"Transportation / Mass Transit" Essays

X Filters 

Visual Cognition Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,239 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Visual Cognition

Attention Deficit Disorder and Driving While Multi-tasking

According to Marlene Snyder's book, ADHD & Driving: A Guide for Parents of Teens with AD/HD, teenagers with attention deficit disorder are in more accidents and receive more moving traffic violations than unaffected teens. Considering that the symptoms of AD/HD are relatively consistent from the late teens up into the early… [read more]


Decision Making Model, Called as Rational Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (593 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … decision making model, called as rational decision making model from the Internet sources. I am describing this model in detail and also giving an example that I followed in making my decision of buying a car (reference from commed.atu.edu/EAM3003/READING4.pdf).

The Rational decision making model assumes that decision makers follow a systematic, step-by-step process. This model further assumes these decisions are objective and can be justified on the basis of cost and benefit.

The rational-based decision making model assumes that the decision maker can identify the problem, objectives are clear and ranked in accord with their importance, alternative ways of addressing the problem are obvious, that the cost and benefits of each alternative are investigated, that alternatives and their consequences can be compared with other alternatives, and that the decision maker will choose the alternative that maximizes the attainment of his or her goals, values, and objectives (Huber, 1991).

In order to use rational models, the problems have to be formulated in a way which enables people to make decisions about them. Decision makers must have vast amounts of information in order to make the use of the rational decision-making technique. Then there is the need for predicting the future consequences of decisions made. Also, this model does not assume that the decision makers evaluate all of the possible consequences of the alternatives. It rather assumes that decision makers make a reasonable number of comparisons on alternative course of actions.

The rational decision making can be categorized into programmed decision and none programmed decision making models. Programmed decisions are repetitive, well defined, and procedures exist to find a solution; on the other hand, non-programmed decisions are novel, poorly defined, and no procedure exists for finding a solution.

The bounded rationality perspective on decision making recognizes…… [read more]


Budget Project Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,210 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Budget Project

Outline Environment

The automobile market is quite a fragmented market, with many carmakers from different industrialized countries competing on the market. If we consider some of the companies Nissan is battling with, among the most important are car producers from Germany (Daimler-Chrysler, BMW, Volkswagen), the United States (Ford, General Motors) and France (Renault, Peugeot, Citroen), but also brands from the new developing economies in South- East Asia, most notably South Korea (Daewoo and KIA), as well as the traditional companies from Japan (Mitsubishi and Toyota).

Because of this high number of participants in the market, research and development plays an important role in any company's presence on the market, as well as on the projects it may launch in the future. Indeed, the automobile industry is providing, at this point, numerous opportunities, both in terms of technical achievements, as well as in terms of design and comfort. Our competitors will most likely continue their R&D investments, keeping their brand specific as well. We are expecting Daimler-Chrysler to continue producing elegant, high class vehicles, while Peugeot and Citroen will be contributing to the middle class segment.

Nissan has a well determined response to the competitors' moves. In this sense, 2003 was a good example, during which 10 new models were launched on the market, with several new segments being penetrated at the same time.

The company's vision, "enriching people's lives," is a well-defined expression of what the company wants to do in the future: promote new, innovative products and services to the market and its customers.

B. It is quite difficult to pinpoint the favorite models that the customers prefer. However, these generally range from the extremely successful Nissan Micra, renowned as one of the best cars in its class released in the last years, and the terrain vehicles, among these X-Trail, Terrano and Patrol.

C. As mentioned on the company's website, the economic factors will play an important role in the future evolution of Nissan's business. According to this, there are several variables of concern, most notably foreign exchange and interest rate.

If we refer to foreign exchange, there are two different trends in the yen's relation with the two other main currencies in the world, the euro and the dollar. The dollar has followed a serious decline in the last month, especially in November, reaching 15 years lows against the yen and being currently close to the 100 yens psychological level. The devaluated dollar influences the company's exports to the United States, as well as to the other countries paying in U.S. dollars. The macroeconomics behind this are quite simple: because the dollar is weak, the exports will cost cheaper and will bring lower profits to Nissan, where production (wages, fixed costs, materials) are paid for in national currency.

As for the euro, the trend has been slightly increasing lately, thus encouraging exports to Europe, which in time could become a more important market than the United States if the dollar devaluation continues.

As for interest rates,… [read more]


Flying Off Into the Sunset Commercial Airline Term Paper

Term Paper  |  13 pages (3,488 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Flying Off Into the Sunset

Commercial Airline Pilots and Mandatory Retirement

There once was a time when our world seemed so much more orderly, so much more organized. One was born, went to school, grew up, got a job, and spent the best years of one's life at the same company.

Then came age fifty-five, or age sixty-five at some… [read more]


Louise Erdrich's the Red Convertible Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,439 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

SAMPLE TEXT:

Red Convertible

The Vietnam War had negative psychological impact on many veterans and their families and the Red Convertible is another story that attest to this fact. It follows the lives of two Native American brothers, Henry and Lyman, who are very close to each other and share a special emotional bond that deteriorates after Henry returns from Vietnam War.… [read more]


Failure of US Airways Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,442 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

U.S. Airways: Business Analysis and Decomposition

The objectives of this study are first to explore exactly what has culminated in terms of the financial strategy of U.S. Airways over the past few years. Trending in the airline industry certainly is one of a bevy of factors propelling U.S. Airways. The Bankruptcy was filed as will be revealed in this study.… [read more]


2005 Toyota Prius Hybrid Car Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,093 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Prius

Hybrid vehicles have grown in popularity in recent years. At the forefront of this revolution is a compact car called the Toyota Prius. The purpose of this discussion is to investigate the 2005 Toyota Prius within the car industry and analyze it from a marketing perspective. The ideas that will be covered in the discussion are: Marketing Mix Product- product line, quality, packaging, name, services; Price- temporary price reductions, discounts, trade deals; Distribution-type of outlets, availability; Promotion-advertising budget, promotional mix.

Marketing Mix

Product

The Toyota Prius came to market in 2000 and has been the top selling hybrid since this time. The 2004 model has been well received by consumers and the industry. According to an article found in Mother Earth News the Toyota Prius is a fuel-efficient car that won Motor Trend's Car of the Year for 2004. The author explains that the vehicle has swift acceleration (zero to 60 mph in 9.8 seconds), room for five passengers, numerous conveniences standard and impressive engineering that gives the hybrid a smooth performance barely distinguishable from traditional gas-engine vehicles. The Motor Trend editors say the 2004 Prius is the first hybrid that auto enthusiasts can enjoy: "It provides a tantalizing preview of a future where extreme fuel-efficiency, ultra-low emissions and stirring performance will happily coexist in one package."(Rockhold 2004)

The 2005 Toyota Prius also has the aforementioned qualities. However, it also has some added features. These features include a rear wiper (standard) and the smart entry system has been renamed. The vehicle is available in a range of colors including Black, driftwood pearl, millennium silver, salsa red pearl, super white, seaside pearl, and tideland pearl. (Overview 2005 Toyota Prius) it is a four-door vehicle with front wheel drive. (Overview 2005 Toyota Prius) the most appealing feature of this car is the fuel economy of 51 mpg (highway and 59 mpg (city). (Overview 2005 Toyota Prius)

Toyota is well-known for the quality of its vehicles and the Prius is no exception. Toyota, which also produces Lexus, is an industry leader and its vehicles are known for their reliability and slow depreciation.

