain which was published to popular acclaim.


Barnes, Clive. "Exquisitely Taylor-Made." Dance Magazine July 2000: 82. Questia. 10 Feb. 2005 http://www.questia.com

Barnes, Clive. "Paul Taylor Dance Company." Dance Magazine June 1999: 81. Questia. 10 Feb. 2005 http://www.questia.com

Cox, Gail. "Open to Joy." Dance Magazine Mar. 1999: 84. Questia. 10 Feb. 2005 http://www.questia.com

BIOGRAPHY OF PAUL TAYLOR. John F, Keenedy Centre for the Performing Arts. Febraury7, 2005. http://www.kennedy-center.org/calendar/index.cfm?fuseaction=showIndividual& entitY_id=3518& source_type=A

Emerson, Isabelle, ed. Twentieth-Century American Music for the Dance: A Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1996.

Greskovic, Robert. "Field of Dreams." Dance Magazine Feb. 1994: 138+. Questia. 10 Feb. 2005 http://www.questia.com

Hardy, Camille. "Quality Comes First in Second Companies." Dance Magazine Nov. 1995: 70+. Questia. 10 Feb. 2005 http://www.questia.com

Jacobs, Laura. "Taylor's Domain." New Criterion May 2001: 47. Questia. 10 Feb. 2005 http://www.questia.com

Kaufman, S. Paul Taylor's Marvelous Melting Pot. Washington Post. December 18, 2004; Page C01. Accessed February 8, 2005. http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A9396-2004Dec17?language=printer

PAUL TAYLOR: ACTS OF ARDOUR. BBC. February 6, 2005. http://www.bbc.co.uk/bbcfour/music/features/taylor.shtml

Paul Taylor Dance Company. February 9, 2005.


Paul Taylor: PBS. February 9, 2005. .http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/database/taylor_p.html

Reinhart, Charles L. "Paul Taylor 70th A Birthday Remembrance." Dance Magazine July 2000: 40. Questia. 10 Feb. 2005 http://www.questia.com

Reiter, Susan. "Kate Johnson: All the Right Moves; a Leading Interpreter of Paul Taylor Changes Troupes and Shifts into High Gear." Dance Magazine Mar. 1994: 44+. Questia. 10 Feb. 2005 http://www.questia.com

Samuels, Shayna. "Paul Taylor On-Screen and Onstage." Dance Magazine Mar. 1999: 46. Questia. 10 Feb. 2005 http://www.questia.com

Sandler, Irving. From the Late 1960s to the Early 1990s. New York: Icon Editions, 1996.

Teck, Katherine. Music for the Dance: Reflections on a Collaborative Art. New York: Greenwood Press, 1989.

Tobias, Anne. "Rachel Berman: Tayor Made." Dance Magazine Mar. 1997: 64+. Questia. 10 Feb. 2005 http://www.questia.com

Tomalonis, Alexandra.…… [read more]

Martha Graham Dancing Appears Glamorous Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,154 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


That is the essential -- that the audience should enter in and feel what the dancer is trying to express. (Daily Worker).

Between 1935 and 1945, Graham evolved almost as much as she had during the first decade of her company. Her work contained humor, satire and brilliance along with the seriousness and sobriety of earlier years. She was always surprising her audience by coming up with something new and willing to take risks. Looking back on her previous years, she said, "I'm afraid I used to hit audiences over the head with a sledgehammer because I was so determined that they see and feel what I was trying to do" (Gardner 286).

In 1944, Graham produced one of her best known works, "Appalachian Spring" composed by Aaron Copland. "Appalachian Spring" relates the story of a young married couple who takes possession of their newly built homestead during the American frontier of the early nineteenth century. The source of stability and support in the small community is represented by an older pioneer woman. The focus is directed toward the moods and emotions of the main characters, their strengths, religious spirit, hopes, fears, and expectations for the future in the newly settled land. The work features solitary dances as well as ensemble square dances -- from fun to seriousness and back again. Graham appears as many different characters. The play "confirms the central, celebratory role that America plays in Martha Graham's work ....But the power of the work derives equally from its most universal aspects: the feelings surrounding both religious and secular life, homestead and open space, isolation and intimacy..." It was a panorama of life (Gardner 290).

Adds De Mille: "The treatment of the lovers and their taking over of a new house and a new farm is superbly simple and moving" (261)

Putting the art form of dance into words is nearly impossible. It is better to look at the photographs and films of Graham and her dancers to truly understand what they successfully attempted while she was in her prime. Even if she had stopped dancing in the 1940s, she still would have been recognized as one of the greatest American artists.

Artists often exist on a tightrope, notes Gardner in his book about Graham, and this dancer was no different. She had to be fully engaged, continually. To perform was to be alive, to realize her full persona. However, the stress took its toll. Depression, drinking and mood swings in the later years became a part of her daily repertoire. She stopped dancing for a couple of years, then returned when this became unbearable. She continued to dance into her seventies. Because her mind and body remained relatively young, Graham was able to create to her last days.

To me, this acquirement of nervous, physical, and emotional concentration is the one element possessed to the highest degree by the truly great dancers of the world. Its acquirement is the result of discipline, of energy in the deep… [read more]

Eugene O'neill -1953) Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,317 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


But the style in which this element has been used differs dramatically so much so that the two plays appear as if they were written by two different authors.

ALDJN is a beautiful play, which almost every reader can relate. It revolves around the theme of family and personal problems, denial, escape and man's natural reaction to cruel circumstances. It… [read more]

Tennessee Williams Biography Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (663 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Williams' mother was a controlling woman, like Amanda in the play. Laura, the protagonist's disabled sister, is often compared to Williams' own sister, Rose, for whom he cared for much of her life as an adult. His mother in fact approved a frontal lobotomy on his sister, which was greatly disturbing to the playwright. Despite the wide acclaim of this play, some critics have been negative. One reviewer for example mentions a deficiency in humor (Evans in Devlin 14). However, despite the grimness of the plot, Williams insists that there is a subtle humor that runs along with the plot. The strength of his characters for example precludes humor of the frivolous, slap-stick kind.

Streetcar Named Desire

This play concerns Blanche, a lonely, unhappy and weak woman. Sometimes during the play it becomes possible to think of her as slightly unstable. "Desire" appears to be the operative word in the title. There is much that Blanche desires, but that she just didn't get. This is then all she has left as a buffer between her and total despair. Reviewers are favorably inclined towards the play. Clive Barnes for example mentions the humor of the contrast in pretension between the refined Blanche and the oafish Stan (Falk 61).

Cat on a Hot Tin Roof

Williams here attempts to universalize his themes. He attempts to write into his characters recognizable human qualities that all of his audience can identify with (Waters in Devlin 37). A particular issue addressed by reviewers is Brick and homosexuality (Falk 87). Williams' work is of course influenced by the fact of his own homosexuality.


Cash, E.W. "Tennessee Williams." 16 May, 2003. http://www.olemiss.edu/depts/english/ms-writers/dir/williams_tennessee/

Evans, J. "The Life and Ideas of Tennessee Williams."

In Conversations with Tennessee Williams edited by Albert J. Devlin, London: University Press of Mississippi, 1985.

Falk, S.L. Tennessee Williams. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1985.

Waters, A.B. "Tennessee Williams: Ten Years Later." In Conversations with Tennessee Williams edited by…… [read more]

Serge Diaghilev and the Ballets Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,158 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Diaghilev's ballets are some of the most important works ever created. Numbering more than 60, the most well-known include Les Sylphides (1909), The Firebird (1910), Le Spectre de la Rose (1911), Petroushka (1911), Afternoon of a Faun (1912), The Rite of Spring (1913), The Song of the Nightingale (1920), Apollo (1928), and Prodigal Son (1929). The life and death of an individual ballet is often as short as that of the phoenix, but many of Diaghilev's ballets are still performed even to this day.

In order to ensure that his tradition would survive him, Diaghilev trained his regisseur Serge Grigoriev to follow in his footsteps. Grigoriev was the rehearsal director for the Ballets Russes and the only one of Diaghilev's colleagues to remain with the company until it was disbanded in 1929, after Diaghilev's death in Venice, Italy. After that Grigoriev's career included many notable productions: he was the producer of the revivals of Fokine ballets for Sadler's Wells Ballet, which later became the Royal Ballet, the rehearsal director of Massine ballets, and he staged ballets for the London Festival Ballet, and La Scala, Milan (Fowler and Atkinson "A Tribute to Serge Grigoriev"). His most famous and influential productions are The Firebird (1954), Les Sylphides (1954), and Petrushka (1954).

After Diaghilev died, creditors claimed the company and its properties and the company members scattered. But the tradition founded by Diaghilev lived on as the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo and the Original Ballet Russe (Souche). These offshoots of Diaghilev's Ballets Russes had an impact that reached all over the world. Anna Pavlova formed her own company and toured all over the world. Fokine went on to work with many companies, such as the American Ballet Theatre. Two former members of the Ballets Russes, Dame Marie Rambert and Dame Ninette de Valois became the founders of British ballet. Balanchine went to work in the United States, and Lifar worked at the Paris Opra and dominated French ballet for many years (Tsiounis).

It's easy to see that through Diaghilev, the influence of Russian ballet continues even today. In 1956, the Russian ballet companies the Bolshoi and Kirov performed in the West for the first time. This paved the way for the defection of such great Soviet dancers as Rudolf Nureyev and Mikhail Baryshnikov, who later became the director of the American Ballet Theatre in New York City from 1980 to 1989 (Tsiounis).

Diaghilev and his Ballets Russes had an incredible impact on the world of ballet thanks to his great ability to bring out the creative gifts of those with whom he worked. If not for Diaghilev, the world might never have realized the genius of such artists as Nijinsky, Balanchine, and Stravinsky and certainly, the world of ballet would be different from what it has become today.

Works Cited

Cochran, Alex. "Serge Pavlovich Diaghilev." An Interdisciplinary Study of St. Petersburg, 1855-1928 22 July 2002 http://webserver.rcds.rye.ny.us/id/Dance/Cochran/Cochran's%20Page.

Fowler, Jim and Caz Atkinson. "A Tribute to Serge Diaghilev." De MontFort University 27 October 1997.… [read more]

Why Winston Comes to Love Big Brother Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (770 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Winston's arrest and torture change the direction of his quest for truth and resistance to Big Brother. His spirit from the beginning is one that questions and reacts and looks for meaning -- but with the realization that O'Brien is a fraud and that there is no savior (even in the form of a razorblade -- "they would send the razorblade if they could"), his hope and spirit are crushed (Orwell 289). This paper will discuss how Winston is changed in prison from being a resister to being a genuine supporter of Big Brother -- how, in a totalitarian, authoritative system of government, cultivating loyalty is simply a matter of stomping out any trace of one's will that seeks a higher purpose, value, good, or truth, and crushing it into oblivion.

Winston's conversion into a suppliant servant of Big Brother is essentially like a lobotomy -- a part of him is cut out through the torture process -- and what is left is a shell of the former self. But, of course, that is all Big Brother really wants in a citizen -- an empty husk of a person that it can control like a programmed robot. Thus, in this sense, Winston's love for Big Brother is not really a question of sincerity since the mere capability of sincerity has been removed from him through fear and torture: Winston, thanks to O'Brien's beatings and Big Brother's dominance (and his own lack of faith in anything higher), becomes an automaton and simply agrees to do as he is told. He is told to love Big Brother, so he will.

Winston did not know that O'Brien was a part of the Party. He trusted him and threw himself into his arms, caught up in the emotion of the moment, of the transgression -- ready to fight and follow. However, it is here that one might question Winston's sincerity: what motivates him to resist Big Brother and join O'Brien initially? His motives are still vague, though oriented towards truth and justice. They are not grounded, however. Julia is a weak anchor -- which is shown when she later betrays Winston (as he does to her, indicating that neither really had a strong mooring in the first place). Sincerity is, moreover, a weak indicator of moral good: one can…… [read more]

Analyzing the Don Quixote Book Report

Book Report  |  3 pages (1,405 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Don Quixote

Miguel de Cervantes' novel, Don Quixote, follows the notion that a common objective of honor is what drives an individual's thoughts and actions, which acquire depth through duty (McGuire, n.d.) Don Quixote's enduring spirit may be evidenced by the author's statement that "For neither good nor evil can last forever; and so it follows that as evil has… [read more]

Charlotte Bronte S Jane Eyre Romance Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,377 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Jane Eyre

Of Jane's character, one learns in her resistance to Rochester's demands and expectations that she is master of herself -- a quality that does her well throughout the novel. From the beginning, she avoids being crushed by bullies, endures the sorrows of school, and manages to find employment -- all on her own and all because she possesses strength of character and of self-determination. By the time she takes up residence at Rochester's Jane is an educated woman, capable of educating others; she has dignity because she values what is right and conforms her will to right principles; she does not yield to anyone who attempts to impose himself upon her or to cast her and her principles under foot. She is a woman who has transcended her surroundings to reach a higher plane, and from that plane no one -- not even Rochester -- can tear her down.

