"Women / Feminism" Essays

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Feminism and Stereotypes Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (580 words)
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Other stereotypes that have been noted in the feminist movement include that feminists think poorly of heterosexual women in general, or women that are "effeminate" rather than "butch." The feminist movement is generalized as not being concerned with the problems of other social groups. Some people complain that feminists today raise awareness of the single mother's terrible social situation in our society, but that they stereotype all men as having it easy, even though there are many impoverished men and single fathers suffering from social inequalities as well. Others say that feminists stereotype all men as abusers, and while fighting for the rights of battered women and female rape victims, ignore the plight of battered and abused men and male rape victims.

However, the stereotypes that are supposedly held by feminists may not truly be a part of feminism, but rather a fabrication of the stereotypes held by others about feminists. Among the stereotypes applied to feminists include that they are all white and middle-class. The stereotypical lesbian does not shave or wear dresses, bras, or high heels. Stereotypical feminists do not wear makeup or concern themselves with aesthetics of any sort. Of course, feminists are also viewed to all be lesbians and fit the "Femi-Nazi" image of a woman holding all of the above mentioned stereotypes regarding other people.

An example of how such stereotypes were put onto feminists early in the movement is the Miss America protest of 1968, where "the media portrayed the protesters in fairly negative terms, such as coining the term bra-burners to denote all radical feminists, even though no bras were burned." (241) These negative stereotypes have prevented many women who would otherwise be a part of the movement from identifying as… [read more]


Feminism the Feminist Movement Term Paper

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Many people say that this was the start of modern feminism, though the movement would not take true feminist form until the mid-twentieth century when women would begin a strong attack on "the degrading mindless-boob-girlie symbol" (242) and other stereotypes.

Because women were so strongly typecast into a particular mold, it was seen as threatening and improper when women began to fight for equality. Therefore, many unfair stereotypes were formed regarding feminists as a way to slander the movement and prevent it from gaining positive publicity or respect. One stereotype is that all feminists are lesbians. While lesbians have had a significant role in the feminist movement, feminism does not equal homosexuality, and many heterosexual women are feminists. Another stereotype is that feminists do not shave and do not use makeup or otherwise "pretty" themselves. While most feminists would say that it is not fair to force these beauty standards on women, feminists are free to choose their own personal fashion style. Many people have said that feminism is a form of hatred and prejudice against men. This is not true, as feminists strive for equality of the sexes.

Others see all feminists as Nazi-like militant extremists blinded by their cause, when in fact feminists range greatly in how hardcore their involvement in the movement is. Further stereotypes are that all feminists are white and middle-class, which denies the role of many feminists from different racial and social groups. Unfortunately, to some degree these stereotypes have permeated the feminist movement and cause there to be prejudice among feminists. Especially early on, many feminists held racist beliefs and did not want to include Blacks or other minorities into the movement. Other feminists see… [read more]


Why There Is a Need for Feminism Within Our Society and Its Strong Points Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,499 words)
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Feminism in the Works of Glaspell, Atwood, And Gilman

Communication and Gender Differences: Insights from 20th century literary works and 21st century "cyberfeminism"

Literature for the 20th century has become revolutionized with the introduction of feminist literary works. As the prevalent ideology of this period in history, feminism is generally identified as an "advocacy of social equality for the sexes,… [read more]


Carol Gillian's "Women's Place Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (644 words)
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It is interesting to read Gillian's text as a defense of interdependence in personal and working moral life when one thinks of how much 'teamwork' is stressed even by the most stalwart of masculine business management theorists -- and as the population as a whole begins to age, and to live longer the fact that no individual is fully able-bodied and able-minded for all of his or her adult life. Interdependence in the role of moral development has become more important, for both men and women, rather than less important, giving the collectivization of the working process and the need to tend to both older and younger people in all individual's lives. Effective moral development in this environment must center on the understanding of responsibility of relationships -- with conception of morality as fairness towards others, as well as understanding one's own rights and rules in an independent society.

On the surface it might seem, Gillian's thesis suggests that women have their own special version of morality rooted in relationships and caring rather than abstract notions of justice and equity. But Gillian's thesis is more complex than that. Although she affirms intrinsic differences between the sexes because of their differences in biology as well as the ways they are raised, she does not see these differences as fixed and immutable, rather as different journeys that occasionally intersect as well as fork outwards and away from one another and now, in the end, and at the beginning, all human beings are interdependent upon one another.

Works Cited

"Difference Feminism." (2004) In Focus. Retrieved 2 Dec 2004 at http://www.butterfliesandwheels.com/infocus_friendly.php?num=1& subject=Difference%20Feminism

Gillian, Carol. (1982) "Women's Place in Man's Life Cycle." From In a Different Voice. Cited in Jacobus, Lee. (2001) A World of Ideas. Sixth Edition.… [read more]


Role of Women in Medieval European Society Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,971 words)
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Women in Medieval European Society

Within our society there is a fascination with the special position of women in nearly every period of history. Perhaps this fascination with the past is rooted in our constant hope to prove social progress. "Social history aids in understanding women's condition in any age; it is particularly essential for comprehending women in the Middle… [read more]


Liberalism Feminism Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,061 words)
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Liberalism V, Feminism

Liberalism vs. Feminism:

Comparative analysis between Liberalism and Feminism

Perhaps the most fundamental similarity between liberalism and feminism is that liberalism and feminism are both wide ranging, inclusive ideologies that are often difficult to define, although the personas of both liberals and feminists have stirred up the ire as well as the affection in the public discourse.… [read more]


Feminism Both Betty Friedan Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (582 words)
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Schlafly's "Positive Woman finds somebody on whom she can lavish her maternal love so that it doesn't well up inside her and cause psychological frustrations." In fact, Schlafly states that the reason "why women have traditionally gone into teaching and nursing careers" is because they need a "baby-substitute" if they have no children. Friedan also underscores the instinctual need in women for nurturing and motherhood, needs that are taken advantage of, diminished, and/or undervalued in a patriarchal society.

Both Friedan and Schlafly therefore fall prey to stereotyping and over-generalizations about women. Schlafly offers some particularly gross generalizations. For instance, she states, "Men are philosophers, women are practical, and 'twas ever thus." She also notes that "most married women feel they worked hard for the r in their names." Friedan has been commonly criticized for her over-emphasis on the white upper-middle class female experience, which poor women and women of color cannot relate to. Friedan also upholds the housewife role as ideal for women; the housewife embodies the "feminine mystique" because men cannot fulfill that role. Neither author acknowledges the wide range of gender identities that exist in the social spectrum, identities that might not include a desire for child rearing or marriage. In affirming the real differences between men and women, both authors lump all women into broad categories that uphold their vision of the "feminine mystique" or the "Positive Woman." As a result, neither Friedan nor Schlafly offer a thoroughly convincing argument. Nevertheless, Friedan and Schlafly do offer women the opportunity to embrace certain aspects of their gender that might be denied or downplayed in modern society. Both authors speak of the feminist movement as being dangerously close to demanding from women a denial of their true identities.… [read more]


Women of the Civil War Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,469 words)
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¶ … Civil War era [...] important women of the Civil War, including the way women were treated and the various roles they played in relation to the civil war. Of course, there were thousands, even millions of women who played crucial roles on both sides fighting the Civil War. Women had to stay home and run the farms and… [read more]


Liberal Feminism Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (426 words)
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Liberal Feminism

The philosophy of liberal feminism stems back to the writings of John Stewart Mill in the 1800s, believing that personal "rights" should predominate over concerns for the social good and that government should stay out of the private affairs of its citizens. The liberal feminist wants to free women from oppressive gender roles. This focus bears a similarity to the existentialist position that seeks equality of rights and freedoms between women and men.

In liberal feminism, prostitution is thought of as an inherent political right and a private business transaction with the right to enter into contract. Yet, this does not necessarily mean that all liberal feminists approve of prostitution in a moral sense. Radical feminists, to the contrary, view a prostitute as a human being who is reduced to a piece of merchandise. Similarly, radical feminists do not believe that a prostitute's desire to enter into a contract is done of her own free will. Instead, prostitution is recognized as an exploitative relationship where the customer is interested only in the woman's services and not her personally (Bromberg, 1997).

Liberal feminism is also when the claim of women for equal rights is seen in the context of a general opposition to various forms of oppression and discrimination, independently of other…… [read more]


Woman Suffrage in Colorado in 1893 Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,719 words)
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¶ … campaign for woman suffrage in Colorado. A brief overview of suffrage is given as a background to the topic. Then both the opinions of supporters and opponents of woman suffrage are presented. Finally, the primary reason why suffrage was granted is explained.

The Campaign for Woman Suffrage in Colorado, in 1893

Woman suffrage is defined as the "right… [read more]


Women vs. Men Historians: Interpretations Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,344 words)
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Women's History]

WOMEN VS. MEN HISTORIANS: IT'S ALL IN THE INTERPRETATION

In the book Women and the Historical Enterprise in America, Julie Des Jardins researches the American women's involvement in the writing of history from the late nineteenth century through the end of World War II, when this field became very male oriented. Although women were not often taken seriously nor recognized any where near the male historians, they did do their best to explore and cover areas frequently overlooked. The question for this paper is whether or not history would be viewed differently if women played a greater role in recording history. The answer lies in interpretation. History is not just a reiteration of facts. Rather, it is an interpretation of facts based largely on the historian's perceptions and beliefs. The same set of facts can lead different historians to draw different conclusions, provide differing explanations, and even to produce opposing interpretations. It is rare for two historians to write identical accounts of the same events. One cannot even assume, therefore, that someone of the same race, religion or even gender will see the events in the same fashion.

Americans, and humans in general, find it very easy to lump people into categories. Stereotyping and labeling in black and white is simpler than trying to list all the shades of grey in between. Therefore, one hears comments as "they think" (who ever "they" are) and "all blacks." Looking at the feminism or the woman's movement is a good example. There are plenty of women to this day who believe that their place is in the home as wife and mother, not working or trying to be on equal footing with men. In fact, go to any book store and many of these women are writing books that support this belief. Then there are many women who are doing their best to be everything -- mother, wife and bank officer. Also are numerous women who are very career oriented and decide not to get married or not to have children. In addition is every increment in the middle of these categories. Today's books cover all of these women as well.

What if more women either had more opportunity or were more recognized to write about equality between men and women in earlier days? Susan B. Anthony is the name long associated with the right for women to vote. However, there are many other women who pushed this cause whose names have not become well-known. A History of the American Suffragist Movement by Doris Weatherford relates much of the information not known about this topic. For example, in 1637, way before the actual Suffragist Movement, a woman named Anne Hutchinson went against the male leadership and exercised her right to free speech. The theocrats who ran the newly founded colony of Massachusetts tried and convicted her of treason because her religious and feminist ideas did not agree with their strict theology. She was exiled with her 12 children, most of whom… [read more]


Morality, Justice, Feminism Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,363 words)
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That males have claimed dominion over the Earth (without also claiming the need to be shepherds or, in the archaic usage, husbands) has caused females to become 'other' (Brown 1999 163-169). Feminism claims that, among western cultures, it is "white, middleclass, heterosexual, and male against which all things are measured (Tan)" (Brown 1999 163-169). Employing a single measure is the… [read more]


Feminism War Has Always Affected Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (603 words)
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However, women were being formally trained as officers during the First and Second World Wars and series of congressional bills were put forth to encourage more female support for American troops in the war cause. Many uniformed women served in North Africa during World War Two, which greatly affected the lives of all American women. Women who were not directly involved in combat normally had husbands who were. In their husband's absence, women were encouraged to work. The proliferation of women's work dramatically altered the American female experience. However, the social progress made during the 1940s was about to take a step backwards when the men returned from combat and the baby booming began.

During the 1950s, in the wake of devastating loss of life during the Second World War, women's roles once again became relegated to the home. However, during the Korean War and after, women did work outside the home in low-paying jobs. The roles of women therefore became conflicted, as they were expected to be dutiful homemakers but also had to be solid financial contributors to the family.