This is one of the reasons why the car is difficult to get. Not only is it unique because it is a hybrid vehicle but it is also sought after because of Toyota's commitment to quality. A Washington Times article that was published when the Prius was first brought to market explains, "The Prius is in its first full year as part of the Toyota lineup, and customers have been lining up in droves, with some waiting six months for delivery. Buyers have included celebrities, environmental activists and plain citizens looking for those old-time virtues of cleanliness and economy." (Aukofer 2001)

The article also explains the aesthetic appeal of the car and the way it compares to other vehicles. The author asserts, "The first thing you notice about the Prius is the obvious high quality of the materials and construction. Although the upholstery is cloth, not leather, the instrument panel… [read more]


Remake of Little Red Riding Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (885 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

"Let me help you stand up sir." While Red was helping the man, the man suddenly grab his hand and looked at him with a frightening eye that looks angry. Red was surprised and because of his amazement, Red almost lost his voice.

"What's wrong sir? Why are looking at me like that?" Red said. The man then replied in a groaning voice, "Give me everything that you have there in your bicycle. Also give me your bicycle!." Red became more frightened because the man whom he doesn't know wants to take away his things from him. So, Red hurriedly run, got his bicycle, and drove as fast as he can. The man however run as well and tried to catch Red.

While driving his bicycle as fast as he can, Red saw his neighbor John. John is a big man whose job is being a boxer. Red shouted to him, "Please help me John, a man wants to rob me!" Red pointed the old man to John and at once, John ran for the old man to confront him. The old man however changed his path to run away from John. But John did not give up so he also ran for the man who wants to rob Red. John was able to catch the old man and brought him to the police station.

"You're okay now Red. By the way, what are you doing here? What made you drive here?," John asked Red.

"I'm looking for my Aunt Sally's new house because I have to give her this cake that mom made." Red replied.

Fortunately, John knows his Aunt Sally and said "Oh! Your Aunt Sally! I just drop by at their house an hour ago because I need to check if they found the book that my brother is borrowing from them." John told Red.

"Just go straight and turn at the first corner to your right. Your Aunt Sally's new house is located three houses away from that corner"

"Okay! Thanks John! I'm glad I saw you! You're really a blessing to me today!" John happily exclaimed. Finally, after following the direction that John gave, Red was able to reach her Aunt Sally's new house.

"Hi Red! I'm glad you came!" his Aunt Sally told John.

"I'm also glad to see you Aunt Sally! If only you knew the adventure that I had in finding this new house of yours!" Red excitedly exclaimed. Red then gave the cake to her Aunt Sally. He stayed at his Aunt's house for a few hours to play with his cousins. Before the sun set, Red got his bicycle again to drive…… [read more]


Japanisation in the United Kingdom Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (837 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

SAMPLE TEXT:

Honda, Toyota and Subaru have all recently opened plants in the Unite States south and Ford GM and other big names have invested large sums to produce manufacturing facilities around the world.

The key is again cost. Land for the new facilities is much cheaper and there are other perks such as low utility fixed costs for power. "Tennessee has some of the lowest industrial power rates in the United States, anywhere from 20% to 50% below other states, Grande points out." (Corbett, 2002) These new plants also are completely new so the latest environmentally sound technology is built in from day one. "When plants are up and running, there are fewer environmental issues. Activism is not as prevalent. Industry also is relatively new to the South. So new assembly plants do not have to over-compensate for older factories contributing disproportionately to emission totals." (Corbett, 2002)

The combined benefits of low taxes, rates of utilities and the added bonus of superior access to roads and waterways and the Japanese have discovered that this is a good time to utilize their existing industry power. "Tennessee is within one day's drive of 75% of all United States markets, and its road system is one of the best in the nation. Other southern states are improving infrastructure. Besides 1-65 and 1-75, which are straight shots to the Midwest, highways I20 and 1-35 provide quick access from the South to Mexico's burgeoning auto industry. Meanwhile, Michigan, for example, is a peninsula state with roadways that generally are in bad shape. The East Coast has fewer major parts suppliers. Components coming from the Midwest and the South add significant shipping costs to vehicle programs" (Corbett, 2002)

In conclusion, this report aimed to analyze and compare the systems of power and control in the Japanese and western automobile manufacturing industries. A good example of how powerful the manufactures are can be demonstrated by how union organization has begun to fall off. "It's not unusual for about 30% of the workforce to be unionized in Midwestern and Northeastern states and Quebec and Ontario. In southern states, the average is 4% to 5%." (Corbett, 2002) No unions mean a great deal for Japanese and other automobile manufactures in regard to power. Consider that unorganized labor has no strikes, have reduced pay scales and certainly less negotiation in regard…… [read more]


Business Correspondence External Correspondence: Big-1 Car Rentals Corporate Documents

Corporate Documents  |  2 pages (471 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

Business Correspondence

External Correspondence: Big-1 Car Rentals Franchise Oversight Department

Dear Mr. Jones:

I am writing to express my concerns about the manner in which the renowned and valuable Big-1 brand is being represented in the Twin Cities Airport franchise in Minnesota. Specifically, it is my unpleasant duty to inform you that the Twin Cities Airport franchisee has established a long history of furnishing inadequately maintained vehicles and that multiple attempts on our part to motivate the franchisee to resolve the problem have been entirely unsuccessful.

On several occasions, we have had the misfortune of reserving a vehicle well in advance of our scheduled pickup only to receive vehicles with multiple major malfunctions, including (among other things) completely inoperable heaters in the dead of the Minnesota winter. As you know, our firms have a long history of collaboration and mutual interests. In fact, we have every reason to believe that, as partners, we receive the best service at all of your franchises. As you are also undoubtedly aware, we also furnish CCC vehicles to your enterprise. Needless to say we have grave concerns about how our products are being represented by this franchisee.

Based on the long association between our respective organizations, I am extremely confident that you will take immediate and appropriate action to preserve your organization's corporate interests, such as by conducting an audit to confirm this ongoing problem that is detrimental to…… [read more]


Accident Can Give Rise to Many Direct Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (742 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … accident can give rise to many direct and indirect costs for an organization to bear. One such case study involved a diary distribution company. One of their trucks was involved in a spill on the way to delivering milk to a creamery. The spill caused much disputation for organization but also the creamery, the public using the freeway and public services alerted for the accident. The accident resulted in nearly a thousand gallons of milk being lost and deposited in the asphalt of the road. This required many hours of clean up but also lead to a freeway closure that inconvenienced many motorists during morning rush hour traffic. How does an organization begin to assess such an event? Thankfully, there were not any injuries to the employee driving or the public. This accident could have been worse in that regard. Injuries can be costly and time consuming legally and professionally for all parties involved.

