Study "Women / Feminism" Essays 991-1000

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What Are the Goals of the Feminist Movement Toward Religion? Term Paper

… Feminist Movement and Religion

Analyzing the Relationship between Religion and the Feminist Movement: Cases from the Christian experience

Religion as an important institution in the society has been idealized as apolitical by nature. However, the influence that it wields to… [read more]


Ibsen Henrik Term Paper

… Dolls House

DOLL'S HOUSE

Henrik Ibsen's play "A Doll's House' holds an unsurpassed place in the history of women's emancipation movement. The fact that it was a man who wrote this and not a woman lends it even further credibility… [read more]


Medicine in Charlotte Perkins Gillman's "The Yellow Term Paper

… ¶ … Medicine in Charlotte Perkins Gillman's "The Yellow Wallpaper"

At the beginning of the story "The Yellow Wallpaper" by Charlotte Perkins Gillman (1899), the narrator has recently had a baby and suffered a nervous collapse. Today, we might call the narrator's difficulty post-partum depression. The narrator is having trouble coping with the emotional difficulties and physical and hormonal shifts that come after pregnancy. Also, she lives within a society that does not accommodate the intellectual and maternal needs of women simultaneously. In other words, a woman must choose motherhood or personhood; a woman cannot be both a body and a mind. This means that the cure the narrator is prescribed, to forego all mental exertion, only makes her symptoms and inner conflicts worse, rather than better.

The narrator begins the story already distraught and unbalanced. She surrounded by people who do not understand her needs. She is trapped in the home where she is supposed to be resting. Her room becomes her prison. She describes herself "unreasonably angry" with her husband, a physician who prescribes "tonics, and journeys, and air, and exercise" and insists there is nothing really wrong with his wife, as he dismisses her imaginative fantasies as silly romance. At one point in the story, he calls his wife "little girl," affectionately. The woman hates the peeling wallpaper of her airy room, calling its "sprawling flamboyant patterns committing every artistic sin" with "lame uncertain curves for a little distance they suddenly commit suicide." This description indicates she is already projecting her unhappiness into the wallpaper's design.

Two weeks later, the narrator is frustrated that her husband will not repaper the room, but she cannot let herself reproach him, and instead reproaches herself for not being like John's sister Jennie who is a "perfect and enthusiastic housekeeper, and hopes for no better profession." The narrator projects all of her anger onto the wallpaper, calling it viscous and impertinent. By…… [read more]


Susan Glaspell's a Jury of Her Peers and Susan Glaspell's Trifles Term Paper

… ¶ … Jury of Her Peers and "Trifles" by Susan Glaspell. Specifically, it will discuss how the men would interpret the evidence the women found. These two stories are really the same story, one told in a short story, and the other told in a play. The women are much more observant and astute than the men in this story, and they find evidence that shows Mrs. Wright had a real reason to hate her husband. He drove her to murder because of his cruelty and disregard, but the men ignore the obvious signs, and simply laugh off the women's findings. If the women had presented the rest of the evidence they found, they would have laughed that off as well, because they do not respect their wives or give them any credit for coherent, rational thought.

The men in this story are full of their own importance, and the evidence the women discover is not important to them. They continually belittle the women and make light of what they do. It begins when the sheriff ignores the items in the kitchen. Glaspell writes, "Nothing here but kitchen things,' he said, with a little laugh for the insignificance of kitchen things" (Glaspell). Right away, it is easy to see how he and the other men feel about women and their work. They and their work are insignificant, and so, they could not possibly have the common sense to stumble across important evidence and interpret it correctly. That is left unsaid throughout the story, but it is clear the men have no respect for their wives or their intelligence.

Later, another of the men says, "Oh, well,' said Mrs. Hale's husband, with good-natured superiority, 'women are used to worrying over trifles'" (Glaspell). That is exactly what they would think of the dead bird and the other clues the women discover as they talk. Mr. Wright was a cruel man, and he drove his wife over the edge of sanity by taking away the only thing she had to love and comfort. The men could never understand that, and so, the women rightfully keep the evidence to themselves. To the men, the bird would be nothing more than a "trifle," and they certainly would not understand how its…… [read more]


Diversity People Across All Nations Have Their Term Paper

… Diversity

People across all nations have their own sets of beliefs and cultures. These beliefs and cultures affect they way people talk, move and react on different things or events. These beliefs and cultures can also affect one's perception towards jobs and other career and/or business-related aspects. Needless to say, difference in cultures can also affect the result of business negotiations. One best example for this is by comparing two country's business cultures and practices.

Difference in country will mean difference in culture and traditions. Among the most noted differences between countries are language difference, variations in philosophies, beliefs and cultures and differences in business etiquettes and cultures (Schuler, 2001). but, however different the cultures may be, or however diverse the cultures of the workforce are, there is one proven solution that may eliminate any possible problems due to cultural differences among people in the workplace - and that is having an open and good flow of communication to and from the manager and the subordinates. Communication will help alleviate whatever problems there may be. To reiterate, the success for the collaboration of two companies from different regions with different business practices lies in the proper communication. Asking questions, openly suggesting the ideas and perspectives of the two sides and transparency among the thoughts and opinions should be established so that the barriers to differences in business cultures will be eliminated.