Women continued to serve in the military in increasing numbers until the 1970s, even when the attempt to pass the Equal Rights Amendment failed. Although women were not enlisted into the draft, females are now notable presences in the American armed forces and rise to positions of considerable power. Women have become more visible military presences as well as political and economic ones. Moreover, during times of war, women are no longer considered to be simply as ancillary helpers or servants to men, but women nevertheless receive less pay and status than their male counterparts. Thus, what was once a purely male experience became shared by both…… [read more]


Women and the American Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (880 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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"

Another issue that the female gender still experiences in some workplace these days is the unequal distribution of jobs. This is apparent in the composition of the American workforce where the male gender has a higher percentage composition as compared to the female gender. Similarly, the common cause of this problem is the continuous belief of people on the surpassing capability of the male gender than the female gender. Amazon Castle Online suggests the similar view by stating that

Traditional "women's work" may be undervalued in part because people think of it as a natural extension of women's family and household responsibilities and therefore not appearing to require any special or additional skills.

It is fortunate, however, that these days women are able to prove their worth in the workforce. Especially in the American economy, we can see great number of women who performs the jobs that used to be dominated by men. Although, there is still no doubt that somehow the perception of gender inequality still exists. We may see women wearing corporate clothes and are occupying high positions in a company, but behind this may exist some perceptions from other people in her work environment that if a man occupies her position, the performance of the duties and responsibilities would be better.

Vicky Lovell, as indicated by Larry Keller in his article Workplace Gender Gap, asks the question on how people will interpret the fact that the female gender doesn't have as much work opportunity as the male gender. Her answer to this relates to the traditional and conservative concept that women should be at home, doing the household chores and taking care of her family. Lovell indicates that

Men can choose to have children and choose to be admitted to the workforce because they've already established that women will be doing the caring work, relieving them of the work-family conflict. Society has narrowed women's choices in a way that it hasn't narrowed men's choices."

In general, the major and basic reason why there is inequality in the distribution of job and wages

Between men and women is the continuous belief of some that men is superior than women.

Bibliography

Longley, Robert. Gender Gap Widening, Census Data Show.

http://usgovinfo.about.com/od/censusandstatistics/a/paygapgrows.htm

Working Women.

http://www.amazoncastle.com/feminism/myths.shtml

Keller, Larry.

Workplace Gender Gap.

CNN.COM. 2000.

http://archives.cnn.com/2000/CAREER/trends/12/12/womenpay/

Lose Gender Gaps in Workplace.

http://www.enquirer.com/editions/2004/10/21/editorial_1021workingwomen.html… [read more]


Women Historians United States Historian Arthur Schlesinger Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (870 words)
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Women Historians

United States historian Arthur Schlesinger stated that historians' silence about women made it seem that half of the American population had not had any impact on the country's history. "Any consideration of woman's part in American history must include the protracted struggle of the sex for larger rights and opportunities, a story that in itself is one of the noblest chapters in the history of American democracy," he wrote in 1935.

Because of the male domination of history, and the lack of women writers, many events and people of the time were forgotten and received little or no recognition for their efforts.1 However, what if the situation was different? What if women historians did have the opportunity to be on par with their male counterparts? It is still questionable whether their writings would have had any impact on what was occurring in society at that time.

It took until the 1960s when women were finally encouraged to become social historians. As Woloch notes in the preface of her book written in 1984, Women and American Experience "Over the past two decades, the study of women's history has been transformed from a cottage industry, ignored by most professional historians, into a thriving academic enterprise"2 (v).

The 1930s and the Depression, when Schlesinger made his statement, was a time that has been slanted by male historians. There were a number of women during this time impacted the social, economic and political happenings in the country, but who have not been covered in most history books.

For example, several women helped develop and lead the labor movement during this decade. In 1937, 23-year-old Myra Wolfgang conducted a sit-down strike of salesclerks and counter waitresses at one of the branches of the Woolworth's dime stores in Detroit, Michigan. The main Woolworth's was already on strike, and the Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees Union was saying they were going to do the same at all 40 stores. In the 1940s and 1950s, Wolfgang ran the union's Detroit Joint Council, which bargained contracts for a majority of the cooks, bartenders, food servers, dishwashers, and maids in the city's downtown hotels and restaurants. She was nicknamed the "battling belle of Detroit" by the local media3 (Cobble 3).

Cobble calls women in the unions like Wolfgang "labor feminists." She says, "I consider them 'feminists' because they recognized that women suffer disadvantages due to their sex and because they sought to eliminate sex-based disadvantages. I call them 'labor feminists' because they articulated a particular variant of feminism that put the needs of working-class women at its core and because they championed the…… [read more]


Gothic Feminism in Wollstoncraft and Austen Mary Term Paper

Term Paper  |  14 pages (5,296 words)
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Gothic Feminism in Wollstoncraft and Austen

Mary Wollstonecraft was one of the earliest British activists for feminism, and is well-known and beloved among feminists for her passionate arguments against the patriarchal enslavement of women and their difficult position in her contemporary society. She was certainly not the first writer to point to social harm in society and the plight of… [read more]


Feminism After Reading Three Articles Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (383 words)
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Any group looking to increase their political presence should offer solutions, not complaints.

The third article, however, demonstrates the importance of including a feminist perspective both in world treaties and in other political discussions. It deals with human trafficking, which in 2005 frequently victimizes women and children. The report is balanced and includes boys forced to be soldiers and children in sweat shops. With such a balanced approach, the feminist movement's attention on it becomes vital and important. After looking at all three articles, I am struck by how three-dimensional feminist issues really are. The feminist movement can shine a new light on issues of importance to all.

SOURCES

Author not given. "Issue in Focus: Human Trafficking, in Global Feminism. Accessed via the Internet 11/9/05. http://www.feministcampus.org/know/global/issue.asp?issue=Human%20Trafficking

Author not given. "The Women's Treaty: CEDAW," in Global Feminism. Accessed via the Internet 11/9/05. http://www.feministcampus.org/know/global/issue.asp?issue=CEDAW

Reyes, Sororro. "Issue in Focus: Political Participation," in Global Feminism. Accessed via the Internet 11/9/05. http://www.feministcampus.org/know/global/issue.asp?issue=Political%20Participation… [read more]


Women and Their Role During the Mexican Revolution Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,085 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

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Women in the Mexican Revolution

The Mexican Revolution from 1910 to 1920 marks a time of extreme social and political change in the country. As such, the event is not only significant in terms of history, but also in the lives of ordinary Mexicans. This is especially true in terms of heroism, intellectualism, support, and how these manifested themselves in… [read more]


Historical Social Movement Abolition and Woman Suffrage Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (816 words)
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¶ … Social Movement -Abolition & Woman Suffage

Abolition Questions:

Stewart and Truth both managed to instill intense feelings in their audiences primarily because of their courage and because they were well-acquainted with the fact that they needed to have people emotionally involved in their stories in order to be listened properly. These women provided audiences with unquestionable arguments and made it possible for people to understand that things were going to change in the future.

By claiming that "white men will be in a fix pretty soon" (Truth 26), Truth demonstrated that she was well-acquainted with the fact that reform was around the corner. Similarly, Stewart emphasizes that suffering does not happen in vain and that future communities are going to learn from all of the pain that her people experienced (Stewart 3).

Truth was a wonderful orator and this is perfectly exemplified at the point when she relates to Christ's background with the purpose of amusing the audience. Her talent makes it possible for people to agree with her and to support her in spite of the fact that she criticizes notable individuals (Truth 26).

Douglass does not hesitate to introduce vivid imagery regarding the wrongness that he associated with the institution of slavery and makes it possible for people to understand that it is a corrupt concept. By combining humor with criticism he manages to send the overall right message concerning slavery and its injustice (Douglass 11).

3. The Campbell version of Truth's speech is more colorful as it presents how the audience reacts to the speaker's thinking. Campbell made it possible for readers to understand that the audience actually appreciated Truth and supported her words.

The other version of Truth speech is longer, but fails to portray an image concerning the atmosphere present as the woman expressed her thinking freely. Furthermore, this version accentuates the fact that Campbell speaks from the perspective of an African-American as if this was important when considering that the speech was mainly intended to criticize gender differences.

4. Frederick Douglass considered that the American people as a whole were wrong in celebrating the Fourth of July as long as they continued to accept slavery as an essential part of the country's traditions. By using the words 'you' and 'your' he wanted to highlight that African-Americans had no place in celebrating the day.

By claiming that "it is the birthday of your national independence, and of your political freedom" (Douglass…… [read more]


Interdisciplinary Studies Bis Academic Disciplines Communication and Women Research Paper

Research Paper  |  4 pages (1,557 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4

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Communications and Women's Studies

While academic scholarship shares a number of techniques and approaches, different disciplines, particularly in the social sciences, attempt to delineate answers to questions in sometimes divergent ways. For example, an anthropologist and a sociologist might study an indigenous tribal culture and ask many of the same questions. The anthropological approach, though, would likely focus on the… [read more]


Puritan Woman Puritan Women Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,178 words)
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She also lost her youngest child at six years of age, during her time in captivity (Rowlandson, 1682). Despite all the pain and suffering she endured, however, Rowlandson continued to write about her love for God and how she trusted Him through everything. She talks about the sovereignty of God and addresses "the faithfulness of his promises displayed" (Rowlandson, p. 7). That was an important and vital part of life for Puritan women, but they also had their husbands on which to rely for some parts of life. They could count on having a home to go to and children to care for, but they could also expect to be disciplined if they did not do things the way their husbands expected. This included marital relations, which were a "duty" of both men and women (Rowlandson, 1682). Rowlandson also said about her time in captivity "the Lord hereby would make us the more acknowledge His hand, and to see that our help is always in Him" (Rowlandson, p. 8).

Being a puritan woman proved, at times, to be an obstacle to personal expression within the Puritan community, because women were expected to play very defined roles that did not always coincide with the ability to truly express themselves openly (Coffey & Lim, 2008). If a woman had a serious problem with her husband and the way he was treating her, for example, she could not simply tell him off and/or threaten to divorce him. That was not acceptable. She had to keep her thoughts and feelings to herself, although it was possible to talk with other women if she trusted them to keep her confidence. Telling others about family problems had to be done very carefully if it was going to be done at all, because women were supposed to be submissive to their husbands and not disrespect them for any reason. Talking poorly about them could be seen as disrespectful, and that could lead to a woman being disciplined by her husband because of the way she was acting (Coffey & Lim, 2008).

Each and every Puritan woman was unique, but they were all the same in the way they were expected to act. They saw their husbands as gifts, and they wanted to please their husbands and be one with them (Coffey & Lim, 2008). The abuse that they sometimes took at the hands of the men they married was just a part of life for them, and it was generally accepted to treat women as second class because they were not seen as being equal to men in their capabilities or their intellect (Coffey & Lim, 2008). With that in mind, however, women did have a strong role in taking care of the family and ensuring that the children were raised properly when they were very young. As children got a bit older, the women were encouraged to back off from doting on them so that the children could grow up and become young adults who were… [read more]


Women and Unemployment Gender Identity Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,004 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

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Further, there is little evidence that professional women are opting out of their position to adopt more traditional roles as wives and mothers.

Essentially, the trend appears to be that younger women, middle-aged women, and even older women who are actively engaged in professional working environments are feeling ever more actualized and valued for their expertize. There is really no "opt-out revolution" of scads of women leaving professions to raise children, and even more important, there does not seem to be the socio-cultural bias that they should. Simply put, there are more professional women than ever before, there are more women executives than ever before, and some of the research trends in salary and wage gap, while true, are not necessarily indicative of all levels of cohorts or of 21st century trends. It is also important to note that most professional women, even those with young children, are working more than ever in their quest to balance a personal and professional life. The importance for women is that there is now a paradigm shift that says it is possible for "working women to successfully combine these roles [career and motherhood] by making great personal sacrifices, including curtailing their sleep, civic involvement, or leisure time" (Percheski, p. 513).

What is interesting, though, is that the women's employment levels tend to be constant in the 21st century, which means that any pre-existing wage or responsibility gap will remain. We must then ask, if this is the case, why are there so many media stories, and even academic notions, that the gender gap in the professions is still a tremendous problem of inequality?

There are a few reasons for this. First is the way that many professional women balance becoming a mother and their career? Many reduce their hours (full to part-time), or do not work every working day. Second is the overriding perception that since the 1960s were so long ago, all gender related inequalities in society would be solved and now absent. Instead, there is still proof that overall, "women's employment experiences still do not resemble those of men" (Percheski, p. 514). There are more women in professional jobs, but there may not be a drastic number of new professional jobs due to economic restraints. Thus, the real trend, rather than an opting-out cadre, is that women are even more persistent despite challenges (Percheski, p. 514). Keeping up the challenge is indeed a robust experience, but from the data, one not likely to change anytime soon.