Accident Costs and Consequences

The enormity of such an event can weigh heavily on the shoulders of the best of employees. An event of this size can also cause much stress and lost time for a company. It is only later when the real ramifications of the accident hit home. Not only is there a loss incurred due to the actual event but also the consequences snowball as other opportunities disappear and other functions of the company suffer as focus is centered on the accident. Therefore it is important that a company act fast to put into place damage control immediately. By having a plan set in place, gives employees and management a way of handling the consequence before they become severe. This can save money and time over the long run for an organization. Unfortunately, it will not make the accident go away but it will minimize risk for the future. Damage control can also act as a learning tool for the future should something else occur. By studying the costs of an accident, an organization can learn what methods of safety and risk analysis work and what causes more trouble over the long run. Below is a list of accident costs associated with the case study.

Accident Cost Calculator Results

TitleDealing with Incident…… [read more]


Air Safety Measures-Q1 the Air Disaster Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (834 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Air Safety Measures-Q1

The air disaster at Kegworth, UK, occurred on January 8, 1989, at Leicestershire, close to Kegworth. What happened was that the British Midlands Flight 92, a Boeing 737-400, owned by Midland, crashed on to the MI Motorway, close to 'Kegworth'. There were 118 passengers aboard the flight, and 47 people died on the very spot of the crash, and 18 people died later at various hospitals. The eight crewmembers miraculously survived, and of the survivors, that numbered 79, about 5 people suffered minor injuries, while 74 persons were seriously injured, and fortunately, nobody who was on the motorway was hurt or even injured, and no vehicles were damaged. What happened was this: after the flight had taken off from Heathrow Airport, the plane was ascending to 28,000 feet when one engine of the plane suffered a 'turbine blade detachment', and the crew members mistakenly identified the engine number two as having suffered the damages, and not engine number one, and when the flight was diverted to East Midlands, it was assumed, quite naturally, that the it would be able to fly on the single undamaged engine until safety. However, since engine number two, which was the properly functioning engine was shut down, disaster struck, and the flight crashed. The subsequent evaluation of the disaster and the injuries sustained by the passengers led to an official compilation of 31 additional safety measures for aircrafts and passenger safety. (Kegworth Air Disaster)

Mr. Noel Crymble, a machinery trader and one of the survivors of the crash, was an avid campaigner for the reforms, and it was he who was in fact responsible for the implementation of the new safety measures. One of the improvements was that there would be a rear view cockpit camera, and this would help the pilots enormously. One interesting fact that came to light after the crash was that when some passengers suffered appalling injuries, some did not even suffer a small scrape, and when the reason for this phenomenon was analyzed, it was found that it was those passengers who had adapted the recommended 'brace' position that had survived intact, while the others were injured. Professor Angus Wallace of the Queen's medical Center has stated that when the seats are facing backwards, then the impact of the crash would be drastically reduced. Though several airlines have considered the proposal, it has been rejected by many, and not only due to the high costs that would be incurred by undertaking such a measure.…… [read more]


Eleanor Rosch, Feels Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,151 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

The nine taxonomies tested were tree, bird, fish, fruit, musical instrument, tool, clothing, furniture, and vehicle. These categories were chosen because they contain the most commonly used nouns in English. A set of words were taken from these taxonomies and the subjects of the experiment were asked to list all of the attributes he or she could think of. Subjects could list a great deal of attributes for the broader categories with a higher level of abstraction, but very few for the lower levels of abstraction, because the higher levels of abstraction had more things included in that category. Similarity in shapes, or the appearance of objects, in the class, was tested using outline-drawings of objects, and the similarity between these drawings were found to be highest when objects were from the same basic-level category, such as two cars or two dogs, and lower from the same superordinate category, such as a car and a motorcycle, or a cat and a dog. More specific subordinate categories, such as two sports cars, or two pitbulls. Basic levels, again such as car or dog, are the most inclusive categories at which the objects could be identified by outline shape. It is easy to identify the shape of a dog, but difficult to distinguish whether that basic shape is a beagle or a bloodhound. Likewise, the shape of a car may be a sports car or a sedan. Imagery, perception, development, and language are all elements which are related to the basic-level category of taxonomies.

Most categories do not have clear-cut boundaries. Basic object categories are defined by clusters of attributes, but these attributes are not always discontinuous, meaning that the clusters may change slowly between categories, not providing any obvious boundaries. Attempts are made to make categories as separate as possible by creating specific criteria that must be met to be included in a category, and also by defining categories by means of clear-cut cases rather than the boundaries of the category. Prototypes of categories are the most clear-cut cases that define how well objects will fit into that category. The higher something is rated as prototypical of a category, the more attributes it will have in common with other things in that category. The prototypicality of an item affects how quickly category membership can be judged, put into language, and comprehended overall (major variables including speed of processing reaction time and speed of learning of artificial categories, order and probability of item output, and logic of natural language use of category terms). Prototypes constrain but do not specify representation and process models.

Problematic issues in classification include the nature of perceived attributes, where ignorance or assumptions or misinterpretations made by an organism may affect the classification in a skewed way. Attributes may not have any meaning without knowledge of the object itself or specific cultural behaviors, and other attributes may only have relational meaning. Context has a great deal of influence on classification; context effects the level of abstraction for consideration,… [read more]


American Airlines AMR Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (406 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

American also cut other costs by $2 billion per year. And, American is reshaping its business model to cut costs. The older carriers such as American Airlines have traditionally offered frequent service to many cities with short layovers that have produced a higher cost structure than lower-cost carriers (Airlines: New thinking, please, 2004). But, now American Airlines is spreading out departure times from hubs and closing some hubs entirely to operate more efficiently.

Questions

What is the bankruptcy potential for beleaguered competitors such as Delta Airlines and U.S. Airways?

How have union concessions impacted management relations with employees?

