Study "Transportation / Mass Transit" Essays 111-164

12345. . .Last ›
X Filters 

New Technology- Digital Signage and Way Finding Thesis

… ¶ … new technology- digital signage & way finding for public transportation. Digital signage is a relatively new phenomenon used to advertise to the public in just about any arena, from airport waiting areas to the backseats of taxis. It is especially helpful in public transportation arenas, such as buses and subways.

Just what is digital signage? One expert defines it as, "Digital signage is any form of business communication where a dynamic messaging device is used to take the place of, or supplement, other forms of messaging" (Yackey 5). Digital signage is the wave of the future for public transportation, because it can provide necessary information, such as GPS signage that indicates when the next bus is coming to a bus stop and how long passengers have left to wait for that bus. In addition, digital signage can provide income for public transportation entities because they can sell advertising about local businesses located near the bus stops, adding advertising revenue to their income, which can be especially attractive during these dire economic times. An information Web site notes, "In some cases, advertising time is sold to marketers who want to reach travelers. For example, a restaurant in New York might advertise in airports nationwide, but only at the gates that have flights heading to New York" (Editors). This brings a new depth of advertising strategies to businesses and new income to public transportation entities.

The social aspect of digital signage deals with the social effects of the signage on public transportation riders. Usually, the people who ride the bus or the subway do not have much money, and they rely on public transportation to get them to their jobs, their homes, and wherever they need to travel. Everyone knows what a big role transportation plays in our society. Enjoying a useful transportation system lets us move freely around the city. As a public transportation rider, I often feel that the signs in the subway stations are not appealing and instead are confusing. It would be nicer to have digital signage system that can notify us of the next bus/subway arrival time, and it would be more efficient, too.…… [read more]

Amendment One in Florida Term Paper

… Even the owners of a Florida reality company admitted that the plan had flaws: "there is always some downside to tax cutting. Somebody has to pay to continue Florida's growth...More cars are driving on Florida's roads so new and wider streets and highways are needed. These and other much needed infrastructure projects will be postponed or cut due to the reduced tax base....The overburden police forces will continue to be stretched thin," limiting their ability to effectively police Florida's highways, and Floridians will "likely have to wait a little bit longer on lines at the Department of Transportation" (Belloise & Belloise, 2008). The immediate pleasures of quick tax relief will be enjoyed by Florida's residents, of course -- but what will these cuts mean in the long run for the health and safety of the state?

Works Cited

Belloise, Chris & Beth Belloise. "Amendment One." Belloise Reality.

19 Jan 2008. 13 Feb 2008.

Florida Tax Watch: Amendment One will do more harm than good."

Jacksonville Business Journal. 11 Jan 2008. 13 Feb 2008.

NFIB cheers passage of Amendment One." Jacksonville Business

Journal. 30 Jan 2008. 13 Feb 2008.… [read more]

Daimler Divestiture of Chrysler Term Paper

… Daimler-Chrysler Financial Debacle

In The Merger And Dissolution Of Daimler-Benz And Chrysler

History of the Participants: Differences and Similarities


Chrysler History

Prior to the Merger Discussions

Daimler-Benz becoming a global conglomerate

Chrysler's growth and success in the 1990s

First… [read more]

Toll Roads Term Paper

… Privatization of America's Highway Infrastructure

Brief History of Public Roads

The Role of States

Federal Efforts to Build Our Highway System

What is the Answer?

Increased corporate taxes and revenue for localities

Fears of price gouging

Competition leads to better… [read more]

Mechanized World as the World Is Getting Term Paper

… ¶ … Mechanized World

As the world is getting smaller and smaller each day, people have become more of a commuter than a pedestrian. With man's fast paced lifestyle people from all over the globe have been very dependent on… [read more]

Attack of 911 Has Posed Term Paper

… TWIC involves an assimilation of the standard background screenings and biometrics in order that a worker can be securely matched to his or her credential. With complete adoption of the program The TWIC card will emerge as the standard credential… [read more]

German Transportation Technology Term Paper

… German Transportation Technology

Germany's History Behind the Railroad

On December 7,1835, the first English manufactured train ran from Nurnberg to Furth, Germany. The locomotive was built by Robert Stephenson and Co in Newcastle England, and was first driven by an English engineer, Mr. Willam Wilson. Like the U.S. And English countries the railway system connects all corners of Germany from the east towards the west. With the onwards policies of the German Government to continue building their own railways system, on October 4, 1840, Germany launched its first train on the Munchen Augsburg Eisenbahn Gesellschaft. In 1875, history signaled the unification of the whole of Germany. This time served as the starting point wherein all of the state connected in the country were all interconnected and continuous progress were developed in Germany's railway system until the creation of Deutsche Reischbahn and Deutsche Reichsbahn Gesellschaft on 1924.

The railways system in Germany was nationalized on April 1, 1920, establishing the State Raliways of Germany (Die Reichseisenbahn) unifying the state railways companies of Prussia, Bavaria, Saxony, Wurttemburg, Baden, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Hesse and Oldenburg under the sovereignty of the German Reich. The unification was due to new constitution of the Weimar Republic promulgated on the 1st of August 1919. This era was the time of civil conflict in Germany with its loss from World War I and the ascent of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party towards the year 1933.

In 1924, the Dawes Plan, authored by Charles G. Dawes and other European Countries and the United States included the transportation system of Germany, also the railway system, to be part and a source of reparation money to be paid as imposed in the Treaty of Versailles. On the 12th of February of the same year, from Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia, the government issued the regulation for the creation of the German State Railway (Deutsche Reichsbahn) as a state enterprise. As this did not go far enough for the reparations creditor on 30th August 1924 a law was enacted for the establishment of a privately owned German State Railway Company (Deutsche Reichsbahn-Gesellschaft) to operate the state railways

The existence of new rolling stocks was during the establishment and the beginning of Deutsche Reichsbahn-Gesellschaft (DRG), with the new single type of steam engine initiated the harmonization of existing heterogeneous stocks. During 1933, the Flying Hamburg, a high speed diesel train on the high speed tracks developed in Germany ran with the speed that reaches 200km/hr. From an article on the history of German Railways, the following was indicated on the important date of May 11, 1936.

The steam locomotive 05-002 sets a world record of 200.4 kmh (125.25 mph). (The English locomotive 'Mallard' broke this on 3rd July 1938 with 202.4 kmh (126.5 mph))

With the coming of the following year the DRG became plainly DR, Deutsche Reichsbahn, along with the introduction…… [read more]

Air Transportation in Regards to Security Global Sourcing Shipments Term Paper

… Airline Security

Air security has changed and has impacted shipments and has been impacted since increased security since 9/11 the attacks of September 11, 2001, on the United States (9/11) wereintended to cause harm in several ways: fatalities and casualties among innocent, disturbance of the air transport system, and negative economic impacts. Aviation plays an important role in the economic prosperity of the U.S.: it links communities and countries together for business and leisuretravelers, is a means for shipping goods, and it employs millions ofAmericans.Unfortunately, the aviation industry was already in a difficult condition before 9/11. Many airlines have recently faced bankruptcy and almost all eported net losses in the billions. Layoffs have become a means to reducethe operating costs of airlines. High fuel prices, rising insurance costs, and the added costs of ensuring security have all contributed to the troubledcondition of the aviation industry.The paper provides a perspective on the effect of the increased airline security and costs on the logistics of shipping.