In terms of Bronte's theme throughout the novel, Jane's resistance to Rochester elaborates on the concept of men and women in society engaging in an inauthentic manner. Jane is for authenticity -- but also for respect, manners, dignity and truthfulness. At the same time, she has a romantic soul and yearns for love (it has been absent much of her life, and aside from a few instances, such as when she befriends Helen Burns and Miss Temple at Lowood), and she is naturally attracted to Rochester, whose masculine, brooding but witty and blunt character prods at something deep within Jane. She is drawn to him just as he is drawn to her, as his dressing up as the gypsy in chapter 19 to probe more deeply into Jane's heart shows.

Jane senses that she is being probed and with the arrival of Lady Ingram, she senses competition -- or at least that Rochester may marry a girl who is beneath him -- and surely beneath her, though their stations in life would not indicate it. Jane is a noble soul, if not of the noble classes -- and this is why Rochester secretly admires her: she is intelligent, sharp, talented (can read, draw, perceive and argue very well -- and, best of all, she shows no real fear of him). Indeed, even if Jane repulses Rochester and resists him, she still calls him "my master" in a way that suggests that Jane is more willing to submit to him than she lets on (Bronte 394).

This implication, which Bronte allows the reader to draw, suggests that one of Bronte's themes is the way in which men and women are to be united. The mysterious and dark secret hinted at in chapter 20 indicates that Rochester is hiding something at his dwellings -- but there is no hint of judgment on Jane's part, only a desire to support her "master," and this after her interaction with Rochester "the gypsy." Jane may resist Rochester, but she is for him -- in the sense that she supports him, serves him, and attempts… [read more]

Angelica Kauffmann Cornelia Presenting Her Children or Mother of the Gracchi Chapter Writing

Chapter Writing  |  4 pages (1,362 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Angelica Kauffmann, Cornelia Presenting Her Children as Her Treasures or Mother of the Gracchi, 1785

Initial Reaction to the Work

Initial thoughts and/or feelings about the work

This work is subtly colored and deeply filled with felt sentiment. Most neoclassical works are known for their coldness and lack of emotional vitality, but here we have a picture that has a touch of simple humanity. The expression worn by the anonymous matron is probably the picture's most priceless element. She seems to ask if you mean that the pearls are not any better (Abbott, 2013).

Aspect of the work that most interests you

I believe this painting is an elegant and classy one with a very sweet message for all. The painting has a rather simple composition, two columns and four figures. Yet, it seems to contain a whole lot of details. The folds and the ruffles found in the clothes are naturally draped round the figures and the curls, and fluffiness found in the hair of the children almost seems tangible. I'm also thrilled by the color combination of yellows, pinks, a tan grey, oranges, gentle, light, so soft, and sweet. I believe all these work together to pass the artwork's ultimate message to art lovers (Art History & the Art of History, 2014).


Historical context of the period in which the work was written

The Enlightenment can be said to be an association of 18th Europe intellectuals, and with everyone of the then religious unrest its major goal of advancing knowledge by refining science was upheld.

It was quite opposed to intolerant, abusive practices that happened in the state and the church. It had its headquarters in France, and philosophers like John Locke and Pierre Locke set the ball rolling. The political ethics backing it influenced the creation of the American declaration of Independence. Monarchy's divine right reason and democratic values originated from here; this would later result in religious tolerance and capitalism. Natural philosophy and science would always replace religion as the most efficient way to understand nature, with most people subscribing to secular views in the society.

The general public had more access to printed materials: the prices of books fell and were quite cheap, and were mostly sold during fairs. The number of newspapers rose and periodicals got more popular, and so did essay writing. The latest editions of scholar's books had digests and indexes summarize them and make them more popular to a larger audience. The level of education among the public was at its all time high as knowledge had become broader and more accessible, not just for the members of the upper classes anymore. More than 50% of all men were basically educated, which was seen as a very dramatic rise. There were a lot of written sermons, prophecies and religious controversy dissertations circulating everywhere. It was easy for almost everyone to become a published author. The conventionally village lifestyle was replaced by a fenced land enclosure, which made farming unpopular and… [read more]

Frontier Pioneer Genre and Willa Cather Chapter Writing

Chapter Writing  |  2 pages (684 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Wagner Matinee - By: Willa Cather

Willa Cather wrote "A Wagner Matinee" in the pioneer-realist genre, combining depictions of two sides of American society and contrasting them -- the civilized "European" side of American society (Boston in this story) and the pioneer front (Nebraska in this story) and displaying the effects of each on the characters in the story. Cather, here, attempts to accurately and realistically represent two aspects of American life and provoke empathy and sympathy in the reader by depicting the hardships and the sacrifices and the deep passion and love that relate to the difficult choices one must make. For example, Cather describes Georgiana's love for music, which she tells her nephew Clark that he should pray he never has to give up (even though it is a sacrifice that she will make by eloping and moving away from Boston to Nebraska).

The overall theme of this story is the concept that classical music is powerful and has a sustaining character to it: people need it -- Georgiana needs it and her life on the frontier is incomplete and very hard without it. It gives something back to one's humanity, rejuvenates the soul, makes life bearable, and uplifts the spirit. It is the reason Georgiana cries, "I don't want to go, Clark, I don't want to go!" at the end of the story -- she does not want to leave the world of Wagner and return to the stale, tired hardships that await her in Nebraska.

Even though the setting of the story is Boston, the frontier life of Nebraska is described in detail in order to give backstory to Georgiana's character and Clark's assessment of her.

Clark picks Georgiana up from the train station upon her arrival in Boston and takes her to his lodgings where she spends a day resting and recuperating from her long journey. He then arranges for them to attend a symphony performance of selections from the works of Wagner. He regrets doing this because he thinks it may be hard on…… [read more]

Fahrenheit 451 Ray Bradbury S Idea of Censoship and Its Effects Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (1,686 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … Harmful Concept

The Product of Conformity

Censorship as a Tool to Control the Population

Censorship's effect on society

Ray Bradbury's dystopian novel "Fahrenheit 451" provides readers with a view into a future where books are considered illegal and there is a special unit of 'firemen' tasked with the mission of burning every book they come across. One of… [read more]

Hawthorne and the Curse of Fate Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,313 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Ambitious Guest

What do you think Hawthorne is saying about the concept of ambition in this story?

Ambition is not something which is good in and of itself. The ambitious guest is meant to strike the reader as extremely arrogant and focused on the unimportant things of life. While the family is interested in supporting one another in their close-knit little community, the guest only cares about what other people will think of him after he dies. He does not seem to have any particular ambition to improve society or create something like great art, he simply wishes to be famous. Being ambitious is not necessarily bad in and of itself, according to the story. But that ambition must have a purpose. It must be designed to serve a greater good, not simply to have a monument after one is dead.

Q2. What do you think he is saying about fate?

Another foolish aspect of ambition and worrying about one's future death is that no human being can control fate. It may be possible that inadvertently one gains renown after one has died. This is the case with the family, who are famous because of their tragic death and the objects they leave behind when they are fleeing the rockslide. But this is due to fate, not something that they consciously calculate and achieve. Fate, more than the individual's own will, is ultimately more important in one's final destiny. Also, the idea of being famous is not necessarily particularly desirable given that the family becomes famous for dying in a tragic fashion, not necessarily in a way that they could enjoy.

Q3. Are these concepts opposed to each other in this story?

The concepts of fate and ambition are juxtaposed in the story, at least the type of ambition articulated by the guest. The ambitious guest clearly wishes to control his fate, including how he is perceived after he will die. However, Hawthorne's narrative suggests that such control is ultimately impossible. Fate, more so than an individual's will determines fame. In resisting fate, the guest shows hubris, which was considered to be the worst of all flaws: "The secret of the young man's character was a high and abstracted ambition. He could have borne to live an undistinguished life, but not to be forgotten in the grave" (Hawthorne 300). The young man thinks he can control external reality, an idea which is mocked by the rockslide.


Q4, Hawthorne's narrator asks, "What sort of a man is Wakefield?" -- and so will I -- describe his character and cite evidence from the story to back up your claims about him.

Rather than cruel, Wakefield seems more like a passive and timid man who is afraid of life and prefers to watch it going by than participating in it. He is without significant empathy for his wife, however, and makes excuses about why he cannot return. His wife seems to have the greatest insight about his character. "She, without… [read more]

Family Interactions in the Watsons Go to Birmingham 1963 Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (674 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Watsons Go to Birmingham-1963

The family dynamics of the Watson Family are "weird" as the main character and narrator of the novel says (Curtis 1). At the beginning of the story, the family is huddled up together on the couch trying to stay warm under a blanket. They live in Michigan so it is very cold there and the mother of the family is from Alabama so she hates this weather and says so be shooting evil looks at her husband. The husband/father of Kenny (the narrator) tries not to pay attention to these looks -- but they represent some unpleasant relationship. For example, Kenny tells the reader that "she always blamed him for bringing her all the way from Alabama to Michigan" (Curtis 2). This suggests that there is some bitterness and resentment on the mother's part. This resentment explodes in an outburst when Momma yells at her husband, "Daniel Watson, you are one lying man! Only thing you said that was true was that being in Flint was like living in an igloo" (Curtis 4).

However, when Kenny's brother Byron gets in trouble, it seems to make sense that the family go south to Birmingham where it is warmer and where it is believed that Byron will get in less trouble. Byron is a practical joker who likes to pull pranks on Kenny, who is his little brother, so Kenny is suspicious of Byron's motives, as he has learned to be on his guard. Yet by the end of the story, Kenny has to rely on By in order to understand what happens in the church, when it is blown up. By may like to play tricks on his little brother but it is all in good fun. When it comes to reality and understanding the real world, By wants to help his little brother to see how things really are, to see that racism really exists and that they have to be careful as a result.

The mother and father, however, don't…… [read more]

Analyzing Crime in Literature and Film Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,545 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … totality of the experience of reading and watching these works, and given that crime in some form lies at the heart of each story, what do these works tell us, explicitly or implicitly, about human nature?

"The Great Gatsby," by F. Scott Fitzgerald

Jay Gatsby is a wealthy man with lots of material belongings. He often throws parties… [read more]

Wonderful Horrible Life of POCAHONTAS1 Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,369 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5




A thorough summary of the event, including the incidents that took place and the key individuals involved

Supposedly the beloved daughter of the Algonquin chief Powhatan, Pocahontas donated knowingly to the early existence of the Jamestown colony and participated in a brief but melodramatic role in English imperial publicity. Her premature death in 1617 cut short her successful mediation among the Powhatan Indians and the settlement. Both before her intervention and long after her demise, Jamestown -- the first lasting English settlement in North America -- was unwarranted, mainly for the reason that of Indian aggression to the colony and its development.

Right after Smith's homecoming to England, Pocahontas vanishes for more than a few years from the historical record. Pocahontas may have married an Indian, restarted her appropriate name of Matoaka and avoided the English, who, up under Sir Thomas Dale, were at battling with the Powhatan (Rountree, 2009). In 1613, in order to force Powhatan's offer, Capt. Samuel enticed Pocahontas to come on board a ship and at that point held her hostage. All through a lengthy imprisonment, she was transformed to Christianity by the Reverend Alexander Whitaker and then they baptized her with the new name of "Rebecca." In 1614, Pocahontas wedded John Rolfe, a projecting colonist and recent widower. Powhatan reluctantly settled to a truce with the society that continued until 1622.

The importance of the event in the larger scope of U.S. history

This event was important because The Virginia Company of London rapidly acknowledged Pocahontas's huge propaganda assessment as an example of Anglo-Indian accord, of missionary achievement among the aboriginals, and of the view that Indians could be convinced to accept English customs. To fascinate new settlers and fresh reserves, the corporation in 1616 transported the Rolfes, their son, named Thomas, and a support of a dozen or so Native Americans to England (POCAHONTAS, 2016). Pocahontas was able to meet numerous of the era's major people, was offered at court, and had her picture decorated. She likewise took ill, perhaps from sicknesses that had no American matching part. However, Pocahontas died in 1617, after boarding ship for to come all the way back to Virginia, and was then buried some place in England. This event was important because with the death of Pocahontas and, not long after, of Powhatan, the delicate peace among settlers and Indians worn. Oddly, the Indians' major complaint was the settlers' voracious demand for land, activated mainly by windfall incomes from the tobacco classes presented by John Rolfe.