Bibliography

Airlines: New thinking, please. (2004, May 3). BusinessWeek online. Retrieved January 31, 2005 from Web site: http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/04_18/b3881144_mz029.htm

American Airlines unions approve concessions deal. (2003, April 15). USA Today. Retrieved January 31, 2005 from Web site: http://www.usatoday.com/travel/news/2003/2003-04-15-amr-vote2.htm

Chakravorty, J. (2005, January 4). Airlines shares fall as oil prices rise. Retrieved January 31, 2005 from Web site: http://yahoo.reuters.com/financeQuoteCompanyNewsArticle.jhtml?duid=mtfh69917_2005-01-24_19-48-44_n24162794_newsml

Reed, K. (2005, January 31). Frills a casualty in air wars. The Boston Globe. Retrieved January 31, 2005 from Web site: http://www.boston.com/business/articles/2005/01/06/frills_a_casualty_in_air_wars/… [read more]


Preston Tucker Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (2,168 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Preston Tucker was a revolutionary and at the same time a rebel, an inventor and at the same time, a hero. He was a man before his time who managed to design an automobile that was so very advanced for this time that till today no one has been able to catch up with that invention. He was a man… [read more]


Aviation Safety Fire Issues Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,790 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Aviation Safety - Fire Issues

Fire issues in aviation have long been a problem as those that work with them look for new and better ways to make aviation safer for all. This is not always easy, however, as there are only certain types of chemicals and other items that can be used in aviation due to the nature of… [read more]


South West Airlines it Is a Fact Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (475 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

South West Airlines

It is a fact that the South West Airlines has indeed been making a great impact on the entire airline industry. In comparison to the airline industry in the United States of America, how was it possible for such a small airline to make such a wide impact? How has this organization been so very successful, as anyone would state, when they saw the killer whales painted on the sides of the planes. One of the primary reasons is that the organization believes in a high level of employee motivation and also in encouraging them to express their individuality in the workplace. There is a total de-emphasis on hierarchy, and each and every employee of the company is allowed to express his opinions feely and without fear of reprisal from the higher ups. (Learning Experience, South West Airlines' Approach)

When most other airlines were suffering from heavy losses after the September 11 terrorist attacks carried out in the U.S.A. By militants, there was a panic, and most companies carried out heavy lay-offs in order to curtail their losses. However, it was in South West Airlines that there were absolutely no lay-offs at all. How was this possible? The South West Airlines demonstrated its innate caring ability for all its employees. This resulted in great amounts of employee satisfaction, and as a direct result, an increase in productivity. (South West Airlines' Organizational Culture)

The former…… [read more]


Automobile Industry "The Foreign Market Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,275 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

(CRR: Products- Efficiency and Emissions)

GM is a leader in research, engineering, and innovation of product and public policy initiatives to enhance the safety of motor vehicles with helping drivers avoid crashes and making vehicles safer being a priority for the company. Safety of motor vehicle entails not just the overall design of the vehicle, but the mode and habit… [read more]


Raising Teen Driving Limits Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,806 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Teen Driving Age

This month, a number of lawmakers in the state of Nevada began pushing for the passage of a bill that would raise the age of teenagers getting their automobile licenses (Hagar). The legislators supporting the law report statistics as their main reason (Opposition): For example, according to the United States Department of Public Safety, in 2002, 6,327… [read more]


Relate Aviation to Marketing Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,704 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Marketing the Business Class Service of Virgin Atlantic Airways

According to an April 2003 report from the Alexandria Va.-based National Business Travel Association, less than 5% of business travelers fly first and business class. Interestingly, however, these premium seats can account for 40% to 60% of an airline's revenue (Valhouli, 2004, para 9). It is hardly surprising, then, that airlines… [read more]


Aircraft Maintenance Management Term Paper

Term Paper  |  9 pages (2,556 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Aircraft Maintenance Management

Aircraft Maintenance

There is only one reason to spend as much time, energy and money on aircraft maintenance as we do, to make sure you get to your destination safely and efficiently.

Modern maintenance enables the aircraft to remain at the highest possible levels of reliability, performance and safety, and the various studies and techniques used improve… [read more]


Safety Culture in Aviation Sector Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  4 pages (1,109 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4

SAMPLE TEXT:

The general hypothesis for the study is that the airline firms that are to be surveyed have established various safety culture approaches.

Methodology

The study is to be conducted among major global airline firms through the use of both primary and secondary data. The study intends to adopt a descriptive research design where an interview questions will be used in gathering information from the employees of the airline firms so as to get primary data. On the other hand, secondary data will be used in determining the nature of safety culture policies and strategies that each airline firm has adopted by visiting the websites of the firms. In order to carry out a more comprehensive and in depth analysis, the study will focus on three global airline firms. The study will analysis safety culture issues such as codes of practice, adherence to aviation industry standard, safety culture regulatory frameworks, safety equipment and tools, data collection and analysis. In addition, information on the number and trend of accident and incident cases in the last five years will also be gathered.

The study will rely and analyze air safety reports from the respective airline firms in order to determine the trend of safety culture. Data mining tools such as the survey of the website of the firms are the potential approaches for gathering and assessing safety culture issues that relate to accidents n incidences International Business Aviation Council, 2007.

Aviation Quality Database (AQD) will be used for analysis since it is capable of comprehensively analyzing safety management and quality assurance issues. Similarly, AQD also provides other tools for gathering data and analyzing them.

The underlying ethical issues that are bound to arise when carrying out the above research are autonomy and informed consent Wood, 2006.

Access and informed consent, particularly when seeking interviews with the employees of the airline firms are fundamental ethical issues. Consent will therefore be sought from the relevant authorities before embarking on the survey. The study is committed to adhere to the above ethical issues when conducting the research.

Interview Questions

Title / position

Airline Firm / Company

1) What are some of the safety culture policies, activities that this airline firm has put in place?

2) What methods or tools does the airline firm use in ensuring a safety culture environment?

3) In the past five years, how many accidents and incidents have occurred in the airline

4) Were the above accidents or incidents linked to flaws in the safety culture?

5) What are most significant challenges the airline faces in implementing safety culture policies, activities and programs.

6) Does the airline firm adhere to the set out international aviation standards in relation to safety culture issues

References

http://www.ibac.org/Files/Safety/Business%20Aviation%20Safety%20Strategy%20_Website%20Release_%209%20Septemberv2.pdfInternational Business Aviation Council. (2007). Business Aviation Safety Strategy. A Blueprint for Making a Safe System Safer Retrieved 19th June, 2012, from International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). (2010). Implementing the Global Aviation Safety Roadmap Retrieved 2012, 18th June, from http://flightsafety.org/files/roadmap2.pdf

Leveson, N.G. (2009). Risk Management in the Aviation Sector.… [read more]


Marketing of Commercial Aviation Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,349 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Status of the industry

Marketing problems facing carriers

Different strategies

Description of high/low marketing strategy

Why high/low strategy is the best marketing strategy

Examples of high/low marketing strategy

Status of the industry

In the wake of the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, the industry hardest hit in American and around the world has been, without a doubt, the airline industry. Faced initially with empty planes and frightened fliers, confidence in security measures and general safety of the skies has taken hold again - perhaps be necessity - but airlines are daunted today by increased security costs along with a strong pilots' and airline workers' union along with stiff competition.