Shipping and:Logistics

In the transportation and logistics sector, competition is tough, and customers are getting pickier. However, the costs will get higher with the new increased airline security. But cargo was not given the same level of scrutiny, and lawmakers such as Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchinson, R-Tex., and Rep. Ed Markey, D-Mass., have repeatedly remarked that passengers wait in long security lines only to board aircraft which contain belly cargo that has not been screened. Markey has proposed legislation calling for widespread screening of belly cargo. The TSA outlined a new cargo security plan late last year, and is weeks away from issuing a notice of proposed rulemaking on new cargo security rules. (Karp, 2004)

But even with permanent regulations still contemplated, the agency has issued a number of interim directives and airlines have already started taking action. Northwest Airlines, for example, warned forwarders that it will be spot-checking cargo and will open packages it deems suspicious.Instead, airlines, shippers and forwarders will be given a great deal of responsibility for various screening functions and the TSA will conduct regular audits to ensure rules are being followed. and, as long as Congress passes no new laws, the TSA is not aiming to screen…… [read more]

South This Report Is About the Automobile Term Paper

… South

This report is about the automobile industry migrating south and thus leaving northern and eastern states reeling. Corporate America and especially the automobile industry have become very competitive as the world has become more of a global economy. Companies… [read more]

Commuting for Clean Air Commuter Term Paper

… The average household has 1.75 drivers but 1.90 personal vehicles, proving how much the automobile is a part of the American culture. This reliance on cars may be difficult to break and would, therefore, point to a need to concentrate additional efforts on air pollution reduction techniques such as cleaner fuels, more stringent fuel and emission standards, alternative fuels and better vehicle technologies.

As mentioned in the introduction, commuting policies are only a small part of the solution. If all measures were taken to shift individual from automobiles to alternatives means of transportation, experts estimate that only between ten and fifteen percent of the passenger problem would be addressed and none of the freight problem would be solved (Pisarski, 2001). Thus, there remains a residual eighty-five percent to ninety percent of the problem that must be addressed by additional measures.

In summary, commuter choice programs are viable options for improving air quality and reducing congestion. But, they are not a panacea for solving the complete range of challenges presented by widespread automobile use. While cynics may charge that the programs are a diversion from more meaningful policies, the truth lies somewhere in the middle. Much more is needed to reduce overall automobile travel demand and the pollution that automobiles cause.


Commuter Choice Primer. Retrieved November 23, 2004 from U.S. Department of Transportation Highway Administration Web site:

Pisarski, A.E. Life in the not-so-fast lane. Blueprint Magazine. Retrieved November 23, 2004 from Sacramento Transportation and Air Quality Collaborative Web site:

Wald, M. (2003, August 29). One vehicle on the road, two others in the garage. New York Times. Retrieved November 24, 2004 from Web site:… [read more]

Iconography of Los Angeles Term Paper

… The facilities that make up the infrastructure of normal life, from boutiques to food outlets, churches to dry cleaners, department stores to universities, have taken shapes influenced by the presence of the universal network of roads and the universal assumption that all that matters is centered on the car. The automobile is an icon of freedom, perhaps the perfect embodiment of all the reasons why people opened up the West of the United States in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries - to find space, liberty, individual expression. Los Angeles, the freeway city, is the sum of these ideas.


Banham, Rayner, Los Angeles: the Architecture of the Four Ecologies (London: Allen Lane, 1971).

Crouch, Winstan W. & Beatrice Dinerman, Southern California Metropolis: A Study in Development of Government for a Metropolitan Area (Berkeley & Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 1963).

Davis, Mike, City of Quartz: Excavating the Future in Los Angeles (New York: Verso, 1990).

Fogelson, Robert M., The Fragmented Metropolis: Los Angeles, 1850-1930 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1967).

Dear, Michael J., H. Eric Schockman & Greg Hise (eds.), Rethinking Los Angeles (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1996).

Foster, Mark, Streetcar to Superhighway: American City Planners and Urban Transportation, 1900-1940 (Philadelphia PA: Temple University Press, 1981).

Hall, Peter, Cities in Civilization: Culture, Innovation and Urban Order (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1998).

Klein, Norman, The History of Forgetting: Los Angeles and the Erasure of Memory (London: Verso, 1997).

Longstreth, Richard, City Center to Regional Mall: Architecture, the Automobile, and Retailing in Los Angeles, 1920-1950 (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1997).

Rubin, Barbara, 'A chronology of architecture in Los Angeles', Annals of the Association of American Geographers, vol. 67, no. 4 (December 1977).

Soja, A.J. & Edward W. Scott (eds.), The City: Los Angeles and Urban Theory at the End of the Twentieth Century (Berkeley CA: University of California Press, 1998).

Robert M. Fogelson, The Fragmented Metropolis: Los Angeles, 1850-1930 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1967), pp. 5, 7; Winstan W. Crouch & Beatrice Dinerman, Southern California Metropolis: A Study in Development of Government for a Metropolitan Area (Berkeley & Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 1963), p. 3.

Genevieve Giuliano, 'Transporting Los Angeles', in Michael J. Dear, H. Eric Schockman & Greg Hise (eds.), Rethinking Los Angeles (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1996), p. 231.

Richard Longstreth, City Center to Regional Mall: Architecture, the Automobile, and Retailing in Los Angeles, 1920-1950 (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1997), p. xv.

Barbara Rubin, 'A chronology of architecture in Los Angeles', Annals of the Association of American Geographers, vol. 67, no. 4 (December 1977), p. 522.

Rayner Banham, Los Angeles: the Architecture of the Four Ecologies (London: Allen Lane, 1971), p. 31.

Banham, Los Angeles, pp. 88-9.

Peter Hall, Cities in Civilization: Culture, Innovation and Urban Order (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1998), pp. 830-1.

Banham, Los Angeles, p. 23.

Mike Davis, City of Quartz: Excavating the Future in Los Angeles (New York: Verso, 1990), p. 6.

A.J. Soja & Edward W. Scott, 'Introduction',… [read more]

Japan Major Cities and Transportation Term Paper

… ("Transportation," 2004)

The remaining thirty percent of the trains belong to several dozens of private railway companies, especially in and around metropolitan areas, and all are famed for their speed, convenience, and well-packed nature, especially during rush hour. Even local trains, which stop at every major commuter stop, are world-renown for their speed. However, the speediest of trains in Japan are government owned. The most famous of these is the Tokaido Shinkansen line of bullet trains, connecting the major metropolitan areas of Tokyo, Nagoya, Kyoto and Osaka. It was inaugurated in the year 1964 as the first shinkansen line and the world's first high speed train. As early as 1964 it ran up to speeds of about 200 km/h and now reaches speeds of over 300 km/h. ("Transportation," 2004)

Works Cited

Transportation." Retrieved on June 11, 2004 at… [read more]

Railroad Policy Analysis the National Term Paper

… At that time, many in the trucking industry invested heavily in piggyback's promise, including less-than-truckload haulers, truckload carriers like J.B. Hunt Transport and Schneider National, and package express giant United Parcel Service. Rail inter-modal transport was more cost effective for… [read more]

Financial Funding System for Amtrak Term Paper

… They may build rider-ship but that's at the cost of creating revenue. The Inspector General of the Department of Transportation (March 2001) warned:

Amtrak's overall financial results have been improved significantly since 1999.

Our assessment of Amtrak's 2000 business plan identified a number of elements that Are unlikely to perform as Amtrak had expected. If no short action were taken to compensate for them, Amtrak's cash loss would be almost $1.4 billion more than it projected over the four-year period 2001 through 2004."