How the event changed the daily life of the person from whose perspective you are writing

Pocahontas life changed dramatically because she more than likely saw white men for the first time in May of 1607. This took place right when Englishmen made it to Jamestown. The one she discovered to be most pleasant was Captain John Smith. The first meeting of Pocahontas and John Smith changed the events of her life because today, it is known as a legendary… [read more]

Analysis of Shakespeare Tragedy Book Report

Book Report  |  2 pages (861 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Hamlet Review & Analysis

The author of this response has been asked to provide a brief report and analysis of the Shakespearian play Hamlet. Like many Shakespeare plays, there is a lot of death and tragedy. The nexus and focus of Hamlet is the untimely death of his father. As it turns out, his father was murdered. However, whether and to what degree that Hamlet acts is in question at first due to him questioning his conscience and what is really going on. In the end, a lot of people end up dying and a lot of those deaths are caused directly or indirectly by Prince Hamlet himself. While there is a bit of resolution at the end of Hamlet, the circuitous path that is taken from start to finish is bloody, violent and full of death.


Hamlet's initial anger about the death of his father is actually entirely justified. Indeed, he is the heir to the throne but that is bypassed when the Queen decides to wed Claudius, the brother of the deceased King. As one might expect, Hamlet is quite enraged about this due to the denial of Hamlet as the rightful heir not to mention how rather incestuous the development becomes even if the new couple is not related by blood. While the path of succession does not work this way in modern politics, it would be like Jeb Bush marrying Laura Bush if George W. Bush were to pass away. However, things start to get cloudy for Prince Hamlet. He is visited by what is ostensibly the ghost of this father. The ghost imparts to the Prince that he had poison poured in his ear as he slept and this is what caused his death and relegated him to wander around in Purgatory. The prince's initial reaction is understandable as he becomes enraged and resolves to get revenge. However, he pauses for a bit and questions whether the ghost is real and whether he is indeed considering this the right way. For a time, he is paralyzed with his thoughts and is unsure what to do. However, he eventually decides to do a bit of a test to see if the ghost is truly accurate. He does this by enlisting the services of an acting troupe and he changes their Gonzago play to his adaptation, known as The Mousetrap. The Prince changes the details from the former to the latter in a way that will set off Cladius if the ghost's account of the King's demise is accurate. Sure enough, the play does precisely that…… [read more]

Anaylzing the Superpower and Vacations Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (608 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … superpower, what would it be and how would you use it?

I have come across this question several times and never have I hesitated and answered 'invisibility' right away. Invisibility was introduced to me in Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone and from then on, I have always wanted to have a similar cloak that would help me hide from situations that I avoid in my real life. A lot of people choose invisibility for negative purposes like robbing and stealing, so there is a chance of power abuse with it, but I on the other hand, would use it for different purposes.

Travelling is something that excites me, so I would use my superpower to go to places without having any worry or saving money or applying for visas of different countries. I would even use it to sneak out during late nights and not fear from creepy people that roam around the streets at night. Thinking from a different perspective, choosing a super power reveals a person's personality as well. I have a very reserved personality and a lot of times want to stay away from the prying eyes of the people around me; with the power of invisibility, I would be in the same room with people, standing inches away, without them realizing my presence.

I don't like to be in the spotlight most of the time, so this particular superpower is a perfect option for me to cover my hesitations. It's a fantasy waiting to be fulfilled that is never going to, so I can only pretend to be invisible in situations that I am not comfortable in.

Imagine and create a holiday, describe how u celebrate it

Being a huge fan of the Harry Potter series, I would create an eight-day holiday in which people would celebrate…… [read more]

Hippolyta in Midsummer Night S Dream Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,096 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … women as is portrayed and explained in Shakesphere's Midsummer Night's Dream. Just as with modern society, there is a clear dichotomy between how some people view and treat women and how others do the same, even if the prevalence of the oppressive faction of people who view women as inferior was much more vocal at the time. Even so, there was a grand amount of courting, wooing and overtures towards women in those days and in the work of Shakespeare. There will be a particular focus on the Hippolyta character as she is obviously plays a pivotal part in the action and portrayal of women in the work. While many things have changed over the years when it comes to the perception and treatment of women, many other things have stayed much the same.


While it is commonly known that women were subjugated in prior centuries much more so than they are now, the treatment of Hippolyta in Midsummer was a clear departure from that pattern. Indeed, the Amazon women were held in a different light and to a different standard. As explained by Bingham while quoting Calderwood, the Amazons were typified by a "feminine world rich with all the mysteries of fertility, conception, pregnancy and birth that women (but not men) can treat with easy familiarity" (Bingham, 2007). The snipped presented by Bingham on the first page of her dissertation, which includes the phrase "Hippolyta, I woo'd thee with my sword" also advances this narrative. Indeed, Bingham rightly points out that this verbiage about the Amazons and the general woman-related comments that accompany those mentions align with the feminist view of women rather than that of people that would see them as inferior and beneath men in terms of stature and so on (Bingham, 2007).

The view of the Amazons was often that of awe and fascination. However, this was certainly not true of all men at the time. Indeed, many men were concerned about the power and assertiveness of Amazons as it disrupted the "domestic order" that many men of that day saw as necessary and "proper" for women to ascribe and adhere to. As one might expect, there is a sharp condemnation of Amazon-esque behavior. Bingham mentions the Homily of Obedience and, within that document, contrasts "proper" female behavior with what is typified by Amazon women like Hippolyta. Further, marriage to women was seen as a "tool" to curtail and control women that would deign to be independent and powerful like the Amazons. They would also seek to minimize the grace, power of fertility and other traits specific or especially typified in women so as to not be diminished in comparison or otherwise made to feel subservient or inferior to women. To state the obvious, this sort of feeling and the portrayal of Amazons (including Hippolyta) very much ran against the grain of what many men and rules wished or preferred to see in those days (Bingham, 2007).

Even with this clear mistreatment and… [read more]

Antigone the Game of Fate Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (920 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Game of Fate

Sophocles is acknowledged as one of the most distinguished playwrights in Ancient Greece. More so, he was renowned to be great at creating tragedies. Fate is a recurrent theme not only in Sophocles' plays, but also in majority of Greek drama. Divine law is considered to be the decrees and instructions handed out directly from the gods. In accordance to ancient Greek mythology, it is believed that each God possessed specific and distinctive power that could either be of assistance to the lives of mortals or have an adverse impact on them. The role of the Gods brings about the aspect of fate, which is portrayed in the eventual death of Antigone. Sophocles lays emphasis in Antigone that the will of the Gods is to be undertaken as an inevitability by the people and that fate would have control and say in all of the lives of the characters within the play.


The destiny and fate of Antigone is one of foreordainment, an undertaking of the gods, which commences with her ill-starred family and Creon's ruling, and culminates with her own individual actions. It is stated that irrespective of actions and deeds of the characters, more often than not, he or she is not able to evade or fight fate. Plays in ancient Greece consist dominantly of a conception of fate, that decrees every action undertaken by, and every expression articulated by a character. Antigone, the character presented by Sophocles is no different as fate controls a number of aspects of her life in a number ways, starting with her ancestry. To begin with, Antigone was a child that emanated from an incestuous relationship that took place between Oedipus and Jocasta. With her family lineage and ancestry having been cursed, it was suggestive that Antigone was also ordained to experience the curse. The actions undertaken by Oedipus are in contradiction to the wishes of the Gods and this forces the deities to resolve all what resulted out of his actions. Therefore, this portrays that Antigone is fated right from the point of her birth. It is deemed that the disobedient actions she partakes in are some of the strings pull with the intention of manipulating their dummy.


Destiny is what caused Oedipus to kill himself by cutting out his eyes. This providence caused Creon to become the new king of Thebes and thereafter in the play, the two sons of Oedipus to kill themselves. On the other hand, fate is seen with respect to Antigone as she was destined to die determined to honor her dead brother and be devoted to her family. For instance, she states, "My darling sister Ismene, we have had a fine inheritance from Oedipus. God has gone through the whole…… [read more]

Development of Rainer Maria Rilke Poetry Research Paper

Research Paper  |  7 pages (2,413 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … Rainer Maria Rilke's life experiences influence the poet's poetry?

Rainer Maria Rilke (1875-1926) -- acknowledged widely as one among the most poetically-intense of German-language poets --put in unique efforts to broaden the poetic realm by means of novel applications of imagery and syntax, and the philosophy dealt within his work (Poetry Foundation). This poet of Austrian origin composed… [read more]

Space and Identity in Martinique Analysis Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (1,831 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Space and Identity in Martinique

The writer introduces the article as a discussion of a research. He begins by explaining that studies done in the French West Indies (Martinique and Guadeloupe) had only in the last few years come to acknowledge the existence of a unique peasant society among the islands' plantation communities. The research shows that the fragmented and… [read more]

Tartuffe and Plato S Cave Allegory Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,288 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Seeing through the faAades:

Plato's allegory of the cave and Moliere's Tartuffe

The Greek philosopher Plato's allegory of the cave is one of the most famous metaphors in philosophy. It illustrates the imperfect nature of human perception and has inspired not only thinkers in the tradition of rationalistic philosophy but also artists in terms of how they view mimetic representation in drama and the other arts (Republic, VII. 5.4). In the metaphor, the cave-dwellers (all of humanity) sit, chained in place in front of a fire. The only thing they can see are the shadows on the wall of actual, real things created by "conjurers" which the cave-dwellers take for reality (Republic, VII. 5.4). The illusion is so powerful that if the cave-dwellers were actually forced to experience reality they likely would not be able to recognize it, at least not at first. This explains the concept of the Platonic ideal: Plato believe that an ideal, perfect form existed of every single object on earth but this idealized form was the true form and far superior to what human beings experienced in everyday life. These everyday representations were mere copies and shadows. "And once he's reached the sunlight, he wouldn't be able to see a single one of the things which are currently taken to be real ... because his eyes would be overwhelmed by the sun's beams" (Republic, VII. 5.4).

Although it is easy to dismiss the allegory as merely a philosophical exercise, the concept of the imperfect nature of reality versus the ideal is dramatically illustrated in the 19th century playwright Moliere's comedy Tartuffe, about a religious hypocrite. In the play, Tartuffe hoodwinks the wealthy Orgon into believing he is a good man while in fact Tartuffe is actually attempting to seduce Orgon's wife Elmire. Orgon mistakes the copy of virtue for what is real and by playing someone who is pious, Tartuffe for a time creates an image of piety far more perfect than anything that could exist in reality. It is not simply that Tartuffe is a fraud and a conjurer just like the conjurers in Plato's cave analogy; he deceives Orgon into believing the actual, truly good people around him are not and do not have his best interests at heart. "He pets and pampers him with lover more tender / Than any pretty mistress could engender" (Moliere 220). Orgon's worship of Tartuffe is far more morally blameworthy than the actions of Plato's cave-dwellers; unlike them, he has people around him who are capable of seeing the truth (although Plato might contend that philosophers like Socrates are the individuals that can prompt people to recognize the truth about the limited nature of their lives).

The fact that Orgon has become completely taken in by the machinations of Tartuffe is illustrated most dramatically in the fate of Orgon's daughter Mariane, whom Orgon attempts to betroth to Tartuffe, even though she loves Valere and Orgon originally promised Valere his daughter's hand in marriage. Tartuffe, far from elevating… [read more]

Why Zaeef S My Life With the Taliban Autobiography Is Relevant to the West Book Report

Book Report  |  3 pages (945 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Life With the Taliban

My Life with the Taliban is the autobiography of Abdul Salam Zaeef, former ambassador of Afghanistan and member of the Taliban. His personal history reflects a story deeply united to the history of Afghanistan and its various struggles over the decades. He fought against the Soviets when they invaded his country and knew Mullah Mohammad Omar, currently a Taliban leader.[footnoteRef:1] Throughout his tenure, Zaeef describes how he worked within the Taliban to negotiate with the outside world (such as oil companies) and to work towards a peaceful resolution within his own community, which was being shattered by factions fighting one another. Later, when the U.S. invaded the region, the West arrested Zaeef and he spent years in Guantanamo Bay and elsewhere in prison. Never charged or tried, he was finally released. His book highlights a number of themes that are important for officers in today's Army to understand. First for examining is the cultural context in which the enemy is situated. Just as in Vietnam, soldiers could benefit from understanding the Viet Cong and why they were fighting, in Afghanistan, a crucial aspect of the war Zaeef shows to the reader: to understand the Taliban and to see their reasons for fighting. Zaeef gives this perspective and provides useful intelligence for the Army in terms of combat training as well as negotiating terms of peace and withdrawal. A second key theme highlighted herein depicts the flagrant violation of international law (jailing an ambassador and never charging him with a crime) that the Army should consider, along with its concomitant blowback. In short, Zaeef shows that mutual respect can go a long way in reducing the conflict in conflict zones. [1: Abdul Salam Zaeef, My Life with the Taliban (UK: Hurst and Company, 2010), 42.]