And of course, recent world events have also added to the airlines' woes. Take fuel costs, for instance. The huge hike in fuel costs caused by the second Iraq war have forced every airline to change routes and increase ticket costs. Just recently, for instance, Air France has had to cancel non-stop flights to Vietnam - a major source of revenue over which it had a territorial de facto monopoly - because of monumental fuel costs. Air France now must, like very other airline, offer only one-stop flights to Vietnam. (Gooch, 2005)

As a result, some of the cornerstone airlines in America have either filed for bankruptcy or are on verge of doing so. This list includes such giants as U.S. Airways, United Airlines, American Airlines, Delta Airlines, Midway Airlines and several smaller airlines. These events made very public the struggles of the airline industry. Several airlines, such as U.S. Air, have even asked their employees to forgo wages and work for free for a period of time to help their employer stay afloat.

Marketing problems facing carriers

These industry ailments have forced several new marketing problems and exacerbated the old ones. The critical problem facing the industry, though, is the new revelation - in the post 9/11 era - that price is the overwhelming determining factor in airline choice. If two airlines offer even remotely similar routes, the choice that a business or pleasure traveler will make is rarely based on the number of stops or even on the airport - travelers are more than willing to smaller to a smaller, more distant airport today to save money - and definitely not on the reputation or size of the airline; and certainly not on the frills or amenities offered on board the flight.

For instance, a pleasure traveler is more likely to choose a flight priced at $180 between Baltimore/Washington to Ft. Lauderdale that makes a stop in Atlanta on a smaller carrier such as Airtran than one that costs $231, flies non-stop directly from Washington/National (the airport of choice) to Miami (the destination of choice) on a larger carrier with a stronger reputation and better service and frills such as American Airlines.

The purchaser will often ignore the fact that he will have to spend more money than the saved $51 simply to get to his… [read more]


Emergency Lighting for Heavy Recovery Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,159 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Heavy Recovery Vehicle Lighting

Emergency Lighting for Heavy Recovery

Generalizations about Heavy Recovery Lighting

How many people riding around in their cars at night give a thought to what happens if their lights go out? Moreover, how many night-time drivers think about what would happen if emergency vehicles -- tow trucks, for example -- could not depend upon proper, thorough… [read more]


Roller Skating Since Its Booming Popularity Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,392 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Roller Skating

Since its booming popularity in the 1950s, until today's inline varieties, roller skating has been one of the most popular recreational activities in the United States and perhaps around the world. Yet even highly skilled roller skaters get into accidents. Much of the time, roller skating accidents are minor, involving only a few minor cuts, scrapes, or bruises. However, sometimes skating accidents can be severe and even fatal, especially when the person skates in or near automobile traffic. Moreover, many have taken inline skating to the "extreme," and perform stunts that vastly increase risk of severe injury. Most skating accidents can be prevented by using caution and common sense, but accidents can, do, and will happen. When they do, their severity can be considerably minimized by wearing simple and inexpensive protective gear such as elbow and knee pads and bicycle helmets. Brightly colored clothing and strategically placed reflectors can also be worn at night or in shady spots to increase visibility and help prevent car-related accidents. While wearing protective gear will not prevent accidents in the first place, gear will reduce the risk of severe injury by protecting the skater's most vulnerable body parts. The argument in favor of wearing protective gear is therefore a highly plausible one, based on statistical fact and common sense.

When a skater does not don protective equipment, he or she increases the risk of being injured due to exposed and vulnerable body parts like hands, elbows, knees, ankles, and head. For example, when falling, a person's natural instinct is to stretch out the hands to break a fall. The hands have little fat or flesh to protect them, and are therefore one of the most vulnerable parts of a skater's anatomy. Without a wrist guard, a skater can easily sprain his or her wrist in the same manner. By wearing light gloves, an individual can still rely on his or her hands to break a fall, but the gloves reduce the chance of severe scrapes or burns. Wearing wrist guards also reduces the chance that the skater sprains his or her wrist when attempting to break a fall. According to Schieber and Branche-Dorsey (1995), "wrist guards are virtually completely protective against lacerations, sprains and strains, and that they reduce the overall odds of sustaining any wrist injury more than 6-fold." Thus, the gear might not prevent the accident from occurring but it does decrease its severity. In a similar fashion, wearing ankle and knee protection reduces the chance of sprains and bruises in those areas on the body when the skater falls. All skaters will eventually fall; wearing gear is the only way to reduce the severity of impact.

Basically, if two skaters fall in exactly the same way, the one wearing gear will suffer fewer scrapes, burns, scratches, or sprains. In the same way that safety belts reduce the chances of being severely injured in a car crash, protective gear such as elbow and knee pads reduce the chance of severe… [read more]


Toyota Car Industry Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (835 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Toyota Corporation

Industry Facts

The objective of this work is to research Toyota Corporation in relation to the car industry by providing information concerning the history, current mission and purpose, locations and number of employees, product and service description, and market analysis.. This work will further research the competition both direct and indirectly, the promotional tactics, pricing tactics and price tactics inclusive of distribution in relation to retailers, wholesalers and any relevant others.

In a news release May 2, 2005 it was stated that "Toyota announced today a $120 million expansion of its engine and transmission plant here, boosting employment by 150 to about 1,150." (TOYOTA News Release Online) Apparently in 2007 Toyota Motor Manufacturing in West Virginia will begin the manufacture of 240,000 more automatic transmission a year than are presently being manufactured bringing the total units manufactured up to 600,000 units. Further stated is that fact that Toyota will have the capability of manufacturing 1.66 million cars and trucks per year, 1.44 million engines, with 37,000 employed in the U.S. Direct investment amount is in excess of $16.6 billion including annual parts, materials, goods and services that have been purchased by Toyota from U.S. suppliers in the amount exceeding $25 billion. Toyota has practically every benefit of market segmentation in that the market is very well covered due to the production of its vehicles in the U.S. which are the: "Avalon, Camry, Corolla, Matrix, Sienna, Solara, Sequoia, Tacoma, Tundra, and the Lexus RX 330. The chart below labeled figure 1.0 provides information concerning the sales, growth, number of employees, and employee 1-year growth for the company. Recent news reports for April and May of 2005 include information stating that increases in production will be seen in Thailand with a Toyota Camry plant to open in Russia as well as production increases in Indonesia.

Source: Hoovers Online

2004 Automotive Industry

The entire industry total 607 billion for the year of 2004 employing more than 3.33 million employees. Toyota's shares of sales were stated at 9,046 million with profits stated at 186 million, assets at 13, 938 million and a market value of 7,083 million. Toyota was listed in Forbes 2000 best companies for 2004 ranking at number 588 out of the 2000 companies listed.

Toyota's edge in the market appears to be the hybrid cars that the company cannot build nearly fast enough. These hybrid cars are in such a demand that Toyota has replaced Ford as the number one auto manufacturer in the U.S.

Industry…… [read more]


Individual Autonomy the Merriam Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (636 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Public smoking is taboo, and there are some city ordinances that will not even allow an individual to smoke outside his or her own house, they can only smoke inside their home. Yet, often the same people who admonish smoking are driving gas guzzling SUV's.