2. There is no problem with a woman aspiring to become a president. In today's time and age, women empowerment is already an accepted phenomenon. People have already recognized the capabilities of women to lead a country and to hold the most powerful position of any…… [read more]


Hour Charlotte Perkins Gilman Research Paper

… Her hope is that she will be able to flee through that window and actually go out and "see in the open square before her house the tops of trees that were all aquiver with the new spring life. The delicious breath of rain was in the air." Similar to the narrator in "Yellow Wallpaper," the outdoors symbolizes freedom and escape from society's rules.

Other symbols, besides the house, windows and room, are similar between the two stories, as well. Where a window offers freedom and a hope to break free of confinement, a door symbolizes a means of keeping the outside world away. Ironically, both women actually begin to imprison themselves. The narrator locks the door to keep her husband out. Since she could not flee from the window and the outside world, she makes her room her haven. Likewise, Mrs. Mallard locks the door, so she can look out the window in peace and not be disturbed by those who have imprisoned her:

Josephine was kneeling before the closed door with her lips to the keyhold, imploring for admission. 'Louise, open the door! I beg; open the door -- you will make yourself ill. What are you doing, Louise? For heaven's sake open the door.' 'Go away. I am not making myself ill." No; she was drinking in a very elixir of life through that open window.

At the conclusion of each story, the characters' lives become even worse when the door opens and the outside societal pressures are let in. In "Yellow Wallpaper," the husband finds his wife having a total mental breakdown and becoming lost in the walls that enclose her. She is now controlled by the Yellow Wallpaper instead of the others in the household. In "Story of an Hour," the door likewise opens onto a negative occurrence. Mrs. Mallard sees her husband Brently, and she knows that her hopes for freedom are gone.

The narrator and Mrs. Mallard both hope to climb out the window and enjoy the times on their own terms, which is impossible. They want so much to be on their own and independent of a male-dominated society, that it is impossible to accept that their lives will never change. It was not that their husbands are malicious or abusive, but rather that these men are following the role given to them. As Mrs. Mallard concludes: "And yet she had loved him -- sometimes. Often she had not. What did it matter! What could love, the unsolved mystery, count for in face of this possession of self-assertion which she suddenly recognized as the strongest impulse of her being!"

References

Chopin, Kate. "The Story of an Hour." Website retrieved January 3, 2007. http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/webtexts/hour/

Gilman, Charlotte. "The Yellow Wallpaper." Website retrieved January 3, 2007. http://itech.fgcu.edu/faculty/wohlpart/alra/gilman.htm#Heroic%20Slave… [read more]


Conversational Rituals Term Paper

… Conversational Rituals, As Seen Through the Eyes of Deborah Tannen

According to leading sociolinguist Deborah Tannen, communication is never simply about saying what you mean, or merely communicating information in a factual manner. Every conversation has a complex undercurrent, or subtext. Every culture reads silence, confrontation, vocal pitch, and physical difference in different ways, and the cultural differences between the genders also influence how certain words, conversational styles, and implicit as well as explicit meanings are expressed.

Ritual opposition talk

For example, in what Deborah Tannen calls ritual opposition talk, different conversational partners may disagree with one another, sometimes to reaffirm their higher status, such as when a boss publicly disagrees with a subordinate, or even makes a dismissive comment about that person's dress when walking past that employee in the aisle. This does not just mean "your tie is bad," it also means, "I have the power to talk to you this way, and you do not have the same power over me." Less obviously, ritual opposition talk may be seen within families, as when a mother-in-law might state to her new daughter-in-law "that's not the right way to make a roast, he doesn't like it that way." The real issue is not the tenderness of the meat, of course, but the tenderness of the interpersonal conflict between the two women, warring for status in terms of their right to cook for the man in question.

It is important to remember that different cultures may allow for different forms of opposition talk to varying degree -- in Japan, even amongst men, oppositional dialogue may be more muted, while in highly confrontational cultures, such as the Mediterranean, both women and men may use friendly disagreement as a source of connection as well as power plays.

Rapport talk

In contrast to ritual opposition talk, rapport talk is the speech of agreement. However, like ritual opposition talk, the meaning of what is said is less important than the actual bonding through conversation. When two women talk in the ladies' room, for example, about a new type of makeup both women happen to be using, the point of the dialogue is not really the shade of the lipstick, but creating a connection. While women in American culture may be more apt to use agreement rather than disagreement to bond, men often use such subjects as sports to create an emotional sense of common ground or rapport. Rapport talk might also be thought of more colloquially as small talk.

Trouble talk

Trouble talk, or confessional talk, the exchanging of information about problems, is another form of intimacy, also often seen amongst women in our current cultural environment. A woman might share her problems about a new boss or boyfriend. When trouble talking, women often expect empathetic agreement from their partner, while men might often be taken aback when a more stereotypically male approach to 'solving' the…… [read more]


Pride and Prejudice Does Jane Austen Essay

… ¶ … Pride and Prejudice

Does Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice reinforce or erode sexist stereotypes of women?

Jane Austen's famous novel Pride and Prejudice deals with personal pride and social prejudice in the society of the time. In this… [read more]


Bellamy and Atwood Term Paper

… Science fiction is a term that includes a wide array of speculative fiction and not just, as some people believe, space ships and the like. Much science fiction entails social criticism as well, and two examples are Looking Backward by… [read more]


Rosies Gone? Term Paper

… ¶ … Rosies Gone?

Where Have All the Rosie's Gone?

The era since the end of World War II has seen many social changes, especially in the traditional roles of men and women. Many were shocked when Betty Frieden penned… [read more]

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