The main theme of the book is the cultural awareness that Zaeef gives as he educates the reader on what life is like in Afghanistan and why one would want to fight with the Taliban. Zaeef notes that just because the West describes the Taliban as a terrorist organization does not mean the entire force is like that -- as there are many factions to it and many different reasons and styles of fighting in the local communities. Thus Zaeef sheds light on a world that is often dehumanized and criticized as being purely evil. He reveals the world that the Taliban inhabited over the past decades, why it existed to fight the Soviets, and why the individuals fought to protect their land from outsiders looking to exploit. This point gives the reader a good sense of the peoples involved in the fighting, and gives a human face to an entity that would otherwise remain anonymous and non-descript. This is a positive thing for the reader because humanizing the situation is a…… [read more]

Question of Honor Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (929 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


African and Japanese Literature

Upon initial analysis, there seems as though there is a significant degree of similarity between the characters Jihei, the protagonist in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's The Love Suicides at Amijima, and Oroonoko, the protagonist in Aphra Behn's Oronooko or The Royal Slave. A True History. Both of these characters develop profound relationships with women in which they fall in love, and are willing to endure a number of vicissitudes to support that love. However, further examination of the characterization of this pair reveals that the differences between them are much more profound than the fact that the former work depicts a Japanese protagonist while the latter depicts an African (and perhaps Ghanaian) protagonist. As portrayed within these respective cultures, it is quite clear that Jihei is a dishonorable man whereas Oroonoko is undoubtedly an honorable one.

Perhaps the primary way in which one can discern that Jihei is dishonorable is in relation to his treatment of his family. In Japan there is a notion of giri, in which a man is obligated to provide for his family, protect them, and do his best to constantly honor them. Those who are able to do so are considered honorable within such a society; those that are not are considerably considered dishonorable. Jihei, however, is much more focused on protecting and taking care of his lover Koharu, who is a prostitute who is soon to be sold to another man. In fact, the Japanese protagonist devotes a significant amount of his family's fiscal resources to attempting to repay Koharu's debt so that he can get her out of bondage and be with her. However, he does so to the extent that he effectively squanders resources that, in an honorable Japanese man, should have gone to his family instead. Thus, it is clear that Jihei is willing to forsake his own family for an extramarital affair, which is considered dishonorable in Japanese society and in most other ones as well.

Conversely, however Oroonoko is a man of honor. This fact is demonstrable in a number of different ways. Firstly, the young man is a prince. As the son of a king in a feudal society, he is endowed with a certain sense of honor that might elude other less notable personages. At the outset of this work of fiction, for instance, Oroonoko is tasked with leading the king's army -- a fact which is emblematic of his honorable position in society. Nonetheless, Oroonoko is honor is evinced in other ways that are more personal, implicit, and important to his characterization in this tale. The prince is a man of his word. Once he pledges himself to his lover Imoinda, he truly does not take another lover -- even though he has the bleakest of hopes of…… [read more]

Antigone Creon as Tragic Hero Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,271 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Tragic Hero: Creon / Antigone: Creon as Tragic Hero

A tragedy is meant to be a drama, whereby the major character possesses a terrible fault that makes him/her suffer from various consequences (Ang et al., 1). In the play "Antigone," Creon is initially depicted by Sophocles just as a leader. He possesses appropriate logical reasons for his punishments as well as laws. By the conclusion of the play, the extreme pride of Creon consumes him, and this eventually results to his downfall. He has no idea of how bad his pride meddles with his tackling of issues, until the prophecy of Teiresias. However, it is already too late by then. This is the actual course of a tragic character. The character possesses a tragic flaw (hamartia).

The character later experiences a peripetia that is basically an ironic twist, whereby the character discovers that things do not happen how he/she anticipated. Lastly, the character has an anagnorisis, that is, their epiphany, which makes them recognize their hamartia, in addition to seeing their place in the world. The tragic character in the play "Antigone" is Creon (Rosenfield, 200-275).

Thesis statement

Creon is the protagonist in the play "Antigone" because of his role as the major character of the whole story, and also his turning out to be the traditional tragic hero towards the conclusion. Creon happens to be one of those usual fallen heroes in Greek drama. He experiences several disagreements, both externally and internally, and faces a lot of painful feelings (Yahoo, 3).

Similar to several heroes of Greek drama, just a single fault in his character leads to his downfall eventually. He defied a statement of Creon's of not burying Polynieces, the traitor. After being sorry for his actions, Creon takes his servants to reopen the entrance of the cave, just to end up seeing that Antigone had hanged himself (Yahoo, 3).

Being the sister to Polynieces, she defies Creon's law of pleasing the gods; hence she attempts to do the correct thing and buries Polynieces. She is later sentenced to death by being closed up in a cave, upon Creon's discovery of what she had done. The noble character of Creon is also illustrated by his commitment to the nation over any other thing. It is just the main character who would experience this extent of drama and conflict all through a tragic play. He ends up without a wife or a son. He ended up obtaining some knowledge on his lack of appropriate decisions (Yahoo, 3).

Antigone's Tragic Hero

Creon's excessive pride leads to his downfall. Creon is very stubborn and his pride so immense that he cannot bring himself to accept that he can ever be wrong. During Creon's conversation with Teiresias, he actually thinks that he is being dismissed. Creon does not want to believe that he is possibly wrong regarding Antigone. Creon also feels that he is superior to all; he possesses a cockiness and self-righteousness (Sophocles, 500- 675).

He has too much pride and… [read more]

Killing the Love in Oroonoko and Love Suicides Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,015 words)
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¶ … Oroonoko and the Love-Suicides

When Koharu says to Jihei's brother, disguised as a Samurai, "The most important thing is that I don't want to die. I beg you, please help me to stay alive," she touches upon a central theme that runs through The Love-Suicides and Oroonoko: that theme is the relationship between love, honor, mercy and death. This paper will compare and contrast the two works to show how the theme is addressed in different -- in The Love-Suicides it is used to evoke humor and sadness; in Oroonoko, it is used to evoke admiration for the titular character: yet both evoke pity and fear all the same.

In The Love-Suicides, love is something that brinks Jihei and Koharu together, though it is a kind of love that is decidedly more sensual as it originates in the "pleasure gardens" of the town rather than in the domestic life that Jihei has with his family at home. The survival of the sensual love is threatened by both Tahei, another patron of Koharu (who is a prostitute), and by Osan, Jihei's wife (their home and business are suffering as a result of Jihei's infidelity/obsession). Jihei's honor is impinged (doubly -- first, for chasing after Koharu; second, for being humiliated by the much wealthier Tahei). Jihei's family is very concerned that he might commit suicide with Koharu in order to escape the mess he is in. The characters allude to this is a manner of acting that is based on honor (it is more honorable for Jihei to kill himself than to face humiliation), yet there are hints and suggestions that such an act is actually more akin to despair and selfishness than to actual/real honor. Osan, for instance, does not want Koharu or her husband to die -- and Koharu certainly does not want to die; but the flames of passion whip them into a state wherein they see no hop but through death. Indeed, Jihei's brother asserts that they are possessed by the "god of death." In other words, honor is used as a pretext for self-slaughter, when in actuality the self-slaughter is the result of total despair: the consequence of failing to obtain what the self wants in the manner that it wants and fearing the humiliation as a result. However, when the two characters cut their hair in imitation of the Buddhists, they in a way humble themselves even in the midst of their despair -- so it may be argued that the complexity of the relationship between love, death, honor and mercy is made all the more complex with this action, which invites the audience to have some pity for these characters.

In Oroonoko, on the other hand, love and death are intertwined in such a way that they evoke a sense of nobility and admiration in the audience, which is based on the perception that Oroonoko is an African noble willing to fight for his nobility. Like Jihei, he kills the woman he loves… [read more]

Relationships Between Lolita and Humbert S Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,229 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Lolita and Humbert's Relationships

Humbert was a scholar and well educated individual who spent his early adulthood in France. Humbert started his life with unfulfilled love life when he was a teenager, and after several attempts to achieve social sexual norms with adult women in France without success, Humbert moved to the United States where he met Annabel, Dolores. After some months, Humbert moved in with Dolores mother and starts referring Dolores as Lolita. Humbert later married Charlotte, Lolita's mother, to be able to move closer to Lolita under the pretense of being a caring and loving stepfather.

After the Charlotte's death, Humbert took Lolita to a summer camp and intended to have a sexual intercourse with her after secretly giving her slipping pills. However, her plan did not work, she ended up seducing her and have a sexual intercourse with her. In a desperate effort to win Lolita's love, he pampered her with gifts, only received affectionless and empty sexual services. After two years, Humbert enrolled Lolita in a girl's school to prevent her having contact with boys. Humbert was so obsessed with jealousy, toughen the rules and disallowed her to move out after returning from school.

Objective of this paper is to explore the relationships between Lolita and Humbert. The paper illustrates the nature of parent that Humbert represents.

Nature of Humbert of Parent that Humbert Represents

The relationship between Humbert and Lolita revealed an abnormal love relationship where a man took the advantages of a helpless little girl to lust her into a sexual intercourse. Humbert used different tactics to lure Lolita to have sexual intercourse with him. First, Humbert tried to inculcate in her mind that she would play a fatherly role by showering her care and love. For example, Humbert continued repeating, "I am your father. I am responsible for your welfare [and] I have a feeling of great tenderness for you " (Nabokov 119). Humbert took the advantages of Lolita non-understanding of the implications of having a sex with her stepfather by assuring her the normality of having a sexual interaction with him: "Among Sicilians sexual relations between a father and his daughter are accepted" (Nabokov 150). Despite searching for a justification for his immoral act, Humbert still felt somehow guilt of his action. Typically, he desperately struggled to defend his immoral actions. For example, he tried fruitlessly to convince Lolita the normality of having sexual relations with him by reciting a passage or phrase from a book: "the normal girl is usually extremely anxious to please her father" (Nabokov 150). In a real sense, Humbert undoubtedly means Lolita should please her with a sexual contact.

Humbert emphasizes the word "normal" by referring that Lolita was a normal girl, and their relationships was very normal. However, Humbert, himself did not believe in normalcy. The more Lolita was aware of the abnormality of their relationships the more her bond with Humbert diminished. The more Humbert became a beggar to win Lolita's attention both nonsexual and… [read more]

Leonardo Di Caprio Joe Gatsby the Great Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (680 words)
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¶ … Great Gatsby: Leonardo Di Caprio (Joe Gatsby)

Leonardo di Caprio (Joe Gatsby): The Great Gatsby

Use of Costumes and Color to depict Character and Personality in Film: The Great Gatsby

How Costume is used to communicate Gatsby's personality and Character Change

Costume is a crucial element used by script writers to capture the audience's attention and depict the personality, likes and interests of the character in a play. In 'The Great Gatsby', the writer picks specific colors for the main characters' costumes in different events throughout the story. We can easily deduce every character's personality and likes from the colors of their costumes. Leo Di Caprio (playing Joe Gatsby in the play), for instance, is seen to adorn dark colored-suits for the greater part of the play -- one can, based on this, judge him as having an introverted personality; that is, someone who is not so much outgoing, and who prefers to keep to himself. This is perhaps because he was insecure and feared that if he exposed himself too much to the world, information about his impoverished past would come out and ruin the high status that he was already beginning to enjoy.

Judging from the costumes he adorns, Gatsby can also be rightly described as a show-off -- in as much as he loves to keep his personal life to himself, Gatsby constantly uses his outfit as an outward display of his wealth and possessions. He, for instance, puts on a gold tie to complement his attire when he goes to see Daisy at Nick Buchannan's house -- gold is often associated with wealth, money, class and status; and by adorning a gold tie, Gatsby was not only trying to appeal to Daisy, but to also display his possessions and 'ability' to Daisy's husband, Tom, who had openly shown his dislike for him. By adorning a costume similar to the high-and-mighty, Gatsby was simply trying to prove to Tom that he qualified as a member of their class, and did not deserve to be despised…… [read more]

Outline of a Group Dispute and the Use of Email Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (1,308 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The process demonstrated the way in which different site will have different perspectives, and successful dispute resolution will include the need to explore and accept the different perspectives. A dispute resolution is only likely to occur when both sides feel that the concessions they make are reasonable and fair, and are matched by other parties. This case also shows the benefit of an independent arbitrator, brought in from outside the situation, who is able to step back and help the sides reach and agreement; a task which can be especially important when emotions are running high.