Then there is the issue of seat belts. No one can argue with the fact that seat belts do help save lives and prevent serious injuries in automobile crashes, but should it be a law, punishable by fines or worse, if an individual chooses to not to wear one. Parents can actually be charged with child endangerment and forced to fight for their parental rights if they do not have their child fastened in a proper child restraint seat. Yet, practically every school bus in the country operates without seat belts, thus millions of children are on the rode everyday with being strapped in any type of seat belt.

Then there is the dilemma concerning prayer in schools. Those who want prayer in schools verses those who do not. Those who want "their" prayers recited school functions verses those who want "their" prayers recited school functions. The Declaration of Independence begins with "all men are created equal, endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights," yet, further down it refers to "the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions" (Declaration pp). So does "their Creator" refer only to Christians' Creator, and the Savages' Creator is not implied?

Just as no man is an island, no one truly has individual autonomy.

Work Cited

"Autonomy." Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=autonomy

"The Declaration of Independence of the Thirteen Colonies." Indiana University

School of Law -- Bloomington.

http://www.law.indiana.edu/uslawdocs/declaration.html

"Individual." Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=individual… [read more]


Globalization and a Global Economy Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (521 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

The new generation of automobile workers brings about several challenges for the managers in the future. First of all, globalization is not only reflected economically, but also technologically. Newer machines, better technologies are being used and it takes more and m ore skillful workers to handle them. This had a direct impact on the human resource policy, because, financially speaking, management will need to invest in the workers' technical education.

Because we can expect the global economy to become more and more competitive in the future, especially cost/price competitive, the automobile industry will choose its winners among those who can make the workers work more efficiently. Efficiency may thus be considered the word of the day. Everything that may positively contribute to increasing the company's and workers' efficiency will become an asset for the company.

The human resources management will thus need to concentrate one a break-even analysis which will help determine what is the best proportion cost to result (otherwise expressed as effort to effect) that can result in the best production quotas, as well as the best qualitative products. How much is one willing to spend on human resource training? Obviously, the answer will be related to how much one can make out of every worker that has attended a training seminar.

A fierce competition is also expected on the automobile workforce market, not only on the car market. With so many existing producers, we may expect to see a battle over the real specialists, specialists that can increase efficiency and…… [read more]


Distance Perception of Vehicle Rear Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,428 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

The Tasks and Variables Used

Each participant will go through three different blocks and each block will follow four trails so as to acquire accurate data. The participants will vary their speed in all the three blocks as each of the four trails (in the three blocks) will be executed at diverse speeds: 60, 70, 80 and 90 km/hr.

Expected… [read more]


1906 San Francisco Earthquake Creative Writing

Creative Writing  |  2 pages (876 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2

SAMPLE TEXT:

the 1906 SF Earthquake

I was in a deep sleep on the morning of April 18, 1906 when the foreshock hit San Francisco, but it roused me quickly. It was a kind of trembling, shaking, and it came then stopped. By the way, teenagers usually get to bed later and get up later than adults, and I was a teenage girl in San Francisco when that terrible tragedy struck out city. At a few minutes after five a.m., I think maybe it was more like 10 after or 12 after five because I glanced at my wind-up alarm clock for a second and it was blurred. Then about half a minute later, the big earthquake hit and it roared loudly, shook violently, up and down in thunderous bursts of energy, and literally tossed me out of bed.

I wasn't hurt when I hit the floor but I knew in an instant that others would be injured as the shaking and rattling and pounding force of the earthquake rocked our building in the Mission District and scared all of us half to death. The sensation was like being on a horse that is just getting used to riders, and it bucks and tries to throw the rider off. It was like that.

All the ornaments on our walls crashed down, the plaster came crashing down, and next door to our building I looked and saw nothing but a huge cloud of dust. When the wind blew the dust away, I could see that the building next door was flattened. Anyone in that building was surely killed, I thought to myself, including a boy who I had dated within the past year. And as fire sirens began going off and emergency vehicles tried to drive through the carnage in the streets, I looked for my parents, saw they were safe (my dad was bleeding from his head; something fell on him but my mother had a dressing applied to his head so I believed we had survived the shaking), and we ran through a splintered doorway to the street.

People were screaming in the streets, they were running, carrying personal belongings, one woman was in her nightgown carrying a tiny baby that only had diapers on. "Help us!" A voice came from a building in the next block. "Please, someone help us!" The voice screamed loudly. I ran in that direction and saw the woman with a baby looking out from a window where the glass had shattered in the earthquake. The problem was the ground floor of the building was on fire. She was trapped. No one was trying…… [read more]


Absurd and Ridiculous. In Fact, While Researching Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (802 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … absurd and ridiculous. In fact, while researching both sides of the debate I decided that I personally feel this is a non-issue. My reasoning for coming to this conclusion centers around another hot debate topic: abortion. Why are the rights of barely multi-cellular quasi-people an issue for either side of the debate when abortion is still legal up until the ninth month? Regardless of whether I personally feel that abortion -- or stem cell research -- is right or wrong, it seems that those who are concerned about the rights of unborn children have a bigger fish to rescue from the aquarium. These people make themselves look absurd to the rest of the community. No one who is not already gun-ho and on board 100% with radical pro-lifers can take antiabortionists seriously about the rights of unborn children that are being killed if these same people are arguing for the rights of individual cells and cell clusters. It would be like trying to convince someone that animals should be allowed to vote, in addition to saying that people should not eat them. (For the record, I do not think people should eat animals. But I would think anyone fighting for a dog's right to vote needed therapy.) I also think it's terrible the way the media misrepresents the facts on this issue. A friend of mine had an abortion many years ago, and when stem cell research was brought up, she expressed great concern that her baby was experimented on after the abortion. This is not where stem cells are harvested. Writing this essay reminded me of the failings of the media to ever provide unbiased, accurate information on a wide-scale basis. The tone I used in the writing of this essay attempted to convey the absurdity of the topic, while still presenting both sides of the issue.

Children's rights is an important subject for me. I find it extremely surprising that more youth do not stand up for their rights -- our founding fathers fought a war to eliminate taxation without representation in our country, yet our children are forced to remain one of the most underrepresented and repressed groups in our society. Fascinated by the intellectual work of groups like NYRA (National Youth Rights Association), I was already familiar with some of the sources that would be needed for the paper on Raising Teen Driving Limits. Many…… [read more]


Southwest Airlines: A Story of Success Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (718 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Southwest Airlines: A Story of Success

In modern aviation history Southwest Airlines is truly one of America's best-noted 'rag-to-riches' stories. Southwest Airlines was a visionary business venture started by two entrepreneurs, and friends, from San Antonio, Texas in 1966 -- Rollin King and Herb Kelleher. Although the birth of the airline came about in 1966 it was not until 1971 that the public was offered passage on its inaugural flight. The period from 1966 to the maiden voyage of 1971 was no easy road, however, as the path was fraught with court rulings all the way to the Supreme Court and fierce competition. Today, however, Southwest Airlines enjoys an image of low cost no frills air travel, customer satisfaction, and employee loyalty. The remainder of this paper will focus on the internal success of the airline from the perspective of employee loyalty and how the airline maintains this loyalty in an era of airline bankruptcies, flight delays, union strikes, and employee layoffs.