REFERENCES

Baron-Cohen, Simon. (2003). The Essential Difference: The Truth about the Male and Female Brain. New York: Perseus.

Collinson, David and Jeff Hearn. (1994). Men, Women, and Organizations. Gender,

Work and Organization. 1(1): 2-22.

Percheski, C. (2008). Opting Out? Cohort Differences in Professional Women's Employment Rates from 1960 to 2005. American Sociological Review. 73 (3): 497-515. Retrieved from: http://www.soc.washington.edu/users/brines/percheski.pdf

Unger, R. (2004).…… [read more]


Awakening Mother-Women ( Adele Ratignolle) Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,355 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

SAMPLE TEXT:

Indeed, the only rest Edna's mother got from raising her daughters was when she died. Perhaps it is that example that teaches Edna how she could "elude" her children by committing suicide. It is important for readers to realize, however, that she does so in order to stay true to her own self, her own perceptions and impulses, which society demands she forsake for the sakes of her children and her domesticated role. Because Edna is too vibrant and effervescent to willingly renounce her true virtue, those things she believes in and that make life worth experiencing, her only option is to kill herself, completing the tragedy in this tale which virtually all women endure.

The lone example that Edna has for pursuing her new existence, that of following her dreams and her perceptions that inhabited her since her days of a child, is Mademoiselle Reisz. An accomplished pianist, Reisz encouraged Edna to explore her own artistry as a painter and to pursue the romantic feelings she has for Robert. These actions are diametrically opposed to the virtues of a mother that society imposes and that Adele upholds. The following description of Mrs. Reisz confirms as much. "She was a disagreeable little woman, no longer young, who had quarreled with almost everyone, owing to a temper that was self-assertive and a disposition to trample upon the rights of others" (Chopin). This description is the exact opposite of that in the aforementioned quotation describing Adele's aptitude for motherhood. Whereas the former is attractive Mrs. Reisz is described as not "young" -- which is a euphemism for unattractive. She is cantankerous, quarrelsome, and above all else, not a mother. With her sullen disposition that cares little for the needs of "others," Chopin's description of her suggests that she would not make a good mother. An yet, it was Mrs. Reisz's piano playing was the initial impetus for Edna's awakening, and she remains a faithful bridge between her and Robert during the latter's travels abroad. Yet she is everything that Adele is not, talented, ill-humored, and far from nurturing, which helps to complete the author's definition of what a good mother is -- which is virtually everything that Mrs. Reisz is not.

The true tragedy in this tale is not just the death of Edna, but the death of all women who willingly submit to the loss of their true selves. Chopin utilizes this tragedy to demonstrate the fact that what society perceives as a good mother is a woman who gives up everything for her family and children. Edna, who once told Adele she would give up everything for her children but her fundamental self, is unwilling to make this sacrifice so there is no other option for her due to societal pressures other than to kill herself. What is truly significant about this concept of motherhood and the level of sacrifice involved and the toll that it actually exerts on women is the fact that this perception has changed somewhat in… [read more]


Women in Management and the Glass Ceiling Has it Been Shattered Models and Best Practices Research Paper

Research Paper  |  10 pages (3,250 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7

SAMPLE TEXT:

Women in Management and the Glass Ceiling

In the last 20 years, women have shattered the glass ceiling that once kept them out of senior management positions in business, politics, and the military. In the current modern world, women have attained more career opportunities and legal rights than men have. Throughout the history of women, motherhood and wifehood was regarded… [read more]


Women's Suffrage in the 19th Century Term Paper

Term Paper  |  8 pages (2,561 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10

SAMPLE TEXT:

Women's Suffrage In The 19th Century

Although the right of women in the U.S. To vote for their preferred political candidates was finally guaranteed through an amendment to the constitution in 1920, the struggle to secure this right had begun much earlier than that. In this text, I concern myself with the plight of women's suffrage in the 19th century.… [read more]


Feminist Scholars Such as Cixous, Foss Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,605 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … feminist scholars such as Cixous, Foss and Griffin, Fraser, Anzaldua, and the authors of the essays in the hip hop feminism anthology, rethought rhetorical concepts?

Feminism is a concept that makes even those persons thought to be practicing it to feel uncomfortable. However, when it goes beyond academics, feminists are mistaken to Feminazis and defenders of political correctness.… [read more]


Religion in Cross-Cultural Perspectives Salime Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (691 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2

SAMPLE TEXT:

The concept of interdepedent trajectories suggest that The Islamist movement of feminism is much related as well as differs from the secular movement. The rationale was same but the inspiration was not religion. Zakia supports that both the Islamist and Secular feminist movements have succeeded somewhat in their objectives to achieve women rights of independence. She is of the view that there had been strong impact of both the Islamist and secular movements on each other. The trajectories for both the movements were different yet interdependent since the cause was same for which both the Islamists and seculars fought and that was to have their women their basic equal rights in the society and to stop the exploitation of women (Salime, 2011).

One Million Signature Campaign

The One Million Signature Campaign of 1992 organised the liberal feminists in Morocco to favor reforms in the cuntry particularly mudawwena. Zakia says that people from the world were activated to collect one million signatures in support of the idea. She says that rise of Islamist activists was a strong force that helped influence One Million Signature Campaign both Islamists and liberals assisted in highlighting women's issues in the country. The Liberal and Islamist movements were so closely taking part in compaign, says Zakia that liberal women repositoend themslvs like what did Islamist women and they took positions in each others' groups at decision-making positions.

Islamist Rally of 2000

In Islamist Mass Rally of 2000 the Islamist feminists showed their influence in Casablanca in response to secular feminist march in Rabat. The rally was interpretted conventionallyas march against feminism or women's rights, but basically opposed vested interests behind the secular feminist agenda.

References

Sadeghi, F., (2011), "By passing Islamism and Feminism: Women's Resistance and Rebellion in Post-revolutionary Iran', Retrieved from: http://remmm.revues.org/6936

Salime, Z., (2011), "New Texts Out Now: Zakia Salime, Between Feminism and Islam: Human

Rights and Sharia Law in Morocco" Retrieved from: http://www.jadaliyya.com/pages/index/3341/

Salime, Z., (2012). "A New Feminism? Gender Dynamics in Morocco's February 20th

Movement," Journal of International Women's Studies, 13(5),…… [read more]


Women or Women in Important Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,929 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

SAMPLE TEXT:

Here experiences do not inherently make her a figure of historical importance but the fact that she reports them 30 years later in this autobiographical text does provide us with considerable insight into a period of great historical importance.

Indeed, Ginzburg was only one of many millions of Russians who would be falsely accused of political dissent by the Stalin administration. Ginzburg's imprisonment in 1937 is an experience she would share with countless others over her 18 years in captivity. In her recounting of the ordeal, Ginzburg ultimately pulls back the veil on an experience that was devastatingly common during this tumultuous period in Russian history. The Stalinist purges remain one of the darkest moments in the history of a country saturated in historical darkness. As such, the autobiographically channeled work is more directly about the Russian civilian and political experiences that marked this time than it is about the woman at the center of the story. In fact, while gender always marks individual experiences in some way, the fact that Ginzburg is a woman seems to register with less importance than the fact of her political orientation. This tells us much about Stalinist Russia, which it may be said practices equal opportunity political oppression.

Ginzburg's encounters with Stalinist officials are especially revealing of an increasingly insane world around her. This world is truly the central subject of the text. In one such exchange, for instance, she learns of the maniacally dishonest tactics used by Stalin's men to enforce this oppression. Ginzburg recalls an interrogator; "you realize, of course…that the regional committee has agreed to your arrest. Everything has come out. Elvov gave you away. That husband of yours, Aksyonov -- he's been arrested too, and he's come clean. He's a Trotskyist too, of course." (Ginzburg, 62) This is the moment when Ginzburg realizes that she's trapped in a distorted reality where her captors will say and do anything to justify her imprisonment.

For Ginzburg, just as for Marsh and Caillaux before her, the events of history and politick have had a defining impact on her life. In turn, her life becomes a constructive window through which to understand these historical events. Ironically, in this broader discussion about gender, the fact that each of these characters happens to be a woman is less important than the historical time and place that each stands to represent.

Works Cited:

Berenson, E. (1993). The Trial of Madam Caillaux. University of California Press.

Colley, L. (2007). The Ordeal of Elizabeth Marsh: A Woman in World History. Pantheon.…… [read more]


Women's History and Policy Opinion Piece Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,253 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Women's History And Policy Opinion Piece

Historically, the political arena has been a stronghold of the masculine gender. The representation of the feminine gender has been equivalent to extremely minor or even non-existent in many countries and cultures of the world till date. According to statistics, on an average, women make part of less than 15% of the political setup of a country. Such situations question the will and urge of women to act towards a progressive political environment by taking part in the political arena. However, the trend has been on the change as many women are becoming a part of the political arena in a bid to counter the issue of minor representation in the current century and to create a statement that women can be equivalent in standing strong and representing their countries and nations.

Women in Politics in the Nineteenth Century

However, the representation of women in the political arena in the nineteenth century was almost equal to zero. Several women in the United States of America and the United Kingdom remained in high offices and political statures, but they were there due to their men possessing high political offices. Women rights were limited during those times, and similar to many other issues, women did not have the power to vote. This was highly due to the common belief in the society that women were best suited and primarily had to govern the domestic issues of their home and family. Such perception resulted in support for gender inequality in the society, and thus, in the political environment as well.

According to historical statistics, the mid-nineteenth century politics were considered more masculine as compared to the later periods. This was highly influenced by the fact that in America, the constitution restricted voting to only men in a change in the 1830s. This led to movements carried on by women to ensure. This act prevented direct involvement of women in politics through the system of voting. The gender disparity gap amongst the people had widened immensely. To counter this issue, the women in America began to get more involved in campaigns that advocated the rights of women to vote based on the equality of genders and signing off petitions to support their voices and claims. Women were neither allowed to hold any public office, even at the lowest levels. This changed when the Municipal Franchise Act was passed in 1869, which allowed them to hold office at local levels.

The women began to use the method of petitioning to the parliament to extract support for their goals and targets in the political arena. Since they started, these petitions grew more and more and many supporters signed the petitions in favor of the women. These petitions initially began to support the political perspectives of women in the society but eventually led to the petitions that were presented in the parliament to ask for the rights of women to vote on the parliamentary level. Although the involvement was not direct,… [read more]


Women and Health Agenda Essay

Essay  |  12 pages (3,977 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

These are demographic structures, patterns of disease and risk factors. Lower mortality rates among children below the age of five years and declining fertility rates characterizes the demographic transition. The outcome is an ageing populace. There is a decrease in the aver-age number of children borne by each woman in global perspective, from 4.3 during the early 1990s to 2.6… [read more]


Media Misrepresent Women? Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (977 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

SAMPLE TEXT:

In essence, women end up seeing themselves as mere sex objects. In some other instances, a woman's ego and self-esteem can be negatively affected.

Misrepresentation of women in the media has many negative effects. Key amongst these is the resulting real world misconception of women. To rein in the said misrepresentation, we must all be prepared to make the relevant changes in areas that matter. On this front, people could start by boycotting all the publications and other media products that in one way or the other objectify women and instead patronize those that do not. Klenke on the other hand recommends that women reject jobs that degrade them (126). Further, it pays to put more women in charge. In my opinion, should more women be allowed to "pilot the plane," significant gains could be realized. Allowing women to run the media would be a step in the right direction as it would allow them to tell their story. Other than focus on the often flawed concept of a "perfect" and "ideal" woman, the media should instead focus on the positive attributes of the modern woman. This way, it could help in the creation of appropriate role models for today's youth.

The media plays a significant role in the creation of consciousness. Further, it is a powerful persuasive force especially with regard to the shaping of our cultural norms. What gets put out there is of great importance as far as the progress of women in today's society is concerned. In the final analysis therefore, we should all play a prominent role in the presentation of an accurate message about women.

Is Social Media Changing the Methods of Advertising?

The social media has made it possible for businesses and advertisers alike to embrace alternative methods to traditional advertising. Unlike was the case three or four years ago, businesses are increasingly embracing various social media platforms including but not limited to Twitter, Facebook, and MySpace in an attempt to reach out to their customers. According to Lester, digital media is not only cost effective but also easily used (116). For this reason, Lester observes that "commercials, videos, podcasts, and multimedia messaging can be filmed, edited, and broadcast, within the time frame of an advertising course" (116). In addition to being used for awareness purposes, the social media is also being used by companies as a way of tracking people's opinions with regard to the products they offer for sale. Companies have also come to the realization that they can reach out to certain demographics easily via the social media. Unlike is the case with traditional advertising, social media has made advertising even more focused.

