"Transportation / Mass Transit" Essays

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Aviation Industry Political Drivers Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,390 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7


This brings us to our second significant driver which should encourage improvement in the aviation industry's sustainability efforts- ecological limitation and pollution damage. The aviation industry as it currently stands is wholly dependent on a fast depleting non-renewable resource. The entire aviation industry must evolve or become obsolete. If we do not find a large quantity of renewable of energy- which can be harnessed to fly aeroplanes-than there will be little need for this trade association. Even more immediately than that moment when the world's oil is so scarce that it becomes financially beyond the means of even multinational conglomerates, of greater concern, is the pollution which is emitted from the aeroplanes used by the aviation industry, and the impact of releasing CFCs directly near the ozone layer.

Among other factors, the ecological driver in the aviation industry presents itself in the form of pollution; in our industry's carbon footprint; and our lack of contribution to cleaning up the effects. To combat and embrace these shortcomings in an effort to alleviate our contributions to the damage of our ecosystems, we propose a voluntary pollution tax to be levied globally against transnational companies who emit CFS's without respect for any boundary. We can use the media to promote companies who are attempting to help the UK comply with its own obligations to cut emissions by 60% by the year 2050. (Strahan 2008)

It can even embrace the 'fair trade' movement's strategies. A participating company's services can be certified to be 'fair flight' etc., in order to distinguish those who are actively involved in combatting the negative externalities of conducting business and those are not. There is a wealth of support at both the local, national, and supra-national levels for the kinds of initiatives which acknowledge the truly global impact of the private decision to fly from Heathrow the JFK. We want to encourage our members to embrace Schopenhauer's philosophy about change: "change alone is eternal, perpetual, and immortal."

Ecological Drivers Evidence Requirement

At the same time that the world's production of crude oil- the basis for jet fuel- among many other fuels, is hitting its peak the demand for travel by aeroplane is expected to continue to grow. Nygren (2004:4005) states that air traffic is predicted to grow at 5% a year and demand for fuel at a 3% per year. As the amount of crude oil produced in the world continues to decrease and demand for aerospace travel increases, severe jet fuel shortages are to be expected as early as 2026. (Nygren 2004: 4007-09) The problems will revolve around both the price of the oil and the It is little wonder than the aviation industry in the United Kingdom is projected to produce 15.7 million tonnes of carbon dioxide even after restrictions have been applied by the year 2050. (Strahan 2008:2) At 15.7 million tonnes, that aviation industry will be producing roughly 25% of the all of the carbon dioxide emissions to come out of the United Kingdom.

Alternatives do… [read more]

Sexual Harassment: How I Learned Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (959 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


"Would you get arrested for letting me drive?" asked Sara.

"No," said Ben. "I bet the cop would let you off. Girls can always get out of a ticket by crying. Well, pretty girls, anyway." Sara blushed. "Why can't you drive where you're from, anyway? That's not true of all Muslim girls."

Sara shrugged. "Modesty," she said.

"I agree that driving is very immodest. It always brings out the worst in me." Sara knew that was true. Whenever she drove with Ben, he would always speed around as fast as possible, refusing to let anyone pass him, even if they had nowhere particular to go. Ben loved the thrill of the chase, the thrill of speed.

"How did you learn how to drive?" asked Sara.

"My cousin taught me."

"My cousin would be shocked if he saw me driving," said Sara.

"I'll bet," said Ben.

Sara carefully navigated the Honda between two parked cars in front of the pizza parlor.

Ben knew not to order pizza with sausage or pepperoni on it. Sara ordered one plain slice; Ben ordered a slice with everything on it. Sara had never eaten pork. She was curious about it, though, because Ben seemed to like it so much. It looked good and smelled good, but she could never bring herself to try it. Some things she could not permit herself to do.

Like the time Ben had asked her what her hair looked like. She wanted to take off her scarf, but she felt like she would be doing that only for Ben, not for herself. Learning to drive was something she was learning for herself as well as Ben. And she was sitting in the middle of a crowded pizza place, with people of every imaginable ethnicity, religion, and background, while eating with her friend Ben. That was an act of daring. Sara felt brave, but she wondered sometimes why, when she acted brave, she felt like she was giving up something as well.

Sara drove back to campus, confidently, keeping the car at exactly the speed limit. "Perhaps next week we'll try parallel parking," said Ben. "I think I'll need to find some orange cones for you to do a test run before you take it out onto the road." The two of them paused before they parted. With every step of learning to drive the moment before leaving grew longer and longer.

Sara didn't know where this was going. It was like her driving lessons. She wanted to learn how to drive and enjoyed driving. But she couldn't go fast and far unless she made a commitment to leave her past behind, and legitimize her presence in the U.S., somehow, some way. Driving recklessly with one foot in her past life would lead to disaster, for Ben and for herself.… [read more]

Rick Fisher Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,007 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


I make a lot of jokes about the bathroom situation, but it's the sort of little thing that's frustrating."

Fisher also notes that being confined to a wheelchair changes things for him socially. "Some people are totally cool, but sometimes you get people who just seem to think of you as a 'wheelchair guy'. That's pretty frustrating, especially when it's a cute girl. But then, who wants to be with a girl that has that kind of a negative outlook on life. It's an eye-opener, because being in a wheelchair I think you see more of people's honest reactions. I still have burns on my legs -- I can only imagine what some of those people would think of me if those were visible."

Today, Rick Fisher is back at the physiotherapy clinic. He positions his wheelchair at the foot of an apparatus that looks like the parallel bars from the Olympics gymnastics competition. He hoists himself out of the wheelchair and holds onto the bars much like a gymnast would. Holding himself in position, he puts his feet down on the floor. His right foot moves, slightly. It is not enough to support his weight, but it is more than he has moved any part of his legs in months. Rick sits back down, ecstatic.

"Not yet, but you watch. Six months from now, a year from now, I'll walk out of here on my own two legs. Then I won't have to be that handicapped guy anymore, and I can go back to just being Rick Fisher." He smiles. "That's what I want, to get past all this. I don't even consider failure to be an option."

Rick's father is proud of the progress his son has made. "He's faced a lot of difficult. It was hard for him at first. He couldn't hardly look at himself in the mirror. He blamed himself and I think it was tough just to focus on anything positive. But he got past that. He got past the setbacks."

One such setback occurred when he had just received his wheelchair. The family went to dinner to celebrate, but the restaurant's bathroom was not wheelchair accessible. "We didn't think about it," his father related, "we thought everything was wheelchair accessible in this day and age. We've had to be a lot smarter about that. Things go a lot smoother for us all now."

In our society, the physically disabled faces more changes than we realize. But no matter what their condition, and no matter how they came to be in that position, people with disabilities are still people. They struggle with their condition and they mostly just want their lives to be normal. Rick Fisher is lucky in that perhaps one day he will walk again. But for many, they just want society to see them as people full of ability, not people with disabilities.… [read more]

Ted Bundy Research Paper

Research Paper  |  3 pages (1,197 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Ted Bundy -- Serial Killer

"I'm the most cold-blooded son of a bitch you'll ever meet" (Bundy, quoted in Ted Bundy: Conversations with a Killer, Michaud, et al., 2000).