So what can be done and why? It's important to remember single that rail service is still a strong mode of transportation in this country. According to Senator Patrick Leahy, "The administration fails to recognize the reason Amtrak was formed in the first place: to fill a void for national passenger rail transportation left because a variety of private railroad companies went bankrupt in the middle of the last century." It is also a known fact that there isn't a national passenger rails service that operates without subsidy funding. The airline, highway and other transit systems also require government funding and Amtrak needs to continue to receive that long-term financial commitment.

Some critics suggest privatizing Amtrak but others voice their concern for that solution based on Britain's failure to make that a success. Accidents, chronic delays and system failures resulted in the great breakdown of Great Britain's passenger rail system. Congress and the President reject proposals that would turn back the clock to an era in America when rail service was on the brink of total collapse and eventual elimination.

Rail service should be supported and encouraged. As a country that is still facing terrorist threats, having a defunct rail system would leave the United States in a precarious position.

Rail service is safer and often easier. It can be quicker than air, bus and car travel for some routes. The government needs to partner with Amtrak officials and find a way to turn the tide and create a revenue-producing company.. Congress needs to conduct a review of Amtrak. What worked and what didn't and why.

Several initiatives can be implemented that would help foster potential revenue growth for Amtrak and not just boost rider-ship. First, improvements need to be made. High-speed service must become a reality. New passenger cars must be added to the fleet and older ones retired. Amtrak needs to add new routes and create city-to-city routes that would make them competitive with bus companies and airlines. Finally, Amtrak needs to look at expand it's business offerings, by adding and express package service or food shipping services. The key is to make the public aware of what rail service can mean to them personally and possibly to their business.

Senator Leahy believes a strong rail system can add important security and economic benefits to the nation. He also supported the National Defense Interstate Rail Act, can give Amtrak the tools and funding needed to promote operational efficiency and allow Amtrak to provide nationwide service… [read more]

Magnetic Levitation Propulsion Systems Term Paper

… Incompatibility

Probably the biggest disadvantage of the Maglev technology is its complete incompatibility with the existing system -- train tracks for conventional trains etc. This results in the need for massive investment. (The cost factor will be discussed later in… [read more]

How Prepared Are American for Disaster Research Paper

… Personal Preparedness in America

Each day, some or other individual(s), somewhere in America, is recuperating from a calamity. Though a decline has been observed in the past year in declared disasters to 6 national emergencies and 45 declarations by the… [read more]

Economics and Environment, MIA Airport Expansion Essay

… Miami International Airport is in the process of expanding its operations over the long run. Having just completed two new terminals in succession, plans are presently in the works to replace the original terminal, which is quite dated. Replacing this… [read more]

Advantages and Disadvantages of Intermodal Logistics Parks Case Study

… It is necessary to have logistics parks to enhance freight forwarding and assembly and warehousing.

Intermodal logistics parks also provide employment opportunities to the people of a given country. Therefore, they contribute to the improvement of the living standards of the people. For instance, people are employed as forklift and train drivers, supervisors, and inspection officers. In addition to the creation of jobs, these parks also make it easy for the customs and immigration services at the border. Goods will move smoothly and swiftly with little losses to the government. The parks will also restrict the movement of illegal goods across borders. The inspection done in the park will enhance the detection of illegal goods fast and easily before they move across the borders. The thought of the inspection at the business parks will also discourage potential dealers in illegal goods to go ahead and engage in search business. Such dealers will need a lot of skimming and strategizing before bypassing the inspections.

However, besides the advantages that come with logistics parks, there are also some disadvantages. For instance, the activities in the park increase the risks of loss of goods to fraudsters at the borders. A businessperson may easily lose his/her goods if he/she is not very carefully. It is very easy to interchange containers in an intermodal logistics park. In addition, much business time can be lost in the park due to the delays involved at the park. The sorting and arranging of containers can waste time for business executives, which would have rather been used in doing business. The products held up would have been quickly moved to the various business destinations. These delays can also cause great losses especially when dealing with perishable goods. Perishable goods can expire while at the intermodal parks awaiting loading to the means of transport, which leads to significant losses.

Nevertheless, despite the disadvantages of the intermodal parks, it is necessary that these parks be set up to enhance intermodal logistics. One should not be scared by the disadvantages but be cautious to strategize on how to deal with any eventualities of setting up such parks.… [read more]

Urban Development Through Infilling and Transit-Centering Research Paper

… This relationship is known as the paradox of intensification, as follows:

Ceteris paribus, urban intensification which increases population density will reduce per capita car use, with benefits to the global environment, but will also increase concentrations of motor traffic, worsening the local environment in those locations where it occurs (Melia, et al., 2011).

What are the variables that influence developers' perceptions of red tape in the planning and approval processes?

What is the political will of the planning commission with respect to infilling?

What efforts have been made to inform local residents and businesses about the tenets and successes of smart growth?

How applicable is urban intensification to the city?

To what degree do transit operations appear capable of supporting smart growth?

To what extent is the planning commission receptive to compact neighborhoods, pedestrian and bicycle friendly design, and transit-oriented development?

Methodology and Approach

The research will employ qualitative primary research methods in the form of surveys and in-depth interviews. Secondary research will be conducted prior to the primary research in order to guide the survey questionnaire development and to ensue that robust examples of smart city strategies are utilized in the research.

Data Sources

Type of Data


Primary -- surveys research

Responses on survey questionnaire conducted with town hall participants of neighborhood organizations, members of the planning commission, city planning department staff,

Primary - interviews

Responses to in-depth interviews with transit authorities, public officials in local government, and developers,

Secondary -- document review

Extant research and reports on cities using a smart growth or urban intensification approach.

Work Breakdown Schedule




(from start)


Kick-off meeting

Meet with client to discuss research objectives and timeline. Discuss sampling frame and other methodologies of approach.


Consultant / Researcher

Conduct secondary research

Obtain, review, and synthesize existing research & outcome reports on cities successfully implementing smart growth.

2 weeks


Develop questions

Write survey questions and interview protocols



Prepare panel (participants)

Establish sample and contact participants for primary research (surveys, interviews)

2 weeks

Consultant / Researcher

Conduct primary research

Conduct surveys

2 weeks


Analyze survey responses



Conduct interviews

4 weeks


Analyze interview responses



Synthesis & Analysis

Write final report. Meeting for researcher to discuss findings with consultant



Final report

Meet with client to discuss findings. Submit report to client and relevant stakeholders.

16 weeks

Consultant / Researcher


Melia, S., Parkhurst, G. And Barton, H. (2011). The paradox of intensification.…… [read more]

Types of Airline Marketing Term Paper

… Failing to concentrate on the wants of the consumer, this approach demanded that the airlines advertised their products and services. There was reinforcement for the sales teams, and additional incentives provided based on the sales made. This is not a long-term approach since an airline can only run a promotion for limited time. An example of this approach is providing promotional fares during off-peak seasons. This would be an effective way of filling up the seats in an airline. Sales-oriented approach does not focus on the needs of the consumer, but rather it is concerned with ensuring that the airline has enough consumers. Failing to concentrate on the wants of the consumers makes the airlines to develop promotions, and advertisements that increase sales.