Employee loyalty and satisfaction is not a corporate trait that exists in a vacuum, as excelled leadership is required as a mainstay. From the very beginning the corporate heads of the airline recognized that in order to have satisfied and loyal employee base the leadership had to be strong, visionary, and involved in a strong strategic management process - a nine step process that involves strategic planning, implementation, and evaluation. As a side bar note it is interesting to note that once Kelleher put into place the airline's strategic management program a question was put forth by his Mother: "Who comes first, your employees, your shareholders, or your customers?" His response was that his Mother always taught him "...your employees come first. If you treat them well, then they will treat the customers well, and that means your customers will come back and your shareholders are happy" (240-1). To this end Kelleher took the time to meet with all employees from every department of the operation, including customers. Meetings are, to this day, consistently and continually held with flight attendants, mechanics, baggage handlers, and customer service/ticket representatives. From these meetings Kelleher learned, examined, and listened to all…… [read more]


Old Title:as Wall Street Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,602 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

SAMPLE TEXT:

" (Bhadra, Wells, Gentry, & Hogan, 2005) Should these assumptions have been reached and more importantly are they justified? There is no way to tell. Again, this all sounded very accurate in the reading but the overall vagueness and assumptions become more apparent when compared with the rest of the journal article.

In conclusion, the airline industry and regulating bodies all are at a point where they will need sound and unbiased testing for critical situations like creating simulation tables for airport and airspace traffic patterns and settings. However, I believe that this article was too full of bias, faulty reasoning and there were many flaws in the overall research design. Of course, I am basing this on the article and the presentation of their research. There is no way of knowing upon reading the article if this new methodology for predicting time tables will work because there are just too many holes in the overall appearance. "Primary results arising from this analytical framework, as noted earlier, are future timetables driven by O& D. traffic flow forecasts (i.e., passenger enplanements and aircraft operations). In many ways, these future timetables resemble the OAG. One difference, however, is that our timetables also include entries for unscheduled flights, both IFR and VFR, whereas of course the OAG does not. Furthermore, our timetable does not include carrier's identity whereas OAG does. Nonetheless, comparisons can be made between the OAG and the scheduled component of our timetables." (Bhadra, Wells, Gentry, & Hogan, 2005) This last quote has so many assumptions incorporated into it that it only justifies my skepticism because the article did not present a sound and well researched presentation.

References

Bhadra, Dipasis, Wells, Michael, Gentry, Jennifer, &…… [read more]


Bound by Harry Mazer Snow Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (664 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

They have many problems on the way, but working together they do succeed in saving themselves. This shows the importance of accepting others and working with them, even if you are different to them.

The lessons that Tony learns in the story are also important. He started by thinking that he is better than everyone and can do anything. When he runs away, he partly does this because he wants to show that nothing can stop him from getting what he wants. He also crashes the car because he is showing off and thinking that nothing will ever happen to him. He is proved wrong when he crashes the car and when he realizes that his life might be in danger. It seemed like this was the first time in Tony's life where he didn't just get what he wanted by asking. Instead, he had to make a real effort and save himself. This taught Tony two important lessons. The first is that he is not as tough as he thought he was. The second is that he cannot live his whole life expecting other people to give him what he wants like his parents seemed to. Cindy also taught him this lesson because she did not get on with him. This meant that Tony couldn't just demand things from Cindy and expect her to do as he asks. Instead, he had to make an effort to get along with her and they had to work together as equals. This taught Tony about cooperating with other people.

Overall, the book was interesting to read and it delivered important messages. It showed Tony learning what it is like in the real world and overcoming challenges he never had to face at home. Most of all, it showed that he cannot expect everyone to meet his needs and that he needs to learn to cooperate with others and make an…… [read more]


Learning to Ride a Bicycle Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (879 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

Learning to ride a bicycle, it is important to first learn its important parts. A bicycle is made up of eight (8) important parts: the saddle, crossbar, handlebars, gearshift, brake lever, front brake, pedal, and chain. Knowing these parts would enable the rider to know very well how a bicycle operates, allowing him/her to troubleshoot bike problems that s/he may encounter while riding the bike.

The frame of the bike is composed of two triangle-shaped frames, the front and back (or rear) triangles. The front triangle is composed of the headset, wherein the handlebars are located, and the saddle, where the rider is supported. The back triangle, meanwhile, holds the seatstays and chainstays. The seatstays connects the saddle to the back wheel of the bike; the chainstays allow the chains to rotate corresponding to the wheels' movement as well as hold the pedals.

The front triangle also contains parts that comprise the bike's most important functions, which are steering and breaking. Steering is made possible through the handlebars, while breaking is accomplished through the brake lever and front brake. The gearshift functions as a tension that tightens or gradually loosens the connection between the bicycle chain and wheels. Suspension systems are often found in mountain bikes and in bicycles used in professional sports. These suspension systems act as "shock absorbers" that allow riders/cyclers to control their bicycles better, especially when passing through steep and rough terrains and engaging in bicycling competitions.

Upon knowing these important bicycle parts, the rider will then be able to understand more the process of learning how to bike. Learning how to bike involved the following processes: (1) getting the bike ready (i.e., gearing up for the ride); (2) balancing one's self upon saddling on the bike; (3) identifying and choosing the speed most appropriate for the rider's physical capability; (4) adjusting the brakes and gear for different terrains; and (5) positioning one's self or coming to a stop for the end of the ride.

Gearing up' for the ride involves checking the bike for any malfunctions on its parts. The rider must make sure that the chains are well-oiled, the gears and breaks are in working order, and both wheels are properly inflated. It is also important to at least prepare other gear that the rider may need, such as water in a plastic bottle or container, using a helmet, knee pads, and elbow pads for head, knee, and elbow protection, respectively. Once these precautions and essential preparations are accomplished, the rider must then mount the bike and ride on the saddle of the bike while holding the handlebars. While doing this, one must…… [read more]


Com Boom of the Late Nineties Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (580 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … com boom of the late nineties and have managed to prosper and grow in the years after the collapse of the dot-com bubble and 9/11. The companies we will discuss are ezboard.com, an online community and jetBlue, a U.S. low-fare, low-cost passenger airline started in 1999.