How could a young male who was good in high school, who was liked by his classmates, who did well academically at the University of Puget Sound -- and earned a bachelor's degree in psychology -- end up as one of the most notorious serial killers in the history of the United States? That's a question lingering around any research done on Ted Bundy, but the actual focus of this paper is on three aspects related to Bundy's killing, including: a) was he organized or disorganized; b) what was the victimology of his victims; and c) what is the difference between a serial killer (or serial rapist) and a spree killer?

Bundy was indeed in many ways an organized person

In the book Ted Bundy: Conversations with a Killer, the authors go to great lengths to review Bundy's own confessions and descriptions of his killing; in fact Stephen G. Michaud is credited with having conducted long exclusive interviews with Bundy when the serial killer was safely behind bars and awaiting execution. Bundy was intelligent, arrogant, and yet while he was a "repellent…figure" he also showed "charm," according to Michaud (15). He had an "innate need to manipulate," Michaud continues (15).

It may stretch credulity somewhat to say Bundy was organized, but clearly he couldn't have gotten away with nearly 30 vicious murders for as long as he did without having some sense or organization. Michaud notes that Bundy would plot out his victims, know where certain potential victims would be at specific times and he would know what van owners that had a history of leaving their keys in the car might leave their vans. Bundy may have been "degenerate" and a "savage killer," but he was also a "consummate gamesman," Michaud explains on page 15, and the mind has to be able to organize events and stories to play those sort of mind games with interviewers, as Bundy did.

Whether Bundy was talking about his life while he was in school, or "…detailing the essence of victim 'possession' -- he never seem to stop striving for a fuller, more comprehensible explanation for who he was and why he had become a killer" (Michaud, 15). A disorganized person would not go to these lengths to make his point and entertain his biographers.

In another book Michaud and Aynesworth wrote about Bundy (The Only Living Witness), the killer explained how he organized his attacks; using third person objective, Bundy told his interviewers that he began his darkest period just snooping around neighborhoods looking in windows to see women undressing or in some unclothed condition. "He gained, at times, a great amount of gratification from it," Bundy explained, talking about himself using "he" instead of "I" (Michaud, et al., 1999). "And [he] became increasingly adept at it," Bundy continued, "as anyone becomes adept… [read more]

Birmingham Biking Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (2,066 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 6


Birmingham Biking

Commuter Cycling Route for Birmingham City

Right now, there is no dedicated cycle path for commuters that goes throughout Birmingham City (Birmingham, 2011). One can cycle there, but he or she will be in the minority and quite often in danger due to drivers. In addition, the cycle paths that are available are designed as a series of… [read more]

Swept Wing Technology Is 75 Years Old Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,656 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Swept wing technology is 75 years old. But in that short amount of time it has been incorporated into nearly every aircraft design and played a major role in World War Two as well as in every other major air conflict in history. Its characteristics as a technological innovation are still being understood and future aircraft are being designed with… [read more]

Drinking and Driving Is Bad Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (678 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Scholarship Application -- Drunk Driving Issues

The topic of drunk driving is one that is very important to me on a personal level. That is because I came very close to losing my only brother to a drunk-driving accident. He drove is car into a tree and flipped it over several times; it was an accident that could easily have killed him. He recovered from his physical injuries but in some ways, I never completely recovered from it emotionally. Knowing how close I came to losing my brother to a senseless and careless act changed the way I look at drunk driving as an issue in society.

Since then, I have been actively involved in sharing my story with other teens because I know that many of my peers simply do not appreciate the importance of the issue. Many of them ignore the fact that they are prohibited by law from drinking alcohol in the first place. While I do not presume to judge their choice to drink before they are allowed to, I have found that those who are most comfortable ignoring the legal drinking age are also the same people who tend to be the least responsible more generally. The fact of the matter is that teenage drivers are already the most likely drivers to be involved in car accidents, even when they do not drink alcohol. That is because teenagers in general are the least experienced as drivers and because teenagers and young adults do not yet have the necessary cognitive maturity to accurately perceive and weigh relative risks.

When the variable of alcohol is added to that formula, it is a recipe for disaster. In addition to being the most inexperienced drivers who also lack the ability to make the best decisions in relation to risks, teenage and young adults are also the least experienced drinkers. While drinking any alcohol (even without exceeding the statutory limit for intoxication) is never a good decision by anybody who plans on driving later, at least older adults have…… [read more]

Aviation Maintenance and Management Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,029 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Another level of inspection is at the official level, where official representatives from entities such as the FAA inspect aircraft for their compliance to official regulations. In such cases, managers must ensure that they are fully aware of the requirements of the particular type of aircraft that they house. Managers can delegate investigation duties to researchers in order to ensure that they maintain a full list of up-to-date requirements.

Aging aircraft could also present particular dangers to personnel and passengers. Some aircraft remain in use far beyond the lifetimes initially envisioned when they were manufactured (AOPA, 2011). Aircraft managers, therefore, should have a thorough plan in place for the maintenance of aircraft that are aging. In such a case, particular teams of people could also be assigned to the regular inspection and repair of such aircraft. The AOPA (2011) provides a list of sources that should be inherent in a maintenance plan for aging aircraft. A complete list of logbook entries, for example, could provide valuable information relating to maintenance trends and the probably current level of repair. Major repairs should also be listed in such a logbook. Aircraft records from the FAA are also an important component of this investigation and can provide information such as bills-of-sale, repair, and alterations to the aircraft. Having such information on hand will make it much easier to investigate the state of repair of aging aircraft and also to plan for future inspection and repair efforts. It is vital that aging aircraft be kept in good working condition to minimize breakdown and accidents.

All repair efforts and quality of inspection are only as high as the level of excellence within the human beings performing these tasks. For this reason, aircraft managers should be deeply aware of the human factor in the maintenance, repair, and inspection processes. This importance is demonstrated by the statistics. According to Xavier (2005, p. 1), 80% of aviation accidents are due to human error, while 50% of all accidents include a maintenance component in the human error factor. For this reason, managers should implement specific programs, such as the quality framework suggested by Xavier (2005) in order to ensure the minimization of human error. One way in which this could also be done is to use approaches such as the Maintenance Steering Group. The main focus should be to ensure that those who work on the maintenance, repairs, and inspections of aircraft are at an optimal level of performance at all times.

Managers of aircraft companies should ensure that their personnel are operating at an optimal level at all times. The success of this component will determine the success of the rest of aircraft repair and maintenance.


AOPA. (2011). Best Practices Guide for Maintaining Aging General Aviation Airplanes. Retrieved from: http://www.vintageaircraft.org/informational_articles/Best%20Practices%20Guide%20for%20Maintaining%20Aging%20General%20Aviation%20Airplanes.pdf

Kinnison, H.A. (2004). Aviation Maintenance Management. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc.