The consumer-oriented approach focuses on satisfying the needs of the passengers. Focusing on the needs of the consumer ensures that the airline is able to cater for its different consumers and provide satisfactory services to them. This approach is concerned with ensuring that it satisfies its customers. Each business decision will reflect the airline's desire to satisfy its customers. Using the consumer-oriented approach the airline is able to retain more consumers and attract new ones. The airline is able to categorize its customers based on their preferences. This way it targets its different advertisements to specific customer categories. For example, conducting a survey on passenger demographics would provide an airline with information regarding the different kinds of passengers it attracts. This information would allow the airline to understand and develop promotions geared towards them.

c) From your opinion, which is the best concept of airline marketing approach would you adopt for your airline company and state your reasons

The best approach for an airline company would be the consumer-oriented approach. This approach is not only concerned with product development and making sales, but it is also focused with the wants and needs of the passengers. Passengers have vast information, and they know what they want. Failing to concentrate on their needs will result in a reduction in passenger for the airline. An airline that improves on its products based on passenger feedback and develops new products that are focused on passenger satisfaction will definitely be successful (Airline Trends, 2013). Different consumers have different needs and understanding their different needs would allow the airline to develop intensive marketing strategies. These strategies would increase passenger numbers, as they would cater for different passenger groups. Satisfied passengers are more likely to recommend the airline to their friends, and they will prefer to use that airline again. Once an airline is able to identify its different group of classes and their demographics, it is able to link its products with the different consumers. Using the consumer-oriented approach, an airline could discover that most of its passengers prefer travelling in business or third class. To attract passengers on their first class it could offer them opportunity to upgrade their ticket at a minimal fee. This way the airline would be able to… [read more]

Main Street USA Research Paper

… Theme Park

A staple of Disney theme parks is the Main Street USA zone. This section features prominently in all of the parks, usually coming right after the entrance. Key services like Guest Relations are located in this section, in… [read more]

Privatization of Air Traffic Control Term Paper

… This allows the respective ANSP to focus on its core function of air traffic control (Dillingham, 2005).

New Public Management Orientation in the U.S. Air Traffic Control

The new public management (NPM) approach also supports the provision of public services… [read more]

1920S / Automobile and Modern Essay

… What he had begun by working for the government -- and establishing public relations as a discipline -- he now put at the service of commerce. This is worth considering when we look again at the parallels that exist between the 1920s and the present day -- in some sense, the Internet-based economy permits a corporation like Facebook to attain an astonishing value, when in reality Facebook is a more sophisticated way of delivering advertising (targeted advertising, in fact). It's value is not in what it offers, but in the perceived ways in which it can be used to start selling ideas or political movements. If the car in the 1920s occupied the niche that the computer occupies today, then it is worth noting that something like Facebook -- which is, in financial terms, really just a newfangled advertising platform -- plays a similar role to Edward Bernays. In short, we can learn a lot about how the strange new economy of the 21st century may work, by returning to the remarkable economic history of the 1920s.


Norton, MB; Kamensky, J; Sherriff, C; et al. (2014). A people…… [read more]

Environmental Issues Faced in 21st Research Paper

… The main technique for controlling stormwater releases is the application of best administration practices (BMPs) that stop or diminish the release of contaminants into a water body (e.g., building of a stormwater holding pond to stop stormwater drainage straight into… [read more]

Eisenhower Creation of Interstate Highway System Essay

… Eisenhower Creation of Interstate Highway System

Dwight Eisenhower was the United States of America's 34th president. He ranks as one of the best presidents in the country's history due to many development projects that he initiated and complete during his… [read more]

School Parking Hello, Mr. Martinez Term Paper

… School Parking

Hello, Mr. Martinez. As you are well aware, the overall student population at Florida International University has become very disgruntled over the apparent lack of decision making regarding student parking. The campus, to my delight, has been very vocal in their assertions regarding parking and its overall availability. In addition, faculty, staff, and visitors are all united in their concerns over the lack of parking availability. These negative sentiments can affect the campus and its overall reputation irrefutability is this problem continues unabated. As such, this document provides plausible solutions to the Universities parking epidemic that mitigates harm to the university while also adding convenience to all patrons. Furthermore, the document provides valuable insight as to how to prevent this problem from occurring in the future. Through the use of this document, my aim is to provide a financial atoneable solution that is both relevant and timely.

To begin, I would first like to present figure 1, highlighted the number of parking spaces to the number of students enrolled in the university. As you can infer, the campus has grown enormously throughout its three-decade history. Students are now recognizing the value proposition of the university in regards to academics and overall quality. However, the available parking spaces have not grown at a rate anywhere near that of the students. This creates massive inconvenience in the form of transportation, timeliness, and overall traffic. There are now roughly 6 students for every 1 available parking space. This corresponds with a ratio of roughly 1 to 1 in 1970 and 2 to one in 1980.

Figure 1: Comparison of Student Body Increase to Decrease in Availability of Student Parking




















In addition, the university conducted a survey regarding parking and the…… [read more]

Porter's Five Force in Auto Industry Term Paper

… Porter's Five Forces In Auto Industry

Industry definition

Industry profile

Industry structure

Future outlook

Porter's Five Forces Strategy Analysis as it applies to the Auto Industry

Bargaining Power of Suppliers

Threat of New Entrants

Bargaining Power of Buyers

Threat of… [read more]

South Africa's Public Transportation Needs Essay

… The first and foremost is the need for improved and ongoing maintenance of road conditions, road signs, barriers and other traffic constructions designed to maintained orderly use of the roads.

But beyond that, an article in BBC News (1999) reports, "Paul Swart, a spokesman for the opposition Democratic Party, called for improved policing, more frequent roadworthy tests and limiting the number of hours bus drivers spend at the wheel." These recommendations would be highlighted by a high number of bus accidents and subsequent fatalities. These would demonstrate the need for more traffic safety officers on the road. Lax enforcement of traffic safety rules leads to unsafe driving and, in the case of the bus drivers that are essential to South Africa's public transportation landscape, also leads to inappropriately long hours behind the wheel. Tired bus drivers represent a danger to everybody on the road.

Therefore, a key component to improving the way that land is used for public transportation is to improve the numbers and distribution of enforcement officers and roadwork or maintenance teams. With its roads so heavily traveled both by locals and visitors, it is incumbent upon South Africa to make them safe and desirable.

South Africa is a nation on the cusp of greater recognition as an internationally appealing destination. Improvement of these above-noted dimensions of public transportation could help it to take that next step forward on the world stage.

Works Cited:

BBC News. (1999). South Africa's Deadly Roads.

CIA. (2013). South Africa. The World Factbook.

Move, Inc. (2012).…… [read more]

Environmental Pollution Term Paper

… Environmental Pollution

Phoenix, Arizona's growing population exerts pressure on infrastructure and natural resources. This has ultimately impacted the environment. City's expansion initiatives have cut deeper into rural areas leading to loss of wetlands and biological habitats. It has also led to air and water pollution. The high density of automobiles, factories, and commercial enterprises within the vicinity of the city has accelerated airborne emission of particulate matter, various types of oxides, and toxic volatile compounds. The city authorities are bothered that the population trends could have negative impact on the environment, economy, and the general social welfare of the city residents. The authorities are particularly concerned that the population growth could possible lead to infrastructure deterioration, increase traffic congestion, and loss of open space. The population increase could also compromise air and water quality. This report seeks to come up with recommendations that can help fix Phoenix pollution scares that lies within the $18 million allocated for tackling environmental issues.

The City Council of Phoenix should seriously consider establishing green spaces or even embark on urban forestry to address pollution debacle that it is currently faced with. This costs a total of $4.2 million. Trees influence local air quality because they remove air pollutants (Escobedo, 2010). They also indirectly modify microclimates by lowering temperature and altering wind patterns. Trees minimize air pollution in three major ways: deposition, precipitation, and wind (Nowak, Crane & Stevens, 2006). Care should however be taken because trees can also modify ambient temperature and solar radiation, wind patterns, and relative humidity (Scott, Simpson & McPherson, 1999). Trees remove particulate matters, ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and carbon monoxide (Smith, 1990). Trees also reduce topsoil erosion as well as stopping the washing of pollutants into the water sources (Kuo, 2003).