Section 2

The use of email has provided a number of benefits, including the ability to communicate quickly and easily, in a format that will allow for a high level of information to be included in a message. However, if taking on responsibilities as a manager in a new workplace, it may be necessary to consider how and when e-mail should be used, and whether or not it is being used to replace face-to-face communication. If in now is being used to replace face-to-face, or even verbal communication, there is the potential for fragmentation to occur in the workplace, as it is known people say things e-mails that they would not say face-to-face, due to the potential for a comment to cause offence (Kiesler, 2014). The potential of emails to reduce quality of communication is also present in the way it lacks the context in more personal communication, as there is not ability to hear tone of voice or observe body language which all give clues to the way a message is interpreted (Wood & Smith, 2004).

The guidelines will be out into place to reduce the potential for miscommunications. Any communications that are of a personal nature should start with direct communication such as face-to-face, or over the telephone, these may be supported by a follow up email if there are formal issues involved, such as confirming arguments or grievance procedures. Emails should not be used as a way of avoiding a face-to-face or telephone conversation, but it is also recognized that they have the potential to increase efficiency. Therefore, it would be expected that internally, employees in the same department should undertake no more than a set percentage (for example 60%) of their commutation by email, as the main issue is not just the use of email, but the way in which it impacts on social relationships which create cohesion and a positive culture in a workplace. Also, emails should only be sent to those who need to know, so information is only sent to those that need it. There may also be the reintroduction of a message board near the water cooler or break area for local notices to be placed, complimenting email.

Before implementing the system I would hold a meeting to allow everyone involved to express their views on how changes should occur, and how any changes would impact on them. The meeting(s) would facilitate individual expression and allow… [read more]

Main Street and America Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (862 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


In fact, one can argue that with all the lights and electronic billboard, Main Street is essentially an attraction unto itself. Main street is draws both locals and tourists to it through its ability to just provide a sense of dazzle. In that capacity, New York's main street has both actual destinations for people to explore and is the destination in and of itself (DreamCue, 2014).

The only way that Times Square does not embody the sense of American idealism that so many other main streets are able to encompass is via the fact that it really doesn't contain many of the pillars of the community. There are very few (if any at all) banks, schools, post offices and churches around Times Square. In this sense, Times Square is unlike so many other primary streets in New York, as it appears to just be entertainment based.

Another manner in which Times Square is able to embody a sense of American idealism is via the way it engaged in transformation. Part of American idealism is centered on a necessity of making oneself better, stronger and more powerful -- by essentially pulling oneself up by one's bootstraps. This is what happened to Times Square: "During a major transition period for Times Square twenty years ago, artists focused on 42nd Street to alter the negative perception of the area. Now, it's a boulevard of sorts that hosts the nation's top grossing movie theater (AMC Empire 25), several chain restaurants, Madame Tussauds, and seminal non-profit theaters run by The New 42nd Street, an organization deeply involved in the revitalization of the area. Twenty years ago, artists were begged to consider working in the area to attract new audiences" (Artplace, 2014). Now, Times Square is a bustling center again where there are tons of people for audience. There's no shortage of people, and artists have a bigger chance than ever to showcase their work.


ArtplaceAmerica. (2014, January). Times Square Transformation. Retrieved from artplaceamerica.org: http://www.artplaceamerica.org/articles/times-square-transformation-4/

DreamCueStaff. (2014). Dreamcue America. New York: DreamCue.

Timeout. (2013). New York attractions: Times Square. Retrieved from Timout.com:



Historicalquarter.com. (2013, January). The Evolution of NYC Times Square. Retrieved from historicalquarter.com: http://www.thehistoricalquarter.com/the-evolution-of-nyc-times-square/

Iovine, J. (1998, october 15). A Tale Of Two Main Streets. Retrieved from NYtimes.com:


Younger, C. (2010, July). Dissecting Disney's Lands: Main Street USA. Retrieved from Disneyology.blogspot.com: http://disneyology.blogspot.com/2010/06/dissecting-disneys-lands-main-street.html… [read more]

Laban Movement Analysis Method (Lma) Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (809 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


The philosophy relates to dance by describing the structural and physical characteristics of the human body while moving -- how movement is initiated, the connection of different bodies to each other, how bodies sequence and align, and even patterns of organization, which he called "Patterns of Total Body Square Connectivity" to provide more of a story and meaning that relates to effort and then either fighting of indulging polarity (e.g. direct vs. indirect, strong vs. light movement, or bound movement vs. free movement).

Question 4 -- How does Laban refer to Dance as an art form and scholarly discipline? Dance had always had a formal component as an art form. As an art form, Dance uses movement to form emotional expression, spiritual and performance settings, or non-verbal communication and the telling of a story. Laban expanded this so that the method used both a research and somatic approach (categorizing, analyzing, experimenting, etc.) so that the theory of movement can be used to exemplify and amplify art. In a way, this is deconstruction: if we liken it to Bach, we know that Bach's compositions were from his heart and mind, but when analyzed we find basic theoretical concepts about the way chords and tones work in combination or singularly. In a similar manner, Laban's views of dance take overall movement and use theory to explain how different movements result in differing outcomes with different meanings and emotional / intellectual responses -- both for the performer and audience.

Question 5 -- Compare Laban's philosophy with present day culture- Modern dance is a medium that is often more concerned with expressive movement and the use of shape and space to communicate emotion and story line. Modern dance is freer and combines traditional dance with new styles that are not classical in nature, but are based on precepts of classical ballet and dance. Often this combines ethnic dance, and even street and/or popular dance. Classical ballet, for instance, stresses the human foot as the catalyst for movement; whereas modern dance stresses the torso, improvisation, using the arms, limbs, head, neck and expression oftentimes without costumes. Laban's philosophy of space, movement and freedom of movement fits in well because the core of Laban's work surrounds how to make the body work harmoniously in ways that are natural to the muscle structure and may evoke different meanings depending on the situation, speed, intensity and even shape of…… [read more]

Artist That I Respect Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,239 words)
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¶ … artist that I respect the most for her commitment to equality is Pearl Primus. Much of her life's work related to dancing involved illustrating the authentic history of this art form for both Africans and African-Americans. Additionally, Primus choreographed a number of specific dances as protest dances that spoke out against injustices African-Americans were enduring in contemporary times. Doing so proved that she was not just a scholar, but also someone who was actively seeking social justice through the medium of art. In addition to her contributions to the field of dance, Primus' scholarly contributions also helped to further her cause of equality for African-Americans since she devoted a great portion of her life to studying anthropology and its relationship to peoples of African descent. Primus also studied dance abroad in Africa to bring a degree of authenticity to her anthropological erudition and to her choreography and dancing as well. Her life helped to serve as an example to other influential dancers and scholars of African-based dance. This is a link to a dancer's interpretation of Primus' "Hard Time Blues" http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8wKQMyGaEsM.

The innovator from this week's reading that impacted me the most was Asadata Dafora. Dafora proved very vital to the understanding of African dance in the United States because he was African, first of all, and was able to replicate and perform African dancing in this country at a time when many people did not know what this dancing truly looked like. Dafora's work was instrumental in demonstrating that African culture was as valid as anything produced in Western society, particularly in terms of dance. More importantly, he was able to show the African dancing in theater settings that offered this form of dance maximum exposure in the U.S.

I agree with Nicole that one of the most impressive things about Katherine Dunham is the versatility she displayed in her work as a dancer, choreographer, author and teacher. Aside from their interests in dance, both Dunham and Primus were both anthropologists, which is not common for dancers. They both were able to incorporate aspects of formal education and dance together to make the form of dancing they created and pioneered one of cultural expression, distinct to African-Americans. It is also noteworthy that these women danced and choreographed during the same time, and inevitably influenced the work of one another.

There are distinct similarities between Shaina's selection for a dancer who is respectable for his commitment to equality, Renni Harris, and my selection, Pearl Primus. Both of them incorporated different elements of other cultures into the type of dance they were utilizing. In fact, they even incorporated some of the same sources. Both dancers/choreographers used different forms of African dance in their productions. This sort of fusion is important because it enables an art form to progress with a certain continuity. By taking from the past and shaping it to define a new future, each of these dancers was able to move dance forward.

An important similarity between… [read more]

Contrast and Compare Shakespeare's Portrayal of Prince Hal and Hotspur Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (548 words)
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¶ … Shakespeare's portrayal of Prince Hal and Hotspur.

Hal vs. Hotspur

William Shakespeare's play King Henry IV is not only intriguing because of the storyline or rich language, as it is also interesting because of the strategies the playwright uses with the purpose of emphasizing character comparisons. Even with the fact that the play is titled after the king, it revolves around Prince Hal's character. The Prince is a hectic young man who expresses little to no interest in putting across noble-like behavior and spends most of his time with dubious people in taverns. In contrast to him, Hotspur, the Earl of Northumberland's son, is focused on his people's cause and puts across impressive strength of will.

From the very first moments that the play opens, the audience is provided with Hal's personality by comparing him to Hotspur. Even with the fact that they have the same age, the two characters differ greatly both when considering the attitudes they employ with regard to the importance of their role. King Henry is impressed with Hotspur's achievements and is disappointed with his son's behavior at the same time.

Hal and Hotspur are initially shown as having different understandings of the concept of trust. Audiences are likely to consider that Hal's character put across great ignorance and is doomed to fail as a consequence of his failure to understand the complex nature of things happening around him. However, it becomes obvious that he is not happy with his lifestyle when he is hesitant about going through with committing a robbery. This demonstrates that he is, in fact, aware of his position and feels that it would…… [read more]

Artistic Brazen Crystal Dour Exuberant Essay

Essay  |  1 pages (332 words)
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Xenium (means a present given to a guest or something given to a stranger)





This dance was complex in tone yet simple in timbre. By that, I mean that the music was rather simple in terms of timbre and technique, but the movements were complex, ranging from the vivaciousness of the characters moving from stage left to right and in between, thrilling and undulating and almost becoming part of the stage floor. Glass' score was, of course, non-traditional, yet the entire effect was brazen and artistic. Emotionally, I was torn between the fleeting loneliness of the soloists and the wafting energy they expressed with their torsos. Overall, the piece left me with a sense of yearning for something more -- whether that be something joyous, or sorrowful, the…… [read more]

Chaikovsky's The Nutcracker Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (512 words)
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This clip describes me and my quest for identity. I am Asian. Specifically, I am Chinese and am currently living in the United States. My identity is comprised of cultural influences of both China and the U.S. The dance from The Nutcracker shows how some of the western world view the Asian people and it is offensive in a way and understandable in another way. Not all Chinese people wear the traditional garb that is displayed in the ballet. Also, not all Chinese men wear long hair and very few Chinese women carry around fans, if any do at all. On the other hand, the Chinese dance from The Nutcracker is a celebration, an example of the Broadway theme of optimism, abundance, and even exuberance. The characters are happy and dancing to entertain Clara. To her, they are amazing people because she has never had the opportunity to meet Chinese people before. When comparing this dance to some of the other dances which are characteristic of the American culture, it is easy to see that ballets and dances like this one would be a direct precursor to the lavish Broadway musicals that would appear in the years after the ballet was written. Just as the Chinese dance is extravagant, colorful, and has some amazing dance moves from the performs, so too later performances would have to reach this level of aesthetic appeal if they hoped to have any success.… [read more]

Aria Madamina in Don Giovanni Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,944 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … Giovanni

The aria from Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Don Giovanni entitled "Madamina" (Act 1, Scene 2) is sung by Leporello, Don Giovanni's loyal and sarcastic servant. Leporello takes a very realistic view of his master and the women Don Giovanni seduces. The aria details Leporello's view of his master as he tries to dissuade the prim, prudish Donna Elvira… [read more]

Playwright's Guidebook by Stuart Spencer Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (580 words)
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For a play to keep the audience's attention, in addition to action and stakes, or conflict, there must also be what Spencer calls "an event."

"What happens at the end," writes Spencer. "It's a colloquial way of saying it, but it's as good a way as any to describe what we mean by the event of a play." Getting to the event of the play -- getting to the end -- is what playwriting is all about, one is led to believe by the master craftsman Spencer's account here.

Take the "wheelwright" metaphor at the beginning of this paper. One literally starts with the characters in action and then, as Spencer puts it, hammers the material until one gets a functional, artful play.

For example, Spencer writes, "Let's say that we have a character named Joe. Joe wants a glass of water. Wanting that glass of water is his action." To be sure, different playwrights may well utilize other words to describe the same phenomenon. "They may say it's his objective, or his goal, or his need. I use action, but what matters is the concept not the word," writes Spencer.