Xavier, A.J. (2005, March). Managing Human Factors in Aircraft Maintenance Through a Performance Excellence Framework. Retrieved from: http://www.system-safety.com/articles/Xavier%20Thesis.pdf… [read more]

Hybrid SUV Buying the Right Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,529 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


¶ … Hybrid SUV

Buying the right SUV is a serious decision. The Jones family is looking for a hybrid SUV, because they want to be frugal and protect the environment. As an upper-middle class family they have the money to purchase any hybrid SUV they would like, but thrift is important to them and they are focused on getting… [read more]

VMC Determination Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,633 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


Vmc Determination


Determination of Vmc for Piper Seminole

Federal Aviation Administration (2007) defines Vmc as "the calibrated airspeed at which, when the critical engine is suddenly made inoperative, it is possible to maintain control of the airplane with that engine still inoperative, and thereafter maintain straight flight at the same speed with an angle of bank of not more… [read more]

Coca-Cola Estar Zero Emission Electronic Truck Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (697 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Eco-Friendly Vehicles

Coca Cola eStar Zero Emission Electronic Truck

The New Coke (System of Delivery)

When you hear the word 'Coca-Cola,' very likely the first color that springs to mind is red, not green, in testimony to the iconic bottler's label. Coca-Cola hopes that may change. Coca-Cola has introduced a new fleet of environmentally-friendly vehicles to distribute its product. In September, it introduced six eStar ™ all-electric, zero-emission trucks to its alternative fuel vehicles (AFV) that drive throughout North America. Each truck can run up to 100 miles on a single charge and a battery can be fully recharged in six to eight hours. "A quick-change cassette-type battery can be swapped out in 20 minutes, enabling around-the-clock operations and aligning the vehicles as an absolute alternative to fossil-fuel urban delivery trucks" (Coca-Cola® leads the charge toward greener fleets, 2011, Coca-Cola).

As well as helping preserve the environment, the trucks will also result in fuel savings for the company, up to 60% per vehicle. Even trucks that are not fully hybridized (most trucks are concentrated in major metropolitan areas) are propelled by drivers trained in the company's Smartdriver program, which teaches fuel-saving techniques like minimal braking and early gear changes, and are propelled by light-duty propane and natural gas options . A total of 750 AVDs will make up the Coca-Cola fleet by the end of the year, which is currently the largest heavy-duty hybrid electric delivery system in the nation. The Department of Energy, thanks to efforts such as these, recently recognized Coca-Cola as a partner in its National Clean Fleets Partnership Program (Coca-Cola® leads the charge toward greener fleets, 2011, Coca-Cola).

Coca-Cola has a company-wide program designed to create more environmentally-friendly vehicles. "Other initiatives include the Company's goal of phasing out the use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) in all its new vendors and cooling equipment by 2015 and testing fuel cell technology in production facilities to provide electricity while reducing the facility's carbon footprint" (Coca-Cola® leads the charge toward greener fleets, 2011, Coca-Cola). Other initiatives include the introduction of the Plant Bottle, a bottle made from renewable, recyclable,…… [read more]

Money in Aviation in the Book Reaction Paper

Reaction Paper  |  4 pages (1,061 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … Money in Aviation

In the book "Why We Can't Make Money in Aviation," Adam Pilarski addresses a perplexing, and costly, business problem: why are airline companies so consistently unprofitable? This question is important not only for investors and students of business management, but for American taxpayers as well. The airline industry is one of the most highly subsidized industries in the United States.

Pilarski surveys the various explanations offered for the poor financial performance of the airline industry to variety of factors. He splits these explanations into three categories: factors caused by the airline industry itself, factors caused by the airline companies, and factors that are caused by government. Pilarski critically evaluates each explanation and rejects most of them. The only explanations which Pilarski finds convincing are those which assign culpability to the airline companies themselves.

Thesis: Pilarski's critique of the explanations is very incisive. It reveals widespread misconceptions about the airline industry and of basic economics in general. Pilarski shows that many explanations sound plausible, even reasonable, on the surface but collapse under even the most cursory investigation.


Pilarski attributes the poor performance of airlines to a number of different factors. Pilarski devotes a chapter to each individual factor. He splits these factors up into three categories: exogeneous factors (originating outside companies), endogeneous factors (originating within airline companies), and overregulation.

Exogeneous Factors

Pilarski reviews the explanations that claim that the problems are caused by certain industry realities. He terms these problems "the nature of the beast" factors, meaning the nature of the industry. Because they are out of the control of airline companies, he calls them exogeneous factors. These factors are: cyclicality, ease of access to capital, cost of aircraft, too much competition, and the naivete of market entrants in the airline industry.

Pilarski rejects the explanations based on cyclicality, cost of aircraft, and too much competition. Regarding the argument that there is too much competition, Pilarski notes that even if the number of competitors were reduced from 6 to 3, the remaining 3 companies would still use the same ineffective business practices, which would lead to the same poor financial performance.

Pilarski, however, accepts that ease of access to airplane financing may be eroding financial discipline among airline companies.

It also floods the airline industry with weak players who would normally be weeded out at the financing stage in most other industries. Also, Pilarski considers the possibility that the prestige and cache of the airline industry is attracting a lot of naive market entrants, or "dreamers and suckers" as he calls them.

Endogeneous Factors

Pilarski reviews the explanations that claim that the problems are caused by the airline companies themselves. He refers to these "self-inflicted" problems as endogeneous factors. These factors are: labor relations, bad management, and pricing. Pilarski is particularly focused on the pricing factor. He believes that most airline companies are simply charging too much for the product they are providing to their customers. He points to the low-cost carrier Southwest Airlines, one… [read more]

Positive Psychology Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (969 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Positive Psychology

Bernard carried around a Hindu amulet everywhere. To school, to work, to the Protestant church he belonged to, to the grocery store, to sporting events, to seedy bars and shopping malls -- pretty much everywhere.

He seemed to love that thing. I think he thought it brought him good fortune. I never confirmed this though, so I'm not really sure why he carried it.

Bernard is uncomely. He has teeth too small for his face. As a result, he has had a lot of trouble finding someone respectable to date or hang out with or watch the latest horror movie with.

People, girls in particular, often laughed behind his back. Actually, they still do, even though he is now in college and people tend to be less judgmental and critical.

Growing up he was lonely and sad and, oftentimes, silent.

A few months ago, I saw Bernard walking to a local 7/11 to apparently pick up menthol cigarettes. Bernard had just started smoking menthols. I asked him, "How you doing"?

He looked surprised -- as if this was the first time anyone had ever spoken to him.

He grumbled back, "I'm fine." I said, "Oh, yeah?" He said, "Yeah."

I asked him if I could see his amulet. He said, "Why?" I said, "Because I'm thinking about getting one."

He handed me the amulet. It was blue oval that had tiny beads dangling from strings (like the shape of an octopus).

We were near a highway overpass. I threw Bernard's amulet off the overpass into the freeway. It shattered on the concrete into little blue shards.

Bernard stared at me, through me. He didn't say a word. I tucked my hands in my pockets and walked away. We haven't spoken since.

A few weeks after I threw Bernard's Hindu amulet off the highway overpass, he was seen with Kristy -- an old girl I used to date.

It later became known that Bernard finally had a girlfriend - a first for him. I smiled upon hearing the news. It worked!


When asked to distill the secret to life into one word, the Dalai Lama said, "Routine." I agree with the Dalai Lama. And I've fashioned my life to reflect his wisdom.

Thusly, when asked to describe which paradigm I most closely identify with, I would choose satisficing over maximizing. However, I would note that my daily routine is not something that I find to be moderately satisfying and/or sufficient, imbued with the mundane pragmatism satisficing implies, rather my daily routine is something I find great joy in.