Works Cited

Carilli, Theresa, and Campbell, Jane, Eds. Women and the Media: Diverse Perspectives. University Press of America, 2005. Print.

Klenke, Karin. Women in Leadership: Contextual Dynamics and Boundaries. Emerald Group Publishing, 2011. Print.

Lester, Deborah. "Social Media: Changing Advertising Education." Online Journal of Communication…… [read more]


Movie Script About Feminism in High School Creative Writing

Creative Writing  |  2 pages (644 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

Feminism in High School

Fade in:

Int. Cafeteria -- Lunch time

In a bustling cafeteria full of teenaged students most are more focused on texting and talking than on eating their meals. The center of activity is the middle table where the stereotypical jocks and cheerleaders hold court over the rest of the school.

JONAH, seventeen-year-old typical high school boy who does not belong to the in crowd, nor is he classified as "nerd" or other outsider. He is a nonentity at his school and sits with similar nonentities while they poke at their food and talk about nothing in particular.

JONAH

Every single day of my life, as far back as I can remember I have had to witness things which I do not agree with. But that's life right?

You sit back and watch. Before that fateful April day I had just let them go. it's not your business I said to myself. Maybe if I had done that. I look back torn between applauding my audacity and wanting to punch myself in the face or scream, like in a horror movie when the audience hollers at the blonde soon-to-be victim to get out of the house.

A girl, AMANDA, walks past. She is not beautiful in the traditional sense of the word but has a face full of character which makes her ultimately more attractive. She does not dress in the manner characteristic of modern teenage girls although she is well-developed, something she tries to hide by her clothing choices. She is shy, reserved, and tries her best not to be seen by anyone.

As AMANDA walks past, a foot is stuck out from the side of one of the cafeteria tables, knocking her down. As she attempts to recover, MARCUS, a typical high school jock with perfect features only equaled by his arrogance, grabs her wrist and yanks her to him so that her face is close to…… [read more]


Willa Cather's O Pioneers and the Frontier Female Roles Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (870 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 2

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … woman who has the qualities and merits that enable her to break the fence of gender roles in her society. This woman is a character from a novel, but she exemplifies all the groundbreaking steps that women took in the late nineteenth century, in order to pave the way for suffrage and women's equality. It is important to study the framework of women during this time in American history, because it helps to illuminate the patterns that constructed the first real human rights movement for gender equality, which had express, expedient, and unequivocal political goals. Furthermore, this analysis reveals the specific ways that historical context and social milieu converge, as the character under analysis was a lone female pioneer in the American West. This context offers unique social, economic, and political considerations. There were indeed changes taking place in the broader patriarchal culture that enabled women like this to succeed and become role models for women in future generations to emulate and aspire to becoming in other social and political contexts. The woman in question is Alexandra Bergson, the Swedish-American protagonist of Willa Cather's novel O Pioneer!

Although women of the 19th century American West enjoyed a considerable amount of human rights like the rights of inheriting lands, working in some jobs, such as teaching and nursing, they faced many challenges and problems that spoiled their enjoyment of these limited rights. Women in the nineteenth century American West were described in many historical and literary contexts as being secondary and marginal. The traditional roles of women in the American West society at that time viewed woman as being nurturer, wives and sometimes prostitutes. In other words, woman, as far as most of the frontier literary and historical contexts can tell, is "an object," a spoil of war or the warriors' "fame." Woman is something that helps or prevents the adventurer but she is not the adventurer herself (Quawas).

In fact, gender played critical role in the determination of roles or role allocation in the context of the American West society. Women's roles and gender differentiation stand "at the crossroads of history," and relate to "eternal philosophical questions of mind-body duality, nature vs. civilization, and private-public equilibrium," (Fraisse 48). It is ideal to note that roles were executed in relation to one's gender. There were roles specifically for men and women in the society because of their gender differences. Women focused on the execution of home roles such as household chores, child bearing, rearing, making meals, taking care of the husband, and enhancing the image and reputation of the family and home. Men in…… [read more]


Women in the Ancient World Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,319 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

She also defended her inheritance and her sister's inheritance when her parents' will was challenged in court: her husband praises her for this, because by her actions she not only protected herself and her sister, but also the husband whom she had not even formally married at that point.

The woman described in the eulogy does seem extraordinary -- although an orphan, she took care of her husband's mother as if she was her own. She is praised for her fidelity, obedience, rationality, modesty, piety, and even her wool-making skills over the forty-year marriage. The husband notes that divorce is common, but he says that he wishes he had died first, given how virtuous his wife was and how much he loved her. His list of her virtues show what was valued in women by Roman society, although her actions suggest a character as strong and determined as any man, in terms of how she fought for her rights and the rights of her family. Her husband was forced to flee Rome at one point, and she provided for him financially and publically begged for his life, at tremendous risk to herself. Her husband is well aware of the fact that he owes his life to her. The eulogy is moving and clearly shows a couple which was loving towards one another -- but it also shows how, even though women were denied the same active role in public life as men, that they were capable of acts of genuine heroism.

Of course, it should be noted that, despite the traditional constructs Medea, Lysistrata and the unnamed Roman wife embody, these are still complex portraits of women. Even her detractors admit that Medea is more sinned against than sinning as a wife. Despite her rampant sexuality and desire for her husband to return to the bedroom permanently, Lysistrata makes an informed and intelligent critique of the reasons for the civil war. The Roman wife sustained her husband in his hour of direst need and showed a level of intelligence and loyalty in economic and political affairs that surpassed most men. Even when women are stereotyped in terms of the roles that they play, there is still complexity.

Christine de Pizan's The City of Ladies functions as a direct reply to both misogynistic and limited conceptions of what women can attain. Her allegorical book shows the author being schooled by 'Lady Reason' and 'Lady Rectitude' and 'Lady Justice' of the great feats of intelligence, loyalty, and virtue that can be embodied by women. While admittedly, the character of Christine does accept to some degree the terms men have set for female virtue in her celebration of chastity as one of the virtues (many of the women she praises are saints and martyrs), she also makes a compelling argument for female equality in education. Fundamentally, Lady Reason argues that human beings were made in God's image, not man alone, and that women can embody godlike spiritual qualities as men just as women… [read more]


Feminist Rhetorical Theory. Women Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,656 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

By communicating the similarities between real live women but at the same time denouncing the stereotypes of what society says a woman should be, the females of the world may yet achieve equality. In the present historical moment, women have achieved a level of equality which had been unknown to members of the sex in the past. There are women presidents in certain countries, women in charge of large corporations, women in every industry and field. However, some feminist rhetorical theorists state that women have still not achieved a position of social equality with their male counterparts and this is evident by examining the artifacts of our culture (Foss 3-4). The focus should now be upon the means which are necessary to achieve equality and the rhetoric which is involved in the incitement of feminist action.

One limitation which can be perceived in feminist rhetorical theory is that to discuss it, a person must believe in its validity. It demands that a person accept that the minimization of women historically is factual. They must also admit that it is still present in the modern era even if evidence to the contrary suggests that there is now gender equality. Whereas some other theories might have a bit more room for opinion, this particular theory demands that the basic tenets be accepted.

Part III: Conclusion

Feminist rhetorical theory was controversial when it was first broached because people either did not want to believe that women were an oppressed group or they did see this but did not believe there was anything wrong with women being marginalized. It seems that the words that are used to describe women, either by the oppressive patriarchy or by women themselves are the key in either achieving gender equality or in continuing the system of oppression which has been the reality up to this point.

Works Cited

Cixous, H., Cohen, K, & Cohen, P. (1976). The laugh of the Medusa. Signs. 1(4). The University

of Chicago Press: Chicago, IL. 875-93.

Foss, S. & Griffin, C. (2003). Beyond persuasion: a…… [read more]


Last Frontier Is Comedy the Last Frontier of Sexism Feminism Research Paper

Research Paper  |  2 pages (778 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Frontier: Is Comedy the Last Frontier of Sexism/Feminism?

Humor: The last frontier of sexism?

A woman has served as Secretary of State -- but can women be funny? It might seem that women have broken down virtually every barrier that exists in the workforce. The idea of allowing women to serve on the front lines of combat is now being debated as a very serious question in the public discourse. But the old question remains: can women be funny? Of course, women have frequently served as the object of humor, such as the zany Lucy in I Love Lucy or the fat old nurse in Romeo and Juliet. But the question of whether women themselves can be the orchestrators of humor is still debated.

In 2007, the British pundit Christopher Hitchens wrote an article for Vanity Fair entitled. "Why Women Aren't Funny." "Precisely because humor is a sign of intelligence (and many women believe, or were taught by their mothers, that they become threatening to men if they appear too bright), it could be that in some way men do not want women to be funny. They want them as an audience, not as rivals."[footnoteRef:1] Humor, in other words, is a male wooing tool, and men feel uncomfortable if women seem to master humor, much the way in which some men feel unsettled when they meet a woman who can change a tire on a car. [1: Christopher Hitchens, "Why women aren't funny," Vanity Fair, January 2007, Available: http://www.vanityfair.com/culture/features/2007/01/hitchens200701 [19 Apr 2013]]

Of course, those who would protest Hitchens' analysis would note that many extremely frank female comedians now have laudable careers. The Korean-American comedian Margaret Cho, for example, is well-known for her uncensored, tell-it-like-it-is style. Cho frequently makes fun of homophobia, fat phobia, and her parents.[footnoteRef:2] Cho is not an object of humor: her humor lies in the fact that she turns the stereotypes of modern society around that could hurt her into weapons. Another comedian, Lisa Lampanelli, is well-known for being the queen of insults, and is unafraid to make politically incorrect jokes when on the stage. However, these comedians could be seen as 'proving' Hitchens' points as much as circumventing them, because both of them are comfortably outside the conventional stereotypes of femininity. Margaret Cho is Asian; Lampanelli is overweight. So long as women…… [read more]


Women and Islam Do Muslim Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (1,693 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6

SAMPLE TEXT:

S. government in specific, and governments world over use media representation to their own political benefits as opposed to the benefit of those being imaged as oppressed in the representation. This also indicates that media misrepresentation and use of these images, visual and textual, by governments is widespread.

Findings of the article

The article concludes by observing that the author is a native observant and can effectively narrate and relate to the image of Fatana that has been misrepresented by Armstrong (1997). The author concludes that since Fatana and Naima are very limited in their political empowerment but the popular representation of Muslim women in the media and work of theorists pushes Fatana, Naima, and the likes of the author into a reactive-defense of an identity that these subjects of representation would not have defended or owned in their home countries such as Afghanistan and Pakistan. In fact, the author remarks that neither does she agree with representation of her and Fatana and Naima's identity as portrayed neither in their home countries nor in the countries of their exile.

Strengths and weaknesses

The article is methodologically much stronger as compared to the previous article. It adopts a framework in which interviews of one refugee girl called Naima and the Afghan girl Fatana are taken as to dissect the representation of their image by the interviewer. The article is also based on the methodology adopted by Joan Scott's (1992) work in which historical aspect is deemed necessary to draw a narrative about identity.

The weakness of article is related the non-empirical method used by the researcher. No statistical tool was used to validate the findings of the article and only construction of arguments was relied upon for presentation of the case argument.

References

Abu-Lughod, L. (2002). Do Muslim women really need saving? Anthropological reflections on cultural relativism and its others. American Anthropologist, 104(3), 783-790.

Armstrong, S. (1997). "Veiled threat." Homemaker's, 16-29.

Hesford, W.S., & Kozol, W. (Eds.). (2005). Just advocacy? Women's human rights, transnational feminisms, and the politics of representation. Rutgers University Press.

Khan, S. (2001). Between here and there: feminist solidarity and Afghan women. Genders, 33, 1-26.

Scott, J. (1992)."Experience." In Joan Scott & Judith Butler (Eds.), Feminists theorize the political. NY: Routledge. 22-40.

Shepherd, L.J. (2006). Veiled references: Constructions of gender in the Bush administration discourse on…… [read more]


Byaccapad ) "When White Women Cry Article Critique

Article Critique  |  5 pages (1,550 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … byAccapad (2007) "When White Women Cry: How White Women's Tears Oppress Women of Color." The analysis is conducted by a careful review of the article and the study of Privileged Identity Exploration (PIE) model. Since PIE model is used to interpret the case that has been presented in the article, it was appropriate to understand the model in… [read more]


Role of Womens Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,333 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4

SAMPLE TEXT:

No dear. It was an ordeal. I applied in 30 medical schools one after the other and 29 rejected me for admission.