The character "Joe" may take action to fulfill the desires he is experience. Or he may do nothing at all. "He may ask for a glass of water, he may demand it, he may beg for it," writes Spencer. "He may stick out his tongue and pant, and hope that someone gets the message. He may simply stand up, walk to the sink, and pour himself a glass. He may do a lot of things that indicate he wants a glass of water."

Whether the character does something, or does absolutely nothing, however, as Spencer…… [read more]

Race Racialization and Racial Representation in Seattle Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (1,674 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3



Racialization and Racial Representation in Seattle and the Seattle Area Performing Arts Community

The election of the nation's first African-American president two years ago heralded, to some, a new era of American society and politics in which race ceased to play a significant role -- a supposedly "post-racial" period in American development. Those who were less Pollyannish about President… [read more]

Dance Yvonne Rainer's Trio Essay

Essay  |  7 pages (2,008 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4



Yvonne Rainer's Trio A

Yvonne Rainer is often considered one of the most influential dancers and choreographers of the second half of the twentieth century. Her piece Trio A, which is really part of a larger piece entitled The Mind is a Muscle, is one of her most famous works, and it continues to be performed today in many… [read more]

Story on the Glass Menagerie Thesis

Thesis  |  7 pages (2,068 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 5


¶ … American Dream

Depicted in the Glass Menagerie

Tennessee Williams' play, the Glass Menagerie is an insightful American tale that brings attention to emotionally and economically weakened individuals that attempt to survive in a world that proves to be too much for them. Tom, Laura, and Amanda are people that face certain difficulties surviving in the real world. They… [read more]

Breakfast 1916 by Eugene O' Neill Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (709 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Breakfast 1916 by Eugene O' Neill

Eugene O'Neill's Before Breakfast

O'Neill's Before Breakfast is a one act play, constituted as a monologue and only interrupted briefly by the action at the end. The structure of the play is used in a very significant way by O'Neill, so as to illustrate the theme. Thus, first of all, the brevity of the text contributes to its dramatic and even shocking effect. Moreover, the play consists only of Mrs. Rowland's long monologue, preceded, interrupted and then followed by the author's stage directions. The dramatic effect is thus built with the help of the particular structure of the play: the audience is only allowed to witness Mrs. Rowland's monologue, while the absent character of the play, Mr. Rowland, is completely hidden in an adjoining room. O'Neill thus deftly substitutes the objective point-of-view for Mrs. Rowland's. In this way, the audience becomes engrossed in her monologue, as she is, failing to pay enough attention to the other drama that takes place in the next room: the husband that commits suicide, "before breakfast," with a razor blade.

The theme of the play is obviously the communication breakdown between the two main characters in the play, the Rowlands. Mrs. Rowland's monologue is in itself dramatic through its bitterness. Through this monologue, a large part of the story of Mr. And Mrs. Rowland's life is revealed. Their marriage was obviously a mistake and their characters are completely opposed. From the sketch drawn by Mrs. Rowland, Alfred is the son of a multi-millionaire, who, nevertheless, left only debts behind. He is moreover a poet, who, presumably had higher aspirations from life and could not contend himself with the simple and limited life to which his wife constrained him. Coming from a poor, honest family, Mrs. Rowland is exactly the opposite of her husband, seeing money and comfort as the greatest achievement. As such, the clash and the lack of communication between the two main characters form the substance of the text. The structure is what actually reveals the meaning of the play: Mrs. Rowland's sharp and irritable speech is interrupted by…… [read more]

Broadway Musicals Term Paper

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¶ … Musicals

Show Boat

The musical Show Boat occurs in two acts and is based upon the book by Edna Ferber, written in 1926. The play is considered the first of its kind in American culture. In other words, it is the first true "musical play" of its kind. It breaks from previous conventions that favored light musical comedies musical revues during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Instead, Show Boat combined the dramatic form with popular music in a way that has never been done before. This set the precedent for both the musical plays and films of the future.

Generally, the musical was based upon an already existign form, the "Princess Musicals." These, like Show Boat, were centered upon plot and character, but much narrower in scope. Instead, the musical developed and broadened this paradigm to create a new form of entertainment at the time.

This form of entertainment, while revolutionary, was therefore not entirely unique. Indeed, George S. Kaufman and George Gershwin created Strike Up the Band, also broad in scope and centered around plot and character. However, it is closer to the previous creations of its type in that it was satirical and farcical, without the dramatic, sentimental and at times tragic elements included in Show Boat.

Another element that made Show Boat one of its kind at the time was its form as musical epic. As such, it comprised a vast number of characters and plots. This is a great leap away from the more usual musical show, which would comprise two sets and a limited amount of characters. Most influential of the current musical genre is the element of drama and tragedy included in Show Boat.

It is also interesting to note the element of racial difficulties included in this show. Indeed, this is also a break in tradition, in that both white and non-white…… [read more]

Dance Jazz Is a Dance Done Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,999 words)
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Jazz is a dance done to "jazz" music which originally comes from Africa, beginning in the late 1800s till the mid 1900s. Cakewalk, Black Bottom, Charleston, Jitterbug, Boogie Woogie, Lindy Hop and Swing are all danced to jazz music. The movements of jazz dancing are big and exaggerated, but ballet techniques are needed to excel, because of the… [read more]

Suzanne Farrell Term Paper

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Suzanne Farrell: Ballerina

The life of a ballet dancer is one of grueling hard work and endless physical effort. To be successful the dancer must deny pleasure, be self-disciplined, and willing to put in countless hours of practice and pain. Even though many of them do all this, only a few ballet dancers become famous ballerinas. Other creative qualities are necessary in addition, if a dancer is to stand out from the rest. Suzanne Farrell was such a person. She brought qualities of aspiration, imagination, and genius to the dance that made her a unique example of greatness in the ballet world.

Farrell danced for the famous choreographer George Balanchine and became his principal dancer at the New York City Ballet Company. He had artistic visions that she was able to fulfill with a unique combination of musical, physical, and dramatic gifts and abilities. She ignited Balanchine's imagination, and he made her not only famous but a symbol of the era. She danced more than 100 ballets during her career as a performer. Balanchine and other choreographers created many ballets just for her. Farrell went beyond the limits of ballerina technique and did things no one had ever done before. Because she did things other dancers had never done, she showed what was possible, and other dancers began to try to do some of those things, too. This is why she became legendary in the world of ballet. She was a leader as well as a great artist.

Farrell's 28-year career dancing in performance was much longer than usual, as ballet dancers are like football players in a sense -- their bodies wear out from the constant physical demands placed upon them. But her career in ballet did not end when arthritis in her hip forced her to retire from performance work. She began work as a teacher to pass on Balanchine's ballets to a new generation of ballet dancers, and she became a repetiteur for the George Balanchine Trust, an institution, which spreads and protects the works of George Balanchine. In this capacity she worked in Paris, Berlin, and Vienna; also, at the Kirov Ballet and the Bolshoi. Eventually, she started her own ballet company Suzanne Farrell Ballet. In recent years she is a professor of dance at Florida State University.

Farrell's career in ballet has been long and illustrious and full of honors. For example, besides the biography Holding on to Air, a film was also made in 1997 about her life -- Suzanne Farrell -- Elusive Muse that was nominated for an Academy Award. She has been awarded honorary degrees from Harvard, Yale, Notre Dame, Georgetown University and others. She is a recipient of the prestigious National Medal of the Arts, the Nijinsky Award, the Capezio Dance Award and Kennedy Center Honors, to name a few.

Farrell is a role model of excellence for would-be ballerinas and a…… [read more]

Nutcracker the History of the Philadelphia Dance Term Paper

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Bibliography Sources: 1+



The history of the Philadelphia dance company. When was it established? What were the circumstances under with it was formed? Is it a new company, or an established company?

Dance Advance, a Trust funded by the charitable 'Pew Charitable Trust', is administered by the University of the Arts. The Dance Advance supports a large group of initiatives that understand… [read more]

National Ballet of China History Term Paper

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Bibliography Sources: 1+


National Ballet of China

History of the National Ballet of China

One of the world's top 10 ballet companies, the National Ballet of China was founded on December 31,1959 (CCTV 2005, Orange County 2005) and has, in the past four decades, consisted of generations of striving and gifted artists. The dance company has turned out outstanding artistic achievements in Western… [read more]

Ballet Russe and Nijinsky Influence Term Paper

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The Russian ballet, under the influence of its primary dancer Nijinsky, also made athleticism as well as beauty part of the art form of ballet. The list of the ballets premiered by the Ballet Russe during the 19th century included such innovative works as "The Firebird" and "The Specter of the Rose." In these ballets, male as well as female dancers came to the forefront of these ballets. The meanings of these works were often symbolic as well as story-driven tales, about a doll that falls in love, or a haunting soul of a flower, unlike the earlier "Swan Lake" and "Giselle" which had clearly demarcated stories about love and romance of adolescent girls, and predominately featured the corps rather than the principles in many of the featured movements of the piece.

Making ballets more symbolic allowed men to become part of the essential nature of ballet as expressive dance, as the dancing was no longer about embodying a lovelorn heroine, or about being part of a series of identical looking female dancers in a corps. Instead, the masculine virility, athleticism, and vitality of a solo performer became part of ballet and the Ballet Ruse under Nijinsky in particular. Nijinsky craved rather than shunned the choreographic spotlight, and provided an intense sense of character and drama to his work that transcended the generic.

People came to see the Russian ballets to see the great star -- for the first time there was a male star of the ballet on the same level as its female stars. However, when they came to see Nijinsky, they were also, however unwittingly introduced to a new form of conceptualizing the ballet as a way of embodying human emotional and physical experience.

Works Cited

Jonas, Gerald. Dancing: The Pleasure, Power, and Art of Movement. New York: Harry

N. Abrams,…… [read more]

Ballet Dancers and Non Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,293 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


¶ … eating disorder patterns between ballet dancers and non-dancers is well written especially in its presentation and the details of the technical aspects of the study. Having said so, there is a feeling that the article could have gone a little more into the aspect of what anorexia is and the causes of anorexia and the reasons that it… [read more]

Tempest in Act I, Scene Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (990 words)
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Shakespeare accomplishes his goals of characterization and theme elucidation primarily via language: diction, structure, metaphor, and verse. Prospero has no soliloquies in this scene; he is thus not portrayed as any sort of dramatic hero. Rather, as a protagonist, Prospero is depicted in Act One, scene two as a dynamic instrument of political power. His language establishes his social status as well as his relationships to the other characters, namely Miranda and Ariel. When Prospero speaks to Ariel in particular, his social status is made clear by the playwright: he states, "Thou shalt be as free / As mountain winds; but then exactly do / All points of my command." In other words, Ariel is theoretically free, so long as he does whatever Prospero tells him to do. The relationship between Prospero and Ariel is poised as one similar to that of master and slave in this scene. Prospero is portrayed as little more than a benevolent master, as a slave owner who treats his "cattle" well. Through this scene Shakespeare makes a broad statement about the nature of human political, social, and economic relationships. The fact that Ariel is a different being, a non-human being, underscores the theme of political power used and abused.

Another means by which William Shakespeare explores and elucidates the theme of power is through stagecraft: the body language and setting of the scene. In Act One, scene two, the tempest itself has already besieged its victims: Alonso, Antonio, Trincluo, Stefano, and the rest. Stagecraft establishes the theme of The Tempest through Prospero's relationship with his daughter and with his spirit familiar. In this early scene of the play, Prospero admits the truth about their isolated existence; Propsero also admits freely that his supernatural powers brought about the storm that gives the play its name. Prospero seems to have a magical power over his daughter Miranda as well as over Ariel. Ariel reminds Prospero of his promise to set his soul free after a certain period of time. Prospero balks at Ariel's speech, accusing him of complaining and of being belligerent. Prospero takes on the role of the benevolent master to his spirit slave; his treatment of his daughter indicates the same egotistical nature. Prospero's treatment of both Ariel and Miranda in Act One, scene two indicates the potential for human beings to abuse their power. The actor playing Prospero is taught to stand tall, firm, and upright; Prospero is portrayed as being an eminently powerful man and one who would have enormous physical as well as spiritual powers over others. Also, the stagecraft of the scene suggests that Prospero is the main man of the island, the ruler, the invincible leader. He brought about the tempest to prove his power.

Shakespeare's The Tempest is largely about the abuse of power; political power is one of the play's main themes. Through characterization, language and stagecraft, Shakespeare elucidates this theme especially in…… [read more]

Iceman Cometh Is a Brilliant Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,885 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


Every page contains the principles of story telling, such as, what the story is about, how people live in self-denial, the set-up highlights the issues from the very first Act.

O'Neill has every right to called one of the greatest playwright's in the American history. He introduces the audience to the story's dramatic issue right away through his characters and their dialogue.