To unpack this a little more, I am a creature of habit. I like doing the same things at the same time throughout the week. For example, on Mon, Wed, Thurs, I wake up at 7:00 AM and I run around my block. It is approximately 2.4 miles. It takes me 21 minutes…… [read more]

BMW Investor Analysis Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (547 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


The Chinese market for instance weather the recession better than many developed nations. Additionally, China's middle class is expanding rapidly. Therefore these factors have provided a market for BMW's products that is growing and able to afford luxury goods. For example, demand from China for BMW vehicles grew by about 60% in first-half 2011 compared with first-half 2010 (Reuters). Although S&P also expects the rebound-related higher growth to come to an end in the next 12 months, if not earlier, due to a new deep stagnation in mature economies and slower demand growth from new economies.

Although the company has experience increased profit margins and has rebounded from the recession quite well, it is recommended that investors sell the stock. The rationale for this decision is as follows. BMW has performed remarkably well recently however this performance is represented in the current stock price. Since the developing markets are expected to reach a plateau and mature markets are experiencing stagnation, then it is reasonable to suspect that BMW will be unable to maintain is current record of success; at least in the short-term. Investors who are interested in longer term analysis may reasonably come to a different conclusion. However since there is so much risk and uncertainty in the short-term, BMW is subject to a relatively large exposure to this since it rests in the luxury goods automobile market.

Works Cited

BMW Group. Share price performance. 27 October 2011. Web. 27 October 2011.

Reuters. TEXT-S&P revises BMW outlook to positive. 15 September 2011. Web.…… [read more]

Singapore Airlines Has Tough Competition Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (982 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


To overcome the problem of sexist accusers and the west, one can include mechanics and pilots assuring the public. It can be the 'Singapore Team' and the girl can be a part of it. The use of the 'Discovery Networks UK' to push the airline's brand across on-air and online platforms with the advertising campaign and online promotions, are a good idea that can bring the name of the Airlines when one thinks of booking. The 2007 wide bay Australia industrial air show was not a good idea, because the Airlines need not show off its aircrafts, but it could have been the venue to announce the purchase of modern aircraft if such a move was contemplated. The stereotype young woman has to be replaced with a family of airline staff.

Other sales promotion tactics like the special fares, frequent flyer programs, boarding pass promotion and so on is not unique to Singapore and they are now the part of a very much expected feature of Airlines. Can these be unique? The local travel agencies may bring in tourists and the development of tourism and tie up with hotels may be in the end rewarding for the business. To promote the Airlines therefore the Tourism Bureau may have to be relied upon. Even then to be competitive the Airlines have to change a lot and all too soon.

Suggestion to company for future action plans

The advertising has not been that adequate because the company has been concentrating on the European and American segment. What about Asia? Why did the Company leave out the Asian community who has more travel potential? The great fares are available to Singapore Airlines destinations throughout Europe as well as optional add-on flights from selected European cities to New York, Houston or Sao Paulo. This sale also includes passengers who travel with Virgin Australia onto Singapore Airlines to Europe. The future country is India from where along with China there are great potential for investors, middle class businessmen and tourists to make Singapore a destination.

At the moment the competition is being gained by Air India and the Chinese are not willing to let us break the monopoly. To compete with them it is suggested that tourist packages offering weekly and monthly stay at Singapore for tourists that as a package cost less and is affordable for the middle class Indian be floated and it be advertised in the Indian media. Agents and tourist operators of that country could be also contacted and empanelled. That way the visa and other hassles for a week tour, month tour and so on can be settled and these tourists can be attracted to Singapore. Eventually the competition will have been overthrown.

References: Have used only materials from the essay send by the…… [read more]

Ba - Iberia Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (847 words)
Style: Harvard  |  Bibliography Sources: 4


The combined IAG has greater power over its suppliers, which helps to drive down costs, and better control over trans-Atlantic routes in particular, which helps to improve revenues.

The PEST analysis can also help to understand the characteristics of the external environment. The first aspect is the political environment. Airlines are heavily regulated, and this adds to the cost structure, but these costs are universal to all airlines operating in the EU. There are some political dimensions to landing rights as well, as many national carriers have exclusivity over the most desirable airports. When airlines combine, they gain better access to more key airports through their alliance. The economic environment was challenging at the time of the merger (Werdigier, J., 2009), providing incentive for firms in the industry to merge in order to improve their bargaining power over suppliers. The economic environment for European airlines with a Trans-Atlantic and continental focus remains weak as the economies of both Europe and North America are subject to slow recovery. The social environment remains strong. Economic considerations aside, people still love to travel. The latent demand for air travel is still strong, even if purchases decline somewhat. The technological environment is relatively stable in the airline industry today. There is continuous innovation in flight technology, but it is largely incremental at this point, with no major new technologies revolutionizing air travel. This benefits airlines -- there are also no major new technologies on the horizon that are threatening the basic business model of airlines either. In general, the external environment is favourable for airlines; while there are challenges, those challenges are by no means insurmountable. Given the prevailing conditions, industry consolidation is a good option for improving bargaining power and control over key routes.

References List

Arnott, S., 2010. BA and Iberia Sign Merger Deal, at Last. Business Week. [Online] Available at http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/content/apr2010/gb2010049_464729.htm [Accessed October 26, 2011]

QuickMBA., 2010. Porter's Five Forces. [Online] Available at http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/porter.shtml [Accessed October 26, 2011]

Rothwell, S., 2011, 1. BA-Iberia Group Taps U.S. Business Boom to Outdo Air France-KLM, Lufthansa. Bloomberg. [Online] Available at http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-07-29/ba-iberia-post-second-quarter-profit.html [Accessed October 26, 2011]

Rothwell, S., 2011, 2. BA-Iberia Overtakes Air France by Market Value as IAG Stocks Start Trading. Bloomberg. [Online] Available at http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-01-24/british-airways-merger-with-iberia-takes-off-as-iag-group-begins-trading.html [Accessed October 26, 2011]

Werdigier, J., 2009. British Airways and Iberia Plan to Merge. New York Times. [Online]. Available at http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/13/business/global/13air.html [Accessed October 26, 2011]… [read more]

UAV: Human Interaction &amp Safe Operation Multiple Chapters

Multiple Chapters  |  10 pages (3,372 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


¶ … Human Factors Affecting Safe

Operation Of The UAV

Study of Selected Human Factors affecting safe operation of the UAV

In the history of mankind, pilots have asked to carry out dangerous tasks such as carrying dangerous mission at enemy airspace, or National Guard missions during natural disasters or earthquakes. Some of these missions have resulted in mortality of… [read more]

Advances in Wildland Firefighting Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,413 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5


Advances in Wildland Firefighting

Chuck Bushey should know a lot about advances in wildland firefighting dynamics. He's been part of firefighting efforts in wildlands for many years, and in fact he was out there in 1983 when "…we first moved from using TI-59 hand calculators for making fire behavior predictions," and he recalls the "early version of the BEHAVE program,… [read more]

Noise Information as Noise a Common Reactionary Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (848 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


¶ … Noise

Information as Noise

A common reactionary stance to the advent of the Internet and other modern communication technologies is that the inundation of information created by such media is tantamount to the creation of so much mental noise, to the point that the chaotic cacophony makes simple and rational thought all but impossible to develop and perhaps entirely impossible to hear. The sounds of civilization that Seneca wrote about in first century Rome have been increased and expanded by technological advancements over the past two thousand years; the sounds of the gym are actually remarkably similar but they have been joined by the sounds of the freeways and airplanes, and by the ability to interject visual noise into almost any view or experience. There is no way to remain a connected member of modern society and avoid the rapid flow of information, and in fact it is becoming increasingly necessary to seek out and process information with ever-greater rapidity even while the amount of information that must be so processed continues to grow at an exponential rate.