A ezboard.com

In 2002, ezboard, Inc., a subscriber-based online community XE "online communities" based in San Mateo announced that it recently surpassed the 10 million registered user level. At the present, ezboard XE "ezboard." com has over 400,000 active communities, covering everything and 40,000 communities are being added a month. Now, it is the largest online community in the world. ezboard was founded in 1998 by Vanchau Nguyen. Vanchau wanted to build an online community, which provided all of the rich features he had grown accustomed to during his high school and college days as a BBS operator and user. When he searched all of the available community-building tools, he saw nothing on the market that met his needs, so he wrote his own application. That was how ezboard got started as a free, remotely hosted "create your own" online community service.

In an interview (Vorfield, n.d.) about the start of the website, Vanchau describes planting the seeds of prosperity and watching them grows.

How did you go about promoting your web site XE "web sites:promoting"?

Mostly by planting some seeds about ezboard XE "ezboard" in existing online gathering places and then watching them grow by word-of-mouth. Most of our new users are referred by an existing user, which is the best way to attract loyal customers and a great testimonial about the value and fun offered by ezboard.

From the beginning, Vanchau had a clear vision of what the future held…… [read more]


Routine Police Patrol Scenario Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (745 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

Police Patrol Scenario

The actions of Officers Smith and Jones must be considered separately. Officer Jones merely aimed his weapon at the occupants of the vehicle. He did not approach the vehicle or fire his weapon. His actions were entirely appropriate to the situation from both a legal and moral perspective. The legal and moral justification of Officer Smith's actions is less clear. Legally, officer Smith reasonably believed her life was in immediate danger as a result of the driver's actions, and was therefore justified in shooting him. The occupants of the car had committed a violent felony and were believed to be carrying concealed firearms. Officer Smith reasonably and correctly believed the occupants to be the robbers, based on the appearance of the vehicle, and the occupants themselves. When the driver suddenly reached inside his jacket - a likely hiding place for a handgun. At that point, Officer Smith reasonably believed that the driver had made the decision to kill her, had the ability to do so and was attempting to end her life. Under these circumstances, any person has the right to use deadly force in self-defense.

The moral justification of Officer Smith's actions is less clear. Any discussion involving morality requires that morality be defined. Some people define morality in terms of established religious doctrine or natural law. Some even equate morality with following the law and other established rules. I define morality in terms of personal freedom. An action, such as killing someone or stealing something that takes away from the personal freedom of another is generally immoral. An otherwise immoral action is moral in a situation where the action prevents a more immoral action. Someone who attempts an immoral action gives up his right not to be prevented from taking that action, by whatever amount of force is required to do so. Shooting someone who is about to shoot you is moral because someone attempting murder does not have a right not to be killed. Once she was next to the car, and the driver appeared to be drawing a gun to shoot her, Smith was morally justified in shooting him. Smith's decision to approach the car when she believed that the occupants were armed robbers demonstrated…… [read more]


Legal Vehicle Stop Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (834 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … stop legal?

The stop was indeed legal. According to the ruling in Delaware v. Prouse, 440 U.S. 648 (1979), the police may not randomly stop a single automobile to simply check license and registration - they must actually and reasonably believe that the stopped car violated some traffic law.

In this case, the cops did not believe that a traffic law was violated, but did believe that the stopped people were loitering. This is probably close enough to the violated traffic law rule, so the from that angle, the stop was legal.

Another way the detectives can demonstrate that their stop was legal is to show that they had set up some version of a checkpoint, whereby they were checking some percentage - randomly - of cars that they encountered. Since stopping a car is a seizure for purposes of the Fourth Amendment, police generally must have at least reasonable suspicion to justify the stop. However, the Supreme Court in several cases including Michigan Department of State Police v. Sitz, 496 U.S. 444 (1990), has ruled that checkpoints can be valid without reasonable suspicion if cars are stopped according to some neutral articulable standard - for example, every car or every third car - and the government interest in conducting the checkpoint outweighs the degree of the intrusion in fact.

In this case, even without a checkpoint, the stop may have been legal because the detectives had reasonable suspicion. As they noted, people don't hang out in that area and they knew a robbery had been committed.

Specifically, police officers may order vehicle occupants out of a car. Provided that a police officer has lawfully detained a vehicle for a traffic violation, the officer may order the occupants of the vehicle (that is, the driver and the passengers) to get out. The rationale here is that since the occupants have already been detained, the added intrusion of forcing them to exit the car is minimal, while the potential danger to the police officer in allowing the occupants to remain in the car is great.

Also, pretextual stops are acceptable as well. If a police officer has probable cause to believe that a traffic law has been violated, the officer may stop the suspect's car, and this is true even if the officer's ulterior motive is to investigate whether some different law - for which he lacks the reasonable suspicion standard - has been violated or is being violated. This rule stems from Whren v. U.S.,…… [read more]


BMW Is a World-Class, World Renowned Manufacturer Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (488 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

BMW is a world-class, world renowned manufacturer of quality luxury vehicles. Over the years, BMW has designed a full range of vehicles to meet the demands of a changing marketplace. BMW cars range from convertible sports cars to large luxury sedans, SUVs, and motorcycles. Although many of BMW's automobiles are high-end, the company does manufacture several moderately-priced vehicles for more budget-conscious consumers. However, the BMW consumer profile will generally consist of upper-income individuals and families. BMW cars are generally classified into nine different body types: Series 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, X3, X5, Z4, and M. Each series will have its own target market and market segment.

Series 1 BMWs are the sports hatch models. These four-door model hatchbacks will suit a wide range of consumer needs and the target market is therefore quite broad. Because of its versatility, spaciousness, and sportiness, the Series 1 will likely appeal to small families or child-free couples looking for a car that can be used for commuting or for longer road trips. Underlying motivational appeals would center on energy, a need for vitality, and desire for an active, outdoors lifestyle. Target market will therefore be relatively young. Potential fears would include not wanting a car that is too big or too small; the Series 1 will appeal to those consumers who do not want the heaviness, size, or stigma of an SUV, but still need the space and versatility of a larger vehicle.

BMW Series 3 consists…… [read more]


General Motors GM's Number One Priority Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (378 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

General Motors

GM's number one priority must be to cut costs. The company spends $2,500 more than its Japanese rivals to build each car and truck in the U.S. (Robison).

Health care benefits account for a huge chunk of this amount, about $1,400 for each vehicle (Porretto). Unfortunately, according to Porretto, GM's contract with the UAW isn't set to expire until 2007 and the union isn't open to opening up contract negotiations until this time. Better relations between the union and management will be necessary to avoid confrontation and win concessions.

However, all the cost cutting measures in the world won't do any good if GM doesn't become more proficient at delivering the products that customers want. Even though the company rolled out an industry-leading 29 new vehicles in 2004, its U.S. sales so far this year are off nearly 5% (Porretto). Most notably, the company has faltered in developing smaller, fuel efficient cars and is late in the move toward hybrids (Robison). Therefore, GM must downsize its portfolio and begin rebuilding it with cars that reflect current market dynamics.

Last, but not least, GM needs to ensure that…… [read more]