Florence: (Surprised) oh really?

Elizabeth: Yess. Only Geneva Medical School allowed me to get admission in 1847. But there were all boys in the class. The teachers were males too. They often did not let me attend the medical demonstration but, anyhow, time passed. I graduated with flying marks and stood first in my class. By the way, you tell, how are you going with your cause?

Florence: Hmm. (smiled). I also regard the support from my father. You know what, he is a landowner but actively involved in anti-slavery movement. I feel for people a lot. There is so much categorization and discrimination in the society. I have seen my father fight against all these things and I am also determined to exalt nursing form a low class profession to an esteemed field.

Elizabeth: Did your father allowed you to become a nurse? I mean you belong to a wealthy family. It is really difficult to ignore the status and join a low esteemed profession.

Florence: (smiled). It was after meeting you when I decided that I would not give up and try again. You know, when I met you for the first time, I had interest in medicine but had no idea what to do. My father did not allow me to join nursing and I was just depressed what to do. But then, yes, following your advice of consistent effort, I persuaded him to allow me to enter nursing.

Elizabeth: Nice… so how are you doing these days? Have you joined some hospital or what?

Florence: I am more towards nursing administration now, travelling to various parts to help the people. I have trained team of nurses and we all move to the areas where epidemic diseases like malaria and cholera break up.

Elizabeth: oh yes, I know & #8230;. You went to Crimea war as well. Perhaps this was the event which made you National Heroine; an inspiration for thousand of ladies of present society. (smiled)

Florence: (smiled too), Yes. I was feeling much for the soldiers who get injured at battlefield and no treatment is available to them. So I and my team volunteered to go there and looked after them. I found another female, Mary Seacole, who was looking after the patients quite close to battlefield. (pause then smile) It seems women are capable of doing many things and they are doing as well.

Elizabeth: Yes. Females can do many things. I feel that particularly in this 19th century, they should strive to unleash their potential to the maximum extent and play their role in the social development as well.

Florence: You are right. Women should realize their responsibilities as members of society and contribute in its betterment as well. The encouragement is rooted in accomplishment. We should not be afraid of challenges. If we start striving now, the next generation woman… [read more]


Women and Men Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,609 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10

SAMPLE TEXT:

G. And Pennington B., 2004).

The success of the process of development to be a woman or man determines what society refers one as -- a woman or a man. According to (Darwin C., 1859) the process of development is clear to show that the making part of it is through cohesive action of the agent of socialization. These agents despite having a little effect of the final outcome influence the decision taken once "self" is recognized (Bessant J. And Watts R., 2007).

I agree that women and men are made since the society plays a critical role in helping on to recognize self. It is also clear to see that the self would be lost should the development process be shunned. Self-worth of an individual lacks and, this will impact negatively on what one eventually becomes.

References

ANDOLINA M.W., JENKINS K., ZUKIN C. & KEETER, S. 2003. Habits from Home, Lessons from School: Influences on Youth Civic Engagement. PS: Political Science and Politics, 36, 275-280.

BECK-GERNSHEIM E. 1998. On the Way to a Post-Familial Family: From a Community of Need to Elective Affinities. Theory, Culture & Society, 15, 53-70.

BENNER D.G. & PENNINGTON B. 2004. The Gift of Being Yourself: The Sacred Call to Self-Discovery, InterVarsity Press.

BESSANT J. & WATTS R. 2007. Sociology Australia 3rd edition, Australia, Allen & Unwin.

DARWIN C. 1859. The Origin of Species, New York, Modern Library.

FRANK L.K. 1948. What Families Do for the Nation. American Journal of Sociology, 53, 471-473.

GOTTLIEB G. 2000. "Environmental and behavioural influences on gene activity.." Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9, 93-97.

MEAD G.H. 1934. The Self: Classical Sociology Theory, Massachusetts, Malden Mass; Blackwell.

SIGELMAN C.K. & RIDER E.A. 2006. Life-Span Human Development, Belmont, Wadsworth Cengage Learning., California,…… [read more]


Sociology of Women Family Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,406 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

A fat woman would be highly criticized for her plump figure whereas a man would not be ridiculed quite as much.

This is another assertion of the patriarchal society that we have come to live in. Women in our society are programmed to look a certain way and be extra careful about their weight and their looks. The fear of… [read more]


Canadian Feminism Expression, Action, Rebellion Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  12 pages (3,638 words)
Bibliography Sources: 12

SAMPLE TEXT:

Others argue that Canadian feminist media is effective and there is a lot more evidence of it now than in previous decades. The research would seek questions to this answers, further elucidated the validity of the sides of the debate regarding the presence, efficacy, and use of Canadian feminist media regarding representation and expression of political intentions.

Tuer's methodology of… [read more]


Europe Women's Suffrage Most Countries Research Paper

Research Paper  |  10 pages (3,056 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7

SAMPLE TEXT:

Austria had only a small-scale campaign for women's suffrage in the 19th Century, and women were allowed only very limited participation in local and municipal elections, though male proxies.[footnoteRef:5] [5: Brigitta Bader-Zaar, "Women in Austrian Politics, 1890-1934" in David F. Good et al. (eds). Austrian Politics in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives (Berghahn Books, 1996), p. 62.]

In… [read more]


Post-Feminist Society Contemporary Feminist Advocacy Essay

Essay  |  6 pages (1,979 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6

SAMPLE TEXT:

Indeed, a 20-year-old college student interviewed by USA Today stated that it is "unattractive" for a woman to talk about feminism and will earn her a reputation of being "pushy, problematic or troublesome" (Goudreau, 2011).

The one thing that has not changed in the intervening years since the political became personal is that some women participate in organizations, while others focus on having conversations and not talking points. A substantial amount of the activism of young feminists occurs online. That said, formal organizations for younger feminists are cropping up. The Feminist Majority Foundation (FMF) and the Feminist Majority Foundation Alliance (FMFA) utilize a university campus venue to inform young feminists about women's rights issues. The focus of FMF is very much grassroots, but the group organizes at the national and global levels, too. Using a study to action platform, the campus programs of FMF work to provide opportunities for students to learn broaden their understanding of feminist issues, deepen their capacity for community organization and leadership, and meaningfully connect with the larger feminist and pro-choice movements.

Conclusion

As far back in time as 1966, the National Organization of Women (NOW) officially recognized the impact that media has on the lives of women, fighting for media justice for women by creating The Media Hall of Shame. The 2008 presidential elections brought attention to media misogyny at heightened levels. Women like Hillary Clinton, Sarah Palin, and Michelle Obama have been targets of extraordinarily blatant sexist and racist attacks, the likes of which American hasn't seen since the days when civil rights marchers filled the streets. Historically, women who are in the public eye -- and public office -- or their families have been fodder for gender-based slurs and victims of the double standard. For example, Chelsea Clinton was referred to as the "dog" of the White House by Rush Limbaugh when she was just 13 years old. All women and girls are stereotyped and demeaned when the media steps over the line in this manner.

References

Coffey, L.T. (2011, October 11). Girl Project' reveals what teens are really thinking. Today People. Retrieved http://today.msnbc.msn.com/id/44846267/ns/today-today_people/t/girl-project-reveals-what-teens-are-really-thinking/

Dow, B.J. (2003). Feminism, Miss America, and media mythology. Rhetoric & Public Affairs, 6 (1), 127 -- 150.

Faludi, Susan, Backlash: The Undeclared War Against American Women (Three Rivers Press, 2006)

Feminist Majority Foundation, Choices Campus Leadership Program. (2011). Retrieved http://feministcampus.org/default.asp

Goldberg, S. (2012, January 27). Mean girls: Fighting on reality TV. Retrieved http://www.cnn.com/2012/01/27/showbiz/tv/reality-tv-catfights/index.html

Goudreau, J. (2011, December 12). Who's Afraid of Post-Feminism? What It Means To Be A Feminist Today. Forbes. Retrieved http://www.forbes.com/sites/jennagoudreau/

2011/12/13/afraid-of-post-feminism-means-feminist-today-gloria-steinem-jane-fonda-ursula-burns/

McRobbie, A. (2004). Post-feminism and popular culture. Feminist Media Studies, 4 (3), 255 -- 264.

National Organization of Women…… [read more]


Treatment of Women in Mad Essay

Essay  |  15 pages (4,749 words)
Bibliography Sources: 15

SAMPLE TEXT:

A lot of feelings are unspoken, so that's kind of been fun to play with" (Hardy). A high concept film is not played largely "in the eyes" of a character. The fact that negotiations -- very public negotiations -- for a third season of Mad Men did not begin until the second season had concluded is telling. The threshold for… [read more]


Women's Roles the Changing Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,609 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5

SAMPLE TEXT:

Therefore, there is a dire need to address this issue responsibly whereby the first step is to implement the written laws which promise a higher status of women. To achieve this, the world needs a fair and an accountable law enforcing body which not only entertains female participation in different realms of life but also take the responsibility of the security and fair and equal treatment of women in these facets of life. Such steps along with several other changes would then play an important role in combating the existent sexism in the world.

REFERENCES

Chakrapani C. 1994. Changing status and role of women in Indian society. M.D. Publications. Retrieved 8th December, 2011 (http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=UuYHDRCdKQkC&dq=changed+role+of+women&source=gbs_navlinks_s).

EOWA statistics. 2011. Labor Market Statistics. Australia.

Freedman J. 2001. Feminism. Buckingham. Philadelphia. Open University Press.

Jones, Karen H. 2006. "Career Aspirations of Women in the 20th Century." Journal of Career and Technical Education 22 (2). Retrieved 7th December, 2011 (http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JCTE/v22n2/pdf/domenico.pdf).

Kambouri H. 2008. Feminine Jobs/Masculine Becomings: Gender and Identity in the Discourse of Albanian Domestic Workers in Greece. European Journal of Women's Studies 15 (7-22). Retrieved 7th December, 2011 (http://ejw.sagepub.com/content/15/1/7.abstract).

Marchese E. 2008. No Women Allowed: Exclusion and Accountability in Men's Anti-Rape Group. Journal of International Women's Studies 9 (2). Retrieved 7th December, 2011 (http://www.bridgew.edu/soas/jiws/Mar08/Marchese.pdf).

OECD Labor Force Statistic. 2002. Gender and Labor Market Participation. OECD Quarterly labour Force Statistics 2002 (1). Retrieved 7th December, 2011 (http://www.kent.ac.uk/wramsoc/workingpapers/firstyearreports/backgroundreports/changesintheroleofwomenbackgroundreport.pdf).

Thomas A. 2009. Views of Intimate Partner Violence in Same- and Opposite-Sex Relationships. Journal of Marriage and Family 71(2). Retrieved on 8th December, 2011 (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2009.00602.x/abstract).

United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women. 2011. Progress of the world's women. Sustainable Forestry Initiative. USA.… [read more]


Cyber Feminism, Gender and Technology Research Paper

Research Paper  |  18 pages (5,587 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10

SAMPLE TEXT:

From their perspective, technology such as the internet can be used as a medium to promote feminist philosophy and principles in order to liberate women from subjugation they experience at the hands of males. Sadie Plant wrote Zeroes+Ones in the year 1997 and asserted that cyberfeminism is a philosophy used to describe the seditious bond between females and technology[footnoteRef:18]. Furthermore… [read more]


Saudi Women's Role in Respect Interview

Interview  |  9 pages (2,610 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

Furthermore, the radical transformations and sacrifices required to transcend this contradiction are either undesirable or unbearable." (2004)

The work of Moghadam (2003) reports that the Muslim society holds that women are "different beings - different often meaning inferior in legal status and rights -- which strengthens social barriers to women's achievement. In the realm of education and employment, not only… [read more]


Deductive and Inductive Theory Construction Creative Writing

Creative Writing  |  4 pages (1,060 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

Communities in the West have practically been forced to accept women as being equal and to develop a series of laws that prevented women from being discriminated. Feminists in the Western world today are often perceived as being extremists, but many are simply concerned about bringing reform by having society as a whole acknowledge the numerous cases of discrimination occurring throughout the world.

4. Proposition

Cultural values are essential in influencing individuals in certain Middle Eastern countries to believe that women are inferior.