But is it really as bad as certain social commentators and scholars have claimed? Does all of this information really add up to nothing more than so much noise, serving no purpose other than to distract and dissuade from rational and direct thought? Are attention spans and critical thinking skills really as damaged by the modern noise of information as much as is claimed by some extreme Luddites, or are there advantages to the amount of information not only available but clamoring for attention in the modern age? A reflection on how information truly works in the Information Age reveals that things might not have changes as much as we think.

There is no question that we are presented with more noise -- more auditory and visual information -- in this day and age than in any other. Electronic media has made this noise a ubiquitous and for many a continuous part of daily life since the radio first became a household appliance, through the creation and proliferation of the television, and continuing with the Internet and the plethora of computers, tablets, media players, video game systems, and other devices that utilize the Internet and other technological developments to enable users to access more and more information at faster and faster speeds. The vast majority of websites are funded through advertising revenue, meaning the information actually being sought on the web is being presented alongside and in competition with advertisements that are colorful and…… [read more]

Managing the Firm Case Study

Case Study  |  2 pages (559 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Also, the threats they pose are highly likely to materialize. In this order of ideas, the problem with the financial cost of the airport development is raised in the context of the ongoing internationalized economic crisis. In this situation, the London authorities ought to focus on restoring stability, rather than making investments.

Then, at the level of the environmental concerns, these are likely to materialize in protests and boycotts, created by the population. Still, the populous disapproval is only a medium impact, high probability feature, as an actual impact is not expected to cause major problems. The primary loss from the materialization of this threat would however be represented by the loss of public trust in the authorities, as well as by the loss of trust in the British commitment to environmental sustainability -- a much required element in today's society.


Murray, D., 2011, London airport pollution levels well above safety limits, Airport Business, http://www.airportbusiness.com/web/online/Airport-News/London-Airport-Pollution-Levels-Well-Above-Safety-Limits/4$5,761 last accessed on September 2, 2011

Managing the firm in the non-market environment, You Tube Video available at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AMYWgMSwsnI… [read more]

Systems of Equations (Part I) Assessment

Assessment  |  2 pages (493 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


This means that x + y = 44,000 people, and that 13x + 6y = $369,000. The system of equations is seen as follows:

Equation 1: x + y = 44,000

Equation 2: 13x + 6y = 369,000

Isolating for x, we get:

x + y = 44,000 x = 44,000 -- y

Substituting for Equation 2:

13x + 6y = 369,000 13(44,000 -- y) + 6y = 369,000 572,000 -- 13y + 6y = 369,000 572,000 -- 7y = 369,000 -7y = -203,000 y = 29,000

Plugging in for x:

x = 44,000 -- y x = 44,000 -- 29,000 = 15,000

In conclusion, 15,000 people paid for $13 reserved seating, and 29,000 people paid for $6 general admission.

3. Solve the system of equations x + 3y = 32

-3x + 2y = 3

Isolating for x for the first equation, we get x + 3y = 32 x = 32 -- 3y

Substituting for the second equation, we get

-3x + 2y = 3 -3(32-3y) + 2y = 3 -96 + 9y + 2y = 3 11y = 99 y = 9

Plugging in to the x equation, we get x = 32 -- 3y x = 32 -- 3(9) x = 32 -- 27 x = 5

Therefore, x = 5, y = 9.

4. Solve the system of equations x + y = 5

x - y = -9

Using a different method (addition), one solves the…… [read more]

Strategic Warehousing at Toyota Motor Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (701 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Toyota spent several year revamping its ordering, manufacturing, and distribution to make it easier for dealers and customers to make changes right before production. Their goal at the time they upgraded their system was to reduce the average time between dealer order and delivery from Toyota's North American factories from 70 days to 14 days. This change resulted in making customers happy, as well as cutting dealer inventory costs and the need for Toyota to spend on rebates for slower-moving vehicles (Broyles, Beims, Franko & Bergman, 2005).

In order to benefit from providing customized orders and reducing average delivery time, Toyota developed its own software that connects dealers to factories and factories to suppliers. By integrating their value chain, Toyota created visibility for all members if its supply chain. When a request from a dealer is received, their software determines the availability of parts nearby, the time to re-sequence the assembly line and whether the change would unbalance the line by scheduling, for example, too many models loaded with time-consuming options one right after the other (Broyles et al., 2005).

Toyota also adjusted their distribution process to begin sending finished vehicles to sorting docks where they could be grouped again by region. This new process cut delivery time by two days. Also, in the process of assembling cars, Toyota began considering destination, so that it could for example, make vehicles destined for Seattle at the same time. This process adjustment also provided Toyota with cost savings as a result. Toyota achieved a competitive advantage within its industry by using the just in time process and allowing visibility between them and other members of the value chain (Broyles et al., 2005).

Works Cited

Broyles, D., Beims, J., Franko, J., and Bergman, M. (2005). AcademicMind Website. Retrieved July 24, 2011 from http://www.academicmind.com/unpublishedpapers/business/operationsmanagement/2005-04-000aaf-just-in-time-inventory-management.html

Lean Deployment. (2011). Just in time. Retrieved July 24, 2011 from http://www.leandeployment.com/pages/just-in-time.php

Toyota Website. (2011). Just in time -- Philosophy of complete elimination of waste. Retrieved July 24, 2011 from http://www.toyota-global.com/company/vision_philosophy/toyota_production_system/just-in-time.html… [read more]

Replacing the Current Mode Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  6 pages (1,965 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


The overall costs for this program thus come basically to the credit for an hour for the Learjet 45*/45*XR at $2,190, and the cost per hour is $2,710 which about adds up to the total costs. (Flexijet, 2011d) The cost of the fractional ownership amount at 1/8 share and at 100 hours per year for the Learjet 40 is calculated thus: The cost of the purchase: $800,000, per hour cost $1,985 and fees 16,300 and the fuel at $1,391 per hour. (Flexijet, 2011a) Thus the overall costs will always be less than what the company is now spending for the executive travel. Thus this is a better flexible option. What remains is to see if this expenditure will be less than the cost of using airlines.

Cost Comparisons:

The total costs came to $75,000 per month with $15,000 for travel expenses and other expenses not included still brings about a total cost of $95,000 -- 100,000. That being the case and the added pressure of travel and finding flights and other formalities on the executives can be more costly. In comparison the cost of use of the Flexijet package would include the one time $800,000, which is refundable and is also an investment in the sense that free air time can be sold. This is so because the fliers of the aircraft are only three or four executives and the rest of the space can be booked and revenue generated. Since the costs can be depreciated there will be tax savings, and added to that it can be sold in the market and thus becomes an asset. The costs, excluding this totals to about $65,000 -- 72000 per annum. Therefore this option is in any case better than the mode of travel used now.