From the first Act, O'Neill sets the audience thinking about how could these people be brought out of self-denial and who could possibly help them. This is question that O'Neill used to frame the results of the play. This question is framed through the character Larry, who plays the protagonist in the play. He is also the one, who is greatly effected by the results of the play. This is the primary reason of introducing him first in the play. O'Neill does not just throw in his characters but takes time in introducing each and every one of them one at a time, so the audience understands each and every character and the issues related to them. This way each character serves a purpose in the play.

The play ends in a surprise because the character who seemed least likely to come out of his 'pipe dream' is the one who comes out of denial and fulfills the play's goal and its comments in the way of life. Each character speaks about his own issues, in fact very personal issues close to their heart to familiarize the audience with their personalities. Every scene has these characters making up lies, protecting their 'pipe dreams', their pain and anger, threatening each other. This play does not have weak or ordinary elements making up the plot. Overall, this is simply a brilliant play and a must read for those who have not had the chance to yet!


AnyBook4Less.com - ISBN: 0375709177 - The Iceman Cometh by Eugene Gladstone O'Neill, available at http://www.anybook4less.com/detail/0375709177.html, accessed on: March 26, 2003

ClassicNotes: Eugene O'Neill, available at http://www.gradesaver.com/ClassicNotes/Authors/about_eugene_oneill.html, accessed on: March 26, 2003

The Iceman Cometh, an Essay by Bill Johnson, available at http://www.storyispromise.com/iceman.htm, accessed on: March 26, 2003… [read more]

Winston S Opposition to the Party Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (602 words)
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1984 Writing Assignment



Winston's mental faculties begin to descend into an abyss as the stress of working in the Party yet secretly plotting against it begins to fray his nerves. The tension mounts and his physical weakness adds to the psychological collapse. However, Winston's search for truth is rewarded at last through a meeting with O'Brien and the reception of a book by Goldstein. This, coupled with his time with Julia and a kind of relaxed holiday among the proles (nature) gives him a boost of confidence that he is on the right track. This paper will describe these catalysts and conclude with what I have learned thus far from my reading of 1984.

What might have caused Winston's mental deterioration is his meeting with O'Brien, his confession of treason against the Party, and his own frail nerves being overworked (90 hours of work for the Party in 5 days) (Orwell 227). In other words, he is under a great deal of stress and tension. That stress is having a real effect on his psyche, and even though he wants to fight against the Party, he is not in any psychological or physical position to take such a bold step at this moment. He is mainly acting on emotion and limited rational foresight -- it is like an act of desperation, like jumping off a cliff to save one's life, and mentally speaking he pays the price.

What brings Winston back to reality is the arrival of the book by Goldstein that explains the theory and practice of the Party. It puts into words everything that Winston has already thought but been unable to enunciate. He is compelled by this book, feels it is very important and that both he and Julia should read it. He reads…… [read more]

How Julia Changes Winston in 1984 Essay

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1984 Writing Assignment



The physical relationship of Julia and Winston consists of several components that influence the two and begins to change them to some extent. For instance, their liaison is private -- secret from the world and Big Brother, which impacts Winston's character (it is like he is let off the chain for the first time in his life). The affair is illicit, i.e., not sanctioned by Big Brother (which makes them both enemies of the State in a way); and their relationship is natural (which spurs Winston to question the unnatural state of the State and his own relationship with Big Brother). This paper will discuss these three components and show how they begin to change the characters involved.

The fact that their relationship is secret gives them both a great feeling of freedom. Winston, for example, feels as though he can tell the truth for once -- and he does so in a shocking way when he is asked by Julia what he felt when she gave him the note saying, "I LOVE YOU." He responds that he hated her and that he wanted to rape and murder her, which makes her laugh. As they have just made love, the inconsistency of impulse can be explained by Winston's change of heart, from true son of Big Brother to questioning explorer on his own, engaging with himself, nature and others in an honest and open way (Orwell 152).

Another component of the relationship is that it is illicit -- it is not approved by the State, and thus puts them both at odds with their government. Indeed, she likes to break the rules and is attracted to Winston because, as she says, "I knew you were…… [read more]

Two Short Stories and Their Symbolism Essay

Essay  |  8 pages (2,687 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 1+


Carlos Fuentes's short story "The Doll Queen" uses rich symbolism and a sentimental tone to draw attention to problems related to sexism and prejudice. The narrator recalls a delightful girl from his childhood when he finds a map she drew him. On a whim and with the desire to recreate an idealized past, the narrator follows the instructions on the… [read more]

Two Stories Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (768 words)
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¶ … Husband --Mavis Gallant

Marriage often takes center stage in a woman's life,. However, this is rarely with satisfying results. In keeping with that idea, The Chosen Husband is a story about a woman that have to endure bad marriages. At the same time, the story forwards the idea that a woman can have a feminist attitude when it come sto marriage.

Carette unconsciously yearns to live vicariously through her daughter and her happiness. She remains an innocent widow all of her life, going forward from when she was a mere forty-five years old. Carette experienced a "widowhood strictly observed" that "had kept her childish, not youthful." After she losing her husband, she turns into a very selfish and self-centered person. Carette places all of her attention towards looking for a rich husband for her daughter and she also encourage her daughter to marry widowers.


Marie got married to Louis. He was hand-picked for her by her mother and her sister. She is like a doll that is controlled by her two family members. She is a victim in the marriage to Lewis. In addition to he is not only getting an engagement ring, she also ends up getting a marital ring that used to be belong to a woman that has since passed. Her husband will be required to serve in the military. As such, it is entirely likely that she will become a widow like her mother did before her.

Paragraph 3

Berth, unlike Marie and her mother, helps her sister to get married and support her entire family. In other words, she is sacrifices herself for her sister and her mother. The narrator wants to make comparison with these two and how one takes after her mother while the other does not. Women in this family have a bad time when it comes to marriage. with marriage but she was only one do not need commit arranged marriage and she is able to find whom she love and who she love. She was interest in love, and relationship rather than marriage. Narrator shows perspective of women can be feminist through Berth as a character.

The women in this story show power, leadership and the choices they decide to make as it relates to their marriage.

Doll queen --Carlos Fuentes…… [read more]

How the U S Resembles 1984 S Oceania Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (604 words)
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1984 Writing Assignment


Orwell's 1984 depicted a totalitarian government of Oceania that controlled the masses and manipulated them into becoming docile vassals of the State. Today's world is not much different from the world imagined by Orwell. This paper will provide three examples of the ways in which the present U.S. government resembles the government of Oceania in 1984.

One major governmental policy of Oceania that can be found in the U.S. today is the policy of engaging in perpetual war. Oceania would conduct "Hate Week" in which it cultivated hatred for the "enemy" among the populace (Orwell, n.d., p. 3), and it would constantly talk up the concept of War is Peace. Today, we have the War on Terror, which is supposed to make the world safer, but so far more acts of terrorism are happening and the Ministry of Peace of Oceania is perfectly reflected in Washington's Defense Department and various other military agencies that wage perpetual war around the globe, whether in the Cold War or in today's War on Terror (Blakinger, 2016). The U.S. has implemented its own version of the Ministry of Peace that is dedicated to waging war on an "elusive" enemy.

Another policy is the constant surveillance of Big Brother. In the U.S. today, surveillance is big business. The NSA has been shown to be keeping tabs on citizens and foreigner dignitaries, thanks to leaks by Snowden (BBC News, 2014). Spying on people and making sure no one is doing anything the government does not like has become a top priority of the U.S. since 9/11. The Patriot Act has helped the government to implement this surveillance policy. As a result, the country's government looks a lot like Big Brother today, watching everyone all the time.

Oceania's Ministry of Truth is a third aspect…… [read more]

Faith and Hope in the Poetry of Stephen Crane and Louise Gluck Essay

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Stephen Crane vs. Louise Gluck

Do you think they have the same feelings about the relationship between humans and nature? Be specific in your references to the poems.

While both the poets Stephen Crane and Louise Gluck frequently make use of natural metaphors in their poetry, they do so in very different ways. For Crane, the universe is a cold and impersonal place while for Gluck nature holds a potent metaphorical significance and yields the ability for individuals to find hope even in depressing circumstances. One of the most memorable images found in Crane's poem is that of the horizon. The horizon gives the promise that the quest of someone to reach it is near but it is an optical illusion. In his "Four Poems," when the poet tells someone that he cannot run and catch the horizon, the runner merely responds "You lie," and runs on.

In poems like "Snowdrops," however, Gluck instead uses the ability of the earth to renew itself seasonally with her own ability to renew itself: "in damp earth my body / able to respond again." Although human beings experience despair, as illustrated in Crane's poems, this is not necessarily a permanent state of affairs, like the elusive horizon. Gluck also demonstrates in poems such as "Twilight" the ability of nature to provide peace for individuals. "Visual world, language / rustling of leaves in the night, / smell of high grass, of woodsmoke. / I let it go, then I light the candle." Nature enables people to abandon their obsessions and cares and to see themselves in a larger and more meaningful context.

For Crane, however, nature merely exists to reaffirm the poet's negative view of the world. Rather than the beautiful rustling of high grass, Crane instead envisions a scenario in which blades of grass are speaking, animate, and judged by God. In his vision, a little blade of grass says to God, "Memory is bitter to me / For if I did good deeds/I know not of them," in contrast to the other blades of grass who brag about their accomplishments. The story of the grass is clearly less about nature and more about using nature as a metaphor for human existence. For Crane, nature is something used to underline the poet's beliefs about the natural world, not to illustrate something meaningful about nature itself.

In some ways, this contrast between the two poets' attitudes could be said to illustrate a stereotypically male versus a stereotypically female view of the world. For Crane, nature is something which is used to illustrate something profound about human experience, little else. Gluck seems more interested in simply observing nature for nature's sake and viewing human beings as a part of nature.

Q2. Are there other themes in these…… [read more]

Analyzing the One Minute Manager Meets the Monkey Book Report

Book Report  |  2 pages (644 words)
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¶ … Manager Meets the Monkey

The One-Minute Manager Meets the Monkey: Book Report

The title of this work on rather formal subject of management is very catchy and makes one curious. Ken Blanchard (also co-author of the One Minute Manager), William Oncken and Hal Burrows have penned the "One Minute Manager Meets the Monkey." The monkey of one person jumps off his shoulder onto the other's (whose help is sought), when the former goes to the latter with a problem and the latter gets concerned about it. This chain continues; monkeys jumping from one person to another can be quite a nuisance for that one person who has to take responsibility of else's monkeys. This book can help people avoid falling into such situations (of carrying others' monkeys), and implement the life-changing lessons that we learn from here, and concentrate on resolving one's own problems.

The story makes its opening with a pestered monkey caretaker, who, despite all the unrequited efforts, gains no such advantage from it. He spends quite some time feeding and caring for everyone's monkeys until one day he reads about monkey management and learns how to return the "monkeys" to the original owners. He became more effective at organizing and managing and noticed dramatic changes in his performance and this opened roads for progressing his career.

Instead of addressing the main issue when we get caught up in an inconsequential problem-for instance lack of time to carry out the required planning, coordination and other managerial and organizational tasks- we tend to waste time and effort in trying to cover up for the damages we have done; when primarily we should try to pin-point the causes of the problem, to strike at the roots of the problem. If we do not do that, the problem keeps worsening until the situation has gotten out of our hands and our resources have depleted. As an Illustration, when we catch fever…… [read more]

Death of a Salesman Biff and Happy Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (681 words)
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¶ … Biff and Happy

When Biff was the high school football star, his younger brother Happy idolized him and wanted to grow up to be just like his brother. However, although Happy still dreams about 'making it' with girls and making money, Biff has clearly moved on and become more introverted. When Happy sees Biff again after many years the first thing he says is: "I think I got less bashful and you got more so ... Where's the old humor, the old confidence?" (Miller 12). Happy has in many ways grown up to be like Biff's high school self.

Happy also seems to resemble Willy, the boys' father, far more than Biff does now. Happy is not very self-reflective and he is proud of his dishonesty on a personal level with the women he is dating and also at work. This recalls Willy's pride in being a salesman who is well-liked, versus someone who does hands-on, meaningful work. However, even Happy is not content in his job: "All I can do now is wait for the merchandise manager to die ...Sometimes I sit in my apartment -- all alone. And I think of the rent I'm paying. And it's crazy. But then, it's what I always wanted. My own apartment, a car, and plenty of women" (Miller 13).