Hypothesis

The idea of patriarchy in particular is responsible for having members belonging to these respective communities express little to no criticism with regard to the current condition of their society.

5. The concept of patriarchy is the independent variable and the effect that this ideology has on the masses is the dependent variable.

INDUCTIVE LOGIC AND THEORY BUILDING

1. Students prefer male instructors over female instructors

2. The fact that society has promoted patriarchal attitudes up until recent years (to a certain degree it still does) influenced the masses to have the impression that it would only be natural for them to express greater appreciation toward male figures on account of how they are better prepared to lead. Some students are probable to prefer male instructors to female instructors because the former put across a more authoritarian feeling and thus make them consider that they are acting in agreement with society's patriarchal system.

Women are often regarded as being less likely to succeed in comparison to men and this influences some students to believe that it would be essential for them to have a male instructor instead of a female instructor. A woman working as an instructor would presumably be less likely to induce strong feelings in her students and this would thus make it more difficult for the respective individuals to be able to succeed in their field of work. When considering the fact that some of history's greatest instructors have been men, it seems natural for many individuals today to want a male figure in their lives, as this would presumably assist them greatly in perfecting their abilities.

Women are frequently associated with mood swings and with being unable to get control over a situation at times. This is certainly a result of stereotypes coming into play and shaping people's thinking with regard to women. Even with this, many students have the tendency to believe that having a female instructor would mean that they would be risk being provided with poorer instructions at times, thus meaning that having a female instructor would basically damage their ability to accumulate information effectively.

3. Stereotypes are largely responsible for the fact that students are sometimes hesitant about accepting the idea of having a female instructor. The fact that society is yet to have abandoned ideas associated with gender roles makes it difficult for some to understand that many stereotypes are unfounded. Living one's life based on stereotypes is likely to lead to the respective individual being narrow-minded… [read more]


Education of Women Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,434 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4

SAMPLE TEXT:

Early researchers concur that women belonged indoors as they were obliged to tend to children and watch servants. This further adds evidence to the conforming stereotypes put on women in the Renaissance period as seen from Juan Luis Vives example (Bell 187).

To present any form of inappropriate characteristics, women would quickly put the offender to be ridiculed in public.… [read more]


Women Stay Abusive Relationships Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,106 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

SAMPLE TEXT:

This is to say that cases when women's belief is that their partners can change are usually subject to periodical abusiveness and periodical positive behaviors. When certain partners express guilt or feelings of sorry over their demeanor, female partners may be led into thinking that this is indeed true and that eventually the abusive behavior will stop. Rounsaville (1978) has indeed acknowledged that ?one feature that may weigh in favor of staying is the intermittent nature of the abuse… many (battered women) described highly pleasant periods of reconciliation between episodes. This pattern was conducive into thinking of it as an aberrant, exceptional part of the relationship. (as cited in Dutton & Painter, 1993, p. 108) And women thus continue to be abused because of their partner's lovable behavior outside the abusive episodes.

The amalgam of love, shame caused by alleged public perception, low self-esteem, fear of financial complications, and judiciary as well, the lack of outside support, etc. are obstinately joint to form the decision which, however unpleasant, apparently more secure for women, to remain within the limitations of an abusive relationship. It is not uncommon for women who have been financially dependent of their partners to fear they may not provide for their children. It is also likely that most women would abide by the idea that it is in their children's best interest to have a father. Likewise, women may fear for the children not to become seriously affected by a decision of separation or perhaps that the latter, age provided, would decide for custodial rights to be granted to their father. However, is has been widely admitted that ?violence not only causes physical injury, it also undermines the social, economic, psychological, spiritual, and emotional well being of the victim. […] These physical and mental outcomes have social and emotional sequelae for the individual, the family, the community, and the society at large. (Kaur & Garg, 2008, ?Domestic Violence and its Health Implications?) We understand thus that it is an unfortunate case each time women fail to end abusive relationships. Thus, the first step into doing so, would be for women to acknowledge the seriousness and the threatening conditions of the relationship. This is to say that the most important thing would be for women to become aware that they are indeed victims of an abusive behavior. In cases when women have developed extreme levels of insecurity, it is perhaps most important for them to receive genuine and relevant support, perhaps from professional organizations but also from their family members. Thus, the second important step is for women to consolidate their self-esteem and independency so they can improve the quality of life. Commitment to the self and perseverance are very important elements along the recovery process that permit one not to retrace similar steps in the future. Confidence is also imperious to proceed with recovering from abusive relationships.

Reference List

Dutton, D.G., & Painter, S. (1993). Emotional attachments in abusive relationships: A test of traumatic bounding theory. Violence… [read more]


Violence Against Women Essay

Essay  |  5 pages (1,605 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 9

SAMPLE TEXT:

There are many non-profit organizations that are working within the country for the rights of the Aboriginal women. The government is being called upon to intervene in the private sphere where these women are being victimized as much as they are being victimized in the public. Till now, there are no significant steps that have been taken by the government of Canada to help the Aboriginal women combat the challenges that they are faced with.

Conclusion

In this part of the paper, we shall focus on the question on which this paper has been based. Women have always been looked upon, since the beginning of times and irrespective of the location. However, many countries of the world have been successful in overcoming this grave issue of the society and the women have been giving the same status as their male counterparts, but there are yet some areas of the world where women are still being treated as objects and animals just because they are women. It would not be wrong to say that gender discrimination is the main cause of all the violence that women today and have always been subjected to (Maffly, 2009).

Bibliography:

Australian Human Rights Commission (2013).Sexual Harassment.

Cunningham, R (2000). "From great expectations to hard times-Managing equal opportunities under new public management." Public Administration.

Gerstenfeld, Phyllis B. (2013). Hate Crimes: Causes, Controls, and Controversies. Sage.

Human Rights Watch (1999).'Crime or Custom-Violence against Women in Pakistan, Report of Human Rights Watch 1999.

Maffly, Brian (2009). "BYU study links women's safety, nation's peace." The Salt Lake Tribune.

McCann, D. (2005). Sexual harassment at work: National and international responses. Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office.

Niaz, U (2003). Violence against women in South Asian countries. Arch Women's Ment Health; 6:173-84.

Statistics Canada. (2006). Measuring violence against women: Statistical trends…… [read more]


Courtship Good for Women? Term Paper

Term Paper  |  6 pages (2,174 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

SAMPLE TEXT:

In "Chaitivel," for example, a beautiful but indecisive but ultimately cruel woman 'leads on' several men, refusing to choose between any of them. Three of them die in a tournament, fighting for her honor, and one of them is rendered impotent, which, the man asserts, is the cruelest fate of all, because he must live knowing he can never make love to his lady. Ultimately, the tale ends with the woman deciding to compose a story about the event, underlining the female-centered nature of Marie's vision of courtly love and the woman's control of the romantic relationship, even after death.

While many of the lais are very female-friendly and even feminist in orientation, it should be noted that Marie's ideology about relations between the genders is not simplistic, and she is willing to show the cruelty of women as well as the cruelty of men. In the story of "Le Frense," for example, a woman carelessly slanders another woman who gives birth to twins -- when she herself gives birth to twins, she abandons the second child in shame. Through a series of events, the cast-off twin 'Le Frense' falls in love with a noble man who coincidentally is also being wooed by the girl's (unbeknownst to her) twin sister. At first, the mother tries to prevent the marriage but when she later discovers that her other twin daughter is her own, both the mother and the other twin relinquish the claim and Le Frense and the knight live happily ever after. It is true that in this story, women are a very active presence, versus being static representations of chastity, but there is also a disturbing theme of the extent to which women are willing to engage in violent behavior towards one another to secure the affections of a man. Even though Marie might have trumpeted the value of relationships in which women were in control, she still clearly expressed the worldview of a society in which a woman 'needed' to have a man to be fulfilled. Marie still endorses the idea that for women, love is the world in its entirety and women will sacrifice everything to secure those relationships, even their own children in some instances (although the mother is eventually redeemed).

Despite her focus on romance in the lives of women, Marie also asserts the importance of love in the lives of men very clearly. Nobility and fighting is not enough: men must also feel love for a woman and acknowledge their vulnerability of heart. This is seen in "Guigemar," quite explicitly and also in "Lanval" in which Lanval explicitly rejects the adulterous advances of Queen Guinevere because of his love for a fairy woman who sweeps him away to safety at the end of the story. Lanval's love for the woman clearly elevates him in purity above Guinevere and actually (temporarily) saves Camelot from an adulterous tryst of the more conventional nature of courtly love.

Thus, Marie's lais are somewhat ambiguous in terms of how… [read more]


Flapper Movement the Effect Essay

Essay  |  28 pages (8,916 words)
Style: APA  |  Bibliography Sources: 10

SAMPLE TEXT:

The creation of a specific "hip" and special language is often been observed as a sign of a particular generation or ostracized group searching for its own values and definitions. A sign of a behavioral shift in a group is often associated with that group developing its own lingo or jargon to differentiate itself from the majority (Isaacs, 1975). Nonetheless,… [read more]


American Social Thought on Women Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,450 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

She argued that reason and judgment are faculties women are rarely able to cultivate, given the traditional emphasis upon educating women for domestic functions only (5). She reminded her readers that society also manifests strong prejudices against learned women (6).

The problem of scripture arises, on the other hand, because Murray's feminism is rooted in Christian theology. If, as Universalism… [read more]


Women's Music? Anyone Term Paper

Term Paper  |  5 pages (1,499 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

While such things are very difficult to quantify, to qualify as women's music, a group and its music would have to score over 50% compliance in each of these categories to qualify as women's music - although a group that played only at women's music festivals, for example, could include more male musicians than other groups and still be considered… [read more]


Women's Rights During the Nineteenth Term Paper

Term Paper  |  9 pages (2,436 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

During the Civil War, Anthony and many other members of the women's movement played a large role in abolishing slavery. In 1863 Anthony founded the Women's Loyal League, which supported President Abraham Lincoln's policies (Berg). Following the war, Anthony and her supporter tried unsuccessfully to link women's suffrage with that of the freed slaves.

The Fifteenth Amendment of 1870 granted… [read more]


Repression of Women in Islam Term Paper

Term Paper  |  4 pages (1,392 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Ideally, these women rights should be adhered to by all nations and societies. However, in reality, many societies neglect to follow and often ignore the fact that women share and must enjoy the privileges provided for them in accordance to the rights of humans. Muslim societies are especially criticized for harboring women maltreatment and violence to women in their community or society, and these maltreatments are range from physical, psychological, emotional, and even spiritual abuses. A comprehensive report by the TIME Magazine, entitled, 'Lifting Veil," illustrates how Islamic nations and societies treat their women and what are the present conditions of women's welfare in these societies. In an article from the magazine written by Richard Lacayo, titled "About Face," women under the Taliban government and Afghan society are maltreated and the Afghan society is described as "a laboratory for the systematic oppression of women" (Lacayo 2001 30).

Under the Taliban regime, women are compelled to wear the burka, a heavy cloth that covers all of a woman's body, including the face, providing only an opening for the eyes for seeing. Submission to men is considered the norm in the Afghan society, and disobedience to men can result to psychological, emotional, and physical abuse to men. Rape is a common occurrence among women, and Afghan women often termed rape as "lying down," because as the article states, "lying down quietly is the best way for a woman to cope" in a highly women-repressive society such as Afghanistan. It is evident that Afghanistan is an example of a nation that drastically violates all of women's rights to liberty and right to have a life free from any kinds of oppression, discrimination, and violence.

Another article from the said issue of TIME Magazine is an article titled "The Women of Islam" by Lisa Beyer. This article offers a summarized view and report on the treatment of women in various Islamic nations. Iran is said to be "progressing" towards a greater consideration of the society towards its women by gradually removing the practice of segregation between men and women in public places; Malaysia now allows women to obtain and secure professions that are previously held exclusively by men, such as public (political) and corporate positions, although women are still required to wear head coverings; Egypt is allowing women to be granted divorce on her own initiative, although there are still restrictions, such as not being able to "leave the country without her husband's permission"; Saudi Arabia remains oppressive and discriminatory with its laws against women such as the prohibition for women to "drive cars or fly anywhere without permission," segregation in sex for job opportunities, and covering one's self completely in public; Pakistan also violates women rights by giving them an unfair hearing and trial during rape cases, wherein men are always favored against that of women; and lastly, Turkey is considered the most liberal Muslim nation today because of the equal opportunities it provides for women and men, such as the equal opportunity… [read more]


Grrrl -- Here Me Roar Term Paper

Term Paper  |  1 pages (431 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Madonna's image is ultra-feminine and yet ultra-strong. She thrives on being a wife and a mother, she dons daring lingerie, and she keeps her body in tip-top shape. Madonna is all grrrl.