It is therefore strongly recommended that Acme negotiate with the Fexijet Company and see if there can be further gains made in the package and try it out for a stipulated period of one year with the option of continuing thereafter for mutually agreed terms.


aerospace-technology.com. (2011) "Lear Jet Specs" Retrieved 1 July 2011 from http://www.aerospace-technology.com/projects/learjet/specs.html

Affluent Magazine. (2011) "Flexjet's Innovative Round Trip Pricing Program" Affluent

Magazine, Retrieved 1 July 2011 from http://www.affluentmagazine.com/articles/article/309

Boarnet, Marlon G; Crane, Randall. (2001) "Travel by Design: The Influence of Urban Form

on Travel." Oxford University Press: New York.

Flexijet. (2011a) "Flexijet Costs: Pricing" Retrieved 1 July 2011 from http://www.flexjet.com/programs/fractional_ownership/pricing/

Flexijet. (2011b) "Flexijet pricing -- Charter" Retrieved 1 July 2011 from http://www.flexjet.com/programs/charter/pricing/

Flexijet. (2011c) "Flexjet Forms Alliance with Rosewood Hotels & Resorts, Customers Gain

Exclusive Benefits" Retrieved 1 July 2011 from http://www.flexjet.com/admin/uploads/c353ef94-b8b0-4d6e-91ba-2f2f12d5473arosewoodpressreleasefinal.pdf

Flexijet. (2011d) "The versatility brochure" Retrieved 1 July 2011 from http://www.flexjet.com/pdf/Versatility_Plus_Brochure.pdf

Ward, Frank A; Beal, Diana. (2000) "Valuing Nature with Travel Cost Models: A Manual."

Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, England.… [read more]

Visual Analysis -- Media Journal Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (716 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


Perhaps it was thrown on the floor with resolute definition, or maybe it drifted from the hand that fell to her side when she leaned back to stare at the clock. No matter. There is plenty of work left in the in-box, and precariously stacked, it is about to cascade off onto the desk and floor. If an in-box falls in the cubicle and no one is there to hear it

It is not even a quarter past nine -- early in the day for the ticking of the bomb. The time bomb is heard only in your head. Tick. Tick. Times a wastin'. Tick. Tick. How do you want to spend the rest of your life? Tick. Tick. Who was it? -- Oh yes, Gauguin -- who ran away to Tahiti. Well, maybe you'll only go as far as Honolulu. Paradise for only $849 -- one-way would be even cheaper. Say goodbye to the cubicle. Maybe I'll bartend on the beach.


When I study the arrangement of objects in the room -- and the room itself -- my mind wants to do several things. I want to move the ceiling down so that it is closer to the chair, and I want to create a block of books or something for the chair wheels so that they won't roll when I climb up in the chair. These details are a bother because, without these adjustments, the whole idea becomes a little less conceivable. And I really want this method of escape to work. However, if I think about it, I might have been lifted through the opening in the ceiling tile and pulled right into a seat of another kind -- situated right in the first class section (might as well imagine large) of a plane that is part of the Canadian Airlines fleet. In this scenario, dimensions really don't matter. I am okay with this version, too.


The ad is from the online portfolio of Jodie Westbury, who currently resides at Whistler, British Columbia. Retrieved http://www.jodiwestbury.com/portfolio/… [read more]

Curtiss-Wright Curtiss Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (2,956 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


His concern, if the Smithsonian did not believe that were aviations pioneers of human flight other revisionists would create their own versions of the birth of the airplane as well.

An incredible storm in 1913 almost destroyed the Wright Brothers Flyer and a great deal of their "proof paperwork and photographs" (Polmarr, 2011). Fortunately for the Wright Brothers, the Flyer… [read more]

Business - Management Strategy Implementation Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (720 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


This answers the question of what are the skills, experience, and knowledge of the company's employees. This is a valuable source in defining the people component of this airline.

Southwest Airlines and the MBTI® Assessment Creating a Corporate Culture That Soars -

This article describes the values and philosophies that the airline uses to train their employees. It talks about how they develop their employees into leaders and how they create the culture by utilizing their employee's depth and quality. This appears to be a very reliable source.

Southwest's Secret to a Positive Corporate Culture: Its Employees - http://bclc.uschamber.com/about/companies/southwest-airlines

This source answers the question of what are the attitudes about the company and their jobs. It also explains the dominate management style of empowering its managers and front-line staff to act as problem solvers. This is a very objective and reliable article.


Our Culture - http://www.southwest.com/html/about-southwest/careers/culture.html

This source talks about the company's values and how they are widely shared accepted by the employees. This identifies the key norms of behavior that they employees carry out. This is a great insight into the employees and their jobs.

The Southwest Airlines Way: Using the Power of Relationships to Achieve High Performance - http://www.coachingandmentoring.com/BookReviews/SouthwestAirlinesWay.htm

This source looks at how Southwest Airlines uses conflict to build better relationships. At Southwest, managers are expected to take an active role in resolving cross-functional conflicts. When conflicts arise and are not resolved by the parties themselves, a conflict resolutions process is used. This is a great source in order to understand what goes on behind the scenes at the airline.… [read more]

Sustain High Performance Public Organizations Book Review

Book Review  |  8 pages (2,363 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


Point-to-Point is a board game. Progress around the game board occurs in a counter-clockwise fashion, with play beginning on the airplane at the center bottom of the board. Each player chooses one or more tokens -- airplanes representing different airlines -- that will be used as a marker as they progress through the game. Players move from picture to picture… [read more]

Robert Moses Demonic Angel Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (768 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1


It is at this point that Moses began increase the connectivity of New York's road and highway system with the interstate system that was created at that time. Throughout the 1950's and 60's, Moses continued to work on roads and highways, transforming New York into a modern city with fully integrated boroughs, and by a highway system that could take a New Yorker anywhere in the country.

What eventually led to Robert Moses' downfall from power was his increasingly controversial project proposals. While Moses' projects remained on the fringes of the metropolitan area, he ran into only limited opposition. But as his proposals moved increasingly toward the center of the city, he ran into greater opposition. His programs would "displace more people, were more likely to disrupt established neighborhoods and communities, and generally had the potential to do more damage to existing property and the surrounding urban fabric." (Ballon, 92)

Another cause of his fall from power came because of the public's reaction to the ever increasing flow of traffic and congestion. By the late 1960's, the American public no longer supported highway development for the sake of development, they did not want any further building of large highway projects.

Like many people who start out with the best of intentions, Robert Moses served his city well. He transformed New York city from a "horse and cart" city into a modern metropolis equipped for the explosion of automobiles after World War II. But like many people who have held great power for a long time, Robert Moses lost touch with the common people he was supposed to be helping. His projects became more important that the people they were supposed to serve, and when this happened, he lost public support. His proposed destruction of large parts of neighborhoods, especially low-income and minority areas, earned him the label of "racist." Whether deserved or not, Moses did propose urban projects with little regard for those who lived in the areas, especially minorities. Robert Moses was a good man who lost his connection to the people he was supposed to help, and in doing so has done some very bad things.