In contrast, Biff refuses to work a conventional desk job and instead has taken a variety of manual labor jobs which he enjoys but which have very little social cache. "What the hell am I doing, playing around with horses, twenty-eight dollars a week," he says, even though he hated working office jobs when he would rather be "outdoors," with his shirt off (Miller 13). Biff is at least honest about what he wants, even though he is considered a failure by society. Happy, on the other hand, is considered more successful but is very shallow. He is also petty and jealous and thinks he is too good for the work he is currently doing: "See, Biff, everybody around me…… [read more]

Hawthorne S Early and Late Short Stories Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,154 words)
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Nathaniel Hawthorne: Guilt and Alienation

Nathaniel Hawthorne's themes of religion, power, and guilt run through all of his work. However, Hawthorne's presentation could be highly influenced by the context and audience of his stories. While stories such as "The Hollow of the Three Hills"; "Wakefield"; and "The Ambitious Guest" tend to reflect conventional concerns such as marital fidelity and the foolishness of being too ambitious, other stories such as: "The Minister's Black Veil"; "The Birth-mark"; "Rappaccini's Daughter" and "Ethan Brand" are more ambiguous in their presentation and also illustrate concerns such as gender relations within society.

Of all the stories, "The Hollow of the Three Hills" is perhaps the most conventionally written. It is a ghost tale about a woman who is unfaithful to her husband and is punished by a horrible death at the end of the story. The evil witch whom she consults seems to be pleased by her misery. Of course, the fact that she is punished by awful visions by the witch that break her heart shows how being too judgmental can be wicked like the witch and also highlights Hawthorne's fascination with the supernatural but ultimately the story still suggests that pursuing your desire outside of marriage is wrong. In the last vision, "Still there were revilings and anathemas, whispered but distinct, from women and from men, breathed against the daughter who had wrung the aged hearts of her parents -- the wife who had betrayed the trusting fondness of her husband -- the mother who had sinned against natural affection, and left her child to die" (Hawthorne 4).

Although Wakefield's motivations to leave his wife are much more ambiguous and, at least as articulated by the author, not from a desire to be unfaithful to Mrs. Wakefield, the author still condemns them, at least on the surface. Wakefield transgresses societal norms for no apparent reason: "little dreaming of the doom to which his first backward step devotes him, he hurries away, breathless with agitation hitherto unfelt, and hardly dares turn his head, at the distant corner. Can it be, that nobody caught sight of him...Wonderful escape!" (Hawthorne 2) His motivations are more mysterious and are imagined by the author (Hawthorne says the story was inspired by a newspaper article at the beginning of the tale and this is just speculation) but at least on the surface the story supports conventional morality. Similarly, in "The Ambitious Guest" the foolish desire of the guest for his name to live forever is thwarted by a rock fall and the humble people he stays with have names that live on instead.

"The Minister's Black Veil" is the story of another Hawthorne hero like Wakefield or the woman in "The Hollow of the Three Hills" who bears a strange guilt and covers his face for the duration of his life as a kind of penance. In the case of the minister, there is no obvious infidelity or reason for doing so. Like Wakefield, his actions are mysterious but because… [read more]

Analyzing Glass Menagerie Letter Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (633 words)
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Letter to Laura Wingfield

Dear Laura,

I hope this letter finds you in good spirits. The weather is good here and I am also doing well. "I traveled around a great deal" (Florman and Kestler, 2016). I hope same for mother too. I have wanted to write you for a long time as I miss you very much. The special bond that we share is hard to compensate with any other pleasure of life.

I have to apologize for my sudden elopement with the money meant for electricity bill. But, I would confess that my disappearance was not sudden as I always wanted to escape from that life. The reason for watching movies every night was just to give myself a break from my dull and monotonous life and experience the adventure that I have always dreamed of. As for you, the escape meant the escape from the outer world, while for me, it was the escape to the outer world (Roberts 2016). After being fired from the job and due to constant disapproval of mother, it seemed best to embark on a new journey of a wanderer as our father did. "I would have stopped, but I was pursued by something ... " (SparkNotes Editors, 2003). I do not know whether I achieved that something or not, but now I am certain that this escape was incomplete and imperfect. Your memories chase me wherever I go, and they are as confining as our Wingfield apartment was (SparkNotes Editors, 2003).

"Oh, Laura, Laura, I tried to leave you behind me, but I am more faithful than I intended to be" (SparkNotes Editors, 2003). I am aware now that my act of elopement was faithless and morally reprehensible. A major reason, for the guilt associated with it, is my inability to leave you fully behind. No matter where I go, any portion of glass or quality of…… [read more]

Spanish Novel the Swindler S Baroque Roots Book Report

Book Report  |  2 pages (676 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Swindler

The picaresque novel The Swindler by Francisco de Quevedo has baroque characteristics in the sense that it provides an episodic account of a charming low-life who attempts to con his way to a higher status in the world. It is an honest portrayal of a realistic person, who has some good and some bad in him, and the work as a whole reflects a great range of voices in society: it is broad, vivid, descriptive, and illustrative of an action -- which is what the Baroque Era art was all about. Baroque is a term that means literally "irregular pearl" and so the Swindler is a perfect example of Baroque literature, as it is about a character who is charming like a pearl but whose rough edges and lack of true virtue and nobility renders him less than the ideal. The baroque representations were not meant to be idealistic but rather dramatic -- representations of the tension that was exhibited throughout Europe at the time as a result of the religious and political conflicts between the Protestant Reformation leaders (who were not much taken by the arts) and the Catholic Counter-Reformation leaders (who patronized the arts and supported the baroque artists). The Protestant leaders were idealistic in the sense that they wanted to remake society anew according to their own doctrines. The Counter-Reformation leaders were more realistic in the sense that they saw human society as having faults and failings that had to be accepted and that could only really be improved upon by practicing the religion of the medieval world rather than the new religion of the Protestants.

Thus, Quevedo's Swindler illustrates the way in which real life dealt with these polarizing trends. The Swindler on the one hand ones to use tricks and deceptions in order to better his own condition: he is entirely self-centered. And yet at the same time, he is lovable in a way because he never gives up and shows great determination and perseverance in his aims: in spite…… [read more]

House of Mirth and Invisible Man Annotated Bibliography

Annotated Bibliography  |  4 pages (1,200 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Callahan, John F. "Before Publication." In Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man: A Casebook. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Within a compendium of essays related to Ralph Ellison's work, Callahan provides broad social and political context to better understand the theme of invisibility. The contextual analysis provided in this article allows the reader to gain considerable insight into the social and political implications of perceived invisibility and the factors that led Ellison to write about this theme. Callahan discusses Ellison's cultural zeitgeist and how it impacted the evolution of the novel. Thus, "Before Publication" encourages deeper insight into the theme of invisibility. Invisibility is related to racism, but also to the "great formlessness of Negro life wherein all values are in flux," (Callahan 24). With no formal social or cultural institutions, as a subordinate and not a dominant culture, without access to predictable patterns of identity formation let alone behavior, still influenced by dominant culture prejudices and violence like the fight scene in the early part of the novel, African-American culture struggles to assert itself and the culture remains embryonic. Callahan's analysis helps gain perspective on the theme of invisibility, which makes itself known at the intersections of race, class, gender, and power.

Franklin, Anderson J. "Invisibility Syndrome and Racial Identity Development in Psychotherapy and Counseling African-American Men." The Counseling Psychologist, Vol. 27, No. 6 (Nov 1999), p. 761-793.

Investigating the theme of invisibility invariably led to social science research on how the topic is not constrained to the literary domain or the realm of fiction. In fact, Ellison brought to light an experience common to African-American men, particularly at the turn of the century. Invisibility was a response to and a product of rampant racism and discrimination, and the inability of white America to recognize its black counterpart. Invisibility also refers to the deliberate hiding, often construed as "passing," as when biracial or light-skinned blacks "pass" for white, or when gay men "pass" for straight. Their hiding is a deliberate invisibility that responds to discrimination, a coping mechanism. The other type of invisibility is imposed by white society, and because research like this continues to reveal unique cognitive constructs in the African-American psyche, Franklin's work testifies to the lasting importance of The Invisible Man.

Goldner, Ellen J. "The Lying Woman and the Cause of Social Anxiety: Interdependence and the Woman's Body in The House of Mirth." Women's Studies, Vol. 21, Issue 3, 1992.

Starting off by noting the linguistic similarity between the act of fibbing (lying) with the horizontal position of the human body (also lying), Goldner draws attention to the feminization of lying as it is depicted in The House of Mirth. A lie can be defined as hiding the truth, or making the truth invisible, which is why this article permits a creative conjoining of some of the core issues and themes in The House of Mirth, which can also be linked to Invisible Man. Wharton makes sure that the only lying characters are female, which Goldner claims… [read more]

Romans 1 8 And the Teachings of Paul Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,015 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … Romans, Paul outlines some of the basic tenets of the Christian faith. Romans 1-8 specifically addresses issues related to the natural world, human identity, human relationships, Christian culture, and Christian worldview. Paul also addresses his audience knowing that he longs to preach the gospel in Europe, as he longs to spread Christ's message and create a new global community built on faith and bound by that same faith. Some of the core aspects of Paul's teachings include the fact that Christ's law supersedes that of the laws of the Old Testament, replacing the old laws with a new covenant. In this critical passage, Paul shows that faith alone is sufficient for salvation, and that only faith in Christ can pave the pathway towards heaven and salvation. Romans 1-8 lays the foundation for Christian morality, identity, and worldview.

Christ provides a new vision of the natural world, one in which the order of the universe has been clearly established. The natural world without Christ is full of sin, but Christ has the potential to liberate the believer from that sinful world. "But thanks be to God that, though you used to be slaves to sin, you have come to obey from your heart the pattern of teaching that has now claimed your allegiance," (Romans 6:17). Paul also points out that living in the mundane world and neglecting Christ will most certainly lead to death without the possibility of salvation; whereas belief in Christ will bestow eternal life as per Christ's teachings. Paul therefore concludes this passage of Romans, "if you live according to the flesh, you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the misdeeds of the body, you will live," (Romans 8:13).

Human identity had previously been enslaved by sin and false beliefs, but through Christ, humans can be freed from those shackles to assume a new identity in Christ. Believers must die to their old selves and be reborn with a Christian identity and Christian point-of-view. A Christian point-of-view begins with understanding how and why Christ died and was reborn to help lead us from sin. "For we know that our old self was crucified with him so that the body ruled by sin might be done away with, that we should no longer be slaves to sin because anyone who has died has been set free from sin," (Romans 6:6-7). Reborn in Christ, the human being can assume the new identity that is built on faith in God and a willingness to preach the gospel as Paul does.

Within the Christian worldview, human relationships are bound by Christ and must be free from sin. In Chapter 8 of Romans, Paul repeatedly emphasizes the temptations of the flesh and why they must be resisted if Christ is to enter into our hearts. Christian relationships cannot be based on sex alone, for "Those who live according to the flesh have their minds set on what the flesh desires; but those who live in accordance… [read more]

Response to Darder Reading Article Review

Article Review  |  2 pages (788 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Darder's critique of traditional pedagogical practices centers on the claim that there exist "power relations in classrooms that ultimately result in the subordination of bicultural students" (25). By the end of the paragraph in which she makes this claim, "bicultural students" have suddenly been redefined as "students of color" (25). When she returns to the subject of "pedagogical issues related to dominant and subordinate cultures in terms of the relations of power" it is to define the "dominant culture" in terms of the "ideologies, social practices, and structures that affirm the central values, interests, and concerns of those who are in control of the material and symbolic wealth in society" while the "subordinate culture refers to groups who exist in social and material subordination to the dominant culture" (30). By this definition, of course, women would qualify as a "subordinate culture," since making 70 cents to every dollar that men make for the same work is pretty much the definition of "social and material subordination" -- although Darder's outright equation of "bicultural students" with "students of color" (rather than "female students") in the opening paragraph makes it clear that she is less concerned with gender than with race or ethnicity; her concern for "bicultural students" is not predominantly imagining women operating in a male-dominated world as the definition of "bicultural." Darder eventually claims that "ideology can serve as a pedagogical tool of investigation rather than an instrument of domination" (32). In reacting to Darder's critique, it might be useful to inquire into her own ideology as expressed here is not potentially just as exclusionary as the ideology of the dominant culture: in an America where a man of color has been elected President twice but no woman has, it may be the case that Darder's emphasis on race or ethnicity as the basis on which "subordination" occurs is just another way of telling women that their concerns have to wait until more pressing and important concerns have first been addressed (which is, of course, a familiar method by which the subordination of women is accomplished by male hegemony). If nothing else, the "traditional pedagogical practices" that Darder wishes to critique have affected women as a class just as clearly as they have affected subaltern racial and ethnic groups, so it is unclear what the value of Darder's special emphasis on race and ethnicity is…… [read more]

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