The City Council of Phoenix should encourage alternative transportation. The authorities should beef up security to ensure that those walking or cycling to work are safe. This will substantially reduce the number of automobiles in the roads. This will significantly reduce emission of compounds like carbon monoxide and lead…… [read more]

Alliance Why Would Large Airlines Case Study

… (Hauptman, 2008) (Wensveen, 2011)

So you think the government should have a role in overseeing these alliances? Is it good for competition for the government to keep intervening?

The government plays a central role in regulating the industry. This is because the standards they impose will ensure that consumers are treated fairly. Moreover, they can ensure that everyone is following the highest safety practices. This improves reliability and the experience for everyone. (Hauptman, 2008) (Wensveen, 2011)

It is beneficial for the government to intervene up to a certain extent. This means that officials can determine if certain practices are hurting consumers or if any kind of regulations are being ignored. This ensures that there is a focus on promoting competition and maintaining the highest standards for improving safety. When this happens, the public will have more confidence about utilizing this form of transportation more frequently. (Hauptman, 2008) (Wensveen, 2011)

Does it make sense to have several government departments involved in antitrust regulations?

Yes. This is because each department has the ability to determine if a particular problem will result from a possible merger. These insights can help to focus the discussion by looking at contrasting aspects of the issue. When this happens, the government can create a policy that is taking these different views into account. This will ensure that the interests of the general public are always at the forefront. (Hauptman, 2008) (Wensveen, 2011)

For instance, the Department of Transportation will look at the impact of a deal on the industry. While the Justice Department, is concerned about anti-trust regulations and possible breaches. Each agency is providing unique insights about the overall challenges of a potential merger and how they will impact stakeholders. It is at this point when officials can make an informed decision by examining contrasting opinions and views. (Hauptman, 2008) (Wensveen, 2011)…… [read more]

Comair Flight 5191 Research Paper

… This pattern of behavior is consistent with perseveration. In other words, the air traffic controller was more comfortable engaging in routine tasks than ensuring that planes were taking off properly or handling the emergency once it occurred.

Based on the flight crew's behavior, they too were experiencing perseveration. As Pruchnicki and colleagues (2011) mention, with the flight crew went to a plane without checking to be sure it was the right one. After the right plane was located they went through the motions of pre-flight preparations, rather than going over the details with enough attention to generate concern about where the runway was located. This suggests the flight crew was feeling pressured to perform tasks in a shorter period of time, thus the omissions and mistakes when performing checklists and briefings. With the pressure of rushed preflight checks and briefings, the increased workload would have aggravated perseveration.


Based on the analysis by Pruchnicki and colleagues (2011), the SAFTE/FAST model could have only been useful for predicting whether the air traffic controller was too fatigued to be on duty. To try and correct this deficiency, they recommended that flight crew members wear actigraphs when sleeping to generate a record of the amount and timing of sleep periods. The data from the past several days could be uploaded into the onboard recorder before the flight, thereby preserving the data in case of a fatal accident. The data thus gathered could also be used to develop shift schedules that would protect the sleep/wake rhythms of the flight crews and air traffic controllers.

In her speech before National Sleep Foundation in 2010, NTSB chairman Hersman described the difficulty accident investigators experience when trying to determine if fatigue played a role. She also mentioned that fatigue was being documented in an "… alarming" number of transportation accidents, including aviation. In an effort to describe the NTSB's view of the effects of fatigue, she compared it to the severity of alcohol inebriation. This comparison was used because so much more is known about the effects of alcohol consumption on motor and cognitive performance and the NTSB has responded accordingly by routinely testing for alcohol and drugs in the immediate aftermath of an accident. Achieving the same goal for fatigue is at the top of the NTSB's Most Wanted List of transportation safety improvements.

The fatigue-related safety goals the NTSB is working towards includes a methodology for forensically determining whether fatigue played a role, establishing employee work schedules that would foster rest and circadian uniformity, pushing employers to establish policies that permit employees to call in fatigued, and encouraging professional standards that include reporting for work only when rested (Hersman, 2010).


Caldwell, John A. (2012). Crew schedules, sleep deprivation, and aviation performance. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21(2), 85-89.

Hersman, Deborah A.P. (2010). Remarks of the Honorable Deborah A.P. Hersman, Chairman National Transportation Safety Board before the National Sleep Foundation in Washington, D.C. Retrieved 14 Feb. 2013 from…… [read more]

Demand for Suvs, Hybrids Research Paper

… For drivers who need large utility vehicles like trucks for works, hybrid technology has proved to be disappointing. Overall, the "the hybrid has a greatly-reduced towing capacity and payload, which is most likely due to the addition of the electric… [read more]

Estimation of Road Traffic Emissions in Jakarta Indonesia and Development of Strategies for Reducing Dissertation

… ¶ … prosperity in the developing nations of Asia such as Indonesia is exacting a toll on the health of people and the environment through increased vehicular travel and concomitant increases in harmful emissions. This aim of this case study… [read more]

Cmv Cellular Phones Essay

… Most truck drivers who responded to the agency's new rule did not wholly object to the idea that it is safer to drive without holding a cellular phone. One driver was quoted as stating "They should expand it to everybody…If you're going to operate a cellphone in a motor vehicle, you should be wearing a Bluetooth… [but] why limit it to truckers?" (Leiser 2011) The most common complaint was that the new rule did not go far enough, that drivers of ordinary cars, vans, and all other vehicles should also be included.

It is not entirely fair that truckers have been chosen to be the ones who get the ban on mobile phone use since the majority of accidents and fatalities seem to be caused by regular drivers in regular vehicles. And while the FMSCA seems to unfairly impose a rule on one group of drivers while not do the same to all the others, this should be seen more as a first step than a finished product. The ban on hand-held devices in CMV's should only be the gateway toward a complete ban on hand-held phone use in all vehicles. It will not be until all drivers are completely focused on their driving, and not on the phone in their hands, that the roads will be safe for all.

Works Cited

"Cell Phone Use Banned for Commercial Motor Vehicles." Local CBS St. Louis. 13

Dec. 2011. Web. 24 Oct. 2012.

"Drivers of CMV's: Restricting the Use of Cellular Phones." Federal Register. 2

Dec. 2011. Web. 24 Oct. 2012.

Leiser, Ken. "Interstate truck drivers face cellphone ban on Jan. 3."

10 Dec. 2011. Web. 25 Oct. 2012.… [read more]

Session Long Project Case Study

… economy class?

First class targets passengers can afford to pay more money for greater amenities such as more comfortable seats (or seats that totally recline on long flights), food, and bonuses like specialty drinks. Comfort, luxury, and privacy are prioritized by first class travelers. Business class is often a second-tier class and its name implies it is populated by businesspeople traveling on the company dime. These travelers fly frequently and want additional amenities, particularly those that speed their travel time and waiting in line. "International airlines are locked in a technology-led competition to provide the best business class seats and win the largest share of big-spending corporate travelers" (Rothman & Jasper 2011). Economy class is the cheapest of all three, and is populated by travelers who are at least somewhat budget-conscious.