Works Cited

Ballon, Hilary, and Kenneth Jackson. Robert Moses and the Modern City: the Transformation of New York. New York: W.W. Norton, 2007.…… [read more]

Person Identity Weirob Believes Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,053 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0


Let us also say that I get in an accident, and I loss my leg. A cybernetic leg using this technology then replaces that leg. It would be hard to argue that this is no longer me. Then an arm is replaced because of another accident. It would still seem to be me. Then an eye is replaced, and then a leg. Then my stomach is replaced, and a lung. This goes on until the only thing left is the brain. Is this still me? If not, at what point did I "die?" It would seem that only after the brain is replaced (that organ which holds the memories and impressions, as well as wants and desires) is the person no longer me. Certainly, it would not make sense to say that if my brain were replaced straight away, and the rest of my body were left, that this would still be me. The animating mechanism would be missing; the cornerstone would have been removed.

Therefore, I think that one's identity is bound up in the brain. Now, I am not inclined to agree that duplication of the brain indicates sameness. There is no longer an unbroken chain of experiences in this case. When one's brain is copied (say either by God or by mad scientist), the copy is not the original, just as the copy of a CD is not the original. It may play the same and have the same information, but the original is the original.

Further, it would seem to make sense to say that if someone's brain were injured or diseased in such a way to have wiped out all of the things that made that person herself (e.g., memories, personality characteristics) and there was no way to get them back, that person could be said to have died because the chain would be broken (i.e., they would not have the memories needed for identity). They would have become someone else, because, while the brain is still there, they are missing requisite parts of the continuity stream. Psychological cases of people with multiple personality disorders would seem to hold this to be true also. For example, when Sam and Bob share a body, Sam is not Bob and Bob is not Sam. Sam has had certain (causally related and traceable) experiences, using the Bob-Sam body, which Bob did not have (and, of course, does not remember). Therefore, they could not be the same person. This does, however, leave open the question of how many identities can be in one brain, but that is not point. The brain, then, is the carrier of identity, different from the body at large, and a traceable casual chain of events must be present to link the brain to identity, of which memory must be a part, but not the whole (much like the parts of the river connect to make the same river, and that river must consist of oxygen (as part of water) but that oxygen is not… [read more]

Sampled, and the Various Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,492 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+


The field research method is mostly used on small sample sizes because it needs high cost and more time as compared to other research methods. In this research method, the researcher cannot control biasness factor of respondents.

Experimental Research Method

The purpose of experimental research is also to observe the phenomena but in a controlled environment. In this method, the… [read more]

Comparison Study of the 2010 BMW 335i Versus 2010 Audi A5 Quattro Essay

Essay  |  13 pages (3,667 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10


BMW v Audi

Deciding on a car is a major consumer purchasing decision and one that must be made with care and deliberation. This is especially true in the luxury sector of the automobile market, because of the expenditures at stake. Using research drawn from company Websites, consumer reports, professional car reviewers, and personal test drives, I have evaluated the… [read more]

Leasing Aircraft the Emergence Research Paper

Research Paper  |  7 pages (2,037 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 7


This tailoring can help the airline to maximize revenue so without it the aircraft could be less profitable overall.

Lease rates are not fixed costs, either. The aircraft leasing industry has gained in popularity in recent years in part because of generally low interest rates in many markets. If interest rates rise, so does the cost of leasing. Furthermore, as demand for leased aircraft rises, the cost of an aircraft lease can be expected to rise as lessors see increased bargaining power. For example in 2005 it was reported that "lease rates for smaller aircraft have risen about 20% since the middle of 2004" (Hadhi, 2005). There are other issues that can increase the cost of leasing aircraft as well. These include regulations, difficulties with cross-border financing and multinational tax issues (Jeremiah, 2011).

Internal Considerations

The low cost carrier industry is attractive because of the strong growth and profitability of the major players in the industry. However, competition is intense and many low cost carriers are struggling. The use of leases is common in the industry for the potential cost reduction benefits, but there are risks associated with this tactic as well. Many low cost carriers assume that they must use leases, but seem perhaps unaware of the risks that leasing poses, especially for startups. The use of leases must be congruent with the rest of the company's business model as well as with the financial condition of the company and the prevailing regulatory regime of the company in which the airline is based. Only if the conditions are right does the leasing strategy make sense.


For the most part, aircraft leasing has become a booming business as overall demand for air travel has increased along with high price sensitivity of consumers. Leasing offers a number of advantages that make it particularly appealing to the low cost carriers, including new aircraft, the ability to receive financing, the ability to grow rapidly and capacity and financial flexibility in the event of one of the industry's frequent downturns. There are drawbacks associated with leasing, and these drawbacks make it perhaps less interesting an option for some types of airlines.

For low cost carriers, however, leasing aircraft is recommended. These airlines typically employ a high-growth model, and the result of this is that leasing allows these airlines to grow quickly, should they meet with initial success. There is some risk associated with a lack of airplanes, and with rising interest rates, but these risks pale compared to the risk of investing in a long-lived asset before the airline knows if it needs that asset or not for the full period.

Works Cited:

A.T. Kearney. (2010). Fast growing aircraft leasing industry A.T. Kearney. Retrieved May 1, 2011 from http://www.atkearney.com/index.php/Our-expertise/aerospace-a-defense-fast-growing-aircraft-leasing-industry.html

Hadhi, A. (2005). Aircraft shortage adds to low cost carrier woes in Asia. Dow Jones Newswires. Retrieved May 1, 2011 from http://www.pprune.org/dg-p-reporting-points/189041-aircraft-shortage-adds-low-cost-carrier-woes-asia.html

Investec. (2010). An introduction to aircraft leasing. Investec. Retrieved May 1, 2011 from http://www.investec.com.au/media/spool._2f_en_5f_au_2f_documents_2f_pdf_5f_s_23_0907_23_File-MediaFile.pdf

Jeremiah, D. (2011). Asia Pacific to lead the… [read more]

Apples and Oranges Sometimes the Earth Stands Essay

Essay  |  10 pages (3,090 words)
Bibliography Sources: 8


Apples and Oranges

Sometimes the Earth stands still.

And then it begins to fall.

Time can wind and unwind itself around the psyche until one feels both that one is at the still point of the turning world and also spinning as fast as possible, faster than Einstein could have imagined, faster than the golden apples with which Aphrodite lured… [read more]

Market Segmentation Analysis the Automobile Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (655 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6


800 Omni

Alto Zen Wagon R

Esteem Baleno Altura

Hyundai Motor India Ltd.




Hindustan Motors Ltd.

Ambassador Contessa Mitsubishi Lancer


Fiat India Automobile Ltd.


Siena Adventure

General Motors India Ltd.

Opel Corsa Sail

Opel Corsa

Chevrolet Optra

Opel Vectra

Honda Siel India Ltd.



Ford India Ltd.



Tata Motors




DaimlerChrysler India Ltd.

Mercedes-Benz C. Class

Mercedes Benz E. Class


-Benz S. class



Toyota Kirlosker



SOURCE:GAILINDIA LIMITED http://www.gailonline.com/gailnewsite/mediacenter/reportsautoindustry.html

Indian automobile Industry has grown significantly since the turn of the last century. It stands at a comfortable and enviable position in the world market and has been number 2 in two-wheelers and number 4 in commercial vehicles. With the industry growing at 18% per year and producing 2 million units annually, the Indian automobile segments especially the two wheeler and economy car segment is all set for frantic growth.