Likewise, images of physically strong and powerful woman dominate television and movie screens. Tomb Raider and Charlie's Angels are but a few examples of modern role models empowering the consciousness of third wave feminists. The musical industry abounds with examples of "chick bands," like Bikini Kill. In fact, Bikini Kill singer and activist Kathleen Hanna coined the term "grrrl," (Garrison).

Third Wave feminists need not be as overtly sexual as Madonna or Lucy Liu, however. Take Martha Stewart, feminine empire builder. Martha Stewart has made millions selling a classical female role of domestic goddess. Grrrls don't have to shun the joys of cooking to be considered a feminist. Feminists can proudly be wives, mothers, *****cats, or international spies.

References

Garrison, Ednie Kaeh. "U.S. Feminism-Grrrl-Style!" Feminist Studies. Spring 2000. Find Articles. 24 Apr. 2003. http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m0300/1_26/63295343/p1/article.jhtml?term=%22third+wave+feminism%22.

McRobbie, Angela. Postmodernism and Popular Culture. London: Routledge, 1994.

Straus, Tamara. "A Manifesto for Third Wave Feminism." Alternet. 24 Oct. 2000. Independent Media Institute. 24 Apr. 2003. http://www.alternet.org/story.html?StoryID=9986.… [read more]


Woman's Rights Were Little Recognized Term Paper

Term Paper  |  11 pages (3,358 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Today, there still remain prejudices in the education of women. The educated woman still undergoes certain pressure and even social stigma. She is often torn to choose between the ideals of her education and the demands of her role as wife and mother. This goes to show that the fight for the fair and equal education of women is still… [read more]


Presence of Women Term Paper

Term Paper  |  3 pages (1,039 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

Certainly, an understanding of the female gender roles can help us to understand the role of masculinity in our society. Faludi notes, "Feminism has shown us that what we think of as feminine is actually defined by cultural messages and political agendas. The same holds true for men and for what constitutes masculinity. Being a feminist opens your eyes to the ways men, like women, are imprisoned in cultural stereotypes" (Halpern).

Importantly, women in the Citadel can help men in the institution better understand their role as men in society. While life in the Citadel is often seen as a "throw-back" to times when women had little or no power, there is in fact a much larger issue at stake. The presence of women at the Citadel forces us to see that the men in the Citadel have created a refuge from society in general, not just a refuge from women. In the Citadel, men are free from the pressures of the larger culture, and have a refuge from this pressure. As such, the presence of any outsider, in this case women, causes the men of the Citadel to feel that their safe sanctuary has been violated.

It is important to note that misogynist attitudes and beliefs at the Citadel are challenged by the presence of women at the institution. Certainly, there exists a great deal of resistance to the presence of women at the school. The presence of women in this institution threatens the very understanding and foundation of masculinity that exists for the men at the institution. If women can enter and succeed at the Citadel, then this means that the "machismo" and misogynist attitudes prevalent at the school have been misguided. In this way, the women of the Citadel can expose the men of the school to the reality that women can be both effective and successful soldiers.

Attitudes and beliefs in the Citadel come from the attitudes present in larger society. As such, any lessons learned by men in this environment can be generalized to society as a whole. As such, the men in the Citadel will take the lesions that they have learned in the institution to their lives outside of the school.

In conclusion, the women of the Citadel provide the men of the school with an opportunity to better understand the impact that society has on their attitudes toward masculinity. The women of the Citadel can help the men to understand the reasons and need for the school to be a "refuge" from larger societies' expectations of male behavior. In this sense, the presence of women at the Citadel can provide a very real impetus for change among the Cadets in the institution.

Works Cited

Faludi, Susan. The Naked Citadel. In: The New Yorker, September 5, 1994.

Halpern, Sue. Susan Faludi: the Mother Jones Interview. The Pulitzer Prize-winner who identified the backlash against feminism turns her attention to the next oppressed class: men. Mother Jones. September/October 1999 Issue. 19 November 2003. http://www.motherjones.com/arts/qa/1999/09/faludi.html… [read more]


Feminism/Humanities Love and the Developing Term Paper

Term Paper  |  7 pages (2,544 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

But that "new memory" is forced upon the girl, not by her own willed remembering, but by seeing her physical acts in the eyes of her brother and in society's eyes as an outrage.

The memories recounted by Duras in fact support a kind of loss or lack of will. Her mother, Duras states, when she suspects the daughter's sexual… [read more]


Italy Is a Cultural Hub Term Paper

Term Paper  |  30 pages (8,053 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1+

SAMPLE TEXT:

As society becomes more secular in nature however, one would assume that the traditional religious associations with masculinity and femininity would fall away, leaving room for growth and expansion. This has not necessarily however, been the case in Italy and its European counterparts, where religion perhaps still has more of an influence on society.

Interestingly, concupiscence was often coded as… [read more]


Woman? The Book, 'Aren Book Review

Book Review  |  6 pages (1,793 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

SAMPLE TEXT:

The thing that did not work for me was the space in the book that discussed on the status of the women after the reconstruction of the south. Little space in the book was set aside to discuss about the positive experiences that women enjoyed after the reconstruction of the south. In my opinion, the author should have given equal space in this section just the one used in explaining the bad experience that black women faced in the Antebellum America (White 33).

4.0 Conclusion

In conclusion, this book would interest many people interested in the gender studies and women's rights. The book will provide guidance and key information on the historical abuses of women have faced in history. In addition, this book will interest the students of gender studies intending to dig further into gender issues and gender abuses that have been experienced in the past. This book is fit for undergraduate and graduate students, due to the language used to explain the concept of gender rights, and experiences that black women faced in the Antebellum America.

The author has also opened up the plight that black women in the Antebellum America. She is a great writer, by virtue that she has provided critical evidence of the suffering and pain that black women faced in the South. The author explains of clear issues like the times when the women had to feign they are sick to avoid being subjected to hard labor. This is an interesting book for it speaks directly on the pains that black women faced in the Antebellum America.

5.0 Reference

White, Deborah, 1985, Aren't I a Woman?…… [read more]


Women's Role Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (1,085 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

SAMPLE TEXT:

Yet eventually their marriage and subsequent adoption of three children, provided for her the role of mother that she was still not satisfied with because she did not bear them. Those children not coming from her womb made her feelings of inadequacy remain. She is so idealistic, and set on fulfilling her premarital ideas of womanhood that her not bearing and raising her own children removes any satisfaction she could have had with her loving husband and three children. She's so different from the character from "A Sorrowful Woman" because of her beliefs and desires. She wanted what she thought she should want and have whereas the other woman wanted what society as a whole did not want her to have.

This is where the key differences are because both stories share a lot of similarities, at least in the role of women and the inevitable lack of satisfaction in both of these women's lives. It is in their beliefs and how they handle their expected roles that the real dissimilarities derive from. The woman from "A Sorrowful Woman" was more than what she fulfilled. She had her own children, she had a loving husband, but those were not her ideals. Even if they were, she certainly wanted more.

Her role, as perfectly as she did it and fit in it, was stifling to her. She not only felt trapped, but also felt burdened by her responsibilities. On page 39 she explains just how sick the sight of her son and husband made her because she knew she was expected to only take care of them and not do what she desired. Unlike Fay who, even with an alternative, wanted to adhere to the rigidity of her ideals, the character in this story needed an alternative not accepting the singularity of her position. She attempted to seek the alternative by allocating her duties as housewife to her husband, but that did not work. Even this did not satisfy her because her true desires remained stifled as she wanted to be single and free. Her escapism into novels and her sweater only led to her withdrawal and death demonstrating that women of that time who wanted more than their expected roles often did not have the opportunity to move away from their duties and get what they truly wanted or needed.

The endings were different with Fay continuing her life as a mother of adopted children and the other woman dying showing how bad the outcome could be and was for women who rebelled against their roles. Although the women shared the desire for more than what they had, one wanted to fulfill her role as mother and wife while the other detested her roles. The struggles are similar but the context and the way the character perceived their roles were different. Ultimately stories like these shed light on the plight of women in earlier times and help society remember the struggles of women through the ages.

References

Foster, C.D., Siegel,… [read more]


Religion, Spiritual Activism, Feminism A-Level Coursework

A-Level Coursework  |  4 pages (1,294 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5

SAMPLE TEXT:

Those choices should not be dangerous and they should also not be exceedingly costly. If they were either dangerous or too expensive then they would not be viable options for mother to begin her parenting with.

The second choice that the aforementioned authors believes is necessary regarding reproduction is that women and men as well should have a number of birth control options that they can choose from It is important to realize that again, the authors believe that these choices should be trustworthy, not dangerous, and inexpensive. They should involve different types of methods so that couples can have a variety of choices which ideally protect them in different ways.

The third necessity for reproduction is highly important in that it allows for women to choose whether or not they want an abortion. In addition to being able to choose whether or not to have such a procedure, this necessity implies that the abortions are safe and inexpensive, as well as reliable. Finally, the authors believe that women should have the right to produce children when they want to. In this respect they should not be tricked or forced into becoming sterile.

The choice that is best represented in the film "The Business of Being Born" is for women to have different options for giving birth. The movie insinuates that hospitals are fine for complicated pregnancies, but that women should also be able to have natural births at home with midwives (Xandra, 2013), or perhaps in hospitals with midwives, or without a surfeit of drugs coursing through their systems.

The concept of sarbat da bhalla (which translates into the well-being of all) correlates very well with the life lived by Kaur, the author of the work of literature entitled "On being a Sikh feminist." In fact, the author takes great pains to mention that there are several aspects of Sikh culture -- from its very inception -- in which equality between genders was manifest. This degree of equality came to encompass women because it pertained to virtually all facets of life for those involved in the Sikh culture, because "gender equality along with caste, class and religious equality are central tenets of Sikhi, the Sikh faith…" (Kaur, 2012).

In this respect, it is apparent that Kaur's faith contributed to her feminism as well as to that of her family. The author states (2012) that her earliest exposure to feminism came in the form of her mother's encouragement. The author also explicates the fact that her mother had no formal exposure to feminism and instead was simply immersed in the notions of parity that was ingrained throughout Sikh culture. As such, this culture helped the author to readily embrace feminism at an early age, and to even to continue to foster this tendency within her even after she had matured some as well.

In turn, Kaur's feminism also helped to influence her faith in the Sikh religion and its overarching culture. Since she was reared embracing these concepts of feminism… [read more]


History of American Warfare and the Transformation of Women Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (3,055 words)
Bibliography Sources: 4

SAMPLE TEXT:

Many companies did so despite them understanding that they were breaking union agreements. Surprisingly, industries sacked females from certain jobs and gave the positions to men even when the process of recruiting females was less costly. If only these financial advantages were taken into account, one would anticipate the management of these companies to act in support of females, and… [read more]


Woman's Interview Research Paper

Research Paper  |  5 pages (1,555 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

On whether her activism interferes with her ability to raise her two daughters and play her roles in the family, Mintz states that she has constantly ensured that there is a balance between these roles. She argues that motherhood is as important to her as her work in promoting women's rights and addressing women's issues. She believes that the basis of her success in all endeavors is her ability to play her roles at home effectively. This is based on the dominant ideology of motherhood in which a woman must be a mother before she can be viewed as a fulfilled, mature, and balanced adult (Crow & Barbara, 190). She assumes total responsibility for the growth and development of her two daughters. The need to create the balance in Mintz life is based on hybridity, which not only recognizes the challenges in undertaking a practice under unfavorable conditions but also creates huge possibilities (Friedman, 48). Her decision to become a woman's activist at a time when women were subjected to inequalities and discrimination was difficult, though it provided huge opportunities.