Contrast Jet Blue vs. Southwest Airlines in terms of the following two aspects:

(1) Compare and explain the impact of key external factors on each company, e.g., economic conditions and the growing consumer interest in leisure travel.

Both Jet Blue and Southwest are regional carriers who offer budget services. Given that travelers are growing increasingly price-conscious, both carriers have capitalized upon the misfortunes of the major carriers to some degree, as even the nationals are forced to offer fewer services such as meals but have not slashed prices. Jet Blue and Southwest have never offered many amenities but always offer cheaper prices.

(2) Describe each company's target market and positioning. Give some examples of how these strategies are implemented for each company.

"Veteran Southwest built its reputation on 33 years of stake-your-claim seating, wisecracking flight attendants and plentiful peanuts. Upstart JetBlue emerged from nowhere...with new planes, free seatback boob tubes and baskets of junk food. [However] They're two very different creations, especially when it comes to size. Southwest flew seven times as many passengers as serves twice as many cities and has more than 10 times the number of daily flights" (Woodyard 2004). Southwest is also better known for its quirky marketing, including singing flight attendants and wisecracking pilots. Customer service is a priority. There is also a rough democracy in its attitudes -- until recently there was no assigned seating at Southwest, in contrast to Jet Blue. However, Jet Blue has been praised for having better food and more in-flight amenities like televisions.


Rothman, A., & Jasper, C. (2011). The unbearable heaviness of business class. Business Week


Structure of the airline industry (n.d.). Avjobs. Retrieved:

Wen, C.-H., & Yeh, W.-Y. (2010). Positioning of international air passenger carriers using multidimensional scaling and correspondence analysis. Transportation Journal,… [read more]

City Corridor I Rode Term Paper

… 4. I also felt like the neighborhoods were generally quite vibrant, with a lot of street life. The transit line goes through a lot of high-density urban areas, and it seems that is why the line was built here.. Looking at the route, it connects downtown with many inner city neighborhoods, but ones that are mixed in income. Thus, there are going to be people traveling from these areas to downtown during the week. The line has fairly high ridership during rush hours, compared with the weekends. That said, there are few areas along the route that are economically depressed or that would not have a good reason for one to get out and walk around. Thus, the line also serves as a means to explore these areas, or to live in one part and shop in others. On the way back downtown, there were more people with shopping bags, presumably because it is later in the day.

The route also serves as a connecting route. From the Red Line, there are connections downtown with other lines, and at North Hollywood there is a further connection to the orange line bus. So the route serves to connect these major hubs. This also gives access to the different neighborhoods in the Hollywood/Wiltshire area to the people who work downtown, or who live in further suburbs to come to the city. I think the city planners felt like building this line here was both a means to get a lot of cars off the road during rush hour, but also to revitalize some areas in Hollywood and connect Koreatown with downtown.

5. From what I know of this route, it is much busier during rush hours than on the weekend. During weekdays, I think it is the most traveled line in the network. So as far as I am aware, the choice to ride on a Saturday had a significant impact on the number of other riders that were on the train.

I also am certain that the types of riders is affected. It may be that the number of non-professional riders is roughly the same, or maybe a little bit higher during the week. People still go shopping mid-week as far as I know. But the number of professionals, people in suits, especially downtown, is going to be much higher. I also feel that during the week, especially during the rush hour, a lot of these will be riding all the way to North Hollywood so that they can connect with suburban services beyond the metro line. On the weekend, there were a few of these people exiting the train at the end of the line. I feel that the "feeder" nature of the route clearly exists for downtown.

This means that the other major group of people using the line are those who live, work and shop in the immediate area. They might use the line to go two or three stops away, and I saw a lot of evidence… [read more]

Global Position System (GPS) Term Paper

… This creates a lot impact in the business travel buyers and their travelers (Sheridan & Corker, 2006). According to Next Generation Air Transport System (NGATS) blue print, which ask funding to the aviation security system and to the entire sector… [read more]

United States Automotive Industry Research Paper

… The automobile industry of the United States is saturated by a large number of well-established local and international brands. General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler are the local automobile giants whereas Toyota, Honda, Nissan, Suzuki, and Hyundai; the big five international… [read more]

TSA Is TSA Crossing Research Proposal

… Another major policy that TSA implemented is TSA VIPR's Program (Visual Intermodel Prevention and Response). This program involved teams of Federal Air Marshals, Surface Transportation Security Inspectors, Transportation Security Officers, Behavior Detection Officers and Explosive Detection Canine teams screening every individual on train stations, airports and bus stations. The measure was a complete violation of the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution that states that the government cannot carry out any sort of search without any probable/solid reason (Stanley, 2011). The policy crosses the boundaries of ACLU terms laid down.

The current measure introduced by TSA is TSA Pre-check Program. Pre-check / Trusted Traveler Program is an expedited screening program where travelers eligible for this screening (Global Entry/GE, NEXUS, SENTRI members, Delta Skymiles and American Advantage frequent flyer program members (U.S. Department of Homeland Security)) would need to provide nine digit Trusted Traveler Member number (PASS ID) when booking for travelling. A complete detail of the program will be a part of this thesis. The one important claim that comes out of the analysis of this program is that this security measure is running in the right direction, with no violation against ACLU principles. TSA Pre-check has expanded in numerous airports of the nation and this pre-screening process has been successful so far.

Moreover, the transition of TSA towards less invasive silhouette outline body scanner images instead of SPOT and VIPR has been appreciated due to the fact that these scanners are millimeter wave body scanners which replace the nude images of bodies with just generic outlines of the human form… [read more]

Network Design Essay

… Network Design

Network engineers together with the users develop the ability to deal with network design challenges that prove difficult compared to a similar level they were created. The predicament can lead to network that is complex and challenging to trouble shoot. The situation can also lead to networks that do not function well as required as the significant of scale growth arises hence not matching the requirements of the customer. A solution to such a problem is usage of an organized, top-down network design methodology that concentrates on fulfilling the requirements of a customer, limitations, and goals.

Top-down network design

Top-down network design is a method for planning networks that start at the top layer of the OSI reference model prior to moving to the bottom layers. It concentrates on applications, phases, and data transport done before choosing routers, switches together with media that function at the bottom layers. The top-down network design procedurecomprise exploring divisional as well as group structuresto get the people whom the network offers services and also to get valued information to make the project succeed (O'Kelly, & Miller 1994).Top-down network design is considered interactive and recognizes that the consistent model and the physical strategy change as more data is gathered.Understanding the business goals of a customer and constraints is a serious element of network design.

As network expectations changes network engineers come up with design principles. Many Enterprises do not depend on one vendor, technology inventions or protocol. The design tactic has improved dramatically and comprise of safety and scalability as main criteria. Security has an immense influence on network design.There is larger redundancy in many network designs since the events that took place in September in the year 2001. This has made business continuity a priority. Organizations are concentrating on increased stages of redundancy as well as disaster-recovery initiatives becoming a requirement (Nes, 2003).Redundancy is defined in many forms comprising of different power sources, several WAN carriers, substitute cable routes coupled with redundant hardware. Network connectivity and other services are perilous components of enterprise functions.

The rate of downtime is aggregating at a remarkable rate.Enterprises do not focus on usingone vendor and protocol as many technologies are now consistent. Designing a network is not an insignificant factor. Evaluating the design standards enables a person to understand the network and the functions of the network. Network designs have to adapt easily in implementation of the next generation of technological invention. Many network designers plan to have IP telephony.These network design initiatives are for new networks and helpful in enhancing the existing ones.Proper planning on networks is often based on sound architecture hence makes redesigning of the designs in the future easy.