The segmentation above shows that India is now producing cars in most segments with highest production being in the economy and commercial sector. The industry statistics reveal that it is not only number 2 in two wheelers and 4 in commercial but also 11 largest industries in the passenger car market and fifth largest in bus and truck production. It is all geared by to become the 7th largest automobile market by 2016 and within next 20 years, it is likely to overtake all other large markets to become number 3 in the world. The structure of the industry is such that there is marked concentration in certain cities within 4 different regions. For example the highest number of manufacturers in the south is concentrated in Chennai and Bangalore, in the west, they are found in Pune, New Delhi and surrounding areas in the north and in the east, they are concentrated in Jamshedpur and Kolkata.


India Automotive Industry Compiled by: SBH India…… [read more]

Apologize Profoundly for Handing Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (458 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 0


¶ … apologize profoundly for handing this in so late. I erred with the time. If there is any way that I can improve this please tell me. I am ready to redo if you wish me too,



This Agreement is made and entered in this __ day of ____, _ (time) at (location

Between? ____ of ____ hereafter called 'Owner', and ____, of ____, hereafter called 'Renter'.


The vehicle that the Owner hereby agrees to rent is: (make; year of model)

Registered mileage at beginning of rental period:

The Owner maintains that, to the best of his knowledge, the vehicle in question is in safe and optimum working condition and free of faults or defects that would affects its safety and operation under normal usage.


The Owner has agreed to rent aforesaid vehicle for the duration of ____(day / month) to ____ (day/month), during which time the following conditions are met:

1. Renter agrees that the aforementioned vehicle should be used for personal purposes only.

2. Passengers using vehicle occupy only the interior of the vehicle during their journey.

3. Passengers occupying vehicle do not exceed * amount during any one specific time.

4. Vehicle is not used for purposes of pushing, towing, or propelling another vehicle or object without prior written agreement of Owner.

5. Vehicle is not used for…… [read more]

Air Asia Has so Far Been Able Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (670 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Air Asia has so far been able to carve out a successful niche for itself by offering the lowest fares to a number of destinations that are very popular for the business traveler. These travelers are willing to accept a certain level of very basic service in exchange for efficiency and low fares. They do not expect gourmet food or free pillows and blankets. They do expect on-time departures and arrivals and guaranteed low fares. While the company is eager to meet these expectations, there are a number of factors beyond the control of the company that affect its ability to maintain these two conditions. This paper explores some of those.

The primary condition that the company does not have control over is fuel prices. The recent political and social unrest in North Africa and the Middle East have substantially destabilized fuel costs, a sector that already has a relatively high level of ongoing instability. For example the effect of recent political and social unrest in North Africa and the Middle East has greatly increased fuel costs, prompting a number of carriers, including American Airlines, United Continental, and Delta to consider various new fees along with fare hikes. (Davies, 2011)

However, while all airline companies are being affected by the current rise in fuel costs (as well as other recent spikes in fuel costs), low cost airlines have much less latitude to make up for rising fuel costs than do more mainstream companies. Non-low-cost airlines are not raising their fares per se, but are asking passengers to pay for a number of services that were previously provided free. Given that low cost airlines like AirAsia are already charging for all such services, the company has no wiggle room in this area and will have to compensate for rises in fuel costs in other ways (Gross & Schroeder, 2007, p. 37).

The primary ways in which the company can compensate for rising fuel costs are to increase fares, to accept a lower profitability rate, or to…… [read more]

Stanford Prison Experiment Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (574 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


¶ … authority or power translate into hostile behavior? We have all experienced the security line at the airport. We've all seen young people, old people, men, women and even children being talked to disrespectfully, even downright rudely, by security guards who are there to do a job that has to do with ensuring the safety of passengers. Yet, it seems -- and it is certainly a cliche -- that when you give people a little power, they will take it and run. While police officers and other law enforcement officials do have given power, we are constantly hearing on the news about law enforcement officials abusing their power. Why is this? Why does giving people power sometimes translate into hostile/abusive/violent behavior? This paper will design a study to observe everyday people with some degree of power or authority and look at if this power translates into the exhibition of more hostile behavior than those who are in non-power or non-authoritative positions.

Study Design

This study will employ descriptive research methods, specifically naturalistic observation. Naturalistic observation methods are when researchers "systematically measure and record the observable behavior of participants as it occurs in the real world, without interfering in any way" (Huffman 2007). For this study, three different locations will be the scene of the experiment where the researchers will watch real situations where there are people with power interacting with people who have less power. The first area will be the security gate at an airport; the second area will be the security check at a courthouse; and the third will be a Department of Motor Vehicles where there are security people who assist in getting people into the correct lines for whatever their needs of…… [read more]

Redefining Japanese Popular Culture Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (593 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2


Japanese Culture

Coursetitle Coursenumber

The Shinkansen: Japan's Bullet Train

The Shinkansen, or "bullet train," started as one line in 1960s Japan but has since expanded to several lines running the length of Honshu, Japan's main island, as well as part of Kyushu, the third largest island located to the southwest. The bullet train connects Tokyo with other major cities. The cost is comparable to air travel within Japan but more convenient for many travelers. The Shinkansen is fast, safe and comfortable. The trains are famous for their punctuality and most trains depart on time to the second. The cars are spacious and quiet. The trains run at speeds averaging three hundred miles per hour and yet have an excellent safety record, with no fatal accidents in the trains' history (Japan-Guide.com, 2011). The Shinkansen represents the development of Japanese technology with an emphasis on quality service, for which the Japanese are well-known.

The 1964 debut of the bullet train, which linked Tokyo with Nagoya, Kyoto, and Osaka, represented, along with the Tokyo Olympics, Japan's recovery from World War II (Siebert 112). Japan was devastated by the war, both physically and culturally, and it became important to establish itself as a major force in the global economy. Centuries-old traditions had to come after twentieth-century innovations. In his book about the history of the bullet train, author Christopher Hood asserts that the train was built at the behest of powerful politicians (Siebert 113). The train has become an important cultural symbol for Japan as well as an economic boon.

Within Japan, travel has changed. The Shinkansen connects Japanese and foreigners throughout the island nation, enabling them to more readily conduct business and avail themselves of consumer-related activities including shopping and tourism. Japan also wants to begin exporting its expertise…… [read more]

Banning Cell Phones and Driving Essay

Essay  |  1 pages (349 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3


Cohen, J.T. And J. Graham (2003). "A Revised Economic Analysis of Restrictions

on the Use of Cell Phones While Driving." Risk Analysis 23(1): 5-17.

This review and analysis was published in the peer-reviewed professional journal Risk Analysis in connection with the issue of legislative restrictions on cell phone use by drivers. It was intended to review two major prior studies about the relative risks, costs, and benefits of cell phone use by drivers. One prior study had determined that the aggregate costs to society of the harms attributable to cell phone use by drivers amounted to approximately $25 billion annually. A subsequent study determined that the net cost after considering all of the benefits of cell phone use to society (such as business productivity) was approximately zero. This review analyzed the different methodologies relied upon in those two earlier studies and concluded that the types of harms are more important than the raw economic data. Most importantly, the economic and other harms associated with cell phone use by drivers are borne by parties who…… [read more]

General Motors Organizational Changes Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,545 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4


General Motors

Organizational change

Changes at General Motors: The New GM

Changes at General Motors: The New GM

'as GM goes, so goes the nation.' This famous statement by the president of General Motors in 1953 has become an iconic cliche of American history. However, its meaning has changed over the years, with the changing fortunes of America. During the… [read more]