Conclusion

This assignment has contributed to my own learning process in understanding the role social structures, ideologies, economics, and cultural factors play in feminism. This process has provided huge insights on the role of these factors in shaping a woman's identity and perspective towards life. While some of these factors generate tremendous challenges in women's lives, they offer great opportunities for shaping someone's life. Therefore, the learning process has made me re-think my belief and…… [read more]


Fiction and Instruction a Women's Experience Research Proposal

Research Proposal  |  15 pages (4,933 words)
Style: MLA  |  Bibliography Sources: 15

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Fiction and Instruction

A Women's Experience Before, During, and After the Victorian Era

Does the prose style displayed by women writers have any unintended or intended benefits as it related to educating readers, especially women? Was Victorian women's fiction intended to be educational at all? If so, in what ways? How have pre-Victorian and post-Victorian female writers influence… [read more]


Women in Abusive Relationship Research Paper

Research Paper  |  6 pages (2,083 words)
Bibliography Sources: 6

SAMPLE TEXT:

Women Abuse

Abuse of Women: A Legal and Social Problem

The problem of domestic violence in the United States is both pervasive and historically omnipresent. Though its definition has often been subject to extreme variation -- even with state and federal laws in the U.S. containing widely divergent qualifications of terminology -- domestic abuse has nonetheless shown itself to be… [read more]


Color Purple Women and Oppression Essay

Essay  |  3 pages (992 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

SAMPLE TEXT:

Color Purple

Women and Oppression in the Color Purple

In Alice Walker's novel the Color Purple, Sofia stated, "White folks is a miracle of affliction" (103). The black families in the novel felt oppressed by the white establishment. However, the black men were equally as oppressive towards their wives and daughters. The black women were not only devalued by white people, but by their own men. This can be seen clearly in the lives of two of the main characters. Celie, the wife of Albert and Harpo's stepmother, and Sofia, Harpo's wife, underwent a long and painful struggle for personal autonomy.

Celie took her mother's place as her father's sexual partner at the age of fourteen when her mother became too ill to submit to his desires. She gave birth to two children before she became unable to conceive. Her father Alfonso took her two babies from her and disposed of them without her knowledge or permission. Celie did not know for many years whether her children were alive or dead. She assumed that he had taken her baby girl and "Kilt it out there in the woods" (12), but she was pretty sure that he had sold the boy "to a man an his wife over Monticello" (13). Celie was victimized by her father. She had no rights over her own body, her own time or even over her own biological children.

Celie's life did not improve after her father offered her to a man named Albert, whom she called Mr. ____. On the day she moved into his house, his oldest son, a twelve-year-old boy, "pick up a rock and laid my head open" (21). It wasn't long until Albert began to beat Celie "like he beat the children" (30). He not only abused Celie, but he maintained an open sexual relationship with a woman named Shug Avery, and he attempted to seduce Celie's sister Nettie.

Celie's relationship with her father was sordid, and her relationship with her husband was degrading and abusive. Alfonso and Albert both saw Celie as an object to be used. In the beginning when Alfonso was raping Celie, he choked her and said, "You better shut up and git used to it" (11). He viewed Celie as a tool to use for his own purposes. Alfonso and Albert shared similar sentiments about women. When Harpo asked his father why he beat Celie, his answer was, "All women good for…" (30). He did not finish the sentence, but his meaning was clear; women were only good for sexual gratification. Celie spent her early years being belittled, used and beaten by the men who should have protected her. In spite of frequent admonitions to fight back, Celie refused to run the risk of further punishment.

Sofia, the woman Harpo brought home as his wife, also spent her life being oppressed by the men around her. However, Sofia was completely different from Celie, especially when it came to fighting. Sofia told Celie,…… [read more]


Women's Role Edmund Spencer Research Paper

Research Paper  |  8 pages (2,486 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

SAMPLE TEXT:

Women's Role Edmund Spencer

The term "women's rights" or "women's power" for females living in the Renaissance is an oxymoron. During this historic period of time, women were considered second-class citizens with no political rights. Single women were controlled by their parents, and married women were dominated by their husbands. A few women who came from wealthy and politically powerful… [read more]


Roles of Women in the Mexican Revolution of 1910 Research Paper

Research Paper  |  10 pages (3,477 words)
Bibliography Sources: 7

SAMPLE TEXT:

Forgotten Yet Essential Soladaras

In 1910, the Mexican people reached their point of tolerance with the long rule of dictatorship of President Porfino Diaz and declared a revolution. The middle and upper classes were dissatisfied with the power in the hands of a select few, and the working and lower classes no longer could tolerate the poor working conditions, low… [read more]


Feminist Interpretation of Aristotle Term Paper

Term Paper  |  10 pages (3,381 words)
Bibliography Sources: 3

SAMPLE TEXT:

Feminist Interpretation of Aristotle

Aristotle and Women's Position in the World

In "The Virtue of Care: Aristotelian Ethics and Contemporary Ethics of Care," Ruth Groenhout states "hierarchies should be evaluated on their own merits." This interpretation of Aristotelian hierarchy stands in stark contrast to a literal interpretation of Aristotle's view of the man/wife dichotomy where there is no evaluation, the… [read more]


Women in Education Research Paper

Research Paper  |  9 pages (2,563 words)
Bibliography Sources: 10

SAMPLE TEXT:

Women in Education

Educational opportunities for men and women are now equal under the law, but that was not always the case. American women made slow progress during the nineteenth century in securing their rights to expand their intellectual horizons beyond the roles of wives and mothers to which society held them. The struggles of women to be seen as… [read more]


Interrelations Between Race Gender Class and Sexual Identities Essay

Essay  |  2 pages (560 words)
Bibliography Sources: 2

SAMPLE TEXT:

Asia Fem

Views of Feminism in Asian-Identified Women

The issue of feminism is often seen in a Western, or perhaps more appropriately a Euro-American-centric, context, with the simple consideration of women in a patriarchal society standing as an independent issue. Though this narrow view has long been questioned and subverted through research and commentary, certain views on the subject have only come to light in the past few decades. The implications of postcolonial society on feminism, and vice-versa, have become a subject of increasing scrutiny and expression, and different constructs of sexuality, identity, and gender can be clearly observed in texts produced from this perspective. Two such texts are Hiromi Goto's novel Chorus of Mushrooms and Deepa Metha's film Fire, both of which deal with sexuality, aging, and the nature of femininity and feminism from a unique Asian-European/American (or Canadian) context.

Chorus of Mushrooms begins with a clear and immediately recognizable depiction of aging, even though it is actually a wind being described rather than a person (3). In this way, Goto manages at once to convey an immediate and strong sense of cultural attitudes towards the aged that are held by a Euro-American society while at the same time setting up a clear conflict with this view in the temerity of the narrator's voice and choice of comparison. Sexuality and the concepts of femininity and feminism are dealt with similarly in the novel, with the diction an symbolic choice obviously mimicking (or drawing on) Asian styles of storytelling and emotive expression, while at the same time evoking both modern feminist strains and cultural symbols of the West. Identity is formed -- or fails to form -- based on juxtapositions…… [read more]


Traditional Woman and the "New Essay

Essay  |  4 pages (1,160 words)
Bibliography Sources: 5

SAMPLE TEXT:

¶ … Traditional Woman and the "New Woman"

The woman's traditional gender roles are changing at the beginning of the twentieth century. The "New Woman" seeks to experience life and express herself beyond the social limitations of being a wife and mother and living solely for her family. The role of the woman in the changing social environment is an important one to writers of the period (West, 1955). Through William Dean Howells's "Editha" (1905) and Edith Wharton's "Roman Fever" (1934), the reader can see the evolution in the social freedom of young women over two generations. While Editha and Mrs. Slade exhibit a tension between falling into more traditional gender roles and desiring freedom from them, the young women of "Roman Fever" suggest that they are indeed experiencing a social liberation their mothers could not enjoy.

A young woman living at the end of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century, Editha embodies the struggle between being independent and assertive and falling into the traditional role of the young woman looking to get married. When George comes to tell her that the United States is going to war, Editha contemplates her relationship with him and how she came to be with him. She details typical courting of the day: "She had always supposed that the man who won her would have done something to win her; she did not know what, but something" (p. 1080). While love could be a part of courting, there is also the aspect that the man "wins" the woman. While Editha understands the traditional role she plays in the courting process, she is also confused by it because she "did not know what" a man might do to win her over. Editha is strong willed, and she has strong beliefs. Why would she be confused about what she wanted in a husband? Perhaps it is because Editha does not picture herself in the traditional role of a wife, the more submissive in the marital relationship.

Very early in the story, Howells makes it clear that Editha wants to assert herself and her desires; she wants to be in control. As Editha tries to get George to see that the war is a noble cause, George suggests that Editha is probably correct. If he's in disagreement with her, then he's probably in the wrong. This brings out a strong emotional response in Editha: "A generous sob rose in Editha's throat for the humility of a man, so very nearly perfect, who was willing to put himself below her" (p. 1081). George sees Editha as his moral and intellectual superior, and this is not lost on her. The defined gender roles of the time are switched -- Editha is masculine and assertive, and George is yielding and feminine.

However, Editha is a young woman of her time; because of her position in society, she must live out her fantasies vicariously through George. Editha is arrogant and controlling. She's extremely patriotic to the point of… [read more]


Women and Culture Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (632 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

Celebrating Women in Pop Culture

Fried Green Role Models

Roles in Hollywood's mainstream feature films that celebrate strong and admirable female characters are rare. While female heroine roles, per se, are more frequent, these roles are typically fantasy-based characters that exude more sexuality than real-world virtue. Examples of this type of fantasy-based roles include Angelina Jolie's roles in "Lara Croft: Tomb Raider" (a scantily-clad super-hero) and "Mr. And Mrs. Smith" (a hit-woman married to a hit-man). There are films, however, that have celebrated women as strong individuals who are defined by their pursuit of self-betterment and resiliency. These are virtues that both women and men should aspire to, and it is helpful for women to see these virtues embodied by "typical" and "average" women. One such movie that depicts two women who display these qualities is "Fried Green Tomatoes."

"Fried Green Tomatoes" features two relatively distinct plots, the first revolving around Kathy Bates' character ("Evelyn Couch") and the second revolving around Mary Staurt Masterson's ("Idgie Threadgoode"). Bates portrays a middle aged housewife who struggles with a lackluster marriage, a purposeless life, body image and weight issues, sexuality issues and impending menopause (called "her changes" by co-star Jessica Tandy). In the first third of the movie, Bates identifies her struggles, in the second part of the movie, she succumbs to or is controlled by them, and last part of the movie she finds the resolve to take action to address her issues.

What makes Bates' character a powerful celebration of women, is that she embodies the ability to change women have within themselves. In dealing with the same issues that millions of middle age women struggle with every day, she finds the tools to change inside herself. She develops a new found belief (or perhaps harnesses a dormant belief) that she can change her attitude, behavior and outlook all by herself and solely for the sake of…… [read more]


Women Study the Situation in "Cheaper Term Paper

Term Paper  |  2 pages (625 words)
Bibliography Sources: 0

SAMPLE TEXT:

Women Study

The situation in "Cheaper than a cow" describes the perceived condition of the woman in India. According to the article, women in India are treated as merchandise, sold and resold, by men in their quest for families and heirs.

The association with the cow in the title is rather significant. More precisely, the cow in India represents a truly saint animal. It is worshiped and considered the embodiment of sanctity. Indeed, from this point-of-view, women in India and elsewhere have little choices and are therefore sold for a smaller price that than of a cow.

Indeed, the bargaining and selling of wives in India is often a tabu subject in terms of westerners. Usually, these actions cannot be tolerated. Still, the tradition and creed of the culture allows and even considers natural the process. It is a matter of cultural tradition, heritage, and customs. There is little somebody can do about it given the ancient nature of the events.

India is not the only place these things happen and are hidden under the veil of tradition. In most Muslim countries, and in particularly in Saudi Arabia, and even Turkey, the relations between men and women are not similar to the western perspective and that of international human rights. Traditionally, according to international law, men and women are equal in the face of law and in their choices. However, in Turkey for instance, women are forced after marriage to take the name of their husband, regardless of their desire or wish. Although this is not one of the most important cases of human rights abuse, it is significant especially for a country such as Turkey with desire to accede to the European Union.

India Arie is a rather inspirational figure in terms of feminist ideas and self-esteem. In the "Video" she tries to transmit a criticism towards the consumerist world and…… [read more]


Women of the Klan Book Review

Book Review  |  7 pages (2,345 words)
Bibliography Sources: 1

SAMPLE TEXT:

Women of the Klan

Chances are that anyone living in America, whether born in this country or not has heard of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK). What many aren't aware of is that there were also Women of the Ku Klux Klan (WKKK) and their numbers were strong. The WKKK existing in every state much like the KKK and white,… [read more]

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