Stages of the Network

Design is one elementassociated with a network life cycle. Planning, design, implementation, operation, and optimization (PDIOO) are the phasesinvolved in network life cycle. Every stagecreates its precursor to establish a sound network that preserves its efficiencynotwithstandingthe changing business wants. A person can use the PDIOO methodology…… [read more]

Government Agencies Post 911 September 11, 2001 Research Paper

… Government Agencies Post 911

September 11, 2001 changed the lives of all Americans. It was a terrible attack on American soil that forever changed the nature of the modern American consciousness. However, it had much more practical implications as well in terms of how it impacted government agencies and their role in protecting American citizens from future attacks. Today, old agencies have readjusted their roles along with the formation of new agencies to step up the level of protection for American citizens, especially in terms of global transportation security.

Both old and new agencies have had to revamp their agendas in accordance with new policies adopted after the 9/11 attack shocked the nation. Many government agencies that were already in place were revamped in order to take on new responsibilities and to ensure an increase in security measures. For example, the Federal Aviation Administration was restructured in order to address the new threats in a post 9/11 world. Originally set up in the mid 20th century, the agency predominately dealt with air traffic. However, after the attack on 9/11, the agency then became responsible for increased security measures. In addition to readjusting the roles of already established agencies, new ones were established as well. For example, the Department of Homeland Security was established in order to increase protection of citizens from terrorist attacks, which differentiated its activities from the Department of Defense which works in a military context only.

In this post 9/11 world, the nature of aviation security has dramatically changed. The Federal Aviation Administration has increased its own role in global transportation security. Funding to the organization has been crucial in developing and implementing more innovative global positioning software that tracks planes all over the world. Their efforts have not only streamlined flight…… [read more]

Designing a Procedural Security System-Wk4-Writ Oakland International Research Paper

… Designing a Procedural Security System-wk4-Writ

Oakland International Security

The particular asset within the global transportation system that this document will discuss is Oakland International airport, which is approximately the third largest airport within the San Francisco Bay Area. Before describing the security system and the different measures employed to maintain the safety of passengers and employees utilizing this airport, it is essential to describe the security threats that Oakland International regularly faces. Essentially, there are both external and internal threats. External threats are those that come from outside the airport and threaten to breach its perimeter defenses. Internal threats are those that are found within the airport itself -- typically in the form of passengers or those posing as passengers or possibly as employees.

External threats to Oakland International include objects, vehicles, and people attempting to penetrate its perimeter to damage the airport and those inside of it. For this specific reason, the primary security measures for this airport include fortifying its exterior. There are a couple of ways to efficaciously accomplish this objective, such as erecting barricades like walls and tall fences around the perimeter of the building. Access to areas that are considered sensitive -- such as terminals, fuel depots, and baggage area handling areas -- should be especially guarded. Additionally, it is important to employ a large force of a security team -- members of which should ideally include representatives from the Federal Aviation Authority -- on the outside of the airport to project a vigilant presence that can detect any external threats before they have breached the airport's perimeter. Vehicular access to the airport should be restricted and includes implementing measures of parking in which people are not allowed to be in stationary vehicles for an extended length of time near sensitive areas (Tyson & Grabianowski, no date).

In terms of attempting to counteract internal threats to Oakland International Airport, there are a number of prudent measures that can help secure the airport. Again, it is necessary to enumerate…… [read more]

Southwest Airlines Originally Began Operation Term Paper

… The main concerns of any HR department are: improving performance, lowering costs plus motivating and satisfying employees.

Human Resource is responsible for recruiting, promoting and training employees. The company itself aims to provide the best quality service with a warm,… [read more]

Smith Electric Vehicles - Kc Essay

… However, with increasing utilization of renewable energies, electric powered vehicles could represent a sustainable solution to transportation related environmental issues.

Companies such as this represent a private sector solution to the quest for sustainability. Although a comprehensive industry solution is still many years away from being feasible, it takes companies like Smith Electric Vehicles many years to acquire the capabilities to be able to mass produce their products. Though there are still a plethora of obstacles that must be overcome before this technology can become mainstream, the company is making great strides towards this end.

One way this company benefits the local community is that it is training local citizens in the technologies that will most likely be employed in the future. Not only does it employ many people and train them in these technologies but it also fosters a sense of awareness about environmental issues. The company also definitely adds a positive contribution to the local culture which adds sustainable issues to the discussion. All and all, the company is a good member of the Kansas City community and it should receive as much local support as feasibly possible.

Works Cited

Colgrass, N. (2012, April 15). The Coal-Powered Secret of Some Electric Cars. Retrieved from Newser:

Smith. (2012). Overview. Retrieved from Smith Electric Vehicles:

Smith. (2012). Zero Emissions. Retrieved from Smith Electric Vehicles:… [read more]

Aviation Demands and Capacity Constraints at SFO Airport Essay

… San Francisco Airport -- Solutions

In business, it is sometimes necessary to make decisions regarding the long-term future in terms of survival. This often means that there are few choices, some or most of which might be unpleasant. Airports face… [read more]

Hot Rod Car Enthusiasts Essay

… These regulations are generally geared at number of other related issues on the surface. For example, a noisy muffler may be regulated on the grounds of pollution standards and environmental concerns. Other restrictions may also be geared at certain safety concerns such as the having the proper safety restraint equipment in place or barring certain performance enhancements that are legal to use on the street, such as tires for example. Older customized vehicles may also not pass a state required inspection if some of the vehicles features are not modernized to meet standards introduced after the cars production.

Although many of these regulations and restrictions are arguably well intentioned, many others are not. Some are clearly driven by contempt for the emerging countercultures' that are centered around the aesthetic and performance enhancements of automobiles. Furthermore, this contempt is based upon a stereotype that is one actual reality. While some members of such counter-cultures are undoubtedly of a criminal nature, the vast majority are completely law abiding. This is actually the same within any cultural group that you can imagine whether it be based on religion, national identity, hobbies, ext. However, given the formation of the stereotypes is already in existence, instances of indiscretions by any of the members are quick to be picked up by the media which only acts to further perpetuate the stereotype.

There is some evidence of groups fighting back against both the stereotype in general as well as the unfounded instances of restrictions and regulations. The Specialty Equipment Market Association (SEMA) has formed an action network known as SAN (SEMA Action Network) (SAN). While the action network is focused mainly on legislative issues regarding the specialty equipment modifications performed on cars, the broader organization also works to mitigate the negative stereotype by holding car rallies and other events for charitable causes through another branch of the organization known as SEMA cares (SEMA). As a result of this groups efforts, as well as the efforts of individuals all over the nation, it is unlikely that legislative measures will ever be able to break the collective spirit of automotive enthusiast in this country and the spirit of the hot rod will live on indefinitely.

Works Cited

Hardin, D. "Can They Outlaw Hot Rodding?" 10 December 2010. Hot Rod Magazine. Web. 1 May 2012.

IBIS World. "Auto Customization Shops in the U.S. - Industry Market Research Report." 1 February 2012. Market Research. Web. 1 May 2012.

SAN. "Promoting Legislative Solutions for the Automotive Hobby." 2012. SEMA Action Network. Web. 1 May 2012.

SEMA. "Leading Manufactures Pitch in Parts for Charity Mustang GT." 2010. SEMA. Web. 1 May 2012.

Zaragoza, S. "Alta Mere…… [read more]

New Payment System for Parking Essay

… The proposed fees for the website necessary for the project are within the MBTA's budget and will be subject to quality assurance beta-testing.

The detriments from the city's point-of-view are that the proposed plan may not recoup the additional revenue it must outlay to construct the system. Even if the system is not unduly costly, there will still be some cost to install scanners, mail stickers to participants, and to screen for those who attempt to circumvent the system. The new system must also be marketed in a compelling fashion, and the different aspects of participation must be clearly explained. There is no guarantee that increased numbers of commuters will avail themselves of the opportunity to pay in advance because of the increased ease of using the system. Secondly, if more people elect to use public transportation, this can result in higher costs, greater stressors upon the system, and a demand for new routes and more subway cars and buses to accommodate traffic. Finally, there may be complaints of favoritism towards those who buy the passes. More casual drivers may feel excluded and angry when they cannot find places to park near MBTA stations if there is an increase of commuters using the parking lots, thanks to the greater ease of the new system. Tourists that take their cars to the city may feel irritated when they cannot find easy, convenient parking near an MBTA station.

A final charge might be that the system does not convey much additional value, since commuters can already buy a monthly permit and display this on the dashboard or pay via mobile phone technology. The primary added value is that the 'scanned' payment system is less cumbersome and the payments are automatic, reducing the chance a commuter will forget it is the first of the month and needs to renew the pass: the detriment from a consumer's point-of-view is a loss of control and flexibility day-by-day and month-by-month, in terms…… [read more]

Bikeways: A New Jersey State Term Paper

… It is also something of an obviation that the most important stakeholder at the end of this program is the cycling enthusiast or the potential cycling enthusiast. The degree to which the resultant bike paths are used, enjoyed and contributing to a reduction in automobile usage, traffic and related emissions will be a substantial gauge to their success in satisfying stakeholder demands.


The immediate goals of the program are to accept applications and award grants for the construction of the recently approved 1000 new miles of bike path space throughout the State of New Jersey and, consequently, "to establish regionally connected bicycle networks" that produce an interconnectedness between all New Jersey counties and municipalities. (NJDOT, p. 1) Additional goals of the program are outlined by the Handbook, which calls for the prioritization of safety, the improvement of access through paths to local community centers, parks, commercial and residential areas, expedient production from the time of grant allotment, the fomenting of community support and the pairing of reputable applicants with meaningful funding. (LTPA, p. 1)


The major objectives to be achieved as the outcome of these goals will be the increase in usage of conserved public space, increased interest in cycling as a mode of transportation, reduced traffic congestion and improved compliance with statewide emissions standards. These objectives are supported by a boon in state funding. According to Copeland (2011), "the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) has announced the award of 33 grants worth a total of $7.6 million to municipal and county recipients through four Local Aid programs, including nearly $3 million for bikeways."

Evaluation of Goals and Objectives:

This funding brings great promise but also calls for the objective evaluation of the program's ability to achieve its stated goals. The article by Andy (2009), for instance, describes a project in New Brunswick in which poor routing decisions seem to impede a constructed path from providing improved access or safety. This highlights the need to engage in survey evaluations amongst path users for every newly constructed bikeway, with bi-annual improvements to be made at those sites found wanting.

Works Cited:

Andy, B. (2009). New Brunswick Bikeway Fatally Flawed. Walk Bike Jersey Blog.

Copeland, D. (2011). NJDOT announces grants of nearly $3 million for bikeway development around New Jersey.

Local Transportation Planning Assistance (LTPA). (2011). Bikeways Grant Program Handbook. New Jersey Department of…… [read more]

Commercial Helicopter Industry Capstone Project

… Speculation of Findings

The proposed research will likely be similar to trend analysis from trade materials, but will provide a much more detailed look at the trend notification in public material. The researcher expects to see data that indicates that these smaller companies struggle to recruit pilots in a timely manner and find this trend to be increasingly prevalent. The work will also seek to provide a better understanding of the kinds and types of training that might be needed to respond to mass pilot loss and how the training organizations might better serve future students. Challenges to the industry are clearly many and finding qualified pilots would seem to be at the top of the list of possible shortcomings in this almost golden industry of growth. The work might also better indicate to future students what type of experience smaller providers are seeking and how to get it through larger industry involvement. There is a clear sense that with the diversity of the industry pilots need to be skilled in a variety of areas and given the task there is little margin for error. For this reason I believe this work will be highly informative regarding small business trends in the commercial helicopter industry.

Austin, N. (2008, June 21). Business with lots of highs. Advertiser, The (Adelaide).

Denham, S. (2007, June 10). Ireland is flying high? Not if you own a chopper. Sunday Times, The.

Garvey, W. (2006). B/CA Fast Five. Business & Commercial Aviation, 98(1), 20.

Moore, A. (2008, January 13). With predicted pilot shortage in mind, Oregon college touts aviation program. Bulletin, The (Bend, OR).

Phillips, E.H. (2000). Genav Feeling Pinch of Tight Pilot Market. Aviation Week & Space Technology, 153(15), 106.

Rimmer, D. (2000). Sierra Adds Career Helicopter Training. Business…… [read more]

Trip of a Lifetime Bon Research Paper

… 4. Sightseeing:

Though we are reserving our right to laziness, we intend to use: Walks of Italy, which the one we will likely visit and provides a private boat for a tour of Venice for 484 Euros ($645.40 USD) (Walks… [read more]

Financial Analysis of International Airlines Group Thesis

… Financial Analysis of International Airlines Group


Contact Details

Confidentiality Restrictions

Today, the aviation industry is faced with skyrocketing energy costs, the lingering aftereffects of the Great Recession of 2008 and the looming threat of ongoing terrorist activities in many… [read more]

2007 Economic Crisis on American Thesis

… S.

One of the main factors which incremented this crisis even more was the expensive cost of automobile fuel, this was linked to the global oil crisis which occurred before the automobile crisis. The rise in fuel prices caused the… [read more]

Packaging Material There Are Various Packaging Materials Research Paper

… Packaging Material

There are various packaging materials that are used in the daily transport of goods across the globe. There is always a pursuit to get the most efficient packaging and one that is most efficient in getting the goods safely to the destination. These packaging material always come with varied advantages that make transporters to go for them, on the other hand, they also have various disadvantages that accompany them.

There is the paper-based shipping container that is widely used in moving goods. The advantage of such a transport mode is that is environment friendly as it can be recycled or re-used 100%, it is also noted to be light hence does not add unnecessary weight to the carriers. The paper-based containers are also noted to be easy to manipulate since they can be stapled together during packaging or even just glued together and the packaging is complete. This then allows the packaging to take various shapes and sizes without much problems and it is worth noting that it gives as easy printability (Food Communications Information Services, 2012).

This method has its disadvantages as well since it does not provide any protection against moisture or water to the goods that are on transit. The paper packaging cannot as well accommodate a heavy load and may easily disintegrate upon bearing heavy weights.

The other category is the wood-based shipping containers which apparently is widely used due to its features despite the disadvantages that it has. Wood-based containers will provide adequate protection to the items that are under transport if they happen to be fragile, with a foam lining, wood-based containers are the best. Wood is also reusable as the demolished containers can easily be used to make other pieces of furniture hence reducing the wastage of the material. Wood can also be custom cut into crates of the required sizes and the items to be transported fitted into it without needing much effort or resources…… [read more]

Hong Kong Financial Market Research Proposal

… ¶ … financial market of Hong Kong in the airline transportation arena. Our central question is whether or not this a good time for an airline based in Hong Kong to issue its IPO. While the Hong Kong and market… [read more]

12345. . .Last ›
NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.